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iinting the Lost i 
The Year 1904, . . . 
~ ' e Warmony of ^ 
i u ' Committee on 
then and Now— N, 
Pan! s First Letter 1 
The Divorce Questi 
<->angerous .Step, 

Fifty Years a Contri 
Buried Leaves. Bv 

will 1 " a ? d the St « 
Walking by Faith. 

Nothing.- By C. I 

The New Year. By 

Jcabusy is the R 

Be Not Angry. By ( 
Young Men. By w 
My First Series of 
white, , . 

I " S B ha " N °t tile Judge 
By Jesse Y. Heckle 

1 m S™ a Bo °". 
J he Folly of Worldly 
Stop That Noise. By 
Home and Family,— 

Help the Boys. By N 
The Aid Society of ] 

Lizzie Albright, . 
The Lost Grip, .. " 
Sisters at Work. By'i 

, A^Dov-n'S' 

Mission Board of Nort 

A C "><"-.»lo. By Clias. 5 

• hfAn """'»t 3yWu 


Before leaving- the Phi 

aft called the attention of 

e satd the press and mere 

f--T support of the govern, 

nation with the governm, 

,'os agamst speculating u, 

iment until the schools v. 

in ■" every village and th< 

<«f. He has been a very 

■■islands. The general im, 

>s a brilliant example of 

Kj keynote of his characte, 

• courage in his con 

* is expressed because. he 1 

'j'rns to the United States to 

flace of Secretary Root, wh 

HE English have beeToffi 

1 em Peror, in praising p ru , 

' saved the English soldier 

words by the emperor we, 

° question as to the braver 

s, but without England in i 

'oleon's career would not 

„ did. It seems natural for 

'•""self or his friends the 

-or good deed. The man w 

those who have worked v, 

'«■ Jhe tendency to magni 

' ielf 1S almost universal, a 

veral governments in Euro, 

-difficulties because of the 

■ J» various sections. Ausl 

/a A "fj 15 a "y ~«ntry, f or , 

■ipor° empire notk ss th, 

ntui 7' G " man y "as its tr, 

its c T ° f " le em P ei F to h: 

h taught in the schools , 

yt.*>.ii'<£** v ?vy 

THt, gospel Messenger 



No. 1 

Editorial, — 

Hunting the Lost Sheep, 

The Year 1904 

The Harmony of Methods, 

The Committee on Credentials, 9 

Then and Now — No. 1, . . ' "'" 9 

Faul ; Firrt Letter to Timothy .? 

The Divorce Question, .. I0 

A Dangerous Step 
Essays, — 

Buried Leaves. 


osen has met with severe criticism. It undoubtedly 
■s important to have all the inhabitants of a country 
speak one language— more now than ever before— but 
the nafons of Europe are made up of various races 
who for centuries have lived in the same place and 
spoken the same language. This makes the problem 
a 1 the more difficult. It is not strange that the peo- 
ple object to giving up their mother tongue 

Fifly Years a Con,, ibutor^By J. S. Mobler^.. . . . . , language problem, tuili ^ m^ieTl^e 

Science and the Star of Bethlehem, \ 's not a great one for our country 

» ITt i%^haU rend, . ineer ':- ::: \ as ™ ny m "^ *»*»* ** 


The New Year. By L. C. Hosfeldt,... 

OIH a fe' S lh ,%? aBe °k M , an " ByJohnHeekman. 

km, I s ' and ! i" 1 ' By John E. Mohler 

Be Not Angry. By G. J. Fercken, . . . . 

loung Men. By H. A. Stahl. 

My First Series of Meetings By a"g" 

white ' 

" Shall Not the judge of ali'tlii 

By Jesse Y. Heckler 

\ Enthusiasm a Boon 

The Folly of Worldly Pursuits. By A W 

Stop That Noise. By James M. Neff 

Home and Family, — 

Help the Boys. By Nora E. Berkebile 

1 he Aid Society of North Manchester. Ind ' ' By 

Lizzie Albright 3 

! The Lost Grip - 

Sisters at Work. By Martha R Laii' 
Care of Homeless Waifs, 

Earth Do Right ?" 

Reese,. . 

We have, perhaps, 
:en as any other na- 
tion, and yet the tendency is toward the one tongue 
and m a generation or two many no longer speak the 
language of their ancestors. Speaking the same lan- 
guage helps to unite people, for it is a strong tie. 

Many employers of labor made gifts to their em- 
ployes ,ust before Christmas. Some gave money and 
some turkeys; one firm in Chicago giving five thou- 
sand turkeys. Such gifts, made in the right way tend 
to draw the I wo classes together, and in many cases 
they are a great help to the laboring man. 
prosperous season the faithful 

ihman 7 

by receiving something which shows that h: 

V Pet Dove in Church. 5 I appreciated : and this something need not always be 

money or turkeys. What men need is helpful inter- 

mediately upon a declaration of hostilities against the 
United States there would be another revolutSn n Co- 
lombia, whldl wou , d be sq ^ tQ oremin 

Bogota government beyond all doubt. It does not 
-em at all probable that there will be any Z iou 

During the past seven years Canada's foreign trade 
as more than doubled, and now it is five hundred md- 
hon dollars a year, w„h prospects for a steady increase 
for some years to come. The population is small- 
only about s,x mdlicn-but the resources of the coun- 
try are very great. It has been estimated that if the 
increase in production averages as great during the 
next twelve years as during the past ten Canada's 
northwest will then be producing seven hundred and 
fifty million bushels of wheat. The yearly require- 

bus'he, ' V ^ ea V B , ritain '" ° nlV tW ° h " ndr «' milli °» 
bushels But little, comparatively, is known of the 

mineral riches of Canada, but there is no reason .0 
doubt that they are great. The outlook for our neigh- 
bor on the north is bright, and we hope that she will 
is efforts are be blessed abundantly in all thin 


mploye is encouraged 


ieneral Missionary and Tract Department, 
What Will We Do this Year? 

The Distance to India, 

From Tekoa, Wash. By D. M Click 
1 Mission Board of Northern Kansas 
:\ Colorado. By Chas, Slonjker 

The r*Ilomti„g. .5, Win. K. dentin 

and Northern 

est in each other's welfare, and we believe, in spite of 
numerous strikes, that this interest is greater now 
than it has ever been before. 




•farmer Biilc'lhr, 

Befoul: leaving the Philippines Dec. 24 ex-Gov. 
aft called the attention of the people to two things. 
,e said the press and merchants were half-hearted°in 
•eir support of the government and urged active co- 
•eration with the government. He warned the Fili- 
,10s against speculating upon independent self-gov- 
iment until the schools were well filled with chil- 
pn in every village and the masses were better edu- 
ted. He has been a very successful governor of 
■ islands. The general impression seems to be that 

is a brilliant example of a high executive officer. 
ie keynote of his character is consistency and un- 
iching courage in his convictions. Universal re- 
Jt is expressed because. he has left the islands. He 

irns to the United States to become secretary of war 

ilace of Secretary Root, who has resigned. 

he English have been offended because the Ger- 
1 emperor, in praising Prussian soldiers, said that 
' saved the English soldiers at Waterloo in 1815. 

words by the emperor were uncalled for. There 
question as to the bravery of the Prussian sol- 
s, but without England in Spain and at Waterloo 
nleon's career would not so soon have ended 

did. It seems natural for a man to wish to take 
.limself or his friends the credit due for any 
- or good deed. The man who can give full cred- 

those who have worked with him is riot often 
d. The tendency to magnify the importance of 
> self is almost universal, and it is not a good 

e F..n,',ttrg- Atnt ica.i 
arrived at New York last week. On the way 
over it had a collision with a tramp steamer. There 
were fourteen hundred steerage passengers on board 
mostly Jews from Kishenev, Russia, and they became 
panic stricken because they thought the vessel was in 
uanger of sinking. The assurances of the officers 
were of no avail. They demanded that the boats be 
lowered. It was all the officers, armed with revolvers,' 
and some priests could do to restrain them ; and there 
is no telling what might have happened if the wind 
had not subsided. A blind, unreasoning fear takes 
possession of many people when they think death is 
about to overtake them. Life is very dear to most of 
us. but it is not worth buying at the expense of other 

W BDNESDA1 of last week there was a terrible dis- 
aster on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad at Laurel 
Kun, Pa., in which more than three score person, lost 
their hves and many more were injured. A freight 
tram had gone over the road a short time before ami 
•loin it some timbeis fell on the track. Owing to "a 
curve the engineer of the passenger train could not 
see them in lime to stop his train, and many were 
hurled into eternity without a moment's warning All 
the cars exceptiiig the diner and a sleeper were badly 
wrecked. It looks as if cars could be built in a more 
substantial way, so that they .would not be so easily 
smashed to pieces and less likely to burn. Such 1 ' 
dents remind one of the necessity of 

1 acci- 
always being 

It is said that Mr. Carnegie's income is twenty-six 
million dollars a year. Some time ago he said it was a 
disgrace for a man to die rich; but so far he has 
failed to give away his income, to say nothing of his 
capital. But in 1903 he gave nearly' twenty-six mil- 
lion dollars for various purposes. Mr. Rockefeller, 
whose income is probably larger than Mr. Carnegie's,' 
gave away less than one-eighth as much. Other 
wealthy men gave, but only a few have made themselves 
conspicuous for giving of their abundance. Some per- 
sons think gifts should not be accepted if the money 
has been gained in a questionable way. The Uni- 
versity of Nebraska declined a gift from Mr. Rocke- 
feller on what are called " high 
Those soliciting gifts w 

It looks more and more as if Russia ami Japan 
would resort to arms to settle their differences. " The 
whole Japanese nation is anxious for war. The peo- 
ple have not forgotten how llley were deprived of 
Port Arthur at the conclusion of the war with China, 
and they desire revenge. Russia cannot recede with- 
out losing prestige. The war spirit in China is run- 
ning high, and if there should be a war the Chinese 
would likely fight against Russia, and this would com- 
plicate matters, for then other nations would likely be 
drawn into the conflict. Any day may decide the ques- 
tion. It is to be hoped that peace will prevail, for if 
war is once begun there is no telling when or what <j' 
the end will be. England. France and Germany are of/ 

1 in China, and they will take Sieps to/ 
■msclves their rights, without very much/ 
s Chinese. The ambition of rulers ofteri 
unjust acts. 

moral grounds.' 
1 do well to consider this. 

vehal governments in Europe have been experi- 
■' difficulties because of the different languages 
™™}>n various sections. Austria-Hungary knows 
* 3well as any country, for there are within the 
' a rtof the empire not less than sixteen different 
iporj'ies. Germany has its troubles too, and the 
ntun it j on of the emperDr to have German instead 
its cj h taught in the schools of the province of 


The status of the state of Panama is now fixed, for 
it has been recognized not only by the Uniteil States 
and some European countries, but by Cuba, Mexico. 
Brazil, Nicaragua and Peru. In addition to this dip- 
lomatic status there is the fact which was officially 
brought to the notice of the state department to-day, 
to the effect that a large section of the Colombian peo- 
ple themselves, including most of the population of the 
seaport towns, is quite willing to let the isthmus go, 
provided a money indemnity be received. The only 
hot heads are said to be in Bogota itself, and confiden- 
tial reports to the state department indicate that im- 

also interested in Chi 
secure for thems 
respect for the 
leads to very 

The strike of the liverymen in Chicago still con^ 
tinues, with very little prospect of an early settle- 
ment. There has been but little violence, yet there is 
the constant fear of it. Pickets were used even at 
funerals until the chief of police forbade them. Even 
now undertakers are afraid to send out hearses, for 
there is no telling when an attempt to destroy property 
will be made. One would think that both sides had 
seen enough of fighting between employers and em- 
ployes to know that it does not pay. It should not be 
a question of might, but of right. Might has too long 
ruled in the affairs of men ; that is why there has been 
so little regard for the right. It is always so in con- 
flicts, which is a very good reason why they should be 

'meetings in 
.d Kanawha 
landing for 
chburg, and 
lanoke City 

canal where 
;vival work, 
d almost as 
■path. The 
ninating the 
^at could be 
g as janitor, 
i to preach 
. lied it apos- 
irly develop- 
thip, and as 
'"rom custom 
> Eld. Moo- 
1 the second 
len growing 
solated band 
tld not come 
hat any min- 
s could bap- 
mersed them 
• tst beautiful. 
vork so well 
y were made 
I to this day 
: those pleas- 


will do right, 
ivife and two 
0111. He did 
d right when 
lit. God did 
Egypt into 
people of Is- 
■s do right to 

He will do 
:asts him into 
ars. He will 
ets him loose 
id deceive the 

of the earth. 
:s around the 
, God will do 
1. And when 

brimstone, to 
id ever (Rev. 

ngs just now, 
ging the song 
relous are thy 
true are thy 

pray for more 
diusiasm. The 
rift. It is reg- 
eagerness and 
s. Those en- 
ties, but brave' 
recognize the 
duty calls, ex- 
is fire in their 
1 the more the 
: resources are 
and the " one 
they expect to 
usually do it. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

■ Study to show tfcyseU approved unto God, a workman that needeth not be 
aahamed, rigbtly dividing the Word ol Truth." 


One volume more completed, 

A record laid away, 
Till opened and repeated 

At the great judgment day. 

If memory holds in sorrow 

Aught of the year's review, 
Let hopes inspiring morrow 

Gird soul and life anew. 

Use God's fresh gift and treasure 

This year with fleeting wings, 
Whose worth no thought can measure, 

Charged with eternal things. 
As new-born hours are pleading 

For generous Christly deeds, 
Make every day receding 

Supply souls' deepest needs. 
All things are yours, if living 

As lived your Master dear; 
To him obedience giving 

We'll crown a happy year. 

— S. D. Phelps, D. D. 



We offer a few reminiscences that have fastened 
themselves upon our memory during the above period 
of time, but it is rather difficult to do so without 
letting the "ego" crop out occasionally. But the 
writer craves the charity of the reader on the ground 
that he is not seeking self-prominence in the above 
period of service, only as self was a factor in the his- 
tory of that period in our fraternity and in its litera- 

Fifty years have elapsed since I first began my hum- 
blie labor of writing for the Brethren papers. What 
great changes have taken place in the world, in society, 
and in the church, during this period ! What mighty 
strides have been made in the material world by the 
many inventions wrought, which have lessened the 
drudgery of labor and added materially to the con- 
veniences and comforts of life. Since then, the har- 
vester, mower, steam thresher, telegraph, telephone, 
electric light, sewing machine, and a thousand other in- 
ventions have been wrought, the ocean cables laid, and 
railways built from ocean to ocean. 

In society the changes have also been remarkable. 
Millions of American slaves have been set free, Cuba 
has procured her independence, and the Filipinos have 
been liberated from Spanish dominion, opening a fine 
field for the extension of Christ's kingdom. The Isth- 
mian canal is in sight. China has granted an 
"open door" for commerce and Christianity. 

In my personal relations the changes have been 
many, and somewhat sad. The aged and middle-aged 
generations of my youth are no more; and of the 
many who began the race of life with me, comparative- 
ly few remain. The younger generation, now on the 
stage of action are, comparatively, strangers to me, 
as, I suppose, I also am to them. Like a lone and 
weary traveler, nearing the river's brink, I look across 
the stream for glimpses of the beautiful land that lies 

In the church the changes have been equally marked. 
Fifty years ago Sunday schools were not in existence 
in our Fraternity. We had no protracted meetings, 
no foreign missions, no city mission work, no church 
literature, save in a very limited sense, no collections 
for church work of any consequence, nor colleges. 
Now we have all of these, with good results follow- 

The Gospel Visitor was our first English church pa- 
per, and was edited by Kurtz & Quinter, for a num- 
ber of years. Next the Christian Family Companion 
was started, and edited by H. R. Holsinger. Then 
appeared the Pilgrim, edited by H. B. and J. B. 
Brumbaugh. This was followed by the consolidation 
of the Pilgrim and the C. F. Companion, edited by 
Quinter & Beer. Then appeared the Brethren at 

Work, edited by Moore &■ Eshelman. Then came the 
Primitive Christian, edited by Quinter & Brumbaugh. 
After this the papers east and west were consolidated 
and called The Gospel Messenger, J. H. Moore be- 
ing the western editor and Quinter and Brumbaugh the 
eastern. A few years later D. L. Miller came on the 
scene of action as one of the editors. My work as a 
contributor to the Brethren church papers began soon 
after my conversion, when I was about twenty-two 
years of age, and, by the grace of God, has continued 
regularly, each year to the present time, through calm 
and storm. In my youth contributors to our papers 
were few and highly esteemed, especially by the edi- 
tors, but their contributions were not always noted for 
that high degree of Christian charity that has obtained 
in our church periodicals of later date. But, through 
it all, our papers lived and have grown to be a mighty 
power for good in the land. 

No doubt some of my contributions were unwise. 
This I regret. But in the main, I trust that my 
humble efforts have performed at least a small part of 
the work necessary to elevate our spiritual and literary 
taste, and to bring the Messenger up to its present 
state of efficiency and prosperity. God bless the edi- 
tors of the Messenger, and all its contributors, that 
its pages may ever gleam with " glad tidings of great 

Beatrice, Nebr. 



" No need of words for the heart of the woods to hear — 

To the soul's mute cry 
In her solitude the quiet trees give ear. 

And the still blue sky— 
The sky that looks through the trees like loving eyes 

Till the soul pangs cease 
And the solemn pines point singing to the skies — 

And the pines sing ' Peace.' " 

We went into the woods in October when the leaves 
were changing from green to pale yellow, gold and 
scarlet. Here and there a tree stood alone, the sun- 
light warmed it through and through, and its leaves 
were like the picture in a kaleidoscope, as the breeze 
stirred them gently. Changing — now it was a mass of 
red and then its colors became brighter as the wind 
rustled through the upper branches. Only a few days 
•until the frosts and stormy winds will destroy all this 
loveliness. The yellow, russet and scarlet leaves, as 
they intertwined, were weaving their own shroud in 
the autumn sunlight, but you could not see death in 
the light and beauty and cheer of that afternoon. A 
few weeks later and the air was full of falling leaves, 
and the withered, lifeless grass was thickly carpeted 
with them. Some of them cling to the tree, but with 
every gust of wind- they are loosened a little more, 
until quivering, and gently swaying back and forth, 
they flutter softly down to mingle with the others. 

" They whisper of the waning year 

While passing, passing, 
The hush of death o'er woodland drear 
Of winter's reign— the sigh, the fear— 
A great life's end that's very near. 
The silent grief o'er summer's bier 

While passing, passing." 

We dragged our feet through the deep masses of 
fallen leaves among the heavy timber. The gnarled 
and twisted branches of the trees look as cheerless and 
as desolate as the gray sky above them. They have 
had their fill of summer with its tides of yellow sun- 
light and whispering south winds. Soon they must 
bend and sway before the icy blast from the north; 
but their roots will grow downward, deeper down into 
the dark earth, making it impossible for the stormy 
winds to dislodge them. Are we rooted and ground- 
ed in the faith, so that we are able to withstand the 
storms of life's winter? 

it is the way of all things. The dead leaves are 
buried now beneath the snow, only the blackened 
trunks of the trees remain to remind us of autumn 
glories; the children that have played in their shade 
and gathered acorns, are grown old, — some have 
passed away, — but the trees remain. 

What do you do with your lost joys, your thwarted 
purposes, your dead hopes and past sorrows? They \ 
are strewn thickly over the days of the year now end- i 
ed, you can gather them up and treasure them if you 
will. Better let them He where they are, let the snows \ 
of this winter bury them out of sight, as well as the i 
leaves, let the dead year bury its dead. 

" It is useless to mourn for the leaves that have fallen V 
When the rude blasts of winter sweep over the plain 

But the gleam and (he glinter of autumn and winter 
Will be followed by summer again and again." 

New joys await you, hopes will bud and blossom 
into fruition, and greater courage and new enthusiasm 
will achieve your purposes. Jesus said, " My Father 
worketh hitherto, and I work." Every day there is 
something that he wants you to do for him. If you 
leave it undone the days will bear with them the record 
of your failure. Never forget, that each day brings us 
nearer to things that are unseen and eternal, while 
changes and death are written on the things of this 

Covington, Ohio. 

\ dur 

or - 
the 1 



by tc 

of B 

of th 
are s 
be m. 
new ( 


and h. 
It is • 
fore h 

Whether the gospel accounts of the star which the 
magi saw refer to a phenomenon wholly miraculous 
or to one which can be explained by known physical 
laws is a question that will be answered according to 
one's theological views on the subject of miracles in 
general. A scientific view of the possible physical ex- 
planations of such a star is presented by Garrett P. 
Serviss, the writer and lecturer on astronomical sub- 
jects, whose conclusion, however, is that the mystery, 
so far as science is concerned, " remains unsolved." 
Writing in Everybody's Magazine (December) he 
says : 

" That natural phenomena of a conspicuous char- 
acter, when appearing at considerable intervals of 
time, are readily forgotten by the majority of mankind, 
is proved by the continually recurring wonder excited 
by the successive reappearances in the evening sky o 
the planet Venus. These reappearances are separated 
by intervals of only 584 days, and Venus remains vis- 
ible as a gradually brightening evening star during 
several months at a time, and yet invariably, when she 
approaches her most brilliant phase thousands of ex- 
cited people take her for some novel celestial phe- 

" For this reason the planet Venus plays a part in 
the Star of Bethlehem tradition. Notwithstanding the i pr0S pj 
ostensible exactness of the Christian era, the date of tat j on 
Christ's birth is not certainly known within four years, '' n j s oa| 
and it is entirely possible that, when the birth occurred, . t ], e wa 
the planet Venus may have been nearing her brightest J q oc j ;, 
phase as an evening star. To the magi traveling unto a j 
across the desert toward the west she would have ap- ' j t occ 
peared every evening shining with extraordinary splen- ! w jvj pr 
dor in the direction of Palestine, seeming to lead them||f u [ . n „ 
on their way and growing brighter as they approached./ jj, ,1 
If their arrival in Palestine coincided nearly with the; quent | 
period of her inferior conjunction with the sun, she! en T 
would be at her brightest when they neared the moun- anc | j ns 
tains of the Holy Land, wauld seem early in the even- j;,^ a( 
ing to touch the near-by horizon where Bethlehem lay J pare( j v 
as if to indicate to them that there was the end ofkNjot fa 
their journey, and very shortly after their arrival!^,,. a 
would disappear from the sky, being swallowed in the j n q' £ 
overpowering rays of the sun. The nature of Venus|h; s CO n 
might easily have been unknown to the ' Wise Men.) B„ anc j 
Their wisdom was doubtless of a speculative, meta- lnc i an 
physical, and mystical character, which would readily.the evet 
accept as miraculous an unusual phenomenon that w } ]0 wa 
seemed to have some special relation to themselves. tare seer 

" Another well-known hypothesis explains the star^t anc i , 
of the magi as what astronomers now call a tempo-i e steem 
rary star. The public mind has been familiarized with'houses ; 
the subject of temporary stars since the outburst oiever ten. 
the extraordinary one that appeared in the constella-the eye, 
tion Perseus in the opening year of the twentieth cen- which 
tury, and which is called, astronomically, Nova Per- nd all 1 
sei. That was by far the most brilliant temporariie will c 
star that the eyes of men had beheld in three centuries^vill hav< 
but it was greatly inferior to another star of its clas^n all hi 

winch burst out in the year 1572, in the constellation 
Cassiopeia, and which is frequently spoken of as Ty- 
cho s star because it was most assiduously observed 
during the entire period of its visibility by the Danish 
astronomer, Tycho Brahe. 

"Tycho's star was, without exception, the most 
magnificent on record, at its best outshining Venus in 
her most brilliant phase, and the suggestion was long 
ago made that this might be identical with the Star 
of Bethlehem. This theory, if correct, would imply 
that Tycho s was not a true temporary, but a periodical 
or variable star. To support the theory of identity 
appeal was made to certain not every definite records 
of the appearance of new stars in the same quarter of 
the heavens where Tycho's had been seen, and on the 
basis of these it was shown that the star in question 
might shine out at intervals of about three hundred 
and fifteen years. If this were true, an apparition 
would have been due in the supposed year of Christ's 
birth, and considering all the circumstances— the ig- 
norance of the times, the popular love of marvels- 
such an appearance could easily have given rise to 
the tradition of the wise men's star. 

" About the year 1887 Tycho's star was looked for 
and if it had actually appeared, strong confirmation 
would have been afforded to the theory of its periods 
But it did not come, and has not been seen since • and 
astronomers, even if they accept the possibility that it 
may some time burst out again, have no data where- 
by to predict the time of its reappearance. 

" The Possibility, in a general sense, that the star 
of Bethlehem was a temporary star may be admitted 
without undertaking to identify it with any of the stars 
of that kind that have been recorded. These objects 
are so erratic that no prediction concerning them can 
be made, and no astronomer can tell where or when a 
new one may appear. So the mystery of the Star of 
Bethlehem, so far as science is concerned, remains un- 
solved."— -Literary Digest. ■ 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-January 2 . ,904. 



For we walk by faith, not by sight.— 2 Cor. 5: 7. 
] The young Christian, when he embraces Christ, 
i turns his back upon the world, its vanities, and sinful 

pleasures. He announces it as an object of trust 
j and hope; he leads a new life; he travels a new path. 

It is the path of faith. He knows not what is be- 
j fore him in the present life, whether sickness or health, 

prosperity or adversity. Clouds of darkness, of temp- 
I tation and trouble are sometimes made to arise in 
' his path by the enemy of his soul, to discourage him in 
j the way he has chosen ; yet he pursues. The Word of 

God is his constant, best companion; it is a light 

unto all his goings ; by it he cleanses his way. Though 
jit occupies much of his time, so that many think it 

will prove his ruin, yet he. finds it exceedingly help- 
)ful; nay, he would not be without it for all the world. 
In the midst of his labors and sufferings, he fre- 
quently enjoys rich foretastes of the happiness of heav- 
en. These are refreshing to his soul, strengthening 
and inspiring him with zeal for the Lord of hosts. His 
light afflictions he reckons are not worthy to be com- 
pared with the glory of which he has had a foretaste. 
Not knowing what shall befall him from hour to 
hour, and from day to day, he goes forward, trusting 
in God, to whom he has committed the keeping of all 
his concerns, soul and body, for time and eternity. 
By and by he finishes his course; he has kept the faith, 
md an abundant entrance is administered to him into 
he everlasting kingdom of Jesus Christ The man 
vho walks by sight, looks only at the things which 
ire see?., and which, of course, are temporal. He looks 
t and regards the things of earth as worthy of his 
steem, of his love, of his labor, of his sufferings, — 
louses and lands, power and renown, and whatso- 
ver tends to supply the lusts of the flesh, the lust of 
lie eye, and the pride of life,— these are the objects 
> which he directs all his prayers, all his purposes, 
nd aH his toils ; he lives for these, and, if necessary, 
e will die for them. He puts faith in nobody. He 
ill have bonds, and seals, and witnesses for all and 
1 all his transactions. He will not trust the Al- 

^'tinUr 7 °[ WS C ° nCen,S ' bl " "»»*«• ttem 
all himself. He asks no favors at his hands; if i„- 

kl , ft,, f "'■„" 3 ? y time PUt UP a P etition t0 God. 
it is that he will ask nothing of him 

How different with the man of faith. He sees 
everything on earth and realizes its value It is 
enough for him that the things are temporal. He 
values them simply as they bear upon eternity. He 
looks at the things that are not seen, which are eter- 
nal ; his soul, and whatever tends to inform and purify 
it; Ins Savior, and whatever will advance his cause 
on the earth; his God, and what will glorify him 
heaven, and whatever will help him 0,1 his way thither ; 
hell, and what will enable him to escape it He looks 
at man as a fellow-traveler to eternity, to the judg- 
ment puts a generous confidence in him, and labors to 
benefit him temporally and spiritually. His thoughts 
his words, his actions; are all regulated according to his 
eternal interests. A man must live before he can 
walk. So it is spiritually. He lives a life of faith 
in the Son of God. Hence it is not difficult to walk 
by faith. Man is but a sojourner here. His citizen- 
ship is in heaven. He is a denizen of immortality 

Faith ,s the foundation of things hoped for, the con- 
viction of things not seen. Faith becomes a founda- 
tion on which hope builds the glorious temple of fu- 
ture happiness. The spies who brought an evil re- 
port of the land of promise walked by sight They 
saw nothing besides high walls, the number of inhabi- 
tants, the gigantic Anakini. Not so Joshua and Caleb 
lliey saw only the promise, and the power of the 
Lord God of Israel, which they believed was sufficient 
to bring it to pass. While the former perished with 
those who believed not, they, walking by faith, entered 
the goodly land of Palestine and possessed it for an 
inheritance forever. 

In the days of Casar Augustus there were many who 
saw in the Redeemer only the babe of Bethlehem the 
carpenter's son, the Nazarene, the man of sorrows 
the crucified malefactor, and who dreamed of a tem- 
poral restoration of the Judean monarchy. These 
all walked by sight. Others beheld in him the mighty 
God, the .everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace, the 
Messiah, the desire of all nations, the Lamb of God 
the Son of God, the King of Israel, who looked for a 
spiritual kingdom that would fill the whole earth, 
whose dominion should be forever and ever. These 
all walked by faith, and according to their faith even 
so was it done unto them. By faith the good old Sim- 
eon took up the child Jesus in his arms, and said, 
" Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace! 
for mine eyes have seen thy salvation." By faith 
the friends of the man sick of the palsy broke open 
the roof of the house and lowered the sick man down 
into the midst where Jesus was, and experienced his 
salvation. By faith Joseph of Arimathea went to 
Pontius Pilate and begged the body of Jesus, and laid 
it in his own sepulcher, not doubting but that it would 
be raised again according to the Scriptures. By faith 
Paul, when brought before kings and princes of the 
earth, declared boldly the Gospel of Christ and his 
hope in the resurrection of the dead. By faith the dis- 
ciples, who were in Jerusalem when it was encom- 
passed by the Roman armies, left the city and fled to 
the mountains, and thus escaped punishment in the 
overthrow thereof. By faith John Huss and Jerome 
J. Prague delivered their bodies to be burned, not ac- 
cepting deliverance. By faith Luther burnt the bull 
of excommunication and repaired to the city of Worms, 
not fearing the wrath of pope, emperor or devil. 

By faith the Pilgrim Fathers braved the fury of 
the Atlantic ocean and the violence of the savage red 
men, and planted a habitation for God in the wilder- 
ness, yea, a refuge for the children of men. 
Robinson, Pa. 

few now. 3 John g ■ ,0. Envy is a root of bitterness 
which does not scruple to crucify even the Lord of 
gory. M k And ^ tha( sKks te office 

of bishop for the sake of pre-eminence, is not fit for 
the Portion If i, is desired for the good that may 
be done for the cause of Christ, it is approved of God 
1 Tun. 3 : 1-7. 

We must not think our fiery trials strange as though 
something unprecedented had happened to us. 1 Peter 
4:12. Let us rejoice, not because of the evil, but that 
we are counted worthy to suffer shame for his name 
AC s 5 ; 4,. Let us weep and pray for those that speak 

rd;„^e s n , Godl<nowsa,i ' andwii,makeari « ht «'- 

In this world we will not solve the divine mystery of 
evil and suffering turned into the service of righteous- 
ness. What was adapted to Peter is equally appli- 
cable to „ s . John , 3:7 . Howeyer irrccon J, ab Sj . 
may seen,, Acts 4 ;2 7 . 28 is free from all arbitrariness 
on the part of God, and from all compulsion on the 
pari of man. Our troubles may he overwhelming, and 
they may spring from the very causes against which 
Paul warns us in the " nothing " of our caption. Rom 
« : 28 remains true. 

Suffering, affliction, persecution, give us a self-rev- 
elation which is indispensable. Even Jesus was made 
perfect through suffering. Heb. 2; 10. No gold is 
fit for currency without the refinement of fire The 
more stripes Paul got, the greater was his enthusiasm 
and efficiency. A wonderful lesson God has given us 
to learn; but he exemplified it in bis own incarna- 
tion. Very low and very high was the glory and joy 
and mystery of God in the flesh. To be treated as 
the filth of the world, and the offscouring of all things 
and yet be sustained by the consciousness of the in- 
dwelling Christ— this is life eternal. 

Union Deposit, Pa. 



" NOTHING."— Philpp. 2:3. 


It is worth while to study the word " nothing," as 
used by the Holy Spirit. It will purge the body of 
Christ of some ghastly, humiliating spots'and wrinkles. 
There was a troublesome Diotrephes, who loved tho 
pre-eminence, in apostolic times, and there are not a 

Again we stand on the threshold of a new year. At 
this time we hall in the journey of life, for a little 
while at least, to review the year just closed ; to pon- 
der and contemplate about the new. 

Another year has passed, and it, with all its happen- 
ings. ,s history. Its possibilities, its opportunities 
arid accomplishments are all written in the great book 
of record. 

Within the limits of the year 1003 ,„ a ny of our fel- 
low-men have left us. They have gone to try the re- 
alities of a world to us invisible. Some left us in the 
early spring, just as mother earth was about to clothe 
herself with a mantle of green; some, while the sickle 
was reaping the golden grain, were caught by the si- 
lent reaper; and still others, as the leaves of autumn 
were being wafted by gentle zephyrs, were carried to 
their last resting place. All of them have joined the 
great majority. Their work is done. The edict of the 
great I Am. " Dust thou art, and to dust thou shall re- 
turn," has in them been fulfilled. 

Thus, by observation and by the knowledge of the 
declarations of sacred Scripture, the all-important truth 
is made plain to us that we too must pass away. 

Realizing that this earth is not our permanent home, 
that our stay is but transient, it is indeed fitting to 
think of our lives— as we have lived them, of our 
standing at this moment, and of our hopes and am- 
bitions regarding the future. 

We cannot recall a moment of the past, not one op- 
portunity that is gone. Neither do we have the pres- 
ent only as it comes to us. The present represents 
but the dividing line between the past and the fu- 
ture. We are really continually standing on the brink 
of eternity. " Therefore be ye also ready " should 
come to us with all the meaning with which it was 
uttered. To be " ready " should be our first concern. 
This state can be had only by following him who has 
said, " I am the way, the truth and the life." 

As we enter upon the new year, with its privileges, 
opportunities and duties, may we begin and end each 
day with God. This is the only proper way to open 
and close the three hundred and sixtv-five days of the 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

I 1! 

May we at all times remember that there is a " Friend 
that sticketh closer than a brother," one who is ever 
ready to help us. May we believe that Jesus is the 
" bright and morning- star." Should darkness come, 
we may believe Jesus is the " light of the world," the 
light that is never eclipsed ; in storm, the anchor that al- 
ways holds; the fountain that is never exhausted. 
And last, though this earthly house will crumble, in the 
many mansions Jesus has prepared a place for us. 

3633 N- Griffin Ave., Los Angeles, Col. 



Two mother hens, each with a flock of little chickens, 
meet and quarrel. While they are picking and scratch- 
ing each other with bill and toe nail, making a great 
deal of noise and showing the worst of their hen na- 
ture, the little ones, nearly scared to death, are scat- 
tered in every direction, and are at the mercy of any 
enemy which may come along. 

Some ministers spend their time speaking evil of 
each other. While they are doing this, they whom 
they would teach, are scattered, only to be attacked by 
any enemy. The only difference between the mother 
hen and the jealous ministers is, the one may very 
easily gather what is left of her scattered brood by a 
few loud, soothing clucks, while the scattered fol- 
lowers of the other are not so ready to trust their lead- 
ers and return again to their guidance, as the little 
chicks are, by instinct, ready to trust and follow their 
mother hen. Learn a lesson from the hen and her 

Polo, Hi , , , 



Old years, are exceedingly common, but new ones 
are comparatively rare. By new years I mean those 
which really ARE NEW. A thing is not always new 
if we have never seen it before. At our first sight 
it may be as old as the hills. It is thus with the years. 
Next years may be just like the one which is passing, 
and it. in turn, was like its predecessor, and so on for 
many years back. And the one just ahead of us is 
old when it is simply a repetition of those of the 

Solomon told a truth of his time when he said, 
" There is no new thing under the sun! " He would 
have told us that then there was even no new year. 
Each year was merely a repetition of the old year, — 
the same trials, victories, joys, sorrows, problems, 
loves, hates, failures, and general experiences. Solo- 
mon would probably knock out of some persons a 
good deal of sentiment regarding new years, were he 
to write a few proverbs for their especial benefit to- 
day. He would probably also revise his statement 
about there being no new thing, or at least would modi- 
fy it sufficiently to recognize some new . things. 
Among these things is a new year. 

For there actually is such a thing as a NEW YEAR. 
Hosts of persons have not seen one, however; and 
they probably never will see one. Each year is like 
its predecessor, and therefore old. 

There are two years before us in 1904. 

They are lying side by side. 

The one year is new, and the other old. 

He who wants the new must choose .with fore- 

For there is a secret to find before the new may be 
had. Paul found its secret, and he revealed it to 

" If any man be in Christ he is a new creature: old 
things are passed away ; 'behold, all things are become 

Here is something new Solomon could not tell much 

There is nothing new outside of Christ. . 

Outside of him all is thousands of years worn out, 
and that means next year, which is therefore al- 
ready old. 

But in him all things — all, which includes next 
vear — " are become new." 

New hopes, new aspirations, new victories, new sor- 
rows, new joys, new loves, new hates, new battles, 
new friends, new enemies, new defeats, new throbbing, 
eternal life, they all belong to the new year of 1904. 
The more fully these are absent the more entirely will 
1904 be an old year to us. 

I am not speaking now to only those who see their 
sinful years as old and filthy, and who hopefully cast 
them behind for the new year in Christ. 

Some church members imagine that each year in 
Christ is just like the year that has passed, in his serv- 
ice. This is not true, for we cannot get all the new 
at once. 

We are too small, and the new in him is too great. 

If each successive year is old to the Christian, it is 

because he has stifled the eternal life in him until 

it has stopped its growth. Alas! of how many is 

this true. 

This is not God's will. He wants each day to be a 
naw day to us, and each year a new year. This is 
the Christian's privilege, and the Christian's only. 
God's ways are new to him each year, for as the life 
grows it grasps God in new ways. God's love to 
him is new each year, for as the life grows it com- 
prehends God more fully. God's voice is new each 
year, for as the life grows it hears God through new 
channels. God's face is new each year, for as the 
life grows it sees God in new forms. God's worship is 
new each year, for as the life grows it is sensible of 
new ties binding it to him. 

To the live, growing Christian, whose life has been 
set to the music of the " old, old story," there is ever a 
new year ushered in with the calendar. And were he 
to live a million years, each of which is new, there 
would lie with equal newness a million more years 
ahead of him. This is because God has new things 
without limit, which are hidden from the world, and 
the gift of eternal life hid with Christ in God, in us, 
receives of these things as we grow in spirit daily 
from year to year. 

But they are ever new because we are always learn- 
ing. And they are not old, in the sense of others hav- 
ing received 'them just as we have, for God comes 
in close touch with each soul in a way distinctly its 
own with him. In the end this distinction is marked 
with the gift of " a white stone, and in the stone a 
new name written, which no man knoweth saving he 
that receiveth it." 

So, before us is the old year of 1904. 
And the new year of 1904. 
What shall it be? 
Dcs Moines, Iowa. 



Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, 
Thou shah not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in 
danger of the judgment: but I say unto you, That whoso- 
ever is angry with his brother (without a cause) shall be 
in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his ■ 
brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but 
whosoever, shall say, Thou fool, is in danger of hell fire. 
Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there 
rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee: 
leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; 
first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and 
offer thy gift. Agree with thine adversay quickly, whiles 
thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adver- 
sary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee 
to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say 
unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till 
thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.— Matt. 5:21-26. 

Has it ever occurred to the reader that, in the 
other world, the punishment of anger shall be pro- 
portionate to that inflicted for murder? And if, judg- 
ing from Christ's own words, anger is as wicked and 
sinful as manslaughter, is it not the duty of Chris- 
tians to shun it as they shun, consistently with their 
profession, taking away the life of their fellow-crea- 
tures ? # 

And yet, with very few exceptions, are not all Chris- 
Vans given to anger as if it were a mere peccadillo? 
Do they not consider lawful and sinless their frequent 

fits of wrath and impatience? Is there not with them a 
certain lack of scrupulousness on the subject of this 
ever-abiding sin in their nature and constitution? Are 
there not even servants of Christ, ministers of the Gos- 
pel, addicted to anger as if it were a mere trifle? And 
was not that Methodist preacher right who once said: 
" Until I have ceased to know what anger is, I am 
not yet converted " ? 

St. Paul, in his epistle to the Galatians, gives us the 
two lists of what he calls the " works of the flesh " 
and the " fruit of the Spirit " ; and wrath is there cata- 
logued with " murder " and other vices known as 
" works of the flesh," i. c, as an evil the flesh is 
prone to, and not as a " fruit of the Holy Spirit," i. e., 
which the Spirit will cause him to produce who has it 
and is led by it. 

Not only Christ, but the Bible everywhere, disap- 
proves and condemns anger. " Wrath is cruel, and 
anger is outrageous," says the Preacher (Prov. 27:4). 
St. Paul exhorts us to " put off anger, wrath, malice, 
blasphemy, filthy communication out of our mouth " 
(Col. 3:8). " Let all bitterness, and wrath, and an- 
ger, and clamor, and evil speaking, be put away from 
you, with all malice " (Eph. 4: 31). Knowing how an- 
ger is most inconsistent with the spirit of acceptable 
prayer, he says : " I will therefore that men pray every- 
where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath or doubt- 
ing " ( 1 Tim. 2:8). And St. James admonishes us to 
be " swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath; for the 
wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God " 
(1:19, 20). And our Lord, in his first command- 
ment, declares: "Whoever shall be angry with his 
brother shall be liable to the judgment. And if anyone 
say to his brother, Rascal or Reprobate (for that is 
the meaning of ' Raca '), he shall be answerable to the 
criminal court. And if any one say, Madman, he shall 
be liable to the fire." 1 

It is plain that our Lord, in prohibiting the different 
kinds of anger, does not here prescribe the punish- 
ment either of the Sanhedrim or of Gehenna, that val- 
ley consecrated to the worship of Moloch, east of Jer- 
usalem, and where human victims were sacrificed in 
his honor. Sanhedrim and Gehenna must not, then, 
be understood literally here; they are but terms to ex- 
press the degree of punishment which must corre- 
spond with the nature of the crime for which it is in- 

But some have thought and taught, resting upon the 
interpretation of theologians, that there is an anger 
which is, so to speak, lawful, just, excusable in some 
cases, and legitimate at times and seasons. And if it 
be asked upon what authority such just, lawful and le- 
gitimate anger is founded, we are referred to our 
Lord's " own " words, " Whosoever is angry with his 
brother without a cause," implying that when there is 
a "cause" then our anger may, with impunity, be 
poured forth ! 

But the words without a cause (in verse 22), so de- 
structive of the true teacning of Christ, are an inter-i; 
pretation of the fifth century, not to be found in the ( 
most authentic copies of the Gospel. They are not 
found in the Vulgate nor in Luther's Bible, nor in 
Teschendorf's version. " It is scarcely necessary to 
insist upon this point. Every reader must perceive 
how these words are in flagrant contradiction to the 
whole teaching of the sermon. If it be only sinful to 1 
be angry without a cause, then a man may be angry 
with a cause. But who is to be the judge as to wheth- 
er there be a just cause or not?" Who is to be the 
judge of these "times and seasons"? I have never 
yet seen angry people who did not think their anger 
just, for all men believe their anger to be lawful and, 
even needful. 

No, Christ could not have used this terrible ex- 
pression " without a cause." Anger is of the devil, a 
" work of the flesh," a proof of the weakness of oun 
character. Omit " without a cause," rub it off, and! 
our Lord's first commandment remains as clear as the 
noonday sun. " Never be angry! As murder was " 
forbidden by the law, so do I, with the same strictness, 
forbid you to be angry in your heart against your 
neighbor. And still more strictly do I forbid the man- 
ifestation of this anger in words of contempt and in- 
sult; but even yet more strictly do I forbid any great- 



t-z~* *__3rv35 -.a *w*?><!' > 


er show of anger than contempt, which is the act of a 
madman, whom it is impossible to treat or regard as a 
reasonable creature." 

Is it not strange that Christ's first commandment 
should forbid anger, when the first on Sinai forbade 
idolatry? Can wrath be more mischievous than idol- 
^— worship ? the repression of anger more important than 
& the suppression of polytheism? But idolatry has not 
y done the world the hundredth part of the mischief 
which anger has perpetrated. Idolatry every- 
where pales and wanes before the effulgent light of the 
Gospel's proclamation, and, as it decreases with every 
missionary expedition, anger still continues to in- 
crease,' to pursue its disastrous, murderous work in 
human breasts, injuring health, undermining consti- 
tution, causing sorrow and uneasiness to all around 
us, "hindering our prayers," sowing discords, stir- 
ring up strifes, creating animosities, engendering feuds, 
dividing families, breaking up households, family ties, 
old friendships, brotherly love even in the very church 
of God, and creating such a hell around us as to alien- 
ate all kin, friends and associates. 

Anger is unbecoming a meek and quiet spirit. Not 
• being a Christian grace, it is the destruction of all 
Christian graces. No Christian act whatever can be 
done acceptably to God while one is incensed with the 
spirit of wrath. As St. James says, it does " not work 
the righteousness of God." It was not the wrath of 
God, but his love that redeemeth man and established 
the perfect righteousness of God on earth : hence it is 
not the wrath of man, but his love back to God and 
his love to his neighbor perpetuated with " meekness, 
gentleness, goodness, peace, longs uffering," that can 
work the righteousness of God acceptably to him. 

So the Christian " must be as his Master " who was 
lamb-like, "meek and lowly of heart"; who, when he 
was brought to the slaughter, opened not his mouth ; 
who, when "he was reviled, reviled not again; when 
he suffered, threatened not." Blessed is the man that 
keepeth this first commandment of the Master, " that 
he may have right to the tree of life, and enter in 
through the gates into the city." He is great who 
Nknows not what anger is. He is greater still who can 
control his anger. " He that is slow to anger is bet- 
ter than the mighty: and he that ruleth his spirit 
tha he that keepeth a city " (Prov. 16: 31). 
Montreal, (Am), France. 



Young men, stop, think, and weigh well the call 
that comes to you over and over. Come and enlist 
in the army of the Lord. We need your help and 
vigor to conquer sin. There was a time in the history 
of the church when its best witnesses were three 
young men of Israel, — Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed- 
' nego. In that day and age of the world they held up 
the pillars of truth in the earth, and the Son of God 
was with them and stood by them and protected them 
in that critical moment, in that hour of the three young 
men's severest test of their faith. Dan. 3:25. 

There was a time in Scotland when some of her no- 
blest witnesses for Christ were young men. Three 
young martyrs (one only seventeen years of age) 
wrote thus to their loving friends : " Our time is 
short, we have little to spare, having our sentence at 
one o'clock, and we are to die at five this after- 
noun. Good news! Christ is no worse than he prom- 
ised. Blessed be he that ever we were born to bear 
witness for him; be valiant for God. Him that over- 
cometh he will make a pillar in his temple." 

Young men. there are three blessed truths regard- 
ing you wherein God contradicts the world. 

1. The world counts the sins of youth as more ex- 
cusable than the sins of others. God, the infinite one.' 
declares them to be peculiarly aggravated. Job 13 : 26 
says: "For thou writest bitter things against me, 
and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth." 
He speaks of the sins of his youth as not easily for- 
gotten by God ; and David,' in Psa. 25 : 7 says : " Re- 
member not the sins of my youth, nor my transgres- 
sions : according to thy mercy remember thou me for 

thy goodness sake, O Lord." He fears the sins of his 
youth surely. Thoughtlessness characterizes youth; 
and thoughtlessness is unbelief; and unbelief makes 
God a liar. 1 John 5 : 10. 

-\ The world thinks there is no occasion for haste 
on your part in coming to Christ ; God expects you to 
come mi the days of your youth, for he says: " Re- 
member thy Creator in the days of thy youth." See 
what he hath done for you, how he also loved you, 
how he continually seeks your soul. Eccl. 12:1. 

3. The world says, young man, you are more likely 
to be converted if you wait till you are older. God 
says, " To-day." Heb. 4:7: Psa. 95 : 7 says, " To-day 
if ye will hear his voice." He asks you now to accept 
his unspeakable gift, Christ Jesus. Matthew and 
Zaccheus accepted the first call that came to them. 
Peter, James, John, Andrew. Philip, Nathanael and 
others came to Jesus the first day they heard of his 

Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth," says Solomon, 
" and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy 
youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the 
sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all tluse 
things God will bring thee into judgment." Eccl. 
11: g. On the other hand, hear the joyful voice of 
one who, in early youth, found salvation: " This is 
the victory that overcometh the world, even our 
faith " (1 John 5:4). L e., our knowing and believ- 
ing in the Christ of God. So writes John the apostle, 
the same who tells of " young men " who were " strong 
and had overcome the wicked one," because they had 
found forgiveness of sin and kept the Word of God 
abiding in them. 1 John 2: 14. Think well of that 
word, " Except a man be born again, he cannot see the 
kingdom of God." John 3 : 3. 

The Lord asks you to accept him at once as your 
Savior, the sinner's substitute, the sin-bearer, the bur- 
den-bearer! for he positively says, "As many as re- 
ceived him, to them gave he power to become the sons 
of God, even to them that believe on his name." John 

There is a solemn warning spoken in full view of 
the fountain of life by Christ himself who gives its 
waters to the thirsty traveler : " But the fearful," — the 
cowardly who keep away from Christ because of man's 
frown or man's favor, — *' shall have thair part in the 
lake which burnetii with fire and brimstone: which is 
the second death." Rev. 21:8. 

My dear young men, this is a time when the Lord is 
saving many of your number in a remarkable man- 
ner. The hearts of the Lord's people are reaching out 
through the medium of prayer for your salvation. 
Through the earnest prayer of the saints the treasury 
of heaven is unlocked to your soul. Come and ac- 
cept the gift. 
Glade, Pa. 



It was in Virginia during the holidays of 1879. I 
was finishing a normal course in the Friends' Normal 
School at Maryville, Tenn., when my health gave way 
and I resolved to rest awhile among some of my dis- 
tant relatives in our sister State. My first stop was 
with Eld. D. H. Plaine, at Bonsack, Va. They had 
both traveled extensively, and being fine conversa- 
tionalists I had before me constantly an open book of 
nature study and fascinating pictures of places that 
I had longed so much to visit. Another treat, to which 
many will attest, was a visit to the pleasant and com- 
fortable home of Eld. B. F. Moomaw. Whether it 
was my youthful ignorance of the vastness of our ter- 
ritory and the intellectual power that was develop- 
ing it, or that I was actually in the presence of a giant 
mind, and whose aged companion was in every respect 
his equal, only manifest in a different way, at any rate 
it was worth much to me to come in contact with such 
saintly church leaders early in my Christian career. 

Father and " Uncle Ben " were bosom friends and 
this made it more homelike. It was while on a visit 
to his son, B. C. Moomaw, at Green Forest, Va., that 
I was snowbound, and it was suggested that his 
brother-in-law, E. D. Kendig, of Augusta County, 

who was also visiting there, hold some meetings in 
their sehoolhouse down the James river and Kanawha 
canal. Buena Vista was then only a boat landing for 
packets plying between Lexington and Lynchburg, and 
by that name only existed on paper. Roanoke City 
was a tobacco market called " Big Lick." 

It was an old-time sehoolhouse near the canal where 
we were to have our first experience in revival work- 
Sleighing was good, the roadbed level and almost as 
smooth as glass, right down the tow-path. The 
people brought lamps from home for illuminating the 
house, hunted up all the hymn books that could be 
found, passed around the honors of serving as janitor, 
and so the meetings began. We agreed to preach 
turn about and found that the people called it apos- 
tolic and enjoyed the plan, There were early develop- 
ments; in fact, applications tor membership, and as 
our meetings must be of short duration, from custom 
and other considerations, we sent word to Eld. Moo- 
maw to come over and baptize them on the second 
Sunday of the meeting. lie was even then growing 
old and forty miles away from this little isolated band 
of members, ami simply replied that he could not come 
at that time, and thai it occurred to him that any min- 
ister who could preach and make converts could bap- 
tize them, Accordingly Bro. Kendig immersed them 
on the day appointed in one of the most beautiful, 
clear, sparkling streams that I ever saw. Hundreds 
were present and Bro. Kendig did his work so well 
that the cause was strengthened and many were made 
to rejoice. Soon after this we parted and to this day 
our fields of lajaor have been far apart, but those pleas- 
ant days and nights are not forgotten. 

Flora, Ind. 

DO RIGHT?"— Gen. 18:25. 


Yes, God. the Judge of all the earth, will do right. 
Me did right when he rescued Lot and wife and two 
daughters from the doomed city of Sodom. He i\'u\ 
right when he destroyed the city. He did right when 
he turned Lot's wife into a pillar of salt. God did 
right when In- led the sons of Jacob into Egypt into 
slavery. He did right when he led the people of Is- 
rael 011I of Egypt again. lie will always do right to 
all mankind. 

lie will do right to the fallen angels. He will do 
right to Satan when In- binds him and casts him into 
the bottomless pit for one thousand years. He will 
also be doing right to Satan when he lets him loose 
a little season with privilege to go out and deceive the 
nations which an- in the four quarters of the earth. 
And when Satan has gathered his hosts around the 
camp of the saints and the beloved city, God will do 
right to send fire down to devour them. And when 
the devil is cast into tlie lake of fire and brimstone, to 
be tormented day and night for ever and ever (Rev. 
20: ro), God will still be doing right. 

We may not understand all these things just now, 
hut after a while we hope to join in singing the song 
of the Lamb, saying, "Great and marvelous are thy 
works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy 
ways, thou King of saints." Rev. 15:3. 
Alvo, Nebr. 


I !■ enthusiasm makes enthusiasts, we pray for more 
of them. There is a wild and a noble enthusiasm. The 
former is dangerous; the latter a loyal gift. It is reg- 
ulated force; heart and sense combined; eagerness and 
foresight prosecuting sublime purposes. Those en- 
dowed with it are not blind to difficulties, but brave' 
to meet them; they measure dangers, recognize the 
chances of failure, but venture where duty calls, ex- 
pecting to conquer by success. There is fire in their 
bones and wisdom in their heads, and the more the 
fire burns the clearer the mind becomes : resources are 
developed as difficulties accumulate, and the " one 
chance in ten " for success is the one they expect to 
grasp, by dint of energy and skill, and usually do it. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 



In Two Parts.— Part One. 

Vanity, vanities, saith the preacher. Vanity of vanities, 
all is vanity!— Eccl. 1: 1. 

The man who gave utterance to the above declara- 
tion was, by all odds, the wisest person that ever lived 
on this earth, Solomon, king of Israel, son of Bath- 
slieba, whose wondrous beauty led David into sin of 
the deepest dye, including adultery and murder. Suc- 
ceeding his father on the throne, the magnificence of 
Solomon's establishment, the unrivalled splendor of his 
court, and his unparalleled wisdom were such as to 
excite the wonder and the admiration of the civilized 
world I 

Not even the grandeur of Babylon, termed in the 
Bible " the hammer of the whole world " — the seat 
of the renowned Gialdean empire, in its proudest and 
palmiest days of splendor and power, — could surpass 
that of the king of Israel, and the glory of the temple 
of God at Jerusalem! Next to Solomon Nebuchad- 
nezzar, king of Babylon, and the supreme ruler of 
the vast Chaldean empire, was the greatest monarch 
that ever lived. His power was supreme I He held 
the lives and property of his subjects in his hands, 
to do with both as he saw fit. 

The Bible declares that " whom he would he slew, 
and whom he would he kept alive." Daniel 5: 19. 

But, as between Solomon and Nebuchadnezzar, the 
one was a worshiper of the God of Israel, and the 
other a pagan whose incense was offered at the shrine 
of Baal. The idolater, in the pride of his heart, de- 
fied the only living and the only true God, and, for 
this act of blasphemy, his kingdom was taken from 
him, and he was degraded in being and reduced to the 
condition of a beast Daniel 4: 33. 

When we search the Divine Record we are amazed 
at the startling discovery that the man who wrote the 
book of Ecclesiastes could, under any combination of 
circumstances whatever, have been induced to turn 
away from that God who had bestowed such wonder- 
ful favors on him — such wisdom, sutti wealth, such 
grandeur, such power: who, in short, had made him 
what he was. When we open the blessed Volume of 
Inspiration and read the wonderful and eloquent pray- 
er offered by king Solomon at the dedication of the 
temple, we can scarcely realise the fact that this man — 
filled with such spiritual fervor and zeal for the re- 
ligion of his fathers — should have forsaken that re- 
ligion to " go a whoring after strange gods." 1 
Kings 8 : 22-54. No wonder that, in a general review 
of the race, we are led to exclaim with the Psalmist, 
" What is man that thou art mindful of him* and the 
son of man that thou visitest him?" Psalms 8:4. 

How truly the conduct of Solomon, in his latter 
days, confirms the divine declaration that " the heart 
is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked." 
Jer. 17: 9. Every page of human history confirms the 
truth of this divine declaration ! And yet how passing 
strange it is that with all human experience to sustain 
the truth of the Divine Volume, warning the race of 
its peril, men will, in the face of it all, chose the path 
that leads to ruin and death rather than to " strive 
to enter in at the strait gate " that conducts them into 
the blissful scenes of eternal life! Not only so, that 
thus we secure the joys of heaven when we take our 
departure from this earth, but the service of God here 
is the only service of real comfort and real, lasting 
happiness on earth. All else, like the apples of Sod- 
om, may seem beautiful to the eye, but they turn to 
ashes on the lips! O the perversity of man! it were 
indeed a hard problem to solve but in the light of 
God's Word. Here we find the key that unlocks the 
strange mystery on the nature of man ! Here we 
find it all revealed in that " the carnal mind is enmitv 
to God, is not subject to his will, neither, indeed, can 
be ! " Romans 8 : 7. 

The history of the race — from the very dawn of 
creation — confirms this sad declaration of Holy Writ. 
It is the same " old, old story " of the natural de- 
pravity of man ! and hence Satan, the archenemy 

of man, taking advantage of this natural tendency 
to evil, leads men " captive at his will." True as 
proofs of the Divine Revelation to man are the poet's 
melancholy lines : 

"At thirty man suspects himself a fool! 
Knows it at forty and reforms his plan! 
At fifty chides his infamous delay, 
Pushes his prudent purpose to resolve — 
Resolves and re-resolves! then dies — the same!" 

O the stupidity! the blind stupidity of man! 'Is 
there anything like it on this earth! Wisdom cries 
unto him aloud from the housetops, and lifts her voice 
of warning and alarm in the street, but his ear is deaf 
to that pitiful call! In the mad pursuit of worldly 
things — its wealth, its pleasures, its empty honors, and 
the glittering baubles flung at his feet, — he has no 
time, and far less inclination, to pause in the enchant- 
ing and seductive race, and to engage in the dull and 
prosy duties of religion! "How tediou^ and taste- 
less " are these things to him' in comparison with the 
gay scenes and fascinating pleasures of the world! 
How flat and stale, how lifeless, how dry and dull to 
him, the services of the house of God! How uninter- 
esting the society of the saints. Their conversation af- 
fords no pleasure to him.' No, for him the race course, 
the theater, the gay scenes of the ballroom, the saloon 
and the frivolous and godless people that he meets 
in resorts like these! Here is Satan's "enchanted 
ground " where he, that is enticed thereon, enters the 
deadly place from whose precincts few ever return. In 
its charmed air the sleep is sweet, but it is the sleep of 
death ! "Let hope forsake all ye who enter here ! " It is 
the same dread inscription, written by the gifted pen 
of Dante over the iron doors of his " Inferno" ! 

A deadly apathy, a fatal lethargy, a spiritual stupor, 
appalling as that which takes hold of the senses under 
the sleep of the deadly upas tree, holds him in an em- 
hrace that rarely relaxes its hold, and, in its spiritual 
torpor, what can rouse the soul to a sense of its fright- 
ful danger? The pursuit of wealth, of worldly honors, 
the applause of his fellow-men, these things completely 
occupy and absorb all of the time at his command, call 
forth all the energies of his being, in order that he may 
secure the success of his ambitious schemes. How viv- 
idly he realizes the stern, inexorable fact that eter- 
nal vigilance, unceasing toil, constant, unremitting la- 
bor, are the invariable price one must pay for success 
in any calling or pursuit. Look at the career of man 
who starts out in the morning of life, with the full- 
fledged and determinate purpose of securing wealth! 
To achieve his purpose he must devote every moment 
01 his time, and all the energies of his physical being. 
He must " lay aside every weight, and run with pa- 
tience the race set before him." His life must be one 
of laborious and earnest toil and rigid self-denial ! 
Like the mariner at sea he must keep his eye on this 
polar star. Nothing must hinder this one grand pur- 
pose of his life ! 

The man who has resolution and self-denial to fol- 
low out this plan, will scarcely fail to meet with suc- 
cess. He will most surely, as a general rule, be- 
come rich! Such a devotee of mammon will rarely 
fail in his purpose. By the time whereat gray hairs, 
a wrinkled skin, impaired vision, loss of hearing, rheu- 
matic joints and the other usual symptoms of senility 
give unmistakable signs of the nigh approach of the 
" sunset " of life, such a man may be pretty sure of 
finding himself rich! He will find his "iron box" 
in a plethoric condition ! Turn the massive key, swing 
back the ponderous door ! Yes, here are the evidences 
of financial success! Stocks, securities, United States 
bonds, greenbacks, stacks of yellow coin; a goodly 
wad of " filthy lucre "! scraped up, as it were, in this 
hard and bitter conflict. His heart swells within him 
as he surveys the price of his lifework — it may be the 
price of his soul- 
Kansas City, Mo. 



Let there be a hush — at least a momentary hush — 
in the rattle and din of the passing months until this 

brother has a chance to be heard. What he has to say ^ 
he can say in a breath, but he speaks as a brother 
to his brethren. Listen: "This I say, brethren, the 
time is short." 1 Cor. 7 : 29. It is the voice of brother 
Paul. He is calling again to that noisy set at Cor- 
inth. They had converted their church into a debat- 
ing club and were at war with each other on almost 
every question they had ever heard sprung. And if 
there was any homogeneity or unity there, it had shaped 
itself into one great interrogation point: Is it right 
to get married, or is it wrong? What are the duties 
of a husband? What are the duties of a wife? Must 
a widow always necessarily stay a widow? And what 
about a virgin? And dare a Christian marry outside 
of Christ? And if a Christian man or woman be 
joined to an unbelieving companion, what then? And 
if circumcision is not necessary, isn't it a mark of 
shame? And if it is allowable, what about those 
not circumcised? Shouldn't we all be alike? And if 
a slave accepts Christ, hasn't he a right, then, to run 
off and leave his master and so be free? Such a 
volley of questions being poured in upon him by the 
Corinthians in a letter brought to him while at Eph- 
esus, Paul has now betaken himself to the task of an- 
swering them " concerning the things whereof " they 
wrote unto him. 1 Cor. 7:1. And all at once, as 
if overcome with a sense of the folly of wasting valu- 
able time in dealing with such comparative trifles, or 
as if in the fear, at least, that they might mistake for 
questions primary and fundamental these questions of 
secondary importance, he raps into a sudden silence 
their noisy and argumentative mood by the unexpected 
turn he gives to his speech: " But this I say, breth- 
ren, the time is short." " All these questions about 
eating and drinking, and marrying and giving in mar- 
riage, and all these questions about circumcision, and 
slavery, and male and female, — the whole controversy 
will be settled presently ; already the axe is laid unto 
the root of the tree, already I hear the sound of ad- 
vancing footsteps, and while we are arguing these 
little local domestic matters, we may be summoned 
to the consummation of things. There will be one 
gleam of light through the air, arid in the twinkling of 
an eye the whole firmament will be filled with midday, 
and the Lord will come, the new relationship will be 
established, the new sovereignty will advene, and then, 
where will be our little questions about marrying and 
giving in marriage?" "For the fashion of this 
world passeth away!" (Versa 31.) 

And behold how, in this twentieth century, the whole 
world is turned into a Corinth! Hear the noise and 
bustle! Get away, if you can, from the fuss and 
wrangle ! The whole world has gone mad on trifles ! 
But if we have time to stop in the rush and scramble, 
and if we can hear for the noise, we shall note a strain 
of solemn awe in the echo as another hour is struck 
upon the gong of God's great clock of years. The 
year nineteen hundred three, with all its privileges, is 
gone forever. And how soon ! How swift, how short ! 
And thus, as the seasons come and go, and as 
we note the rapid succession of the birth and 
death of years, may it be to us an .occasion to halt in 
the shadow of this parenthesis of brother Paul: " But 
this I say, brethren, the time is short." Rise above the 
transitory trifles of time. If you have a wife, be as if 
you had none, put beneath you for a time the insignifi- 
cant incidentals of joy and grief, buying and possessing, 
and look at your relations to things eternal, " for the 
fashion of this world passeth away." 

" But this I say, brethren, the time is short," — too 
short to be given to sinful pleasures and selfish plans ; 
so short that worldliness (likeness to this world, the 
fashion of which passeth away) is not worth while; 
too short for impatience in the little trials and vex- 
ations which will be forgotten to-morrow ; too short to 
-grow weary and give up the fight, seeing that our 
reward is so near; short, distressingly short, for re- 
pentance and the undoing of the evils of the sinner's 
ungrateful life ; joyfully short to him whose hope and 
heart and rest and reward are on the other shore. 
May we spend to his everlasting glory and praise the 
year nineteen hundred four! 
Jasper, Mo. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January a, 1904. 




The old year now has passed away, 

The new year hath begun, 
And flowers of earth all seem to say, 

The old can ne'er return. 

The bloom and fragrance of the flowers 

Have passed with chilling breeze; 
The freshness of the summer hours 

Has ceased among the trees. 

But spring will come with brighter light— 

The flowers in earth remain; 
In proper time then heaven's might 

Will bring them back again. 

To cheer the hearts which were once sad 

Because of bleaker sin, 
The Lord will always make you glad 

And bid you welcome in. 

Then let us all, with hearts renewed, 

Resolve to leave the past — 
Leave all forbidden paths pursued, 

And seek sweet peace at last. 

With songs of praise may we outlive 

Our soul's benighted blast; 
When life is o'er, then Christ will give 

The Christian peace at last. 

— W. H. H. Fleshman. 





Some people seem to imagine that these 
creatures " — boys — are a curse to humanity. 

Of course the crusty old bachelor who hates the 
sight of a boy and the sour-tempered woman 
who imagines that when a boy whistles and 
sings he is doing it just for the express purpose of 
annoying her, never were young themselves. O, no, 
they were so angelic (?) when they were small, and 
for this reason they can have no patience with a boy. 
This would be a sorry old world were it not for the 
cheerful whistle of the farmer boy as he pours out 
his joys and his sorrows thus to the birds, the brook 
and the green trees of the wood ; or for the city and 
village boy as he comes down the street whistling mer- 
lily and swinging his skates or school books by the 

If you want to study human nature, take about a 
half dozen boys, and I assure you you will have with 
them enough to puzzle your brain until you are gray 
before you will solve the boy problem and learn all 
there is to learn about the different natures of the 

If there is any joke played on anyone, of course it is 
the " bad boy " who has done it. The boy must take 
the blame for everything. Is there no good in the 
boy's nature? Good? Indeed there is. The reason 
we fail to find it is because we fail to look for it. No 
kinder-hearted mortal lives than the boy of from nine 
to perhaps fifteen or sixteen. 

And again, you cannot find a noisier, ruder, more 
arrogant and cruel person among the tribes of red 
men in the west than this selfsame boy if 
he has not had his better nature developed and 
has always lived where people only saw his bad traits 
and emphasized them to such an extent that he has 
been made to feel, himself, that there is no better na- 
ture in him. 

Always call a boy bad and he begins to think there is 
no good in him and he tries to become notorious as a 
bad boy. But I do think it is easier to make a bad 
boy good than it is to reform a self-willed, proud, 
ugly-tempered girl of twelve or fifteen. You will not 
agree with me in this, perhaps, but I have had the ex- 
perience, and in all cases I would far rather have a 
bad boy in my school than a real bad girl. 

Appeal to the better nature of the boy, show him 
you- love him. take an interest in that in which he is 
interested to a certain extent; but turn his interest, in 
everything to making him better. 

Ofttimes he will unconsciously do as you wish, simp- 
ly because you have tried to. show him you are inter- 
ested in that in which he is interested, and before you 
both know it he is over on your side. 

You must study the likes and dislikes of the boy; 
and often it takes a long time to " break the crust " 

which hides the true boyish heart and the finer feel- 
ings within. 

A Sunday-school teacher must study the boy if she 
wishes to do him any good ; but she is at a greater 
disadvantage than is his day-school teacher who can 
study him five days in the week, or his mother who 
has him the seven days, for she can have him only 
one. Yet she must take every opportunity to meet 
him on week days. A successful teacher must study 
her boys more than she studies the lesson she has 
to teach. 

If he is interested in bugs and flies, do all you can 
to help him find out more about them. If he is a 
stamp gatherer, help him to get new stamps. If he 
cares more for dogs, be sure that you pay lots of 
attention to his dog. Talk dogs, tell dog stories, 
show him dog pictures and be a dog enthusiast your- 
- "If while with him. 

If you are in school and his dog happens to fol- 
low him to school, do not abuse the dog and scold 
the boy, but give the dog a loving pat and the boy 
permission to go care for him. 

I pity the boy whose parents will not allow him to 
have any pets. Let the boy have a dog, rabbits, or 
some pets which he likes on condition that he is kind 
to them and takes proper care of them. 

A lady once asked the mother of four boys why 
they were so gentlemanly, courteous and kind while 
her one boy made more noise, was less courteous and 
very illtempered. The mother of the four boys re- 
plied : " I saw they were growing up to be unkind 
and selfish, and I decided that I would sacrifice on 
other things and get each of them some pet to care 
for. Johnny was a lover of dogs, and he got the 
dog. Bert cares for the canaries, Jack for the rab- 
bits and little Rob for the doves. No injured dog is 
kicked and cuffed by them, and no birds are cruelly 
slain, simply because they are taught to care for their 
pets and thus learn to love them. Try it and see if 
it is not true." The other lady did try, and she al- 
ready sees an improvement in her boy. 

It also keeps the city or village boy nearer home, 
for he has an interest at home and cares more for his 
pets than to spend his leisure moments out with other 
boys who have not had kind training and who are 
consequently cruel to every dog or cat they come 

Bring out the best there is in a boy. Give him 
books and papers which will help him to be kind. 

Every home where there are boys should have in 
it the four books of animal biographies — " Black 
Beauty," " Beautiful Joe," " Dickey Downey," and 
" Pussy Meow." " The Strike at Shapes " is also a 
very good book to teach kindness to animals; and the 
boy who is kind to animals will be kind to father, 
mother, sister, brother, and when he gets old enough 
for a wife he will be good to her, unless he is a rare ex- 
ception to the common rule. 

Someone has said, " To learn a man's true character, 
learn what his cat thinks of him." 

If you see a man's horses jerk back from the man- 
ger every time they see their master enter the barn, 
you can imagine the trials that man's wife and chil- 
dren have. If the cat runs away in fright when he 
comes near, just mark it down that he is not a very 
good-tempered husband and father. 

Then help the boys to cultivate kindness, and pity 
the man, young or old, who had not the proper train- 
ing when a boy and knows no better than to abuse 
dumb animals and humans. 

twenty-five garments, five hoods, etc., to the Indiana- 
polis mission, and twenty-two garments, etc., to the 
Kansas mission. We donated $1.50 to a sister, $5 
towards building the Indianapolis church, and $2 to 
the Brooklyn house. The total amount paid out dur- 
ing the year is $18.09, an( l tne to * a ^ amount received 
$21.47, leaving a balance of $3.38. On Dec. 10 the 
society was reorganized with sister Frances Crill as 
president. Lizzie Albright, Sec. 

North Manchester, Ind., Dec. II. 


A woman came to Mr. Carr at the close of one of 
his Bible readings and said; "You told the truth to- 
day. My husband is an infidel, but he did respect 
Christianity a little, until one night I took a character 
in a drama played in our church. That night I lost 
my grip on my husband. I am afraid I shall never 
get it again." 

The church that resorts to broom drills, and dramas, 
and mum socials, and fairs, and festivals to raise mon- 
ty, is without the faith that takes hold on God. Fa- 
thers have lost their grip on wayward sons, mothers 
have lost their grip on unconverted daughters, the 
church has lost her grip on God. Down on her knees 
in sackcloth and ashes before him who drove the buy- 
ers and sellers out of the temple, let such a church 
plead with God for mercy, promise to forego all world- 
ly measures of money-making, and regain the lost 



The sisters of the Rock River church organized 
a sewing society Jan. 15, 1903, under the name of 
" Sisters at Work," which was suggested by our eld- 
er. Wc meet at the homes of the members of the 
church, and consider all the sisters members. By the 
call of the president, we have had eleven meetings, 
sent two boxes, one to the Brethren Mission, Chicago, 
containing one hundred pieces, and one to the Kansas 
City sufferers, containing three hundred and thirty- 
five pieces. 

One quilt has been quilted, about thirty balls of 
carpet rags sewed, a number of garments made and 
considerable mending done. 

Cash to the amount of eighteen dollars and thirty 
cents has been received. 

We are now supporting an orphan in India. 

Martha B. Lahman, Sec. 

Dec. 16. 



Religious Telescope says: England has hit 
upon a new " way to save men and make a nation." 
In the last thirty-five years, forty-five thousand chil- 
dren have been taken from the overcrowded British 
cities and transported to Canada. These are the home- 
less waifs, from which class crime of all kinds is nur- 
tured. U is said that for every child sent to Canada 
last year, there were five applications pending with 
the societies that were engaged in the philanthropic 
work. As, a consequence, the English lovers of hu- 
manity, knowing how well the children are cared for 
in their new homes, advocate sending them to their 
American possessions in far greater numbers. 


The west branch of the Sisters' Aid Society of 
North Manchester church was organized Dec. 3, 1902. 
During the year nineteen meetings were held, with 
an average attendance of sixteen, or a total attendance 
of three hundred and three, the collections amounting 
to $13.69. The society made six comforts, one of 
which was sold for $1.50. We also made and sold 
aprons, a prayer covering, a quilt, and did some other 
work. Fifty-three yards of material, twenty-one rolls 
of patches, fifty-five worn garments, along with other 
things were donated to the society. The society sent 

A XhWTON, (Mass.), young lady saw a peculiar fea- 
ture in a church in a Maine town which she visited re- 
cently. Hearing the cooing of a dove, she looked 
around and saw a white dove perched in the organ and 
listening to the music with great appreciation. She 
learned afterward that the dove had been a regular at- 
tendant at church for eight or ten years, being at- 
tracted bv the music, of which it was very fond, 
was twelve years old, and was the pet of a lady who 
lived near. After church the dove was taken to the 
Sunday-school class by a boy, and seemed to enjoy 
the proceedings. Unlike many churchgoers, the 
weather made no difference to the dove, but every Sun- 
day, summer and winter, he was at his post on the 


i«t JSKML;MUi?>a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1904. 






Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L. Mu-lbr, Illinois, 


H.C. Early, Virginia, 

ASttmtt/ Commit. 

I ]. H. MooRH, - Office Editor 

Grawt Mahan, Associate Editor 

I Jos. AsuCK, • Business Manager 

yt, W. R. Dt<Ur. Edrard FrnnU. 

rAll business and communications intended lor lire paper should 
Iressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and not to 

ny individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

Six persons were recently added to the church at 
Ridgely, Md. 

Bro. J. G. Rover is engaged in a ten-day Bible in- 
stitute at Girard, 111. 

Bro. D. Victor Long, of Fairplay, Md., has changed 
his address to Hagerstown, same State. 

A revival at New Enterprise, Pa., closed with thir- 
teen accessions to the church by confession and bap- 

The district mission board of Northeastern Kansas 
has decided to locate a minister in Kansas City, per- 

The usual comments on the Sunday-school lessons 
will be resumed next week. The prayer meeting out- 
lines will also be continued. 

Bro. W. R. Deeter is engaged in a protracted meet- 
ing in the Upper Twin church, Ohio. The services are 
well attended. 

En. in recent accessions to the Painter Creek church, 
Ohio, are reported as the result of a well-attended se- 
ries of meetings. 

The interesting series of meetings, in the Rock 
Run church, Ind., conducted by Bro. P. B. Fitzwater, 
closed with fourteen accessions. 

The series of meetings recently held at Topeco, Va., 
resulted in six applicants for membership. Five of 
the number have been baptized. 

The Brethren are engaged in an interesting series 
of meetings in Morrill. Kans. "Several have comcout 
and requested baptism. Some have also been restored 
to fellowship. 

In keeping with our custom, the Brethren held reli- 
gious services in the Elgin church on Christmas morn- 
ing. The attendance was good and all of those pres- 
ent seemed to appreciate the services. 

Bro. J. E. Metzger. our traveling secretary, called 
at the House last week, after spending some months 
in Virginia. He says every place he goes he finds 
the people greatly pleased with the Messenger, and it 
is only occasionally he finds a man who does not want 
the paper. He says he never enjoyed a trip so well 
as he did the recent one in Virginia. 

•' The Book he Books," by Win Evans, is the title 
of a valuable work just arranged for by the Gish Fund.. 
It is a neat, cloth-bound volume of over 200 pages, and 
contains more compact information on the history of 
the Bible, where the Bible came from and how it was 
made, than any one book that has ever come under 
our notice. Here you will find the history and de- 
scription of the different leading manuscripts, along 
with an account of the different translations made and 
die best methods of studying the Sacred Volume. It is 
just the book needed by our ministers, and, for his 
own personal use, will be sent to any preacher in the 
Brethren church for the cost of postage and packing, 
twelve cents. Order at once. It is too valuable a 
book for you to be without another week. 

We wish to impress on all of our newly-elected 
ministers and correspondents the fact that the ap- 
pearance of a newly-elected ministers name in an item 
of church news, published in the Messenger, is not 
proof that the name has been entered on the Ministe- 
rial List here in the office. It is not one time in ten 
that a church correspondent will give the address of 
a newly-elected minister when reporting the election 
for publication. Scores think that because their names 
appear in these reports they of course are entered 
upon the list. But before entering any minister's 
name upon the list we must have his address. Let 
all of our ministers look over the Ministerial List in the 
Brethren Almanac.for 1904, and those who do not find 
their names in the list will please write us. 

down into the baptismal stream. In full faith he 
came from the watery grave, resolved to live faithful 
until death. In time temptations came and he per- 
mitted himself to be led away from the people of God. 
Years have gone by. He has had a sad experience. 
He now sees his mistake, and only wishes he could re- 
call the past. But he cannot. He still loves the 
church, and longs for the time when he may be per- 
mitted to resume his fellowship with those of like pre- 
cious faith. 

This leads us to say that the members who become 
separated from the body do not always lose their love 
for the church of their choice. For a time their love 
may be held in check. It only needs to be rekindled, 
and this thought should induce us to never cease to 
labor and pray for the restoration of such as may have 
wandered away from the fold. We may look upon 
a disowned member as a lost brother. He may be 
away from the fold simply on the account of tempta- 
tion. He may not have meant to do wrong. In weak- 
ness he was overcome, and is now one of the Master's 
lost sheep. 

Were the Master here-he would probably leave some 
of the large and well-fed congregations and go in 
search of the lost sheep that were once connected with 
the flock. Can any of us be induced to take the place 
of the Master, hunt up the lost sheep and bring them 
back into the fold? Along this line there is work for 
some one in almost every community. 

THE YEAR 1904. 

Some of our ministers are laboring under the im- 
pression that they are entitled to the Messenger for 
one dollar. How they ever got that idea we cannot 
imagine, as no such information has ever been given 
out through our columns. The uniform price of the 
Messenger to everybody, ministers and all, is $1.50 
per annum. It is only in case the paper is donated 
that it may be had for one dollar. We quote this 
very low rate to those who wish to furnish the poor, 
the unconverted and some others with the paper at 
their own expense. But the regular subscription price 
is $1.50. By adding 25 cents each subscriber may se- 
cure a copy of "Eternal Verities." Ministers, who 
have not yet received a copy of the book are entitled to 
it under the Gish Fund for 19 cents, and when they 
send the 19 cents at the time of ordering the paper, 
they should mention the fact that they are ministers 
of the Brethren church, and that their names may be 
found in the Almanac. 

The demand for the biography number of the Mis- 
sionary I ~isitor was greater than was expected. All 
were printed that the law would allow us to print. 
A supplement will appear in the February number and 
all will then be supplied. 

The Bible institute at Mt. Morris opens Jan. 9 and 
continues until the 18th. A good program has been 
arranged, and each of the ten days during the insti- 
tute has been set apart for a special' work. Write 
the college for program. 

Within the last two months ten have been added 
to the church near Liberty, 111. Bro. D. M. Bru- 
baker. the present elder in charge, may possibly be 
induced to remain with the congregation another year. 
He has a unanimous call to do so. 

X'we are in receipt of a short letter from Bro. Sam- 
uel Murray, who now resides at 244 South Ritter Ave., 
Indianapolis. Ind. He has seen ninety-eight Christ- 
mas days, and should he live until next April he will 
start in on his ninety-ninth year. At this time he is not 
far from being the oldest preacher in the United States. 

The third chapter of Paul's first letter to Timothy, 
Twentieth Century translation, published in this is- 
sue on page ten, is likely to put a number of people 
to thinking. It should be read by every elder, preach- 
er and deacon in the Brotherhood. In fact, every 
Messenger reader should study the chapter. We are 
told in unmistakable plain English just what kind 
of men church officials should be, what kind of wives 
they should have and how they should govern their 
children. Were this part of the Gospel strictly lived 
up to, there might be considerable thinning out in 
some sections. Then, why should not church officials 
be brought up to the highest possible standard? But 
candidly, what did Paul mean when he wrote that 
the presiding officer in a congregation, as well as his 
assistants, "should have been only once married"? 
Or. has the translator, who at times exercises a good 
deal of liberty, woven some of his own notions into the 
translation? As a whole the translation is a remark- 
able one. and if strictly adhered to would upset some 
old notions. -^— ^— ^^^_ 


We are in receipt of a good letter from a man who 
was at one time an earnest member of the church. 
He writes that a more earnest member never went 

With considerable anxiety we enter upon the work 
of another year. We do so without knowing what is 
before us. We know something of the past, but, prac- 
tically speaking, we know nothing of what awaits us 
as the weeks come and go. We enter the year in faith, 
relying upon faith, and this faith teaches us that God 
fills all the future as he has filled all the past. The mo- 
ment we penned this thought the whole future seemed 
one great beam of light. By faith we see God every- 
where and in everything. And so long as we have this 
faith we can move forward in our work, realizing 
that everything is lighted up by the ever-present God, 
and that where he leads we can follow with perfect 

In our work for the year we have the written Word 
for our guide. We have used it in the past, and now 
have more use for it than in any previous period of 
our editorial experience. We have studied the Book 
for years, but correctly to follow the footsteps of the 
Master, with the Messenger, we must study the Bible 
more and more. From the sacred pages we have 
gleaned hundreds of lessons, but as we close the work 
of 1903 and enter upon the labors of 1904, it seems to 
us that we are just getting down to the most valu- 
able portions of this heaven-born literature. With this 
feeling we undertake to bring out another volume of 
the Messenger. 

Our purpose is to give more encouragement and 
more light. As the light comes to us we shall give it 
out to our readers. In this work we shall not be alone. 
There are other editors on the staff and then our cor- 
respondents are numbered by the hundreds. Putting 
all of our efforts together, we hope to make the Mes- 
senger a power for good in the world. Our prayer is 
that the coming volume may be the very best that has 
yet been put out by the House. To this end we shall 
labor, believing that the prayers of nearly one hundred 
thousand earnest people will be offered up in behalf 
of the paper and those who help to make it what it 
should be. 

As we glance at the future we are impressed with 
two important considerations. First: We should, as 
far as possible, make our religion more practical. We 
not only want to live better lives ourselves,, but we 
should help others to live better, and then do what we 
can to make this world more pleasant for the people 
wdio need our aid. The crying need of the world to- 
day is men and women who are thoroughly Christed ; 
men and women who live fully up to their profession. 
Were this the. rule in every congregation in the Broth- 
erhood, we would need few revival meetings to induce 
people to. come to the church. There would be a re- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

vival the whole year through. The light coming from 
Ihe church would be so strong that sinners everywhere 
would cry out. " Men and brethren, what must we 
do ? " When we get down to making our religion real 
practical, this will be the result. Every brother will 
take a look at himself and consider how he can help 
God to make a better man of him. The sister will 
look at herself and pray God to make a better woman 
of his. handmaiden. Then a hundred thousand people 
will be looking around for chances to help make those 
around them more happy, and before the year is half 
ended thev- will be surprised at the scores of little 
opportunities to do good that never occurred to them 
before. A year or two of this kind of living, without 
much extra preaching, might more than double our 

Second: Our religious claims are too good, and 
too much in keeping with the New Testament teach- 
ings, to be kept at home. We ought to carry our 
claims to every part of North America. We ought to 
have congregations in every country and in every town 
in the land. There ought not to be a community where 
the Brethren and their gospel principles are unknown. 
Then we should reach out to other nations. This we 
must do if we purpose filling our mission upon the 
earth. We claim to be a people having the whole Gos- 
pel for the rule of our faith and practice. We should 
be able to back up our claims by our works. A peo- 
ple who fail to carry the pure Bread of Life to those 
within easy reach should not talk too long and loud 
about obeying the whole counsel of God. 

With these two considerations in view it occurs to us 
that we have a wonderful work before us for 1904, a- 
' work the importance of which no one will venture to 
call in question. We wonder how many of our read- 
ers, in full faith, can enter with the Messenger into 
this far-reaching undertaking? We trust that a full 
hundred thousand will be with us, pray for the work 
and labor to that end. That number is none too 
many, for there is plenty for each and all of us to do. 
Brethren, pray for us most fervently during the year 


Fob some weeks we have been considering princi- 
ples and methods, and now we wish to call attention 
to the harmony of methods. We need not discuss the 
harmony of principles, for God, being the author of 
principles, has given us such as must necessarily har- 
monize. Principles are fixed. They remain the same 
through all generations, and it is our highest duty to 
understand and respect them. 

Methods, however, change, especially those that are 
brought into existence by man. And while we have a 
right to adopt, amend or even dispense with them, 
within reasonable limits, there should be some con- 
sistency about the character of those agreed upon, as 
well as about their use and purpose. In this line of 
work the harmony of methods should never be lost 
sight of. On record there are a number of New Tes- 
tament methods. As far as practicable these should 
be woven into our manner of service, for it must 
be evident that men inspired by the Holy Ghost would 
have the better wav of doing things, and the more we 
study their methods, along with the fixed gospel prin- 
ciples, the better shall we be prepared to keep the 
church as the Founder of Christianity designed it 
should be kept. 

in the minds of some it is a question as to whether 
methods should be local or general. It is safe to as- 
sume that those of general application should be 
adopted with their general use and purpose in view. 
To illustrate: There ought, as far as practicable, to 
be a uniform way of conducting a love feast. Then, 
when members visit from one congregation to another, 
thev will feel more at home and get more spiritual 
good out of the service. This might also be said of 
the preaching services. There are no good reasons 
for mere congregational methods in matters of this 
■ character, but there are reasons why there should be 
a general understanding among us regarding the best 
and most appropriate way of conducting a feast, as 
well as the most helpful and edifying manner of con- 

ducting our preaching services. All this can be done 
without running into lifeless formalism. And when 
the church does deem it advisable to recommend, or 
even insist upon a uniform manner of carrying out 
the institutions of the Lord's house, let all the congre- 
gations unhesitatingly fall into line and thus insure 
harmony in the use of the methods recommended. 

This harmony of methods may apply to the election 
of church officers, the ordination of elders, the organiz- 
ing of churches, the granting of letters of membership 
and church work of like character. We do not see 
why it may not apply, so far as necessary, to the car- 
rying out of the principle of nonconformity to the 
world. Why may there not be a harmony in our 
methods along these lines? In living a life separate 
from the evils and pleasures of the world there ought 
to be some kind of an understanding between us, es- 
pecially for the benefit of those who may be weak in 
the faith. 

Respecting nonconformity to the world, we find peo- 
ple who have the principle so thoroughly fixed in 
their mind and soul that they practically need the as- 
sistance of no method, and yet they are ready to fall 
in with any method that may prove helpful to the 
cause. Thus it should he with all the members of 
the church. When a plan of putting into execution a 
gospel principle is agreed upon, let there he unity, 
let there be harmony, and in due time we are certain 
to have harmony in our methods. If it is deemed 
wise to change or modify a method of carrying out 
a gospel principle, let the change be made so as to 
apply to the whole body : that is, the method ought to 
be of general application. When this is not done, 
friction is almost certain to follow, and we thus fail 
to secure the harmony that should prevail. Some 
years ago the conference was rather restrictive re- 
garding" the places where baptism might be admin- 
istered. In parts of this country it was found too in- 
convenient always to go to a running stream to ad- 
minister the rite. The decisions gave more or less 
dissatisfaction, and in time had to be amended so as 
to meet certain necessities. 

Just now we have another question pending that 
will probably be disposed of next spring. We refer 
to the likeness question. The purpose of the deci- 
sions years ago was to avoid what then appeared to 
be an evil. Some thought it fostered pride, while 
others looked upon it as having the appearance of 
image worship. The Conference did the very best 
it knew for the time, and took what some regard as 
rather a rigid stand, but later it became evident that 
the methods agreed upon could not be generally en- 
forced. The public sentiment of the church under- 
went a change, and now there is a demand for some 
modifications in the decisions on that subject. The 
Conference .has as good a right to consent to mod- 
ifications as she had to make the decisions in the first 
place. Everything of this character pertains to meth- 
ods. We make changes to suit the conditions, a thing 
that is both lawful and reasonable, and in no manner 
affects principles. But it is important in the mak- 
ing of these changes that we stand together so as to 
have harmony in our methods. And to the extent 
that we can thus secure uniformity in our methods 
of doing things, to that extent will we be able to main- 
tain harmonv and avoid friction. 

We have 'reached a period in the history of the 
church when we should study methods for two rea- 
sons. In the first place, there should be just as few 
methods as possible, and, in the- second place, those 
adopted should be the very best. When the New 
Testament methods are clearly given we should adopt 
them Wherein it becomes necessary for the church 
to introduce methods. let us be certain that they will 
meet the demands in every part of the country where 
they are intended to apply. At best, all our methods, 
whether adopted by a congregation or a conference, 
are human and have their limitations, hence the ne- 
cessity of the utmost care in adopting and enforcing 
'them' But such as are adopted should be heartily 
' accepted and carried out in good faith, and then we 
shall have harmony in methods, and as a people we 
can be of the same mind, and the same judgment, and 
all speak the same thing. 


A matter that will require the early attention of our 
Conference is a better method of procedure on the 
part of the Committee on Credentials. This because 
more recent decisions on qualifications of delegates 
give the committee increased labor and this works a 
hardship on committee and delegates alike. 

Last year the committee held its sessions in a small 
building. The delegates were admitted singly and 
carefully examined as to their qualifications to serve. 
This required much time and a crowd of delegates 
stood at the door waiting their turn. Some of our old 
brethren were compelled to Stand an hour on the damp 
ground and then went awaj without opportunity to 
present their credentials. The writer appeared at the 
door six times and found so many wailing each time 
that he went to attend to other more pressing duties. 

We arc a long-suffering, uncomplaining people and 
endure much before asking (or a change, but that a 
change is needed, is, we believe, apparent to all who 

were compelled to wait so long last year before being 
able to present their credentials, some even serving 
without having bad that opportunity. 

Then, too, the present plan is apt to wound feelings. 
Some years ago a brother who had served on the 
Standing Committee was afterward elected to repre- 
sent his church. He had the misfortune to lose his 
certificate and was not permitted to serve. There 
should be some flexibility; about rules of this kind. 
There is not a brother or sister in our Fraternity who 
would claim to represent a church that had not ap- 
pointed them. The published list Of delegates is a 
sufficient safeguard at this point. Inflexibility on a 
p„i„t of this kind may destroy love and confidence 

Ihe committee is also burdened with the interpre- 
tation of the .ninnies of Annual Meeting and this places 
a hardship upon it. The views of the Committee de- 
termine the qualification of delegates. It has occurred 
that delegates have been rejected upon points not cov- 
ered by decisions of Conference and feelings wounded. 
Faithful brethren, true to the principles of the chinch 
and desirous to see them carried out, have been wound- 
ed by the working of our present plan. Nothing so 
quickly destroys confidence as to show a lack of it. 
If you mistrust a man he will mistrust yon. If you 
show that von trust him it begets a like feeling 1.1 
hin, and where confidence is mutual there is a sure 
foundation for friendship and love. 

The writer believes that a better plan than the pres- 
ent may he adopted, ami the following is suggested. 
Let certificates, signed by the clerk of the church, he 
given to the delegates appointed. A declaration should 
be added setting forth that the appointee is in sympathy 
with the principles of the church and that he is carry- 
ing them out in his life. This to be signed by the dele- 
gate. The certificates might assume a form something 

llulsar. India, March m, 1904. 

Be it known that 1, Renchord »|J»»te aASS 

exemplify them in my life at h ° m £. ignlid , R(!nchor d. 

Delegates coming to the Conference with certificates 
of this kind, or something similar would at once be ac- 
cepted by the Committee on Credentials and but little 
,, m , be consumed. In case a delegate had lost Ins 
certificate one should be furnished him and h.s s g- 
nature should be accepted and be be allowed to rep 
resent the church by which he was appointed. 

Some committees may be too exacting and some too 
lenient. The proposed plan places the delegate on 
his Christian honor and integrity and relieves the com 
mittee from censure on either side. D. U M 

THEN AND NOW.— Number One. 

" Then." 

I ,„ not sure, bu, it occurs to me that I wrote an 

article once before, using the above title, and if so, I 

m lite sure I will not repeat the thoughts then ex- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

w n n ssssss 

pressed. The subject matter of what I now have in 
mind to say, came to me only a short time ago, while 
over in the College Chapel, talking with God, being led 
by Eld. James A. Sell., of the Advisory Committee of 
the Juniata College, in the presence of the students 

It may seem strange that such thoughts should arise 
while in the act of praying, but it is one of our inti- 
mate ways of associating with our Heavenly Father. 

The " Then " refers to times away back, when I was 
at the large end of my teens and verging toward, if not 
into manhood. A few of us boys took a notion that we 
would like to widen out a little educationally, by tak- 
ing a stride beyond the then established common" 
school studies, of reading, writing and arithmetic, into 
the then almost unknown branches of education, geog- 
raphy, algebra and grammar. They "were the uncom- 
mon studies, because men could not be found to teach 
these higher branches — and lady teachers were entirely 
out of so high a range. Had there been a few such, the 
boys would have refused to go to such women and 
the men would have been afraid to marry them, as they 
would not have known what to do with a wife of so 
much learning. But we soon got a taste for the new 
stuff, and others caught the same liking, and slowly 
but surely the dry bones began to shake — and take on 

With a smattering knowledge of these new things 
some became teachers, and after teaching a few years, 
we began to learn that we did not know anything, and 
a desire followed to get an education. But where 
would we go? There were, away off, as it seemed to 
us, a few academies and seminaries. But they were so 
far from our posibilities, seemingly, as far as the east 
is from the west, that it almost frightened us to think 
of such an undertaking. But as the dry bones that 
had taken on some flesh began to walk and talk, things 
began to change so much that a few of us were al- 
lowed to go to these schools long enough to prepare to 
teach in these common schools, and thus be enabled 
to get at least some of our money back that was so ex- 
travagantly squandered. And we became teachers, 
and to be a teacher was an honor to be desired, because 
teachers were expected to know a great many things — 
and comparatively did — more than teachers now do, 
because, educationally, a teacher was farther ahead 
of his fellows than teachers now are. 

About this time the Spirit of the Lord laid hands up- 
on a number of us, — we were born again, and as we 
grew in the new life, our scope of vision, spiritually as 
well as intellectually, was enlarged, and we saw men 
as trees walking. Our concern for the church's wel- 
fare grew intensely, and a new problem opened be- 
fore us. 

That education was a good thing we were fully 
convinced, but when to get it and not to be deflected 
from the religious faith that had became so precious 
to us, we knew not. W« noticed that ministers of the 
other churches were, as a rule, liberally educated, 
which seemed to give them quite an advantage over the 
ministers of our own church, especially in the dis- 
cussion of subjects about which we differed, and it 
was plain to be seen that if we were to maintain the 
truth, as we believed it, we must have educated men, — 
men who could stand in defense of the truth by being 
able to read and understand the languages in which 
the Scriptures were written. But we did not have 
such men. It is true, we had a few such men among 
us — very few indeed — and some of these had so little 
knowledge of these languages that it was practically 
of no use to them. 

While the need of more educated men among us was 
apparent, the " how to get them " was all in the dark. 
The desire for a higher education became so strong 
on the part of the members' children, that some of them 
determined to go to schools and colleges away from 
home. Some went to Methodist schools and became 
ministers in that church. Some went to Baptist col- 
leges and by the time they were through with their 
education, they were Baptist ministers. Others went 
to Presbyterian, Lutheran and Reformed schools, with 
similar results. . Out of the whole number that went 
and took graduate courses in these schools, not a 
single one, to our knowledge, returned in the faith of 

the church, and became an efficient worker in our own 
ministry. Thus, for years, the very cream of our 
young men of talent was lost to the church. 

To those whose minds and hearts were opened to 
the true conditions of things, this was an alarming 
truth, and all over the Brotherhood were found some 
awakened souls who determined that these conditions 
must not continue. There must be a change, or the 
church, which we believed to be the ground and pillar 
of truth, must take a back seat, and utterly fail in its 
great mission, that of saving the world for Christ. 

In closing this part of our subject, this " then," iet 
us see what we had. First, the membership was small, 
and almost entirely confined to the rural districts. The 
membership was made up almost entirely of elderly 
people, as it was not customary for our people to join 
the church until after they were married and settled 
down in life. As a result our ministers called were 
elderly men, uneducated and unprepared, and in too 
many cases, after their time of usefulness was past. 
But that they did exceedingly well considering their 
possibilities and opportunities, must be admitted by all. 
Much of the preaching was done in barns and school- 
houses, only on the Lord's days, and at intervals of 
four, six, eight and sixteen weeks. No series of meet- 
ings, no prayer meetings, no Sunday schools, no Bible 
classes, no schools of our own, no missionary so- 
cieties, no young people's meetings and no mission- 
aries in home and foreign fields. Look at this con- 
dition of things during the week, and then ask your- 
selves, what the "now" would be, had there been 
no change. Next week we will look at the " now." 

H. B. B. 


[The Twentieth Century New Testament proposes a 
translation from the original into modern English. The 

reading is interesting, though we cannot say that we alto- 
gether approve of the style. But to give our readers 
some idea of the rendering we shall publish Paul's First 
Letter to Timothy, giving one chapter each week. Com- 
pare it with the Authorized Version. — Ed.] 


V. — Qualifications for Church Officers. 

Any one who aspires to be a Presiding-Officer in 
the Church is ambitious for a noble task. The Pre- 
siding-Officer should be a man of blameless character ; 
he should have been only once married ; he should live 
a sober, discreet, and well-ordered life; he should be 
hospitable, and skillful in teaching, and not a man ad- 
dicted to drink or brawling, but of a forbearing and 
peaceable disposition, and not a lover of money ; he 
should be a man who rules his own household well, and 
whose children are kept under control and are thor- 
oughly well-behaved. If a man does not know how 
to rule his own household, how can he take charge of 
the Church of God? The Presiding- Officer must not 
be a recent convert, for fear he should be blinded by 
pride and fall under the same condemnation as the 
Devil. He must also be well spoken of by outsiders, 
for fear he should incur censure and so fall into the 
snares laid by the Devil. 

So, too, Assistant-Officers should be serious and 
straight-forward men, not given to taking much drink 
or to questionable money-making, but men who hold 
the deeper truths of the Faith and have a clear con- 
science. They should be tested first, and only ap- 
pointed to their Office if no objection is raised against 
them. It should be the same with women. They 
should be serjous, and not gossips ; they should be 
sober and trustworthy in all respects. Assistant-Of- 
ficers should not have been more than once married, 
and should be men who rule their children and their 
households well. Those who have filled that post with 
honor gain for themselves an honorable position, as 
well as great confidence through the faith that they 
place in Christ Jesus. 

t am writing this to you, though I hope that I shall 
come to see you before long ; but in case I should be 
delayed, I want you to know what your conduct ought 
to be in the Household of God — I mean the Church 
of the Living God, the pillar and basis of the Truth. 
Yes, and confessedly the deep truths of our religion 
are wonderful ; for — 

' He was revealed in our nature, 
He was proved righteous in spirit, 
He was beheld by angels, 
He was proclaimed among the heathen, 
He was believed on in the world, 
He was taken up into glory." 



Does the New Testament grant any one the right to 
marry again while he or she, as the case may be, has a 
living companion? 

For years the Brethren Conference had this ques- 
tion under advisement, but now it is settled. It is a 
fixed principle in the Gospel that a man shall have but 
one living wife, and the woman but one living hus- 
band. This was the principle in the beginning. God 
made one woman for the man he formed. Abraham, 
Jacob, David, Solomon and others, for some reason, 
were permitted to vary from this fixed rule, or prin- 
ciple. Christ endorsed the principle, the fundamen- 
tal rule of marriage — one man and one living wife, or 
one woman and one living husband — and recognized 
but one exception. This exception will be found in 
Matt. 19:9, and reads thus: "And I say unto you, 
Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for 
fornication, and shall marry another, comrnitteth 
adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away 
doth commit adultery." 

Our people, in open conference, were thoroughly 
united on the fundamental principle in marriage, but 
debated for years about the one exception named in the 
Scripture quoted. In 1898 the Conference decided to 
recognize the exception literally. So the Brethren 
church now holds, " That no divorced person, having 
married again while a former companion is living, can 
be received into the church unless it can be clearly 
shown that said companion was put away because of 
fornication." This is the way we understand the 
teachings of the New Testament. All other refer- 
ences in the Gospel, relating to the divorce question, 
must be interpreted in view of the exception designated 
by Christ in Matt. 19:9. This is the only excep- 
tion to the one fundamental rule, recognized in the 
written Word. So it will be seen that there might be 
instances, few and far between, where a person could 
lawfully marry again while a former, but divorced, 
companion is living. 


A story conies to us that may admit of wide ap- 
plication. A young girl, piously inclined, wishes to 
join the Brethren church. She has read enough in the 
New Testament, and heard enough earnest and in- 
telligent preaching to understand her duty, but her 
parents are persistent in opposing her. They not only 
endeavor to persuade her to abandon the idea of com- 
ing to the church, but by means of costly presents 
try to turn her away from the most noble purpose of 
her life. All they can do will not satisfy the girl. 

The Brethren in her locality hardly know what to do. 
They do not want to get the ill will of the parents, 
and certainly they should not discourage the girl. Of 
course the parents have authority over their daughter 
so long as she is under age, but when they stand out 
against the religious convictions of 'their child they 
are assuming a very dangerous attitude in the sight of 
God. It might be well for some careful members to 
visit the parents and reason with them concerning the 
purpose of their daughter. In this way they may be 
induced to accede to her wishes. But if they will not 
consent, it would not be wise to force matters. The 
girl should be encouraged to remain true to her con- 
victions, hoping and praying that the time may come 
when she will be permitted to unite with the people 
she has learned to love and respect. 

What we here say need not be applied to a special 
case. All over the country there are parents who are 
opposed to their young children becoming members of 
the church. Now and then those who belong to the 
church are unwise enough to discourage a child that is 
under conviction. Such parents could not well make 
a more serious mistake, and the time may come when 
they would be only too glad to repent of their folly, 
and undo the wrong done to the soul of their off- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

General Missionary and Tract Department 



S. F. Sang up. 

Illinois I H. C. Early, 
Indiana | A. B. BarnhART, 
John Zdck, Iowa. 


Address all business to 
Oeneral Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, 111. 

All things are possible to him who believes and trusts 
and works where he sees an opening to help some soul 
in some way. 

<•> <S> «> 

The evangelization of the world, that is the work which 

Christ committed to his church, and it is one in which all 

who are truly his will have a part. 

<?> <s> <S> 


There are not very many of our number who do not 
know what they should do to advance the cause of Christ. 
This being so, it seems strange that as a body we have 
come so far short of our opportunities. When we com- 
pare what has been done with what might have been 
done there is cause for discouragement, for not a tithe 
of the possible has been accomplished. But when we 
compare what we are doing with what^was being done a 
few years ago there is great reason to feel encouraged. 
We are going in the right direction in mission work, but 
sometimes our progress seems so slow that we see little 
progress. It is good to feel discouraged, dissatisfied with 
past results, for the dissatisfaction will spur us to greater 
efforts. And it is also good to feel encouraged, hopeful, 
trustful, confident of ultimate success. 

What is our feeling at the beginning of the year, and 
what do we propose to do? There is a difference of opin- 
ion as to the work of the past, some thinking that too 
much attention has been given to one field, and some 
to another. But in fact not enough has been given to 
any. It is not to be expected, and perhaps it is not de- 
sirable, that all should see alike in this matter, for not all 
look from the same standpoint. We all look at the same 
thing — a world which is to be brought to Christ — and 
one sees China, another India, another South America, 
another our new island possessions, and still others other 
places. All these need to be seen, but man is so consti- 
tuted that he cannot see them all at the same time. He 
sees one, and it impresses him so strongly that he looks at 
it intently and so does not see others which are just as 
much in need of the light which comes only to those who 
have learned the way of salvation. It would be unfor- 
tunate if all saw alike in this, for if they did much of the 
world would be neglected. 

The thing to do is to get rid of the idea that the place 
which we see is the only one where help should be given. 
This does not mean that we are to cease talking and 
working and praying for it; not by any means. But we 
must learn that it is not the only place, that we are not 
the only ones who can see where help is needed, and that 
we should not seek to thwart the plans of others who are 
just as honest and earnest as we are. Our energy, our 
ability, is limited: we have none to waste in opposing any 
good work undertaken by our brethren. There is a wait- 
ing field and an open door almost everywhere. The peo- 
ple are saying come, and long ago the Master said go. 
We can. answer the summons, the entreaty; we can obey 
the command. Our ability fixes on us the responsibility. 
What are we gonig to do for missions during this year 
which is just beginning? The Lord has been very good 
to us. blessing us with much more than we really need. 
In what way will we show our appreciation? We do not 
know, and cannot know- in this world, why we have re- 
ceived so much and others so little. We cannot tell why 
our tables are loaded with the best that the earth pro- 
duces, while the tables of others are bare. Nor can we 
tell why we are daily fed to the full while so many never 
know what it is to have enough. But very little thought 
will convince us that it was not in order that we might 
consume it all to gratify our own appetites, some of which 
are harmful. There are two kinds of bread needed by 
many of our fellows, and we have an abundance of both. 
We have planned carefully just what we intend to do for 
ourselves; our stakes are set, and it will be a great disap- 
pointment if we fail to reach them. Is it less important 
that we plan for the Lord, that we decide to work for 
him and use every effort to reach the desired end? May 
he help us to see the relative importance of his work and 
ours, for when we once see that clearly we shall no long- 
er think we have done enough of his. The increase of our 
store will not then appear to us to be of so much im- 
portance. G - **■ 

Mr. J. A. Ressler, who went to India on the vessel that 
carried our missionaries from Naples, writes thus to this 
office concerning the distance to India: 

The distance from New York to Naples by the course 
we sailed on the " Liguria." through the Azores and the 
Strait of Gibraltar, was given by our log kept on ship- 
board as 4,168 miles. By a list of distances published by 
the Italian General Navigation Company we find the dis- 
tance from Naples to Bombay given as 4,220 miles or an 
entire mileage of 8,388 from New York to Bombay by 
this route. But it must be remembered that these are 
"knots" or geographical miles and that in common miles 
the distance would be about 1,398 miles more or a total of 
9,786 common or English statute miles. 

From a list published by the American Express Com- 
pany we find the distance from New York to Bombay, 
by way of London, to be stated as 9*765 geographical 
miles or 11,392 common miles. In lists of distances pub- 
lished by several other steamship companies we find the 
distance from New York to Bombay given as 9.599 ge- 
ographical or 11,198 common miles, by way of London. 
I don't know how to explain the difference but so we find 
it given and you can have your choice. 

From San Francisco to Calcutta, by way of Yokohama 
and Hong Kong, by the shortest distances I can find giv- 
en, it is about 9,145 geographical or 10,669 common miles. 
Other routes might differ from this distance somewhat 
but this is, perhaps, as accurate as you will care to have it. 
Now if you want to find out just how far you would 
have to travel from your place to Dhamtari, just find out 
how far you live from New York or San Francisco and 
add this to the distance given for the route you wish to 
come by. You must also add 754 miles for the distance 
from Bombay to Dhamtari, or 559 miles for the distance 
from Calcutta to Dhamtari. Bulsar, where the Brethren 
missionaries first located, is about 125 m>'es north from 
Bombay. You will probably want to visit them too and 
this will help you in estimating how far you will have to 

die-aged lady came out to unite with us, saying they 
wanted to be baptized. 

On Monday morning many gathered at the waterside 
to see this the first baptism ever performed by the Breth- 
ren in this part of the country. Since then we think many 
are counting the cost. We are still carrying on our Sun- 
day school with good interest and attendance. 

Now, my dear brethren and sisters in Christ, if you 
cannot come over and help us you can at least pray for us, 
and we earnestly ask an interest in your prayers that the 
good work may go on in this part of the Lord's vineyard 
and that those who have started may not falter by the 
wayside. May God's blussings rest on all the dear breth- 
ren. F. M. White. 

Dec. 14. 

<$ * <!> 


The board met at Lovewell, Kuns., Nov. 28 to complete 
the program for this year's work. Bro, A. C. Daggett, of 
Covert, Kans., was selected to go to Denver, Colo., to 
conduct a series of meetings. On uccount of lack of funds 
this was all the response the board could give at present 
to the calls for a missionary. 

Arrangements were completed for keeping Bro, T. E. 
George in the mission field during the year. He is to 
travel by private conveyance, visiting every isolated dis- 
trict. All calls for his services should be sent to T. E. 
George, Quinter, Kans. 

We expect to find all of our brethren and Mstcrs inter- 
ested, and hope to have the funds in our hands at an 
early date to successfully carry on the soul-saving work. 
All donations and assessments should be *enl to the treas- 
urer, C. A. Ball, Rydal. Kans. 

This year's plan of work is ;i new one. and will be our 
first experience with a missionary at work the 


<2> ■» ♦ 

On Sunday, Nov. 29, we began meetings in our new 
churchhouse, conducted by Eld. Geo. C. Carl, of Ncwberg, 
Oregon. He preached each evening until Saturday, Dec. 
5, at which time we met at 10 A. M. for church council. 
All business was transacted in the spirit of love and union. 
Eight members were received by letter and one was re- 
stored to fellowship. Two letters were granted. We held 
our love feast Saturday night. Thirty-five members sur- 
rounded the Lord's table. 

■ The house was crowded beyond its seating capacity, but 
the best of order prevailed throughout the services. Bro. 
Enoch Eby was with us several days and gave much en- 
couragement to the meetings. Sunday morning, Dec. 6, 
at 11 o'clock, Bro. Carl preached the dedicatory sermon. 
We had a members" meeting Sunday afternoon, and Sun- 
day night, at the close of the services, we had a scene of 
rejoicing, when eight precious souls came out on the 
Lord's side. Monday night one more made the wise 
choice, making nine received by confession and baptism. 
The meeting closed Tuesday night. Bro. Carl preached 
twelve good gospel sermons. Good impressions have 
been made and we trust the good seed sown may bring 
forth fruit to the glory of God. We have much to be 
thankful for, and our prayer is that God will continue to 
bless the efforts of his people. We now have thirty-six 
members at this point. Our house is built with a base- 
ment, which is to be fitted up for Sunday-school class 
room's, library and reading room. One brother has lived 
here for twenty-five years and is now enjoying in part 
what he has been praying and laboring for. Six of his 
children now belong to the church. This is a goodly land 
and should be taken for the Lord. We will be glad to 
welcome others among us who are willing to work and 
live according to the Master's instructions. D. M. Click. 
Tekoa, Wash., Dec. 14. 



! year. 

Charles Sloniker, Sec, 

Burroak, Kans., De 


" The 
Of the 

The Northwestern Christian Advocate well says: 
decline of the custom of family worship is one 
gravest dangers that meets the church in our day, for re- 
ligion is not something 10 think about merely in the 
church or on special occasions, but always and every- 
where. Nothing helps so much to make religion a reality 
to the child, and therefore to the man, as daily worship in 
the family. It makes the father a true priest and hallows 
the very atmosphere of the home. Many a father, if his 
children would apeak what is in their hearts would he 
asked a question similar to that of the little girl who one 
day said to her father. ' Papa, is God dead?' The parent 
was shocked at the question. At last he said: ' My child, 
why do you ask such a question as that? Don't you 
know that God isn't dead?' ' Why. I thought, papa, that 
God must be dead, for you don't auk him any more to 
take care of us as you used to.' It is thus that parents 
train their children to skepticism. They are acting as 
though God were dead, or else that it didn't matter much 
whether his blessing were invoked or his aid asked." 
<S> <S> <$ 

Referring to the anointing, according to James 5: 14, I 
feel impressed to tell what the Lord has done for me, 
About the middle of last August I was stricken down 
with paralysis and was totally disabled on my right side. 
I was not able to move a finger or foot. Prayer was 
made in my behalf, and I called for the elders and was 
anointed in the name of the Lord, and the Lord raised me 
up according to his promise. In a very short time the 
use of my limbs was restored again, to the astonishment 
of those who saw me and also to the surprise of the doc- 
tor who attended me. To-day I have the full use of my 
two limbs, except that I am still lame. But I can meet 
with the brethren and sisters in the house of the Lord, to 
enjoy his services every Sabbath, for which I praise him. 
Although I am still weak and feeble in body, from other 
diseases, I am trusting in the Lord's promises, fo 
docth all things well. Praise his 

name forever. 

Wm. N. Clemmer. 

Since my last article appeared in the Gospel Messenger, 
my heart has been made very glad. I have received sev- 
eral letters in regard to the article, also in regard to the 
work here at this place. Two precious souls have united 
with us. The writer, while on a visit to his home at 
Fruitdale, Ala., prevailed on Bro. M. M. Ennis to come 
with others and hold a love feast for the benefit of Bro. J. 
D. Smith and family, and then there were many wanting 
to see the Lord's supper observed as we understand the 
Scriptures. Bro. Ennis and wife and my little daughter 
came from Fruitdale and Bro. Williams from State Line, 
Miss., making nine in all participating. We had the best 
of order and many were there to see. All said they never 
observed anything like it. On Sunday after Sunday 
school Bro. Ennis preached a very touching and instruct- 
ive sermon. Many in the audience were seen weeping, 
and when he gave the invitation a young man and a mid- 

Lanaik, III., Dec. 15. 


George Muller, in 1895, said: "Prayer and faith, the 
universal remedies against every want and every difficulty; 
and the nourishment of prayer and faith, God's holy 
Word, helped me over all the difficulties. I never re- 
member, in all my Christian course, that I ever sincerely 
and patiently sought to know the will of God by the 
teaching of the Holy Ghost, through the instrumentality 
of the Word of God, but I have been always directed 
rightly; but if honesty of heart and uprightness before 
God were lacking, or if I did not patiently wait upon God 
for instruction, or if I preferred the counsels of fellow- 
men to the declaration of the Word of the hving God. \ 
made great mistakes." 

* jmrt /^vu-;! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

"At cold w.tot to . thirsty »oul, 10 Is good j»w » Irom » lar country, ' 

Balch.— I moved to this place about a year ago. Dtir- 
inn last winter there was not very much work done lor 
the cause of the Lord, but on April 5 «« organized a . 
Sunday school at what is known as the Johnstown school- 
house with writer as superintendent. The following bun- 
day Bro. B. E. Keslcr came and preached for us. Since 
that time I have been preaching at this place every fourth 
Sunday night. Last night Bro. Ira P. Eby preached a 
soul-cheering sermon. Before we organized the Sunday 
school there had not been services of any kind here tor 
two years or more. About two years ago a preacher was 
rotten-egged at this place. Some of our friends tried to 
discourage us. Sunday school is progressing nicely; have 
made it an evergreen Sunday school. One dear sister has 
come out on the Lord's side through the influence of the 
Sunday school and was buried with Christ in baptism. 
To-night I am to fill an appointment for Bro. Eby at the 
Cooper schoolhouse, about fourteen miles northeast 01 
here.— Frank Gochenour, Balch. Ark., Dec. 14. 

Prowers church closed a three weeks' scries of meet- 
ings Dec. 6, which was conducted by Bro. C. A blank, 
assisted by brethren Ellenberger and Ullom, all home 
ministers. Two made the good confession and were bap- 
tized Nov. to. We feel very much encouraged. We now 
number twenty-five.— Mary Norris, Prowers, Colo., Dec. 


Hurricane Creek.— On Thanksgiving day the members 
here met for public worship. Eld. M. L. Hahn conducted 
the service. A sister who had previously applied to be 
restored was received back into the church. Bro. Hahn 
continued the meetings from the Sunday following. Bro. 
Allen Taylor came in a few days and assisted. Eld. W. 
S Toney. from Walton, Ind., also was here several nights 
and preached. A few davs since one of our deacon breth- 
ren was anointed. He was out to take part in the wor- 
ship to-day. Bro. Allen Taylor preached a good sermon. 
Yesterday a young couple were received into the church 
by baptism; one is awaiting the sacred rite; sickness pre- 
vented him from coming out yesterday. At no time was 
the congregation very large; a good deal of sickness was 
the main reason.— Cornelius Kessler, Smithboro, 111., Dec. 

Sugar Creek met in council Dec. to. Elders J. H. Bru- 
baker. Isaac Harshbarger and Michael Flory were with us. 
Eld. J. H. Brubaker conducted the meeting. The work 
of the day passed off pleasantly. Bro. B. F. Filbrun was 
ordained to the eldership and was given charge of the 
church, with Bro. J. H. Brubaker, our former elder, as 
assistant. Bro. Clias. Gibson, who has charge of the 
Cass county mission, gave a favorable report. He held 
nine meetings in the past quarter. We had services 
Thanksgiving. Bro. Chas. Gibson gave us a very inter- 
esting talk. After services a collection amounting to ten 
dollars was taken. It was sent to a needy family in Cass 
county. Our Sunday school closed to begin again the 
first Sunday in April.— H. H. Hoerner. Auburn, 111.. Dec. 


Beaver Creek congregation met in council Dec. 19. 
Owing to the inclemency of the weather, the attendance 
was small. Eld. J. Rife presided. Sunday school was 
reorganized; Bro. Jerry Hahn superintendent, Sister 
Sarah Ropp assistant, for six months. Bro. Rife preached 
four interesting sermons. — Hester Alexander, Lakeside, 
Ind., Dec. 21. 

Bremen. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. H. 
M. Schwalm. came to a close last Sunday evening. Bro. 
Schwalm preached twelve interesting and instructive ser- 
mons. We met in quarterly council Dec. 12. H. M. 
Schwalm was with us. On account of rainy weather the 
members were not all present. Everything passed off 
very pleasantly. — Jesse G. Bollman, Nappanee, Ind., R. F. 
D. No. 3, Dec. 21. 

Hagerstown. — I arrived home on Dec. 19 from holding 
meetings at Brethren, Mich. Tile attendance was not so 
good, but the interest was. This is their harvest now, as 
logging is the main industry there. The snow being about 
two feet deep, sledding is good. Good homes can be had 
cheap, and plenty of work in the vineyard of the Lord for 
all classes of workers. — Joseph Holder. Hagerstown, Ind- 
Dec. 21. 

Killbuck.— Nov. 28 Bro. H. L. Fadely, of Honey Creek, 
began a series of meetings at the Pleasant Run house. 
He preached nineteen good sermons. Owing to other 
meetings being conducted near by. the crowds were not 
so large, but much interest was manifested. — Girdie E. 
Bowers. Gilman. Ind.. Dec. 23. 

Lick Creek. — Dec. 12 Bro. D. F. Hoover came to our 
place, staying until Dec. 20. He gave us some splendid 
sermons. The congregations were not so large, but we 
feel much encouraged. Dec. 18 we held council meeting. 
Bro. Hoover presiding. Bro. W. F. Boomler was chosen 
writing clerk and the writer correspondent for the Mes- 
senger, also agent for same. A collection was taken to 
defray some expenses of the church. — Bessie Kieffaber. 
Clay City, Ind.. Dec. 23. 

Markle church met in council Dec. 19. Bro. Huffman 
presiding. All business was disposed of pleasantly. Our 
Sunday-school officers were elected for six months. The 
writer was chosen superintendent, and Sister Hinkle as- 
sistant. Our Bible union continues through the winter. 
Two letters were received and one was granted. — E. 
Eikenberry, Markle, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Mississinewa. — We closed a two weeks' scries of meet- 
ings at our Union Grove house, conducted by Bro. L. W. 
Teeter, Sunday evening. A sister who had wandered 
away was reclaimed. We expect brethren E. M. Cobb 
and D. C. Campbell to give us a course of Bible Land 
lectures in February. At our late council meeting Bro. 
S. L. Young tendered his resignation as Messenger agent 
and Bro. Carl Cruea was elected his successor. We are 
arranging for children's services on New Year's eve. — 
John F. Shoemaker, ShWclcr, Ind.. Dec. 23. 

Nappanee church met in council Dec. 17- Bro. S. F. 
Sanger, from South Bend, presided. Everything passed 
off in love and union. Ten letters were granted, The 
church decided to hold a choice for two deacons. The lot 
fell on brethren Wm. Kensinger and Chas. Reed.— a. J. 
Miller, Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Newhope.— There will be preaching at the church Sun- 
day at 11 A M. by Bro. J. J. Spall. I will commence a 
series of meetings Dec. 26 in Bartholomew county, at 
Bro. John G. Goety's. If the Lord would send some 
brother to assist in the work I would be pleased.— W. L. 
Ross. Newhope, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Salimonie.— Dec. 5 Bro. George E. Swihart, of Roann. 
Ind was to begin a. series of meetings in the Loon Creek 
house but being unable to come on said date, Bro. War- 
ren of Roann, Ind., by Bro. Swihart's request, came and 
preached for us until Bro. Swihart could come, which was 
on the evening of Dec. 7' He then preached every evert- 
ing until Dec. 23, when the meeting closed. The attend- 
ance and interest were good. The members were en- 
couraged. Four precious young souls were born into the 
kingdom and have put on Christ in baptism. — A. H. Snow- 
berger, R. R. 3, Huntington, Ind.. Dec. 24. 

Union Center church met in council Nov. 28. Bro. 
loseph Hartsough was ordained to the eldership. Breth- 
ren W. R. Deeter and Daniel Wysong assisted in the 
serv j ce ._ J. O. Culler, New Paris, Ind.. Dec. 22. 

Yellow River.— In last report from this church men- 
lion was made of sending the Sunday-school collection of 
Dec. 20 to the India mission. Although there were but 
few present, $6.04 was gathered as a result. This is the 
first missionary step of this kind for this Sunday school. 
We trust it will not be the last.— Rosa Shively, Bremen, 
Ind., Dec. 21. 

Ackworth.— Bro. Abraham Wolf, of Udell. Iowa, came 
to us Dec. II. He was appointed by the Southern Dis- 
trict of Iowa to look after the isolated members of the 
Marion County church for the bettering of their condi- 
tion. He preached four sermons. — Benjamin Erb, Ack- 
worth, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

Des Moines City.— Bro. H. R. Taylor, of California, 
formerly pastor here, preached for us Sunday. The work 
here is moving along very quietly, but not with the ad- 
vancement, visibly, which we would like to see. Church- 
es of all denominations which are working for sincere 
conversions to Christ are meeting with discouragements 
in Des Moines this winter. There are frequent expres- 
sions among their ministers of the absolute necessity of 
preaching the simple Gospel of Christ "as it reads," in 
order to do a substantial work in the city. It is com- 
mendable to the Brethren church that we have been lead- 
ers in this spirit. — John E. Mohler, Des Moines, Iowa, 
Dec. 21. 

Dallas Center.— Dec. 19 we met in council. Our elder, 
S. M. Goughnour, presided. Everything passed off in a 
brotherly spirit. One letter of membership was granted. 
Bro. Goughnour remained with us over Sunday, preaching 
two soul-stirring sermons. Our sisters' aid society was 
organized last spring; has been doing very good work. — 
Bertha W. Royer, Dallas Center, Iowa, Dec. 21. 

Harlan.— Bro. C. B. Rowe. of Dallas Center, Iowa, 
came to this place Dec. 5 and held meetings one week. 
The interest was good. The meetings were much ap- 
preciated.— Lydia Shafer, Harlan, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

Mt. Etna.— Our church held Thanksgiving services. 
A donation was taken for a poor brother. Four letters 
were granted. This makes quite an inroad on our little 
flock, one being our minister. Bro. Bailey, and wife. 
Should any ministering brethren pass through this way 
we would be glad to have them stop with us. They 
would be met by notifying Simon Arnold. Our next 
council will be Jan. 2.— Rose Johnson, Mt. Etna, Iowa, 
Dee. 20. 

Brazilton.— Dec. 19 was the day for our council, but 
owing to no business we did not convene in regular 
council. However, letters of membership were granted 
to two of our members who moved to other parts. We 
have established an appointment in Hepler once each 
month. Although the crowds are small, the people seem 
very much interested and are asking for more meetings. 
We' expect to establish another appointment soon. We 
have seven members living in and near this place. — Anna 
Miller, Walnut, Kans., R. R. No. I, Dec. 20. 

Morrill. — We are in the midst of a glorious series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro, J. J. Yoder, from Conway, 
Kans. Five came out on the Lord's side. He preached 
two nights over a week. Two husbands; one of them will 
be reclaimed; four to baptize. — Salina Kimmel, Morrill, 
Kans.. Dec. 21. 

Osage.— We met in council Dec. 19. In the absence of 
our elder, Bro. Salem Beery took charge of the meeting. 
Two were received by letter and two letters granted. 
Missionary collection, $2.22. We decided to elect our 
Sunday-school officers for one year at a time. Bro. Sam- 
uel Ulrey was elected solicitor for Old Folks' Home. 
Bro. Chas. Horner was elected Messenger agent. Sister 
Mary Neher Messenger correspondent.— D. P. Nehcr, 
McCune, Kans., Dec. 22. 

Victor.— Bro. C. H. Brown, of Navarre, Kans., came 
among us Nov. 28 and began meetings Sunday morning, 
Nov. 29, and continued until Dec. 16, making twenty-one 
meetings. The members were encouraged. — E. M. Dag- 
gett, Covert. Kans., Dec. 21. 

West Creek (Branch of the Verdigris congregation.)— 
Bro. Leaman began a series of meetings here Nov. 8 and 
closed Nov. 22. He had good crowds and did good work. 
One of our old neighbors came forward and gave her 
heart to Christ, but was called away suddenly by urgent 
business and did not get to be baptized. Her home is in 
Tennessee. We had a love feast at a neighbor's, whose 
wife was a member. There were only four men and six 
women. We had a good meeting. We took up a collec- 
tion for Bro. Leaman the Sunday that he closed the meet- 
ings, and got something over five dollars. We are greatly 
in need of a minister here, as we have no preacher at all 
now. — Mrs. Jennie Swann, Neal. Kans- Dec. 22. 
Ridgely.— The series of meetings that began Nov. 21. 
conducted by Eld. L. F. Holsingcr. of New Enterprise, 

Bedford Co.. Pa- closed on Dec. 13. Six persons were 
baptized. Our love feast was held Dec. 12. The largest 
number vof brethren and sisters surrounded the Lords 
table that ever communed since Ridgely existed. Minis- 
ters present were J. Y. King, G. S. Rairigh and L. R. 
Brumbaugh.— D. S. Stayer, Ridgely, Md- Dec. 21. 


Sugar Ridge.— We enjoyed a good Christmas service on 
Christmas day. A collection of S2.34 was taken for 
world-wide missions.— D. A. Harter, R. F. D. No. 1, 
Scottville, Mich- Dec. 26. 


Morrill.— Bro. W. H. Eikenberry. of Worthington, 
Minn , was with us a few days ago and gave us six inter- 
esting sermons, by which we were built up. We were 
sorry that he could not continue longer, because of the 
growing interest. We expect to have services on Christ- 
mas at 11 A. M.— J. C. Auker. Morrill, Minn- Dec. 23. 

St. Joseph Mission.— Bro. Taylor, of Whitesville, 
preached a sermon Sunday morning, and after preaching 
Bro. Sell, of' Plattsburg, came down to anoint Sister Gro- 
ver. wdio has been afflicted with inflammatory rheumatism 
for' several weeks. Sunday evening Bro. C. S. Garber 
talked to the children. The members are wide-awake. 
The first of the year we begin our mission work here. 
We have received several gifts already for the mission 
work here. Don't forget to save your old Messengers for 
the St. Joe mission. We can use all we can get. — Minnie 
Deal, 2018 Savannah Ave- St. Joseph. Mo- Dec. 21. 


South Beatrice.— Dec. 19 this church met i 

Our elder, Owen. Peters, look charge of the 

Sunday-school officers were elected for ensi 

Bro. William Fry was elected superintendent 

lg year. 

nd Bro. 

f membership 
R. F. D. No. S, 

Henry Frantz assistant. Eleven letters 
were granted. — Lydia Dell, Beatrice, Nebr. 
Dec. 24. 

Dayton. — Two received by letter since my last card. 
Bro. Chas. A. Bame preached for us Dec. 20 at to: 30 A. 
M.; also at 7:30 P. M. Juniors' meeting at 2:30 P. M. 
and social services at 6:30 each Lord's day.— Elmer 
Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Eagle Creek church met in council to-day. All business 
was disposed of pleasantly. Eld. E. Bosserman presided. 
It was decided to hold our next series of meetings in 
December. 1904.^-L. V. Rodabaugh, Williamstown, Ohio, 
R. F. D. No. 1, Dec. 19. 

North Poplar Ridge.— Bro. Daniel Wysong, of Nap- 
panee, Ind- began a series of meetings at this place Dec. 
5 and closed Dec. 20. We were much built up. Dec. 12 
we held our council, our elder, Bro. G. W. Sellers, of 
Bryan, Ohio, being with us. Bro. Jacob Flory was put 
in the second degree of the ministry, Brethren J. W. 
Hornish and A. J. McDonald were reelected as superin- 
tendent and assistant for next year.— Sarah M. Hornish, 
Defiance, Ohio, R. R. 2, Dec. 22. 

Palestine. — Bro. I. J. Rosenberger returned and 
preached for us on Saturday evening and Sunday morn- 
ing Dec. 19 and 20. Two were baptized since our last 
report.— Irvin Royer, New Madison, Ohio, R. F. D. No. 
2, Dec. 20. 

Painter Creek.— Eld. David Hollinger came to us Dec. 
1 and preached each evening until Dec. 24. Including the 
day services thirty instructive and soul-inspiring sermons 
were delivered. Sister Hollinger, who was also with us 
the greater part of the time, conducted the children s 
meeting Dec. 20 and assisted in the singing during the 
meetings. Eight precious souls, mostly Sunday-school 
pupils, "have united with the church. Dec. 25 Bro. Hol- 
linger gave us a very practical Christmas sermon at Fits- 
burg. Following this service a collection was taken for 
the benefit of the members of Pasadena, Cal- in their ef- 
forts to build a new churchhouse.— Levi Minnich, Green- 
ville, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Wolf Creek.— Our series of meetings at Eversole house, 
conducted by Bro. D. P. Nead, of Peru, Ind- closed Dec. 
20. Bro. Nead preached twenty-two interesting, spirit- 
filled sermons, including a sermon to the children. In- 
clement weather during part of the time was a hindrance 
to our meetings; yet all wSo attended felt amply repaid 
for enduring the inclement weather. Our Christmas serv- 
ices were held at our Eversole house. Eld. S. Horning 
preached.— J. Homer Bright, R. R. No. 4, Dayton, Ohio, 
Dec. 26. 

Guthrie church met in council Dec. 19. our elder Bro 
D. E. Cripe presiding. Part of the work done was that ot 
electing church and Sunday-school officers. Bro. A. C. 
Root was elected Sunday-school superintendent, with Bro. 
A P Neher assistant. The undersigned was elected 
church correspondent. It was decided to hold a series of 
meetings to begin Dec. 20 and to continue indefinitely, to 
be in charge of the home ministers, others to be invited as 
they should happen to be in the city. Eld. Josiah Leh- 
man and family have arrived from Missouri, having 
bought land near our city. We gladly welcome them, and 
rejoice that they have cast in their lot with us. Wc would 
be glad to welcome more of God's people among us.— 
Helen Stoolfire, Guthrie, Okla- Dec. 22. 

Omega.— Bro. S. P. Weaver, of Ames. Okla- came to 
us Dec 12 and commenced meeting the same evening and 
continued until Dec. 20, and closed with a full house. 
Four made the good choice. Wc now have eleven mem- 
bers. Four are young in years.— Samuel Lauver, Omega. 
Okla- Dec. 25. 

Pleasant Plains church came together in a called coun- 
cil Dec. 19 for the purpose of electing officers and an 
elder. Bro. H. Crist, of Hoyle. was chosen our elder. 
The writer was chosen corresponding secretary. — Henry 
Stoner, Aline, Okla- Dec. 20. 

Back Creek.— To-day a young man and three Sunday- 
school children, aged from twelve to fifteen, were bap- 
tized and one man reclaimed, the result of a two weeks 
meeting held at the Shank meetinghouse by Bro. Harvey 
J Martin. This is his first attempt to hold a scries ot 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2. 1904. 

meetings. Dec. 27 we will hold our Sunday-school meet- 
ing. We expect to organize a Christian Workers meet- 
jllg i — Frances M. Leiter. Milnor, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Big Swatara.— Dec. 14 we met in quarterly council. 
Our elder, J. H. WUmer, presided. We will now have 
two evergreen Sunday schools. Bro. Levi Mohler, of 
Dillsburg, Pa., is expected to hold a series of meetings 
for us at East Hanover house, beginning Dec. 19. — A. M. 
Kuhns, Union Deposit, Pa., Dec. 17. 

Boucher. — Dec. 20, being the Sunday before Christmas, 
we thought an extra service would be nice, so after the 
regular work we had a few of the little ones recite and 
sing. We all enjoyed it very much. Each of the five 
classes presented their teacher with a gift, and it was so 
unexpected it brought tears to our eyes. We as a church 
are getting along nicely. There is only one drawback and 
that is our home minister does not feel able to fill all the 
appointments and we are never sure of a preacher. We * 
have just finished putting on a slate roof, so we have a 
comfortable churchhouse and every two weeks service of 
some kind and prayer meeting every Wednesday. — Clare 
Wolford, Boucher, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Georges Creek (Uniontown house). — Bro. Geo. B. Hol- 
singer, of Bridgewater, Va., came to this church Dec. 8 
and conducted a singing class until the evening of Dec. 
21, spending two hours of each evenjng in teaching and 
Mnging. We feel that his work has been a .great help to 
the cause here, and hope to have him with us soon again. 
—Gertrude F. Finnell, 128 West Main St., Uniontown, 
Pa., Dec. 24. 

Harrisburg. — Yesterday one precious soul, a young 
brother, was buried with Christ in baptism in the waters 
of the Susquehanna.— J. C. Eshelman, 340 S. 14th St., 
Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 21. 

New Enterprise.— Bro. J. J. Shaffer came among us 
Nov. 21 and preached twenty-four very strong sermons. 
The weather was very cold and the meetings not quite 
as well attended at times as we might have desired. 
The meeting resulted in the addition of thirteen precious 
souls by baptism. The church was much strengthened. 
We expect Bro. Hull to begin meetings in the Snyder house 
D ec . 26. — W. H. Mentzer, New Enterprise, Pa., Dec. 21. 
Philadelphia (First Brethren Church).— All the services 
held in our church yesterday were in keeping with the 
birth of our Savior into the world. In the morning Bro. 
L. Isenberg, of Royersford, preached for us. He pre- 
sented the birth of Jesus and the circumstances connected 
with it in contradistinction to him as Lord of lords and 
King of kings. Our little girls sang sweetly some beauti- 
ful hymns commemorating the birth of Jesus. In the 
evening our pastor preached to a full house. The Christ- 
mas hymns sung were very appropriate and soul-inspir- 
ing.— Mary E. Martin, 2249 N. Sydenham, St., Philadel- 
phia, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Tulpehocken church met in council Dec. 21, with our 
elder, John Herr, presiding. All business was disposed 
of pleasantly. Several certificates of membership were 
accepted; several granted. Nov. 26 Eld. I. W. Taylor, of 
New Holland, Pa., opened a series of meetings at the 
Heidelberg house and preached thirteen practical, soul- 
cheering sermons. He had to leave Dec. 7, so the meet- 
ings were continued by Bro. Edward Wenger, of Fred- 
ericksburg. Pa., until Dec. 13. The interest and attend- 
ance throughout were good. One was reclaimed and one 
made willing to accept Christ.— F. L. Reber, Myerstown, 
Pa., Dec. 23. 

Saginaw church met in council Dec. 19. Our Thanks- 
giving meeting was fairly well attended. A collection was 
taken for mission work. Sunday-school officers were cho- 
sen for the coming year. The usual missionary collection 
was taken. Two delegates were appointed to attend dis- 
trict meeting at Manvel. We had a pleasant meeting. — M. 
C. Wrightsman, Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 21. 
Bridgewater.— Five weeks ago we left our home in Ohio 
for Bridgewater, Va. We are temporarily located here to 
send our two youngest boys to college. The school is in 
a prosperous condition. Their new building is nearing 
completion, which is needed very much. A greater per 
cent of the inhabitants of Bridgewater and vicinity are 
members of the church than any place we have ever lived. 
— L. N. Baker, Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 21. 

Howerys. — Brethren Keith and Spangler began a meet- 
ing at Stonewall Dec. 6, preaching eleven soul-cheering 
sermons. Bro. C. M. Yearout came Dec. 7 and preached 
two sermons. The church was greatly revived. The at- 
tendance was very good, considering the rough weather. — 
Mrs. Margaret Yeatts, Howerys, Va., Dec. 21. 

Madison. — Notwithstanding the cold, disagreeable 
weather, we have had a delightful series of meetings, held 
by Bro. D. B. Wampler, of Penn Laird, Va. During his 
short stay with us, a period of ten days, he preached 
twelve sermons. Four were baptized, one restored and 
others are very near the kingdom.— Hontas Utz, Port, 
Va., Dec. 19. 

Manassas. — On Thanksgiving morning we met -at the 
-Cannon Branch house in a Thanksgiving service. After- 
noon we held our council preparatory to the feast. At 
our Thanksgiving service we took up a. collection for the 
Pittsburg meetinghouse. On the evening of Nov. 28 we 
held our feast. This was a very enjoyable occasion. 
Brethren M. G. Early, I. S. Miller and M. H. Speicher 
were present from the Nokesville congregation. On the 
following morning we held a children's meeting. After 
this meeting we listened to a short sermon by M. G. 
Early. On the evening of Dec. 3 we met and organized 
a Christian Workers meeting, with E. E. Blough presi- 
dent, L. F. Nesslerodt secretary and J. J. Conner treas- 
urer. — E. E. Blough, Manassas. Va., Dec. 20. 

Peters Creek. — We met in council Dec. 19. One letter 
was recived. We decided to have two series of meetings 
in 1904; one at Poages Chapel, beginnig about the first 
• of August; the other at Peters Creek, commencing about 
the first of-September. We also decided to have a sing- 
ing conducted by Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger whenever we 
can secure his services. — D. C. Naff, Roanoke, Va.. R. R. 
N'o. 3, Dec. 21. 

Valley Bethel.— We had services Thanksgiving day. A 
collection was also taken up for missionary purposes. 
We expect to have service on Christmas day. — Vina S. 
Bussard, Bolar, Va., Dec. 16. 


Everson. — I have been a lover of the Messenger for a 
number of years, and I welcome it to my home once each 
week. I am out here, one hundred miles from any brother 
of like precious faith. I wish to ask through the Mes- 
senger if there are any members living in or near New 
Whatcome, Wash. If there are, they will do me a favor 
if they will let me know or call and see me. We have a 
grand country here on Puget Sound. If there is any 
brother passing this way, please call and see us. — Lester 
Scofietd, Everson, Wash., Dec. 21. 

Tekoa. — Since our last report the two applicants have 
been baptized. We met last Sunday and partly organized 
our Sunday school by electing Bro. G. S. Hale superin- 
tendent and Bro. J. G. Miller assistant. In our last report 
it says four letters were received; it should have read six. 
Next week our aged brother and sister, Samuel Click, also 
their son. Brother and Sister B. F. Click, leave for the 
East. — B. F. Zimmerman, Tekoa, Wash., Dec. 17. 


Goshen. — Dec. 9 Bro. Enira T. Fike came to this church 
to hold a short 'series of meetings. He preached- ten 
sermons. One sister who had wandered away returned to 
the fold.— Lizzie M. Byrd, Canaan, W. Va., Dec. 18. 

Goshen congregation met in council Dec. 19, attended 
by Bro. U. G. Sines. As Bro. Groves declined to serve 
as our elder, we called Bro. Parish as our elder for one 
year. Bro. U. G. Sines preached for us Dec. 20. The 
church at Goshen is increasing in members and in faith. — 
Anna Byrd, Canaan, W. Va., Dec. 23. 



" Writs what thou 

md It unto the churches. ' 


After a sojourn of eight months in the North and East, 
I arrived at Saginaw,* Texas, Dec. 17, and am glad to get 
back again to this mild climate. I met many old friends 
and relatives, and formed many new acquaintances, and 
saw and heard many things whereby I hope to be bene- 
fited. I tried to study the church and ministry along with 
'other things, and while I feel to commend much that is 
being done, I fear that we as a church and the ministry 
fall far below what we might — yes, ought to— be doing 
for the salvation of the world. May God help us to be- 
come awakened along that line to his glory and praise. 

I visited nearly forty congregations, meeting with most 
of them in church service in some way. Among the num- 
ber about a dozen city churches and missions — in nine 
States and Territories — and I find everywhere the cry, 
"The harvest is great but the laborers few." Spending 
Saturday and Sunday in church council, Sunday school 
and church services, I came to Kleburg, Dallas county— 
a mission point — for a few meetings. Will leave to-night 
for Manvel, Texas, to attend the district Sunday-school 
and ministerial meeting. A. J. Wine. 

Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 22. 

The annual Sunday-school convention of the district of 
California and Arizona was held in Lordsburg, Cal. 

After devotional exercises the chairman, Bro. J. Over- 
holtzer, of Colton, made an opening address, wherein he 
earnestly impressed upon all the necessity of being work- 
ers together with God. Throughout the entire meeting 
the effect of his appeal was manifested by all. 

Sister Susie Forney, of Qhanning Street mission; Los An- 
geles, taught the primary class before the audience, carry- 
ing her young pupils back to the hills of Judea, where 
they could hear the angels singing, "Glory to God in the 
highest, and on earth peace, good will to men,"— and im- 
pressing the fact that our Savior is the first and best gift 
of all. 

Bro. J. W. Clinc confined his "Round Table" to the 
Sunday-school teacher, and the sentiment prevailed that 
the Sunday-school teacher has the most responsible po- 
sition in the Sunday school and that his influence over 
his class is even greater than that of the pastor over his 

"Sunday-school Music," by Sister Nellie McVey, of 
Lordsburg, was so ably treated that the officers of the 
meeting were instructed to request the publication of her 
essay in the Gospel Messenger. 

Seven other topics were likewise discussed with much 
enthusiasm, until we all felt thai it was " good to be 

The missionary spirit seemed to predominate, and the 
entire assembly seemed to feel that we must have a mis- 
sionary worker sent to the field of India in 1904 without 
fail, hence a paper to district meeting was adopted, which 
places the power of selection into the hands of the Gen- 
eral Mission Hoard, with the understanding that the work- 
er be selected from this district, providing the board finds 
among us those who are competent for the great under- 
taking. Otherwise the choice may he from elsewhere. 

As there wns over two hundred dollars towards this 
fund paid in during the pasl year to tile district Sunday- 
school secretary, he was requested to forward same about 
the first of January, 1904, to the treasure! of the General 
Hoard, and afterwards all money received for this fund 
will likewise be forwarded as soon as received. 

We are all beginning to realize the wonderful blessings 
of heaven upon those who "give as unto the Lord," 

W. M. Piatt, District S. S. Sec. 
Inglewood, Cal., Dec. 21. 


As you enter the valley from the east you come first to 
Palisade, famous for the raising of peaches. Here reside 
four families of members; one of them, H. H. Winger, is 
a minister. Lately a brother from Kansas purchased a 
farm a little west of Palisade. 

Twelve miles west of Palisade lies Grand Junction, our 
metropolis west of the mountains, and largest city be- 
tween Denver and Salt Lake. Here Eld. W. A. Rose, of 
Kansas, lately purchased property and expects to move. 
There is a good prospect of building up a church here in 
the city, as work is plenty in the large smelter, sugar fac- 
tory, fruit packing house, cement works and many other 

Five miles northwest of Grand Junction the Brethren 
have a neat little meetinghouse where about fifteen fam- 
ilies have clustered around it, besides some individual 
members. About two years ago we found here, about a 
dozen in attendance at Sunday school and few more at 
church services; now the house is so well filled that the 
question is, raised in regard to enlarging the house. Be- 
sides the Sunday school there are two preaching services 
each Sunday and prayer meeting during the week. Breth- 
ren D. M. Click and J. E. Bryant are ably holding the 
fort here, and will soon be reinforced by Bro. A. A. Wea- 
ver, of Missouri, who has purchased here and expects to 
move soon. 

Ten miles west of Grand Junction is the growing little 
town of Fruita, in the midst of a rich fruit and agricul- 
tural district, with abundance of water as it is found all 
along the valley. Thinking it best for the cause of Christ 
that ministers do not cluster too much together, wife and 
I located here. On last Christmas day there were but 
two members here besides us two; now there arc four- 
teen families in and around Fruita who have either al- 
ready located or have purchased and will locate soon. 
Many more are expected in the spring. A very interest- 
ing Sunday school is maintained four miles from town in 
charge of Bro. Geo. Luke; here also we have regular 
preaching services. The Frutta town company have do- 
nated us several lots for a meetinghouse and we are look- 
ing forward to the time when we shall also have regular 
services in town. S- Z. Sharp. 

Fruita, Colo., Dec. 25. 


Elder Aaron Swiharl, of Tippecanoe, Ind,, died at the 
Brethren's colony, in Michigan, Nov. 5, 1903, at the age 
of 72 years, 7 months and 20 days. He went to Michigan 
about three weeks previous to his death in company with 
his son, who is interested in these lands, and for the pur- 
pose of visiting another son who is located there. 

A few days after his arrival he and his son and a land 
agent were looking over the country, when a gun in the 
hands of his son was accidentally discharged, the load of 
shot passing through the fleshy part of the son's arm. 
Bro. Aaron imagined he was the one that was shot. He 
said, " I am worse hurl than you are." lie then fell to 
the ground. He was then taken to his son's home and 
with the aid of the best surgical skill obtainable they were 
unable thoroughly to revive him. The complete exami- 
nation by the attending surgeon disclosed the fact that 
he had not been injured by a single shot, but that death 
was the result of convulsion of the brain, caused by the 
concussion of the discharge. His remains were brought 
to his home at Tippecanoe, Ind. 

Deceased was a son of Jonathan and Elizabeth Swihart. 
He was married to Mary Jane Myers Feb. 18, 1854, and to 
them were born eight sons and five daughters. Two 
daughters have preceded him to the spirit land. 

Hro. Swiliart was a great worker in the Brethren 
church, always found faithful in doing his duty to the 
church, and for many years has been a leader of the flock 
both by his word and walk in life. He has been the 
means of uplifting fallen humanity. 

In 1858 he was called to the office of deacon and in 
1863 was elected to the ministry. Three years later he 
was advanced to the second degree of the ministry, and 
in iKor he was ordained elder, which place he held faith- 
fully till death. 

No grander tribute can be paid the memory of our de- 
parted brother and leader than to say that he was an 
Ik, nest Christian brother, respected and loved by nearly 
all who knew him. This and more is said of Bro. Swihart. 
He has lived in this country about thirty years and was 
here when Walnut church was organized, and helped to 
bring it up from its infancy to the time of his death. 

Funeral services were held at the Brethren house, con- 
ducted by Bro. Samuel Leckronc, assisted by brethren 
Henry DcardorfT and George Deardorff. There were over 
six hundred people present to pay their last respects to 
their departed brother and friend. J. M. Markley. 

R. R. No. 11, Argos, Ind. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 


Our protracted effort commenced Nov. 22, by home 
ministers assisted by Bro. W- H. Miller, of Walnut, Kans., 
who took charge of the meetings on the evening of Nov. 
25, preaching twenty-three strong gospel sermons. Our 
brother's earnest efforts were appreciated by the mem- 
bership and others. Attendance fairly good and atten- 
tion excellent. As immediate results six were added to 
the church by baptism and one awaits the initiatory rite. 
Four of them were Sunday-school scholars and two the 
mothers of families. We were all made glad to see them 
make the wise choice, and were made to feel that there 
were others so near; but they could not get the consent 
of their minds at this time. We hope for others in the 
near future. 

During the meetings we had a Thanksgiving sermon by 
our brother, followed by some others giving expression to 
some things for' which they are thankful, which was en- 
couraging to all. We held a collection on Thanksgiving 
day for the poor, which amounted to $12.65. O" Thanks- 
giving night a collection of over seven dollars for Jamaica 
sufferers was taken. Dec. 4 we held a meeting for the 
purpose of electing another to the ministry, the choice 
falling on our beloved and earnest and competent brother, 
John Bjorkland, who was present and installed into his 
office at the same time. We earnestly pray that he may 
so consecrate himself that he may be able to fulfill the 
conditions laid down by the apostle Paul. 

Our communion was held Dec. 5. well attended, with 
good attention by all present, though some could not be 
present on account of sickness, but were in spirit. 

While the Messenger has been discussing the subject of 
principle and method, the membership of the Rockyford 
church, after discussing, considering and looking over 
the facilities surrounding us here, which are man-made 
irrigation ditches, man-made lakes and pools, after coun- 
seling, concluded to and did dig a baptistry back of the 
church in our church lot, making steps down one end 
and making one side of the bottom higher than the other, 
for longer or shorter subjects, cementing sides, bottom 
and steps and covering with good plank cover which is 
easily removed, then filling with artesian water, which is 
pleasantly warm as it comes from the ground. We cer- 
tainly have better facilities than we ever had here before. 
The church here has been strengthened and built up and 
still desires an interest in the prayers of God's people every- 
where, Sunday school is well attended and a lively in- 
terest is taken in young people's meetings. The best 
wishes and prayers of the Rockyford church attend Bro. 
Miller in his labors. J. E. Weybright. 

Dec. 18. 

» ♦ « 


We, a little band of God's children, went to Harrison 
to attend a council and love feast Nov. 20. We had a 
pleasant journey and enjoyed meeting with the brethren 
and sisters we had never met before as well as those we 
knew. Brother and Sister Worrell, frbm Pain county, 
met us there. The church at Harrison granted us the 
privilege of organizing. We reached home Nov. 23, and 
Nov. 25 Bro. Edgecomb came. He gave us several good 
sermons. Wc had meeting Thanksgiving day, 

On Saturday, Dec. 5, we met at Bro. A. T. Fillmore's 
and organized. Bro. Edgecomb assisted us in the work. 
Bro. A. G. Fillmore was chosen elder. Sister Nettie 
Worrell was chosen secretary. We also elected a so- 
licitor and treasurer, and the writer was chosen as corre- 
spondent to the Messenger. Bro. Edgecomb remained 
lint il Monday. Dec. 7. During the time he was with us 
he gave us fifteen sermons, which encouraged us on our 
way. Though there are but few of us in number, we 
have the promise. We will hold our regular council ev- 
ery quarter. 

We are in hopes this country will prove all right, and 
we will have a large church here. Though we have not 
had any rain for a long time, crops have done real well. 
We decided to name our church the Red River church. 

Any wanting to look at this country, let the writer 
know and we will see that they are cared for. We are 
enjoying a visit with my father, from Kansas, at present. 
We desire the interest of the Brethren in our behalf. 

Edna Cooper. 

Frederick. Okla., Dec. 9. 


Wife and I came to Baltimore City, Md., Dec. 7 and 
met with the Brethren of the Northwest Baltimore mis- 
sion in their new house of worship for over one week. I 
am glad to know that they have a number of earnest 
workers in this city. And why should it be otherwise, 
having just lately set apart a house for the worship of God 
specifically? I do not think that there is anything with- 
in, around or about the house but what is of service. It 
is nicely constructed, rather inviting, and specially noted 
for its beautiful location. Fulton Avenue is very wide; 
in the center are many lawns and parks, and in the sum- 

mer they are beautifully embellished with flowers, roses, 
green grass, etc., and on either side is a trolley Hne. I 
am sure that the brethren and sisters and friends who 
were instrumental in having such a commodious house of 
worship erected will be highly favored by the Father in 

But there is still a little over $900 unpaid, and what a 
pleasant experience it would be for us as individual mem- 
bers to lift this burden. If only the elders would intro- 
duce this matter in the right way, saying, "Now, my dear 
brethren and sisters, we want to make up twenty-five or 
forty or fifty dollars for the Northwest Baltimore mis- 
sion. This you can do so easily, if you just think so. 
Fifty members, a dollar apiece." O how easy it is if we 
just think so, and you will be all the richer for it. It 
^will be a gain spiritually, socially, morally, mentally and 
physically. How wonderfully pleasing to heaven's re- 
deemed in seeing those- helping hands here on earth. If 
no one else will, let individual members take the matter 
up, and send your donations to Bro. J. S. Geiscr, 1607 
Edmondson Ave., Baltimore, Md., and you will experi- 
ence true happiness, which is only to be realized by mak- 
ing others happy. I just wish a large number of our 
brethren and sisters could be here and see for them- 
selves. May God bless us all with an open heart. 

J. M. Mohler. 
Lewistown, Pa., Dec. 18. 


The East McPherson church, about ten miles east of 
McPherson, Kans., desires to locate a minister on an 
eighty-acre farm about eighty rods north of a good meet- 
inghouse. The farm is well improved, good buildings, 
fine orchards, etc. Land can be had joining the eighty 
if the eighty would not be sufficient for all purposes. 
Any minister desiring to change locations would be so- 
licited to correspond immediately with the brethren of 
East McPherson church. Address elder in charge. 

J. P. Harshbarger. 

McPherson, Kans., Dec. 18. 


" What therefore God hath joined together, let Dot man put asunder, " 

BORDEN— NOFSINGER.— Dec. 15, 1903, by the un- 
dersigned, at the residence of the bride's sister, Bro. J. E. 
and Sister Oma McCauley, Roanoke, 111., Bro. James F. 
Borden and Sister Cora L. Nofsinger, both of South Eng- 
lish, Iowa. S. A. Honberger. 

EIKENBERRY— TAYLOR.— At the residence of the 
bride's parents, Brother and Sister Joseph Taylor, of 
Minnesota, by the undersigned, Dec. 16, 1903, Clarence A. 
Eikenberry and Bertha Taylor, both of Worthington, 
Minn. Peter Brubaker. 

NEHER— FIKE.— At the home of Joseph J. Fike, 
Milledgeville, 111., Dec. 9, 1903, by the undersigned, Sister 
Emma Fike and Bro. S. S. Neher, of North Manchester, 
Ind. D. M. Miller. 

—••FALLEN ■ ASLEEP •••••■ 

" Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord. " 

Death Notices of Children Under Five Vein Hot Published. 

ANNON, George W., Jr., of Thornton, Taylor Co., W. 
Va., baptized into the Brethren church 1893, departed this 
life Nov. 28, 1903, aged 24 years and 12 days. He was 
Ihe son of Eld. Z. and Elizabeth Annon. Bro. George 
was a noble young man. From a child he was dutiful to 
his parents, was well beloved by all who knew him. 
His disease was typhoid fever. He leaves father, mother, 
two brothers and one sister. He was laid to rest in the 
Thornton cemetery. D. W. Kirk. 

AMMONS, Sister Charlotte R., born in Botetourt 
county, Virginia, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Slusser, 336 E. Dayton St., South Bend, Ind., in her 
eightieth year. Sister Ammons was a very devoted moth- 
er and member of the Brethren church, of which she was 
a member over fifty-seven years. Funeral services by 
Eld. G. D. Zollers and the writer. H. W. Krieghbaum. 

BECHTELHEIMER, Elizabeth, nee Stump, born in 
Wayne county, Indiana, departed this life at the home of 
her son-in-law, L. P. Jeffries, in Mentone, Ind., Dec. 12, 
1903, aged 85 years, 2 months and 20 days. She was 
united in marriage to Simeon Bechtelheimer in Wayne 
county, Indiana, in 1837, and in the year 1855 she with 
her husband moved on a farm in Franklin township, 
Kosciusko Co., Ind. Her husband departed this life April 
21, 1882. She with her husband united with the church 
many years ago. She was the mother of two sons and 
nine daughters, of whom five preceded her to the spirit 
land. Funeral preached in the Baptist church at Men- 
tone by the writer. Text, 2 Tim. 4:6. 7. 

John L. Kline. 

BENNER, Sister Leah, died at her home on South 
Side, Pittsburg, Pa-., Dec. 8, 1903, aged 41 years, 6 months 
and 1 day. Services at the house in the evening by the 
writer. Interment near her old home in Bedford county. 
Services conducted by the Brethren. Sister Benner had 
been sick for o-ver a year and a half, the last five months 
or more confined to her bed and much of the time help- 
less. She had called for the anointing and was raised up 
for a little while, but soon went back again. A husband 
and two daughters mourn her death. S. S. Blough. 

BOWMAN. E. S„ youngest son of Bro. D. E. and Sis- 
ter C. B. Bowman, met death Oct. n, 1903, while on duty 
as yard brakeman in Alliance, Ohio. Having thrown 

open the switch to leave some draft cars pass through, 
while standing on the main track he was struck by the 
fast train (which failed to whistle) and was killed in- 
stantly. He leaves a wife and three little children. His 
body was laid to rest in the Alliance cemetery, Ohio. 

Emma L. Bouser. 

CLAWSON, Sister Jean, died Dec. 9. 1903. in the 
Manor congregation, Indiana Co., Pa., aged 68 years, 8 
months and 1 day. Services from 1 Cor. 15: 44, by the 
writer. Joseph Holsopple. 

COY, Glena, daughter of Jesse and Leona Coy, died in 
the Surrey church, N. Dak.. Nov. 24, 1903, of scarlet fe- 
ver, aged 7 years, 3 months and 29 days. Funeral in fu- 
ture. None of the family could see her buried. 

Henry Frantz. 

DAVISON, Sister Cora May, died in the bounds of 
the Maple Grove church, near Oberlin, Decatur Co., 
Kans., Dec. 11, 1903, of consumption, aged 27 years, 7 
months and 21 days. She was buried in the Maple Creek 
cemetery, Furnas Co., Nebr. She was the third one of 
this family to cross over the river of death in the last few 
months. She was unmarried, being the last one of the 
children remaining at home. This leaves father and 
mother alone. Funeral services by the brethren, from 
Heb. 9:27. Mrs. Cordelia Garber. 

ESHELMAN. Bro. Harry O., died in the home of his 
parents. Brother and Sister Samuel Eshelman, in Elgin, 
111., Nov. 22, 1903, aged 20 years, 11 months and 2 days. 
For over one year he had been slowly failing from the 
disease that was preying upon his body — tuberculosis of 
the bowels. A little over two weeks before his death, 
realizing that the end was near, he sent for the elders and 
was anointed. Though young he was willing to go, and 
during his last hours longed for the time to come. He 
was buried by the side of a younger brother and older 
sister in the Silver Creek cemetery, north of Mt. Morris, 
111. Funeral services conducted in the chapel at Mt. Mor- 
ris by the writer. Text, 2 Cor. 4:16 to 5:2. 

Galen B. Royer. 

FLOYD, Mrs. Francis, wife of John Floyd, died Dec. 
'5. 1903, in Rockingham county, Virginia, aged 59 years, 
9 months and 3 days. She was burned so that it caused 
her death. On the evening of Dec. 14 she insisted that 
her two daughters attend church. Her husband also was 
away. When the daughters returned they found their 
mother with her clothing burned from her body. She 
was, conscious and said she sat too near the stove and 
fell asleep. .When she awoke sire was all aflame. She 
called for a neighbor, but could not make anyone hear. 
She died at 3 o'clock next morning. She was a member 
of the Christian church. Funeral service at Beaver Creek 
by Mr. Hinkle, of the Christian church, assisted by Bro. 
Garber. Text, Rev. 14: 13. Nannie J. Miller. 

FOLCK, Sister Martha J., daughter of Joseph and 
Catharine Heck, died in the Donnels Creek congregation, 
Ohio, Nov. 26, 1903, aged 67 years, 3 months and 28 days. 
She was married to John L. Folck Jan. 28, 1875. To 
them was born one daughter, who with her father sur- 
vives. Sister Folck united with the Brethren church over 
two years ago and lived faithful. Services conducted by 
Eld. David Leatherman. Interment at New Carlisle cem- 
etery. Hettie Barnhart. 

FOUTS, Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Fouts, of the Mexico 
church, Ind., born in Preble county, Ohio, died Dec. 11, 
1903, aged 79 years, 9 months and 28 days. She was the 
daughter of Jacob and Sarah Flora, who moved to Indi- 
ana in her childhood. In 1842, June 16, she united in mar- 
riage with Jacob Fouts. Eight children were born to 
them. Two sons and four daughters survive her. She 
united with the Brethren church in 1843 and has shown 
the greatest faithfulness. After being anointed she anx- 
iously awaited the Master's call. Funeral from Mark 14: 
8 by the writer, assisted by John Lair. Frank Fisher. 

GARA, E. F., died at Brainard, Minn., Dec. 4. 1903, 
aged 47 years, 11 months and 4 days. He was brought to 
his father's home in Cerrogordo, 111. He leaves a father, 
mother, brother and two sisters. Funeral conducted by 
the writer. David Troxel. 

GIBBLE, Bro. Samuel P., died in the bounds of the 
Spring Creek church, at Palmyra, Pa., Dec. 2, 1903, aged 
77 years, 8 months and 16 days. He was born' near Lan- 
caster Junction, Lancaster Co., Pa. He was married to 
Lydia Shenk Dec. 2, 1846, who survives with eleven chil- 
dren, three having died in infancy. Bro. Gibble served 
the church in the deacon's office for about forty years. 
He did much in building up the Spring Creek church. 
He was buried in the graveyard adjoining the Spring 
Creek house. Funeral services were conducted by elders 
Christian Bucher, J. H. Longenecker and Cyrus Bom- 
berger. Text, Philpp. 1:21, J. B. Aldinger. 

GLAZE, Frankie Harrison, son of Cyrus D. and Sis- 
ter Isidora Glaze, died at the home of his parents, seven 
miles east of Lima, Ohio, Dec. 16, 1903, aged IS years, 4 
months and 22 days. He leaves a father, .mother and 
three sisters. Funeral at the Baker church, conducted by 
the writer and G. B. Garner, of the Christian church. 

Edward Kintner. 

GRAFT, Abraham, of the Mexico church, Ind., born in 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, died Dec. 8, 1903, aged 
90 years and 14 days. His parents moved to Augusta 
county, Virginia, soon after his birth; from there to 
Prebel county, Ohio, in 1819. Here he grew to man- 
hood and was married to Anna Morningstar March 3, 
1839. Bro. Graft with his family moved to Miami county, 
Indiana, in 1S51, where he resided until his death. He 
and his good wife united with the church in 1857 and 
were faithful members until death. Three sons and his 
wife have preceded him, leaving one son and three 
daughters. His last sickness gave the greatest evidence 
of his abiding faith. After being anointed he was ready 
and only waited the Master's call. Funeral irom John 
14: 1-3 by Irvin Fisher and the writer. Frank Fisher. 

HECKMAN, Catharine, nee Brown, born in Fairfield 
county, Ohio, departed this life in Darke county, near 
Vine, Ohio, at her home, Dec. 13, 1903, aged 61 years, 8 
months and 12 days. She was married to George Heck- 
man June 3, 1864. To this union were born three sons 
and three daughters. Two daughters preceded her to 
the spirit land, — husband, three sons and one daughter 
living. Sister Catharine united with the church nine 
years ago. Funeral services by Bro. S. Z. Smith. Text, 
1 Thess. 5: 1, 2. Iva Smith. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1904. 

HOFFER, Bro. Joshua, of EHzabethtown. Pa., was 
killed by the cars Dec. 14, 1903. While on the way to his 
farm with a two-horse team he drove across the railroad 
track at Beverly Station and was caught by a train and 
instantly killed, aged 64 years, 1 month and 8 days. He 
was born in Dauphin county, Pennsylvania. He leaves a 
wife, three sons and four daughters. He was a member 
of the Brethren church for a number of years. Funeral 
services at Elizabethtown by Eld. J. H. Longanecker, 
Eld. S. R. Zug and S. 2. Witmer, from Matt. 24:44. In- 
terment at Conewago church. Mary W. Hoffers. 

KEEN, Sister Catharine, wife of Sylvester Keen, of 
South Bend, Ind., born at Goshen, Ind., died Dec. 11, 1903, 
aged 46 years, 4 months and 23 days. She united with 
the Brethren church in March, 1877. She continued faith- 
ful to the end of her earthly career. Funeral at Wenger 
church, in the city of South Bend, Ind. 

H. W. Krieghbaum. 

KEITH, Lucy, died in the Burks Fork congregation, 
Va., aged 81 years. She had been a consistent member 
of the Brethren church for about forty-three years. She 
was the mother of ten children, only two of whom are 
living. Her husband went to his reward fifteen years ago. 
Sister Keith was a mother in Israel. Funeral services by 
O. Barnhart and S. E. Hylton. Reta Mae Hylton. 

LANDIS, Bro. Michael M., of the Lower Stillwater 
church, Montgomery county, Ohio, died Dec. 6, 1903, 
aged 67 years, 5 months and 26 days. He was united in 
marriage with Mary Shock March 21, 1861. To this 
union was born one daughter, who died in infancy. He 
was a consistent member of the church. He leaves a 
wife. Funeral services at Trotwood by Bro. Samuel 
Horning and the writer, from Psalm 23. John Smith. 

LIBBY, Bro. Thomas, died in the Buffalo Valley con- 
gregation, Union Co., Pa., Dec. 11, 1903, aged 80 years, 4 
months and 14 days. He united with the church many 
years ago. He leaves a wife and several children. Fu- 
neral services by Bro. Greene Shively, from Eccl. 12: 13. 

Ada M. Shively. 

McCLURG, Sister' Pheby, nee Randal, died Dec. 8, 
1903, in the Prairie Creek church, Huntington Co., Ind., 
of gangrene, aged 72 years, 1 month and 24 days. She 
came from Pennsylvania to Ohio with her parents, where 
she was united in marriage to Allen McClurg. Five chil- 
dren blessed this union. Her husband and two sons 
preceded her to the spirit world. She united with the 
Brethren church early in life and lived a devoted life. 
She called for the elders and was anointed. Funeral 
services at Plum Tree by the writer. L. Huffman. 

MEYERS, Sister Amanda, died in the Lanark church, 
111., Dec. 1, 1903, aged 55 years, 11 months and 22 days. 
Disease, cancer. She united with the church early in life 
and was always an exemplary sister, living a model 
Christian life. She was greatly loved by all who knew 
her. We will greatly miss her. Funeral by the writer, 
from Rev. 14: 13. I. B. Trout. 

MILLER, Mrs. Amanda, widow of Bro. John Miller, 
died Dec. 15, 1903, in Rockingham county, Virginia, aged 
58 years. She was afflicted with rheumatism, pneumonia 
and heart trouble. She is survived by one son, three 
stepsons, two stepdaughters and several sisters. Her 
maiden name was Kiracofe. She was a member of the 
United Brethren ehurch. Funeral service at Beaver 
Creek by John Brunk, of the U. B. church, assisted by 
Eld. H. G. Miller. Text, 1 Cor. 15:53. 

Nannie J. Miller. ^ 

MILLER, Bro. Thomas, died of lung fever at his home, 
in the Silver Creek church, Kans., Dec. 15, 1903, aged 55 
years, 8 months and 5 days. He united with the church 
in the fall of 1895 and lived faithful until death. Services 
by the Brethren. Lee Harader. 

SHOEMAKER, George M., died in Delaware county, 
Indiana, Nov. 29, 1903, aged 85 years, 9 months and 9 
days. He was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania; 
moved with his parents to Miami county, Ohio, in 1835. 
He was married in 1842. His wife died in 1844. He was 
again married in 1845. In 1880 he with his family moved 
into the Mississinewa church, Delaware Co., Ind. He 
was the father of thirteen children. A faithful wife and 
i-even children survive him. He was a faithful member of 
the Brethren church for fifty-four years. Funeral serv- 
ices by the writer, assisted by Eld. A. C. Young. 

J. W. Rarick. 
SLOUGHTER, James, born in Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, died Dec. 5, 1903; at Markleville, Ind., in the 
bounds of the Lower Fall Creek church, aged 75 years, 11 
months and 8 days. Bro. Sloughter was twice married, 
his first wife being Rebecca Fesler. To them were born 
three children, two of whom are still living. His first 
wife preceded him to the spirit land in the year 1887. In 
1889 he was married to Mrs. Elizabeth Elseberry, who 
with her stepchildren is left to mourn their toss. Bro. 
Sloughter belonged to the Brethren church for a number 
of years, in which faith he died. Funeral services in the 
Lutheran churchhouse at Ovid. Ind., by the writer. Text, 
Isa. 64:6. A. C. Snowberger. 

SPICHER, Bro. Jacob P., of Bills, Somerset Co., Pa., 
died Nov. 20, 1903. aged 85 years. 10 months and 17 days. 
He was born in Conemaugh township. Somerset Co., Pa. 
He was married to Sally Schrock Aug. 13, 1840. He was 
a deacon about two years, and about forty years in the 
ministry. He spoke in the German language and was a 
faithful minister of the Gospel. During his affliction it 
was his desire to enjoy the communion services once 
more, which were held at his home. He leaves a wife and 
six children. Three children preceded him to the spirit 
world. He was laid to rest in the Sipesville church cem- 
etery. Funeral services by the writer, assisted by Bro. 
Isaiah Ferguson. Silas Hoover. 

STICKLER, Sister Susan, nee Fasnacht, died at Hart- 
ville, Ohio, Dec. 5, 1903, aged 55 years, 10 months and 23 
days. She was married to Samuel Stickler Oct. 31, 1870. 
This union was blessed with five children, two of whom 
preceded her. Sister Stickler united with the Brethren 
church in her youth and has lived a devoted Christian life 
until death. She leaves a husband and three daughters. 
Services at the brick church by brethren C. F. Kinsley 
and David Young, from Isa. 40:1-8. Interment in the 
East Nimishillen cemetery. A. J. Carper. 

THRESHER, Bro. Joseph, born in Tennessee, died in 
Litchfield, III., Dec. 4, 1903, aged 76 years, 9 months and 

4 days. He united with the Brethren church in 1877 and 
lived a consistent Christian life. He leaves two sons and 
one daughter. Funeral at Brethren church in Litchfield, 
conducted by the writer. Text, Heb. 4:9. M. Flory. 

TONEY, Bro. Weldon. son of Bro. Wm. J. and Hattie 
Toney, died Nov. 30, 1903, nf pneumonia, aged 18 years. 
He was a member of the Mill Creek congregation, N. C, 
and was laid to rest in the church cemetery. Services by 
elders Gen. A. Branscom and S. P. Jones. 

G. B. Sanders. 
TONEY, Bro. William J., of the Mill Creek congrega- 
tion, N. C„ took sick on the day of the burial of his son 
and died one week later, and was buried Dec. 10, 1903. 
Services by Eld. Geo. A. Branscom. G. B. Sanders. 

ULR1CH. Benjamin J„ died at his home, near Nevada, 
Wyandot Co., Ohio, Dec. 8, 1903, aged 76 years. 10 months 
and 26 days. Dec. 6. 1849, he was married to Elizabeth 
Miller. One child, a daughter was born to them, but she 
died at the age of eighteen months. He was in sympathy 
with the Brethren church but never made a profession. 
Funeral at the residence by Bro. J. L. Guthrie, from 
John 11:25. Interment at Nevada cemetery, 

Lenna Guthrie. 

India; A Problem 


Sunday School 

Lesson Calendar 

fori 9 04. 

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where found, Daily Home Readings, etc. 

One large page of the calendar for each week, 52 pages 
in all. 

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Price, only 30 cents or $3.00 per dozen, delivered. Spe- 
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Elgin, Illinois. 

Ruth the Trueflearted 

Another of the Series of 




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quickly as it is ready. 

The volumes of the series which are now ready are: 

V ^\ChrisV'Paul 

Joseph The Ruler 
Samuel The Judge 
David The King 
Daniel The Fear- 
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Jesus The Savior, 

Vol. 1 
Jesus The Savior, 

Vol. 2 
Ruth The True- 


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girls will appreciate. Besides, they will mould character. 
Price, 35 cents per copy or 3 for $1.00. 


New and Revised Edition Just from the Press. 




Elgin, Illinois. 

these books have 
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lustrations which il- 
lustrate the reading 
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It is a book that 
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who is interested in 
missions. If your township has not been canvassed, write 
to us to-day for particulars. Be sure to give name of 
township and county. 

Price of book in cloth, $1.25; full morocco, $2.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

I The Scarlet Line f 
Told at Twilight \ 


These two books arc intended for the little tots who 
are beginning to read and for those who are not old 
enough to read for themselves. 

If you want books that the little ones will reread and 
ask you to reread the stories to them, then get these little 
books. " Scarlet Line " is a continuation of the book, 
"Told at Twilight." Aunt Dorothy continues to gather 
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Bible stories up to the time the ark was brought back to 

Price of books, 35 cents each. Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Lesson Commentary 

For 1904. 

A valuable aid in the study of the Sunday-school lesson. 
An enthusiastic and earnest teacher will not go before 
his class without a thorough preparation of the lesson, 
and in order that he may be prepared he will need the 
best of helps. If you have never used our commentary, 
give it a trial. .1. 

It contains a complete Harmony of the Gospels, the 
very latest maps, and a class record. The explanation of 
the lesson is given in such a clear manner that it is easily 
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To ministers of the Brethren church it is furnished free 
for the postage and packing, 16 cents. Price, 80 cents, 
postage prepaid, 


Elgin, Illinois. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, igo4. 


Topeco. — Bro. H. J. Woodic, of Beldon, N. C, began 
a series of meetings here Dec. 6. concluding Dec, 14, 
preaching twelve sermons. A good interest prevailed. 
The preaching was earnest, eloquent, effective. As a re- 
sult five were baptized and one applicant awaits baptism, 
and others deeply impressed. At our November council 
one was received by baptism and one reclaimed and given 
a letter to a congregation in Kansas. — L. M. Weddle. 
Topeco, Va., Dec. 20. 

Bellefontaine. — Our mission continues to grow in inter- 
est. There are some earnest inquiries after the gospel 
way. Bro. Ezra Flory, of West Milton, preached Dec. 20 
to an attentive congregation. Our greatest need now is a 
stationed worker, one who can devote his entire time to 
the work. Dec. 6 we were fortunate to be with the 
Brethren of the Salem congregation, near Dayton, in a 
missionary meeting and we were pleased to see the zeal 
manifested. They are doing a work that will tell in years 
to come. The last day of the year we go to the Rome 
congregation to our annual district mission Circle meet- 
ing. This church is the home of Eld. L- H. Dickey, 
whose devoted wife has lately departed for the home pre- 
pared by our Savior for the faithful. — John R. Snyder, 803 
No. Main St., Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Logan. — Our Thanksgiving missionary meeting was 
well attended and the program was full of interest. We 
were pleased to have the assistance of Eld. D. S. Filbrun, 
of New Carlisle, and Bro. S. P. Berkebile and wife, of 
Fosloria. Bro. Berkebile preached in Bellefontaine the 
evening before. We met in council Dec. 5. Elders J. R. 
Spacht and Joseph Groff were present to assist in some 
work and remained over Sunday. Bro. Joseph Wren was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent for the coming year 
and other church officers were elected. The Belief 011- 
-taine work received attention. — John R. Snyder, Belle- 
fontaine, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Nappanee. — The brethren and sisters of South Union, 
Union Center district, Ind., have had the enjoyment of 
a soul-reviving meeting, conducted by Bro. Frank Krei- 
der, of Elkhart Valley. He came to us Nov. 28 and 
closed Dec. 20, in that time preaching twenty- five dis- 
courses. Four precious souls have been added to our 
number through baptism and one application for restora- 
tion to fellowship.— J. R. Miller, Nappanee. Ind., Dec. 28. 
Ashridge church met in members' meeting Dec. 26. 
We had a very pleasant meeting. Officers were elected 
for the Sunday school for the coming year. In the even- 
ing we met in a midwinter love feast, which was very en- 
joyable. I have been a member of the church for over 
thirty-one years, and this is the first midwinter love 
feast I ever attended. Bro. C. P. Rowland, on Ins return 
from the North, officiated at our feast. He gave us two 
soul -inspiring sermons on Sunday. Our Sunday school 
and Christian Workers meetings are growing in interest 
and helpfulness. — D. A. Rowland, Viola, Wis., R: R. 2, 
Dec. 28. 

Monticello.— During the week ending Dec. 5 brethren 
D. C. Campbell and E. M. Cobb gave their illustrated 
lectures on Palestine. These lectures were well received 
and the cause strengthened. One sister came out on the 
Lord's side and was baptized. Following these lectures 
Eld. Gorman B. Heeter conducted a two weeks' meeting. 
The attendance was not what it should have been, owing 
to inclement weather, yet the members were encouraged. 
We held our council meeting Dec. 26. One letter of 
membership was received. The young people's meeting 
was reorganized under the name Christian Workers, and 
officers elected. The society will now use the programs 
gotten out by the Brethren Publishing House. — F. E. 
Young, Mtmticcllo, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Camp Creek.— Bro. J. D. Mishler, of Collamcr, Ind., 
came Dec. 5 and preached eighteen interesting sermons. 
Three came out on the Lord's side. The meetings closed 
Dec. 20. Our council was held Dec. 16. Our elder, A. 
Miller, presided. Other ministers from a distance were 
J. D. Mishler and Hiram Roose. There were seven let- 
ter> of membership granted. Collection, $10.55. — W. E. 
Shively, Bourbon, Ind., R. R. 25, Dec. 27. 

Rock Run.— Bro. P. B. Fitzwater, of Sidney, Ohio, 
came to us Nov. 30 and gave us thirty sermons. Twelve 
put on Christ by baptism. One was reclaimed. There is 
one applicant for baptism. Bro. Fitzwater is a very ear- 
nest worker. We were blessed during our three weeks 
of meeting with goci weather and attendance. On 
Christmas Bro. J. Weaver gave us a sermon. — R. W. 
, Davp-rpcrrt. Goshen, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Elkhart. — It was lately our pleasure to meet with the 
Indianapolis mission. The attendance at Sunday school 
keeps up very well, with brethren Bailiff and Hoffert as 
superintendents. A number are interested in our pros- 
pective church. Bro. McCarty held a week's meetings in 
an* old church west of the city and considerable interest 
was aroused. We hope some one in the near future will 
open up the meetings again. We are getting along quite 
nicely with our raising means for our new churchhouse. — 
Clara E. Stauffer, R. R. 3, Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 26. 

South Ottumwa. — The members of the Ottumwa church 
met for worship on Christmas. Bro. Wolf preached to 
an attentive audience. Dec. 23 an interesting program 
was given by the Sunday-school children. The members 
of the church presented Bro. Wolf a beautiful Bible. Bro. 
Wnlf is doing a noble work for the Master in this city. 
Our meetings are well attended, both Sunday and mid- 
week. Our Sunday school is very interesting and well 
attended.— C. May Manners, 223 S. Moore St., South Ot- 
tumwa. Iowa, Dec. 27. 

Burroak. — Our two weeks' meeting, conducted by Bro. 
T. E. George, of Quinter, Kans., closed Sunday evening. 
Bro. George delivered sixteen splendid discourses. Our 
congregations were not large. Bro. George certainly did 
his duty in declaring to us the whole counsel of God.— 
Emma J. Modlin, Burroak, Kans., Dec. 23. 

Northeastern Kansas.— The mission board of North- 
eastern Kansas met Dec. 21, in order that we might have 
the work for the coming year to begin the first of the 
year or as soon after as possible. The board is now- 
chartered under the laws of the State and is ready to re- 
ceive endowments for the mission cause. We decided to 
locate a minister in Kansas City permanently. Any one 
donating money for Kansas City or for the district will 
please send it to our treasurer, C. H. Sargent. Dunlap, 

Kans. Our district evangelist reports seven baptized 

since our last meeting. — S. J. Heckman, Michigan Valley. 

Kans., Dec. 24. 
Mexico. — Our series of meetings was to begin Jan. 2, 

but Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Union City, who was to do the 
preaching, writes that his health will not permit him to 
do the preaching, so we do not know whom we can get. 
At a recent collection the church here sends sixteen dol- 
lars to the India orphanage. Our Sunday-school chil- 
dren raised $22.45 f° r the children mission in Chicago.— 
A. D. Lair, Mexico, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Christian Workers Topics 

.For 1004 


The moderator of last district meeting informed me 
that a large number of the churches of the district have 
failed to send'in their apportionment of district expenses 
and that the treasurer is in need of money. Will each 
housekeeper or elder see to it at once that their appor- 
tionment for district expenses is paid as noted in minutes 
of last district meeting? Send all money for this purpose 
to J. F. Weaver, Lima, Ohio. Please see to this at once, 
brethren, so that we will not have to write to each church 
individually about this matter. 

John R. Snyder, Dist. Clerk. 

Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 28. 


Victoria, Queen of Anglo-Israel, — By Nellie Deans 
Taylor. The Neale Publishing Co., New York and Wash- 
ington. Price, $1.00. Is a most interesting and charm- 
ing little book. It may be read at one sitting. The 
book in a very brief manner undertakes to trace the stone 
on which Jacob rested his head at Bethel to Jerusalem, 
thence to Egypt, then to Ireland, from there to Scotland, 
and later, A. D. 1299, to England, where it was placed in 
Westminster Abbey, and may still be seen in the Coro- 
nation Chair. Tradition has it, without proof, however, 
that the kings of Judah were crowned above this stone. 
Above it the kings and queens of both Scotland and Eng- 
land have been crowned for many centuries. The book 
also affirms that the Anglo-Saxon race descends from Is- 
rael, and in time will dominate the earth. It is a very 
entertaining little volume, but the price is somewhat 
against it. as it contains less than fifty pages, with a few 
good and appropriate illustrations. 

Modern Fables and Parables.— By Rev, W. S. Harris. 
J. L. Nichols and Co., Naperville, 111., publishers. Well 
illustrated, 352 pages, cloth binding, very attractive. 
Price, $1.25. -Here is a book that will prove both in- 
structive and attractive to the old as well as to the 
young. It is made up of modern fables, such as suit the 
present conditions, followed by excellent and well-chosen 
morals. It is full of moral truths in a nutshell. It is 
just such a book as one likes to pick up when he has but 
a few moments at his disposal. Some of the fables may 
be read in two minutes, but will not soon be forgotten. 
Mothers will take delight in reading many of the chap- 
ters to their children. We take pleasure in recommend- 
ing the book. 

Girdling the Globe— By D. L. Miller. A very interesting 
account of a trip around the world, in which the author took special 
note of interesting places in Europe, Egypt, Asia Minor, India and 
japan. Profusely illustrated and of more than ordinary interest. 
600 pages. Express paid, red morocco, gilt edges, — a beautiful 
present, — $3; leather, $2.50; cloth bound, $2.00. Good agents 
wanted at all times. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The last Annual Meeting provides for the organization 
of young people's meetings throughout the Brotherhood 
under the name of Christian Workers meeting, and also 
decided that the' Brethren Publishing House should pub- 
lish a suitable list of topics for such meetings and that 
suitable comments and helps should be published in one 
or more publications of the House. For the present the 
Missionary Visitor will be used for notes and comments 
on the topics. 

The List of Topics, Neatly Printed on 
Good Cardboard Folders, 

Will be supplied by the House at the following rates: 
50 topic cards, 30 cents; ioo topic cards, 50 cents. More 
than this number will be supplied at 100 rate. If you 
wish to have the name of your church, the hour of meeting, 
name of pastor, etc., printed on first page it will cost 50 
cents extra for the first 100 and 10 cents for each addi- 
tional hundred. 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Self- Pronouncing 




Lessons for 1904. 


Re?. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. D. 


Containing the Sunday- 
school lessons for 1904, with 
proper names divided into syllables, and with accent 
marks placed and vowel sounds indicated; also Revised 
Version changes, Golden Texts, Daily Bible Readings, 
Historical Setting, Lesson Titles, Suggestive Readings, 
References, Lesson Analysis, Practical Thoughts, and 
other helps and conveniences, such as Maps, Sunday- 
school Class Book pages for personal use of teacher, etc. 

Vest pocket size, 2^x5^ inches and about % mcn 
thick. Red linen, embossed and stamped in black, 2 w 
cents; red morocco, embossed and stamped in gold, 35 
cents; red morocco, interleaved edition, two blank pages 
between each lesson for notes, 50 cents. 

Postpaid on receipt of price. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger and "Eternal Verities." 

Do you know a bargain when you see it? Most people do. Hundreds of subscriptions 
hare already been received claiming the combination offer. The tenth thousand of this 
book is now nearly gone. 

The book itself is worth the price of the combination, and now it is offered for only 
the small sum of 25 cents additional. Every reader should accept this offer. The Gos- 
pel Messenger one year, regular price, $1.50, and Eternal Verities, regular price, 
$1.25; total, $2.75. Our price, combined, only $1.75. 

To the Old Friends of the Messenger: 

We will consider it a great favor if you will tell your neighbors about this special 
offer and widen the influence of our church paper. 

Elfin, UHnoia. 

Per your special offer find enclosed $ for which please send the Gospel Messenger to January, loo. . . 

in combination with " Eternal Verities." (Fill out the year and if " Eternal Verities " is not wanted, cross out.) 


Post 0«c«, 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 43. 

Elgin, III., January 9, 1904. 

No. 2 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. no control. If M. cle Wittc returns to power in Rus- 

Editorial — sia ' as now seems possible, the Jews will have in him a 

Another Gish Fund Book, 24 friend. And they surely stand in great need of a 

Throwing Light on the Commentaries 24 , . . 

Not Sacrificing Principle 24 tnena at court ' 

In California, 25 

Then and Now. — No. 2 26 During the vear 1003 there were two hundred and 

Only S the r Lort!'" .'°. ^'.T^.'. .^V^.V.V.V.Vr-^ ' Mi ^pne strj kes' in Chicago. Of the twenty-two more 

Sprinkling, 2§ important ones the unions won four, compromised four 

The Small Pitchers 26 d , t fourteen Despite the great ntunber of 

Disorganize pn-^....2ol e b 

Essays ^*\. \ str ikes, there is reason to believe that there will be 

Service— The Royal Road to Greatness. By D. D. -J l eS s trouble in the future. It looks as if the unions 

Successor Failure: ' By S. N. McCan'n,' '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. 18 were about ready to give up the closed shop and the 

Conformed and Transformed. By John E. Mohler, 18 sympathetic strike. These and the violence to which 

The Folly of Worldly Pursuits. By A. W. Reese,. . 19 ,. . , .. , , .. . 

Laying up the Rails By W. R. Deeter to tlle 3' sometimes resorted were the unreasonable things 

Our Native Birds, Let them Stay where God Put f which they were guilty. The men often did not 

Tl« h C^^e S J in G Chi°s C ti'anHy' Responsible 'for 'the' 9 rro -' iw the pay they deserved, and sometimes their 

Continuance of War. By Geo. S. Grim 20 hours of labor were unreasonable. Both sides have 

Joy of Service By M. g. Knop 20 . , , . rf fa d The 

Illustration. By John Heckman 20 f l 

1 Statistical Report of our Sunday Schools. By Levi the place to settle the question of right and wrong. 

Minnich, .... •_■•-■■ ■- ;■'••••' ^ All that is needed in order to do away with strikes 

Juniata Bible Term. By J. B. Brumbaugh 21 J _ 

The First Sunday School Teachers' Institute of altogether is for each side to treat the other with fair- 
Southern Ohio. By Chas. A. Bame 21 negs 

Families Divided in Religion 21 ' 

A Very Little Book. By Jas. M. Neff 22 _ . 

The Sunday School ^ u - Dowie is now on a trip around the world. He 

The Power of Song in the Sunday School. By W. started from Zion City the first of the month and ex- 

Tl"'B?p a ti d sm n andTemptation'of Jesus',' '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.% P^ts to return by the last of June. After spending 

Home and Family a ^ ew ^ ays m tne South he goes to San Francisco and 

Correct Home Culture. By Mary White 23 sails from there about Jan. 20. He goes to Australia 

Learning to Give. By Effie Wiggs, ...... ■ . ■ ■ ■ ■•■23 to meet nis w ;t c and son w i, sadcd f rom Philadelphia 

Sisters' Aid Society of the White Roclc. Church, . '. . r 

North Dakota. By Lizzie C. Netzley 23 some time ago. While in Australia he is to conduct 

Nora Springs, Iowa. By Martha A. Keller, 23 meetings .in some of the cities wh-waJMulseA to prench 

tieneral Missionary ani 1 ra« TjepaT fment,— ' i )e f orc coming to" America, lie is to return home 'by 

The Hindo^ Wife!' '. ', ?.'. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. .' .' '. '. '% wa - v ° £ India ' Africa and Eur °l ,c ' il beil « ,,is P Ur - 

From Southern Illinois. By S. S. Brubaker, 27 pose to call a conference of his people in Switzerland. 

Select Your Work 27 Re hag also planned anot h er visit to London and may 

imi-v -t-ljc U , AD , i-v hold another meeting in New York before coming on 

AROUND THE WORLD. to Zion City Matters relating to his financial con- 

iw., u n -..l-.j..,,.. U...U . ^55= dition have quieted down, his creditors seeming to have 

Jan. 1 George B. IvIcClellan became mayor of New confidence in his ability to pay what he owes, and that 
York City. In addressing the retiring mayor he said : in t!uc time tney wiu get tne i r money. 
" I promise you that there will be no step backward, 
not even in the smallest department of my administra- 
tion." And all good citizens will be glad if he is able 
(o keep his promise. There has been almost unlimited 
corruption in some of our large cities, and this large- 
ly because men thought more of party success than of 
good municipal government. But that day is passing, 
for men are coming to feel that what they must have is 
honesty and efficiency ; and that is the right conclusion. 
The new police commissioner appointed by the mayor 
for New York City is generally approved. He says he 
will do everything in his power to prevent blackmail- 
ing, extortion, " grafting " or bribe taking by the po- 
lice, and that preferment would rest on merit alone in- 
stead of pay. The kind of government promised is the 
kind our cities greatly need. 

The Jews feel that there is no safety for them in 
Russia. A rumor spread that on Christmas (which in 
Russia comes thirteen days later than ours, because the 
Greek church uses the old style calendar) there was to 
be another massacre of the Jews at Kishenev. Orders 
have been issued by the Russian government that it 
should be prevented at all hazards. The Jews in this 
country are planning to have their brethren leave Rus- 
sia. A prominent one said at Philadelphia last Sun- 
day : " The Jew is not wanted as a citizen, and the 
wise thing to be done is to prevent the renewal of 
barbarities and to get him away from the rule of the 
czar and his creatures." It is too bad that the race 
>s so persecuted. No doubt many of the Jews in 
Russia arc not desirable citizens and would not be 
welcomed in any country. But their condition is to a 
large extent due to circumstances over which they had 

The United States government does not know what 
Colombia will do in order to regain Panama, but pro- 
poses to be ready for any emergency. Several war 
vessels are kept near the isthmus and a force of twelve 
hundred marines has been landed there. It is to be 
hoped that the Colombians will not resort to war, but 
will seek to adjust their differences in a peaceable way. 
If reports are to be relied upon, there are many of 
the people disgusted with the doings at Bogota, and if 
war were declared it is not improbable that other sec- 
tions of the country would secede and either declare 
themselves independent or unite with Panama. Of- 
ficial corruption defeated the canal treaty and lost the 
state of Panama with the large sum of money which 
would have gone to Colombia. The punishment has 
been severe, and the innocent have been made to suf- 
fer with the guilty. 

The following will give a good idea of the extent 
of the use of the electric car in our country : " There- 
is nearly enough single trolley track in America to en- 
circle the globe. Each mile of single track in 1902 
earned on the average $11,000 per annum, or about 
one thousand per foot of single rail. Each single- 
track mile cost about $6,300 per annum to operate, or 
about 57 per .cent of the average earnings. There 
were about six employees per mile of track, excluding 
salaried officers, and about twenty-seven passenger- 
cars. This means about 2 1 /^ men per car installed. 
Dividing the 4,800 millions of passenger fares collected 
by the number of cars, each car installed provided on 
the average 80,000 passenger rides per annum, or 220 
per diem." 

The following news item will give some idea of 
the products of California : The California orange 
crop in 1903 reached a total of 32,000 cars of 360 boxes 
each, against 24,000 cars in 1902. Two thousand cars 
of this year's orange shipment went from northern 
California. Lemon shipments reached 3,850 cars of 
3 1 _• boxes each. Other products were as follows : 
Wine, 32,000,000 gallons; brandy, 5700,343 gallons; 
walnuts, 11,500,000 pounds; almonds, 6,000,000 
pounds; beans, 117,500,000 pounds; salmon, 3,420,000 
cases; wheat, 9.517,500 centals; barley, 9,850,000 cen- 
tals; fuel oil, 23,000,000 barrels, worth 75 cents a bar- 
rel at tidewater; prunes, 115,000,000 pounds; peaches, 
30,000,000 pounds; apricots, 19,000,000 pounds, rai- 
sins, 1 12,000,000 pounds ; canned fruit, 2,600,000 
cases; wool, 22,500,000 pounds; and beet sugar, 154,- 
000,000 pounds. 

SOMG time ago congress appropriated ten thousand 
dollars a year for two years for ten student inter- 
preters to be attached to the IVkin legation. These 
young men are to devote two years to the study of 
the language, and then they will be assigned for serv- 
ice at the different American consulates in China. 
They had to promise to remain in the service for ten 
years. England has had such student interpreters for 
folly years, and other countries have had them too. 
It would seem that each country ought to have them, 
for it is not good to be compelled to depend on £01 
eign interpreters, \merica needs as in»* n; - >n1 rep 

'I'li'Min ■ '" i"V 1 ill'i'l •■ ■■ •'■ in |, n ;-om,' 

"•** -. ■.'!.- in it i\r >,,„,., 1. •...-(., .,. I ( I.,- ,,.. 1. -1 1 

cial interests are great and are constantly becoming 
greater. But no provision beyond the two years, 
which expire next October, has been made for stu- 
dent interpreters. 

The afternoon of Dec. 30 there was a fire in one 
of the theaters of Chicago, and nearly six hundred 
persons, mostly women and children, lost their lives. 
There was an accident to the " spot " light, the scenery 
caugrft fire, the asbestos curtain failed lo drop, a draft 
from the rear sent the flames out into the audience, 
and in a short time a great many bad passed over 
the river. There were no automatic sprinklers as the 
law says there must be, there were no firemen, and 
those whose duty it was to guard against such an ac- 
cident were not at their post. To make escape im- 
possible, at some places the exits were closed, and after 
reaching them the people died in a heap. There would 
have been a much smaller number of victims if they 
bad not beeome panic stricken. But this is no excuse 
fur those who failed to do their duty. It was a ter- 
rible calamity, and expressions of sympathy were sent 
from many countries. The identification of the dead 
was difficult, and at this writing a few are still uniden- 
tified. — 

An investigation showed that all the theaters in the 
city were in some ways violating the laws laid down 
for themi and all were ordered closed until they com- 
ply with the law. If this step had been taken when it 
should, the tragedy would not have occurred. It is 
common for men to put off what they know is the 
right action until some dreadful catastrophe results, 
and then they go from the extreme of negligence to 
the extreme of carefulness. But the buildings in 
which large numbers of people assemble cannot be 
made too safe. All means possible should be used to 
protect life everywhere. These accidents which sud- 
denly call persons from life and fill with horror all who 
hear of them are not so much to be feared as the silent 
forces which are constantly at work, and which daily 
drag down to eternal death many more than lost their 
lives in this fire. The spiritual as well as the physical 
life should be protected. 


» ±*hTX**r*t*ii?A 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 

—*-«-• ESSAYS •-•- 

•' S<ndy 10 .how thyself approved onto God, a workman tt«t noedoth not b« 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word oi Troth." 




Seek him, ye shepherds: the bright angels told you 

News that the ages have waited to hear, 
judah has languished, the Romans have robbed us;— 

Did they not say the Messiah was near? 
Seek him! the flocks on the rocks and the hillsides 

Slumber in silence, in darkness of night; 
But in our spirits— O glory is Waking, 

Glory to flood the whole world with its light! 
Seek him? They found him in Bethlehem's manger! 

Lo, the great Christ, from yon heaven above, 
Cradled so lowly, so humble and lowly, 

Thrilling the lives of the poor with his love. 
Seek him? Leave then the world's flocks in the distance; 

Seek the Messiah, with hearts whole and true. 
Leave ye the kingdoms and cloisters of sages, 

Wise men, and bow and adore ye him too. 
Seek him? O soul with thy burdens of longings, 

Seek thou the Christ, he will be to thee more 
Than the whole wealth of the markets of nations — 

Heaven is thine when the struggle is o'er. 
Seek him I O seek the dear love that pursued thee 

Down from the mansions of heaven above, 
And thou shalt find him, thy Friend and Redeemer, 

Filling thy soul with his infinite love. 

Mechanicsburg, Pa. 



But he that is greatest among you shall be your serv- 
ant.— Matt. 23: II. 

If greatness be the end in view, the royal road to it 
is service. Though the text rather indicates great- 
ness as a necessary element of good service, it has not 

■ ' v ,ren\^'""'' J, ~' , n so accepted. Indeed, it has been at . 
' lev to 1 on Pale: ese I 6**wefe wv.. — sivi-Vl 

times considered a positive hindrance to the noblest 
service. This language of the Master does not so ig- 
nore greatness, however. 

For centuries the Spartans have been cited as the 
ideal of physical greatness. The Hon in the animal 
kingdom is king because of his superior physical 
strength. Warriors in all ages have worshiped at the 
shrine of physical perfection and have ever made it a 
prime requisite of all who join their number.* The 
ancient artist, too, found his loftiest model in the 
physical form which expressed in the highest degree 
the symmetry demanded by his conception of beauty. 
In an age when the mind of man turns to the ma- 
terial, the ideal of greatness embodies itself in what is 
expressed by the term " wealth." He who possesses 
broad acres, many flocks, fine buildings, much gold or 
many interest-bearing bonds is great. To him men 
bow, of him newspapers and magazines speak, toward 
his station in life the youth of the land aspire. He 
only is great. He possesses the power to command, 
and is thus looked upon as being great; but is it 
really true? 

With the Christian, greatness is only obtained 
through service. Greatness is not a quality to be de- 
spised, for it can be honestly earned — earned through 
service. And when we come better to know real 
power we learn that it comes through service. The 
poets who have best sung are they who have best con- 
soled the heart in sorrow or inspired hope in man. 
The inventor is great who has by his invention truly 
diminished the galling burden of bread-earning for the 
toiling millions. The reformer, the philanthropist, 
who by gift of money or of thought alleviates and en- 
nobles the masses, deserves the title great. Towering 
above all these, however, is the Christ who as he was 
the most competent of all servants well deserves to be 
called the greatest among the great. And it might be 
well for the aspiring to remember that his greatness 
is due to his having rendered service the like of which 
none but he could render, and that his exalted position 
is only commensurate with his service. 
Sterling, Colo. 


Casting all your care (anxiety) upon him, because he 
careth for you. — I Peter 5:7. Cast thy burden upon the 
Lord, and he shall sustain thee. — Psa. 55:22. 

Into every life anxiety, care, burdens fall, and the 
success or failure of each life depends upon the dis- 
position made of these testings. 

Success is attained by casting all anxiety upon the 
Lord, because when cares, anxieties, burdens are lift- 
ed, — not only lifted but carried, — work becomes a de- 
light, a source of recreation, a real blessing. God in- 
tends us to work ; work is good for us ; but anxiety is 
not good, and God never intended that we should be 
burdened with it. The Lord never asked us to cast 
our work upon him. He means us to be up and do- 
ing with all our strength, but he does ask us to give 
him our care, our anxiety. The Lord takes what is 
not good for us, if we will allow him to do so, 
without encouraging laziness or thriftlessness. It is 
not work that wears the worker down, it is anxious 
care. It is not work that so often makes life a dreary 
desolation, a torturing existence, but anxiety, care. 
All our anxiety borne by the Lord, all our care upon 
his strong arm, what a joy to do with our might 
whatsoever our hands find to do. Careful work, yet 
without care, what a joy one can get out of life's du- 
ties, what peace and satisfaction in the work that falls 
to our lot! The happy days of childhood can and 
should be lived over and over even down to old age. 
Anxiety and care all taken by our Lord, surely our 
work is like the sports of childhood. 

Casting all our care upon him brings success, be- 
cause it means honest work. A man who does dis- 
honest work cannot shift anxiety. The Lord cannot 
take the care of a man who must be watched. The 
very nature of things forbids a man to be without 
care who will cheat, or lie, or steal, or do any other 
dishonest act. Honest work and all may be com- 
mitted, .Jio'the; T LZ;' jwljether^^b^.cijjtiya.'jflg -tffilds, . 
teaching school, preaching, household or any other 
duties. The result of all honest work is in the Lord's 
hands, our care, our anxiety will not take it out; but 
anxiety may hide his face from us, and cause many 
a dark and dreary hour. 

Oh ! weary, heaven-laden soul, why not hear the 
Lord when he says, Cast all your care? Listen, not 
a part, but all your care upon him, because he careth 
for you. Do you believe? then why so anxious, why 
so much worry about results? Work, and then com- 
mit all to the Lord. What joy, what peace you will 
find even in the meanest toil. 

Committing our work to the Lord means success be- 
cause God rules all things. If we put our work in 
such a shape that we can commit all our care to the 
Lord, we must succeed. Success will crown us now 
and forevermore. When two men go to law, how 
secure and sure each one feels after they have com- 
mitted their cases into the hands of competent lawyers. 
When one buys a piece of land and secures a govern- 
ment title, how secure he feels, how little care he has 
about it afterward. 

How much more secure should the Christian feel 
who commits all to him who rules and reigns over all 
created things. It is not the amount of work done so 
much as resigning the care of all to the Lord that in- 
sures success. It is doing with our might and then 
letting go that enlists the power of heaven on our be- 
half. " He careth for you " — why not let him care? 
The work becomes his and you are his. Why not do 
as you did when you were a child, gladly run to do 
father's or mother's bidding; without a thought of 
care? All care as to food and clothes, and protection 
was father's and mother's. So now the Lord would 
have us cast all on him. The work is his — why not? 
Do our duty and leave the rest with God. 

Failure comes when we try to carry the care, the 
anxiety of our work, because we are not able to carry 
the load that soon accumulates. Our cares and anx- 
ieties will soon require more of our time and strength 
than our work. Work will decrease and care and 
anxiety will increase until our life, instead of being 

hopeful and full of joy will be miserable and full of 
doubts and fears that we cannot shake off or banish, 
try as we may and pray as often as we will. 

God offers to carry our burdens, and not to accept 
his offer is to fail. Work that would be a joy be- 
comes miserable drudgery, grinding on our nerves 
and exhausting instead of adding to our strength. To 
carry the care and the anxiety so incident to life's du- 
ties, instead of casting them all upon the Lord, makes 
all the difference between joy and sorrow, between 
contentment and discontentment, between success and 

To take upon us the care and the anxiety of the 
work of life means failure because it eventually leads 
to dishonesty. The man in business who is not con- 
tent to rest results of honest work with God will 
feel compelled to stoop to " the trick of the trade " in 
order to win success. He will justify himself by say- 
ing an honest man cannot do business and succeed. 
Whenever a man, in order to succeed, does dishonest 
work his cause is a failure, and care and anxiety can- 
not be shifted from his shoulders. 

God is not in any work to help where men take so 
much care as to act dishonestly to gain results. The 
work that leaves God out will be a failure, will eventu- 
ally grind the worker under its awful burden of care 
and anxiety. When we refuse to cast the care upon 
the Lord, the work becomes wholly ours, and then it 
cannot but fail. Whenever a man steals, or lies, or 
cheats, or in any way deceives in order to accom- 
plish his work, he fails, because he cannot turn the 
care, the anxiety of the work into God's hands; he 
must bear the burden of the work himself. 

Honest work, with all care given to God, means joy, 
contentment, success, while dishonest work means sus- 
picion, doubt, sorrow, disappointment and failure, with 
all the care and anxiety resting upon the worker. Let 
us commit all our care upon the Lord and be hap- 
py now and forevermore. 

Anklesvar, India. 



Be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed 
by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is 
that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.— Rom. 
12: 2. 

" Conformed " and " transformed " are here in con- 
trast. It is not sufficient to " be not conformed." 
Some persons think it is. They are careful not to 
conform to the world in its customs, its fashions, and 
its pleasures. But inwardly they are just like the 
world, after all. They have the same old spirit of 
pride, though it be pride of a lack of pride. The same 
old worldly spirit of contention is there. The same 
spirit of jealousy, covetousness, criticism, fault-find- 
ing, selfishness, love of honor or power, greed, love 
of money, etc. For a time they pass as " not con- 
formed," but time and intimacy reveal them woefully 
conformed in mind and spirit to the world, and their 
cloak of nonconformity fails to hide it. 

The cure of it is to be " transformed " or formed 
differently. It is directly a mental transformation — 
" by the renewing of your mind." Paul is not con- 
cerned about external transformations of them- 
selves. He goes to the root of the matter by 
first demanding a renewed mind, well knowing, as a 
student of human and spiritual nature, that a trans- 
formation by a renewed mind will direct the external 
life in perfect accord with the Christian profession. 
We of to-day sometimes forget that human and spirit- 
ual nature is just the same as then, or else we are 
not Paul's equal as their students. 

And the direct object of the " transformation " is 
for our own sakes— " that ye may prove what is 
that . . . will of God." That is what Paul says. 
We forget this when we consider that the principal 
object of the transformation is to show others that 
we are Christians. Did you think that is what it is? 
The object is all of that, and a far greater one. 
" That ye might prove (or know) what is that 
will of God." It is impossible to know God's will 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 


without a renewed mind, " for the carnal mind can not 
receive the things of God, for they are spiritually dis- 
cerned." It is only when our worldly mind is trans- 
formed by renewal that we can at all know God's 


And then, when we know God's will through a re- 
newed mind, and do it, our entire life will be trans- 
formed accordingly, and nonconformity to the world 
will be a living truth, instead of a dead form, or a 
misfitting and transparent cloak. 

Dcs Moines; Iowa. 



In Two Parts.— Part Two. 

Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; vanity of vani- 
ties! all is vanity. — Eccl. 1:1. 

The end of the battle is nigh! The sun's declining 
rays shine dimly in his face! Yes, the end of the 
fierce, sharp struggle of the allotted " three score and 
ten." His reward lies before him! He looks in the 
glass ! Its polished surface reflects the image of a 
weary, worn and (it may be) wretched man — like some 
lonely, tempest-tossed ship — a desolate, deserted dere- 
lict drifting far out into mid-ocean, and cut off from 
the sympathies and communion of his kind. He is 
startled at the sight ! Is that his reflection in the 
glass? That sharp, greedy, pinched-up face that 
greets his astonished eye, is that his face? Surely the 
mirror tells no flattering tale ! 

"Shrine of the mighty! Can it be 
That this is all remains of thee!" 

But why repine? Has he not gained that for which 
he so earnestly and so continuously toiled ? He looks 
at his goodly stack of securities — his bonds — his yel- 
low coin, or, perchance, behind his " spanking bays " 
he drives, with an admiring friend, over his broad 
acres, views his herds of sleek cattle, and points out 
•' his blooded stock " whose names are recorded in the 
" herd book " and whose pedigree cannot be questioned. 
His barns bursting with hoarded grain are pointed out, 
with what he considers a commendable pride, for are 
not these the unmistakable evidences of his own finan- 
cial talent and skill in the circles of trade? These are 
the indisputable evidences of his abounding wealth, and 
as such he considers all men will do him honor ! 

He has, in these things, his abundant reward. These 
are the things for which he has spent his long life of 
unceasing anxiety and toil ! But what then? He 
knows that the end is nigh, that soon the grim Mes- 
senger will knock at his door! Moreover, he knows, 
ah !. how well he knows, that not one cent of his vast 
wealth can he take with him. And O the sickening 
disappointment that fills his soul when he remembers 
this cruel fact ! And now the time is rapidly drawing 
on when he must leave all these sources of pleasure 
behind him, and lie down in the silent grave — that dark 
and dismal hole — and, most terrible reflection of all, 
with no light of hope beyond its gloomy portals ! He 
must now bid farewell to all the wealth, the pleasures, 
and the honors of the world — all the things that he 
has spent his whole lifetime to obtain! And now, 
with the terrors of an open, cheerless, Christless grave 
before him, and with the awful light of eternity about 
to shine in his face, O how hollow and empty and 
barren these things all seem to him now. What com- 
fort now in the gorgeous mansion, the floors of a pal- 
ace, as it were, covered with carpets of richest vel- 
vet, that give back n© echo to the foot, the magnificent 
and costly mirrors, reflecting everywhere the possession 
of all that unbounded wealth can bestow? He thinks 
of the rare, and almost priceless, bric-a-brac, collected, 
perchance, through long years of laborious and costly 
search, in many lands. What comfort now in all these 
things that hitherto had filled " the measure of his 
days"? What trifles, what baubles they seem to the 
sinner's eyes-, as he, for the last time, looks on the 
fading scenes of earth ! What a retrospect of horror 
and remorse to the godless sinner in that hour when 
the grim monster shall knock at his door — that knock 
which, at some time and place, with boney knuckles, 

will be heard at every door. None can escape that 
call! " What man liveth that shall not see death?" 
Psalms 89 : 48. 

The monarch on his throne, the millionaire in his 
robes of velvet and silk, the beggar starving and dy- 
ing in his lowly hut — all will hear that solemn call 
and each and all must obey that summons, and lie 
down in " the windowless chambers of the dead " ! 

But O what a call that will be to the man who has 
robbed God of his life service, and spent all of his 
time adding dollar to dollar, acre to acre, heaping up 
riches and neglecting the interests of his immortal 

In that dread retrospect of a wasted life how pre- 
cious now seem those hours of a misspent life. Like 
the queen Elizabeth — ruler of a mighty nation — could 
he not cry aloud, in the awful remorse of that terrible 
hour, "Millions! millions! for one inch of time!" 
Then will he realize, in some degree at least, the dec- 
laration of our Savior — though long buried under the 
rubbish of the drifting years — " For what is a man 
profited if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his 
own soul?" Matt. 16:26. Or again, "How hardly 
shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of 
God! " Mark 10: 23. 

What anguish must fill his shuddering soul as he 
now hangs this solemn language on memory's inef- 
faceable walls! " It is easier for a camel to go 
through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to 
enter the kingdom of God." Mark 10: 25. No won- 
der that the disciples were appalled at this, and uttered 
that despairing cry, "Who then can be saved?" 
Mark 10:26. No wonder then that the dying mil- 

" Plunged in a gulf of dark despair," 
shudders when he recalls these awful words! 
Roused, at length, from the fatal apathy of a wasted 
life, he realizes his fearful peril! 

O how gladly would he now exchange his luxurious 
bed of eiderdown for the red-hot gridiron of St. 
Lawrence, whereon that noble servant of God went 
home escorted by angels, to his Father's house, where 
many mansions be. Poor, shivering, naked, wretched 
soul! What untold terrors are his who, in such an 
hour as this has not the loving Christ for his friend! 
To him, indeed, the pious pauper's hut were a palace, 
whose walls were carved of jasper, and whose courts 
were paved with gold ! What though his last resting 
place were a headless grave, marked by no monumental 
stone in the " potter's field," yet God knoweth where 
his humble servant sleeps, and watches all that sacred 
dust, till he shall bid it rise. 

How now like a dream of heavenly peace, that once 
despised beggar's triumphant end ! Clothed now in ce- 
lestial robes of spotless white, can this, indeed, be that 
same afflicted child of distress and want, forsaken by 
his fellow-men, sitting at the rich man's gate, clad in 
rags, and dirt, and his body covered with foul and 
stinking sores, and whose only earthly friends were 
the dogs who came, in their mute sympathy, to lick 
those sores? Luke 16:21. 

But there is another picture — and it is one of in- 
finite horror and despair! And it will meet the impeni- 
tent sinner on his deathbed, if nowhere else! It is the 
picture given in God's eternal Word of the rich man's 
doom — the final state of the man whose heart is set 
on filthy lucre to the neglect of God's service. Luke 
16: 19-31. 

The last act of life's drama is here ! The memory of 
neglected opportunities — the priceless privileges of a 
day of gospel grace — point, with dread accusing finger, 
to this wasted life. It were good for that man if he 
had never been born! There is no hope! Nothing 
can deceive the lost wretch now ! He knows that in a 
few brief moments more he shall close his eyes in death. 
He knows that in hell he shall lift up his eyes, "be- 
ing in torment." He knows that he shall cry out, in a 
voice of such agony of soul as no mortal mind can ever 
conceive! He shall cry aloud for pity and pardon of 
that Savior who died on the cross to save him from 
that awful place of torment, but whose offer of mercy 
he refused while he had a period of probation and a 
day of grace on earth. But no voice of mercy shall 

ever awaken the echoes of that dark and dismal abode! 
No sound shall ever be heard in those dolorous re- 
gions but the despairing shrieks of the damned! That 
awful cry shall echo and re-echo, throughout the 
gloomy prison house of the lost, while the endless ages 
of eternity shall roll on, and on, and on, but no Savior's 
kind and tender voice shall ever reply ! 

O careless sinner! man immersed in the cares of 
this life! wake from thy dreadful stupor! Fall on 
thy knees, and cry now — cry with earnest heart — to 
that loving Savior who died that thou mightest live! 
Delay not ! The Spirit cries to thee, " To-day — to- 
day — to-day ! " Even as I write these lines my heart 
goes out in the deepest anxiety that thou mightest come 
to that Savior now, while there yet is hope! " Will 
you not come? " 

And the Spirit and the bride say, Come: and let 
him that hearcth say, Come. And let him that is 
athirst come, and whosoever will, let him take the wa- 
ter of life freely. Rev. 20: 17. Bless God for those 
gracious words ! 
Kansas City, Mo. 


A successful old farmer said recently: "When 
I walk over my farm and see rails that have been 
blown or knocked off the fence, I always stop and 
lay them up." 

This caused us to do some thinking along the line 
of spiritual fences. A successful farmer will keep 
his fences in good repair, otherwise he will have 
trouble with his stock and often suffer loss of grain 
and sometimes of stock. Stock never try to get over 
the fence at the highest or strongest points, or if they 
try they fail ; but the weak point is the usual place 
of attack. This is equally true in a spiritual sense. 
It is very important that the Christian keep his rails 
all laid up, for the evil one " walkcth about as a roar- 
ing lion seeking whom he may devour." If he finds a 
weak place in our spiritual fence he makes that the 
point of attack. No character is stronger than the 
weakest place in that character. If a brother's weak 
point is thirst for the intoxicating bowl, he should 
strengthen his fence at that point; he should plead 
for grace to overcome the " thorn in the flesh," and 
God has promised " not to allow him to be tempted 
above that he is able; but will, with the temptation, 
make a way of escape." If he allows his fence to be 
weak at this point, he is sure to suffer loss. 

That man who has been covetous needs to look well 
to his fence at this point. The undue desire for gain 
among our American people is great, and the brother 
needs to look well to his fence at this point, that he be 
not carried away by the current, his fence weakened, 
and he suffer loss. 

The young Christian lady in this day of display in 
dress, should look well to her fence at this point and 
keep the rails laid up. Both Old and New Testa- 
ment writers have given the gentler sex warning at this 
point, and if there was no danger these warnings would 
not have been given. The elder, " whom the Holy 
Ghost has made overseer of the flock of God," should 
look well to the fences around the flock, lest the wolf 
get into the fold and devour some of the sheep or 
lambs. As far as possible, the elder should live in the 
midst of his flock, that he may be in close touch with 
them, that he may teach, warn and counsel them, and 
thus keep them in line and strengthen the weak places 
that otherwise would prove the loss of some of the 

Milford, Ind. 



CHE following editorial, which recently appeared in 
the Cleveland, Ohio, Press, was read aloud in every 
schoolroom in that city by order of the Cleveland 
board of education: 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 


The song birds of Ohio are to stay where God 
put them-in the woods and fields. He who notes 
even a sparrow in its fall has not forgotten even the 
little troubadours of the sunny skies. He has raised 
up an agency for their defence in their virgin sweet- 
ness, in their primal beauty and in that which gives 
them their beauty and sweetness both-their native 
liberty There is at least one statutory law in which 
■he hand of God is surely visible, and it is being 
righteously enforced. No longer-in northern Ohio 
at least— will the hedges, trees and sky be robbed of 
their richest treasures to adorn human vanity. 

It is a baffling physiological question why a woman 
wants a bird on her hat. It is a confession carried 
aloft like a banner that she needs unnatural aid to 
make her beautiful. For the bird adorns the woman 
-no woman adorns a bird. To refined minds the 
woman is prettier without the bird; to all minds the 
bird is prettier without the woman. The bird on a 
woman's hat is a mark of murder, the most cruel and 
useless that the mind can conceive. And it is even a 
mark of more than that. It is a constant reminder that 
the vanity of the woman can ruthlessly throttle the 
sweetest music that ever kissed the soul, enslave the 
most perfect type of freedom, mar the purest thing 
of beauty in the world, and then place the evidence of 
her heartless crimes above her brow and ask us to 
look and think her more beautiful. Is it, then, to be 
wondered at that humanity has sickened of it and has 
said through the law and game wardens that the song 
birds shall stay where God put them-in the fields and 

There in their native element the song birds are 
man's first, holiest inspiration. They taught him his 
first note in music, and gave him his first dream of 
liberty. They are the greatest optimists in the world, 
teaching always cheer and hope. They croak no mel- 
ancholy dirges, but sing only the song of love, joy and 
praise. They bring into the heart of man naught but 
brightness and take from it naught but gloom. Near 
lo nature's heart, where men and women have souls, the 
song of birds suggests all that is best in life or to be 
longed for in eternity. They whisper to the child its 
first message from the Infinite, and carol to old age 
of glories beyond the vale. From dawn to night, from 
birth to death, they flood our days and lives with mel- 
ody, and cheer with inspiration. 

And let them stay where God put them— in the fields 
and woods, and in human souls. 



If intelligent mankind would have been brought, 
for the first time, face to face with the scenes of war, 
unbiased by the false splendor with which it has been 
invested by historians and poets, no doubt that in the 
light of reason such a mode of adjusting difficulties 
would have been pronounced barbarous and in every 
way unworthy rational beings. And in the light of 
revelation it would have been recognized as the carni- 
val of revenge, and as a gross defiance against God, 
and a disdain to the good feelings of humanity. Or 
if men were accustomed to take the lawfulness of war 
for granted, could they at once have freed themselves 
from all prejudices, and been induced to take up the 
subject, and examine it attentively, with the best rea- 
son and judgment, testing it by the eternal principle 
of right and wrong, they, in common with the best 
and wisest men who have thoroughly and candidly 
studied this question, would have pronounced war a 
horror of horrors and crime of crimes. Still more, if 
such would have taken the New Testament for the 
man of their counsel, and carefully compared its car- 
dinal law of love, its injunction to long-sufferings, 
forbearance, and forgiveness, its blessings on the 
peacemakers, and the whole tenor and spirit of its 
teachings, with the deeds of war and the motive which 
prompts those deeds, they would have at once recog- 
nized the utter incompatibility of war with Christianity, 
and would have wondered that the members of all the 
Christian churches (with but a few exceptions), have 

tolerated an institution so godless, so Christless, so 


We put the question, Have you ever candidly pic- 
tured to yourself the fury and evil passion, the car- 
nage and mutilation of the battlefield, with the long, 
interminable train of woes that follow, the wounds of 
bleeding hearts of widows, mothers, sisters ; wounds 
that never can be healed on this side of eternity ; and 
the wide spread of demoralization resulting from army 
life, and from the presence of an army in any com- 
munity, where the institution of every good society is 
destroyed? Now when you have summed up before 
your imagination the picture of a battle with all its 
concomitants and ghastly realities of the field out to its 
farreaching consequences, then look up to the calm 
heavens, look around you on the beautiful, bounti- 
ful earth, and behold how peace and harmony, and 
good order are the laws of God's visible creation. 
Consult the best feelings which he has placed in your 
hearts, listen to the silent voice of God when you are 
out in the eveningtide, open your soul to the gentle 
teachings of the Holy Spirit, take the New Testament 
for your guide, and candidly obey its teachings of love, 
and pray your Father which is in heaven to guide you 
into all truth, and you cannot fail to see and feel that 
war is utterly wicked, it is a hideous evil, it is a cry- 
ing sin - . . , , 

And yet, if a point of national honor is involved, 

and you are smarting under a sense of national wrong, 
you and the whole nation (including the members of 
the churches) are ready to cry out, war, and when 
war conies to sustain it with your influence, your mon- 
ey, and if need be your lives. War is a crime of na- 
tions ; a contagious epidemic of madness, which fires the 
blood and turns the heads of whole nations at once.. 
But this evil could not continue to exist among Chris- 
tian nations, if the good Christian men were once to 
look upon it in its true light, through the teachings of 
our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and then acknowl- 
edge its monstrous criminality. We therefore 
do solemnly arraign the churches of Chris- 
tianity in all its denominations (save a few 
bodies which have borne a faithful testimony 
in this respect) as being responsible for the con- 
tinuance of this barbarous institution which entails its 
destruction upon the world. The white robes of the 
bride of Christ are pure and spotless. But men pro- 
fessing Christianity have draggled them in blood. The 
skirts of the churches are polluted with the gore of the 
battle-field and stained with the tears of the orphan 
and widow. War seems to aim at setting up the 
kingdom of Satan on the earth, and at the same time 
tries to stand behind the authority and power of the 
church. It says Godspeed to the warrior as he sets 
out on his mission of death. It asks God's blessing on 
the impending fight. It offers its thanksgivings at 
almost every shrine for victories bought with blood. 
Upon this subject it has lost its original principles and 
is responsible for the continuance of war ; for by one 
word from her it would stop war among the great 
nations of the earth which are professing Christianity. 
Louisville, Ohio. 

doms of the world if he would fall down and worship 

But now just stop a moment and think. When do 
you receive true joy, when you do right or when you 
do wrong, when your conscience condemns you or 
when it does not? 

When we are serving Christ we know we are doing 
right. Then we have a clear and a free conscience. 
Christ says: " Come unto me, all ye that labor and 
are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my 
yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and 
lowly in heart ; and ye shall find rest unto your soul." 
Christ is speaking to those who are laboring under the 
burden of sin, those who are trusting to their own 
fancies and to the allurements of the world to bring 
them true joy, whence no true joy can come. How 
often do those who profess Christ, like king Saul, 
disobey God's command by taking their own way to 
serve him, and bring upon themselves that dreadful 
remorse of conscience, instead of the true joy which 
he intended we should have. Christ says: "Come 
unto me ; come into the way which I have commanded 
you ; then, and not until then, can you find rest unto 
your soul." In Christ only can we attain true joy. 
The joys of the world are only momentary. The 
man who drinks intoxicating liquor receives what he 
calls joy for a few moments, and then comes that mis- 
erable drowsiness. How often do we find those who 
profess Christ seeking joy in a saloon or in a pool- 
room, thinking perhaps that none of their people see 
them 1 

Then again the moral man points them out and 
says, " Is there not joy in the Christian life? Why 
do those professing Christ seek joy in such degrading 
places? " 

My dear Christian friends, if you have a desire 
for any of the worldly pleasures, think of what your 
influence will be if you yield to the temptation. Think 
of the many souls whom you may send to eternal ruin 
by your misconduct. Perhaps a son or a daughter, 
a- brother or a sister, may be ruined because of your 

The church member who partakes of liquor or en- 
gages in any of the worldly pleasures when he is away 
from his people, is acting the hypocrite ; he has not yet 
found the " pearl of great price." 

There is no true joy outside of Christ. Only those 
who fully consecrate their lives to Christ can testify of 
the joy in his service, and as we go on through the 
journey of this life, laboring day by day in the kingdom 
of our blessed Master, more and more we shall realize 
the true joy of service. 
Waterloo, Iowa. 




Is there any jov in living a Christian life? Is there 
any joy in living a life like Paul? Is there any joy 
in enduring bonds and afflictions, in suffering perse- 
cution and shipwreck? Is there any joy in depriving 
yourself of worldly pleasure, such as dancing, gam- 
bling and drinking intoxicating liquor? Is there any 
joy in staying away from the ballroom, the poolroom, 
the theater and the circus? 

As the worldly man looks at the Christian life, he 
can see no joy in it. He looks at it as being a 
long procession of crosses and burdens which he, if 
he starts upon the way, must meet and bear. He says 
to himself, " I cannot give up all the joys I have in 
the world and accept the burdens of Christianity." 

O how cunningly Satan plans. How. he tries to 
blind the eyes of the unconverted and to allure them 
with worldly joys. He was even bold enough to try 
to allure the Son of God by offering him the king- 


In the western part of the State of Nebraska there 
are gerat stretches of rolling, sandy plains. There be- 
ing little obstructions to the wind, the plain becomes 
a great, shifting sea of sand. At places the wind has 
a peculiar effect, blowing out holes from a few inches 
to many feet in depth. The sand, being very dry, 
runs down from the top of these holes to the bot- 
tom just as dry wheat will run down the slope of a 
great pile. Sometimes horses and cattle get into these 
blow-outs, as they are called, and perish, unless they 
are found bv some one and helped out, as they can- 
not walk or'climb up the slope of dry, yielding sand. 
Persons have been known to get into these terrible 
death pits. Human bones have been found in them, 
telling the sad story of some poor unfortunate who 
perished only because no one was near in time to help. 
The sinner is in the sand pit of .sin and cannot help 
himself out. It is strange that some do not want to 
get out and don't want anyone to help them out. 

Jesus is ready to save any one who will be helped. 
"Whosoever will may come." "This is a faithful 
saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus 
came into the world to save sinners." I Tim. 1 : 15. 
- And it shall come to pass that whosoever shall call 
on the name of the Lord shall be saved.". Acts 2 : 21. 
Polo, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 

Statistical Report of Our Sunday Schools. 

Following is a summarized report of the Sunday 
schools of the Brethren church as compiled from the 
reports received from the various district secreta- 

While some of these reports have been very tardy, 
we are glad to announce that the last one is here, save 
froni the new district of North Carolina and Florida, 
wihere the district meeting failed to appoint a Sunday- 
school secretary last year. This territory formerly be- 
longed to the Tennessee district, which accounts for 
the decrease in the totals of this district from the 
previous year. 

In a few other districts the report for 1902 is not 

as complete as in the previous year, yet in the average 
there is quite a noticeable increase. This increase is 
partly due to an increased number of superintendents 
reporting the statistics of their schools. 

As a rule our district secretaries are to be com- 
mended for their efforts put forth to encourage the 
Sunday schools of their respective districts and for 
their untiring efforts in securing a complete statis- 
tical report of their districts. In several districts every 
Sunday school is -reported. The first row of figures 
for each State district represents the report for the 
year 1902; the second row of figures represents 
the report for the year 1901. 



, California and Arizona. . . 

. Dakota, North 

. Illinois, Northern 

. Illinois, Southern 

. Indiana, Northern 

. Indiana, Middle 

. Indiana, Southern 

. Iowa, N„ Minn. S., & S. D. 

, Iowa, Middle 

. Iowa, Southern 

. Kansas, Northeastern 
. Kansas. Northwestern 

Kansas, Southeastern. . 

. Maryland, Eastern . . 
. Maryland, Middle... 
. Maryland, Western . 

. Michigan 

Missouri, Northern.. 


. Missouri, Middle 

. Missouri, Southern, and 
Northwestern Arkansas , 

. Nebraska 

. Ohio, Northeastern 

. Ohio, Northwestern , 

, Ohio, Southern 

. Oklahoma 

. Oregon, Washington and 

. Pennsylv 
. Pennsylv 
r. Pennsylv 
. Pennsylv 

. Tennessee, , 

. Texas and Louisiana , 

i. Virginia, First 

- Virginia, Second 

!. West Virginia, First 

-West Virginia, Second 

4». North Carolina and Florida. 

Jesse Emmert, Bulsar, I: 

B. E. Kesler, Farrenburg, Mo. 

Wm. Piatt, Inglewood 

Clara Alstadt, Perth, N. Dak.. 

Grant Mahan, Elgin 

T. M. Masterson, Chatham. 111.. 

J. J. Scrogum, Fairfield, 111 

Metzler. Wakarusa, Ind. . 
S. Burns, Wakarusa, Ind. 
Frank Fisher, Mexico, Ind. 
Howard H. Keim, Ladoga, Ind.. 
Nellie Beaver, Nora Springs, la. 

Mrs. S. B. Miller, Cedar Raplds.Ia. 
H. R. Taylor, 

Anna V. Ramsey, Masscna, la.. 

T. A. Eisenbise, Morrill, Kans.. 
H. D. Blocher, Burroak, Kans.. 
Neher, Girard, Kans 

ild,*~Mc Pbcrso'n, Kai 
P. Englar, Uniontown, Md. . 
Caleb Long, Boonsboro, Md. ... 
. W. Beeghly, Accident, Md. 

.. T. England. Woodland, Mich. 
E "Mohler, Plattsburg, Mo. 
J. H. Shirkcy, 

Sam'l Bollinger, Wooster, Oh: 
Noah Oren, Carthage, Mo. 
H. A. Frantz, Firth, Nebr. 
E. M. Culler. Weilcrsvillc, Oh 
M. Friend, 



David Byerly, 
Levi Minnich, 


nich, Greenville, 

A. J. Smith, Perry, Okta. 

J. A. Eby, Sunnyside, Wash 

E. M. Wenger, Fredcksburg, Pa. 

I. C. Van Dyke. Huntingdon, Pa 

T. B. Emmert, Bulsar. India 

W. A. Anthony, Shady Gr., Pa. 

H. A. Stahl, Glade, Pa 

J. P. Bowman, Jonesboro, Tenn. 

A. J. Wine, Saginaw. Texas 

Jos. H. Murray, Boone Mill, Va. 
J. W. Wampler, Edom, Va. 
G. S. Arnold, Burlington, W. Va 
J. F. Ross, : 

mpson, W. Va. 

The term promises to be one of more than usual 
interest and our ministers, Sunday-school and mission- 
ary workers, and all who are interested in Christian 
work, should make a strong effort to be present. You 
cannot spend your time and money to a better pur- 
pose. Then, too, the congregations should see that as 
many of their ministers as possible attend, and also pro- 
vide the very small amount needed to meet their ex- 
penses. Encourage your ministers in this way, and 
you will be amply repaid in the character and enthu- 
siasm of their service for the church. 

In addition to die day sessions, conducted by dif- 
ferent brethren, the doctrines of the church will be 
discussed by brethren J. EI. Sell. T, T. Myers and A. 
H. Haines. Bro. Myers will conduct a class in Sun- 
day-school normal work which will be of interest to 
Sunday-school workers, 

Bro. iM. G. Brumbaugh will give evening lectures on 
the following topics; "The Brethren Church in Eu- 
rope," " The Brethren Church in America," and "The 
Religious Element in Education." Other lectures 
may follow. 

Bro, P. B. Fitzwater, of Sidney, Ohio, will conduct 
evangelistic services, which will commence the latter 
part of the second week. 

As the attendance at the winter school term promises 
to lie large, those who contemplate coming should noti- 
fy us as soon as possible, so that wc can arrange for 
their accommodation. Address, J, B, Brumbaugh. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 
Huntingdon, Pa, } Dec, .,*/. 


Since some of our Sunday-school workers have re- 
quested a report as given above, and since its compile- 
ment has necessitated the mailing of about five thou- 
sand letters and the use of much valuable time, our 
Sunday-school workers generally, and especially our 
district Sunday-school secretaries, should preserve this 
copy. Every superintendent and secretary and all 
others who have in any way been helpful in securing 
the above statistics have our sincere thanks ; and as 

the time is near at hand when another annual report 
shall be made, we hope that the above workers will 
give another prompt and willing response and that our 
report for 1903 may be more complete and record a 
greater number of accessions to the church from the 
ranks of the Sunday school than any previous re- 

Levi Minnich, Gen. S. S. Sec. 

Greenville, Ohio. 



The special Bible term will commence on Saturday, 
Jan. 23, and will continue two weeks. It will be no- 
ticed that the term is shorter than heretofore, and 
those who come should not fail to be here on Saturday- 
The first session will be held at 3 P. M., and another 
a * 7 ■ 30. 

We have just arranged with Bro. A. C. Wieand, of 

the Bible Teachers' Training School, New York, 
to be with us at least part of the first week. He in- 
forms us that he will be able to reach us Saturday 
morning, Jan. 2$, and will he ready for work 
at once. He will lecture on religious pedagogy 
and other topics that will be interesting and in- 
structive to our people. We therefore urge that all 
who can come make it a point to be here at the first 
session on Saturday. He will preach on Sunday 
morning and evening. 

Ir there were misgivings and worry as to the out- 
come and value of an institute they were abundantly 
satisfied in the first one. The highest hopes of the 
committee were realized. Attendance and interest 
were good throughout. The instructors did their 
parts ably. An examination shows an enrollment of 
150, among whom were twenty-four superintendents 
and fifty-seven teachers. The instructors did their 
work well, and a great growth in spirit must result in 
our Sunday schools. The lecture on "The Sunday- 
school Boy " ought to he heard in every congregation. 
A good view of the lessons from January to June, 1904, 
a better idea of how to analyze, a better understanding 
of the scholar rind of our responsibility in the Sunday 
school, are some of die results of the instruction. All 
in attendance fell greatly benefited. 

The next one is 10 be held in June. 1904. We an- 
ticipate great results from this work in the future, 
both here and in oilier districts. 

Dayton, Ohio, Dec. ji. 


I' pareni ought to have tin- report lately issued 
b\ the Boston Young Men's Christian Association 
which contains (he result of careful study upon the at- 
titude of young men toward the church. The census 
which thej have compiled shows that in families where 
both parents are members of the same denomination 
seventy-eight per cent of the young men in such fam- 
ilies are also churchmembers. Where both parents arc 
churchmembers but members of different churches, 
nfu -live per cent are churchmembers. Where one par- 
ent' is a churchmember and the other is outside the 
church, fifty per cent join. In families of mixed Cath- 
olic and Protestant marriages, sixty-five per cent are 
not connected with either. Where both are Protes- 
tants this ratio is reduced to thirty-two per cent. No 
one can read these statistics and fail to understand 
what obstacles to piety a household religiously divided 
must forever hit.— Interior. 

When a man and wife enjoy hearing each other 
talk in a class-meeting it is a pretty good sign that 
thev both have the right kind of religion. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904- 



We read of this little book in the first sentence of 
the New Testament : " The book of the generation of 
Jesus Christ." What is that book of which Matthew 
speaks, and where is it? Does he refer to the Bible? 
Or to the Old Testament? Or to the New Testa- 
ment? Or to the life of Christ as contained in the 
four Gospels? Or to the book of Matthew ? No; to 
none of these. He refers to a very little book. It is 
all contained in the first chapter of Matthew; or, more 
specifically, the first seventeen verses of that chapter. 
The title of this little book in full is, " The book of 
the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the 
son of Abraham." In other words, this list of all but 
unheard-of. unpronounceable names in Matt. 1:2-17, 
is called " the book of the generation of Jesus Christ." 
A very little book; but, brother, have you read 
it lately? How lately? Not in the last twelve 
months? How is that? Is it true that you have 
neglected a whole book a whole year? And yet how 
common it is for us to have our preferences even in 
this matter of Bible truth. There are some parts of 
the Bible we like better than others. We commit to 
memory the Beatitudes and the Twenty-third Psalm, 
and we read the eighteenth of Matthew and the thir- 
teenth of John and the twelfth of Romans and the elev- 
enth of First Corinthians, and many other parts of the 
Bible we do not as much as see from year's end to 
year's end. We condemn other people for preferring 
one Bible truth to another; but we do the same thing 
ourselves; and as we do so, we become inconsis- 
tent, uncharitable and unfair. " Thou therefore which 
teachest another, teachest thou not thyself ? Thou that 
preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?" 
Rom. 2:21. 

But this very little book, — what about it? If there 
is anything in it worthy of our attention, what is it? 
Shall I try to mention all that might be said about 
this book? O, no; not now. It is a very little book, 
but its littleness is very great. We shall now men- 
tion but one fact concerning it, and this fact alone 
makes it a book of unspeakable significance and value ; 
indeed by reason of this fact it becomes a Bible with- 
in itself. Beginning with Abraham, we read through 
a list of forty generations, which closes with these 
words : " And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of 
Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ." 
This little book brings us by a long and tiresome jour- 
ney — a journey of forty life-times, — but the destina- 
tion compensates for all, — it reveals to us and leads 
us to Jesus Christ. And because of this significant 
fact, this little book becomes a Bible within itself. 
But for this fact, it would not be worth the time it 
takes to read it; we might tear it from our Bibles 
and throw it away, or treat it as if it were not there, 
as many have done, which is about the same thing. 
Indeed our Bible would not be worthy a place in our 
homes, were it not for the fact that it reveals as its 
center and circumference, its soul and significance, 
Jesus Christ, as the Savior of the world. And be- 
cause of the fact that this very little book of Matt. 
1 : 1-17, reveals to us this same " Jesus who is called 
Christ," it deserves our reverent and careful study. 
Jasper, Mo. 



sing, there would such an influence go out that 
our churches would be filled. But in order to have 
such an influence we must live godly lives ; we must 
be at peace with God and man, or our singing will 
have but little influence. A certain poet says as fol- 
lows : " When a man lives with God, his voice shall 
be as sweet as the murmur of the brook and the rustle 
of the corn." So you see we must first get our- 
selves in the proper condition, then study our songs 
and hymns, make them a part of ourselves, before 
we can sing them in the way the author intended we 
should sing them. Prof. Shaw in his voice culture 
in the chorus says as follows : " You have no busi- 
ness to sing carelessly or feelinglessly. The weakest 
stanza ever set to music contains an idea. Think of it, 
picture it, paint it all the more glowingly, for its very 
weakness. If the thought be intense, then, surely, 
paint it more vividly for its very strength." 

2. If our singing is with the spirit and understand- 
ing (as we are commanded to sing), it attracts the at- 
tention of the children. Children like music, I know 
it from my personal experience. When I was a boy I 
attended Sunday school fully as much for the singing 
as I did to study the Bible, because I always have 
had a love for singing, and I am fully convinced that 
children love singing just as much now as we did when 
we were children. So let us make our song service 
in the Sunday school as lively and spiritual as possible, 
because little children prefer good music to poor, a 
beautiful, rich melody to a thin, poor one. And let us 
teach them the grand old hymns, such as " Nearer, my 
God to thee," " Jesus, lover of my soul," etc., as well 
as the new ones. We should have singing in our 
homes daily, and have our children sing. Teach them 
the songs and hymns we sing, then, when they go to 
Sunday school and church, they will gladly join in with 
us in our song service. 

3." The effect of song is to unify us. It touches the 
heart, stirs up, enlivens, calms, elevates, inspires. 

The following are quotations: "A company of 
singers is like a company of brothers, the heart is 
opened, and in the stream of song, they feel themselves 
of one heart and one mind." — Werder, " Singing is 
heart speaking to heart ; inward life speaking to inward 
life. The power of moving the feelings is the power 
by which the world is governed." So says Charles 
Wesley Emerson in his book on voice culture. 

My prayer is that we all devote more time to the 
study of sacred song in the future than we have in the 
past, because it is a power for good. 

Morrill, Kans. 

forming all organizations to have an initiatory rite by 
which the subject could be publicly known, the very 
significant ordinance of baptism was instituted or ac- 
cepted as the rite by which men and women were to be 
inducted into the new kingdom. As he came into the 
world to be a leader and exemplifier, he should re- 
ceive the rite himself. Follow my example, — do as I 
do. To be subjects of this kingdom, it required a 
new mode of life, which meant, in character and pur- 
pose, a new creature, therefore the rite of entrance 
must be symbolical of this change, and, because of 
this, we have baptism by immersion in water, which 
signifies a death and burial of the old life and a com- 
ing forth of a new man, new creature, to live a new 
life. On this baptism we have the sanction of the 
Father in the sending of the Holy Spirit to confirm 
the work done. " This is my beloved Son." If we are 
proper subjects for this holy rite, the same evidence 
comes to us. We receive the divine sanction. But be- 
fore entering upon his public ministry he passes 
through a season of fasting, followed by a course of 

A little northwest of Jericho are, in range, three 
mounts, the middle one being somewhat taller than 
the side ones. In the evening, as we came from the 
Jordan, and the reputed place where Jesus was bap- 
tized, towards the city of Jericho, there was a light 
shower of rain that kissed the sides of these mounts. 
After the shower a beautiful rainbow spanned the 
two side mounts over the middle one, said to be the 
mountain of temptation. It was a most beautiful sight, 
as we viewed it, casting, as it did, a crown of rain- 
bow light over it, and thus, in a special way reminded 
us, with vividness, of the scene of temptation and the 
glorious victory the Christ gained over the world, sin 
and the devil. As he overcame, so may we. The pic- 
ture, as we then beheld it, has remained in our mind 
ever since, and the reseeing it always brings pleasure 
and helpfulness. 

The narrative is worthy of our careful study because 
the more real we can get mind pictures of "the beau- 
tiful Christ life, the more beautiful will our own lives 
grow. We grow on what we feed. 

These three temptations are representative of all the 
temptations that can meet us in life, Study to know 
and understand them, and then determine, by God's 
help, to overcome them as Jesus did, and a great battle 
is fought, a great victory is won, a great peace begun. 


Matt. 3:13 to 4:11. 


Lesson for Jan. 17, 1904. 

oice from lieaven. saying, 
/bom I am well pleased. — 


This is a part of the Sunday-school service that we 
as professing Christians should be greatly interested 

1. Because on it depends largely the success of our 
Sunday school. I feel that if every one that attends 
our Sunday schools would enter into the song serv- 
ice with the true spirit of the songs and hymns we 

Golden Text.— And lo. 
This is my beloved Son, 
Matt. 3:17. 

In the life of the Christ we have two periods of si- 
lence as far as history speaks: (1) From his child- 
hood to his appearance in the temple at the age of 
twelve years. (2) From the temple appearance to the 
lime of his baptism. During this latter period he no 
doubt lived and labored much as other boys of the city 
in which he lived. What his educational advantages 
were, we do not know. As the city did not have much 
reputation, morally, intellectually or spiritually, it is 
probable that outside of the regular Jewish teaching 
and good home training, his educational advantages 
were only ordinary, such as language instruction and a 
careful study of the law. Already at the age of 
twelve he seems to have been well versed in the law, 
and if such study was continued through the eighteen 
years of silence, his store of practical knowledge may 
have been very considerable. It is to be presumed that 
these years were largely spent in his home city and 
surrounding country. 

" Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto 
John, to be baptized of him." The time had now come 
that he was to be more fully about his Father's busi- 
ness. His forerunner had come, material was being 
formed for the beginning of the new kingdom of 
which he was to be the King. As it is necessary in 


WHOLE-HEARTED SERVICE.— Joshua 24:13-25- 

For Week Ending Jan. 16, 1904. 

. Salvation the Ground of Service. Israel had obtained 
"a mighty deliverance" and as a consequence they 
recognized that they ought to serve the Lord. The 
same principle is emphasized in relation to the believer 
in Christ. We do not " serve " to be " saved." but we 
are " saved " to " serve." 
, Separation the Forerunner of Service. Joshua com- 
manded. "Put away the gods" (verses 14. 23)- Gods 
vessels must be clean (Isa. 66: 20); so. also, all who aid 
in God's service (Isa. 52:")- We must put away the 
idols of the love of this world (1 John 2: is): the pride 
of the flesh (2 John 9); worship of man (1 Cor. 1: 12): 
love of money (I Tim. 6: 10); applause of men (John 5: 
44). God can use only those who are wholly separated 
to himself. 
3 Sincerity and Truth Essentials in Service. (Verse 14). 
Like the two pillars. Jachin and Boaz, in Solomon's 
temple, which implied strength and purpose (1 Kings 
7- 21), so sincerity and truth are the main pillars of our 
spiritual temple, giving strength to heart and life and 
true impulses to our purposes. 

4. Singleness of Aim the Strength of Service. The Lord 
demands our absolute service,- — 
3: 23; 1 Cor. 10: 31. " Do all " 
claim. It is our privilege to make the Lord's work our 
chief concern. 

5. Final Results an Incentive to Service. The gracious 
love of God in giving Israel the good land should have 
prompted them to whole-hearted service to the Lord. 
So God's love should constrain us to love him. Christ s 
death should be the moulding power to make us die to 
sin; his life should prompt us to a noble. Christian life 
of consecration. 

-no divided effort. Col. 
the divine call and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— -January 9, 1904. 




No, comrades, I thank you — not any for me; 
My last chain is riven — henceforward I'm freel 
I will go to my home and my children to-night 
With no fumes of liquor their spirits to blight; 
And with tears in my eyes I will beg my poor wife 
To forgive me the wreck I have made of her life. 
I have never refused you before? Let that pass, 

For I've drank my last glass, boys. 

T have drank my last glass. 

Just look at me now, boys, in rags and disgrace, 
With my bleared, haggard eye's, and my red, bloated face; 
Mark my faltering step and my weak, palsied hand, 
And the mark on my brow that is worse than Cain's 

See my crownless old hat, and my elbows and knees. 
Alike, warmed by the sun, or chilled by the breeze. 
Why, even the children will hoot as I pass; — 

But I've drank my last glass, boys. 

I have drank my last glass. 

You would hardly believe, boys, to look at me now 
That a mother's soft hand was pressed on my brow — 
When she kissed me, and blessed me, her darling, her 

pride, — 
Ere she laid down to rest by my dead father's side: 
But with love in her eyes, she looked up to the sky, 
Bidding me meet her there, and whispered, " Good-bye," 
And I'll do it, God helping! Your smile I let pass, 

For I've drank my last glass, boys, 

I have drank my last glass. 

Ah! I reeled home last night — it was not very late, 

For I'd spent my last sixpence, and landlords won't wait 

On a fellow who's left every cent in their till. 

And has pawned his last bed their coffers to fill. 

Oh, the torments I felt, and the pangs T endured! 

And I begged for one glass — just one would have cured, — 

But they kicked me out doors! I let that, too, pass, 

For I've drank my last glass, boys, 

I have drank my last glass. 

At home my pet Susie, with her rich golden hair. 
I saw through the window, just kneeling in prayer; 
From her pale, bony hands, her torn sleeves were strung 

While her feet, cold and bare, shrank beneath her scant 

And she prayed — prayed for bread, just a poor crust of 

bread, — 
For one cjust, on her knees my pet darling plead! 
And I heard, with no penny to buy one, alas! 

But I've drank my last glass, boys, 

I have drank my last glass. 

For Susie, my darling, my wee six-year-old. 

Though fainting with hunger and shivering with cold, 

There, on the bare floor, asked God to bless me! 

And she said, "Don't cry, mamma! He will; for you see 

I believe what I ask for." Then sobered, I crept 

Away from the house, and that night, when I slept, 

Next my heart lay the pledge! You smile! Let it pass, 

For I've drank my last glass, boys, 

I have drank my last glass. 

My darling child saved me! Her faith and her love 
Are akin to my dear sainted mother's above! 
I will make my words true, or I'll die in the race. 
And sober I'll go to my last resting place: 
And she shall kneel there, and, weeping, thank God 
No drunkard lies under the daisy-strewn sodl 
Not a drop more of poison my lips shall e'er pass, 
For I've drank my last glass, boys. 
I have drank my last glass. 
Pentz. Pa. 



This theme refers only to " correct " training of 
children, and we are grieved very much when we look 
on the opposite side of the subject and see the incorrect 
culture and training that parents, — and Christian par- 
ents too, — often exercise over their children. 

Many, I suppose, doubt the correctness of Sol- 
omon's maxim, " Train up a child in the way he 
should go, and when he is old he will not depart from 
it." Prov. 22:16. They point to children of pious 
parents who have departed sadly from the way in 
which their parents taught them. This, no doubt, is 
due to the failure of the objector to understand what 
the wise man said. He does not say, " Teach a child 
in the way he should go ; " but, " Train up a child in 
the way he should go." Training is to teach and 

form by practice. It is not enough to keep up a con- 
tinual " ding-dong " of precepts and doctrines in the 
ears of the children, which may, and often do, create 
a dislike for religious service, and things pertaining to 
a higher life. 

The child must be trained. Where, then, must this 
training begin ? Most assuredly we would all answer 
— in the home. Then we believe that the highest type 
of " home" has been produced and preserved only in 
the line of Christian revelation. So then it is alone up- 
on the application of Christian principles that the struc- 
ture of a Christian home and family can stand. 

The home and family has its origin, is divine, and 
God has instituted laws for its regulations and pros- 
perity. These laws must be respected and obeyed, or 
home ceases to be the blessing intended — the great 
training school for the church — the safeguard of so- 
ciety, and the true type of heaven. 

This home of which I have been speaking is a 
Christian home — a home where love reigns supreme- 
ly — a home where Jesus loves to dwell — a home where 
father and mother are training those entrusted to their 
care in a way that is pleasing to our heavenly Father. 

There probably never was a man or woman so per- 
verted as not to feel that the sweetest consolations and 
best rewards of life were found in the loves and de- 
lights of home. At least this is what home should 
mean to everyone. 

As we have already said, home is a type of heaven. 
In the home lies the destiny of the church, as well as 
that of the nation. Then will not some dear father 
and mother to-day awake more fully to a sense of their 
duty and take for example the meek and lowly Jesus, 
and so guide and train their children along the un- 
erring way? 

Again, I maintain that a child must be trained ; it 
must be brought into the practice of the virtues and ap- 
plications of the principles it has been taught. 

Next to the influence of the home comes that of the 
Sunday school. In this the child must not only be 
taught, but it must be trained in the way of righteous- 
ness. We may well talk of the goodness of the Lord 
and teach it to the children, that they early in life, may 
love the Lord and walk before him all the days of their 
lives, ever remembering that the Lord beholdeth both 
the evil and the good. 

So great is the importance of this subject that I be- 
lieve the true secret of all Christian work, both in the 
home and in the Sunday school, is found in the proper 
consideration of it. 

How true that the home training alone does not 
bring the child into direct sympathy with the church, 
or prepare the mind so that it is properly trained in 
the direction of church work. I say the home alone 
will never be able to do this great work. But the 
home as an auxiliary to the Sunday school and church 
can do much, very much ; but alone either of them is 
very deficient along the line of Christian training. 

To the home it belongs to see that the children are 
in Sunday school, and there prepared by study to 
profit the most that is possible by their teacher's 
wdrk. Upon the home devolves the task of develop- 
ing the truth in the mind of the child by proper teach- 
ing and example. 

It is the teacher's work, not by harsh means, but 
by allowing the love of her soul for them to shine in 
on their hearts, and by this love for them they will 
gradually respond to ah that is holy and inspiring. 

By this means, and no other, can you lead a child in- 
to God's love. Through your love for them they see 
foreshadowed the greater love of the blessed Jesus. 

It is true you may deceive older persons, but the only 
way you can get children to believe you love them, is 
to love them. 

How beautiful and inspiring are the words of the 

"Thou must be true thyself. 

If thou the truth wouldst teach, 
Thy soul must overflow, if thou 

Another's soul would reach. 
It needs the overflowing heart 

To give the lips full speech." 

Of this beautiful realm, the home, the mother is 
queen : and what a responsibility rests upon her alone ! 

If she is in the best sense womanly, she is true and 
tender, loving and gentle, patient and self-devoted, 
A mother's sympathies and prayers are of inestimable 
value in leading a young mind in the straight and nar- 
row way. True, a father's example may be the high- 
est force in developing a boy's life. But no matter 
how great the influences of home are, they alone can- 
not accomplish this gTeat work of correct training. 
Then let us, as the children of God, pray more earnestly 
that the home, Sunday school and church may ever 
stand united upon this subject of training the young 
to become valiant soldiers of the cross. 
Joncsboro, Tenn. 



( )nce more the blessed Christmas season has 
brought a ray of sunshine across the- dull old 
earth. Christmas does not mean to us what it used to 
in the careless days of childhood. Then it was a time 
of joyous mystery, when we searched slyly for the fas- 
cinating and mysterious bundles we had seen smug- 
gled into the house, when we counted the days until 
the long-looked- tor morning should arrive, when we 
could hardly wait for the day to dawn that we might 
go down and look in our stockings. Our one thought 
was, " What will Santa Claus bring to me? " It was 
to us a day of receiving, and in that its pleasure lay. 

But that thought has mostly passed away ; to us now 
the day has a more beautiful meaning, — that of giv- 
ing. For when our Savior was here did he not teach 
us that it is more blessed to give than to receive? 
We are also taught to practice lilting lives with sweet- 
ness ; to speak approving words while the ear can hear 
them and while the heart can be thrilled and made 
happier. Flowers upon the casket or the tomb are 
emblematic of respect, love and memory, but flowers 
in the sick room, words of encouragement or some 
gentle and thought fill deed freshens the weary heart 
of (he living and brightens and sweetens their homes 
before they leave them. 

It is far better to have a plain coffin without a 
flower, a funeral without a eulogy, than a life without 
the sweetness of love and sympathy. Post-mortem 
kindness does not cheer the burdened spirit, Flowers 
on the bier cast no fragrance back over the weary way. 
Let the children learn this lesson as early as pos- 
sible; teach the little fingers to fashion simple gifts, 
crude though their efforts may be, for papa and mam- 
ma, brother and sister, and let them help in carrying 
Christmas joy to the poor. And thus, even in child- 
hood, will they catch the true spirit of the day. 

Pyrmont, Did. 


The enrollment of the society for the six 
months, from June 17 to Dec. 17, was thiry-four, with 
an average attendance of twelve. Twenty-seven ar- 
ticles were made, amounting to $19.55. w ' tn a c °l" 
lection of $7.57. We spent $6.45 for goods; sent $16 
to support an orphan in India one year; donated the 
Gospill MESSENGER to a sister one year, and donated 
work to three families, leaving $3.23 in the treasury. 

Lizzie C Netzley, Sec. 
Denbigh, N. Pali., Dec. 20. 


THE Aid Society at this place is quite small; never- 
theless we have been doing what we could find to do. 
Most of our work has been quilting. As 1903 draws 
to a close, we find we have had an average attendance 
of five; have taken in $18.56, which has been used in 
different ways. 

At our last two meetings we prepared a large box 
of clothing for the Kansas City flood-stricken people. 
Martha H. Keller. 

Dec. 23. 

?>55KP I 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9. I9°4- 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, Id 

1). L. Miller, Illinois, I 
H. B. Brumbaugh, Pa., > t 
H. C. Early. Virginia, 

Adoitory CommlU*' Do«Ut Ita 

I H Moore. ■ ■ Office Editor. 
Grant' MahAN, Associate Editor. 
Jos. Amick, - Business Manager. 

JT. R. turter, Kdunrd Fronts. 

any individual connected with it. 

revival at the 

There were six baptized during tin 
Franklin church, Ohio. 

Six persons were recently admitted into the York- 
church, Pa., by confession and baptism. 

DURING the protracted meeting in the Walnut 
■hurcli, Intl., five applied for baptism. 

Bko. S. B. Shirkey, of Rockingham, Mo., should 
hereafter be addressed at Norborne, same State. 

A PROTRACTED meeting in the Jeters chapel, Bedford 
Co.. Va., resulted in five additions to the church. 

!The Bible term of the Juniata College, Huntingdon, 
Pa., with a well-arranged program, opens Jan. 23. 
Bko. Henry J. Neff, of Indiana, will locate at 
Rockford, 111., and take charge of the mission in that 


If there are any members in the southwestern part 
of Piatt County, Kansas, they will please communicate 
with S. C. Wirt, Preston, Kans. 

Our correspondent at Palmyra, Pa., reports that 
eight persons at that place recently came out on the 
Lord's side to be numbered with the saints. 

Bho. P. F. Eckerle, of Lanark, called on us last 
Monday. He was with the Brethren at Batavia over 
Sunday, and conducted the morning services. 

The new church at East Maple, Johnson Co., Kans., 
is to be dedicated Jan. 17. This is where the meet- 
inghouse was destroyed by a cyclone last September. 

The Brethren in the Walnut church, Ind., are re- 
oorted to be in the midst of an interesting series of 
meetings conducted by Bro. Henry Wysong. 

Brother and Sister Hilary, who spent three years 
at mission work in Canada are to open up a mission 
in Winona City, Minn. They enter upon their work 
next spring. 

Bro. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, was among those 
who called at the House last Monday. He came out 
to Batavia to attend the young people's meeting on 
Sunday evening. 

Bro. Isaac Wagoner, a member of the mission 
board of North Dakota and Northern Minnesota, has 
changed his address from Newville, N; Dak., to Stark- 
weather, same State. 

On Friday evening of last week a short service was 
held at the Brethren church in Elgin, after which the 
rite of baptism was administered, a young woman hav- 
ing decided to give her life to Christ and his cause. 

1 N Germany there is said to be a custom that ought 
to prevail all over the world. If, during the year, 
there has been trouble between parties it is presumed 
to end with the dying year. Enemies must shake 
hands and then become friends again. The past is 
forgotten and they enter upon the duties and joys of 
the new year with new hearts, new resolves and re- 
newed energies. The custom is to be commended, and 
yet ther- is a finer one recommended in the Scriptures: 
" Let not the sun go down upon your wrath." 

Bro John P. Bailey, of Iowa, is now in South- 
west Missouri, and until the middle of February may 
be addressed at Bolivia, Polk County. Churches m 
that part of the Brotherhood desiring his services may 
communicate with him. 

We see by the minutes of the district meeting of 
Northern Missouri, a copy of which has just come 
to our desk, that Bro. M. E. Stair is to represent the 
district on the Standing Committee at the next An- 
nual Meeting. No papers are sent to the Conference. 

Bro. E. B. Hoff was with the Brethren at Batavia 
last Sunday. He was on his way to Iowa. He, with 
others, attended the union meeting of the young peo- 
ple of Chicago, Naperville, Batavia and Elgin. The 
gathering is said to have been well attended, full of in- 
terest and quite ins piring. 

For a list of the Gish books our ministers should 
turn to page 52 of the Brethren Almanac. There 
we have a list of fourteen books that may-be had for 
the mere cost of postage and packing. With such 
a chance as this no minister should be without a li- 
brary. This list is growing, but every preacher's li- 
brary should grow fully as fast as the list. 

The wife of Bro. A. L. Grater, of Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania, died in December. Sister Grater and her hus- 
band were well known and greatly beloved here in 
Illinois. They lived in the Rock Creek congregation, 
near Sterling, and their many friends will learn of the 
death of the sister with regrets. The obituary will 
appear in the next issue of the Messenger. 



Those of our ministers who desire a copy of that 
excellent work, " The Book of Books," should order it 
at once. One of our preachers, who has spent a good 
deal of time and money preparing for the ministry, 
writes that he has for years been looking for a book 
of this kind, and was wondering where one might 
he found. Regarding the different versions of the 
Bible, where the book came from, the different periods 
through which it has passed, along with a history of 
the old manuscripts and many other things of equal 
importance, the work gave him just the information 
he needed. Order the work without delay, read it 
this winter and mark it as you go. The man who 
masters the contents of the volume will know more 
about the origin and make-up of the Bible than he ever 
thought of before. The Gish Committee regards this 
as a valuable addition to the selection of works so far 
made, and believes that it will be greatly appreciated 
by our ministers. Price, $1.00. Or to ministers of 
the Brethren church for the mere cost of postage and 
packing, twelve cents. 

„. I. G. Rover happened to be near the terrible 
scene in' Chicago last week where nearly six hundred 
people were burned to death in the Iroquois theater. It 
gave him a sensation, so he writes, that he is likely 
never to forget. Summing the whole thing up he 
says, it is better to die in a church than in a theater, 
and it is far better to go to church than to attend 

the theater. 

Those ordering the " Eternal Verities " will exer- 
cise a little patience. To fill the large and growing de- 
mands we will have to print more books, and it will 
require eight or ten days for the printers and binders 
to get the books ready for filling orders. In the mean- 
time those who have not yet renewed for the Mes- 
senger should do so without delay and also place 
their order for the book. 

Concerning the late protracted meeting at Cherry 
Grove, three miles north of Lanark, 111., the Lanark 
Gazette says : " The series of meetings which has 
been in progress for the past three weeks by Rev. 
Snell closed Sunday night with one of the most inter- 
esting sermons that was ever delivered in the Cherry 
Grove church. His text was, 'God's Handwriting 
on the Wall,' and the church being crowded every- 
body seemed to be interested." 

Bro. Robert E. Arnold, who was elected Assistant 
Business Manager of the Publishing House, last fall, 
entered upon his duties the first of the year. Bror Ar- 
nold is the son of Elder D. B. Arnold, of Burlington, 
W. Va., and brother of the lamented C. E. Arnold, of 
McPherson, Kans. He is a young man of thorough 
business training, and brings to the House years of ex- 
perience as an active business man. We welcome him 
among us here in the House, and trust he may find his 
work pleasant and prove a valuable addition to the 
growing band of workers in the Brethren Publishing 

The hope of the church is in the hands of the young 
men and the young women who have fully resolved 
in their own heart that they propose to live right 
and stand by the principles of the Gospel, whether 
anvone else does or not. Not only so, but they have 
determined in their heart that they will do their 
utmost to help others to live the higher, the better 
and the more consecrated life. Such men and women 
may well be classed with the Gideon three hundred. 
Whether rich or poor, learned or illiterate, they can be 
depended upon. Others may flinch, but they will 
stand firm, whether they be few or many. 


Without meaning to do so, a pious old lady one 
time scored a point against the wrong use of com- 
mentaries. She said she liked the Bible to well be- 
cause it threw so much light on the commentaries. 
She first went to the Bible for light and then she could 
understand the Bible helps all the better. And, by the 
way, the idea is not to be lightly set aside. Men 
and women who study their Bible well can get far 
more good out of a commentary, Bible dictionary or 
Sunday-school help than those who reverse the order. 
This reminds us of Bro. R. H. Miller's method of 
studying the Bible topically. He spent days and 
sometimes weeks with his reference Bible and con- 
cordance on one subject. After well digesting every- 
thing said on the subject by the inspired writers, mas- 
tering it in all its parts as near as possible, he went 
to work on his helps and carefully read everything 
he could get hold of bearing on the question in hand. 
By the time he was through with his helps he prob- 
ably knew more about the matter than most of the 
best commentators. If there is a better way of study- 
ing the Bible we have not been apprized of it. As the 
old lady said, the Bible throws much light on the com- 
mentaries. If well studied, it will throw light on ev- 
ery page of Your Sunday-school helps as well as on 
each and every subject treated in the Bible dictiona- 
ries. Study your Bibles first and your helps next. 


Most of the Messenger readers have heard this 
thought presented scores of times, sometimes in one 
form and then in another. It is the same as "not 
compromising principle," " doing no "violence to prin- 
ciple," or " not surrendering principle." In one way 
or the other it enters into the make-up of all Christian 
creeds, though in the minds of each it may not cover 
the same ground. With the Brethren it is meant to 
apply to the fundamentals of the Gospel, and with us 
these fundamentals are more numerous than with most 
others. We look upon all the leading Bible teachings, 
doctrines and commands as fundamentals. With us 
they are principles that must of necessity ever be kept 
in view in all of life's relations. We would not think 
of surrendering one of these fixed principles. To do 
so would be to endanger our whole system of religion. 
The thought of remaining loyal or_true to these 
principles has been most thoroughly ground into us. 
We have been rooted and grounded in them. To each 
and everv one of them we have allowed ourselves to 
become securely anchored. And the more thorough 
this anchoring, the less liable are we to be driven 
about by everv wind of doctrine. As a people we have 
accepted the God of the Bible and now look upon the 
Bible as his inspiring book. We accept the divinity 
of Christ and the Holy Ghost and believe in the atone- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January g. 1904. 


ment. We recognize the church founded by Christ as 
the kingdom of God upon the earth, and without re- 
serve accept the faith, the duties and ordinances per- 
taining to this church and its members. We accept 
all that is said regarding the holy life, and look 
forward to the resurrection, the final judgment, the 
punishment of the disobedient and the reward of the 

With all of these in mind as fundamentals, we may 
well talk about remaining loyal to the principles of the 
New Testament form of religion. When a course of 
procedure or a manner of life is suggested, we may 
consistently ask ourselves , whether it means the sac- 
rifice of principle, or even the endangering of any gos- 
pel principle. Tf it does, then it is our clear duty to 
take our stand against it, for it is the duty of the 
children of God to appear in defense of every divine 
principle set forth in, or endorsed by the New Testa- 
ment. We cannot afford to surrender a principle 
when it comes to deciding on a question. 

But where no principle is at stake, or where no prin- 
ciple in any manner is endangered, there is liberty, and 
this liberty may apply to the individual member or it 
may apply to the church. To illustrate : A man may 
build his house of stone, brick or wood. He may build 
it one story or he may make it ten stories high. For a 
business he may engage in farming, stock-raising, mer- 
chandising or milling. In the professional line, he 
may be a teacher, or a physician, a dentist, an editor, 
author or artist. In these, as well as all other lines of 
usefulness, there is no principle involved. Just so 
he keeps within the bounds of gospel principles, his 
liberty is practically as wide as the world. But let 
a man engage in the saloon business, or enlist in the 
army, then there is something to consider. Certain 
gospel principles are involved, and his gospel-given 
liberty ceases. The moment a man's conduct or pur- 
pose runs up against a principle, it is his duty, as a 
loyal child of God, to change his course, and if he 
refuses to do so, it becomes the duty of the church, of 
which he is a member, to render him the needed en- 
couragement and assistance that he go not astray. 

But there are some pursuits in life that are ques- 
tionable, for the reason that they may possibly en- 
danger or threaten principles. Years ago the Breth- 
ren thought that the banking business might possibly 
involve the non-sueing principle. On this point the 
public sentiment of the church has changed, though 
the decision has not. Regarding the filling of certain 
official positions in the civil government, we, as a body, 
hold decided views, because it is thought that the 
executing of certain civil laws, by members of the 
church, would involve principles that must not be sur- 
rendered. Were a brother elected governor of Illi- 
nois he would, of necessity, have to make use of the 
militia of the State. This, as our people look at it, 
would involve our nonresistant principles. And so in- 
structions along this line might be extended. 

But now to the liberty of the church as a body. The 
church, too, exercises marked degrees of liberty so 
long as fixed principles are not ignored, compromised 
or endangered. The church can build houses of wor- 
ship or not, just as it may suit her needs and con- 
veniences. She can .build them large or small, of 
stone, brick or wood, having one or a dozen rooms, 
one or more stories, just as she purposes. The church 
can have Sunday schools or not. Bible readings or not, 
young people's meetings or not, ministerial meetings or 
not, Bible normals or not, district meetings or not, 
educational institutions or not, publishing plants or 
anything else along the line of helps within the bounds 
of gospel principles. To constitute the Lord's sup- 
per, the church can arrange for any class of food that 
may seem appropriate, and also the fruit of the grape 
in any form desired, unless it can be made clear that 
the use of the intoxicating element endangers a settled 
principle. Then the church is at liberty to organ- 
ize missionary movements, or to carry on the work 
of spreading the Gospel without such organizations. 
She is also at liberty to conduct her conferences as 
she may think the more advisable. 

In fact, the liberty of the church is considerable, so 
far as she does not sacrifice principles or interfere with 

the individual rights of members, for members indi- 
vidually, as well as churches, have their God-given 
privileges. So long as principles are not disrespected 
there are many things that members may do of their 
own choice. This is clearly stated by Paul in Rom. 
4:15: " For where no la\V is, there is no transgres- 
sion." This is also true of churches as well as it may 
he true of conferences or any other organization re- 
lating to the church and her work. The lesson to be 
learned is the proper use of Christian liberties without 
the sacrifice, or compromise, of principle. To do this 
one needs to study the gospel principles in all their 
bearings. These principles need to be studied by the 
laity as well as the church officials, and especially 
ought they to be understood by those who preside over 
the affairs of the church. Tills is one of the most 
far-reaching phases of this great question yet consid- 
ered, and cannot be too well understood. He who 
fully understands the metes and bounds of principles, 
in connection with their clearly-defined bearings, will 
find few questions, relating to the Christian life, privi- 
leges and duties, that may not be settled on reason- 
able grounds. 


When one goes for the first time from the land of 
snow and ice to that of sunshine and flowers, he is in- 
clined to think that not half of the good things of 
the latter land have been told. It was my privilege 
recently to make the trip, and it goes without saying 
that it was hard for me to realize when sitting on the 
beach that at home it was twenty below zero. But 
so it was. Southern California certainly has a de- 
lightful climate, and it was with regret that I left it 
to return to a winter such as we have in northern 

One cannot make the trip without being impressed 
with many things and having various questions arise 
in his mind. For instance, why is there such a vast 
barren tract of land through Wyoming, Utah and 
Nevada? Will it ever be of any use to man? Then 
as we crossed the mountains we wondered at the beau- 
tv and sublimity of God's creation; and then again at 
the ingenuity of man in constructing a railroad through 
and over the mountains, where it must be sheltered 
by miles upon miles of snowsheds which each year 
grow a little longer as the need for them is felt. And 
then what a delight it was to dash down, passing on 
the way beautiful canons, scenery grand beyond the 
power of man to describe, to see where hydraulic min- 
ing was carried on so extensively, and to glide into 
the warm valleys on the other side where fruit was 
on the trees and the grass was green everywhere. It 
was a transporting experience which one can enjoy to 
the full only once. 

Leaving some of the party at Port Costa, I went 
to Fresno, spending two days near there. Fresno 
county beats the world for grapes. Part of them be- 
come raisins and part are made into wine. Here is a 
fruitful land in which but few Brethren— and they 
near Lillis and Laton— are to be found. One must 
see for himself before he can believe what can be done 
in the land. Some whose parents were members of 
the church are to be found in the city; but to the 
great majority our faith is unknown. And it ought 
not so to be. A vast population will in the not distant 
future make their homes in the San Joaquin valley, 
and it will be well for us to be on the ground ready 
to receive them and teach them all the New Testament. 
It is much better, when possible, to get a foothold 
when a country is new, in the formative period, for it 
is easier and more satisfactory to do so then than 

At Lordsburg I had the pleasure of meeting many 
with whom I had often met in times past. The Bible- 
term at the college was in progress, the attendance at 
which was very good. Bro. D. L. Miller gave one of 
his talks each evening, and the attention of the audi- 
ence showed their appreciation. The attendance at 
the college is much better than it was a year ago, 
and those in charge feel that the outlook is very hope- 
ful. There is no good reason why it should not be, 
for. a large number of our members are settling in 

California, and with their patronage the future of the 
school is assured. The church needs a good school on 
the Pacific coast ; and Lordsburg, with the good school 
property in the hands of the church, seems an ideal 
place for such a school. 

When we went into the church at Covina it seemed 
like being at home, for there was such a good congre- 
gation of members. One thing to be commended is 
that the Sunday school and church services are not 
held for different persons. They come — parents and 
children — lo Sunday school, and stay for church. The 
Brethren have a goodly land and are well established 
in it. All this section of country — Lordsburg, San 
Dimas, Covina, Glcndora — is beautiful and fruitful, 
with orange and lemon orchards on every hand. The 
price of laud is so high, however, that it takes a pretty 
good sum to secure a few acres of it ; and this is 
especially true of that on which there are bearing 
orchards. It is hardly the place for a poor man to 
try to secure a home. There are still localities where 
good land can be purchased at a moderate price. 

Those of the members visited in Los Angeles seem 
to be well satisfied, and think the prospect is encour- 
aging. •There certainly is plenty of material, for ill 
this large and busy rii\ we have but few members, 
and the number engaged in active mission work is 
very small. In the cities is where the conflict between 
good and evil will be most severe, and those who are 
for the Lord need to stand firm lor their principles, giv- 
ing no uncertain sound, taking heed lest I he light that 
is in them be darkened. At Los Angeles we met Bro. 
McDonaugh, with whom we had the pleasure of trav- 
eling to the coast. He was detained there some time 
by the illness of his wife. He is very much interested 
in having our members go in and possess the land 
which has been so highly favored. And we are well 
able to do it. Not far away from the city, down to- 
ward the coast, is tnglewood. Hen- several families 
of members have settled. They have a good church 
building and the interest is encouraging. They ex- 
pect slill others lo locale among them, and il looks as 
if in time the Brethren would have a strong church 
there. For location and climate il would not be an 
easy matter to find a more desirable place. 

One cannot spend even a short linn- in southern 
California withoul feeling thai il would be better tor 
the cause if the members would scatter more-. A 
strong church is good and desirable ; bill the I .ord does 
not call men lo the ministry lo have diem preach pos- 
sibly not more than half a dozen sermons in a year. 
Yet such musi be the result when so many make their 
homes in one congregation. And then during the 
winter a great many of our ministers— a constantly in- 
creasing number of them- go to southern California 
to escape the cold which they would have to experi- 
ence if they remained at home; and, naturally, most of 
them go where the Brethren are, for they like to be 
among those of like faith. So the people do not have 
a very good opportunity to get acquainted with the 
preaching ability of their home ministers. It would 
be better if this were otherwise. None of us would 
like to have sermons by visitors all Ihc time, though 
we enjoy an occasional one. 

Ministers need not be idle in California any more 
than anywhere else. They should not be, for there is 
an abundance of work to be done. There are many 
new places where our people could locate and build up 
churches. There is no call for crowding, no reason 
for half a dozen or more sitting idle while one pro- 
claims the glad tidings of salvation. Most of them 
could have audiences listening to the teaching of the 
Word of God. A good work has been done in a 
few places. It would be a sad mistake to confine the 
work to these. But that will not be done. Now is 
the time to move into new localities, for the State is 
rapidly filling up and it will not long be so easy to 
find such suitable and favorable localities for budding 
up churches. ' 

My brief visit to California was one of almost un- 
alloved pleasure. There is something about the coun- 
try or climate, or both, that draws most persons after 
they have once been there. Therefore it is not strange 
that so many go ajid stay, and that others who can- 
not stay, go again and again. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9. I9°4- 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 


" !5: C. ESTvKtat ( I K«»,c - Bu.incs, Manner. 

nnW //off*. •*'• "■ Dttlrr. Edimrd Franti. 

A&titory Coi"" 

b.»ddre.*d to lb. Brethren Publl.hlng Hon.*. Elgin, III., aid no. 

any individual connected with it. 


There were six baptized during the revival at the 
Franklin church, Ohio. 

Six persons were recently admitted into the York 
church, Pa., by confession and baptism. 

During the protracted meeting in the Walnut 
ahurch, Ind., five applied for baptism. 

Bro. S. B. Shirkey, of Rockingham, Mo„ should 
hereafter be addressed at Norborne, same State. 

A protracted meeting in the Jeters chapel, Bedford 
Co., Va„ resulted in five additions to the church. 

The Bible term of the Juniata College, Huntingdon, 
Pa., with a well-arranged program, opens Jan. 23. 

Bro. Henry J. Neff, of Indiana, will locate at 
Rockford, 111., and take charge of the mission in that 

If there are any members in the southwestern part 
of Piatt County, Kansas, they will please communicate 
with S. C. Wirt, Preston, Kans. 

Our correspondent at Palmyra, Pa., reports that 
eight persons at that place recently came out on the 
Lord's side to be numbered with the saints. 

Bun. P. F. Eckerle, of Lanark, called on us last 
Monday. He was with the Brethren at Batavia over 
Sunday, and conducted the morning services. 

The new church at East Maple, Johnson Co., Kans., 
is to be dedicated Jan. 17. This is where the meet- 
inghouse was destroyed by a cyclone last September. 

The Brethren in the Walnut church, Ind., are re- 
ported to be in the midst of an interesting series of 
meetings conducted by Bro. Henry Wysong. 

Brother and Sister Hilary, who spent three years 
at mission work in Canada are to open up a mission 
in Winona City, Minn. They enter upon their work 
next spring. 

Buo. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, was among those 
who called at the House last Monday. He came out 
to Batavia to attend Ihe young people's meeting on 
Sunday evening. 

Bro. Isaac Wagoner, a member of the mission 
board of North Dakota and Northern Minnesota, has 
changed his address from Newvillc, N. Dak., to Stark- 
weather, same State. 

On Friday evening of last week a short service was 
held at the Brethren church in Elgin, after which the 
rite of baptism was administered, a young woman hav- 
ing decided to give her life to Christ and his cause. 

In Germany there is said to be a custom that ought 
to prevail all over the world. If, during the year, 
there has been trouble between parties it is presumed 
to end with the dying year. Enemies must shake 
hands and then become friends again. The past is 
forgotten and they enter upon the duties and joys of 
the new year with new hearts, new resolves and re- 
newed energies. The custom is to be commended, and 
yet ther is a finer one recommended in the Scriptures : 
" Let not the sun go down upon your wrath." 

Bro John P. Bailey, of Iowa, is now in South- 
west Missouri, and until the middle of February may 
be addressed at Bolivia, Polk County. Churches in 
that part of the Brotherhood desiring his services may 
communicate with him. 

WE see by the minutes of the district meeting of 
Northern Missouri, a copy of which has just come 
to our desk, that Bro. M. E. Stair is to represent the 
district on the Standing Committee at the next An- 
nual Meeting. No papers are sent to the Conference. 

Bko. E. B. Hoff was with the Brethren at Batavia 
last Sunday. He was on his way to Iowa. He, with 
others, attended the union meeting of the young peo- 
' pie of Chicago, Naperville, Batavia and Elgin. The 
gathering is said to have been well attended, full of in- 
terest and quite in spiring. 

For a list of the Gish books our ministers should 
turn to page 52 of the Brethren Almanac. There 
we have a list of fourteen books that may'be had for 
the mere cost of postage and packing. With such 
a chance as this no minister should be without a li- 
brary. This list is growing, but every preacher's li- 
brary should grow fully as fast as the list. 

The wife of Bro. A. L. Grater, of Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania, died in December. Sister Grater and her hus- 
band were well known and greatly beloved here in 
Illinois. They lived in the Rock Creek congregation, 
near Sterling, and their many friends will learn of the 
death of the sister with regrets. The obituary will 
appear in the next issue of the Messenger. 


Those of our ministers who desire a copy of that 
excellent work, " The Book of Books," should order it 
at once. One of our preachers, who has spent a good 
deal of time and money preparing for the ministry, 
writes that he has for years been looking for a book 
of this kind, and was wondering where one might 
be found. Regarding the different versions of the 
Bible, where the book came from, the different periods 
through which it has passed, along with a history of 
the old manuscripts and many other things of equal 
importance, the work gave him just the information 
he needed. Order the work without delay, read it 
this winter and mark it as you go. The man who 
masters the contents of the volume will know more 
about the origin and make-up of the Bible than he ever 
thought of before. The Gish Committee regards this 
as a valuable addition to the selection of works so far 
made, and believes that it will be greatly appreciated 
by our ministers. Price, $1.00. Or to ministers of 
the Brethren church for the mere cost of postage and 
packing, twelve cents. 


Buo. J. G. Royer happened to be near the terrible 
scene in Chicago last week where nearly six hundred 
people were burned to death in the Iroquois theater. It 
gave him a sensation, so he writes, that he is likely 
never to forget. Summing the whole thing up he 
says, it is better to die in a church than in a theater, 
and it is far better to go to church than to attend 

the theater. 

Those ordering the " Eternal Verities " will exer- 
cise a little patience. To fill the large and growing de- 
mands we will have to print more books, and it will 
require eight or ten days for the printers and binders 
to get the books ready for filling orders. In the mean- 
time those who have not yet renewed for the Mes- 
senger should do so without delay and also place 
their order for the book. 

Concerning the late protracted meeting at Cherry 
Grove, three miles north of Lanark, 111., the Lanark 
Gazette says : " The series of meetings which has 
been in progress for the past three weeks by Rev. 
Snell closed Sunday night with one of the most inter- 
esting sermons that was ever delivered in the Cherry 
Grove church. His text was, ' God's Handwriting 
on the Wall.' and the church being crowded every- 
body seemed to be interested." 

Bro. Robert E. Arnold, who was elected Assistant 
Business Manager of the Publishing House, last fall, 
entered upon his duties the first of the year. Bror Ar- 
nold is the son of Elder D. B. Arnold, of Burlington, 
W. Va„ and brother of the lamented C. E. Arnold, of 
McPherson, Kans. He is a young man of thorough 
business training, and brings to the House years of ex- 
perience as an active business man. We welcome him 
among us here in the House, and trust he may find his 
work pleasant and prove a valuable addition to the 
growing band of workers in the Brethren Publishing 

Without meaning to do so, a pious old lady one 
time scored a point against the wrong use of com- 
mentaries. She said she liked the Bible to well be- 
cause it threw so much light on the commentaries. 
She first went to the Bible for light and then she could 
understand the Bible helps all the better. And, by the 
way, the idea is not to be lightly set aside. Men 
and women who study their Bible well can get far 
more good out of a commentary, Bible dictionary or 
Sunday-school help than those who reverse the order. 
This reminds us of Bro. R. H. Miller's method of 
studying the Bible topically. He spent days and 
sometimes weeks with his reference Bible and con- 
cordance on one subject. After well digesting every- 
thing said on the subject by the inspired writers, mas- 
tering it in all its parts as near as possible, he went 
to work on his helps and carefully read everything 
he could get hold of bearing on the question in hand. 
By the time he was through with his helps he prob- 
ably knew more about the matter than most of the 
best commentators. If there is a better way of study- 
ing the Bible we have not been apprized of it. As the 
old lady said, the Bible throws much light on the com- 
mentaries. If well studied, it will throw light on ev- 
ery page of vour Sunday-school helps as well as on 
each and every subject treated in the Bible dictiona- 
ries. Study your Bibles first and your helps next. 


The hope of the church is in the hands of the young 
men and the young women who have fully resolved 
in their own heart that they propose to live right 
and stand by the principles of the Gospel, whether 
anyone else does or not. Not only so, but they have 
determined in their heart that they will do their 
utmost to help others to live the higher, the better 
and the more consecrated life. Such men and women 
may well be classed with the Gideon three hundred. 
Whether rich or poor, learned or illiterate, they can be 
depended upon. Others may flinch, but they will 
stand firm, whether they be few or many. 

Most of the Messenger readers have heard this 
thought presented scores of times, sometimes in one 
form and then in another. It is the same as "not 
compromising principle," " doing no -violence to prin- 
ciple," or " not surrendering principle." In one way 
or the other it enters into the make-up of all Christian 
creeds, though in the minds of each it may not cover 
the same ground. With the Brethren it is meant to 
apply to the fundamentals of the Gospel, and with us 
these fundamentals are more numerous than with most 
others. We look upon all the leading Bible teachings, 
doctrines and commands as fundamentals. With us 
they are principles that must of necessity ever be kept 
in view in all of life's relations. We would not think 
of surrendering one of these fixed principles. To do 
so would be to endanger our whole system of religion. 
The thought of remaining loyal or. true to these 
principles has been most thoroughly ground into us^ 
We have been rooted and grounded in them. To each 
and everv one of them we have allowed ourselves to 
become securely anchored. And the more thorough 
this anchoring, the less liable are we to be driven 
about by everv wind of doctrine. As a people we have 
accepted the God of the Bible and now look upon the 
Bible as his inspiring book. We accept the divinity 
of Christ and the Holy Ghost and believe in the atone- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 


ment. We recognize the church founded by Christ as 
the kingdom of God upon the earth, and without re- 
serve accept the faith, the duties and ordinances per- 
taining to this church and its members. We accept 
all that is said regarding the holy life, and look 
forward to the resurrection, the final judgment, the 
punishment of the disobedient and the reward of the 

With all of these in mind as fundamentals, we may 
well talk about remaining loyal to the principles of the 
New Testament form of religion. When a course of 
procedure or a manner of life is suggested, we may 
consistently ask ourselves, whether it means the sac- 
rifice of principle, or even the endangering of any gos- 
pel principle. If it does, then it is our clear duty to 
take our stand against it, for it is the duty of the 
children of God to appear in defense of every divine 
principle set forth in, or endorsed by the New Testa- 
ment. We cannot afford to surrender a principle 
when it comes to deciding on a question. 

But where no principle is at stake, or where no prin- 
ciple in any manner is endangered, there is liberty, and 
this liberty may apply to the individual member or it 
may apply to the church. To illustrate : A man may 
build his house of stone, brick or wood. He may build 
it one story or he may make it ten stories high. For a 
business he may engage in farming, stock-raising, merr 
chandising or milling. In the professional line, he 
may be a teacher, or a physician, a dentist, an editor, 
author or artist. In these, as well as all other lines of 
usefulness, there is no principle involved. Just so 
he keeps within the bounds of gospel principles, his 
liberty is practically as wide as the world. But let 
a man engage in the saloon business, or enlist in the 
army, then there is something to consider. Certain 
gospel principles are involved, and his gospel-given 
liberty ceases. The moment a man's conduct or pur- 
pose runs up against a principle, it is his duty, as a 
loyal child of God, to change his course, and if he 
refuses to do so, it becomes the duty of the church, of 
which he is a member, to render him the needed en- 
couragement and assistance that he go not astray. 

But there are some pursuits in life that are ques- 
tionable, for the reason that they may possibly en- 
danger or threaten principles. Years ago the Breth- 
ren thought that the banking business might possibly 
involve the non-sueing principle. On this point the 
public sentiment of the church has changed, though 
the decision has not. Regarding the filling of certain 
official positions in the civil government, we, as a body, 
hold decided views, because it is thought that the 
executing of certain civil laws, by members of the 
church, would involve principles that must not be sur- 
rendered. Were a brother elected governor of Illi- 
nois he would, of necessity, have to make use of the 
militia of the State. This, as our people look at it, 
would involve our nonresistant principles. And so in- 
structions along this line might be extended. 

But now to the liberty of the church as a body. The 
church, too, exercises marked degrees of liberty so 
long as fixed principles are not ignored, compromised 
or endangered. The church can build houses of wor- 
ship or not, just as it may suit her needs and con- 
veniences. She can .build them large or small, of 
stone, brick or wood, having one or a dozen rooms, 
one or more stories, just as she purposes. The church 
can have Sunday schools or not. Bible readings or not, 
young people's meetings or not. ministerial meetings or 
not, Bible normals or not, district meetings or not, 
educational institutions or not, publishing plants or 
anything else along the line of helps within the bounds 
of gospel principles. To constitute the Lord's sup- 
per, the church can arrange for any class of food that 
may seem appropriate, and also the fruit of the grape 
in any form desired, unless it can be made clear that 
the use of the intoxicating element endangers a settled 
principle. Then the church is at liberty to organ- 
ize missionary movements, or to carry on the work 
of spreading the Gospel without such organizations. 
She is also at liberty to conduct her conferences as 
she may think the more advisable. 

In fact, the liberty of the church is considerable, so 
far as she does not sacrifice principles or interfere with 

the individual rights of members, for members indi- 
vidually, as well as churches, have their God-given 
privileges. So long as principles are not disrespected 
there are many things that members may do of their 
own choice. This is clearly stated by Paul in Rom. 
4:15: " For where no la\V is, there is no transgres- 
sion." This is also true of churches as well as it may 
be true of conferences or anv other organization re- 
lating to the church and her work. The lesson to be 
learned is the proper use of Christian liberties without 
the sacrifice, or compromise, of principle. To do this 
one needs to study the gospel principles in all their 
bearings. These principles need to be studied by the 
laity as well as the church officials, and especially 
ought they to be understood by those who preside over 
the affairs of the church. This is one of the most 
far-reaching phases of this great question yet consid- 
ered, and cannot be too well understood. He who 
fully understands the metes and bounds of principles, 
in connection with their clearly-defined bearings, will 
find few questions, relating to the Christian life, privi- 
leges and duties, that may not be settled on reason- 
able grounds. 


When one goes for the first time from the laud of 
snow and ice to that of sunshine and flowers, he is in- 
clined to think that not half of the good things of 
the latter land have been told. It was my privilege 
recently to make the trip, and it goes without saying 
that it was hard for me to realize when sitting on the 
beach that at home it was twenty below zero. But 
so it was. Southern California certainly has a de- 
lightful climate, and it was with regret that I left it 
to return to a winter such as we have in northern 

One cannot make the trip without being impressed 
with many things and having various questions arise 
in his mind. For instance, why is there such a vast 
barren tract of land through Wyoming, Utah and 
Nevada? Will it ever be of any use to man? Then 
as we crossed the mountains we wondered at the beau- 
tv and sublimity of God's creation ; and then again at 
the ingenuity of man in constructing a railroad through 
and over the mountains, where it must be sheltered 
by miles upon miles of snowsheds which each year 
grow a little longer as the need for them is felt. And 
then what a delight it was to dash down, passing on 
the way beautiful canons, scenery grand beyond the 
power of man to describe, to see where hydraulic min- 
ing was carried on so extensively, and to glide into 
the warm valleys on the other side where fruit was 
on the trees and the grass was green everywhere. It 
was a transporting experience which one can enjoy to 
the full only once. 

Leaving some of the party at Port Costa, I went 
to Fresno, spending two days near there. Fresno 
county beats the world for grapes. Part of them be- 
come raisins and part are made into wine. Here is a 
fruitful land in which but few Brethren— and they 
near Lillis and Laton— are to be found. One must 
see for himself before he can believe what can be done 
in the land. Some whose parents were members of 
the church are to be found in the city; but to the 
great majority our faith is unknown. And it ought 
not so to be. A vast population will in the not distant 
future make their homes in the San Joaquin valley, 
and it will be well for us to be on the ground ready 
to receive them and teach them all the New Testament. 
It is much better, when possible, to get a foothold 
when a country is new, in the formative period, for it 
is easier and more satisfactory to do so then than 

At Lordsburg I had the pleasure of meeting many 
with whom I had often met in times past. The Bible 
term at the college was in progress, the attendance at 
which was very good. Bro. D. L. Miller gave one of 
his talks each evening, and the attention of the audi- 
ence showed their appreciation. The attendance at 
the college is much better than it was a year ago, 
and those in charge feel that the outlook is very hope- 
ful. There is no good reason why it should not be, 
for. a large number of our members are settling in 

California, and with their patronage the future of the 
school is assured. The church needs a good school on 
the Pacific coast ; and Lordsburg, with the good school 
property in the hands of the church, seems an ideal 
place for such a school. 

When we went into the church at Coviua it seemed 
like being at home, for there was such a good congre- 
gation of members. One thing to be commended is 
that the Sunday school and church services are not 
held for different persons. They come — parents and 
children — to Sunday school, and stay for church. The 
Brethren have a goodly land and are well established 
in it. All this section of country — Lordsburg, San 
Dimas, Covina, Glendora — is beautiful and fruitful, 
with orange and lemon orchards on every hand. The 
price of laud is so high, however, that it takes a pretty 
good sum to secure a few acres of it ; and this is 
especially true of that on which there are bearing 
orchards. It is hardly the place for a poor man to 
try to secure a home. There are still localities where 
good land can be purchased al a moderate price. 

Those of the members visited in Los Angeles seem 
to be well satisfied, and think the prospect is encour- 
aging. 'There certainly is plenty of material, for in 
this large and busy city we have but few members, 
and the number engaged in active mission work is 
very small. In the cities is where the conflict between 
good and evil will be most severe, anil those who are 
for the Lord need to stand firm lor their principles, giv- 
ing no uncertain sound, taking heed lest the light that 
is in them be darkened. At Los Angeles we met Bro. 
McDonaugh, with whom we had the pleasure of trav- 
eling to the coast. He was detained then' some lime 
by the illness of his wife, lie is very much interested 
in having our members go in and possess the laud 
which has been so highly favored. -And wc are well 
able to do it. Not far away from the city, down to- 
ward the coast, is Inglcwood. Here several families 
of members have settled. They have a good church 
building anil the interest is encouraging. They ex- 
pect still others to locale among them, and it looks as 
if in time the Brethren would have .1 strong church 
there. For location and climate it would nut lie an 
easy matter to find a more desirable place. 

One cannot spend even a short time in southern 
California without feeling thai it would be better (or 
the cause if the members would scatter more. A 

strong church is good and desirable; hut the Lord dues 
not call nun to the ministry to have them preach pos 
sibly not more than half a dozen sermons in a year. 
Yet such must be the result when so many make their 
homes in one congregation. And then during the 
winter a great many of our ministers- -a constantly in- 
creasing number ..( them- go to southern California 
to escape the cold which they would have to experi- 
ence if they remained at home; and, naturally, most of 
them go where the Brethren are, for they like to be 
among those of like faith. So the people do not have 
a very good opportunity to get acquainted with the 
preaching ability of their home ministers. It would 
be better if this were otherwise. None of us would 
like to have sermons by visitors all the time, though 
we enjoy an occasional one. 

Ministers need not be idle in California any more 
than anywhere else. They should not be, for there ts 
an abundance of work to be done. There are many 
new places where our people could locate and build up 
churches. There is no call for crowding, no reason 
for half a dozen or more sitting idle while one pro- 
claims the glad tidings of salvation. Most of them 
could have audiences listening to the of the 
Word of God. A good work has been done in a 
few places. It would be a sad mistake to confine the 
work to these. But that will not be done. Now is 
the time to move into new localities, for the State ,s 
rapidly filling up and it will not long be so easy to 
find such suitable and favorable localities for budding 
up churches. 

My brief visit to California was one of almost un- 
alloved pleasure. There is something about the coun- 
try or climate, or both, that draws most persons after 
they have once been there. Therefore it is not strange 
that so many go and stay, and that others who can- 
not stay, go again and again. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January g, 1904. 

THEN AND NOW.— No. 2. 

For the last twenty-five or thirty years we have been 
gradually pushing away from the " then " condition to 
that of the " now." And we want you to abide with 
us while we try to set forth some of the things that 
have brought us to what we now are. The change 
has been so natural and so gradual that few of us com- 
prehend the scope of it, and therefore fail to appre- 
ciate what it all means to the church, to our people 
and to the world. 

That our schools have been a leading factor in it 
all, goes for the saying. Look at it as we will and 
deny it as we may, the fact remains. Three decades 
ago the educational awakening began, and a number of 
efforts in different places were made. But a real and 
living beginning was not made until the year 1876, 
when the " Brethren's Normal," now Juniata College, 
was born and took to itself a lease of life. After this 
another and another until we now have Mt. Morris, 
Bridgewater, McPherson, North Manchester, Union 
Bridge, Elizabethtown and several others that we can- 
not now name. That we may give an idea of what 
these have done, we will look at Juniata College, be- 
cause we know more about it than we do of the 

Juniata College has now been living and growing 
during the last twenty-seven years, beginning in a 
small building, with a small store room for a chapel 
and two class rooms with three students, and growing 
out of these into a larger building, then into a large 
new college building, and now increased to five large, 
commodious and well-arranged brick buildings, which 
represent, including the grounds, over one hundred 
thousand dollars. During its sessions between four 
and five thousand different students have been in at- 
tendance, three-fourths of whom have been members 
and members* children — a very large number of whom 
were received into the church while attending school. 
It would be interesting data to give how many of 
these are active and efficient ministers in the Brethren 
church. We cannot, at this writing, do it, but we 
think we are safe in saying, several hundred or more. 
Many of her graduates are filling lucrative positions as *^ 
principals and teachers of the high schools of our 
towns and cities. Our graduates are found in the fac- 
ulties of Bridgewater, McPherson, Lordsburg and 
Elizabethtown colleges. Six are in the mission field of 
India; also, in the home fields of Pittsburg, Philadel- 
phia, Chicago, Brooklyn, and at a number of other 
points all over the Brotherhood. In Bible teaching, 
Sunday-school and prayer meeting work, their work 
and influence is beyond our knowledge and compre- 

Look at these facts, very imperfectly given, and then 
consider that all of our other schools, considering their 
age and possibilities, have done equally as well, what 
must be our conclusion? Can we not truly say, " See 
what the Lord hath done ? " 

From these schools have gone out, and have been 
distributed all over the Brotherhood, hundreds and 
thousands of our sons and daughters, and every one of 
them, with higher ideals of life both socially and re- 
ligiously. They are taking advance positions in the 
church, in her prayer meeting, Bible classes, Sunday 
schools, Christian Workers bands, as deacons and min- 
isters. And what of our sisters ? In the " then " they 
thought themselves highly favored if they were al- 
lowed the advantage of a common school education. 
Their prospective duties ran into home-making, taking 
care of the children, the kitchen, and sometimes, pro- 
viding for their husbands. Her only hope of promo- 
tion was to marry or fall heir to a minister. His 
charge of office defined to her as duties that of mak- 
ing suitable clothing, sewing on buttons, have his 
raiment in good order when ready to start on his mis- 
sion, and take care of the home, children, stock and 
things generally during his absence. " Now " our 
daughters attend our schools, take graduate courses, be- 
come cultured and go out into the Lord's vineyard 
prepared to do effectual and efficient work in almost 
every department of church work. . While their edu- 
cation prepares them to be self-supporting and fits them 

the more fully for church work, it does not unfit them 
for home-making, sewing on buttons, when the men 
are too clumsy to do it themselves. Education does 
not unfit them to take care of home affairs, nor the 
making of the best of ministers' wives, but it enables 
them the more fully to fill and adorn every position in 
life to which they may be called. It places them, re- 
ligiously, just where the apostle Paul would have 
them, when he says, to those who have put on Christ : 
" There is neither male nor female ; for ye are all one 
in Christ Jesus." All are workers together to liberate 
the world from the bondage of sin, and make them free 
in Christ Jesus. 

In the " then " we had a long list of negatives — 
forces for good that we did not have in the church. 
In the " now " all these negatives have been changed 
into affirmatives. Instead of our sons and daughters 
going out to be educated in the schools conducted by 
other religious bodies, and thus surrounded by differ- 
ent religious influences, they now go to our own 
schools, surrounded by our own church influence. In- 
stead of them retiring as workers for other churches, 
they now return as active and efficient workers for 
our own. 

As a result of all this we now have a greatly-in- 
creased membership. Our sons and daughters are giv- 
ing their hearts and service to the Lord and the 
church. We have a more active and efficient ministry. 
We are having more frequent preaching and other re- 
ligious services. We have Sunday schools, prayer 
meetings, band meetings, missionary meetings and 
Bible teachings. We have a grand and growing mis- 
sionary organization. We have home and city mis- 
sions, and our young men and women are unfurling the 
banner of King Jesus beyond the seas, in foreign 
lands, and the heathen are being taught, and are ac- 
cepting the unsearchable riches of Christ, so that it 
cannot now be said of them, " Being aliens from the 
commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the cove- 
nant of promise, having no hope, and without God in 
the world." If the " then " was good, surely the 
" now " is better. Thank God for this inestimable 
gift. H. B. B. 

let any one look down on you because you are young, 
but be an example to those who accept the Faith by 
your conversation, your conduct, your love, your faith, 
and your purity. Till I come, apply yourself to pub- 
lic reading, preaching, and teaching. Do not neglect 
the divine gift within you, which was given you, in 
fulfillment of the predictions, when the hands of the 
Officers of the Church were laid on your head. Prac- 
tice these things, devote yourself to them, so that your 
progress may be obvious to every one. Look to your- 
self as well as to your teaching. Persevere in this, for 
your doing so will mean Salvation for yourself as well 
as for your hearers. 



/K sister wishes to know what we think about the 
advice given by Paul in I Cor. 7 : 39. Here Paul says 
that a widow is at liberty to marry again, but " only 
in the Lord." We are inclined to take this advice lit- 
erally. It would be a good thing if all of the be- 
lievers should manry only in the Lord. We are not 
saying that it is a sin to marry out of the church, but 
it may not be wise. It often leads to troubles. While 
people are young and unmarried they more readily 
yield to each other's wishes, and their differences in 
religion do not cause friction. But when they grow 
older they may not yield so readily. The husband goes 
to his church and the wife to hers. This is the part- 
ing of ways that gives rise to many unpleasant re- 
flections and sometimes to regrets. With them other 
things may be in common, but religion is not. We 
suggest that it would be well for the members to take 
Paul's advice, and marry only in the Lord. That is 
marry those of the same faith. 


[The Twentieth Century New Testament proposes a 
translation from the original into modern English. The 
reading is interesting, though we cannot say that we alto- 
gether approve of the style. But to give our readers 
some idea of the rendering we shall publish Paul's First 
Letter to Timothy, giving one chapter each week. Com- 
pare it with the Authorized Version. — Ed.] 


IV. Advice to Timothy as to his Teaching and 

But the Spirit distinctly says that in later times 
there will be some who will fall away from the Faith. 
They will give their attention to misleading spirits, and 
to the teaching of evil beings who will make use of 
the hypocrisy of lying teachers. These men's con- 
sciences are seared, and they discourage marriage and 
enjoin abstinence from certain kinds of food. Yet God 
created these foods to be enjoyed thankfully by those 
who have accepted the Faith and are fully acquainted 
with the Truth. Everything created by God is good, 
and there is nothing that need be rejected — provided 
onlv that .it is received thankfully ; for it is consecrated 
by God's blessing and by prayer. 

Put all this before the Brethren, and you will be a 
worthy servant of Christ Jesus, and will find your 
nourishment in the precepts of the Faith and of that 
excellent Teaching by which you have guided your 
life. As for profane legends and old wives' tales, leave 
them alone. Train yourself to lead a religious life ; 
for while training of the body is of service in some 
directions, religion is of service in all, carrying with 
it, as it does, a promise of Life both here and here- 
after. (This teaching is reliable and is worthy of the 
fullest acceptance.) It is for this that we toil and 
struggle, for we have set our hopes on the Living 
God, who is the Savior of all men. and especially of 
those who accept the Faith. 

Dwell upon these things in your teaching. Do not 

In Ezekiel 36: 25 we read that the Lord is to sprinkle 
clean water upon his people. I heard a minister explain 
this, saying it proves sprinkling to be the correct manner 
of baptizing. Will you please tell us to what this verse 

Sfrinkling " clean water " here refers to ceremo- 
nial cleansing under the law, and has no reference to 
Christian baptism in any sense. In fact, a different 
word is employed by the New Testament writers when 
referring to the rite of baptism. Ezekiel says " sprin- 
kle," using a word in the original that means to sprin- 
kle. Had Jesus and the apostles meant to teach sprin- 
kling they would have used the same word. But this 
they did not do. They used a word, baptiso, which al- 
ways means to immerse, showing that they meant for 
baptism to be performed by immersion. But, correctly 
speaking, baptism is immersion. Sprinkling is some- 
thing else, and cannot therefore be called baptism. 


The man who goes to the big fountain with a small 
pitcher may get all the water he cares for, but it is not 
much after all, and of course will not last long. The 
fountain of life eternal is wonderful for capacity. 
We go with our very small vessels. It takes but little 
to fill them, and then we begin to wonder why there is 
so little solid enjoyment in the service of God. The 
trouble is with us. Our capacity is small, and it takes 
so little to satisfy us. Let us pray God to help enlarge 
our capacity for spiritual enjoyment, and then we 
can drink deep at the fountain and go away strong 
in the Lord. 


Can a church of a score of members and one minister 

Any church, too weak to sustain itself, can, by 
vote of its members and the assistance of an adjoin- 
ing elder, disorganize. But it may not always be wise 
to do so. A congregation composed of twenty earnest 
members and one real active minister should not want 
to be disorganized. With a force that strong they 
might build up a large congregation. But it is not 
the Messenger's place to pass judgment in matters of 
this sort. Those most interested ought to understand 
the situation best. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9. 1904. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

o, l. Millhr, 


Illinois I H. C. Ear&v. 
Indiana | A. B. Babmiart, 
Address all business to 
General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, 


At home and abroad teaching is necessary — the need of 
the Gospel is world-wide. 

<!> <3> <$> 

The receipts of the Missionary Society of the M. E. 
church were nearly a million and a half of dollars last 

<s> <*> «> 

During the past fifty years_practically the whole world 
has been opened to missionary work. If missions are not 

established the blame will rest upon the Christian church- 

» * « 

The missionaries at Inhambane, Africa, and the sur- 
rounding district are compelled constantly to refuse appli- 
cations for attendance upon their schools. The field is 
dark with heathenism, but white unto the harvest if there 
were but the money to send forth reapers. 
«■ <& <S> 

Thomas Elmer Dutton, who with his wife returned to 
Tndia in company with Brother and Sister Stover, landing 
there Dec. 6, 1002, died Oct. 5, 1903, aged thirty-two years 
and seven months. Of him a writer in The Indian Alli- 
ance says: "He came out with the first party of Alliance 
missionaries to India, landing in Bombay on October 2nd, 
1892, so that, including a furlough home, he had just com- 
pleted eleven years of missionary service. . . . Few 
missionaries anywhere have been more devoted, or more 
constant in their efforts for the salvation of the people, 
than our dear departed brother, and few have had so much 
to discourage, and have seen so little result. . . . Ever 
faithful to duty, he would preach, whenever possible, 
morning and evening, never giving way to discouragement 
because of the hardness and indifference of the people, 
though often sad at heart. . - The ranks are once 
more broken. Who will step into the gap, and carry on 
this blessed work for God? Is there not some young 
man, who, seeing God's call in it for him, will consecrate 
himself to-day to the Lord for service in India?" 


There is a great work for the church to do in giving the 
Gospel to the world. The field is large and some parts of 
it are more advantageous starting points than others. 
As near as may be, we must find where these are, and be 
governed accordingly. A superficial study will not give 
us the desired information. There are most important 
conditions which do not appear on the surface. It is the 
duty of every one to learn as much of these conditions as 
he can, so that he may know why certain steps are taken; 
for only when he knows will he be a really effective work- 
er. And such a one will be willing to take some things 
on faith, feeling that there are reasons not known to him. 
The Spirit will direct aright those who make the proper 
effort to find out what is best to do. But he will not di- 
rect the ignorant who might to some extent have directed 
themselves, but would not. 

As we learn more about different lands we see how 
great the need is; and not all will see alike. Some will 
prefer one field and some another. But if all arc in ear- 
nest and pray for guidance the right thing will be done at 
the right time, and in the right place. It may not be 
what I would have had done, but still it is the right thing; 
and what I desire will be done sometime if it is right. 
We need to study the Book to see that the Lord over- 
rules the affairs of his children and directs his work, and 
then study the field. Both are necessary if we would act 
intelligently, and no other kind of action is pleasing to 
God. Let us study more, trust more, and criticise less. 

c. M. 
«> <•> «> 


urn the wife out 
Husbands have t 

>f the house. 
) obey their 

dcrcd the husband to 
The husband obeyed, 
mothers in India. 

Banished from home at the age of fourteen the child 
wife was led blindfolded into the jungles to satisfy the 
hunger of tigers. For two days and as many nights she 
roamed through the forest. The incessant roar of wild 
animals drove her out of her mind. While in this condi- 
tion she was rescued from the forest by the agents of a 
concern which traffics in outcast wives. By these agents 
she was taken back to Bengali, her native town. 

After two nights in the resort to which she was taken 
Sukhiva Vannerjee escaped and made her way to the 
home of her own parents. Her mother and father dared 
not take her in, so they handed her some bread through 
a window. For tilts act of charity they had their heads 
Shaved the next day and were ostracized. 

Then it was that the girl was picked up by the agents 
of the Christian refuge in Bengali. She became a worker 
in the mission and in a short time had rescued sixty oth- 
er wife outcasts. Until Miss Holmes asked her to come 
to America to study medicine the girl remained in the 

The above, cut and all, is taken from the Chicago 
Tribune, and tells a story that might be duplicated a 
thousand times among the Hindoos. Do any of our 
readers wonder that mission work is needed in India and 
other lands where the child mother often becomes an 


It is very easy, and too common, to say that work is 
not needed in one place, that more attention should be 
given to another, and that money is being wasted. It no 
doubt happens that at sometime one or more of these 
charges could with propriety be made against any body 
that directed mission work and workers for any consider- 
able length of time. The men whom the church sets apart 
to direct are not infallible. Their desire is to do what is 
best for the cause, but they make mistakes, just as we all 
do. If they are conscientious, as the great majority of 
them are, they will do all in their power to do the most 
and the best possible with the means at their command. 
They will gain all the information possible and will be 
guided by it. 

We all see the propriety, the necessity, of their be- 
coming acquainted with the different fields to which they 
may be called upon to send workers, for in no other way 
could they act intelligently. But the critic does not as a 
rule see the need of learning more. If he did, and would 
learn all he could, he would not be so prone to find fault, 
for he would know that there were generally good rea- 
sons for whatever was done. It is much easier to find 
fault with what is done than to do better, and usually the 
greatest fault-finders are the ones who do least. There 
are too many of them— there would be enough if there 
were none. They are hinderers, not helpers: their criti- 
cisms are purposely destructive. They are to be found in 
our number as well as elsewhere. 

The trouble is that they started wrong and just kept on 
going in that way. They in some way began to look for 
the mistakes of others, and what at first was accidental 
was continued until it became second nature. They do 
not think of applying the teaching about the beam and the 
mote to themselves, though it was intended for just such 
persons. They have their way and must be taken as they 
are. and not as we should like to have them, taking care 
that our actions do not place us among them. What they 
need, and what all of us need more or less, is to take a 
square look at themselves, see the beam and remove it, 
and then they will be in a condition to aid others. There 
is much hindering the spread of the Gospel that is due to 
ignorance pure and simple, and much of the ignorance is 
due to laziness or indifference. 

Recently a Hindoo grandmother, with a red saree 
drawn close around her, told her life's story to a number 
of Chicago mothers who had gathered in a tittle room in 
Handel hall to hear it. 

It was a story that might have been told in Nero's 
court while Christians burning like candles in their jack- 
ets of tar were illuminating the gardens— it might have 
been told then because the flames would have made a 
perfect setting for the story of Sukhiva Vannerjee. This 
Hindoo grandmother's hair was as black as ebony and 
her eyes were the eyes of youth with the fire of a hope 
burned out. The mothers who heard her story were 
whitehaired. many of them. 

Twenty-one years ago Sukhiva Vannerjee was married. 
She is now twenty-seven years old. The man who took 

as his bride a 
gtrl of six was 
over thirty, was 
prosperous, and 
belonged to In- 
dia's high caste, 
as did the child 

The woman 
told her story in 
broken English. 
Now and then 
she was prompt- 
ed by Miss Jo- 
sephine Holmes, 
a Los Angeles 
woman who 
brought her to 
this country to 
arouse sympathy 
in America in 
the movement to 
abolish the child 
wife practice in 

She was six 
years old when 
her parents an- 
nounced that a 
husband had 
been selected for 
her. She did not 
see her husband 
until the day 
preceding t h c 
day set for the 
marriage. Then 
she was taken to 
his house and he 
asked her manv questions. She suited him, so they were 
married and went to live at the home of the husband's 
mother. The young wife became the slave of her moth- 
er-in-law, as is the custom in India, and did mental work 
about the house. 

When she was eleven years and eleven months old, a 
daughter was born to her. The mother-in-law flew into 
a rage when the sex of the first child was announced-girls 
are a disgrace in India. 

Two years passed and a second daughter was born. 
This time the mother-in-law was inconsolable. She or- 

The missionary committee of Southern Illinois was in 
session to-day at the home of Bro. W. H, Shull, Virden, 
111. Members all present. Had considerable business for 

consideration. We failed to get an answer from Bro, D, 
M. Bruhaker concerning his slay at Liberty, for which we 
were very sorry. Bro. D. E. Eshelman is now located 
near Avon, having in charge the Spring Kim mission for 
the ensuing year. 

As yet we have failed to procure a district evangelist) 
hut hope to be successful in the near future. May the 
Lord SO overrule thai at least one of our dear ministers 
may give himself wholly to the work, and thereby help to 
strengthen the weak places. It w;is decided to allow the 
ministers called out by the committee $1.50 inslc;ul of 
$1.25 per day. Therefore the reports should be made out 
on this basis hereafter. Each one please make note of 

A list of twenly-five names was made up for the mis- 
sionary Messenger, which were gathered from different 
mission points ovei the district. Quite ;■ number of hills 
were allowed. One hundred and seventy sermons and 
eleven baptisms were reported. S. S. Brubakcr. Sec. 

Virden, III., Dec. 26. 


A little «irl once asked her mother how "Id '■!"■ should 
lie before commencing the Christian life. The wise moth- 
er, after instructing her child awhile, told her thai she 
was old enough to commence then. '1 he child with moth- 
er's help rCSOlved tO make the start. The tWO kneeled 

and the mother nave her" child to the Lord, promising to 
do all she could to help the young pilgrim to go from 
step to step until she would become strong in the Lord. 
How good il would be if all parents could thus gain ihe 

confidence of their children, dedicate them to the Lord 

in prayer, and then help them enter the church and stand 

them while they grow stronger in the Master's serviccl 

<•> <$> * 



by 1 

Whether a man can go from place to place is a less 
important question than whether he is able to move from 
subject to subject of thought, or from one object of af- 

[,,,„,„ to he 1 hi olhet word . .1 mall' legs in less 

important to him than his head or his heart As the 
"Attic Philosopher" expresses it concerning lite worn- 
out body while the inner man is vigorous and active, 
"The fortress is a little damaged, but the garrison is 
quite hearty." We have reason to be grateful to God 
when the spirit truly is willing while the flesh is wcak.- 
Sunday School Times. ^ 


The spirit of man is nc^TnTore cheerful than when it 
has discovered its proper work. Make this discovery fira 
of all if you wish to be happy, Most of the wrecks of 
human life are caused by having either no work, or too 
i tTe work, or uncongenial work; and the human heart 
which is so easily agitated never beats more peacefully 
Than in the natural activity of vigorous yet 
woM Only one must guard against makm, .of wor an 
idol instead of serving God through ones work, T hose 
who orget this last distinction find themselves m later 
We doomed to intellectual or physical prostratton.-Prof, 
Carl Hilty. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January g, 1904. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

" As cold water lo a thirsty soul, so is good news from a lar country." 

Austin church met in council Dec. 16, our elder. J. H. 
Neher, presiding. We reorganized our Sunday school. 
T. L. Wondie was elected superintendent and Fayette 
Woodic assistant. Dec. iS an election was held for min- 
ister. T. L. Woodic was elected. One was received by 
baptism.— W. L. Woodie, Austin, Ark., Dec. 27. 

Palestine.— The year 1903 has now passed into history. 
The pages of each one's book have all been written. Can 
wc read them with pleasure or is there sad remorse that 
comes of neglected duty? The Lord is blessing his work 
in this part of his vineyard. The members of the St. 
Francis church are alive and working in harmony for 
I he prosperity of Zi'on. Our young minister enters into 
the work with commendable zeal. There are now three 
ministers in the work in the bounds of husband's terri- 
tory. There were twenty-seven baptized in the good old 
year; three ministers and two deacons elected. Wc have 
two nourishing Sunday schools, three good prayer meet- 
ings and many other good things for which we rejoice. 
The outlook for the new year is very good. — Nannie E. 
Neher, Palestine, Ark,, Dec. 31. 

Lordsburg church met at 10 A. M. on Christmas day. 
The services were conducted by Bro. Edmund Forney. — 
M. Grace Hilcman, Lordsburg, Cal.. Dec. 26. 

Oak Grove. — A goodly number of brethren and sisters 
and friends met at the Oak Grove church on Christmas 
for religious worship. At 11 A. M. Eld. C. S. Holsinger 
addressed the audience, after which dinner was served. 
The afternoon was spent in singing, short talks on Sun- 
day-school work and other topics. Our Sunday school 
is increasing. The average number of regular attendants 
for last quarter was one hundred and eleven.— Martha 
Fike, Laton. Cal., Dec. 28. 

Denver church met in council Christmas day, Eld. L. F. 
Love presiding. We decided to send our Thanksgiving 
offering to the home mission board. All staid to the 
Christmas entertainment in the evening for the Sunday- 
school children. We had a treat of nuts and candy for 
all, and a house full of parents and friends of the children. 
All seemed to have a very pleasant time. — Ina M. Stotts, 
2604 W. gth Ave.. Denver, Colo., Dec. 28. 


Payette church met in council Dec. 26, with Bro. J. U. 
G. Stiverson presiding. Bro. Stiverson was elected elder 
for one year. We reorganized our Sunday school by 
electing Bro. D. Snowberger superintendent and Bro. 
Beckwith assistant. We also reorganized our Christian 
Workers meetings by electing Bro. John Rodabaugh 
president. We also appointed two church solicitors. The 
Brethren have rented a hall in New Plymouth and are 
going to hold Sunday school and preaching each Sunday. 
The Sunday school at Payette held services at the church 
Christmas evening. Wc had a program which consisted of 
addresses by the brethren and speaking and singing by 
the children and young people. It was enjoyed by all. 
We held services Thanksgiving day. A collection was 
taken for world-wide missions, which amount was eleven 
dollars and some cents. Bro. Stiverson will begin a se- 
ries of meetings the first Sunday in January.— Lydia A. 
Morton, Payette, Idaho, Dec. 26. 

Teakean.— The Gospel Messenger is a welcome visitor 
in our far-off home in Idaho. Somewhat isolated, we do 
not enjoy church privileges as we used to in Illinois, in 
the old Woodland church. We have, however, a small 
church here, but no preaching at present. On account of 
having no house, in the summer we held our preaching in 
a schoolhouse, and this, not being finished, is too cold 
this winter. Our ministerial force is not very strong here, 
and some preacher wishing to change location might do 
well by settling m here and helping to build up the church. 
This is a good farming country, and a mild climate.— T. 
F. Henry, Teakean, Idaho, Dec. 25. 

Cherry Grove.— We closed our series of meetings of 
three weeks Dec. 27. Two were baptized. Bro. Daniel 

Snel I , of Indiana did the preaching. He gave us much 
spiritual food. Our Christian Workers meetings are 
growing in interest and Christian development.— Franklin 
Myers, Lanark, III., Dec. 29. 

Franklin Grove.-As usual, services were held on 
Christmas day at this place. The attendance was not 
very large on account of inclement weather At our re- 
cent quarterly council meeting brethren Ira Buck ami Ira 
Lehman were called to the office of deacon and with 
their wives were installed the same day. The church de- 
cided to adopt for the social meeting the subjects now 
prepared for the Christian Workers. Martha C. Senger 

vas appointed agent for the Messenger and all other pub- 
lications of the Brethren Publishing House. Consider- 
able other business was also transacted, some of which 
may result in the establishing of a mission and the build- 
ing of a new church in a flourishing city within the bor- 
III Tan T con S re S atl °n.-D. B. Senger, Franklin Grove. 

Hurricane Creek-Some of the members, friends and 
Sunday-school children met at the church Christmas day. 
borne of the older ones gave short talks on the birth of 
the Savor etc. Some of the children spoke appropriate 
ft, vi l su P. er,n,c »^nt with his assistant remembered 
the children with a nice treat. The elder's wife was also 
remembered The services were conducted in the fore- 
noon.— Cornelius Kessler. Smithboro, 111., Dec. 27. 

MlPn 1 , l e fi B ? n c: Ch ^ Und;iy A SCl, , 00l , and Poaching have closed 
till the first Sunday in April. It is so cold and the weath- 
er bad. Bro Neher and Bro. Forney, of Cbenoa. did the 
preaching all summer. They preach at Hudson now— 
->hn W. Gardner, Gndley, III., Jan. 1. 
Pine Creek church convened in council Dec 29 As 
this meeting is at the close of the year, we chose Sunday- 
school officers for the coming year. Sister Lillie Lamp.n 
was chosen for superintendent for the Pine Creek school 
and Bro. William Lampin for the Polo school. During 

the year four have been received by baptism and eight 
by letter; sixteen have been given letters of membership 
and three have passed over the river of death. The pro- 
priety of building a new meetinghouse instead of the old 
one in the town of Polo was discussed at some length but 
is deferred for future consideration. — John Heckman, Polo. 
III., Dec. 31. 

Buck Creek. — We held our council Dec. 26, presided 
over by our elder, D. H. Replogle. We have an interest- 
ing Christian Workers meeting, Bro. Anson Priddy pres- 
ident. Bro. Jacob Swoveland, of Pendleton, Ind., was 
with us and preached Sunday and Sunday evening. — 
Phebe E. Teeter, Losantville, Ind., R. R. 1, Dec. 26. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 26. The 
elder being absent, Bro. Frank Kreider was chosen mod- 
erator. Two members were received by letter, and two 
were reclaimed. Also one letter of membership was 
granted. — Flallie E. Bartmess, Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Kempton. — Bro. James Kennedy, of Carroll county, 
came to us Dec. 19 and preached ten sermons. There 
were two buried with Christ in baptism, and one was re- 
claimed. — Geo. Cline, Kempton, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Middletown. — Our council meeting occurred Dec. 26. 
The writer was chosen as correspondent for another year. 
A collection was taken up on Thanksgiving day, the 
amount, $6.60, for the missionary cause. We have not 
found out yet about a series of meetings at this place, but 
we desire one. — Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, Ind., 
Jan. 2. 

South Bend.— The Christian Workers of Goshen. Elk- 
hart and South Bend, Ind., met in their second regular 
quarterly union meeting in the Miami street church in 
South Bend on Sunday evening, Dec. 27. Although sev- 
eral members on the program had to be supplied on short 
notice, the meeting was a grand success and a great inspi- 
ration to the young people. The next meeting will be 
held in the Goshen City church April 3, at 6:30 P. M. — S. 
Borough, South Bend, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Walnut. — Bro. Henry Wysong, of Nappanee, Ind., came 
to us Dec. 12 and stayed until Dec. 28, preaching twenty 
soul-cheering sermons. Five came out on the Lord's side 
and are awaiting the rite of baptism. Two were baptized 
a short time ago, making seven added to the church since 
our last report. — J. P. Hoffman, Argos, Ind., Dec. 29. 


Dry Creek church have -enjoyed a very interesting se- 
ries of meetings, conducted by Eld. I. W. Brubaker, of 
Monroe, Iowa. Bro. Brubaker commenced laboring for 
us Dec. 15 and preached seventeen spiritual sermons. 
Bro. Brubaker will preach this evening for the members 
in Cedar Rapids, and then go to Muscatine, where he 
will remain over Sunday and preach for the members at 
that place.— D. W. Miller, Robins, Iowa, Dec. 30. 

English River. — We had special services on Thanksgiv- 
ing and Christmas days. Both were well attended, con- 
sidering the stormy day on Christmas. The collection on 
Thanksgiving amounted to $28.31. Many good thoughts 
were brought out on Christmas" day by our brethren. 
Dec. 27 our Sunday school was reorganized for six months, 
with Bro. Homer Wenger superintendent and Bro. Henry 
Brower assistant, with a full corps of teachers. Our last 
quarterly missionary collection was $9.39. General collec- 
tion for school purposes for six months, $25.72. No Sun- 
day missed on account of inclement weather for last six 
months. Average increase in scholarship in 1903 over 
1902, twenty-six. Wc are just now beginning a special 
Bible term, conducted by home talent, which we feel as- 
sured will be a blessing and give us new inspiration in the 
one Book. — Peter Brower, South English, Iowa, Dec. 29. 

Garrison church held their council Dec. 19, at which 
time the church elected her officers for the coming year. 
One letter of membership was granted, also one shortly 
before the meeting. Another young sister was added to 
the church by baptism, which makes four since our fall 
love feast, Oct. 17 and 18. We had meeting Christmas 
day, conducted by Bro. Miller, of Cedar Rapids, after 
which a few of the children spoke short pieces. The little 
folks did well.- — Rachel C. Christy, Garrison, Iowa, R. F. 
D. No. 1, Dec. 29. 

Liberty ville. — Our council occurred Dec. 26. Eld. C. 
M. Brower was with us at the meeting and preached for 
us Sunday at 11 A. M., and in Batavia at 7:30 P. -M., 
where we have a neat and very suitably-located house 
of worship. It was purchased of the Baptists and re- 
paired, and Nov. 1, 1903, Bro. F. M. Wheeler held serv- 
ices in it, dedicating it to our cause. — W. N. Glotfelty, 
Batavia, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

Panora. — The trustees of the Iowa Old Folks' Home 
met Dec. 29 to make arrangements preparatory to open- 
ing the home. We employed Bro. J. W. Priser and wife 
to manage it one year, beginning March I, 1904. We find 
a good outlook for donations of carpet, bedding, etc. 
What we will most need now is money to pay for feed, 
stock, implements and such things that we are obliged to 
buy to start the home. After the first year we expect to 
be largely self-supporting; but we need help badly now. 
By order of the board.— J. D. Haughtelin, Sec, Panora, 
Iowa, Dec. 31. 


East Maple Grove church, Johnson Co., Kans., lost our 
meetinghouse Sept. 5 by a cyclone. We have built a new 
house, which will be dedicated Jan. 17, at 11 A. M., to be 
followed with a series of" meetings. Eld. D. A. Crist, of 
Quinter, Kans., is to conduct the meetings. — I. H. Crist, 
Gardner, Kans., Dec. 29. 

Ottawa. — We baptized a husband and wife and have 
hope of others. We will commence Sunday here in the 
city.— R. F. McCune, Ottawa, Kans.. Dec. 29. 

Paint Creek church assembled in council Dec. 26, S. P. 
Crumpacker presiding. All church business disposed of 
in a Christian manner. Church and Sunday school in a 
prospering condition. — Lydia V. Crumpacker. Uniontown. 
Kans.. R. R. 1. Dec. 29. 

Pleasant View. — We met in council Dec. 26, with our 
elder, A. F. Miller, presiding. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the ensuing six months. We are having very 
interesting and instructive Bible meetings every Wednes- 
day evening, studied from the book of Daniel. Bro. Wm. 
Rexroad conducts our meetings. — Lena K. Romine, Dar- 
low, Kans., Dec. 29. 

Richmond. — Recently two were baptized and one was 
reclaimed. Our Sunday school and preaching services 
are well attended and. interest is good. Our Bible class 
has taken up Bro. Arnold's " Normal Studies oil the Life 
and Ministry of Christ." Interest increasing. — P. E* 
Whitmcr, Richmond, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Rossville.— Bro. Edward Steward, of Dunlap, Kans,, 
came here Dec. 14 and commenced meetings at the Shenk 
schoolhouse. Meetings closed Dec. 27, with good interest, 
He preached fifteen sermons and visited from house to 
house through the day. — Emma "Hass, Rossville, Kans., 
Dec. 28. 

Verdigris. — Bro. M. O. Hodgden, of Galesburg, began a 
series of meetings at this place Dec. 12 and continued un- 
til Dec. 22, preaching thirteen sermons. All feel spiritual- 
ly benefited. On Christmas day we met for services and 
listened to a very interesting discourse, delivered by Bro. 
W. H. Leaman. — Lillie Miller, Madison, Kans.. Dec. 26. 

Victor. — Our church has been enjoying a rich feast for 
about three weeks, closing a little over a week ago. Bro. 

C. H. Brown, of Navarre, Kans., was with us. Last Sat- 
urday was our quarterly council.' We have a home de- 
partment to our Sunday school, with seven members, and 
a cradle roll with twenty-two members. Our solicitor 
for the district mission work has $59.55 on his paper in- 
stead of $25, which was allotted to us by the mission 
board.— C. S. Huff, Waldo, Kans., Dec. 31. 


Meadow Branch.— The Westminster Sunday school en- 
joyed a very pleasant occasion on the afternoon of Dec. 
19. Short, appropriate addresses were made by the super- 
intendent, Bro. E. M. Bish and the writer, after which the 
children at the hands of their teachers received an inter- 
esting package of confectionery and an orange. The 
Christian Workers meeting reorganized this evening by 
reelecting W. E. Roop president. — W. E. Roop, West- 
minster, Md., Dec. 27. 


Manila.— Dec. 20 Bro. J. Edson Ulery filled the ap- 
pointment at our Marilla house, and the same evening 
commenced our Bible term. Owing to the busy season 
the attendance is not as large as we had anticipated, but 
the interest is good. Yesterday was stormy and we had 
no services. Bro. E. Morphew (a minister), formerly of 
North Dakota, has located with us since my last report. 
This now gives us seven ministers in our church, but, as 
our territory is large (covering two counties and two half 
counties), wc can find room for more workers. — A. W. 
Hawbakcr, Copemish. Mich.. Dec. 28. 

Riverside church met in council Dec. 26. The writer, 
with Bro. J. L. Butler assistant, was chosen superintend- 
ent for our Sunday school for the first six months of 1894. 
We received $28.15 from the Thornapple (Mich.) church 
for our meetinghouse, for which we an very thankful. 
Bro. Tyson expects to preach twice a month at Talmouth 
and once a month at Gait, in 1904. — Harvey Good, Gait, 
Mich., Dec. 29. 

Saginaw. — Dec. 26 was our quarterly council, presided 
over by J. E. Albaugli. Our elder, D. Chambers, living 
about twenty-seven miles from here, does not get. lo he 
with us often. We decided to' hold a series of meet- 
ings in the near future, providing we can secure the serv- 
ices of a minister. Having no regular correspondent for 
I he Gospel Messenger, the writer was chosen for one year. 
— Neri Shridcr. Elsie. Mich., R. F. D. No. 21, Dec. 28. 

Root River church held a very pleasant council Dec. 26. 
Our elder, A. P. B lough, not being present, Bro. J. F. 
Souders was chosen moderator. One letter was received; 
eight letters were granted. Church and Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected for the ensuing year. At the present 
time we are in the midst of a good revival meeting. One 
has already come out on the Lord's side. Dec. 31 we 
expect to enjoy our love feast services. — Hannah Shook, 
Preston, Minn., R. F. D. No. 2, Dec. 26. 

Worthington church began a series of meetings Dec. 6 
and closed Dec. 24. One young brother has applied for 
baptism. These meetings were conducted by Bro. C. S. 
Hilary. We feel strengthened and built up.— Minnie 
Schechter. Worthington, Minn., Dec. 31. 

Cabool. — Southern District of Missouri convened Christ- 
mas day with good interest and fair attendance. Bro. 
Barnhart, of Carthage, Mo., was elected moderator and 

D. A. Gordon writing clerk. We advise that the com- 
mittee on arranging program give at least thirty days' 
notice in Messenger before our next meeting. — D. A. Gor- 
don, Mansfield, Mo., Dec. 28. 

Marling. — Eld. Cruea, of Saline county, came to our 
place Dec. 7 and commenced a series of meetings. Dec. 
20 Bro..D. L. Mohler came to aid in the good work. We 
had good interest. Some are very near the kingdom. — 
Elmira Shaw, Marling, Mo., Dec. 27. 

Poplar Bluff. — The most of December has been spent 
in Stoddard county, encouraging and keeping in progress 
the building of a house of worship. Size, 32x48 feet. 
Prospects are encouraging, but the weather is unfavor- 
able. We are very thankful for the assistance given by 
several congregations in Illinois, Iowa and elsewhere. 
We greatly appreciate assistance of this kind from those 
interested in our work. A stove and three or four large 
lamps would be acceptable. — Ira P. Eby. Poplar Bluff, 
Mo., Jan. 2. 


Redcloud.— A very interesting series of meetings is be- 
ing held in the South Redcloud church by Bro. F. H. 
Crumpacker, of McPherson, Kans. The meetings are 
well attended. Two have been added to the church by 
baptism since our last report. — Sarah Mohler, Redcloud, 
Nebr., Dec. 28. 

Upperwood River church just closed a very interesting 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. John O. Streeter, 
of Octavia, Nebr. There was a large attendance every 
night. He commenced the meetings Dec. 12 and closed 
Dec. 22, preaching thirteen sermons. A collection was 
taken for the mission board.— Mahulda Freeman, Broken 
Bow. Nebr., Dec. 28. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9. 1904. 


Berthold CBU rch met in council Dec. 26, with our elder, 
Kro H- C Longaneeker, presiding. The church decided 
secure the services of Bro. C. P. Rowland sometime in 

Tjji y _ Lemuel Cripe, Berthold, N. Dak., Dec. 29. 

Cando church is quietly moving along. We feel to 
thank God and take fresh courage now that both of our 
meetinghouses are paid for, lately repainted, and there- 
fore in good condition. Although our crops were a par- 
tial failure this year, yet I believe our donations were of- 
tener and larger than usual. Our Sunday schools are sup- 
porting an orphan in India, and on Thanksgiving day we 
took up a collection for our poor, and at Christmas and 
the Sunday before a handsome collection was taken for 
the "Home of Friendless Children" at Fargo, this State. 
— M. P. Lichty, Zion, N. Dak., Dec. 26- 

Pleasant Valley. — After services on Christmas Bro. Al- 
bert Crites and wife, who were elected to the ministry on 
Thanksgiving, were installed to office, and next day they 
started for Washington. After services on Christmas one 
came out and desired baptism. Our new ministers are 
taking hold of work.— S. S. Blocher, York, N. Dak., 
Dec. 28. 

White Rock.— Yesterday we were richly admonished by 
Bro. Warren Slabaugh, after which a collection of $3.5.1 
was taken for the home district. Our Sunday school and 
so'cial meetings still continue with interest. — Hannah 
Dunning, Denbigh, N. Dak., Dec. 28. 
County Line. — Our series of meetings commenced Dec. 
8 and continued till Dec. 28. One sister was baptized. 
Services conducted by EM. J. Witmore, of McPherson, 
Kans. Our minister, Bro. Wm. Guthrie, was present only 
a part of the time, being called away to other fields of la- 
bor.— A. M. Baker, R. F. D. No. 1, Herring. Ohio. Dec. 28. 
Dayton.— One received by baptism Dec. 27. Bro. Chas. 
A. Bame preached for us at 10: 30 A. M. and Bro. T. S. 
Moherman, of North Manchester, Ind., at 7:30 P. M., 
which was highly appreciated by a large congregation.— 
Elmer Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Donnels Creek.— Bro. J. H. Miller came to the country 
house Dec. 12 and remained until Dec. 27, preaching twen- 
ty-seven instructive sermons. The weather was very cold 
most of the time, but the attendance and interest were 
good. The church was encouraged. Six dear ones gave 
their hearts to the Lord and were baptized.— Hettie F. 
Barnhart, New Carlisle, Ohio, R. F. D. No. 4, Dec. 30. 

Lexington.— Our protracted meeting commenced Dec. 
13 and closed Dec. 27. There is a general wakening up 
of the membership to a sense of duty. Bro. S. Snell, of 
Union, Ohio, did the preaching. He came to us a stran- 
ger, but went away loved by all. Bro. Snell predicts a 
bright and glorious future near the Lexington church. — 
Allen Ockerman, R. F. D. No. 3, Hillsboro, Ohio, Jan. 1. 
Notice.— To elders and solicitors for the Old Folks' and 
Orphans' Home of Northwestern Ohio: Please write off a 
copy of the subscription list in your possession and mail 
the original paper to me at once.— S. P. Berkebile, So- 
_ licitor for O. F. & O. H., Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Silver Creek.— We closed a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings Dec. 20, with two applicants for baptism. Bro. Perry 
McKimmy did the preaching, with the exception of a few 
sermons that the home ministers delivered. These meet- 
ings were held at the Hickory Grove house. We expect 
to begin a series of meetings at Walnut Grove Jan. 2, 
.conducted by Bro. J. L. Guthrie. — Delia Landis Long, 
Pioneer, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Bethany church met in council Dec. 26, Eld. Samuel 
Edgecomb presiding. All church officers were chosen 
for the following year. A collection of $5 was received 
for district mission fund, $2.50 for home work. We regret 
to have our union Sunday school close for the first quar- 
ter.— Mollie R. Ott, JenniQgs, Okla., Dec. 29. 

Big Creek church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. 
Detrick presiding. Church officers were chosen for the 
coming year. We reorganized our Sunday school; Bro. 
Lewis Halderrcad for superintendent, S. G. Burnett as- 
sistant. The writer has taught a primary class for one 


Burnett, dishing, Okla., Dec. 28. 


Hoyle Creek.— The Brethren in quarterly meeting en- 
joyed a meeting of love together. Six letters of member- 
ship were granted. A reorganization of our Sunday 
school was effected, with Bro. C. Martin superintendent 
We also changed our young people's meeting to a general 
social meeting, to meet each Sunday evening one half hour 
before preaching, with Bro. David Root superintendent — 
Emanuel J. Smith, Ames, Okla., Dec. 24. 

Monitor.— The Brethren have just been enjoying a se- 
ries of meetings by Bro. Joseph Glick. Meetings lasted 
two weeks. Three came out on the Lord's side; two were 
baptized and one is to be sometime in the futur 
pect Bro. A. J. Smith with us sometime tin? "" 
is a good field to work in and we would 
minister to move in with us and help us. 

We ex- 
nter. This 
ke for some 
We think of 

organizing" for church work. We have about twenty mem- 
bers.— J. B. Williams, Manchester. Okla., Dec. 28. 


Back Creek.— Our Sunday-school meeting, held at the 
Shanks church to-day, was excellent. This closes the 
third quarter Sunday school held at this place. We were 
sorry to close, but we expect to open for the spring term. 
An inspiring letter was read from Bro. C H. Balsbaugh. 
Several young sisters read good essays. The speakers all 
came amply prepared and our meeting was good.— trances 
M. Leiter, Milnor, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Ephrata church met in council Dec. 26. Our elder I. 
W Taylor presided. Bro. S. W. Kulp. having been late- 
ly elected to the ministry, resigned as church treasurer. 
Bro. J. R. Royer was elected to succeed him. Bro. Kulp 
also desired to be relieved from the office of :> ur > da y~ 
school superintendent. His request was granted and the 
writer was elected to succeed him, with Bro. Jerome 
Miller assistant. We will begin a series of meetings Jan. 
3, with Bro. Miller, of Roanoke. Va.. to conduct them.— 
Geo. Weaver, Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Lancaster church held Christmas and missionary exer- 
cises on Christmas evening. The exercises consisted of 
readings, recitations, essays, addresses, singing and de- 

votional exercises. The evening was enjoyable. Baskets 
of provisions were sent to thirty-four poor families on 
Christmas day. At the session of the Sunday school last 
Sunday two scholars were presented with a revised edition 
of the Bible. The gift was given them for regular attend- 
ance at the sessions of the school during the year 1903. — 
Emma C. E. Landis, 219 College Ave., Lancaster, Pa., 
Dec. 2S. 

Palmyra. — Elders B. Hottel, from Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, and J. K. Miller, from Brooklyn, N. Y., came to 
us Dec. 5 and preached German and English alternately 
for two weeks. From 9 to 11 A. M. wc had a daily Bible 
study, conducted by Bro. Miller. The lessons brought 
new inspiration. Eight precious souls fled to the "city of 
refuge." Bro. Geo. Lehmcr, from Mcchanicsville, Pa,, is 
now with us at the Spring Creek house in a series of 
meetings, and on New Year's day there will be baptism 
at that place. — J. H. Longenecker, Palmyra, Pa., Dec. 29. 
Philadelphia (First Brethren Church). — The days pre- 
ceding Christmas were busy ones. The mothers' society 
was busy preparing comfort bags for the sailors, bedding 
for a rescue home, clothing for one of the children's hos- 
pitals, etc. The King's Daughters were seen going in all 
directions with fruit, flowers, packages and bundles, bring- 
ing comfort and joy into the homes. Our little temper- 
ance legion was busy selling the Brethren's Sunday-school 
Lesson Calendar for 1904. Their little hearts were ex- 
ceeding glad when they found they had four dollars with 
which to buy things for the poor children in one of our 
missions. Yesterday morning our pastor used for his text 
Peter's words to Jesus on the mount of transfiguration. 
In the evening our pastor preached the closing sermon of 
the old year, using for his text, "Where art thou?" At 
the close of the service a dear old man past eighty arose 
and stood for Jesus Christ.— Mary E. Martin, 2249 N. 
Sydenham St., Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Pittsburg. — At our church meeting Dec. 17 officers were 
elected for another year. A. O. Horner was elected Mes- 
senger correspondent and I, C. Workman clerk of coun- 
cil. A committee was appointed to solicit funds to supply 
our church room with the Brethren Hymnals. Our 
Christmas day exercises were well attended, the number 
present being more than at any previous meeting. Dec. 
27 Bro. Joseph Shickel, of Uniontown, formerly of Roa- 
noke, Va., preached for us. We look hopefully toward 
the new year.— S. S. Blough, 2032 Lytle St., Pittsburg, Pa.. 
Dec. 30. 

Shade Creek.— Christmas service was held at the differ- 
ent churchhouses. Recitations and songs by the children, 
and several addresses were given by different persons. 
In the evening at Scalp Level a few of the Juniata Student 
Volunteer Band gave a program in the interest of mission 
and Bible study. A mission temperance workers society 
was organized Nov. 26 at Scalp Level, to meet once a 
month. The new churchhouse at Greenland, better known 
as Rummeltown, will be dedicated Jan. 10, 1904.— Amanda 
Weaver, Scalp Level, Pa., Dec. 26. 

York.— Recently six dear souls have been admitted into 
the York church by baptism.— Abram S. Hershey, York, 
Pa., Dec. 28. 

Beaver Creek. — Our series of meetings at the Franklin 
church, conducted by Bro. J. C. Garber, closed Dec. 23. 
It had been in progress two weeks. There were six bap- 
tized and one awaits the rite. Bro. P. S. Thomas preached 
at Beaver Creek Christmas day.— Nannie J. Miller, R. D. 
No. 18, Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 26. 

Cedar Grove.— The regular Christmas services were con- 
ducted by Bro. Daniel Wine, followed by a few remarks 
by Eld. B. W. Neff. A collection was held, which resulted 
in $14.66 being contributed. It was decided to send the 
contribution to Bro. Gciser for the West Baltimore church. 
— Lelia S. Neff, Mt. Jackson, Va.. Dec. 28. 

Bonsacks.— We have just closed a very interesting sc- 
ries of meetings with the brethren of Jcters Chapel, 
Bedford Co., Va., with five additions to the church, two 
baptized and three reclaimed. This congregation has 
passed through some dark days, but the outlook is very 
promising. The work here is under the care of the breth- 
ren of Botetourt congregation, with Bro. Samuel Crum- 
packer as their elder.— John C. Woodic. Bonsacks, Va., 
Dec. 28. 

Penn Laird.— Nov. 28 the writer began a series of meet- 
ings in Madison county, at the Madison house, a mission 
point We had only ten meetings. Four prccimts ones 
were added to the small flock and others are near the 
kingdom. Sorry we were compelled to leave with such 
remarkable interest.— D. B. Wampler, Penn Laird, Va., 

Wenatchee.— Our Sunday school is well attended and 
crowing in interest; reorganized for the coming year 
Dec V. with Bro. I. K. Sharp superintendent. Wc have 
preaching every two weeks at 1 1 A. M. and 7 f- M. 
our Thanksgiving services a collection amounting to 
dollars was made up for district mission work.— S. 
Neher, Wenatchee. Wash., Dec. 28. 

It is an easy matter to meet together and elect some 
one i" till a position and then go free. It looks to me 
a little like pulling a man in a bo;u on ;i stream and not 
giving him any oars. He is entirely helpless unless he 
has means sufficient, provided by himself. 

If those secretaries have 1101 means, or cannot afford 
to take the lime ami spend the money, fail to visit the 
Sunday schools, who shall be held responsible? Shall the 
secretaries or the churches? 

We believe thai every member of the church should do 
what the church requires of him, yet impossibilities should 
not he expected ol anyone 

We do not wish to shirk duty, but we are willing to 
visit all the schools wishing us to do so in the North- 
eastern District of Ohio, providing the church requesting 
such a visit will he willing to pay our ear fare. We have 
much to do, but will give tin lime it the church can meet 
the expenses. We only wish the churches to bear part 

of the burden or 

share pail of the ecu 

do the work. 

While I speak 

fur myself, I believe 

mem of the maj 

irity of correspondent 

Spencer, Ohio, 

Dee. 28, 

it we fail to 






In remitting your district missionary quarterly collec- 
tions, send by posioflkc money order or registered letter 
direct lo T. J. Beekwith. Payette, Idaho, the treasurer of 
the mission board. 

In remit ling the annual 1 wcnly eeul district expense 
assessment, send direct to J. B. Lehman, Ne/pcree, Ida- 
ho, the treasurer for the district. These arrangements 
seem nut to be well understood, as some are sending the 

money to me and other members of Che mission board. 
This necessitates the cost ol another money order, besides 
unnecessary delay. 

Peruse your district meeting 1 ules if you have them. 

In them you will find all needed information. 

Let each congregation send along with their delegate 
to district meeting the name ami address of their elder 
with number of minutes needed lo supply llie congrega- 
tion. By not having tliis information, the clerk of the 
district meeting is al a great disadvantage in distribut- 
ing the minutes. This, no doubt, is why many of the 
congregations have not received their minutes. 

Let the elders and solicitors call special attention to 
the new plan of paying into the missionary fund quar- 
terly instead of paying at irregular times as before. See- 
page 8 of minutes of June, 1003. 

Your twenty-cent annual assessment ought to he col- 
lected along with the fust quarterly missionary collec- 

Let each solicitor carefully preserve these suggestions 
for reference. It will save much confusion, expense and 


J, I l.ii'iuau Stover, See. 

Wash,, Dei -'0. 


about tin 

st of last September, 


we have enjoyed many refreshing seasons from 

presence ol the Lord. We were permitted to enjoy 

We left Canada 
1 hat 

three love feasts, which were indeed leasts to our souls, 
as we had been isolated for three years from those of like 
precious faith, and to be permit i< .1 to commune with them 
again brought joy to our souls. 

Husband lias been engaged in pleaching quite a con- 
siderable since our return. Then, 100, we had the pleas- 
ure of being at our district meeting, and there it was de- 
cided that husband and I should open a mission in Wino- 
na City. So if if is the Lord's will we expect to open up 
the work there llie iirsl of April. During the month of 
January we expect to be al Nora Springs, Iowa, 

We have no work laid out for February and March, but 
trust the good Lord for direction. Those wishing to cor- 
respond with us during January will address us at Nora 
Springs, Iowa, in care of D. H. Keller. Lizzie Hilary. 

Worlhington, Minn., Dec. 27. 


Should the district Sunday-school correspondent visit 
the Sunday schools of his district? As we understand it 
the requirement of the church is that the secretaries visit 
as many of the schools as possible. While it is the desire 
of all secretaries to do all for the Sunday schools possi- 
ble, the question arises, How shall we do \l? 

No doubt many secretaries are like most of our min- 
ivers not able financially to give their time and pay 
their own traveling expenses. Should it be expected of 
them' If our church imposes such duties upon any one 
of them, it should also provide for their traveling ex- 

Yes, it is my present purpose to attend the Annual 
Meeting at Carthage, Mo., and from there I go to Buffalo, 
N. Y., for special treatment for my side, in the "Invalid's 
Hotel." I must have relief or cease work soon. It will 
cost me about one hundred and seventy-five dollars at 
the hotel, including private room, board, nurse and treat- 
ment, and will require from fifteen to thirty days in the 
institution. Then if this proves a success (which the 
doctors think is a sure thing), 1 aim to spend the sum- 
mer and fall among the churches in the East, 
will. I aim to return to Kansas ab 
and hope to be able to do some > 
souri before Annual Meeting 

if the Lord 
about the first of April, 
ork in Kansas and Mis- 
Glendora, Cal., in care 

of D. A. Norcross, till further notice. A. Hutchison. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 


" Write whni Ibou seest, and sand it unto tho churches. " 


I filled an appointment to-day for Bro. A. L. Gorham. 
out in the Sac and Fox country. We had a very interest- 
ing congregation. A small schoolhouse well filled with 
attentive listeners is more encouraging to me than a large 
house with but few in it. 

Our congregation consisted of five members that lived 
there, within five and six miles of the place, and a part of 
Bro. Gorham's family and mine that went with me. This 
made our labors lighter and easier. It is a blessed good 
thing to have the members interested in the work with 
the preacher. It lightens the burden and encourages the 

This Indian country is being settled up very fast by 
the white man now, both by leases and by purchase. The 
land owned by a dead Indian can be sold by the nearest 
relatives or heirs, and many Brethren are settling in, but, 
unfortunately, scattering. This will make a great field 
for labor, and a rich harvest could be gathered if the 
work could be pushed before the tares are sown (socie- 
ties and orders). Shall this field be only half worked, as 
Oklahoma was until everything else gets a start? 

We were made glad to-day to see these dear brethren 
and sisters hungry for the Bread of Life and fellowship 
of the church, common union with God's people. 

We cannot tell what will be the future of this begin- 
ning; but we do pray that the faithful few may not only 
work in the letter of the Gospel, but also in the spirit, 
and in using the minutes of Annual Meeting that they 
may use them in the spirit that our old brethren intended, 
according to Gal. 6: i. There are so many new beginnings. 
The seed is being sown and it is growing. The vineyards 
of tender planting are coming up for care. What will the 
harvest be if the pruning and trimming are not done as 
the Master would have them done? 

I heartily agree with Bro. W. J. Swigart, a church in 
trouble needs lo go to God for a revival, as they need it, 
not some one else. God is the most able to help, and for 
his Son's sake will help the needy penitent. May the love 
that God has manifested to us all constrain us all to go to 
him and not to the arm of flesh. Time with me is not 
long at most, and my last utterance to all whether in the 
flesh or in the spirit would be. Go to God through Jesus 
Christ in time of trouble. Psa. 50: 15. A. W. Austin, 
dishing, Okla., Dec. 20. 

SHAEFFER— MYERS.— By the undersigned, at the 
residence of the bride's parents, Bro. Albert Myers, eight 
miles southwest of Dallas Center, Iowa, Dec. 23, 1903. 
Bro Allen B. Shaeffer and Sister Mary Myers, both of the 
Panther Creek church. W. E. West. 

TURNER— SPITZER — By the undersigned, at the res- 
idence of Bro. Isaac M. Eikenberry, Dec. 25, 1903, Mr. 
John E. Turner and Miss Virginia F. Spitzer. both of La- 
place, III. W. I. Buckingham. 

WENGER— MYER.— Dec. 19. 1903. Bro. Graybill Wen- 
ger and Sister Annie Myer. both of Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania. L W. Taylor. 


By request I met in church council with the Liberty 
church, in Adams county, Dec. 5, Business all passed off 
very pleasantly. The work that I was especially inter- 
ested in as a member of the missionary committee was 
concerning the continuing of Bro. D. M. Brubaker and 
wife in the Adams county mission, as they had thought it 
good for them to change location. When Bro. Brubaker 
made known their intentions, the meeting became, unusu- 
ally touching, almost every member feeling that it would 
be quite a loss to have them go away. Quite a number 
of expressions of appreciation of the untiring interest 
shown by Brother and Sister Brubaker in behalf of the 
cause were given. An interview was held which resulted 
in a unanimous vote to retain Brother and Sister Bruba- 
ker with them, to which they will answer in the near fu- 
ture. Not all church meetings are as profitable and soul- 
cheering as this one was. The day before the council 
four more sisters were received into the fold by baptism 
one being Nettie, the daughter of Bro. Brubaker. The 
same evening, which closed their series of meetings at the 
Chaplin schoolhouse, one more came out. Ten have been 
baptized in the last two months. There should be an- 
other devoted, consecrated worker located in this field 
Who shall it be? Lord, provide. 

I also visited nearly all the homes of the members so- 
hciting them for funds for the building of the home for 
the homeless. All seemed to be interested. 

Virden. 111., Dec. 19. S " S " Brubaker - 


' - What .!!!^!L God _ ba . tt L i !' ped togctheri '" DOt ma n put M i ,ndor - " 

LECKRON-DUNCAN.-By the undersigned at his 

££■ p D 1i,o 2 r 4 ;X 3 ' Mr - Vernon E - "ww-a.-KTkE 

o. o. Petry. 
rf,r YLI h MIL i LER - By the ""designed, at the resi- 

o. d. Miller. 


" Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord. " 

D«Mh Noticaa of Children Under Fits Yew Hot Published. 

BERKEY, Morris, son of Bro. Henry and Sister Rachel 
Berkey, died Nov. 22, 1903, near Scalp Level, Somerset 
Co., Pa., of measles, aged 9 years, 8 months and 10 days. 
Services by Bro. J. F. Ream. Interment in Shade Creek 
cemetery. Amanda Weaver. 

BOYER, Sister Annie, died Dec. 15, 1903, at the home 
of her sister, Mrs. John Kephar, at Brunswick, Md., aged 
67 years and 7 months. Sister Annie has been a great 
sufferer all her life. Shs was buried at Martinsburg, W. 
Va. Services improved by the writer. John E. Otto. 

BOWMAN, Margaret, daughter of Eld. Jacob and Eliz- 
abeth Bowman (both deceased), born Feb. 3, 1837, died 
in Hagerstown, Ind., in the Nettle Creek congregation, 
Nov. 25, 1903, aged 66 years, 9 months and 22 days. At 
about the age of twenty years she joined the Brethren 
church, of which she continued a faithful and consistent 
member until her death. In her decline in health she was 
not forgetful of the holy anointing, which was adminis- 
tered to her about eight weeks prior to her death. Fu- 
neral services by the writer, based on 2 Cor. 4: 16. 

L. W. Teeter. 

BRINDLE, Jesse, died Dec. 18, 1903, at the home of 
Bro. A, B. Harnish, Mechanicsburg, Pa., aged 76 years, 1 
month and 7 days. Interment at the Baker church ceme- 
tery. Services in the Mechanicsburg church by the writ- 
er. Text, Heb. 13: 14. Henry Beelman. 

BROADWATER, Myrtle C, daughter of Bro. Perry 
and Sister Jane Broadwater, died Dec. 20, 1903, in the 
Maple Grove congregation, Garrett Co., Md., aged 15 
years, 3 months and 12 days. Her mother preceded her 
to the home beyond seven years. Funeral services in the 
Lutheran church at Bittinger, Md., by the undersigned 
and Eld. S. K. Fike. S. A. Miller. 

BRUBAKER, Sister Mary, widow of the late Christian 
Brubaker, died Dec. 15, 1903, at the home of her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Young, at Harrisburg, Pa., aged 66 years. She 
was a widow for about sixteen years. She leaves four 
sons and four daughters. Services by Bro. G. G. Leh- 
mcr, of Mechanicsburg. Interment at the Mumma ceme- 
tery, Penbrook, Pa. Sallie E. Schaffner. 

CARICOFE, Bro. John F., died in November, 1903, 
near Mt. Clinton, Va., in the Cooks Creek congregation, 
aged 78 years. He was a consistent member of the 
church. He was the father of eleven children, nearly all 
of ^ whom are in the church. He leaves a wife and ten 
children. Services at the Mennonite church near here 
Nov. 12, where the interment took place. Services by 
Eld. Emanuel Long, of Bridgewater, and Eld. Joseph M. 
Kagey, of Dayton, from Rev. 14: 13. J. D. Miller. 

CHAMBERS, Winfield Scott, railway postal clerk, was 
killed in a wreck of fast mail train No. 07 on S. R. R. at 
Danville, Va., Sept. 27, 1903. He was born near Wheel- 
ing, W. Va., May 10, 1879. He was married to Sister 
Came S. Heddings Feb. 23, 1901. He leaves a wife and 
infant son, a father, one brother and three sisters. His 
mother preceded him to the spirit land March 25, 1900 
Funeral services conducted by Eld. J. S. Holsinger and 
M. G. Early. Nellie Chambers. 

CR0SS . Bro. Newton M„ of Laporte, Ind., born at 
Waterford, Ind., died after three days' illness of pneu- 
monia Dec. 20, 1903, aged 15 years, 6 months and 22 days. 
He was baptized Oct. 17, 1898; was secretary of the Sun- 
day school at the time of his death; was loved and re- 
spected by his associates and fellow-Christians. He called 
tor the Christian anointing. Services at the Brethren 
church by Eld. S. F. Sanger, of South Bend, Ind. Text, 
Fsa - n6: '5- Rachel C. Merchant. 

rvH ILL P N ' James, son of Bro. Samuel and Sister Allie 
Dillon, died near Camden. Carroll Co., Ind., Dec. 23, 1903, 
aged 23 years and 2 months. He leaves a wife and infant 
son. Funeral services by the writer, from Num. 10:29. 
J. G. Stinebaugh. 
DOMER, Sister Frances, nee Burger, died in the Sugar 
Creek church, Holmes Co., Ohio, Nov. 29, 1903, aged 60 
years and 11 months. She was united in marriage with 
Seth Domer Feb. 19, 1861. They lived together thirty- 
seven years. Her husband preceded her in death nearly 
5 n ..3kJU B ag °;, 7-°- them were born nine sons and three 

rh fr T\ a " llVmg ' SlStCr D ° mer UnitCd With the - 

fi if * \h f y ye3rS ag ° , and lived a consistent Christian 
rh?;Jr he J lved ° see ?» of her children unite with the 
£ > U ^ Fa occasion improved by brethren M. H. 

Johnsontown congregation. W. Va., aged 71 years She 

liule'ToVa, Toh™ ^ |" d .»»">' missed by thl 
Mttle nock at Johnsontown. Services by the writer 

W. S. Reichard. 

^. le K s WS.^ &r 39 f T ly ° f ch ''- 

W. S. Reichard. 
home^Tg^i^.on^o "vT^D ^ " hW 

were born thirteen children, eight of whom survive. 
Sister Fike was a faithful member in the Brethren church 
for nearly forty years. She enjoyed the privilege of liv- 
ing to see all her children with their companions in the 
church, save those that died in their earliest years. Sis- 
ter Fike was afflicted for nearly eleven years. Funeral 
services by Eld. Jonas Fike, assisted by Bro. Albert 
Arnold. G. B. Hamstead. 

GUYER, Sister Catharine, died at her home near New 
Enterprise, Pa., of typhoid fever, Dec. 13, 1903, aged 58 
years and 7 days. She was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church for many years. Her second husband, 
Samuel Guyer, two sons and two daughters survive her. 
Funeral services in the New Enterprise church by Bro. T. 
J. Shaeffer, from 1 Cor. 15:6, assisted by elders D. T. 
Detwiler and C. L. Buck. Interment in the graveyard 
near the above church. W. H. Mentzer. 

HAMER, Sister Lizzie Shafer, died Dec. 21, 1903, in 
the Quemahoning congregation, Somerset Co., Pa., aged 
33 years, 1 month and 13 days. Services conducted by 
the writer in the Brethren's house at Hooversville, as- 
sisted by Bro. J. E. Blough. S. P. Zimmerman. 

HEASTON, Bro. John, died Dec. 10, 1903, near 
Holmesville, Gage Co., Nebr., aged 61 years. 4 months 
and 12 days. He was a son of Jacob and Margaret Heas- 
ton. Was married in 1862 to Maria Field, of Decatur 
county,_ Iowa, to which union were born three boys and 
nine girls, of whom eight survive. He with his com- 
panion joined the Brethren church in 1869, and he was 
chosen to the deacon's office three years later, and served 
faithfully till his health failed. Funeral by Eld. Owen 
Peters, assisted by James Gish. Bro. Heaston requested 
that John 14 be read at his funeral. Lydia Dell. 

HOPPOCK, Sister Hannah M., died Dec. 21, 1903, in 

the Amwell congregation, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, 
aged 55 years, 4 months and 21 days. She united with 
the Brethren church at the age of sixteen years, and was 
a faithful member all her life. Sister Hannah stood firm 
on the Rock of Ages, holding to the principles of the 
church she loved. She stood, since the death of her 
mother, twenty-three years ago, by the side of her fa- 
ther. She leaves one sister and a brother, members of 
the church. Funeral services conducted by the writer, 
from Mark 14:8. Hiram Forney. 

JOHNSON, Sister Lucinda, died at the hospital in _ 
Parkersburg, W. Va., Dec. 8, 1903, aged 61 years. She 
was baptized and received into the church by Eld. John 
Wise nearly thirty years ago. Her husband, Bigler John- 
son, died at his home near Davisville, W. Va., Nov. 30, 
aged nearly sixty years. Their remains were brought to 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, their former home, and 
laid to rest in the North Tenmile Baptist cemetery. 
Three daughters are left to mourn the loss of kind par- 
ents. Services by the Baptist minister to a large audi- 
ence of sympathizing friends. Rebecca Gayman. 

McCLAIN, William, born at Masontown, Fayette Co., 
Pa., died at Aurelia, Iowa, Nov. 29, 1903, aged 81 years, 7 
months and 29 days. He was married to Mary Kelso. 
Both were baptized by Eld. James Quinter in 1847. To, 
them were born ten sons and five daughters, of w,hom 
eight sons and one daughter survive. He lived the last 
sixteen years of his life at Aurelia, where his body was 
laid to rest beside that of his companion. Funeral con- 
ducted by the writer. J. E. Rolston. 

MATER, Henry, born near Boiling Springs, Pa., died 
near Lagro, Ind., Aug. 10, 1903, aged 73 years, 5 months 
and 14 days. He leaves his wife, one sister and three 
brothers. John Mater. 

MENGES, Sister Julian, nee Hess, died Dec. 21, 1903, 
at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Sarah Fink, in the 
bounds of Piney Creek congregation, Carroll Co., Md., 
aged 89 years, 8 months and 19 days. She united with 
the church when young and lived a consistent life until 
death. She was confined to her bed for three years from 
the effects of a fall. Services at St. Johns Lutheran 
church, near Littlestown, Pa., by Bro. J. H. Utz, assisted 
by Mr. C. P. Bastian, of the Lutheran persuasion, from 
Heb. 12:22, 23. Margaret E. Utz. 

MILLER, Daniel, died Dec. 2, 1903, in Back Creek con^\ 
gregation, Franklin Co., Pa., aged 67 years, 7 months and 
18 days. Bro. Miller labored in the ministry for Back 
Creek congregation for thirty-five years and .was elder in 
charge for the last fourteen years. He leaves a widow, 
two sons and three daughters. His remains were laid to 
rest at Upton church. Services from John 13:7 by the 
writer, assisted by elders John Lehner and Geo. Hege. 

D. M. Zuck. 
MILLIGAN, Bro. Jacob, died in Fruitdale congrega- 
tion, near Bangor, Cal., Dec. 11, 1903. He was over four- 
score years of age; had been a member of the Brethren 
church about three years. Alice Myers. 

MURDOCK, John W., born in Ayrshire, Scotland, 
died Nov. 27, 1903, aged 77 years. He was paralyzed 
about a year ago, when he made arrangements for his fu- 
neral in the Brethren church at Hagerstown, Md„ his 
wife and daughter being members. He was a member of 
the Lutheran church, but of late years has worshiped with 
ihe Brethren. Discourse by the writer, assisted by A. B. 
Barnhart. W. S. Reichard. 

NISWANDER, Bro. Joseph, died Dec. 23, 1903, of 
pneumonia, in the Barren Ridge congregation, Va., aged 
86 years, 2 months and 1 1 . days. He was a consistent 
member of the Brethren church for over half a century, 
and served the church as deacon for the greater part of 
this time. He leaves three sons and three daughters, two 
brothers and two sisters. Funeral services by Eld. E. D. 
Kindig, assisted by Eld. Samuel Driver, after which he 
was laid to rest beside his companion in the Barren Ridge 
cemetery. Wm. H. Coffman. 

PAYNE, Sister Sidney, nee Jones, died Dec. 5, 1903, 
near Mt. Clinton, Va., in the Cooks Creek congregation, 
aged 96 years, 2 months and 12 days. Grandmother (as 
she was mostly called) was born in Orange county, Vir- 
ginia. When fifteen years of age she married Thomas 
Payne and moved to this county. Her husband died 
twenty-nine years ago. She was the mother of fourteen 
children, eight of whom survive her. During her life she 
was never seriously ill until February, 1902, since which 
time she has been entirely helpless. She never connected 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 

herself with any church until in the fall of 1901, when 
Bro John F. Driver held a scries of meetings at the Hin- 
ton Grove church. She wanted to be united with the 
church and was baptized by Bro. Driver. Funeral serv- 
ices were held at the Hinton Grove church, by Bro. W. K. 
Conner, assisted by Bro. D. W. Crist, from Bridgewater, 
from Rev. 21. Her body was laid to rest beside that of 
her husband in the Bank cemetery. J. D. Miller. 

RASOR, Sister Hanna, died at Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 25, 
1001 aged 73 years, 8 months and 28 days. She was born 
in Montgomery county, Ohio. She was married to Sam- 
i uel Rasor March 28, 1857. To this union were born five 
' daughters and four sons. Her husband and seven chil- 
dren survive her. Funeral services conducted by Bro. 
Henry Warstler, from John 11:26. J. O. Weybright. 

RUTHRAUFF, Sister Ella M., died in the Paint Creek 
congregation, Kans., Oct. 26, 1903, aged 27 years, 5 months 
and 27 days. She leaves mother, three sisters and five 
! brothers. Father and three sisters preceded her. Fu- 
neral services conducted by S. P. and A. H. Crumpacker. 
Lydia V. Crumpacker. 

STEWART, Sister Margaret Catharine, "of the Manor 
congregation, WilHamsport, Md., died Dec. 16, 1903, aged 
57 years and 7 months. Services conducted at the house 
and also at the Welsh Run church, fifteen miles to the 
north, where interment was made, the writer officiating at 
i both places. W. S. Reichard. 

Lesson Commentary 

For 1904. 

A valuable aid in the study of the Sunday-school lesson. 
An enthusiastic and earnest teacher will not go before 
his class without a thorough preparation of the lesson, 
and in order that he may be prepared he will need the 
best of helps. If you have never used our commentary, 
give it a trial. 

It contains a complete Harmony of the Gospels, the 
very latest maps, and a class record. The explanation of 
the lesson is given in such a clear manner that it is easily 

To ministers of the Brethren church it is furnished free 
for the postage and packing, 16 cents. Price, 80 cents, 
postage prepaid. 


Elgin. Illinois. 

Ruth the True=Bearted 

— * — 

Another of the Series of 



We are pleased to state that we will be ready to fill 
orders for this little volume the first part of December. 
We have had a great many calls for this little book before 
it was published. A number who have read the manu- 
script claim that it will be the best of the series. Send 
your orders in now and the book will be mailed as 
quickly as it is ready. 

The volumes of the series which are now ready are: 

Joseph The Ruler 
Samuel The Judge 
David The King 
Daniel The Fear- 
Moses The Leader 
Jesus The Savior, 

VoL 1 
Jesus The Savior, 

Vol. 3 
Ruth The True- 


These are just the kind of presents your boys and 
girls will appreciate. Besides, they will mould character. 
Price, 35 cents per copy or 3 for $1.00. 
Address : 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Scarlet Line | Christian Workers Topics 

ASP ■ — ■■ 

Told at Twilight 

.For 10O4 


These two books are intended for the little tots who 
are beginning to read and for those who are not old 
enough^to read for themselves. 

If you want books that the little ones will reread and 
ask you to reread the stories to them, then get these little 
books. "Scarlet Line" is a continuation of the book, 
"Told at Twilight." Aunt Dorothy continues to gather 
the children around her in the evenings and continues the 
Bible stories up to the time the ark was brought back to 

The last Annual Meeting provides for the organization 
of young people's meetings -throughout the Brotherhood 
under the name of Christian Workers meeting, and also 
decided that the Brethren Publishing House should pub- 
lish a suitable list of topics for such meetings and that 
suitable comments and helps should be published in one 
or more publications of the House. For the present the 
Missionary Visitor will be used for notes and comments 
on the topics. 

The List of Topics, Neatly Printed on 
Good Cardboard Folders, 

Will be supplied by the House at the following rates: 
50 topic cards, ,(0 cents; too topic cards, 50 cents. More . 
than this number will be supplied at 100 rate. If you 
wish to have the name of your church, the hour of meeting, 
name of pastor, etc., printed on first page it will cost 50 
cents extra for the first 100 and 10 cents for each addi- 
tional hundred. 


Elgin. Illinois. 

Price of books, 35 cents each. Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 


Sunday School 

Lesson Calendar 

for 1904 

It is printed in two colors in bold-face type, so that 
it can be seen from any part of the room. 

It gives the calendar month, the subject of the lesson, 
where found, Daily Home Readings, etc. 

One large page of the calendar for each week, 52 pages 
in all. 

Something that every home needs. 

Price, only 30 cents or $3.00 per dozen, delivered. Spe- 
cial terms to agents. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Self- Pronouncing 




Lessons for 1904. 


Her. J. M. Coon, A. M., 1,1.. D. 


Containing the Sunday- 
school Lessons for 190.1, with 
proper names divided into syllables, and with accent 
marks placed and vowel sounds indicated; also Revised 
Version changes, Golden Texts, Daily Bible Readings, 
Historical Setting, Lesson Titles, Suggestive Readings 
References, Lesson Analysis, Practical Thoughts, and 
other helps and conveniences, such as Maps, Sunday- 
school Class Book pages for personal use of teacher, etc. 
Vest pocket size, 2»ijx5Xi inches and about 'A inch 
thick. Red linen, embossed and stamped in black, 25 
cents; red morocco, embossed and stamped in gold, 35 
cents; red morocco, interleaved edition, two blank pages 
between each lesson for notes, so cents. 
Postpaid on receipt of price. Address: 

Elgin. Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger and "Eternal Verities." 

Do you know a bargain when you see it? Most people do. Hundreds of subscriptions 
have already been received claiming the combination offer. The tenth thousand of this 
book is now nearly gone. 

The book itself is worth the price of the combination, and now it is offered for only 
the small sum of 25 cents additional. Every reader should accept this offer. The Gos- 
pel MESSENGER one year, regular price, $1.50, and Eternal VERITIES, regular price, 
$1.25; total, $2.75. Our price, combined, only $1.75. 

To the Old Friends of the Messenger: 

We will consider it a great favor if you will tell your neighbors about this special 
offer and widen the influence of our church paper. 


Elfin, Illinois. 

Per your special offer find enclosed % for which please send the Gospel Messenger to January, .90.. 

in combination with « Eternal Verities." (Fill out the year and if "Eternal Verities" is not wanted, cross out.) 


Post 0*c«. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1904. 


Wynne.— Dec. 24 husband and 1 mounted our horses 
for the purpose of going to our church in St. Francis 
county, about twenty-two miles distant. As I am not 
physically able to make the journey in one day, we 
stopped aboui half way with a orother and sister, i hey 
offered us their buggy, which offer was gladly accepted, 
and we went on in it. We were present at part of Christ- 
mas service and at council Saturday and regular preach- 
ing Sunday. Had a very pleasant meeting. Sunday even- 
ing we returned where we had got the buggy and left our 
horse and husband talked to a few who had gathered to- 
gether.— Eve G. Price, Wynne, Ark.. Jan. I. 

Sappy Creek church met in council Dec. 26. Our elder 
not being with us, Bro, K. Heckman presided, Three 
members were received by letter. We reelected our 
church officers for the next year, and the Sunday-school 
officers for the next quarter. We have three places to 
hold meetings, preaching every Sunday.— John Fetters, 
Beaver City, Nebr., Jan. I. 

Abilene.— The members of Navarre met for services on 
Christmas day. Bro. C. H. Brown preached. On Sunday 
a collection amounting lo $5-50 was taken for the St. 
• Joseph mission. Dec. 3' we met al the home of Bro. 
Bcnj. Forney to organize a Christian Workers meeting, 
Sister May Fisher was chosen president.— Elviua Cline. 
Navarre, Kans., Jan. I. 

Dayton.— Bro. Chas. A. Bame preached for us at 10:30 
A. M. and 7:30 P. M.. and will continue the meetings as 
long as he sees fit to the upbuilding of the cause. — Elmer 
Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Sterling.— Last Sunday the Sunday school and preach- 
ing services were united in one service, composed of talks 
from several on suitable Christmas subjects. There was 
a good attendance. In the spring Bro. Geo. King will 
move into the valley from Holyoke, this same congrega- 
tion. We have been thinking that while we want _ to 
spread the cause, too often we scatter too much, having 
in mind the getting of homes and this world's goods. — A. 
W. Ross, Sterling, Colo.. Jan. 1. 

Poplar Grove church met in council Dec. 26, Bro. A. C. 
Snowbcrger, of Greenville, being present, assisting in the 
work. Bro. James Q. Hclman and Bro. Hugh Blocher 
were elected Sunday-school superintendents. An agent 
was appointed who is to try to get the Messenger into 
all the members' homes in the district. Twelve dollars 
was donated to assist in the work. Bro. Snowbcrger re- 
mained over Sunday, preaching three sermons. — Cora 
Bollinger, Union City, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Milledgevilie. — Bro. John Heckman, of Polo, 111., 
preached for us from Nov. 30 to Dec. 20. We know that 
the labor will bear fruit. Our annual Sunday-school re- 
organization was made Dec. 27 and our quarterly busi- 
ness meeting was -held Jan. 2. Nothing but routine busi- 
ness was before the meeting, and when this was done 
some time was spent discussing some better ways of do- 
ing our work. — Joseph B. Wine, Milledgeville, 111., Jan. 4. 
Canton. — By the request of the brethren and sisters of 
the Eel River church, Indiana, I met them on the evening 
of Dec. 12 to assist them in a series of meetings. The 
meetings were well attended throughout. Three precious 
souls were received into the church by baptism. Meet- 
ings closed on New Year's evening with a well-filled 
house. We enjoyed our stay with God's children here. 
At present we are with the brethren of the Elkhart City 
church; meetings are now nicely started, with a com- 
mendable interest. — Reuben Shroycr, Canton, Ohio, Jan. 4. 
La Motte church met in council to-day. Our series of 
meetings, conducted by Eld. W. S. Toncy, closed Dec. 13. 
Bro. Toney gave us pure, spiritual food. The members 
were greatly encouraged. — Gertrude M. Stoner, Palestine, 
111., R. R. 2, Jan. 1. 

■Upper Canowago. — Eld. Jesse Zeigler, from Royersford, 
Pa., who is soliciting for general missions, was with us, 
also favored us Dec. 27 with two practical sermons, in the 
morning at the Hampton house and in the evening in 
East Berlin. Bro. S. S. Beaver, from McAlislerville, Pa., 
is holding a series of meetings at the Latimore house. — 
Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, Pa„ Dec. 29. 

Greene. — Dec. 31 this church met in council, Bro. W. H. 
Lichty, our elder, presiding. The church appointed of- 
ficers for the coming year. One letter of membership 
was granted. At a previous council it was decided that a 
furnace be put in the church building. This has been 
done and seems to prove quite satisfactory. That we 
may improve our singing, we intend to meet once each 
week to practice. Brother W. H. Lichty offered his 
resignation and it was granted. As Bro. Harvey Eiken- 
berry has returned from Nebraska and expects to remain 
here, he was chosen elder in charge. — Cora Eikenberry, 
Greene, Iowa, Jan. I. 

Prices Creek. — We are in the midst of a series of meet- 
ings at the old Price's Creek church. Bro. E. B. Bagwell 
is doing the preaching. A good interest is manifested. 
Some are counting the cost. — Jos. Longanecker, West 
Manchester, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

South Keokuk. — One of our aged and afflicted sisters 
desired a communion at her home. Last evening a few 
of our members met for that purpose. Our sister en- 
joyed it very much, as well as the others present. One 
has been received by letter since oitr last report. — S. F. 
Brower, OlHe, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

Lanark. — Dec. 24 we met in council. We had much 
business, as it was the season to elect many officers of 
the church. Jan. 3 we began our series of meetings, with 
Bro. C. B. Smith, of Milledgeville, 111., preaching. We 
find him to be sincere in the cause of Christ, an. able 
speaker and earnest in all his undertakings. On the aft- 
ernoon of Jan. 3 a dear sister was anointed. Our home 
department of the Sunday school closed its year's work 
with forty-six members, and a collection of $7.08 for the 
closing quarter.— Etta Arnold Eckerle, Lanark. 111., Jan. 3. 
Mesa.— I am the only member living in the community, 
having lived here for about two years and having no 
church privileges. I belong to the Sunnyside congrega- 
tion, but we have no preaching of our people at this point. 
There is preaching by the Baptists once a month. There 
is great need of a preacher here. Brethren coming 
through here will please stop off. They will be welcome. 
This is a great wheat country, and people who settled 

here with very little are now doing well. We live over a 
mile from town.— Mrs. Mabel Wennick, Mesa, Wash., 
Dec. 26. 


The fifth annual Bible term of the Maryland Collegiate 
Institute will begin Jan. 25 and continue two weeks. An 
excellent program has been arranged. Besides the regu- 
lar classes of the school, which go right on, the following 
special work has been provided for: Studies in " Bible 
and Hymn Reading." " First and Second Peter," " Sacred 
Music," " Moral and Social Science," and " Books of 
New Testament." The above classes give variet> enough 
that all may be satisfied. 

Many that cannot attend the full term can be present 
on the special days: Jan. 30, 10 A. M., "Educational 
Meeting;" 1:30 P. M., "Sunday-school Meeting." Feb. 
0, 10 A. M., "Christian Workers Meeting;" 1:30 P. M., 
" Missionary Program." 

The evening services will be conducted by Bro. J. A. 

These special Bible terms provide a change for the 
Sunday-school worker and the minister. Getting new 
ideas and inspiration from others, they go back to their 
work with greater zeal and earnestness. Those that can- 
not attend can encourage and assist some worthy workers 
to enjoy these privileges, and thus much good may re- 
sult. S. P. Early. 

Union Bridge, Md., Dec. 29. 


Dear brethren, sisters and friends, how can we thank 
you all enough for the many gifts of love received to help 
us out of debt on the Baltimore City church? Since our 
last report, Nov. 25, we received $514; previously reported, 
$4,383.95; total cash received to date, $4,897.95. Total 
cost of Baltimore City church, $5,785.01; amount of debt 
yet resting on me, $887.06. 

Busy and happy have we spent the days since Nov. 22. 
Many gifts come to us without any name. These we can- 
not receipt, but God knows they are all placed on our 
book with thanksgiving to the donors, though we know 
them not. After two short days spent in Waynesboro 
with my mother, last Friday and Saturday, we returned 

home to find among other letters awaiting us one with 
two fifty dollar bills ($100) in it for the church fund, just 
signed a Brother and Sister; no name. 

One of our Sunday-school scholars, in the permanent 
department, was received into the fold by baptism. 

Eld. J. M. Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa., preached twelve 
soul-stirring sermons in our new house, and while with 
us he and Sister Mohler visited many of the members, 
giving words of good cheer, and by their earnest work 
here endeared themselves to us. Their visit will long be 
remembered with joy. 

Brethren C. D. BonsaCk and Jesse Weybright (members 
of our district mission board) met with us in a pleasant 
members' meeting to talk over the work for the Master 
at this place. , 

Bro. E. F. Clark, of Meyersdalc, Pa., preached for us on 
Christmas day, through the kindness of Bro. Quinlan, his 

Eld. Silas Hoover, of Bills. Pa., gave us another most 
delightful visit and preached for us last Sunday evening. 
Come again, brethren. 

Monday evening we held our Sunday-school Christmas 
service, at which time the annual rewards were given out. 
This was the largest gathering yet held in our new 
church. Praise God for the increasing interest in our 
Sunday school. 

Some dear sisters in Virginia sent us some nice bed- 
clothing. These our earnest and faithful Sister Dove L. 
Sauble has distributed to good advantage. Though Sister 
Sauble works ten hours a day for her living, she is di 
voted to the Master's work, and often spends time in the 
evenings that many others would and do spend in sleep 
and rest. Oh! that God would open the way soon for her 
to devote her entire time to the mission work at this 
place, for we need her so much. 

The year 1903 has been a busy one in this mission. The 
record is done. One of our number was called away by 
death last week, Bro. Thomas Tate. Thus one'was added 
to our number and one taken away. 

Now we launch out into 1904 with new hopes, new 
equipments and new and golden opportunities for bring- 
ing souls in touch with Jesus. 

Do not forget us when you pray. Our work is .not 
done. It is just begun, And we want to continue happy 
and busy till Jesus calls us higher. Yuletide greetings to 
all, from the trio of 1607. J. S. Geiser. 

1607 Edmondson Ave., Baltimore, Md., Jan. 1. 

India; A Problem 


New and Revised Edition .lost from the Press. 

Thousands of 

these books have 
been sold and there 
will be thousands 
more sold. The 
book sells strictly 
on its merits. It 
contains a very 
large number of il- 
lustrations which il- 
lustrate the reading 
matter and bring 
the picture of India 
vividly before your 

Agents Wanted. 

It is a book that 
will sell to anyone 
who is interested in 
missions. If your township has not been canvassed, write 
to us to-day for particulars. Be sure to give name of 
township and county. 

Price of book in cloth, $1.25; full morocco, $2.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 




This book has been sold by the thousands, yet there is 
a demand for same because it gives the most authentic 
history of the Brethren of any yet published. It is pro- 
fusely illustrated and is printed on good paper. Bound 
in cloth, $2.00; half morocco, $2.50; full morocco, $3.00. 


Elgin, Illinois. 

A Modern Allegory 

Mr.World and 
Miss Church* 
Member » © 

that fills a pressing 
need in this period of 
worldly tendencies 
among Christian peo- 

It is a book that 
vividly illustrates the 
danger of yielding to 
the temptations that 
beset our young peo- 
ple on every hand. 
Fathers and mothers, 
it is your duty to set 
your children to think- 
ing along these lines, 
and this book will 
leave a lasting im- 
pression for good upon 

Cloth, Postpaid, 
Only $1.00. 

Address all orders to 


Elgin. Illinois. 

To Christian Workers' Societies. 

The Missionary Visitor will contain comments on the 
topics for the entire year. In order to get ahead one 
month the February number will contain two months' 

In order to introduce the Visitor, we will send 



As many topics to one address as there are homes rep- 
resented in the meetings. A special price will be made 
to clubs of this kind. Send in your orders now, and do 
not wait until the February number is printed and then 
expect to get back numbers. Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Sospel Messenger 


Vol. 43. 

Elgin, III., January 16, 1904. 

No .3 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. workingman as follows : " To perform fully and 

faithfully the work which has been freely and accord- 

?dit pfe a ^tions against Fire in Churches 40 ing to equity agreed upon ; not to injure the property 

What the Messenger has Done 41 or outrage the persons of masters ; to abstain from acts 

Councils-Their Necessities and Authority 41 q( ^^ eyen m , he drfcnse of thdr Qwn rights 

Our Thought l-ue h- _ # 

Jerusalem Jottings 42 and never to make mutiny their defense. for the 

Secondhand Lies 42 C a.™talist the obligations are : " To pay just wages to 

The Crooked Jew 42 1 & _ ,, . . , . . 

The Busy Life, 42 their workmgmen, not to injure their just savings by 

Essays,— violence or fraud or by overt or covert usuries ; not to 

When the South Wind Blows Softly. By John W. expose them to corrupting seductions and danger of 

MoTiv y e 1 s an for Work— 'the' Hope of Reward; 'the Fear scandal; not to alienate them from the spirit of fam- 

of Punishment; the Enlisted Heart. By L. D. j[ y [jf c an( j j rom ] ove f economy, and not to impose 

WorWng r 'for'th'e'Lord:''By'Ma'rtha'c'lick'seng'er,'.:34 upon them labor beyond their strength or unsuitable 

" Be Ye Perfect." By J. B. Brumbaugh 34 f or their age or sex." This instruction is good and if 

Amonrth°M-mT,L. B fSy W Ahie T By H on° Ver :: : \ W. \ % followed by both classes would settle the labor ques- 

The Secret of the Greatness of Moses 35 v ion bevond dispute. 

The Eternal Law. By G. J. Fercken 36 

Our Homecoming. By Sadie J. Miller 37 

Water Baptism. By John Calvin Bright 37 Pauis, France, probably has more lawsuits than any 

The Sunday School,— other city in the world. In the last year more than a 

Best Method of Conducting Quarterly Reviews. quarter million cases were decided. The divorce 

Tefus Rej^Tt'NazaVeVh',' :'.'.'.'. V:.V. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '.38 courts furnish the most startling figures. Last year 

H me and Family— there were tcn thousand, five hundred and thirty-nine 

Help the Boys'. By Nora E. Berkebile 39 cases, twelve hundred more than in the preceding year. 

The Principle of Plainness. By Etta A. Eckerle,..39 , ,, averaee number of marriages is twenty-thou- 

Sisters' Sewing Society of Fostona. Ohio. By Nora & . . 

E. Berkebile 39 sand a year, it is clear that more than half of them 

Thought and Health, 39 dissolved by the courts. These figures go ahead 

Plattsburg Aid Society. By Sudie Hooker 39 . P ■ *i ~i 1,-™ >u a 

Missionary Workers. By Sadie Anker 39 of any we know of in our country, though here the 

Our Sewing Society. By Anna Mote 39 marr j a g C tie is not held as sacred as the Lord in- 
General Missionary and Tract Department,— tended it to be. Surely some steps must soon be 

Fndia C' S g^Eliza'B.'Milier,' ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! '. '. !« ^ to sto P *if ff eat ■ «? "■ '"' ,hC . raCe "'" dege,> 

jimoUjn Notes. By Elizabeth Hovje -43 e rate more and more mc-olly -"id spiritually. 

Mission Notes from Northern Illinois. By C. H. _ 

Hawbecker 43 The cotton crop of the Southern States for the year 

— 10,03 is said to be worth from five hundred to seven 


It is estimated that the Panama canal is about two- 
fifths dug, but that it will take fifty thousand men 
eight years to complete it. There will be some difficulty 
in securing these men, for it is dangerous for white 
men to undertake the work. The West Indian negroes 
:are not generally subject to the fevers; but it is 
thought that not more than fifteen thousand can 
be drawn from the islands of the Caribbean Sea. The 
Chinese would likely be able to do the work, but there 
is strong prejudice against bringing more of them over 
where they might easily get into our country. It has 
been said that every tie in *he railroad across the isth- 
mus cost a life, which was a terrible price to pay. 
Better sanitary conditions, it is to be hoped, will 
make the death rate much less than it was. But the 
men to do the work will he found, and it will be pushed 
to completion after the treaty is ratified. 

Investigations to find out why so many persons 
lost their lives in the Chicago theater fire Dec. 30 have 
shown pretty clearly that care was not taken, the law 
being violated in many ways. Some are planning to 
bring punishment upon those responsible for the de- 
struction of life. But it will not be easy to fix the 
responsibility in an entirely satisfactory manner. The 
managers, of course, should bear much of it; but the 
city had ordinances and men whose duty it was to 
enforce them. If they had done their duty there 
would have been no such loss of life. Some have 
suggested that a hospital in memory of the dead be 
erected on the theater site. To use it in that way 
would certainly be a great deal better than to use 
it for a theater, whose influence is not of a kind that 
makes men better morally or spiritually. 

Under date of Dec. 18 Pope Pius X gave an impor- 
tant ruling upon the relative duties of capitali:ts and 
laborers. He gives the obligation resting upon the 

hundred million dollars, and the returns from the prod- 
ucts of southern cotton mills are worth four or five 
hundred million more. There has been a great ad- 
vance in cotton manufactures in the South since the 
war. Then there were only a few mills down there; 
now there are six hundred and forty-two, with nearly 
seven million spindles, the spindles having increased 
a million and a half in the last two years. And pros- 
perity has come in other things. The cotton seed oil 
amounts to twenty-five million a year. The output 
of iron has largely increased. The coal output is 
more than three times what it was in 1890. In icjOi 
the grain production amounted to nearly three hun- 
dred million dollars, fruit to more than twenty mil- 
lion and vegetables to more than seven million. 

In reply to the charges brought against him Sen- 
ator Reed Smoot, of Utah, says that only two of them 
could legally affect his right to hold his- seat in the 
senate. One of these is that he is a polygamist and 
the other that he is bound by some oath or obligation 
which is inconsistent with the oath required by the con- 
stitution, which was administered to him before he took 
his seat as a senator. Both these charges he denies 
absolutely, saying that he is not and never has been a 
polygamist and that he is bound by no oath or ob- 
ligation which can in any way interfere with his duty 
as senator. Only time can tell what the outcome will 
be. One thing seems certain, and that is that what he 
has said against polygamy is not pleasing to some of the 
people in Utah. The facts in the case will probably 
be found out and action taken in accordance with 

On his return from Europe W. J. Bryan said; 
■' During my trip my impression has been deepened 
that the policy of making our navy so great that it 
shall terrify other nations will simply result in pro- 
moting a rivalry' that will continue until it reaches the 
limit of the ability of the people to bear it. I would 

propose what I consider a better plan. I would 
Suggest instead of building the biggest navy that we 
make our government the best on earth, and instead of 
having our flag float everywhere let it stand for some- 
thing wherever il floats. I. el our flag stand for jus- 
tice between man and man and between nation and na- 
tion. . . . Possibly our flag would then not he so 
much feared, but it would he loved the whole world 
round, and this would be greater glory 10 the Hag than 
through any mere shortsighted policy," The sugges- 
tion is a good one. and if it were followed there 
would be more peace and good wili among the na- 
tions of earth. 

The Chinese emperor has ratified the American 
treaty of commerce by which Mukden, a port in Man- 
churia, is to he opened. When ratifications are ex- 
changed a consul can be appointed. Antung, an- 
other port is also In be opened. The Russian govern- 
ment claims to be in favor of the open door and to 
be desirous of developing Manchuria. Most people 
who read are distrustful of Russian statements, for the 
policy of that government all along has been to occupy 
territory and then absorb il. Uut Russia is nel me 
only country guilty of doing thus. Nations do not as 
a rule, have scruples against acquiring territory wher- 
ever it will be advantageous to them. They are not 
as keen to perceive the rights of others as to perceive 
their own. 

The English are still fighting against the Mad 
Mullah in Africa. There was a light last Sunday 
morning near Jidhalli, Somaliland. between twenty two 
hundred regulars and a thousand native troops, and 
live thousand of the Marl Mullah's troops. One thou- 
sand of tin- latter were killed, and many rifles and 
prisoners were taken. The loss for (lie British was 
very small. 'Hie general commanding thought it was 
the Mullah's main army, and if il was there ought soon 
to be an end 1" the fighting there. We shall he glad 

when all these conflicts cease. The earth ought s 1 

In be divided up iii such a way thai there would he 
no dispute as In what nation has a right in control 
a given part of it. 

In a speech at Manchester, England, Monday night 
Premier Balfour said that I , real Britain would carry 
mil in the fullest extent all her treaty obligations. The 
words may have been spoken in order in let the world, 
and Russia in particular, know just where England 
stands. Japan and Russia have not yet reached an 
agreement. For the Russians to know that Japan will 

not stand alone in case of war may tend to pn te 

peace. None of the powers really want war, for all 
of them have had experience enough with it to know 
how terrible it is. Yet some of them feel that Japan 
must not be crushed. Il looks as if war might be de- 
clared at any time; yet it may be averted. All peace- 
loving people hope that there will be no resort to it. 

Tiif Colombian government is sending troops to 
San Andres, near Panama, and the situation is re- 
garded as critical. General Reyes, the Colombian en- 
voy to this country to see what could be done, has not 
been able to accomplish what his people desired, for 
the American government does not feel that it can 
comply with the 'requests made. Panama revolted for 
cause, it has been recognized as an independent na- 
tion, and the canal treaty provides that its independ- 
ence shall be maintained. There can he no serious 
trouble, but it will he unpleasant, especially for Colom- 
bia, if there is a resort to arms. If General Reyes 
could have his way there would not be recourse to 
war to settle the differences, but a peaceable way would 
he found. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-January 16, 1904. 

a.hnroed, rightly dividing the Word ol Truth, 


I do not undertake to say 

Tliat literal answers come from heaven; 
But I know this, that, when 1 pray, 

A comfort, a support is given 
That helps me rise o'er earthly things 
As larks soar up on airy wings. 
In vain the wise philosopher 

Points out to me my fabric's flaw; 
In vain the scientists aver 

That "all things arc controlled by law. 
My life has taught me day by day 
That it availcth much to pray. 
1 do not stop to reason out 

The way and how. I do not care, 
Since I know this, that when I doubt 

Life seems a darkness of despair, 
The world a tomb; and when I trust, 
Sweet blossoms spring up in the dust. 
Since I know in the darkest hour, 

If I lift up my soul in prayer, 
That sympathetic Loving Power 

Gives hope and comfort to me there; 
Since balm is sent to ease my pain, 
What need to argue or explain? 
Prayer is a sweet, refining grace; 

It educates the soul and heart; 
It lends a lustre to the face; 

And, by its elevating art, 
It gives the mind an inner sight 
That brings it nearer the Infinite. 
From our gross selves it helps us rise 

To something which we yet may be, 
And so I ask not to be wise, 

If thus my faith is lost to me— 
Faith that with angel's voice and touch 
Says, " Pray, for prayer availeth much." 
Donegal, Kansas. 


comfort-luxury, perhaps.-prevailed : the haven was 
not " commodious." Yet it was an " haven ; and 
near it was a city. How many persons, dissatisfied 
with their simple, honest, and safe " enough," are led 
into the destroying storm, when the south wind prom- 
ises an easier and gaudier, though questionable and 
uncertain, " more." 

The ear of youth is dangerously attuned to the 
south wind's singing. Be warned ! The gay city ; the 
promises of quick wealth; the prospects of luxurious 
ease; the respectable wine parlor; the friend that takes 
a drink; the maid that extends the glass; an ear deaf 
to the divine voice, all lead to, but deliver not from, 

University of Virginia. 






And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that 
they had obtained their purpose, loosing thence, they sailed 
close by Crete. But not long after there arose against it 
a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon.— Acts 27: 13, >4- 

These men were doubtless waiting for, and desir- 
ing, a south wind. When it came, they supposed that 
it was a promise to their desires, and they took pleas- 
ure in it. But they found in it danger. It deceived 
them. They regarded it as a means of obtaining their 
purpose; but it led them away from safety. It led 
them into a danger from which it could not deliver 
them. It probably made them careless and forgetful 
of danger, until the tempestuous Euroclydon woke 
them with its sail-splitting blast. 

The soft south wind is often the forerunner of the 
furious Euroclydon. A prospect of prosperity, while 
it inspires hope, is also apt to soothe into forgetfulness 
and invite the dreams of indolence. The soft-singing 
south wind is a type of temptation. Sin has an alluring 
and insiduous power. The sirens sing sweetly. Be- 
ware ! At the sirens' feet is the graveyard of the sea ; 
the south wind may be the voice of lust, of appetite, 
of worldly gain and not the voice of God. 

Sin has such an alluring power, because men love to 
hear and are prone to believe what pleases them. Sin, 
in many of its forms, and always at its beginning, is 
pleasing to the perverted taste of man. Man loves 
promises rather than warnings. Sin gives promises, 
but no warnings. Thus even the experienced may be 
deceived. Those sailors of the Mediterranean were 
not novices upon the seas ; they were cautious in their 
way — they sailed " close by Crete " — but Euroclydon 
soon had them out to sea. 

But God sends warning ere he permits disaster. 
" Paul admonished them, and said unto them, Sirs, I 
perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much 
damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our 
lives." But the voice of gain, the voice of desire for 

The hope of reward or the fear of punishment in 
some form is back of a large part of the world's ac- 
tivity. " Will it pay ? " "I am afraid ! " enter large- 
ly into our calculations and making of plans. 

These are strong motives. God appealed to both of 
them in dealing with Israel,— and Christ warned 
against eternal punishment while he also told of the 
great reward in heaven. The Bible recognizes that 
what there is in it for himself has much to do with 
the willing actions of every one, and makes " respect 
unto the recompense of reward " entirely proper. 

The question of profit and loss applies to everything 
in life. A blessing may be turned into a curse, a curse 
into a blessing. The Word of God leads invariably to 
the very best disposition of every case, and will sanc- 
tify the good things of life and turn its misfortunes into 
blessing. This is throughout the Bible's policy; by its 
working the most barren life is made fruitful, the 
poor become rich, and the sorrowful are made happy. 
The sacrifices required by the Bible are for gain. 
In its plan the pleasures of selfish gratification may be 
given up, as yielding loss in the end, to take in- 
stead the better happiness of self-forgetfulness, in 
acts of generosity, kindness and love. And it will pay 
us both the amount and the quality of happiness 

Everything God forbids may be given up to advan- 
tage, because in each case he has something infinitely 
better to offer instead that cannot be had without giv- 
ing up the other. Every warning of the Bible may be 
heeded because there is loss and disaster ahead. 
Every command may be obeyed because it leads to 
good and to blessing to be enjoyed by him who obeys. 
These facts of profit and loss, of reward and punish- 
ment are held forth pre-eminently both in the old cove- 
nant of the Law and the new covenant of 
the Gospel, and from this standpoint strong ap- 
peal is made to the individual, to restrain him from 
the wrong and to guide him into the right for what 
there is in it for himself. 

While the hope of reward and the fear of punish- 
ment are strong motives, and God appeals to them 
both, yet there is another form of hold that he wants, 
that affords a surer, more constant and reliable, and 
a much finer detailed control of the lives of his chil- 
dren. God wants the heart with all its love, so that the 
act of doing right as well as avoiding the wrong comes 
from a native impulse. It is involuntary and instinc- 
tive, the natural movement of the life within. God's 
way is followed with delight, because it is his very 
life and blessed being moving the heart in his keeping. 
In this case the results at the end — the disaster to be 
avoided or the reward offered — are not necessarily in 
sight to call forth the right action ; but the heart de- 
mands it as an actual want, and cannot rest or be 
satisfied with the wrong; while it is gratified and made 
glad with the right because it accords with the heart's 
instincts and with the very life itself in its happy re- 
lation with God. 

Does the mother in the care of her child act on the 
utilitarian idea, i. e., the advantage or loss to herself? 
Are the hopes and fears through sickness but the 
shifting of prospects to which she is related in the fu- 

ture of her child ? No. It is not a matter of calcula- 
tion, of profit or loss, of reward or damage. It might 
be with a hired nurse, but the mother's wonderful de- 
votion is from the heart that takes into account every 
detail of her darling's needs and instinctively, from her 
very life's center, she is moved to do, and do, and con- 
tinue to watch and do,— all from native impulses of her 
heart of love, allowing the reward for her efforts 'en- 
tirely to take care of themselves. 

Likewise for the highest Christian life, the utmost 
faithfulness, the best work, the closest watchfulness, 
with joy and not complaints along the way, God wants 
the heart. Then without calculating the reward the 
motive to do right is instantly present, in season and 
out of season, to do his blessed will, with joy in the 

Until he has the whole heart, we serve him more or 
less as hirelings, and are not fully prepared to walk 
with him in blessed companionship, to delight in his 
law, or to give him the highest service in worship 
and in work. 

Ellison, N. Dak. 



Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily as unto the Lord, and 
not unto men. — Col. 3:23. 

Too often, I am -afraid, we find ourselves coming 
short of our duty in regard to the above text. 

In obeying this command any work that we engage 
in will be the Lord's work. Sometimes we are in- 
clined to wish we were more atctively engaged in the 
Lord's work. Why not wash dishes, make beds, till 
the soil, and reap the grain as unto the Lord ? Not all 
can go into the foreign field, but we each can pray 
for and help those who are called. We can encourage 
the city and all home work by doing something for that 
work. When we give of time or money it should be 
done cheerfully. A work is begun and those who are 
suspicious of success can harm the work by £f.-_' ; sw- 
their minds freely against it. I once collected money 
for the work in India, and one sister said : " I don't 
believe in sending our money away, for we have 
enough to do at home." When I was asked later to so- 
licit funds for home work this same sister did not 
seem inclined to give until I reminded her that she 
was interested in home work. We should be ready 
to encourage all work that is the Lord's. 

If we dress plainly because we belong to a church 
that requires it, and fear the brethren's criticism if we 
do not dress that way, we are doing it as unto men. 
Sisters, why do we wear the prayer covering? Un- 
less we feel that it is essential to bring us in the 
proper relationship to God, our wearing it will not 
avail anything in God's sight. Some think there is 
danger in our wearing it tpo much. It is much het- 
er for us to have it on and not need it, then to 
need it and not have it. 

Some months ago I ate dinner where a little girl 
(not a member) ran and got a prayer covering to put 
on when we went to the table. Her mother's example 
along many lines will make it easy for her when a 
little older to give her heart to God and live out his 
teachings. When we mothers see how our little ones 
are so apt to do what those in the home teach by 
example, it should inspire us to nobler action and a 
closer walk with God. 

Some one says : "If everyone else would quit wear- 
ing corsets, I will." Another says: " I would dress 
my children more plainly, but Sister A has less means 
than I and dresses hers stylish." Still another says : 
" I believe it is right to wear the prayer covering to 
singing school or when talking on Scripture or when- 
ever prayer is offered, but I do not want to be the 
only one." What motive prompts such excuses? O, 
for more Daniels to be bold in doing our work as un- 
to the Lord, even if alone. Were we each day to live 
as though Jesus were present we would forget to 
wonder what our neighbors think. David's prayer. 
" Create within me a clean heart," should oftener come 
from our hearts. Since God alone can see the heart 
and know the motive, it should behoove us to do every- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 


thing to his honor and glory. " Whatsoever ye do, do 
it heartily as unto the Lord, and not unto men." Let 
us not forget the whatsoever. 
Franklin Grove, III. 


'BE YE PERFECT."— Matt. 6:48. 


A brother makes this request: " Will you please 
give through the Messenger an exposition of Matt, 
e : 48 ? It seems to me there are a great many persons 
who misinterpret that passage." 

The Revised Version has it this way : " Ye there- 
fore shall be perfect, as your heavenly Father is per- 
fect." The reason for this change is, the verb in the 
Greek is a future indicative in form, and a future 
indicative is usually translated by " shall " or " will," 
and generally has a predictive force. This translation 
therefore gives the idea of a prediction, as to what will 
be at some future time, and, presumably, helps us over 
the hard question as to perfection in this present life. 
When we consider the depravity of our own natures, 
'we say perfection is impossible and God would not 
command what was impossible. The text, therefore, 
must, we say, mean our ultimate perfection, which is 
doubtless according to God's plan for all who are his. 
But the great probability is, that final or ultimate 
perfection is not in the text, and that the old trans- 
lation gives the idea that Jesus had in mind. The 
word therefore is significant, and points to the con- 
text. Jesus is teaching his disciples what should be the 
extent of their love; that it should not be confined to 
those who loved them, but include also their enemies. 
No matter what others did to them, however much they 
were persecuted, it was not to affect their love for 
their persecutors. To have such love, says Jesus, 
makes you sons of your Father in heaven. Then he 
goes on and confirms the Tightness of such love by the 
action of the Father : " For he maketh his sun to rise 
on the evil and the good ; and sendeth rain on the just 
„,,,;.;• „ unjust." He further tells them that the love 
which does not go beyond themselves and their friends, 
puts them on a par with the publicans; and to give 
friendlv greetings to their brethren only, puts them on 
a level with the Gentiles. 

" Be ye therefore perfect." Perfect in what? Per- 
fect in love is undoubtedly the thought of Jesus ac- 
cording to the context. And not only so, but be ye 
perfect in love now, not ultimately, but now, as ye 
come in contact with men who will now, while ye go 
about in discharge of your duties, persecute you. Is 
it possible to be perfect in such love? Yes; just as 
soon as we can love the souls of those who persecute 
us, that soon we are perfect in the sense of the text. 
This is God's ideal of love for us, and we may attain 
to it now while in the flesh, by his help. 

It is the love that Peter and John afterwards had 
when they endured persecution so patiently and with- 
out the feeling of resentment. It is the love that Paul 
had when he said, " I hold not my life of any account 
as dear unto myself, so that I may accomplish my 
course and the ministry which I received from the 
Lord Jesus, to testify the Gospel of the grace of God." 
It is the love that men and women have to-day 
that prompts them to labor for the salvation of souls 
amidst the severest persecution. 

During the trouble in China a lady had two daugh- 
ters there as missionaries. Both were killed by the 
Boxers. At the time of their death their mother was 
a missionary in Australia, and when she heard of the 
death of her daughters, she immediately resigned her 
place in Australia and stepped right into the place of 
her daughters. So great was her love for the Chinese 
that persecution did not affect it. This is the per- 
fection that Jesus had allusion to, and it is the love 
that every Christian should strive for until he at- 
tains it. Perfection in this sense is possible; but 
while this is so, Jesus does not expect that this 
bigh ideal that he sets will be attained at 
once by any one Christian, or the body of Christians, 
ft is an ideal which he gave his disciples and to all 
Christians, to which they may attain through union 
with himself. 


The reader will have to decide whether this is a 
picture of some one of whom he has merely heard 
or perchance of some near neighbor, not to suggest 
that it might be of some one into whose home the 
Messenger enters weekly. It would be more interest- 
ing if we had a photograph to look at, but since we 
have none we must be content to construct our own 
mental picture from a few facts. 

An average sized plug of tobacco will measure 
3x2^/2x^4 inches or 5.625 cubic inches. Counting that 
a man will chew an average of one such plug a week 
for forty years, paying ten cents per plug, he will 
have spent $208 for 2,080 plugs, making, if all put to- 
gether, nearly seven cubic feet. 

Again, counting that a man will smoke three cigars 
a day, in forty years he will have smoked 43,680 
cigars, and by paying three and one-half cents each he 
will have spent $1,528.80. An average length of a 
cigar is four and one-half inches, and if the 43,680 
cigars were put in one long cigar- it would be three 
miles and 540 feet long. 

Now construct your picture of a young man sitting 
by the side of 2,080 plugs of tobacco or seven cubic 
feet of the nasty stuff, chewing at it and spitting black 
saliva every few moments into a tank big enough to 
float a good-sized boat. Then look at him forty years 
later, just finishing his last " chew," looking into that 
tank of black, foul spit, and by it a pile of nasty " worn 
out," " chewed up " quids. Then listen to his solilo- 
quy on the artistic character of his salivary perform- 

Now change pictures and behold another young 
man yet in his teens just beginning to smoke a cigar 
more than three miles long. Notice how artistically 
he blows the smoke from his nose or curls it out from 
the side of his mouth. Compute, if you can, the 
energy required to draw the smoke through the cigar, 
and when it is all done hear him congratulate him- 
self on what a tremendous volume of smoke he has 
drawn into and blown out of himself. 

Dear reader, if you do not feel a revolution brew- 
ing just beneath your vest pocket, meditate a little 
longer on these pictures and calculate how long the 
chewing tobacco would be if it were in the form of 
" twist " and also how large the volume of smoking 
tobacco if the person used a pipe. Other facts and 
pictures will doubtless be suggested. Will you not 
describe them that we may all adorn the halls of our 
minds with such matchless pieces of art and be profited 
thereby ? 

North Manchester, Ind. 



1 have just returned from a summer's outing among 
the dear old Tennessee hills. Never before did the 
hills present to my vision such sublime beauty. 
Among the hills I feel penetrating my whole being a 
divine love that I do not feel on the rolling prairies. 
My mind is continually flooded with thought. 

When I view the hills and mountains I think in 
sadness of the last scene in the life of Moses. The 
forty years' march of the wilderness was ended, the 
camps of the gathered host were pitched for the last 
time under their great leader's eye. For a whole gen- 
eration the burden of this people has been laid upon 
him; he had carried them in his bosom as a tender 
father carries an infant child. At times he had been 
so afflicted and discouraged by their murmurings and 
sorrow as to beg of God as a favor that he might 
die at once and not live to see his own wretchedness. 
But now the wearisome journey through the desert 
was ended, the dread of chastisement, plague, poison- 
ous serpents and avenging fire was ended. In one- 
long panorama before them lay the land of promise, 
with its wooded hills, grassy plains and refreshing 
streams, seeming the more beautiful because they had 
wandered a whole lifetime in the howling waste of 
Arabian deserts. 

Now Moses, who had suffered everything for their 
sake and had even prayed that his own name might be 
blotted from the book of life if they could not be 
saved — even he is commanded to turn away his face 
from his beloved people and go up into a solitary 
mountain and die there alone. And turning slowly 
and sadly from the sacred tabernacle in which he had 
so many times conversed with his God face to face, as 
a man talks with a friend — turning from the goodly 
tents of Jacob which were spread forth upon the plains 
like gardens by the river side — he sets his face toward 
the mountains and begins to climb the steep ascent of 
Nebo to find the place of his death. An old man, 
a hundred and twenty years of age, leaves behind him 
the people whom he has loved with a love stronger 
than death, and he goes away into the solitude of the 
uninhabited heights to die alone. No loving hand 
shall soothe the pillow for him in lie down to his last 
sleep. No human voice shall whisper words of peace 
and comfort to cheer him in his dying moments. The 
people whose murmurings be has so many limes tried 
to quench with words of cheer shall not be permitted 
to come and tell him for the last time how dear he has 
ever been to their hearts. No loving eyes shall weep 
when death casts its pale shadows upon his aged brow. 
The weeping and mourning of his desolate people shall 
be far away, in the distant plains while he sleeps in 
his unknown grave, and no one shall ever be permitted 
to shed a tear or raise a memorial stone upon the place 
of his burial. 

Though Hie meekesl of all men on earth, Moses had 
given way to provocation and had trespassed against 
the Lord at the waters of Meribah, and therefore he 
must not be permitted to go in unto the land which 
the Lord had given to Israel. If God dealt so severe 
ly with this most honored servant, how much more 
severely will he deal with such unworthy servants as 
we? This should stand as an everlasting memorial 
on the sacred pages to warn us against temptation. 

As I view the hills, each one seems to say: " Look 
upon me with reverence and gratitude, for I am the 
work of God's divine hand." A day spent among the 
hills is to me a day of worship more sacred than 
that spent in sanctuaries made by human hands. The 
grandest day's study I ever had was from the car 
window while the train swiftly glided through our 
hill country. The long journey of the day was a 
continued panorama, more rich and varied in beauty 
than any that the great masters in painting ever spread 
upon canvas. Hills and valleys, fields and forests, 
rocks and streams, villages and farm houses floated by 
in the brightness "f the sunlight and under the shad- 
ow of the clouds, until (he eye was weary with behold- 
ing and the mind surfeited with heauty. I have seen 
the slopes of the hills lifted up to hang the flaming 
hues of the forest in the clearest light; the 
waning hues of the ridge and valleys would 
soften the transition from one view to another, 
and the russet hues of the harvest fields will 
tone down the picture with such a delicate blend- 
ing of light and shade as we see when the dawn im- 
perceptibly brightens into day or the twilight deepens 
into night. This varied and dazzling beauty is all 
the work r,f God's divine hand. The inheritance of 
Ephraim and Manasseh in old lime was never clothed 
with such gorgeous colors as God gives to our Ameri- 
can hills, when the forest flames out in every leaf and 
autumn winds begin their mournful song. 

Blessed, a thousand times blessed, be the name of 
our God, because he has made this world so beautiful 
that the hills and forests of earth can help us to con- 
ceive the more glorious beauty of that land where 
light is never dim and the living never die. 

Burns, Ohla. 

■ » ■ 


In an able address delivered before the graduating 
class of the Whitehall High School, New York, a very 
striking analysis of Moses was given by the Rev. 
C. E. MacGinness, A. M., which we think will prove 
to be interesting to our readers. We will, therefore, 
make some extracts from this able address. Rev. C. 
E. MacGinness said: 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 

" It is not every man who is great, either in speech 
or in action, to say nothing of being mighty in both ; 
but Moses was. Not eloquent, by his own confession ; 
of course not. Where two pounds pressure will open 
the safety-valve you will never find a hundred pounds 
behind the piston. Had he been glib, the world would 
never have heard of him; or, if it had, it would have 
despised him. A ground wire will rob a dozen bat- 
teries, all unheard; it is accumulations of lightning 
that cleave the clouds and shake the earth. 

" He was meek, i. e., there was plenty of lightning 
in his blood to be controlled, and it was controlled. 
Only once did it leak its insulation through his lips, 
and perhaps once through his fist, though the Bible 
overlooks that. He was only forty then, and had still 
forty years of schooling before him. While that one 
slip caused him to fall short of his own hope by one 
step, it did not prevent his fame from filling the 

" He could hold his tongue in as many languages as 
he knew. He was master of silence ; and the result is, 
that after five-and-thirty centuries his fame is in all 
the earth, as one who was great— yea, mighty in 
words ! 

" What a master-piece his farewell address ! ' Give 
ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak ; and hear, O earth, 
the words of my mouth. My doctrine shall drop as 
the rain ; my speech shall distill as the dew.' Master 
of silence, mighty ill words, I bid you hear him when 
he speaks. 

" Lincoln gave liberty to millions of slaves ; .Wash- 
ington made a number of incoherent colonies and na- 
tions ; Columbus discovered a continent ; Jefferson sug- 
gested and penned a Declaration of Independence. 
Had these men done nothing else, a single deed would 
have enrolled them among the immortal great; for 
founding a religion, even a poor one, Buddha and Mo- 
hammed are remembered. Mighty in deeds, Moses 
matched them all. He emancipated millions who had 
been enslaved, and made them a nation. He led them 
to the gateway of a country. He gave them a consti- 
tution and a religion. He conducted a school in the 
wilderness, in which tuition was free ; attendance, com- 
pulsory ; the course, forty years; the graduates, who 
took it all, two— Joshua and Caleb. A severe curricu- 
lum, but justified by his high purpose, not to con- 
quer Egypt, but to train an undisciplined race for the 
discipline of the moral law. Before a faith so noble, 
far-sighted, and energetic, Egyptian courage failed, 
and the movement in behalf of human dignity and 
liberty was blessed for those who understood it and 
for the human race. The moral law is to be remem- 
bered among his works rather than among his words. 
It reflects heaven and earth. Such a monument is 
it of insight and genius that one might call it an 
abridged republication of the law engraved by the Cre- 
ator on the heart. This is the secret of its self-at- 
testing majesty. About it there is no smell of the 
lamp; simple flashes of sunlight. His five books of 
condensed ancient history, pedigrees, memoranda, 
songs, and narratives, evidence and suitably head the 
triumphal procession of books which, by the consent 
of millenniums, have taken their place in the world's 
Sacred Volume. 

" Every incident in his life is the common property 
of mankind. From the romantic ark and princess to 
his mysterious burial, without human witnesses or the 
touch of human hands. His one hundred and twenty 
years fall into three equal periods of (1) learning, 
(2) contemplation, (3) and action. 

" Born a peasant, educated a prince ; forty years of a 
brilliant and refined life of the Egyptian Court ; a tra- 
dition of fame for hurling Egyptian armies against 
Egypt's foe ; an offer of adoption, with the prize of 
probable succession to the throne of the Pharaohs. 
He refused. He had learned much ; there was much 
yet to learn. He had enjoyed much, but other things 
were ahead. Fortune had offered a crown ; destiny 
had greater things in store. 


" With violence, he breaks away and enters upon 
the second period of his life. He exchanges the Nile 

Valley for Arabia, where Nature wears her wildest 
and bleakest forms, among awful precipices and lonely 
valleys in solitude he ponders. He is in the desert- 
so still that Heaven's voices reach him; so plain, that 
the jeweled sky impresses him. His soul is stirred 
by the mingled voice of the Eternal and the groans 
of his oppressed kindred. Reluctantly, but with fi- 
nality, he accepts this highest of all commissions, and 
enters upon the third period of his life. 


" The burden of his eighty years are but the prep- 
aration for his arduous action. He is calm now ; no 
sudden fit of reform spirit will strike down a labor 
foreman in his blood. When be strikes, you will see 
the throne of the Pharaohs rock from side to side. 
Disinterested, patient, a man of massive energy and 
easy ascendancy over thousands who know no law; 
and, though his task was nothing short of Herculean, 
the innumerable obstacles that confronted him, re- 
quiring Titanic energy of will, together with infinite 
patience and faith, yet it is the achievement of this 
very task that has given him a greatness that is perma- 
nent and whose colossal dimensions defied the dimin- 
ishing perspective of years. To his contemporaries, 
the man Moses was very great. Look back through 
the vista of fifteen centuries, he was, as Stephen says, 
" mighty in words and in deeds.' Five-and-thirty cen- 
turies but enhance his stature. Sweep the entire hori- 
zon of history, and massive and grand in confessed su- 
periority tower his genius and achievement. 

" Above the inspiration of such a life, and aside 
from its substantial bequests that have made the world 
better, it has this value: It shows the same elements 
that enter into all lives, and on such a scale that we 
can study them without either microscope or imagi- 
nation. It were a daring task to attempt to name all. 
It is safer to make virtue even of the dullness of or- 
dinary vision, and mention only those that cannot 
escape even the common eye. — Phrenological Journal. 



Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the 
prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For 
verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot 
nr titlle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be ful- 
filled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least 
commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called 
the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall 
do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the 
kingdom of heaven. For I say unto you, That except: 
your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the 
scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the 
kingdom of heaven. — Matt. 5: 17-20. 

It is the opinion of all Bible students and interpret- 
ers, especially from the fifth century downwards, that 
Christ did not abrogate the written law, but confirmed 
it. In corroboration of this they quote our Lord's 
own words : " Think not that I am come to destroy 
the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, 
but to fulfil." But how did Christ confirm the law? 
And how can the law of Christ be united to the law of 
Moses? To this there is no answer. The interpre- 
tations are a mete play upon words. They pretend 
that Christ fulfilled the Mosaic law and other proph- 
ecies, and that he fulfilled the law through man's ac- 
ceptance of him. 

" The only real question for a believer, how to write 
two contradictory laws which equally determine the 
life of man, remains without even an attempt at de- 
cision, and the contradiction between the verse in 
which it is said that Christ came not to destroy the 
law, and the verse between which it is said, " Ye have 
heard that it was said — but I say unto you," — and 
again between the spirit of the whole teaching of 
Moses and that of Christ, remains in full force." — 
Leo Tolstoi. 

On close examination of the text, it is manifest that 
Christ only meant this : that he came not to destroy 
the eternal laze. From that law " one jot or tittle shall 
in no wise pass away," because it is more immutable 
even than the earth or the heavens. It is for this cause 
that Christ enjoins its execution; but Mosaical, leviti- 

cal, ceremonial or any other law, he does put aside in 
order to substantiate his own instead, that thus we may 
have his law or Moses', but not both together. 

In confirmation of this, we have the many declar- 
ations of St. Paul wherein he states that we are " not 
under the law " ; that we are " delivered from it " and 
■■ dead unto it " ; that it " made nothing perfect " ; 
that it " worketh wrath," and gives " the knowledge of 
sin " ; that it was merely " our schoolmaster to bring 
us unto Christ," etc. 

The German theologian, Reuss, writes the follow- 
ing on the subject: 

" On a first reading (of Matt. 5 : 17) we are inclined 
to suppose that the Savior's intention was to declare, 
in the most positive and emphatic language, his main- 
tenance of the absolute authority of the law even in its 
minutest details. The law and the prophets is the 
consecrated formula employed in the synagogues as a 
general title for the holy books read in the public 
congregations, as I have shown in my History of the 
Canon. But, on reflection, we are prevented from 
adopting such a conclusion by the fact that 
the Christian church has annulled a consider- 
able portion of the law, and exactly that por- 
tion to wdiich the contemporaries of Jesus at- 
tached the highest importance; and we further 
remember how the apostle Paul proclaimed loudly the 
abolishment of the law and its replacement by a regu- 
lating principle of an entirely different kind. And 
lastly, we cannot forget the many occasions on which 
Jesus either put himself above the law (Mark 2:27; 
Matt. 12:6), or declared that it had come to an end 
(Mark 14: 58; John 2: 19), or reduced it to one of its 
elements in such a way as to reject the others, or, at 
least, to throw them into the background (Matt. 
23:23; 12:7; 22:40; 9:13), or lastly, directly con- 
demned it as being imperfect (Matt. 19:8; 15:9)." 
The word nomos (law) when used with the article 
in the Gospel denotes the law of God, the moral law 
in opposition to the law of Moses. In this latter sense 
the same word (nomos) is employed, but without the 
article. The following are examples of the use of ,this . 
word with the article as applied to the law in general : 
" Master, which is the great commandment in the 
law?" (Matt. 22:36). "Woe unto you, scribes and 
Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithes of mint and . 
anise, and cummin, and have omitted the weightier mat- 
ters of the law " (Matt. 23: 23). And the following 
are examples of the use of this word without the ar- 
ticle as applied to the law of Moses: "To present 
him to the Lord, as it is written in law of the Lord " 
(Luke 2: 22, 23). " To offer a sacrifice according to 
that which is said in law of the Lord" (v. 24). 
Numerous examples of both these forms are to be 
found in the epistles. 

Therefore, when our Lord said, " Think not that I 
am come to destroy the law or the prophets," he meant 
this : " I have not come to destroy the eternal law, for 
the fulfilment of wdiich were written your holy books 
and your prophecies, but I have come to enjoin on 
you the execution of the eternal law ; and I speak, not 
of that law which your teachers, the Pharisees, call 
the law of God, but of that eternal law which is more 
immutable even than the earth and the heavens." 

We have another proof that Christ does not speak 
here of the written law. If he had so spoken in this 
seventeenth verse, he would have employed the custom- 
ary expression " the law and the prophets," as is his 
invariable custom when using the word in that sig- 
nification, but his expression is quite different: "The 
law or the prophets." 

Again, Christ uses the same expression in the Gos- 
pel of Luke, in such a context that its meaning be- 
comes indisputable. In chapter 16: 15 he says to the 
Pharisees, who rely on justification through the writ- 
ten law. " Ye are they which justify yourselves before 
men ; but God knoweth your hearts : for that which 
is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the 
sight of God. The law and the prophets were until 
John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, 
and every man presseth into it." Immediately after- 
wards (v. 17) he says, " But it is easier for heaven 
and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail." 
By the words, " the law and the prophets until John," 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January r6, 1904. 


Christ repeats the written law. By the words, " easier 
heaven and earth to pass than one tittle of the law 


In the former 

o fail," he declares the eternal law. 
lace lie says, the law and the prophets; that is to say, 
the written law; in the latter place he uses the single 
word kw, and he means the eternal law. It follows 
clearly, then, that here the eternal law is placed in 
distinct opposition to the written law, and that the 
same opposition is intended in Matthew, when the 
eternal law is indicated by the words the law or the 

But whether it be " the law and the prophets or 
-the law or the prophets," it is a fact that in the 
crrcater number of manuscripts the word " law " alone 
Ts used ; thus, " Think not that I am come to destroy 
die law ; I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil." In 
other manuscripts, in Tischendorf's and in the Canoni- 
cal one, the word " prophets " is added, not with the 
conjunction " and." but with the conjunction " or," so 
that in both cases, whether the word " law " alone or 
the expression " the law or the prophets " is used, the 
written law is excluded, and the eternal law is in- 

Therefore, to recapitulate, we will say that when 
Christ rejects, the law in the sense of the written law 
of the five books, he always adds " and the prophets " 
or else puts before the word " law " the word " your." 
When he refers to the moral law, he says " the law " 
with the article, or " the law or the prophets." We 
give some examples : 

When he says, " All things whatsoever ye would 
that men should do to you, do ye even so to them : for 
this is the law and the prophets," he speaks of the writ- 
ten law. 

When he says (Luke 16:16), "The law and the 
prophets were until John," he speaks of the written 
law, and denies its obligations on man. 

When he says (John 7: 19), " Did not Moses give 
you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law?" 
or (John 8: 17) "it is also written in your law," or 
(John 15 : 25 ) " that the word might be fulfilled which 
was -written in their law," he speaks of the written 
=Svfr%! the law which he rejects, of that same law 
which condemned him to death (John 19:7). The 
Jews answered Pilate, " We have a law, and by that 
law he ought to die." It is evident that the law of the 
Jews, which condemned to death, is not the law which 
he taught. When Christ says, I came not to destroy 
the law, but to teach you to fulfil it, for nothing can 
change it, and it must all be fulfilled, he speaks, not of 
the written law, but of the divine, eternal law, and, so 
speaking, confirms it. 

The conclusion of the whole matter, then, is, " that 
we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the 
free ; " that " we are no more under the law, but under 
grace ; " that we belong to a dispensation which has ab- 
solutely nothing to do with the old ; that the pedagogue 
who brought us unto Christ cannot any more take us 
back to his school, where he " made nothing perfect." 
and only taught us " the knowledge of sin." " After 
that faith is come, we are no longer under a school- 
master," " for the priesthood being changed, there is 
made of necessity a change also of the law." " The 
law was given by Moses; but grace and truth came 
by Jesus Christ." 

We must admit all this if we do not wish Seventh- 
Day Adventists. to tax us with inconsistency. Either 
we will " turn again to weak and beggarly elements," 
consistently like them keep the Sabbath Day instead of 
the glorious Resurrection Day, and thus " come unto 
the mount that might be touched, and that burned with 
fire, unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest ; " or, 
as beings emancipated from all laws, be they moral, 
civil, ceremonial, Levitical. Mosaical, or whatever they 
be. " We will come unto Mount Zion. unto the city of 
the living God. the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an in- 
numerable company of angels, to the general assembly 
and church of the first born which are written in 
heaven, and to Jesus the Mediator of a new covenant." 
But Christ, in abolishing all law previously given, 
which only " had a shadow of good things to come," 
did not abolish as he declares it himself, that eternal 
law of righteousness which existed before the law of 
Sinai existed, that everlasting law of supreme love to 

God and equal love to fellow-creatures, the law which 
must be as eternal and as everlasting as God himself. 
Montreal (Ain), Fra:tce. 



Saturday, Dec. 5, was our last day on the steamer, 
and we were exceedingly anxious to get the first 
glimpse of Bombay. About four o'clock, away off in 
the distance, we could see traces of buildings. Wc 
imagined seeing our dear ones standing at the docks 
watching for the steamer which should bring us to- 
gether. We should have landed in the forenoon some 
time ; but something being wrong with the machinery 
caused the delay and we did not land in the docks until 
ten o'clock P. M. At eight o'clock the ship stopped, 
and here we watched for our friends to come on. 
Eliza was the first one to come on. We saw her just 
before she stepped on the gang plank and I ran to 
meet her. Several hours later Bro. Lichty came and 
we made arrangements for landing next morning. 

Sunday morning came and we went to the hotel, had 
breakfast and then all but Bro. Lichty went to Meth- 
odist church services. Bro. Lichty had a slight attack 
of fever. 

At five o'clock P. M. we held a thanksgiving service 
in which each one took part, with Bro. Emmert lead- 
ing. We certainly had great reason to be thankful for 
all we had enjoyed while on the sea and for our safe 

Monday was the day for shopping, not only for us, 
but for the Orphanages. By evening we were all 
through and we did our packing to leave on the morn- 
ing train for the different stations. At seven forty- 
five our train left Bombay, and we were a merry party 
with twelve in one compartment. 

At 12:30 we reached Bulsar, where Brother and 
Sister Stover met us. 

Eliza, Mamie, Nora and myself stepped off here. 
The rest went to their several stations. When we 
came to the gateway, there were the boys and girls 
in two long lines singing songs of greeting for us. On 
the veranda we sat down and were received in the 
regular Oriental way. A wreath of flowers was 
placed on each of us,— a very royal reception, indeed. 
After the flowers Bro. Stover asked each of us to rise 
while he introduced us to the children and all who 
were here. I am sure we enjoyed the reception as 
much as they. When they found I was Eliza's sister 
they said something and laughed. I found they had 
said: "She looks like Eliza, but is much larger" 

They, with us, had looked forward to this time 
with much anxiety. The rest at the other stations re- 
ceived the same kind of' reception. 

And now we are all settled and at work on the 
language. Our new homes we enjoy and think how 
much more we could enjoy than those who came first 
with no one to welcome them. They had to find a 
home, and now when we see what a great work has 
been done by those and all the workers we feel like 
doubling our efforts in helping to push the work. 

Wednesday Sister Stover and myself went out to 
the sea to visit a sick lady. The weather is so pleasant 
this time of year in India. Yesterday Sister Stover 
took us out to a mission house where a Christian na- 
tive and his wife have charge of sixty children from 
this Orphanage. Some one goes out each week and 
they have a women's meeting. There being three new 
Missy Sahibs now. the women felt they must have 
something special. After giving us tea and fruit Sis- 
ter Stover read the story of Naaman to them and told 
them the story. They listened very attentively. Next 
they wanted to hear from us, so Sister Stover trans- 
lated to them what each of us had to say. If you 
could see the tears of appreciation they shed you would, 
like we, fhink it worth your time to be here only a few 
days. Our greatest passion is to be able to talk with 
them and go out among the people with a message 
from heaven and God's Word. 

We came home last evening feeling that we had re- 
ived much from them. Burie, the native sister of 

whom we had read so much, is such an earnest and 
devoted Christian. In her talk she said : " Now we 
know that you truly love us and if you have taken such 
an interest in us as we know you have by coming 
away from your homes into this dark land, we cer- 
tainly want to live the very best we possibly can ; but 
we are so ignorant and all we know is what you teach 
us, and if we make mistakes you must not think we 
mean lo. but it is done in ignorance and we are ready 
any time to have you correct us." 

Just now Eliza has called me to come out and see 
Miriam and Rachel (the two babies she brought a 
year and a half ago). They are nice little girls and 
are being cared lor by a native family across the way 
f mm -the compound. 

This morning we were :it the prayer service of the 
children. In the absence of Bro. Stover, wdio is at 
Baroda, Eliza conducts it. In our colleges we would 
call it chapel exercises. It is indeed impressive to ob- 
serve their sincerity and devotcdness. They all sit on 
the doer and in time of prayer bend forward with their 
faces to the door. Getting acquainted with all these 
new surroundings is a pleasure. 



John, the 
ater. He " 

nger of the Christ, baptized with 
baptized in /Enon near lo Salem, because 
there was much water there." John 3 : 23. " Then 
went out to him Jerusalem and all India, and all the 
region round about Jordan, and weir baptized of him 
in Jordan, confessing their sins" Mall. 3:5, 6. The 
Savior with his disciples baptized with water during 
bis personal ministry. John 3:26] 4:1, 2. He said 
after his resurrection: V Ye shall be baptized with 
the Holy Ghost not many days hence." Acts 1 : 5. 
This proves that none of them had been baptized by the 
Holy Spirit yet. The baptism named in the great com- 
mission (Malt. 28:19) is water baptism. 

(a) The apostles could not baptize anyone with the 
Holy Spirit. The finite cannol wield the infinite. 

(b) The apostles on the memorable Pentecost said 
i,, the believing iu<|tiirers, "Repent and be baptized, 
.... and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy 
Ghost." Acts --:3s. Notice that after baptism they 
would receive the gifl or baptism of the Holy Spirit. 

(c) Philip went down lo Samaria and preached and 
baptized men ami women. Acts 8:5, 12. Afterward 
Peter and John were sent unto them. " who when they 
were come down prayed for them thai they might re- 
ceive the Holy Ghost." Acts 8: 14, 15. 

(d) Philip also baptized the eunuch, the sacred writ- 
er recording thai " they went down both into the water, 
both Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him." 

Vis 8:38. 

(e) When the lirsl (..entile converts received the 
baptism of the Spirit they were baptized with water. 
Acts 10:47. 4 s - 

'[) In every place in which the element is named 
with which the apostles baptized, it is water. This is 

Daytan, Ohio. R. R. ; 



11V I), r. WARNER. 

I hi scope and policy of this paper will not be giv- 
, n 10 many methods, because, in making an analogy of 
methods, the writer could not conclude that there were 
many best. 

In taking control of this subject, your servant will 
have to assume, or rather declare, the mission of 
Sundav schools to be the bettering of heart and soul 
conditions over and above mere mind cultivation; the 
instructing in and the exemplifying of the way of 
life, rather than the imparling of information alone. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 

Again we shall have to face the formative state of are tangents to 
the Sunday school as it is to-day, for all workers w.ll 
agree that there is a lack of proper classification or 

In view of the above conditions, which obtain at 
present, the writer believes that in our methods we 
must deviate at times from the commonly accepted 
pedagogv calling for more rigid classification— which 
may be, at limes, burdensome— and follow natural 
laws in keeping with the state of progress-now being 
made by the Sunday school. 

If we were going to confine ourselves to one method, 
to one best method, that one would be the question 
method ; which, in truth, is the superlative one. 

Reason One: The question method has many mer- 
its. Perhaps chief among them is the one of thor- 
oughness. Put a zealous, wide-awake and Bible-read 
leather to interrogating a class with concise, well-di- 
rected questions, and what will happen? Nay, not 
happen, but occur ? For, comprehensive questions and 
systematic thoughts do not happen with the Bible 
student, but occur naturally, as the result of well-di- 
rected efforts. A test of knowledge will occur. Those 
that have a mere superficial knowledge of the question 
cannot answer it, though they may attempt to sat- 
isfy the questioner by saying a few words about it. The 
teacher knows that those alone who know can answer. 
Reason Two: The question method enables the 
teacher to control the order of facts as they are brought 
out. This, evidently, should secure a systematic line 
of thought which is necessary, that we, as learners, 
might get facts into a tangible shape for possession 
and use. The teacher, having control of facts and 
topics, is also given power of introducing any inci- 
dental instruction that he has time for. 

That one might get the best results from the above 
method, he should ask questions that are short and 
clear. Put them in the fewest words possible. By 
doing this you may expect clear and comprehensive 
answers. If you want a loose, pointless answer, ask 
that kind of a question. To elucidate, let us go more 
into detail : Teacher says, " This lesson, being con- ^ 
sidered,.has an author. Who, Bro. A? We can ' 
hardly think of persons without associating with them 
the places where they ' lived, moved, and had their 
being.' Hence, where was the author writing from? 
Why did he write? " Do not accept the answer, " Be- 
cause it was God's will ; " — an answer the writer has 
heard too often — but why in the nature of events it 
became necessary. What other places are connected 
with the lesson? Locate them. Connect other bibli- 
cal events with them, etc. Now come your historical 
questions, and, incidentally, those that relate to prac- 
tical life. 

We have not offered these questions as a set or 
lerfeet series, or to be used at any certain time; only, 
however, to convey the nature and order of questions. 
Your questions and method of conducting reviews 
, or any recitation should be such as to excite interest 
and stir up enthusiasm, which will result in the elicit- 
ing of questions from the pupil. And here, dear teach- 
er, you can see why the duty is yours to master your 
subject, that your appearance might be natural and 
your questions of a logical succession. 

Oh ! let the hearer forbear till the spirit of the writ- 
er cries out for more teachers, for more of the actu- 
al, genuine teachers, more of the realities, those 
that educate : for, dear fellow-workers, do we not know 
that the word " education " is derived from the word 
" ettuco." meaning "to draw out" or "extract"? 
Then let us quit so much pouring in, and educate more, 
that each recitation or review may be the more in- 
teresting and instructive. 

It would be an unheard of method that is superior 
to all others in all points. To secure ease and power 
of expression the topic method excels the question, but 
this phase of mind training does not primarily come 
within the mission of the Sunday school. Yet, to add 
variety and spice to the recitation, the teacher might do 
well to use it at times, especially in intermediate grades 
or classes. 

This paper has thus far dealt with what the writer 
thinks the best way of conducting reviews. Yet there 

subject that we have not con- 
odered. But, that we may not weary, we will move 
on and consider a few devices that may be used by 
the apt teacher. 

Device One: Assign the lessons of the quarter to 
as many members of the class to prepare and handle at 
the coming review. This, however, has the great fault 
of tempting each one to give little attention to the 
lessons of the quarter as a whole while preparing his 
one special lesson. 

Device Two: Assign the dates and places to one 
member of the class ; the connecting links to another ; 
the historical facts to a third section ; practical lessons 
to a fourth, etc., at the discretion of the teacher. 

Device Three : Assign to each one the drawing of 
a map of such a part of the biblical world as will il- 
lustrate the geography of the quarter. This is im- 
portant. Historical events and geographical locations 
are correlative in their nature ; for when you think of 
Jerusalem you naturally think of the Savior's con- 
nection with the place, as well as other events. When 
you recall the name and place of the Ur of the Chal- 
dees, you associate with it Abraham's native land, 
God's call, Abraham's leaving, etc. 

Device Four: As a part of the preparation teach- 
er might assign golden texts for consideration. What 
are they ? Where found ? Wherein do the facts and 
events of each lesson suggest the golden text? 

Many other devices will come to the teacher whose 
mind is of an inventive turn and a lively hope. 

But, fellow-teacher, whatever your device may be, 
it can be nothing more than an auxiliary to the method 
first described in this paper ; and it will fail to be that 
unlass thoughtfully planned and wisely handled. 

In conclusion let me say that for a climax of proc- 
esses, let us make a study of those of the Great 
Teacher, whose teaching acts were models of wise 
human adaption. 
Ludington, Mich. 


Lesson for Jan. 24, 1904. 

Golden Text.— 
eived him not- 

He came unto his own. and his own re- 
-John 1:11. 

Jesus had now been in his public ministry well onto 
a year, but his labors had been confined largely to the 
cities around the sea of Galilee. Now he had been 
preaching and teaching the people of the new king- 
dom, healing the sick of their physical diseases and ac- 
centuating his power and authority by performing 

The fame of his preaching and the wonderful works 
done had, no doubt, ere this reached the ears of the 
people of his own town, and to some extent prepared 
them for the visit he now makes to his old home and 
among his old associates. And the question on the 
lips of the people was, How will he do on his re- 
turn? Will he be as he was before, while at home 
with his parents, or will he do as he did at Caper- 
naum ? 

The narrative says : " And as his custom was, he 
went into the synagogue and stood up for to read." 
While in Jerusalem we attended several services in the 
synagogues, and we were told that their order of 
service was much the same as in the days of Christ. 
One noticeable feature about their service was that 
they all had with them their Hebrew Bibles: boys, 
young men and the hoary-headed fathers. At times 
they would read in unison, then form in little groups, 
read and discuss. Then a leader would read, ex- 
plain and discuss, ask and answer questions. Those 
that had no books were supplied, being shown the 
place of reading. So Jesus came among them in the 
synagogue on the Sabbath morning, and they handed 
to him the book of Isaiah. Being familiar with the 
contents, he opened on the prophecy that, in a very 
special manner, referred to himself. And after read- 
ing the Scripture he gave the book back again to the 

It was a test moment. All were in suspense, won- 
dering what he would say. Would he claim to be this 

prophet himself, as he had done at Galilee ? " And he 
began to say unto them, This day is this scripture 
fulfilled in your ears." This pleased the people and 
we are told they gave him testimony and " wondered 
at the gracious words which proceeded out of his 
mouth." "And is not this Joseph's son?" Their 
expectations were at a fever heat and they expected 
much more even than that which they had heard of 
him at Capernaum and at the other cities round about. 
They supposed that, because he was a citizen of their 
own town, special favors would be granted to them. 
But they were not in a condition to receive what they 
expected. And the Master well said : " No prophet 
is accepted in his own country." And Christ, in the 
proverb given and his reference to the special cases 
of the poor widow and the Syrian leper— both outside 
of the house of Israel— gave them to understand that 
the blessings of the new prophet were not to be con- 
fined to what they claimed to be, the chosen people, 
but to those who felt their need of a Savior and had 
faith enough to accept him as such. When they heard 
these things their disposition towards him suddenly 
changed and they were " filled with wrath." This is 
human nature unsanctified. It was selfishness per- 
sonified. As soon as they were disappointed in their 
selfish expectations their whole attitude towards him 
was "changed. Instead of continuing to hear his 
gracious words, they rose up, with one accord, and 
thrust him out of the city with murder in their hearts, 
intending to crush out his life by casting him over a 
steep precipice. 

What are the lessons to be learned ? Men are ready 
and willing to nod their heads, give amens and shout 
for those who say and do what they expect and want, 
as long as " that is my belief," and their faults are 
plastered over. But as soon as their selfishness and 
sins are touched unfavorably, their good feelings and 
wishes are all gone, and instead of signs of assent they 
shake their head, grin, and are up in arms. This is 
the spirit that the Christ came to remove, and give in- 
stead of love for the truth, right minds and a desire 
to be and do good. The close observing teacher and 
minister have no doubt often noticed some of Stese 
Nazarenes in their assemblies. 

The carnal' mind seeks self-gratification, and is al- 
ways ready to turn a deaf ear to everything else, no 
matter how true or good it may be. 

These Nazarenes, through their selfishness and ig- 
norance, lost a gr-eat opportunity of being blest. They 
turned away from the best man that ever graced their 
city and that, too, at a time when he came to do 
them a great honor and good. Let us all learn that to 
be supremely blest we must lay self aside and open 
our hearts for the good. H. B. B. 


Acts 26:5-26. 

For Week Ending Jan. 23, 1904. 

Paul's Conversion. He tells Agrippa what he was 
when in his natural state.— a self-righteous Pharisee 
(verse 5), an opponent to Jesus (verse 9), but a vision 
of Christ in his holiness caused him to see his sinful- 

■ ness. It was Paul's obedience to the heavenly vision 
that was the pivot upon which the persecutor became 
the pleader with God and men (verse 19). 

. Paul's Work. Being saved through Christ he was next 
sent by Christ to preach the Gospel. He was to ac- 
complish a fivefold purpose in the power of the Holy 
Spirit (verse 18) : 

(1) Revelation. "Open their eyes." 

(2) Repentance. "Turn from darkness to light." 

(3) Release, " FronT the power of Satan unto God." 

(4) Remission. " Receive forgiveness of sin." 

(5) Riches. " A Heavenly Inheritance." 

j. Paul's Perseverance. Verse 22. The apostle tells us 
the secret of his continuance, — he obtained help from 
God for the one specific object, that he might witness 
to and of the things in the Scriptures. 

t- Paul's Courage. Verse 26. The apostle does not hesi- 
tate to tell king Agrippa that he knew what he was 
speaking about, and then begins to put pointed ques- 
tions to him. Courage for the truth is the result of a 
spirit-filled life. Acts 4": 31- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 





"Nothing but leaves "— O Godl forbid 

That, when the Master comes this way 
And looks for fruit, that in its stead 
He finds a worthless, barren tree. 
" Nothing but leaves "— O what a thought 
That life should yield no fruit for God; 
To feci that I have never wrought 

A work deserving ef reward. 
" Nothing but leaves "—it must not be 

That mine should be a wasted life. 
O Father! help me work for thee. 

Until I'm called from earthly strife- 
Help me to bring the garnered sheaves 
Into thy kingdom, pure and bright, 
That I may have both fruit and leaves, 
To be of use in thy pure sight. 

Dayton, Va. ^ . 


worked so hard for has not been given him. How 
can you expect him to do so well next time, if you 
fail to live up to your promise to the boy ? 

Whatever your losses have been, do not keep from 
the boy that which you promised him. which he earned, 
and which is his very own. Father and mother, keep 
your promise to the boy, be it ten cents or ten dol- 
lars, even if you must deprive yourself of some longed- 
for comfort. 

Let him learn that you keep your promise when you 
make it. The boy must meet enough unkept prom- 
ises, falseness, etc., as he goes out in life and mingles 
with the masses ; but may he feel as he grows up and 
leaves the parental roof that father's and mother's 
promises were true and that home was truly a shelter 
from all that was unholy, untrue and impure. May 
he always be able to look back into the home nest 
and say, "Home, sweet home! Though tempests 
rage and billows roll in this life, there is no place in this 
life like my childhood's home, and may heaven be as 
my dear old home without the bodily pain, the worries 
that come to all. the separations and death, and it shall 
more than satisfy me." 
Fostoria, Ohio. 

materials, and the amount received for garments made 
and sold is $23.50. 

The circle donated, from their surplus, new blinds 
to the mission room and gave eighteen garments to the 
poor. Balance on hand at the end of ten months is $5. 

We would be glad to receive tolls of patches, old 
clothes, etc., from those who have no sewing circle in 
their own church. Sisters, can you spare us some 
of those patches, clothes, etc.. which you do not need? 
There are so many who need help. By helping the 
poor we lend to the Lord. 

Nora E. Berkeiui.e, Sec. 



"Johnny, get down from that cupboard immedi- 
ately! Do you hear me? What are you doing there 
anyway ? " 

After this angry speech from a mother I looked up 
to see Johnny, a little boy of ten, who was standing on 
a chair before a cupboard with an empty, baking-pow- 
der box in his hand, at which he was looking discon- 
solately. His lips quivered and tears came into his 
eyes as he said, " O mamma, where is my money I 
was savin' for that new book? I put it. in this box 
and now it's gone. Do you know where it is? " 

" Now, Johnny, I want you to put that box down 

and get off that chair immediately. I used it the 

other day when that peddler was here and I had no 

change, replied the mother. I'll give it back some- 

-Jajne."-- ~- 

But poor Johnny went.out in the woodshed and 
sobbed as if his heart would break. He had missed 
money before, but it failed to come back as had been 

I happened to know just how Johnny had earned 
this money, for I had seen him working early and late 
carrying brush from the orchard and piling it on the 
big brush pile at the back of the lot. His father had 
promised him five cents a row and he hurried to get 
it done so that he could buy the long-coveted book. 
Poor little fellow ! Is there any wonder he was dis- 
appointed at finding his box empty? That was the 
way his rabbit and walnut money went, and now he 
had lost hope and said to me. What's the use of trying 
to save a feller's money? They just take it any way." 
I said nothing to Johnny, but I did say something to 
that mother. 

That money was Johnny's, and she had no more 
right to use it without asking for it than any stranger 
had to come in and take money out of her purse. 

Is there any wonder if Johnny spends his money 
as soon as he gets it, and spends it for foolish things? 
He will sav to himself, " I might as well use it up 
quick, or I'll not get to use it at all." If Johnny grows 
up to be a spendthrift, whose fault is it? 

Again, a bov of different disposition may be af- 
fected differently by such treatment. When he sees 
his monev is gone lie will be determined to have some 
any way^ and may take eggs and sell them when 
mother does not know it. This is wrong, very wrong 
for him to do ; but if it has been done in your home, 
mothers and fathers of the land, look and see if in 
some way you may have spurred on the boy to do this 
by depriving him entirely of a little money he can 
call his own. 

Again, parents will promise a boy money if he will 

■ do a certain work. The boy goes into the work with 

all the energy he possesses and successfully performs 

the work he was expected to do. When the time is 

up and his work is done he expects the money. 

He is put off from time to time and that which he 


A principle is a fundamental truth, a comprehen- 
sive law or doctrine, from which others are derived, or 
on which others are founded. Can we not see in all 
God's creation, in all his plans, the principle of plain- 

We pick up the beautiful little pansy— though rich 
in color, yet it is simple and plain in all its parts. 
Near my home is a little grove of maple trees. In 
the early dawn of the summer day, there come to it 
hundreds of blackbirds. They have often called us 
from our slumber, with their happy songs. They are 
plain in all their habits, food, song, and feathery at- 
tire. God has given them no extraneous ornaments. 
The farmer puts the little grain of corn in the 
ground. It is watered by the gracious showers, fed by 
God's beautiful sunlight, all in a simple, plain way, 
every season the same. 

Is not God's plan of redemption simple and plain 
in all its parts ? Our Savior came into the world from 
a humble home, and, with all his heart of love, was 
plain in his manners and teachings. Who cannot un- 
derstand Matt. 7: 12 or Mark t6; 15? 

And so we see everything around us and for us is 
based upon this principle of plainness, and why should 
we not live-it, in our manners, customs, speech, diet, 
dress and all? Is not the plainest the most beautiful? 
Our church still clings tenaciously to the principle 
of plainness, because we are taught it everywhere,- 
all through God's Word. In the dim distance of one 
hundred years, we can see other denominations fight- 
ing for this principle— because it is God's way, and in 
it there is strength. We are not criticised for advo- 
cating this principle of plainness in diet and dress, but 
for coming so far short of living it. It is very easy 
in this world to spend our money for that is 
not bread, and our labour for that which sat.sfieth not. 
Some one said, " Do you know why those people have 
money for missions? Because they do not spend It 
for extras of dress." Can we afford to spend one dol- 
lar for ribbons and laces, when it might be used to- 
wards saving a lost soul? Let us be careful and 
prayerful, to live this principle of plainness m our 
speech, manners, diet and dress, all for the Master. 

Lanark, III- 

■ ♦ ■ 


Feb. 12. 1903. we organized our sewing circle, with 
Sister Newhouse as president. 

We have had an average attendance of five and held 
twentv-five meetings. 

Forty-five cents and three clothes-pin aprons and 
also some patches were donated. 

Thirtv-three bonnets, nine aprons and three com- 
forters were made and sold. We paid out $13.07 for 


I r is asserted that evil thoughts affect the chemical 
composition of the blood, producing changes that ren- 
der it poisonous lo the system. The effect of a cheer- 
ful, sunny disposition as a help lo health has long been 
recognized. Only of late years has the philosophy of 
the truth been explained. Every wrong thought, 
every discordant thought, every thought of fear, ex- 
erts its depressing effect upon the physical man. 
Hence, the highest form of Christian attainment ab- 
solutely coincides with the latest scientific discoveries 
in relation to the power of thought upon the human 

Right thought must precede a righteous life; a truly 
righteous life implies freedom from diseases which re- 
sult from wrong living. 


Tins closes another year's work of the Sisters' Aid 
Society, of Plaltsburg, and as the new year dawns up- 
on us we trust all may work with renewed zeal, helping 
the destitute and fallen, thereby glorifying our heav- 
enly Father. 

We held fourteen all-day meetings, with an average 
attendance of eight; made ami donated 130 garments, 
47 yards of goods and one comfort, besides patchwork 
and quilting. Our collection was $8.26; average, 
sixty cents. Amount remaining in treasury, $2.44. 

Much of our time was devoted to charity work 
among the sick and needy at home; also I,, the Kan- 
sas City sufferers, for all of which we feel amply re- 
paid. Sudie Hoover. 
Plattsburg, Mo., Jan. ./. 


Our society was organized Aug. 20, 1003, with Sis- 
ter Cora Ryer president and Sister Sue Montz vice- 
president. We meet every second Thursday. Have 
ten members enrolled; have taken in $6.06; paid out 
for material, $4.16- We made two comforts for a 
sister; have one quilt on hand (or sale, made by the 
society. We did one day's sewing for a neighbor, for 
which we received fifty cents but since then we have 
raised to fifteen cents for each person. We sent a box 
to Kansas City sufferers, containing one comfort, 
forty-nine garments arid fifteen pair of stockings. 

Sadye Anker. 

Morrill, Minn.. Dec. .'.;. 


[•he Sisu-rs' Aid Society, of Georgetown, Ohio, was 
organized about a year ago with fifteen active mem- 
bers. The society has engaged in piecing quilts, quilt- 
ing making cushions, bonnets, caps, handkerchiefs, 
sewing carpet rags and making garments. Our meet- 
ings average about twee a month. We have cleared 
S33 30 and spent for benevolent purposes $14. leaving 
in the treasury $19.30. Anna Mote, Sec. - 

Potsdam. Ohio. Jan l. 

In the deepest night of trouble and sorrow God 
gives us so much to be thankful for that we need never 
cease our singing. With all our wisdom and fore- 
sight we can take a lesson in gladness and gratitude 
from the happv bird that sings all night as if the day 
were not long enough to tell its joy -Samuel Taylor 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 





Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 


$1.60 per Annum in advance. 

1). L. Miller, Illinois, 
H. B. Brumbaugh, Pa., 
H. C. Early. Virginia, 

I J. H, Moore, - - Office Editor. 

Grant Maiian, Associate Editor. 

I Jos. AutCK, - Business Manager, 

{3TA11 business and communications intended lor tin 
,ddrcssed to tne Brethren Publishing Mouse, Elgin, 
individual connected with it. 

paper should 
II., and not to 

Entered at the Pos t Office at Elgin, III., a. Second-class Matter. 

Seven were lately added to the church at Spring 
Creek, Pa. 

The Brethren at Morrill, Kans., have just closed a 
revival with five accessions by confession and baptism. 

The address of Bro. Christian Krabill is changed 
from Farmer, Ohio, to Edgcrton. R. F. D. No. 3, same 

Bro. Ezra Flory is engaged in a series of meetings 
at Tadmor, Ohio. Several have put on Christ in 

The Brethren in West Dayton, Ohio, are in the 
midst of a promising revival. Five have applied for 

During a protracted meeting, recently held in the 
Smithfield congregation. Pa,, five applied for mem- 
bership and were baptized. 

The Brethren in Tennessee will hold their minis- 
terial meeting in the Pleasant Hill church, Sullivan 
county, Jan. 29 and 30. A good program has been 
arranged and a large attendance is desired. 

When sending essays to this office writers will 
please say for what paper their communications are 
intended. If for the Messenger, so state on the upper 
left-hand corner. This relates to essays only and not 
correspondence or church news. 

Last week Bro. D. L. Miller gave several Bible 
Land talks in Inglewood, Cal. This week he is en- 
gaged in a series of meetings at the same place, to 
continue eight or ten days. From there he goes to 
Los Angeles to hold revival services. 

It is not often that Bro. Andrew Hutchison has the 
pleasure of hearing some one else preach. But that is 
what he is permitted to do just now at Glendora, Cal. 
Bro. J. Z. Gilbert is engaged in a protracted meeting 
.md Bro. Hutchison is getting a much needed rest. 
He writes that he is greatly enjoying it. 

the chance of securing such a book. The Gish Fund 
is going to come wonderfully near telling who is a 
growing preacher and who is not. The man who does 
not read will not keep himself in touch with the bet- 
ter informed. This is a day of reading, and the preach- 
er must read or loose his influence with the masses, 
week. She had re- \y e are p i ac i n cr good books in reach of our ministers, 
quested our people to pray for her recovery, but the and if tney <] not ma ke good use of the opportunity 
ummons came before the request 

The new church at Pleasant Hill, Ohio, known as 
the Newton church, will be dedicated next Sunday, 
Jan. 17, the services commencing at 10: 30 A. M. 

Sister Lottie Philips, of Brooklyn, New York, 
known to a number of the Messenger readers, passed 
over to her eternal reward last 

could be sent 


In North Dakota the members do not permit a little 
zero weather to keep them home from church. With 
mercury at sixteen degrees below zero, they turn out 
at the evening services and give the minister a re- 
. spectful hearing. Ail over this country are mem- 
bers who might be benefited by a little training in 
that cold section. ■ 

The reading habit among the Brethren is growing. 
So far this winter we have sold more books to our 
patrons than during any previous year of our business. 
Our people are reaching out for books and we take 
pleasure in supplying them. ■ If our catalogue does not 
list the book you want write us and we will endeavor 
to find it for you. • 

A lady recently died in Philadelphia who claimed to 
have descended from David, the sweet singer of Isra- 
el. She bore the name of Lipschnetz and held that 
her ancestors could be traced to the famous Isaac Ab- 
radanel, a Jewish rabbi of the fifteenth century, who 
insisted on tracing his pedigree to King David 
the eyes of God such records are of little value. 

and find themselves falling behind others in the way 
of intelligence and usefulness, they will have no one 
to blame but themselves. The Sunday School Com- 
mentary can be had for the mere cost of the postage 
and packing, sixteen cents, and the preacher among us, 
who wants the book ought to send in his order with- 
out waiting another day. In fact, every preacher in 
the Brethren church should order all the books offered 
by the Gish Fund, study them, and thus be the better 
prepared for his work. 



Bro. I. J. Rosenberger and wife are now in South- 
ern California, where they are to spend the remain- 
der of the winter. Bro. Rosenberger is holding a pro- 
tracted meeting in Lordsburg, and says he may pos- 
sibly engage in another meeting or two while on the 
coast. He finds the climate of California delightful, 
but says Sister Rosenberger does not like the dust, of 
which there is a great abundance this winter. 

Communications from India reach us, saying, 
that all of the missionaries who sailed from New York 
last fall reached their destination in safety, and have 
now settled down to work. They appear to have en- 
joyed the trip and are prepared to enter upon their 
duties with a zeal in keeping with their calling. May 
the Lord bless them along with the others. 

Bro. C. B. Smith, of the Milledgevillc congrega- 
tion, is engaged in a series of meetings at Lanark. 
His meetings are well attended, and his discourses are 
listened to with marked attention. Bro. Smith brings 
with him to the pulpit a preparation, reverence and 
seriousness that tell for good on his intelligent and ap- 
preciative audience. 

During the first centuries of the Christian era there 
was a large and influential body of Christians in Afri- 
ca. There were probably thousands of earnest preach- 
ers, and among them some of the most gifted talkers 
and writers in the world. In later centuries the cause 
waned and Africa became the dark continent. Chris- 
tianity came near being swept from the country. Now 
the tide is returning, and there are said to be nearly 
seven thousand preachers in different parts of the 
continent, nearly half of these being missionaries. In- 
side of another century Africa is likely to become fair- 
ly well civilized and Christianity placed in the ascend- 

The elder of one of the largest congregations in 
the Brotherhood became convinced that it would be 
quite helpful to the cause if all members in his con- 
gregation would read the Messenger. An active 
agent was appointed ; the elder publicly called the at- 
tention of the members a time or two to the impor- 
tance of taking the paper, and now he has the satis- 
faction of knowing that the Messenger is received in 
every family, where there are members, in his con- 
gregation. His people not only read the paper, but 
they read the Bible. They know much about the 
Word of God, and then they know what is going on 
in the Brotherhood. It is a pleasure to work with a 
growing congregation of this make-up. They under- 
stand and appreciate intelligent preaching. In their 
councils they can act intelligently, for they are kept 
fully posted regarding all the movements of the church 
both in the home and foreign fields. What this elder 
has done for his church might be done for most oth- 
ers, and thus aid in developing the members and pre- 
paring them for greater and better work. 


One evening last week there was a well-attended 
members' meeting in Elgin. The business was trans- 
acted pleasantly. The Christian Workers were or- 
ganized with Bro. R. E. Arnold president and Sister 
Ollie Miller vice-president. Steps were taken to en- 
large our Sunday-school work and to otherwise ex- 
tend our influence here in Elgin. 

There are over one thousand of our min- 
isters who have not yet ordered their Sunday School 
Lesson Commentary for 1904. It is a fine, well-bound 
book, practically free to every preacher in the Breth- 
ren church, and we should think that any minister 
who means to keep himself informed would jump at 

'The terrible scene enacted in the Iroquois theater, 
in Chicago, two weeks ago, when over six hundred 
people, mostly women and children, were burned to 
death, has stirred the whole civilized world. Every 
theater in Chicago has been closed awaiting inspec- 
tion, and it is fully decided that no building of the 
kind shall be opened to the public until it shall have 
been made safe in case of fire. There must be all the 
necessary exits, fire escapes and fire extinguishers, as 
well as the needed fire-proof curtains. 

It was learned that nearly every theater in the city 
had been violating the law in not providing for proper 
protection in the event of fire or other accidents. The 
froquois theater was run in utter disregard of the law, 
otherwise not a life would have been sacrificed in the 
breaking out of the fire. Doors that should have been 
kept ready for emergency were closed and the as- 
bestos curtain, separating the stage from the audi- 
ence room, would not work. Men who should have 
been at their posts of duty, ready to act in the event 
of fire, were absent, and thus hundreds of lives had to 
be sacrificed because somebody failed to perform his 

We need not discuss the moral phase of the theater 
question at this time, any more than to say that at best 
the house of mirth is no place for a devout Christian 
man or woman. If the church members would live 
out their profession, none of them would have to face 
death in a place of this kind. As one of our con- 
tributors says, " It is far better to die in a church 
than to have to die in a theater." 

But even to be burned to death in a church would be 
very unfortunate. Since the Chicago disaster hun- 
dreds of churches are being inspected to ascertain if 
they are provided with sufficient means of escape in the 
event of a fire breaking out when large audiences are 
present. While other denominations are inspecting 
their buildings it will be wise for our people to have 
houses of worship examined by a careful committee. 

Fires in a Brethren. 'church do not often occur, but 
should a few people be burned to death we would 
readily understand that the thing had happened just 
once too often. Several weeks ago a fire occurred in 
a Brethren church here in Northern Illinois. It so 
happened that the fire was near the two front exits, 
and had the fire gotten under good headway before be- 
ing discovered, and had there been no other doors, 
there might have been a panic and some loss of life. 
But there were two other doors, and even with the 
fire under good headway, the room could have been 
emptied quickly. 

All over the Brotherhood there are churches not 
well provided with means of escape should a fire break 
out. In some States the law requires that the doors 
shall swing outward instead of inward. This is a 
very important consideration. Then in most houses, 
especially wdiere large congregations assemble, there 
ought to be more than one exit. In these days of fur- 
naces and electricity, when all of the fire is out of 
sight, extra precautions are important. In most parts 
of America and Europe the worldly people are look- 
ing after the safety of the playhouses and public halls. 
Other churches are investigating their places of wor- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904- 


,d the Brethren church in looking after her 
people should not be behind any of them. 


Now and then someone intimates that the Mb- 
se x-ger is not as aggressive as the needs of the 
Brotherhood and the condition of the religious world 
Ind It is also thought that we are not for- 
V d enough about encouraging the different good 
"ovements that are started, nor are we sufficiently 
° iv e in advocating the better policies that are urged 
' non us from time to time by the more advanced th.nk- 
1 among our people. It is believed that as a body 
we might move some faster if the Messenger would 
move forward along certain aggressive lines. 

Dorin g the last twelve months we have received let- 
ters from active and earnest members, embodying what 
is stated in the above paragraph. After thinking the 
matter over we have concluded to take a good look at 
this subject and let our readers have an opportunity 
of considering just what the Messenger has done, and 
where the paper has stood for the last fourth of a cen- 
tury It is generally well understood that in less than 
two decades the Brethren church has undergone a mar- 
velous development. If any one twenty-five years ago 
had predicted such a great transition he would have 
been set down as a visionary. Has it ever occurred 
to those who are opposed, to the present, mild, steady 
policy of the paper that the Messenger has stood 
right in the front of every good movement started, and 
has uniformly thrown its influence on the side of these 
movements? We cannot think of an instance where 
it has neglected its duty regarding such movements. 

On the editorial staff are those whose activities in 
newspaper and church work date back to the period 
when there were few Sunday schools in the Brother- 
hood not one college, no missionary movement, no 
Bible terms, but few protracted meetings, compara- 
tively speaking, no Sunday-school literature, no for- 
eign missions, and of course no ministerial meetings, 
_nn, Sunday-school meetings, no young peoples meet- 
ings and only a few regular prayer meetings. Now 
we have all of these, yea, more, and every ed.tor on 
the staff has stood in their defense from the start. 

Before the Messenger were the Visitor, Christian 
Family Companion, Pilgrim, Primitive Christian jnd 
Brethren at Work, from all of these came the Mes- 
senger, and we are happy to say that these papers, in 
their day, threw their influence on the side of all 
the good movements that have since helped the church 
to reach her present standard'. From the very begin- 
ning the Messenger has favored the cause of educa- 
tion. So far as we know not a straw has been laid 
in the way of our literary growth. As a result we 
have colleges extending from the Atlantic to the Pa- 
cific, and their graduates may be found in nearly every 
congregation, and filling the most responsible por- 
tions in the gift of the Fraternity. Has the Messen- 
ger cut no figure in all this growth? 

Observe what has been done in the Sunday-school 
line. Hardlv a congregation can be found where there 
are not Sunday-school privileges. All over the Broth- 
erhood we have our district Sunday-school meetings, 
and e'ven our Annual Meeting Sunday-school gather- 
ings, a thing not so much as dreamed of fifteen years 

Then consider our missionary progress. The mis- 
sionary sentiment has taken complete possession of the 
whole' church, and every state district is more or less 
interested in helping to spread the Gospel far and 
wide. We have a strong, well-organized and well-en- 
dowed organization at the head of our whole mission- 
ary movement, and bv this organization the Publish- 
ing House is held in trust for the Brotherhood, and 
by the general direction of the same body the Mes- 
senger is published, standing right in the front ranks, 
advocating missions, both home and foreign. There 
has never been an hour when the paper was not a most 
aggressive advocate of mission work of the most ad- 
vanced type. Surely the paper is entitled to its share 
of credit in bringing about this most desirable con- 

Then what might we say of our relation to the 
other good movements among us? Which one of them 
have we not championed? We are known to be the 
friend of all of them, ever ready to do that which 
is calculated to advance their interest. In supporting 
some of the good movements we may not always have 
moved as fast and shown as much enthusiasm as some 
of our earnest readers would like to have seen. But 
we have moved just as fast as our people, as a body, 
could be moved and kept together. With a few vigor- 
ous bounds we could easily have placed the paper far 
in advance of the church, and thus lost our hold on 
the masses and gained nothing in the end. But by 
studying the workings of the different movements and 
at the same time keeping a close eye on the growing 
sentiment of our readers, we have succeeded in keep- 
ing them right abreast of all the good works yet under- 
taken by our people. Are we not entitled to some con- 
sideration for our carefulness and skill in handling 
our people in this manner ? 

But the Messenger is not yet at the end of her use- 
fulness We are watching the movements of the pres- 
ent and future as keenly as we ever studied those of 
the past. The paper is moving right up in the way 
of advocating good works, improved polices and fet- 
ter methods. We are constantly looking ahead. Our 
purpose is to hold our people together in one solid 
body while they grow and develop. We are not cen- 
suring any class on account of their lack of under- 
standing, superstition and things of that sort. We do 
no, believe in that method of developing a rehg.ous 
body We simply remain calm, keep one eye on the 
growth in sentiment and the other on the perfect man 
in Christ Jesus, and then work persistently to bring 
the church up to the required standard. 

And while all this is being done, not one gospel prin- 
ciple has been neglected or even called in question. 
We believe that it is possible to help the Brethren 
church up to a very high Christian standard without 
compromising one gospel principle. We be .eve it -.» 
possible to have the best of schools, the most cultured 
ministry, the most advanced literature, the best known 
hin'ch policy and the most improved methods of doing 
things and carrying on the Lord's work, and at the 
same time remain faithful to every gospel principle 
forth in the written Word. This is what the Mes- 
senger has had in view all along. The paper moves 
forward steadily, but surely. It has "ever been known 
,0 move back. It moves just as fast as healthful and 
1 od working sentiment can be made. We have no 
fhought of changing our course or policy in us ma- 
ter We shall continue in this course until the Mas- 
ter' shall say, "You have done enough, come up 


After the series of editorials on " Principle and 
Methods" by our Office Editor, it is ****** 
believe, that special attention should be called to the 
e essiy and authority of councils or conferences. 
TSe editorials have dealt with condit.ons funda- 
mental in Scripture and things vital in the experiences 
of the Brotherhood at present. The lesson they teach 
is an important lesson to be learned now. 

The necessity of councils lies chiefly m the : niwre 
and condition of New Testament teaching. Th New 
Testament is a collection of moral and sp.r.tua prin- 
ciples, with the most of them in the absence of a di- 
vinely-prescribed form of application. In other 
words, the New Testament holds and teaches a code 
of great principles, leaving the manner of applying 
and carrying them out to those who accept them 
This is tie Lure and condition of New Testament 
teaching It teaches but little concerning the manner 
and method of doing the things taught. For instancy 
the principle of training children m the « and 
admonition of the Lord is taught but no method s 
given. The Gospel is to be preached fo all nat . 
out no method is given. Christians are aught the 
principle of modest dress; but no method o form 
of application is given. And so example after ex 
ample might be given indefinitely. 

This is sufficient to show the need of methods, and 
therefore the necessity of councils. Such principles 
necessarily involve the question of methods. How 
could the church carry on mission work, for instance, 
without agreeing on some method of work ? And how 
could such agreement be reached without, councils ? 
The method of application is a sort of complement to 
the principle taught that it may be operative. This pe- 
culiar condition in New Testament teaching must 
settle, once ami for all. the necessity of councils. 

It would have been an easy task, il is true, for the 
Lord to designate methods of applying and carrying 
out the principles he taught, but he wisely deeded 
otherwise. That was done, to a great extent, under 
the Mosaic dispensation, while the new covenant is 
higher, nobler, and appeals more to our better na- 
ture and gives the widest possible range for growth 
and activities. If Jesus had given the method of 
doing the things taught, methods would have been 
exalted to the plane of principle from the standpoint 
of teaching. It would also have placed in force one 
rule of applying and carrying out New Testament 
teaching for all times, peoples and conditions. As it 
is methods may vary, according to conditions, cli- 
matic, mental and moral, with the consent ..1 the body 
whose duty il is W frame them, due relentless meth- 
od for all time and people would defeat, to a great 
extent, the very end arrived at, This (act also adds 
to the necessity of councils. 

The first great council, under the New leslanu-nl. 
was about eighteen years after Jesus' ascension But 
is not Acts 1 : 15-26 a council ? So thai councils began 
with the beginning of Christianity and have continued 
ever since. They are justified, therefore, in the light 
both of history and the nature of New Testament 

teaching. , ,. ., 

It is to be observed that there is a class of New 
Testament principles, the higher and more spiritual. 
that do not essentially involve the question of meth- 
od. Love, devotion, faith, hope, etc., are mental and 
spiritual states, and they are above and beyond set 
rules of action, devised by men. 

The necessity of councils determine*, in the man., 
their province.' Their chief function is to frame meth- 
ods to guide the church in the uniform application of 
New Testament teaching. And, after the pattern o 
the Jerusalem council, Acs .5. councils may be called 
to determine whether or not this doctrine, or th other 
is -taught in Scripture. In fact, any dispute, either m 
Se or government, rightfully becomes the prop- 
erty of the council for final ad.ustme,,, ,1 tied,* 
putants themselves fail to adjust it. Matt. 18. 5-7 
teaches that any personal disturbance, if nol reconciled 
b^the parties involved and the : help therein com- 
mended becomes the property of the church. It then 
becomes the duty of the church to mvest.gat he 
caseld submit termsof settlement. Such work can 

be done only in council. 

Now, while il is clearly the right and duly of th< 
chL. in her councils, to settle all questumsou^ 

ods, of doctrine and government, let if distinctly 
understood that she has no right ... meddle . 1 «£ 
nrinciples taught in I loly Scripture. These are God 
EvTwith hit sanction and sea, I they are undiange- 
able eternal. When all things perishable shall have 
^d away in wreck and ruin, these » 

gloriously. Our duty toward them is to believe them 

and live them. . 

The authority of councils is seen also in their ne- 

J£. tluseoftheconditu f New Testament 

,g that makes councils necessary, and becat se 
of I condition that councils are intended to main- 
ll in he church body, they must have a measure o 
JXrent authority. ; *^*^-i1 

councils to make his pUn opera- M y and t o£ 

best advantage, and ^ame * ^ 

no authority? Nonsense, in, ^ 

° f 'r'wh^rcl'im'rSTon earth accord- 

- — "* " ^ork^rLrrhen'tt 
Heaven confirms the worK 01 


church is in proper attitude to the truth. The power 
is all in the truth, hut it goes out through the church 
when the church gets in joint with the truth. So it 
is no small matter to ignore or treat the work of 
councils with disrespect. Of course I do not believe 
that human councils are infallible ; but certainly safety 
rests in the united judgment and wisdom of the body 
rather than the individual. 

In conclusion, let the ground-work of this subject 
be studied diligently by our people, and let it be under- 
stood, and much of the restlessness among us as to 
councils and their doings will disappear. H. c. E. 


The wise man, in one of his proverbs, says: " As 
a man thinketh in his heart, so is he." As we study 
this as a truth it becomes startling to us, and we are 
made to ask ourselves, Is this indeed a truth? And 
the more we study it, the more reasonable it appears. 
We may think without acting, but surely we do not 
do much acting without thinking. All of our actions 
are the outward expression of some phases of our 
thought life. But they express a very small part of our 
real life, as a very small part of our time is used in ex- 
pressing our thoughts. And, further, only a part 
of time expresses our thoughts, because we too often 
act one thing and think another. In other words, we 
are playing deception, so that we practically live a dual 
life, the inward and the outward, the inward being the 
true life, whether good or bad, while the outward is 
the apparent one; it is the surface life, which men 
and women appear to be to those with whom they as- 

More or less, we are continually living these two 
lives. In our homes, in our places of business, on 
tbe highways, on the streets, and— would you believe 
it? — we go to church together, we sit in the pew to- 
gether, and while our outward life is seemingly giv- 
ing good attention to what the preacher is saying, our 
inward life is at home, feeding the stock, calculating 
the number of bushels of wheat, oats, barley and corn 
to the acre, the price per bushel and the net gain or, 
in the place of business or of pleasure, commenting on 
the dryness of the sermon, or a hundred other things 
that might be named. Yes, we too often kneel in 
prayer together, and give the inward life half, two- 
thirds, Lord, forgive us, all the time; then open our 
eyes, take our church position and try to make otir 
other self believe that we were at prayer and talking 
with God. 

But as a man thinketh so is he. As far as God 
and our relation to him is concerned, we were exactly 
where and what our thoughts made us. And perhaps 
it would be as well for us for our outward life to be 
where our thought life is, as the body without the 
thought life is only a " dummy " dressed as a sign, 
and the Lord has no use for dummies in his house of 
worship or anywhere else. What the Lord wants is 
a living heart service. 

But as a man thinketh in his heart, so is he. Let 
us, for a moment, get home to ourselves and inquire as 
to what our thoughts are. What are our thoughts in 
our associations with our fellows? In our places of 
work and business? In our homes? On our beds? 
Whatever they arc, so are we. Do we not, all of us, 
in these home-comings, grow in spirit, and say, " Lord, 
have pity on us, for we are of polluted hearts " ? Our 
acting life is bad enough, but our thought life is, I 
fear, very much worse. Too many of us want our 
character measured by the things we do. And per- 
haps it is the best measurement we can get but, as 
good as it may be, it is not the Lord's way of meas- 
uring. He enters the secret chambers of our souls and 
reads our inward heart, our thought life. And be- 
cause of this the Christ said to the Jewish ruler : 
"Ye must be born again." The old thought life 
would not, at all, do for a place in the new kingdom, 
for nothing impure is to be in this kingdom, in its 
consummated form. Hence the necessity of the old 
becoming new ; new in ideals, new in life and purpose. 
The apostle Paul intensifies this thought in his letter 
to the Romans when he tells how this change is to be 
brought about : " Be not conformed to this world, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 

but be ye transformed by the renewing of your minds." 
It is to be a change in the thought life. The mind 
is to be changed, because, " as a man thinketh, so is 
he." If his mind, his thinking, is not changed, he is 
the same man that he was before— no new birth, no 
new life, no transformation. The danger with too 
many of us is that we simply change our clothes, and 
then try to make believe that we are God's children. 
This kind of a transformation is induced because it 
makes church members and is accepted as the sign of 
church loyalty. The thought life and the transformed 
mind are too much relegated to a back seat because 
it requires more effort, more brains and more grace to 
see that the mind has been changed than it does to see 
that a man's clothes have been changed. And yet we 
aTe not sure but what, to the careful observer, the 
mind change is quite as apparent as the other; and 
in our estimate of Christian character it is intensely 
more important. 

We are sometimes wonderfully shocked at the 
thought life of some who carry the form of godliness 
after the strictest manner; their thinking, as thought 
expressed, seems to be almost wholly worldly. Now, 
if such Christians think as they speak and act, what 
must be the conclusion? Can a man after such think- 
ing be a child of God? Is he as he thinks? And, if 
he is not, what is he? Who can answer? That the 
proverb is a true one is admitted by all sane think- 
ers. It cannot be otherwise, because it is unthinkable 
for a man to be anything- else than what his thoughts 
make him. Then, accepting this as a principle and 
universal truth, what should be our standard for test- 
ing religious character and loyalty to the church of 
Christ? There can be but one decision. " As a man 
thinketh in his heart." If he think religiously, he is 
religious. If he thinketh worldly, he is worldly, no 
matter what his profession be, or what may be the 
outward form. 

The Lord looks not on the outward appearance, but 
into the heart. And so it should be in the church of 
Christ. When men and women are wanted to fill 
important positions, the first thought should be, Are 
they honest and God-fearing? Are they zealous and 
loyal to the truth? Have their lives been pure and 
clean? Do they think right in their hearts? These 
are the kind of men and women the Lord wants and 
the church needs. There is a class that are like weath- 
er vanes — ever ready to face with the wind that will 
blow them gain, position and honor. They make 
themselves popular because they are always ready to 
drift with the current, on the popular side, with the 
majority right or wrong. They think, but always 
towards self; and as they think, so they are. 

Almost any boat can make a good run down the 
stream, but it requires a master vessel to force its 
way up against the current. The voyage of God's 
children is not downward, but upward, and he that 
would reach the desired haven must not be afraid of 
opposition majorities, but must stand unflinchingly for 
the right as determined by his own convictions. And 
while his convictions may not always be right, yet it 
is better to be wrong in right belief than to be right 
in wrong belief. H. B. B. 

Chairman E. K. Warren writes : " From my own ex- 
perience of a great anxiety to get into a hole in the 
ground where something three or four thousand years 
old might be picked up, I think this will be fully ap- 
preciated by our delegates." Two dollars will cover 
the side trip necessary to accept this invitation. 


One of the worst things in the community is a lie 
at large. There is no telling how far it may go, nor 
how much damage it may do. But every lie belongs 
to some one, who will be held responsible for the con- 
sequences. The man who starts a lie may never be 
able to stop it. In fact, it may go on until it faces 
him at the judgment. Then lies amount to little with- 
out lie peddlers. There are people who could not be 
induced to tell a lie, but they seem to take delight in 
peddling those told by others. In a locality where 
there are no lie peddlers, lies do little damage. They 
soon die and that is the end of their miscnief. A 
community has more to fear from those who handle 
lies at second-hand than from those who start them. 
The father of a lie may in time be found out and ex- 
posed, much to his discredit. But lie peddlers are dif- 
ficult to trap. In a sense, they may be respectable 
people, and yet deal largely in secondhand lies. They 
hear the lie and then pass it on,, and so the disgraceful 
business continues. .On the other hand, there are 
those who never engage in such sinful work. If a lie 
comes to their ears it stops right then and there. 
They never pass it on. Such people are a blessing to 
the world ; only there are too few of them. 


Dr. E. G. Hirsch thinks that Judaism is too much 
judged by the deeds of the wealthy. He is correct in 
saving that the Jews have never been rich as a peo- 
ple, and it is the rich Jew, not the peasant, who has 
brought discredit upon the children of Israel. While 
there are thousands of the descendants of Israel who~ 
have to struggle hard for a mere living, there are a 
few who grow rich, and we are inclined to judge the 
body by the few who have the faculty of piling up great 
fortunes. The Doctor, like most modern Jews, has 
little confidence in Christianity, and criticises baptism. 
He thinks there is not enough in the rite " to make a 
crooked Jew straight." In this he is correct. It takes 
more than baptism to straighten out either a crooked 
Jew or a crooked Gentile. Unless Christianity does its 
work of regeneration in the heart, baptism is nothing. 
It may be worse than nothing; it is mockery. All 
the apostles were Jews, and Christianity made ex- 
emplary Christian men out of all of them save Judas. 
Like the rest of the apostles, he submitted to the rite 
of baptism, but the saving power of grace never 
reached his heart. - That is why he went to perdition. 
And what was true of him will prove true of all those 
who neglect the inward work of grace. 



Under the above heading the Sunday School Times 
says this of the approaching Sunday-school convention 
at Jerusalem : 

The Jerusalem convention tent will be pitched in 
close proximity to the garden tomb. 

Some of the Christian American people of India are 
hoping to attend the World's Convention at Jerusalem 
in 1904. 

A new highway from Jerusalem to Nablous (ancient 
Shechem) will probably be completed within a few 
months. This will make it possible for delegates to 
visit Jacob's Well, Joseph's Tomb, Ebal, Gerizim, 
Shechem. and Samaria by carriage, — more comfortable 
and much quicker than on horseback. 

The official in charge of the excavations at Gezer 
tone of the very old cities between Joppa and Jeru- 
salem) has invited the delegates to the Jerusalem con- 
vention to visit the excavations and be shown about. 

The late Dr. Trumbull, Editor of the Sunday 
School Times, was a busy man until near the close 
of life. • On his last Monday in this world he wrote 
until within a few minutes of noon, he then laid down 
his pencil and manuscript, crossed over to his bed, and 
within an hour was unconscious. Twenty-four hours 
later he ceased to breathe, and that was the end of 
his earthly life. He always wrote slowly, using the 
utmost care to get everything in his manuscript cor- 
rectly. He detested the writers who " dashed off " the 
matter sent for publication. A writer once handed him 
a manuscript which he said he had " just dashed off." 
Referring to the incident Mr. Trumbull said, " I just 
dashed it off myself — into the waste-basket." Wheth- 
er he lectured or wrote, he read all the books within his 
reach on the subject he wished to treat, and he made 
it a point to understand his subject before giving the 
matter out to the public. He was a man of work 
and books, and vet he found time for the social side of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 


general Missionary and Tract Department 



Illlaoli I B. C. EULV, • Virginia 

D. L- MI"- BR ' Indiana A. B. BARNHABT, Maryland 

!. SA»G»» IoM ZOCI ,„„, 

Address all business to 
Qener»l Missionary and Tract CommltUe. Elgin. 111. 

^77777** ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦'*♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦* 

he next regular meeting of the General Mis- 
sionary and Tract Committee will be held m Elgin. 
tu Aoril 6 1904. Business intended for this meet- 
Jig Xlc I beta the files of the Committee not 
later than March 22. 

.•J.** .J. * *•»••!• ' (•***** 


A writer in World-Wide Missions recently wrote some 
eood things on the above subject. He was writing for 
nis own church, of course, but much of what he says is 
hut as applicable to us as to any people. Serious thought 
should be given the subject, for it is a very important 
! on e But read some of his words: "The imperative duty 
of the church is the evangelization of the world in this 
generation. What is meant by the evangelization of the 
world in this generation? It means to give every per- 
son an adequate opportunity to know Jesus Christ as 
personal Savior and Lord. We do not mean the con- 
version of the world in this generation. We do not im- 
ply a hasty or superficial preaching of the Gospel. We 
do not use the expression as a prophecy. It calls at- 
I tention to what may and ought to be done, not neces- 
sarily to what is actually going to Occur. ... We do 
not ignore the difficulties in the way of making Christ 
! known to the present generation-difficulties physical, 
political, social, intellectual, moral and religious." 

The business of the church is to make the Gospel 
known, to give every one a chance to hear it. As long 
as they do not hear, have no opportunity to learn the 
right way. they are not responsible for their cond.tion 
and manner of life. But the responsibility must rest 
somewhere, and it can only be on those who have the 
light but deliberately withhold it from their unfortunate 
brothers. But when the church makes the truth plain to 
Those who have it not, and uses her best endeavors to 
set them to accept it. then the burden of responsibility 
is transferred from her shoulders to theirs, and in the 
great day of accounts she will be held guiltless, having 
, done what she could to save the world. And when she 
lias done this, she has not done too much-only that 
which was her reasonable service. 

The majority of the members of all the churches will 
agree with the foregoing: they know it is true. Still, 
though it is nineteen centuries since the Savior came, 
more than half the people in the world are worshiping 
idols, gods made with men's hands, and not the Creator 
of heaven and earth. And they are doing so not from 
choice, but because they know of nothing better to wor- 
ship. Where will the Lord place the blame for their ig- 
norance and idolatry? It is a serious question, and it is 
of vital concern to every member of the church. In what 
way have we kept the trust committed to us? Will we 
be called good and faithful or wicked and slothful. 
There will be just the two classes, and every person who 
has had the light will be placed in one or the other. If 
we are not for the Lord-positively, aggressively doing 
his will-we are against him. for he recognizes no third 
or indifferent class. 

Christ's conception of the church is a high one. He 
would have her pure, filled with love for him, doing all 
she can to overthrow that which is hostile to him, for she 
is to be his bride. The great commission given her is 
that of teaching every creature in all nations of the world. 
Some will accept the truth and some will not. For re- 
sults she is not responsible. Her duty is to teach, at 
home, abroad, everywhere, all the time. And the time 
to do this teaching is now, to-day; not next week or 
next month or next year, but just now. If we had the 
spirit and zeal which characterized the church of the apos- 
tolic age the world would be changed within the next 
twenty-five years. Then no man would need to say to 
his neighbor. Know the Lord; for all would know him, 
from the least to the greatest. We need to increase our 
efforts to spread the Gospel; it is the church's imper- 
ative duty to do this. But we as individuals compose the 
church, and whether she performs her duty depends on 
whether we perform ours. May the Father give us a 
greater willingness to do the work which he would have 
us do. 

During the past few weeks brethren McCann, Lichty 
and Emmert have been having their turns at repeated. 
hard attacks of malaria. All are better again at this writ- 
ing The malaria does come, regardless of where we are, 
and it is no respecter Si persons. Its season, however, 
for this year is about over, we will hope. 

Thursday afternoon of last week we started to Bombay, 
arriving there in the evening, to be there a few days be- 
fore the arrival of our missionary party. We found a 
pleasant and comfortable place with Mrs. Briggs. the 
proprietress of the Temperance Hotel, where we have 
been so many times when in the city. Friday we spent 
in shopping and in getting ready for the arrival of the K. 
Rubattino." which was said to be due on Saturday morn- 
ing Saturday morning we were early at the docks to 
meet the good ship, but it had not arrived and had not 
even been signaled. The dock master told us ,t would 
likely be in to catch the eleven o'clock tide and come at 
once to the pier. Eleven o'clock came and we were again 
at the docks. Nothing again had been heard or seen of the 
ship We found Brother and Sister Detwiler, of the 
Mennonite mission, there too, looking for Brother and 
Sister Ressler, who were returning to India and who were 
with our party. On inquiry the officers on the outlook 
said the ship was expected hourly. The time went on 
slowly toward evening and we began to think that we 
were not to see our friends until the following day. But 
at about six o'clock a flag signifying the arrival of some 
ship went up over the ballard pier. Every one was anx- 
ious to know what ship it was and not the least anxious 
were we who had been waiting all the day for some sig- 
nal The tide was beginning to come in, so that there 
was some question as to whether the ship passengers 
would land at the pier or at the docks. As time wen, on 
and as the tide rose higher it became more evident that 
,he ship would land at the docks. We left the pier for 
the dock and soon were informed that the ship coming 
was of a certainty the « R. Rubattino" and hat she 
would anchor in the harbor until the eleven o clock tide 
and then come into dock. We were given leave to go out 
.to the ship. We took a little sail boat and were taken 
quickly over the moonlit water to the side of the ship 
where our friends were. We soon found our party and I 
want to assure the Messenger readers that ,t was a very 
happy moment for us all. For weeks we had looked for- 
ward to this time, and for weeks those coming had looked 
anxiously when they should catch sight the shores o 
India The glad and long-looked-for hour had come. Al 
of us were full of praise and thanksgiving for the pleasant 
and prosperous voyage all along the way 

At eleven o'clock the ship went with the tide into dock 

and by twelve she was safely tied to Victoria number 

ree. Some passengers landed in the evening, but the 

,arge majority remained on board until morning: The 

morning was Sunday. We were sorry to have to do so 

muh in looking after luggage, etc.. bu, there was nothing 

else to do. We were soon through the customs and back 

,o hotel for breakfast, and later to the morning ^service : m 

, h e Bowen Methodist church. In the afternoon at four 

o'clock we met in the temperance rooms of the hotel, 

where our party of eight and those of »^^^ 

stations had together a praise meeting for all the bless 

ng he Lord had bestowed upon us. I. «-«„,- 

aW hour to us-especially to those of us who had not 

me, with so many of our loved ones for a ong time. 

Sund y evening we again attended the Methodist church 

Monday we spent in getting ready to start to the s a ons 

„n country. Tuesday morning we left the city at 7-45- 

A, Dahanu we met Brother and Sister Ebey. Sisters 

£„:£ ' Miller and Arnold stopped at Bator Broth" 

and Sister Blough at Novsari, and Brother and Sister 

I one at Anklesvar. 

By three o'clock in the afternoon each was at his re- 
spective station. At each place the usual native reception 
was given-presenting flowers both in bouquets and gar- 
ands and making speeches. At this writing the new 
miss onaries are already at work a. the language and 
ftey have some idea of the task before them. We are 
lad for all of them. There is plenty of room for all. 
We are g'ad not only for them, bu, for those who have 
made it possible for so many to come. I. IS a great ,n- 
nira.ion to us to have so many come as new reinforce- 
m n, and to know of the many interested in the work 
here May the Lord help us to do the work worthily 
and well that has been committed to our care. May we 
.fill the wish and desire of those who have sen. us. and 
above all may our labor mee, the approval of our Father 

^ThTweek brethren Forney and Stover are attending 
die -Methodist conference a, Baroda. The conference 
takes in the work of this presidency. 

Bro. Veremian is visiting the mission stations along 
the line prior to opening his work in Bombay To-day 
he is at Anklesvar. Over Sunday he will be at Bulsan 
Early in the week he and Brother Stover go to Bombay 
foYok up the interest oMhe medical wither., ^ 

Bulsar, India. Dec. II. 

We want to make a suggestion to all persons or so- 
cieties sending us boxes of clothing, fruit, etc. On the 
outside of the box should be placed a card stating plainly 
from where the box is sent and by whom sent. A letter 
should be sent us at the same time. Should this letter 
contain a statement of the contents of the box so that we 
can identify the box. a card need not be placed on the 
outside Several boxes have come in during the past Iwo 
or three months. In some instances we had no means 
of determining who sent them, and therefore could not 
acknowledge them. In one of the boxes was consider- 
able new material, as calico, cotton, flannel and muslin. 
These are most helpful in our industrial schools There 
was a lot of new underwear, shoes and bed comforters. 
Those who have not vet heard from us. if they will de- 
scribe the contents .if boxes sent so that we can compare 
with our records, we will gladly write them. 

We have been able to help many more this winter 
than last, because the clothing has been sent. One fami- 
ly in which arc three Sunday-school children, has been 
working for us all fall and winter, carrying up fuel. etc. 
In return the children have been warmly clothed. Their 
little twin sisters, just three weeks old, have received a 
complete outfit. The boys are faithful little workers, and 
through God's people-your dear people who read these 
notes-lhe family has been richly blessed. 1 hoe two 
boys are little Christians loo. The family was found 
iust about one year ago in our house-lo-housc visitation.. 
Other bovs and girls have worked for underwear outer- 
wear, overcoats, hats, shoos Women work for clothing 
and bed comforters. It is always better lo furnish work 
for the needy than to treat them as paupers. Exceptions 
to this are the sick, the aged and children H," small to 
work/ However, quite little ones Clin be given some- 
thing to do. Just now a little boy helps arrange the mis- 
sion chairs. Little girls of our sewing schools who can- 
not pay for the garments they moke do various things. 
A needy woman promised to wash lor a sick woman 
while we compensate her with clothing. Some women 
help 115 prepare work for the sewing gob 

One Saturday evening late a gcntlernan called for help. 
He had been thrown "in "I work suddenly and also .109 

several days' wages. He had nothing lor fuel I I 101 

h faniy ovc, Sunday. We took him to the eel or, 
hero he cut a lot of kindling and cleared up our cellar 
nicey We gave him fifty cents. Durinj the following 
weet havdnVno regular work, he c«me every day a sIhu 
lime 10 help us. For this he was given clothing, we 
visited his family and found iheui-his wile and three 

little ones-living in Iwo small basemen ms in the 

'. ■. cTgltc hh.cks away from us. He, now works a 

the homes of the needy. .,,,,, „,, 

We now have fifteen good books l.,war< a e, . ulatlng 

library. These hooks arc given out each Wedna day 

evening (or one or Iwo weeks, lo be read ami i ' " 

, efficient simply We have no use (...• bark numbers of 
kmday-sehoSlquarterlies or for old daily newspapers, 

and boxes sent us should be prepaid. 

5TK»A .'-I thousand dollars and 
Set dealer results in U, v.. U; ;;L|i Howe 

5901 Third Ave, Brooklyn, N. Y, 

<p v v 
m • ■ u~«+a n ( th.- District of Northern Illinois 

SeX^S. Pbac^^rvp* y his moving .0 

t 1„^:'e r no":^areg,adtosay S thcr^e,o,,he 

ices of Brother and S 'V" r ,"n? ''ission The little band 
o7fa!^| f ^^^u' 1 p ^e will' hear this with glad- 

"^r'ptsing thought in two of our **>£>>» 
points is Ihe willingness of , putting tm.r 

' he whcel M 'S ."'"n 5 ,?' no he" mis ion with a minister, it 
to be enabled to fill anotner _mu» h an cvent 

seems there are always »o other call - < (0? We 

We ask. When shall all these^caMs be re^p^ ^^ ^ 

foTh "ha C no, h p°iac!S C us here' as idler, in his vineyard, 
and there always will be work wok ^ 

m^s^drth^re'ofVXie^^orke^s are in a 
healthy and prosperous condition. ^ Hawbecker , Sec . 
Franklin Grove. Ill . Jan |. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1904- 


St. Francis-We met ta ' «**« »£.* JS'Er'S? 
was installed into her office a h P'" ^ jchoo} . 

band in llie ministry. We ,,„„,%.„ Luke Burnett per- 
Bro. Geo. Morns superm en< c nt B ro MK^ prayer meeting Ua '- c c r j ir > lma J s day. and on Satur- 

a "Ob = discourse to u S on Urn pricc , d t an 

day night and Sunday Bro. vvi Francis, Ark., 
attentive congregation.— U. I- Burn., 

Dec - z °' CALIFORNIA". 

Col.on.-We have just enjoyed la '%£&&*>% 

and innch interest was name stcd^ w. ^ ^ yct 

ing good has been tone. ti' ; y A 

we are very gra teful for even s ,. ee | cclc d elder in 

S2S£%f&? the co 8 ycar : 

reelected housekeeper for tile e^mng ^ Forney and I. 

Overhollzer. Covina, Cal.. Jan. 4- 

Egan-On Thanksgiving morning we met at .lie ^ Egan 
church in a Thanksgiving service D" ,19 Brother ana 
Sister D. L. Miller came to us and com ucted . 1 ser es 01 

, tings (Bible talks and sermon,), continuing until Dee 
X The work was exceedingly encouraging On the 

B 2*tt ^Tl^as^prSdfnT^eh ' busing fme 
before the meeting. Sunday-school officers and teachers 
were elected for the coming year. The writer was ctio 

correspondent.-Lucinda Bollinger, Inglewood, Cal., Jan. 

Lordsburg church convened ill council Jan. 4. Decide 1 
10 hold a love feast May 7- Brethren E. T. Reiser and J. 
M Cox were chosen as delegates 10 district meeting. A 
motion was passed to petition district meeting 10 appo.n 
a committee to confer with tile other districts on tnc 
"vest" ,'ide of the Rockies in regard to asking Annual 
Meeting to make a new Annual Meeting district, to be 
known a 'he fourth or western coast district. Series of 
meetings begin Jan. 6, with Bra I J Rosenberger behind 
ll, c desk.— M. Grace Hilemall, Lordsburg, Cal., Jan. 7. 
Grand Valley.— We moved to this valley about a year 
ago and found a congregation of about, sixty members. 
We have learned to love them all. Quite a number of 
members have moved ill during the past year, but no ad- 
ditions by baptism. Our council was held Jan. 2. Nine 
letters were received. The regular officers were c ectcd 
for the present year. The principal Sunday-school offi- 
cers were elected at the council meeting, and thus the re- 
organization the following Sunday did not consume much 
time A large number of our brethren and sisters arc 
settling in and around Fruila, where we hope a strong 
congregation of our people will be founded.— Anna L. 
Bryant, Grand Junction, Colo., Jan. 5. 

Prowers.— Our church met in council Dec. 31. with our 
elder G E. Studebaker, presiding. Bro. C. A. Shank and 
Bro. Homer Ullom were ordained to the eldership, Bro. 
Dickey being present to assist in the work. Our Eld 
Studebaker then asked to be relieved from Ins care of 
presiding which was granted, and brethren Shank and 
Ullom will hereafter have charge of our church. We have 
an interesting praver meeting every Sunday evening be- 
fore preaching. We use the subjects as they come in the 
Messenger. We have also organized a union Sunday 
school and will use the Brethren's literature, with Bro. 
Homer Ullom superintendent and Bro. Clinc assistant— 
Mary Norris, Prowers, Colo., Dec. 31. 
Nampa church met in council Jan. 2. A great deal of 
business was transacted. The Sunday-school officers 
\yere elected for the coming year. Three letters of mem- 
bership were received. Our elder. Bro. Williams, of 
Payette, Idaho, gave us two very interesting sermons on 
Sunday. — Rctta Yant. Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 4. 
Blue Ridge. — Our council fell on the second day of the 
new year, with our elder, Bro. Heitz, present. After the 
granting of two letters and a few items of unfinished 
work we elected officers for church and Sunday-school 
work. Bro. Crist Bamhart was elected trustee for three 
years. Sister Corda Burns was reelected as church clerk, 
and the writer was reelected as Gospel Messenger agent 
and correspondent. Sunday-school officers are Bro. Ru- 
fus Robinson superintendent, brethren Johnnie Burton 
and G W. Hahn assistants. Our Bible service is one of 
interest. After having nine lessons on John 15 we passed 
into the subject of spirit and Holy Spirit. — T. A. Robin- 
son, Mansfield, 111., Jan. 5. 

Cerrogordo. — Bro. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, was here 
the latter part of November and preached several ser- 
mons for us. The children brought their earnings to- 

- tu ^, b \vMch C we"r?:^ C mu>?"njoyed n ny all, n attend^ 

A ,, umber of "iet.e 2' were gran.ed.-Martha E. Lear, 

that could not be paid, as the ; treasury 

Will the congregations that have noty« V 

apportionment for home mission pleas e se no. 1 

and oblige? I take this way to "O™^™^ p, C ase 

£.7 to^h^ter^J. "vT Slick" Usurer, Frankiin 

^ddams^oveVBro Samuel ***■£.«£££ 

City III., commenced meetings in tnc yncisea . h 

Sf'evening of Dec a; and continue. 1 one wee k with 
good attendance and attention— AIDert iviyei 
Grove, III., Jan. 7. , NDIANA . 

course which was wen "=(.civcu. 

visited this congregation ast week* iSToHs She is 

Emmet and Sister Etta Lawson. ""' very favorable 
starts out the begmning of 'W « Superintendent, and 
SFSSkTM .eacherf-J. S. Alld'redge, Anderson, 


^Hartford City.-Wc have just closed a series of meet- 
ings Br Joseph Spitzer delivered twenty-seven m- 
ings. nro. jesif 1 . j , e bec „ encouraged. 

W Chestnut St.. Hartford City, Ind„ Jan. 4. 

Ladoga-Brethren D. C. Campbell and L. T Holsinger 

for the 1 anapolis church. Both of our Sunday schools 
are progressing nicely.-Lulu Goshorn, Ladoga, Ind., 

•'"Metico.-ln Gospel Messenger No , last P^op °f 
ieltmn rXXncr^qSe^ to t£ ndia 
ccnS'as I ^rlne r ^e^do!larS'at r the tinS ¥ se'nt 
the notc.-A. D. Lair, Mexico, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Tavlorsville —A series of mcttngs was held at tile 
1 y 1 ill,; r Geetz Bro W. L. Ross, of Newhope, 
I,°d eame J to our place Del 26, left Jan. 4. He preached 
ensermons" which were well listened to. Our meeting 
was well attended, considering the weather Bro Ross 
came well equipped for his work—John Goetz, Taylors 
ville Ind., Jan. 8. , „ . 

West Goshen— Bro. Geo. D. Zollers, from South Bend, 
Ind came to us Jan. 2 and held eight meetings. One 
dear sister was baptized. Bro. Zollers gave no uncertain 
sound. We enjoyed his plain and simple way of telling 
the old Bible story. More were near the kingdom. The 
Brethren closed a little too soon. There is a secret that 
fomi must lea™ to know, that is, let the Lord eon nine 
the good work as long as it is profitable to do so— J. rl. 
Miller, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 7. 


with much interest. We use tne iw Hampton, 

by the Missionary Visitor— Elsie a. ryie, 
Iowa, R. R. No. 5, Jan. 4- . . w 

Lake Park church met in council Jan. our eWe , W. 
H. Eikenberry, presiding. A call was m^e >° r 
r'fpTeas'aS' SLSSZTT^tt P&, Iowa, 
^Laurens church met in council Jan. 2 It was so cold 

»eSS;gf|o| is ^a heathy condign. 

Sister Reb"""^ Mi ,f er lias also moved into town. 

Jan ' 6 ' KANSAS. 

Independence-Bro. John Sherfy, of Westphalia^ans 

'903- The ch urch here ', °fo* churchliouse free 


^en^ee! U SnL.|T|VgA^-nS 
Independence, Kans., R. F. D. No. 6, Jan. 3- 









Bagley— I am at present engaged in a very interesting 
mfetilig n the town of Bagley, in the bounds of the Coon 
Rive district, where there are a few members, and where 
Bro L D. Bosserman deals out to them the Bread of 
Life I see no reason why the Brethren should not have 
good, prosperous churches all over this goodly land. 1 
lo from here to Adel, Iowa— C. P. Rowland, Bagley, 
Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Cedar church met for council Jan. I. While all were 
not out a goodly number were present for mutual de- 
liberation. The election of new officers for our ever- 
green Sunday school resulted 111 choosing W H. 1 Hood 
superintendent and O. B. Zuck assistant. While the 
management is composed of nearly all new officers, we 
hope that all will lend them their hearty support and en- 
couragement, that the power of the Sunday, school may 
be so directed as lo accomplish much good in our midst. 
This means regular attendance, teachers and pupils on 
lime a deep interest taken by all in Bible study. Uur 
new Quarterlies arc brimful of helpful matter for all who 
arc willing to read and think. May all Sunday schools 
'everywhere take on new life, with increased energy as 
they enter the new year to labor for Christ and the 
church.— John Zuck. Clarence. Iowa, Jan. 4. 

English River— This church has just enjoyed another 
season of Bible work in studying the one great Book. 
While the school was conducted by home talent, we ieel 
that we got many new thoughts and much inspiration to 
do better work for the Master— Peter Brower. South 
English, Iowa, Jan. 4. I 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 2. Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the next six months; Bro. O. 
Ogden superintendent and Sister Maggie Hunt assistant 
Solicitors were appointed for home mission fund. An old 
mission point was reopened to-day at 11 o clock. Ltd. 
A Wolf did the preaching, and O. Ogden filled the ap- 
pointment at the church— D. A. Wolf, Udell, Iowa. Jan. 3. 
Franklin County church convened in council Jan. 2, our 
elder, Win. H. Lichty. presiding. Part of the work done 
was that of electing church and Sunday-school officers. 
Bro J K. Allen was elected Sunday-school supenntend- 

Kansas City—Our quarterly business meeting _ occurred 

sas City, Kans., Jan. 3. 
Maple G-v« churdi met in councyan 2 ^H* 

k^Decid-e-r^n SH. Xpril IX gn^P A. 
M -Laura M. Shuey, Maple Grove, Kans Jan. 5. 

Monitor church met in council Jan. 2. Our elder J. J. 
Voder being absent. Bro. M. J. Mishler presided. Bro. J. 
1 Voder as reelected as elder. One sister was received 
bv letter It was decided to have a love feast May 4, 

eg , ni ng at 4 P. M. Last spring the children were - 
en a dime each to invest for missionary work. .The pro 
reeds of their investments amounted to *43.o 3 . it was 

Murrey. Conway, Kails., Route No. 2, Jan. 4- 

Parsons— On New Year's eve we were favored by liav- 
„J Eld John Sherfey and Eld. W. H. Leaman with us 
Bro Leaman delivered one of his interesting sermons to 
an attentive audience. They were on their way to ^the 
mission board meeting in Monmouth. Kans -Ma Belie 
Murray, 2522 Stevens Ave., Parsons, Kans., Jan. 5- 

Peace Valley— If there is arty one who thinks of chang- 
ing location he may do well by going to! Peace Valley 
Howell Co Mo Only those who are willing to saennce 
meaTs and'ttoe shoufd go. The way I look at th mgs 
tbis is a eood open ng to start a strong churcli. most 
S tl e m£isters R have B left the country, their churches 
stand desolate and the people are hungry for sound doc 
trine We want to go there in the order of the church. 
T at is the way we expect to start the church Do no 
be afraid that you cannot make a living. The : Lord Ms 
always ready to help those who are ready to help 1 them 
selves. Send a self-addressed envelope for further m 
formation to J. J. Wassam, Peace Valley. Mo., or my 
self— A. W. Finfrock, Darlow, Kans., Jan. S- 

Pittsburg— Bro. Salem Beery, of McCunc, gave us two 
nw, me? sting sermons yesterday. Our meetings are 
being held in the Congregational church southwest cor- 
ner of Kansas Avenue and Broadway. We asked for the 
church to hold a protracted meeting in. We will begin a 
protracted meeting Sunday, at II A. M„ Jan. 24. Bro 
Beery will conduct the same. There are now fourteen 
members living here in the city, and our earnest desire 
that our little flock may be increased by wiUing work- 
ers.— J. A. Studebaker, Pittsburg, Kans., 312 W. Kansas 
Ave.. Jan. 4. - 

Ouinter church has been enjoying a sertes of meetings 
for the past two weeks. Preaching was done by elder, 
John Eikenberry, D. A. Crist and T. E. George. Fifteen 
interesting and instructive sermons were preached. 1 hrcc 
came out on the Lord's side and were received into the 
ciiurch by baptism Jan. 3. Eld. D. A. Cnst Performing the 
rite of baptism— H. D. Bowman, Qtimter. Kans., Jan. 4. 

Thanks— I have received many letters of sympathy 
since my dear husband has passed away and is no more 
with us I feel very grateful to those who have tried to 
cheer us on our way. I will take this method to thank 
all for the sympathies to myself and family— Elizabeth 
Vaniman. McPherson, Kans., Jan. 4- 

Vermilion church met in council Jan. 2. We reorgan- 
ized our Sunday school for six months. Ira Frantz was 
reelected superintendent, John Williams assistant, the 
entire corps of officers (except teachers) is under nine- 
teen years of age. A number of our members contem- 
plate "moving to other fields in the spring— J. R. franta. 
Beattie. Kans., Jan. 4. 

Wichita— We have just reorganized our Sunday school 
at this place by reelecting Bro. J. R. Henneks superin- 
tendent and J. D. Hibarger assistant. We have a fan- 
attendance and good interest. We recently sent Jo.SO to 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 


, c, Joe mission. Our birthday collections for mis- 
•. e ,„ very encouraging.— Susie Jacques, 1708 Wall 
K S Wichita, Kans.. Jan. 6. 

u,.m»»il-We have seen some very pleasing results 
, " B fhl Missionary Visitor. I report three that have 
""?.,, with the church to whom we have been sending 
united wun "« , sending their children 

,h %Sy schooTthat dfd no. before. Bro. Frank Elliott, 
'4 wrote you one year ago or more and wanted to know 
"w vou were sending him the Messenger for, is now in 
f",™! H. is one of the largest if not the largest 
* e 0C er"merchant in the citJ.-W. S. Reichard, Hagers- 
town, Md.. Jan. .. MICH1QAN 

Berrien church met in annual council Jan. 2 Eld. R. J. 

ci eToresided. All business was disposed of pleasantly. 

Q idav School continues through the winter. Sister Shrevc 

1 S S Sister Jane Weaver superintendents We hope soon 

i',', hold a seHes of Shreve, Buchanan, 

Nl rhinoe'wa Creek.— Wc met in council to-day. We ap- 

S "solictor for the Gospel Messenger and other 

Keiren publications; the writer was appointed as corrc- 

I nonlina secretary. We mourn the loss of one ot our 

voing members, vvho departed this life Dec. 4. r 9 o 3 .-W. 

Vlehnzen, Rodney, Mich., Dec. 26. 

Halt— Jan. 3 a few of the brethren and sisters met at 

, ll of Bro J. K. Zook, who is sick and requested 

*Ve noin ed. Bro. A. S. Tyson, assisted by Bro. J C 

I r?ood officiated. Bro. Zook was anointed a few years 

I lid recovered from his sickness. He was very much 

I comforted on this occasion.-Harvey Good, Gait, Mich., 

I ^Lakeview.— At our last council in December it was de- 
cided to continue our Sunday school all winter. We or- 
.eainzed by electing D. A. Eby superintendent and Sister 
I 111 "a Ulrey assistant. Last Sunday at our regular meet- 
1 nag a young man came out on the Lord's side and received 
baptism— D. C. Cripe, Brethren, Mich., Jan. 6. 
Middleton.— Socially and spiritually in numbers and in- 
. Jration, the local Sunday-school meeting held in he 
Sti church Dec. 20 was a success. It seemed that 
•ill were interested and not a tew took an earnest, active 
I oart in the discussions. The Crystal school was well rep- 
resented, as well as the adjoining school. We were much 
[encouraged by their help and interest. We expect our 
Verie of meetings to commence Jan. .7. We reorganized 
■our Sunday school for the nest six months, with Bro. 
I Robert McMillen superintendent. Our school is in excel- 
lent working condition.-J. W. Chambers, Middleton, 
I Mich., Jan. 3. 


n a 

; the 
■ 4- 
>d to 

; was 

a fair 
'.50 to 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 2. -Officers were 
elected for the year. We also reorganized our Sunday 
school Bro. J. A. Lapp was reelected superintendent 
and E W Bailey assistant. We decided to have a love 
feast some time in the spring. We had services on both 
Thanksgiving and Christmas. The various missions haye 
' en =Sffembered. Our Sunday school is increasing in 
interest and attendance, and our church m good working 
order.— Eva Bailey, Cherry Box, Mo., R. F. D., Jan. 4- 

Prairie View.— We convened in council Jan. 2 While 
the attendance was small, there was considerable business 
disposed of. We elected church officers for ensuing year, 
also organized Sunday school, with Bro R. H. Lmgle su- 
perintendent, the writer assistant. Will ha*e Sunday 
school twelve months and use Brethren s literature.— H. 
L. Holsopple, Versailles, Mo., Jan. 4. 

Weaubleau.— Bro. T. J. Simmons came to our place and 
held eleven meetings three miles west of Wheatland in 
the Mennonite church. This is the second meeting at 
this place The people are anxious for regular meetings 
here. We think there might be great good done with the 
proper effort. Bro. Simmons will come and hold the 
meeting the fourth Sunday until we can hear from the 
mission board. We live close to the district line of the 
middle and southern districts. Our membership is in the 
middle, but we live in the southern district.— John 1. 
Forehand, Weaubleau, Mo., Jan. 4. 
Afton church met in council Jan. 2. One was restored 
to fellowship. The Sunday school was recently reorgan- 
ized, with Bro. Mishler superintendent. After the serv- 
ices last evening $5-15 was raised for the Sunday-school 
llibrary At present there arc forty-three books in the 
Jibrary.— Anna M. Snell, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 4. 
. Beatrice church met in council Dec. 30. Brethren A. 
ID. Sollenberger and Peter Eisenbise were present. Bro. 
Ij. S. Mohler officiated. He was retained to serve the 
Tchurch another year. In the election of Sunday-school 
officers and teachers the only changes from the old were 
distant superintendent and one teacher. — E. J. Kessler, 
Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. 2. 

I Dorchester.— We had the privilege of worshiping with 
the brethren and sisters at their church in Lincoln last 
TSunday, which we enjoyed very much. We presented 
Jour letter, as Lincoln is the nearest church. At one time 
there was a nourishing church here at Dorchester, but 
(lot a member lives here now.— Leonora Yates. Dorches- 
ter, Nebr., Jan. 2. 

North Beatrice church met in council at the Prairie 
A'icw schoolhouse Jan. 2. Elders J. S. Mohler and A. D. 
pollenbcrger were present, Bro. Mohler presiding. Two 
Beacons were elected, the lot falling on brethren J. A. 
>'etzlcy and J. C. Groff. We are laboring under difficul- 
ties just at present, but are hoping for help soon. While 
ive are without a minister, we still have a good interest 
Pt Sundav school, church services, young people's meet- 
Bug and prayer meeting. We number more than thirty- 
live now and still have services in a small schoolhouse 
Put expect to have a churchhouse in the spring.— Sadie N 

doff. Firth WKt- Tan , 

Rock Lake.— The Twin Hill Sunday school elected their 
officers for the next six months. U. T. Forney was re- 
elected superintendent, lames H. Barnhart assistant. 1 he 
average attendance for 1903 was fifty-nine; average collec- 
tion forty-two cents. We have seven classes for 1904. 
All use Brethren supplies.— U. T. Forney, Hylaud, N. 
Dak., Dec. 29. 

Black Swamp.— We met Dec. 27 and reorganized our 
Sunday school for the coming year. Bro. Thomas Crago 
and Bro. George Garner were elected superintendents. 
We also had preaching on Sunday evening by our home 
ministers.— Catharine Garner, Moline, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Lower Miami.— Our series of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. P. H. Beery, of Covington, Ohio, closed Jan. 3. He 
preached twenty-seven earnest sermons. — J. O. Garst, R. 
R. No. 6, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Middle District.— We arc in the midst of a glorious 
meeting conducted bv Bro. Ezra Flory, of West Milton, 
Ohio. Fathers and mothers have been made to rejoice 
10 see their children coming home to God. Four have 
accepted Jesus and were buried with him by baptism.— D. 
P. Sollenberger. Middle District, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Notice.— To all the brethren and sisters of the Southern 
District of Ohio, especially those who gave pledges for the 
Brethren's Home of Greenville, Ohio, at the district meet 
ing of 1901, that have not paid yet: They were all due Jan. 
1 1904 and there is quite a number that have not paid yet. 
Please' note -this notice and send in your pledges as soon 
as possible, as the money is needed. I still get letters of 
inquiry where to send the money for the home All 
money intended for the home, from all sources, must be 
sent to A. B. Miller, Sec. Eldorado, Ohio.— Jan. S. 

Upper Twin.— Eld. W. R. Deeter, of Milford, Ind.. 
commenced a meeting in the Wheatville house Dec 13 
and continued three weeks. One dear sister was added to 
the church by baptism, and the church was much strength- 
ened Twenty have been added to the church during the 
year.— Lulu Deaton Dillon, West Alexandria, Ohio, Jan. 4- 
Wooster.— Bro. Edward Loomis came to us Dec. 12 
and continued till Dec. 21. The meetings were sma I be- 
cause of cold weather and scarlet fever in the neighbor- 
hood. Our meetings and Sunday school have been very 
small this winter. Our superintendent has not been able 
to be at the services for a good while, but he is getting 
better— Maria Runkle, Weilersville, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Washita church met in council Jan. 2. All business 
passed off pleasantly. Our elder, Bro. A. L. Boyd, was 
the only minister present. We reorganized one Sunday 
school; Bro. I. S. Markey superintendent, Bro. D. L. Bru- 
baker assistant.— Mrs. Emma Wiltfong, Cordell, Okla., 


Their report was accepted and the committee made per- 
manent. Another deacon and his wife, from Indiana, 
have recently been added to the church by letter.— Mary 
E. Martin, 2249 N. Sydenham St.. Philadelphia, Pa.. Jan. 5. 
Pittsburg church nut in council Dee. 17. Our elder, S. 
S, Blough, presided. Bro. Samuel Workman was elected 
clerk and Bro. A. O. Homer corresponding secretary, 
our last report one certificate of membership "' 

-K k " "J lldVC a SUU1S1 

. Firth. Nebr.. Jan. 4. 


Hebron church met on New Year's eve, it being the 

Ivenmg for members' meeting. We elected officers for 

r Sunday school for the ensuing year; Bro. F. At. Dunn 

'Penntendent, Bro. H. O. McCann assistant. The Heb- 

Pn Sunday school sends $10.21 to the home mission fund. 

|~c. C. Barnard, Carrington, N. Dak.. Jan. 4. 

Big Swatara.— Our scries of meetings, which was in 
progress two weeks in East Hanover house, closed Jan. 3. 
Bro I evi S. Mohler, of Dillsburg, Pa., conducted the 
meetings and preached seventeen interesting sermons 
Four precious souls came out on the Lords side Jan. 23 
we have the promise of Bro. Henry Ztlg, of Masterson- 
ville Pa., to begin a series of meetings in Hanoyerdale 
house, and one week later Bro. Jacob Longenecker of 
Palmyra, Pa., will assist in the work. At this writing 
Bro G. N. Falkenstein, of Elizabethtown, Pa., is preach- 
ing for us in the Hornerstown house.— A. M. Kuhns, 
Union Deposit, Pa.. Jan. 5. 

Black Rock.— Eld. Geo. K. Sappington, from the Bca- 
vcrdam congregation, Md.. came to us and preached for 
us at the Black Rock house, beginning Dec 19 and con- 
tinuing until Dec. 27, and at the Beaver Creek house from 
Dec 28 to Jan. 3. We had good meetings and good at- 
tendance.— E. S. Miller, Black Rock. Pa., Jan. 4. 

Claar— Our council convened to-day. Ministers pres- 
ent were Bro. A. I. Claar and Jacob C Chit, assisted I by 
Bro James A. Sell, of Leamersville, Blair Co., Pa. The 
church found everything in a flourishing condition. The 
treasurer made a good report, as did also the treasurer of 
the Reading Circle and Sunday school. Bro. H. A Stahl 
will hold a series of meetings for us in the near future.— 
M M. Claar, Claar, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Johnstown.— Dec. 31 we met in the Walnut Grove meet- 
inghouse of the Johnstown congregation in council. Eld. 
Jacob Holsopple. of the Shade congregation, and W. L. 
Spidle of the Aughwick congregation, were with us, tile 
latter holding a series of meetings in the Giffin meeting- 
house. The following church officers were elected: James 
W Fyock clerk, the writer corresponding clerk sisters 
Amanda Becchly, Jennie Beam. Annie Kepler, Ella Pear- 
son and Bro. Jacob Fyock solicitors. As the basemen 
of the Walnut Grove meetinghouse was never finished, it 
being the house where we held our love feast, there was 
a committee appointed to have it finished and so arranged 
that it can be used for Sunday-school purposes, and also 
as dining room for special occasions. The same com- 
mittee is also to arrange to have belter facilities for the 
preparing of the food, as the district meeting of Western 
Pennsylvania will be here. The same committee are sup- 
posed to sec that the people arc fed and cared for— L. K. 
Brallier, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Lewistown.— The quarterly council was held 111 the Dry- 
vallev house Dec. 26. A council was appointed for heb. 
,0 to attend to special work. The Lewistown Sunday 
school elected officers for the coming year Jam 3, Dec. 
27 we held Christmas exercises for the children and treat- 
ed the school— Rhoda A. Yeatter. Lewistown, Pa., Jan. 4. 
Lost Creek church met in council Jan I, our elder, Bro. 
Andrew Bashore. presiding. Part of the work done was 
that of electing church and Sunday-school officers. Bro. 
John Carney was elected Sunday-school superintendent, 
vvith Bro Isaac Benner assistant. Two letters were 
granted.— J. B. Frey, East Salem. Pa„ Jan. 2. 

Philadelphia (First Brethren Church).-Our Sunday 
evening service closed with baptism. The quarterly coun- 
cil meeting was held last evening, our pastor presiding. 
The report from our church treasurer proved the weekly 
envelope system to be a success, the amount far exceed- 
ing that when the monthly system was used, The com- 
mittee appointed to solicit funds fo, "the Baltimore mce - 
urghouse reported $ 5 ..?S received. The ™f™£ 
tee for enlarging the church was ready with a report, also 
several drawi/gs from the architect were presented. 

Since eiir last report one ceriineaie 01 inciiiuci snip woo 
e.r.inlcd and one sister called away by death.— Cyrus B. 
Replogle, 7307 Seltoyer Ave, Swissvale, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Quemahoning. — Thanksgiving services were held at 
Pine Grove, Sipesville and Hooversvillc. Christmas serv- 
ices in connection with a Sunday-school treat were held 
•11 Maple Spring. They also organized their Sunday 
school and held their fir-i session Jan. 3. During the 
nasi year wc elected four deacons, btull one meeting- 
house, held three love leasts, .u-tained a mission in Bos- 
well eight months, fenced the church cemetery at Maple 
Spring and erected a hue ot storm sheds at Sipesville, 
along with our regular church work. We received nine- 
teen by letter nine by baptism and restored one. Death 
claimed sis of our members, twenty-five letters were giv- 
en and several had to be disowned for unfaithfulness. So 
ii happens that our membership is smaller at the end of 

the vein than at the beginning. There are, however, a 
number living in our district whose letters have not yet 
been received.— J. I'.. Blotlgll; SlaiKons Mill, Pa., Jan. 5- 

Raven Run church met in council Jan. 2. Our elder. S. 
1 Brumbaugh, presided, We decided to change our 
prayer meeting into a Christian Workers meeting. 1 he 
writer was chosen president. Eld. David Stayer was 
called to our assistance 10 ell-el Ivvo deacons. Eld. Stayer 

conducted the election. Brethren Philip Ritchey and 
Thomas Lear were the choice. Bro. Lear not being 
present they were not installed, Bro. Slayer preached a 
very interesting and instructive sermon on Sunday morn- 
ing Wc reorganized our Sunday school Dec. 27 by re- 
electing Bro. Frederic Hoover superintendent and Bro. 
I'l,, I, ,i Richards ;os,s,:,„i D. 1'. Hoover, Saxton, Pa., 
Jan. 4. 

Smithfield.-Bro. J, J. Slnilfer came among us Dec. 27 
and labored till Jan. 3. The meetings resulted in the .id 
dilion of live precious souls by baptism. We led that 
his work has been a greal help to the cause here— 
Margaret C. Wincland, Marlinsburg, I'll,, Jan. 5. 

Springvillc. -Wc met in council Jan. 4, Eld. John Hen. 
from Mycrstown, presiding. A scries of meetings is to 
be held at the Mojllei house, to begin Jan. 13, by Bro, 
[acob Pfaitlz, One was received by letter ami;;",'' i 

granted. Sunday school ol '- were elected, Eld. Israel 

Weiiger overseer, Bro. folm Si ssci ,1 initciulcni, 

Bro. Aaron l(. Gibbcl assistant. A collection was taken 
for the Iliirnsluirg meetinghouse. Since lasl report two 
have been baptized.— Aaron R. Gibbcl, Ephrata, Pa„ R. 
F. D. No. 1. Jan. 5 

Upper Conawago.— Bro. S. S. Heaver, from McAlisler- 
ville Fa commenced a series of meetings at the Lattmore 

house Dee 19 and closed Jan. 3. He preached seventeen 

sermons to a very attentive congregation. Due precious 

soul ,;„„'• out on the Lord's side. J. M Kallcnslirrgc, , 

R, F. D. No. 1, York Springs, Pa., Jan. 9. 
Linville Qreek church met tor council Dee 2(1 Finan- 
cial account reported will, other business and satisfactori- 
ly considered u,d deposed of. Bro. S. IJ. /igler, a inin 
Ster in second degree, presented l„s letter with Ins Wlfes 

for membership m this congregation. Ii was gladly ae 

cepled. The Sunday school al th.S place closed Dec. 27, 
,0 open again Willi second quarter of 1904 twenty dol- 

ars and fifty ecus in ueasury; sixteen dollars to pay foi 
support of an India orphan; bah I to Brooklyn, New 

York mission. Michael /igler, Broadway, V:.., Jan. 4, 

Manassas. -Jan. 2 we met in council. The regular offi- 
cers were elected for the year. We reorganized our Sun 
d,v scli. d electing J, J. Ci ci and V C. Harley superin- 

ende. V ur Chli sli.,.1 Workers meeting is progressing 

very n city We have procured .he programs pul out by 
ihe Publishing House E I Blough, Manassas, Va„ 

Jl Topeco church met in council Jan ■• Oil. elder Har- 
vey Weddle, presided' We reelected church me er..^ Bro. 
AT Harman was chosen a, trustee mslcid ,1 I to. >• 
VV HyltOtl, deceased. We received 0,0 I ..pllsm 

Lala V. Hylton, Topcco, Va„ Jan, 4. 


North Yakima. -We met 111 council Jan. 2, Bro. Geo. 
Wise oresiding Preparal I ensuing year nc- 

ce s ta ed he election ol lew crs lot the church, 

Sinl , hv chool and Christian Workers association. Bro. 
Robert Wise was chosen superintendenl of the Sunday 
1 , :1 ,i Bro. Waller Ncad president Of the Christ, a. 

W.rkr, a nation, .he writer church correspondent 

Dunng .he la, 1 year eight letters were granted, four of 
wl ic wc e or Bro J. U. G. Stiverson and family . Sev- 

en were rcceiv. v letter and one by hapiism.-Sarena 

V Faw, North Yakima. Wash., Jan. A- 

ur,,.,. I..- 2» I'oo olied Ilamslead came and 
"ached' Dc, d JJL \\^% S 

were strengthened for the further duties of hie. J. M. 

Wells, Kalamazoo. W Va., Jan. 4. 

Morgantown.- I'.ro David J. Miller, of Overfull, W. Va 
came to this place Dei -M and preached rune soul-cheer- 

There ire but few members in this place. Bro. lyiiucr 

ca a8 , so ""v"° c; ,,. r Siimc- Gut ire for Guthrie and 
Si n sfer f<) Sa,! IC Thomar,of Moulin Grove-James M. 
Thomas. Clifton Mills, W. Va., Jan. 6. 


IJ^Z^nl:^- Bro. M.S. Newcomer is 
'"n'T I'wen, to Bcllefon.aine, Ohio. and from there 

^rL;;^:rL^-,heca, t .he t rch f or 

my W r h e'L to the "- of Goshen"! saw. he people, 
their sleighs and sleds. 
Goshen, lnd., Jan. 4- 


, .rf, mv home on the morning of Dec. .2 to hunt up 
. ew brXen in Peace Va.iey. Bro. J. J. Wassam - 

Wassam and H.Hcry have both purchased farms and are 

M\ C 1 was there, and one thought of purchasing. The 
V loi Tor S a' Curd, in Peace Valley is good and the, 
n„„ht to have one in the near future, as they have two 
poachers -here now. 1 preached one week with a fa.r 
attendance considering the dark nights. 
■ This valley U a beautiful place, with a mild and hea thy 
climate As ye. we have had but little cold weather 
" ermomaer having been no lower than ten abov 
zero and this afternoon it is slandmg at sixty-four. The 
people are friendly toward the Brethren and 1 do not see 
why our People should no, come and possess th.s country. 

Land is cU and brethren with small means «Ud work 

themselves into homes. 
Cabool, Mo., Dec. 31. 

and reliable Bible encyclopedia <%£${*& *^5S 
student all needed information, right up tc a . ^ 

so much unnecessary reading T his and Encyc , 

have found in the Popular and Ulna ^ th( , B 

pedia. The work contains abo« ev ry J- , d ,a 

ble student would think o >J°° K ' n f d , hat th e different 
and each and every part ,s s ° " r ™ n | nd [ ou „d with little 
subjects treated may be turned to '™ ,. b , t to 
effort. The different * [ * ' X ' •» '»s1 of the 
the extent of making ""^^'"fhat the reader can 
leading subjects are s o ^divided t intere ,. ti to 

readily find 1 he part that may De V Abraham is subdi- 
him. To illustrate: The history o h d . 

vided into twenty-eight scc'io'is, ca ^^ 

ed in black type, so tha t the re.or» a g q{ 

the sect on desired. I his is true 01 u 

ion and hundreds of »*« •ubjwt s T he wo rkj 
illustrated, contains lumber ot n 1- know of 

very helpful tables Taking it as a v ^ and dQes 

^^"Surf^S^"^ and yet com - 

mendably conservative. 

Christian Cynosure 22, West Madison ,St Chicago,^ 
monthly publication «««*« to ■ of , 

rot, 1 s'end ra ten r «nts L "o S .h P e er p ubl!sbers P and have them send 
you a sample copy or two 

Frank Leslie's ****-«-£&& J re Xg Vhe"^ 
(u , of most !""«.«'»« »* o ™ , ™ c c r n. I. K -id that 
per on pills first arrestee oui he one clty 

.ills and civilization go tog f^™£%J?ilt& varieties 
of Detroit, Michigan about ««"'«' », made in th at 

of pills are ^f ' ere s r™8 on > ' hr " d '^ b " dS ' h 
city in one year were strung ; on enough 

string would reach twice |»™™ d " \f A = et th is is only 

left to tic a res pec yblebow knot A y fc be 

about one-sixth of the p lis ac tually m ao dw 

seen that this is a world of p 11 «""?• anQ 

what we would all do without the pill. 

lived i 
born t 
Iher de 
oi wi- 
ne ml 


of he 

i iv o 

r rf Health Battle Creek, Michigan. Published 
Good Jrteaitn, Davnc 'ph e ourna is de- 

monthly. Price, $1-00 per annum. 1 tie jc, 
voted to the common-sense methods otlieatn b ^ 

excellent suggestions regarding phys iical cu ™ fcat ; on as 
J. H. Kellogg as editor. I is )" sue, P ^ 

should be in the hands of '''"Vh. December issue con- 
ma.tcr of right living a study. The December 

r&^J^SS&to' sl-uld be read by 
all the women in the country. 

'■ Wb.t tWor. God jolr,.d 1.1 »ot man pat »sv°d.r. ' 


I have been much interested in the different articles 
that have appeared in the Messenger from time to time 
under the above beading, but I am not ready to advise its 
use in the public service. While there are some good fea- 
tures about the above translation, there are also some that 

"now just a few Quotations about the crucifixion. Mark 
,«. i " As soon as it was daylight, the chief priests after 
holding a consultation with the councilors and rabbis- 
that is to say, the whole high council-put Jesus m 
chains, and took him away, and handed him over to Pi- 

1 John iS: 28. " From Caiaphas they took Jesus to the 
government house. It was early in the morning." Here 
we have Jesus taken to Pilate at about daylight on the 
preparation day, namely the fourteenth of the first month 
Mark 15-24, 25, "Then they crucified him, and divided 
his clothes among them, casting lots for them to settle 
what each should take. It was nine o'clock 111 the morn- 
ing when they crucified him." Mark 15:33 and Matt. 27: 
45, " After midday a darkness came over all the country, 
lasting till three in the afternoon." Here we have Jesus 
nailed to the cross at nine A. M. and dying on the cross 
at three P. M., and all the above quotations agree with the 
King James version, and all other versions as far as I 
have examined. Now read John 19:14, 15: "It was the 
passovcr preparation day, and it was about noon. Then 
he said to the Jews: Look here is your King! They, 
however, shouted: Kill himl kill him! crucify him! " Now 
this passage does not agree with the others quoted from 
the Twentieth Century translation; neither docs it agree 
with any other translation that I have examined. The 
infidel falsely charges the Bible with contradicting itself, 
but from the above he can truthfully charge the Twentieth 
Century Testament with contradicting itself. We can 
well heed the advice of the apostle Paul, "Prove all 
things, hold fast that which is good." 

J. U. G. Stiverson. 
Weiser, Idaho. 

SHAEFFER-WHITE. At the b-^oMta ^ride 
'"ef'No'ra B. White, both of near Epb»ttJrV ^ 

.... FALLEN • ASLEEP ••• 

•• Blemed ate the dead which die In the l°'°- " 

„.,» H.U. o< CMldr.. Una- Kv. V— >* P.UM*. 


The Popular and Critical Bible Encyclopedia.— The 
[oward and Leverence Co., 173-175 Fifth Ave.. Chicago, 

. 1 i- 1 t>i i .■..!..,..... c-\M nnlv hv enhcrrm- 

everence i_o., 173-175 Fifth Ave., Chicago, 
hers. Three large volumes, sold only by subscrip- 
tion. For years we have been looking for a convenient 


RFAL Sister Anna, daughter of Bro. William and Sis- 
t er B Catharin S e Beal, died in the Meyersdale congregaUon, 
p, bet 12 loot, aged 30 years, 4 months and 5 aays. 
She was afflicted for upwards of twenty years with spasms 
" ,, suffered much. She came to the church 

when t,u it" young and was a faithful and worthy member 
SI e s rvived by father and mother, two brothers and 
fwo sisters. Buried in Union cemetery. Serv'ces^by 
the writer. * ., ,. , 

BONNER. David Johnson, of Hagerstown, Md. d ed 
l-,n 11004 aged 76 years. He was a member of the 
li'age sto^t clfureh 7 , Md., having been baptized about 
three years back. He was an old veteran of the late war 
and when he enlisted under the blood-stained banner of 
Prince Emmanuel be rejoiced in the fact that he had a 
Leader that had never been repulsed. He leaves an af- 
g|| wife. Services a, his home In to. /&&£■ 

"'BRIGHT Katie B., wife 'of Henry Bright, died near 
Arcadia lnd. Jan. 2, 1904. of consumption aged 30 years 
1 , ,on lis and 2 days She leaves a husband a son and 
"daughter. She was a member of the Methodist church 
Services in the Arcadia church, conducted by Bro James 
Hill, assisted by the Methodist minister, from sj™^*- 

' BRUBAKER. Sister Sarah, died Dec. "5. 1903, at the 
home of her son-in-law, Mr. Peter Landis, at Land is Val- 
cv Pa aged 79 years. She was a consistent sister for 
about till fy-five : years. Her husband. Bro. Martin Bru- 
baker pree-eded her to his long home two years ago. 
Only 'this one daughter. Mrs. Landis. remains to mourn 
her loss Services by our home brethren at Longeneck- 
er's meetinghouse and burial in the adjoining cemetery. 

CLINE, Bro. Jacob A., died Dec. 20, 1903. at his home 
,„ L.nville congregation. Rockingham Co., Vl, of chron- 
ic stomach trouble, aged 67 years, 6 months and 8 days. 
We lost a good brother. He leaves a wife and children. 
Samuel R. Whisler. 

COOK, Bro. Isaac, born in Barber county. Virginia, 
died at his home in Sylvan township. Osceola Co., Mich., 
Dec 24 1903, aged 68 years, 5 months and I day. fu- 
neral took place Dec. 27. He leaves a faithful companion, 

five sons and toee daughter, ^e /aughte. preceded 
?o'r"y-Sx 'yelrfag'o an7has ige'd "a faithful member . J™ 

f TovE L : sis 'tofz^j^xzs^ 

died at her home near Pleasant va '«?. T , deceased 

Dec. 26, .903. ^^ d ^f; c a d r rc"ns"iien, y ii'fe in the Breth- 
was a member ot and nveu a w Services at P easant 
r fVtd \° r M S ?" In nienfin the Early grave- 
Run by Eld. J. M. tt-agey- s j Bowman. 

ya EASTERDAY, Elmer C died in *= Mohican cong^ 
gation, Olno Dec. 25 |SW. »|^ # EQSfirtJto*. 
;-r d orBr^en,,dfs|Epb r a,m^winehari,^.^ 

,897 ' ve^l X* Mo Sn churX conducted bJ-V. L. 
' Fr e rof"l« United Brethren church, fromjohn^ 1^ 

FI NK, Sister Julena ^Saiome, nee WMj-ta Ceylon, 
Blue Creek church, W^IJei. 9, » J' C B ford count y, 
months and 8 days She w ^ »°^ Fink May 14, 1854. 
Ohio She was ma ned » -^ dMghters , all of 

To them were born Hirec s ^ racmbcr o{ the 

whom arc living. ^ am v. ^ a suffercr 

Brethren church for th »y fou ^ ^ \ ni tum01 . in her side 
for several years with hea t ™« a mjn 

and at last dropsy. She eaves ar ag ^.^ 

ister in the church) and six children. p ^^ 

the undersigned, from Psa. 17- «• 

FLORY, Sophia wife of Aaron Florj , diet I ,t her home 
in Piqua, Ohio of cancer, aged 57 g years- ^ ^^ 
» d "t t thrBa b p1s, e te t rhrert S husband,,bree | da F Ughters 

and a son survive her. 

FLORY, Susan, wife of Tobias Florj -, d.e^ ^ Dec.^ao, 

..r».'stHS"4: i 3£H 

Frock ys> regular a, ,e ndan o Ij. ^ ^ m (oo 
ways put off the matter 01 ui t , nccessa ry prep- 

late. He always assisted in maKing 

f v f°^i: h ^rin^l iTeTders-J. T. Kolb and 

1 G^TERtster Hannah P., wife of Eld. A. L. Grater 
H-d Dec 27 1903 in the Mingo congregation, Eastern 

?-^SoSst"own^Pa:r h chu E r^ » ^f 
charge, aUo the No".sWwn , e!!ernp i ar y member 

forcibly °="} OTS ' rat t £ h d e ^'h^ch being solidly filled. She 



•brb?S."en S Co-nne'r-and H^opple. y T ext, Psa. 4^ 

, T^ SE ' e Si M ' D "'of Se ^fn^^fZ^^ 
John Hawse, M. D ot u.e u BrQ Joh[) 

Krge'y"s Bh wber C e°-shI a has d, p d art?y e had he'r horn. .inc. the 
deaUiof her husband, aged 79 years 7 ™° nth 5,. an j d f 
days Funeral services .tilt. Zion church by Eld. I. C 
Myers and B. B. Miller, from Psa. ^ t^ R . tchie 

HOFFER Aaron M., died Nov.'22, 1903, at his home at 

^""'"SuSem^o^eZ^dllo^ri;. ^ 
He was a fa.tWul ™™ ber „° , \ nc brother and two sisters. 
s'eTvfces we e Wdat the Canowago house by Bro. Sam- 
„ ™ . Witmer, assisted by Joseph N^> Holer 
Brinser Text, Rev. 14: .3- Susan M ' » otIer - 

SSS- c'nTeh 1 . ^rrnent in 5 the Greenmount R b„ry.n g 
ground. . 

MARKEY Sister Lillie May, died Dec. 14, 1903. m the 

dmrch for a number of years. She leaves husband and 

ser. Text, 2 Cor. 5: I. 2. Llzzle b - M y er!l - 

MARTIN Bro. Fishel, died at his home in Batavia. 
Iowa Dec '9 903, aged 6. years, I month and 25 day. 
He 1,'ad been an invalid for many years. He was received 
into the church in the Libertyville church with his w, 
n °868 He leaves a wife and five children; two of the 
children belong ,0 the Brethren- church. Funeral sen- 
ices in the Batavia house by the writer. ^^ ^ 

by Eld. David Dilling, from Psa. S: 4- John E. Metzger. 

McMILLEN. Sister Martha, nee Davis died ^.i| 
19 o 3 ; at Rolla, Va., aged 54 years, n ™ onth \? nA *}J% 
She was united in marriage to the water, with whom she 


76 y 

■r 11 

is ii 
In e 


a w 
by " 

at ( 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1904. 


,. U. G. 

eral was ne.u - •■■- ■ ~ A r T after wh ich her re- 
Itiverson P reac " ea rest ;„ Riverside cemetery, near 
Lydia A. Morton. 


, , 11 i„, thirty-three years. No children were 
lj « d fai , ns -union Ttahustano, father, mother, and one 
.born to this union. she was anoin ted by 

feS Joseph CHne and Ahram Early a^ ^before 

'"ui^FR'sister Pelina, died Dec. 27. .903. in Payette 
U1 l ^daho of stomach trouble, aged 79 years, 2 
*""?' , id 17 days. Sister Miller was sick only one 
"""l"' 5 She united with the Brethren church about 1846, 
week She "m member untd death Fu- 

of era f !™s held in the Brethren church. Bro, J 

mains were 

fTi'iT FR Sister Susan, died Dec. 29, 1903, at the home 
> r « .-'in- aw, in Broadway, Va., in L.nvlles Creek 
, her son in ia 6 montlls anQ 7 

congregation of old age, ^ ^y^ pr 

fe her many years ago. She has one daughter and 
ceded her W Roadcap before marriage, 

wo sons, sue w*> Samuel R. Whisler. 

MOHLER Martha Ann Phillips, "born in Highland 
M ?v Ohio died at Iowa City, Iowa, Dec. 31 1903. aged 
T ^rs and'28 days. She was married to Andrew Moh- 
? 6 y " Ohio in 1846 Nine children blessed this union, of 
1 Z ony five are living. In 1864 they moved to Iowa, 
w '°™ ?hev since resided She was stricken with paraly- 
where 'WJ." 1 e offerer until relieved by death, 

f^ife shTumted with the M. E. church after her 
LrhM she united with the Brethren church. Later she 
"J with the Progressive Brethren, in which faith she 
'""„ F ei.1 by Eld. J. A. Myers, of the same 

CStfS ^ Eid. C. M. Brower. Text, Isa.^y, 

?„T He was born in Holmes county Ohio. He leaves 
fife, five sons and four daughters Services conducted 
^"brethren John Metzler and **jg$>g M ^ 

REED Bro. David, was killed Dec. 22, 1903, by a pass- 
„Jin, as he was crossing the track to board a tram, 
afcerSgordo HL He was faken to Bro J. M Shively s 
I ,X rr e funeral services were conducted at eight 

Sock 7 .the evening by Eld. David Troxel. The body 
tas sent to Allen Ridge. Va„ Wednesday morning, which 
'was their former home. He was thirty-one years old arid 
had been married nine years. He leaves a devoted wife, 
two litte Toys, father, mother, three brothers and one 
Ker. He was' a deacon and lived a "jj-Jt^CtajBui 

ROOT, Andrew, born in Montgomery county, Ohio, 
rtenarttd this life at Ozawkie. Kans., Nov. 17, 1903. aged 
Isfy ars, 6 months and 17 days. He united in marriage 
wit . Elizabeth, daughter of John Cnpe, of Carroll county 
Indiana in the year 1838. In April of the fo lowing year 
he with hh companion united with the Brethren church. 
In March 1863, they came to Jefferson county, Kansas, 
"cat ng two miles west of Ozawkie. October of the 
same year he was called to the ministry. In Apr, 1 1864, 
S „-.. bereft of his faithful companion who was laid to 
% in the cemetery on the farm on which they first located 
in Kansas. To this union were born ten children A tew 
years later he was married to Mary Fager (nee 1 Heck- 
man) who preceded him in death about two months. 
Bro'koot served the church in the ministry a little more 
than forty years and always magnified the office, work- 
ing to the best of his ability for the promotion of the 
principles of the church. The last few years of his 1c rye 
life were spent in traveling-over the Northeast District of 
Kansas, distributing tracts and working in various ways in 
.support of the cause he loved most. Sept 14, 1001, he 
received a stroke of paralysis, from which he never re- 
covered. From then until death he was nearly helpless, 
which time he spent with his daughter, Sister Katie Hol- 
ler, who faithfully ministered to his comfort. He leaves 
two sons (both ministers in the Brethren church) and one 
daughter. Funeral services conducted by the writer from 
Job 14: 1, 2, assisted by brethren A. Puterbaugh and Wal- 
' r Brunton. H. L. Brammell. 

1 SAXTON, Mary A. Smith, died in English River con- 
Jgregation, Iowa, of typhoid pneumonia, Dec. 30, 1003, 
laged 37 years, 1 month and 2 days. She was married to 
■Dexter Saxton March 17, 1886. Three children blessed 
■this union, who with husband, parents, two sisters and 
lone brother are left to mourn their loss. Funeral by Eld. 
|C. M. Brower, assisted by Eld. Lapp, of the Mennon.te 
*hurch, from Jas. 4: 14- Peter Brower ' 

_ SNELL, Sister Mary Anna, of Harrisonburg, Va. 
■daughter of Bro. George and Sister Malmda Snell, died 
■ Dec. 31, ioo,, aged 33 years. 11 months and 5 days. 
■When young she united with the Brethren church. Al- 
though afflicted for quite a while, she was faithful in the 
■church of her choice. Services at Bridgewater conducted 
■by Eld. J. M. Kagey. assisted by Bro. P. S. Thomas and 
lllie writer. Text, 1 Thess. 4: 18. Her body was laid to 
f est in the cemetery near the church. 

moved to Ogle county. Illinois. Eleven children were 
born to them, all of whom ate living except one. the 
father died in 1871. Sister Wolfe was a consistent mem- 
ber of the church for over sixty years. Funeral services 
by Eld. D. E. Brubaker. Nelson Shirk. 

WOLF Sister Susanna, died Nov. 12, 1903. at the home 
of her son-in-law, Eld. David Snader. at Akron, Pa., in 
the bounds of the West Conestoga church, aged 72 years, 
, month, and 23 days. She was an active and devoted 
sister about forty-one years. Her maiden name was Netz- 
ley her father being Eld. Henry Netzley of the River 
Brethren church. Her husband. Mr. Geo. Wo If, preceded 
her to the other world thirty-two years ago. leaving her 
with five children, three of whom are members ot tlie 
Brethren church. Services improved by our home minis- 
tering brethren at Sleinmetz's meetinghouse and inter- 
ment in the adjoining cemetery. Linn H. Mies. 

India; A Problem 


Christian Workers Topics 

...^•or 1904... 

The last Annual Meeting provides for the organization 
of young people's meetings throughout the Brotherhood 
under the name of Christian Workers meeting, and also 
decided that the Brethren Publishing House should pub- 
lish a suitable list of topics for such meetings and that 
suitable comments and helps should be published in one 
or more publications of the House. For the present the 
Missionary Visitor will be used for notes and comments 
on the topics. 

The List of Topics, Neatly Printed on 
Good Cardboard Folders, 

Will be supplied by the House at the following rates: 
SO topic cards, 30 cents; too topic cards, So cents. More 
than this number will be supplied at 100 rate If you 
wish to have the name of your church, the hour o meeting, 
name of pastor, etc., printed on first page It will cost 50 
cents extra for the first 100 and to cents for each addi- 
tional hundred. 



Elgin, Illinois. ___ 

New and Revised Edition Jnst from the Press. 

Thousands of 

these books have 
been sold and there 
will be thousands 
more sold. The 
book sells strictly 
on its merits. It 
contains a very 
large number of il- 
lustrations which il- 
lustrate the reading 
matter and bring 
the picture of India 
vividly before your 
Agents Wanted. 
It is a book that 
Will sell to anyone 
who is interested in 
missions. If your township has not been canvassed, write 
To us to-day for particulars. Be sure to give name of 
township and county. 

Price of book in cloth, $1,251 fu« morocco, $2.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 






Lessons for 1904. 


Rey. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. D. 

The Scarlet Line j. 
Told at Twi light ;■ 


These two books are intended for the little tots who 
arc beginning to read and for those who are not old 
enough to read for themselves. 

If you want books that the little ones will reread and 
ask you to reread the stories to them, then get these little 
book, " Scarlet Line" is a continuation of the book, 
•■ Told at Twilight." Aunt Dorothy continues to gather 
the children around her in the evenings and continues the 
Bible stories up to the time the ark was brought back to 


Containing the Sunday- 
school lessons for 1904, with 
proper names divided into syllables and «*!.»««, 
marks placed and vowel ^ sound indicated ! •J"^*,. 
Version changes, Golden Texts ug"y » Readings, 

Historical Setting, Lesson Titles, bugge "' . and 

References, Lesson Analysis, Poetical 1 h ° u /" Su ' nd 
other helps and conveniences, such as Maps a J 

school Class Book pages for personal use o : teacne , 

th £f rtet%m1Sed a^sta^d^.atf 5 

between each lesson for notes, 50 cents. 
Postpaid on receipt of price. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

I Bay 

st in the cemetery near me cuuii.11. -. •■■ -- -— 

WAMPLER. Sister Elizabeth, nee McCarty. wife of 
ro. Isaac Wampler. died near Leeton, Mo., of muscular 
.._:-«.„_ tx__ .- ~~^a fie vmn ft months and 10 

ivia- 1 

ived I 
wif= I 
tin I 


Fork I 
,rs, 3 
ithful I 

n shel 

:r, died near i-eeiou, iv.u., «._^. — . ■ — - 
urietus, Dec. 31, 1003, aged 65 years, 6 months and 18 
iys. Interment in the Mineral Creek cemetery. 

Lizzie Arnold. 

WARNER, Jacob, born, in Hagerstown, Md., died in 
'ranklin county, Kansas, in the bounds of the Uttawa 
Punch, Dec 17 1903, aged 60 years. It months and 13 
lays. He had been a member of the church for twenty- 
ight years He leaves a wife and five children; was sick 
<ut a few days The occasion improved by the writer. 

ssistcd by Eld. P. Whitmer. Text, 2 Cor. 15:20. 

R. F. McCune. 

WHITE, Carl Newman, son of Brother and Sister 
'hite. died in the Silver Creek church, Ohio, of diabetes, 
ged 9 years, 4 months and 19 days. Carl was a bright 
oy. a very attentive Sunday-school scholar, loved by all. 
'uneral by the undersigned, assisted by Bro. J L. Guthrie. 

WOLFE, Sister Catharine, nee Miller, died in Mt. 
lords. 111 Dec to 1903, aged 86 years, 1 month and 13 
iys. She was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, 
t about the age of nineteen she was united in marriage 
Daniel Wolfe a native of Virginia. In 1842 they 

ToChris tian Workers' J joctetles. 

The Missionary Visitor will contain comments on the 
'"in order to introduce the Visitor, we will send 



Elgin, Illinois. 

Price of books. 35 cents each. Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Lesson Commentary 

For 1904. 

A valuable aid in the <rtudy d I to ft-gT HjtoJ l-J-J 

& ^Sout^tS/jl^on c Of the Kesson, 
Si!i h«M ZtMStt our commentary, 
6i ^ contra complete Harmony <**Hggft*i 
t .^^nS^rr?ns^a 5 c"ar^n^,na^^i.y 

postage prepaid. 

Elgin, Illinoil. 

. ' 

4 S 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January i6, 1904. 


Smi.hfield.-Dcc. 27 Br. LJ. |h a ff=r came here to 
hold a short ™;' m S/*K« baptized 
^'ol,.e.sTeply , 'imprcsS-Mary E. S m „h. Marttns- 

b ^o;d;!;TL, n cc,^ : a,.c /rh Rcd.o„d cf „rch 


™JJ I in sending the Gospel Messenger as a Christmas gilt 


llrah Kians, Nashville, Okla.. Jan. 7. 

" Glade Run.-Ottr short revival meeting came to a close 
Thursday evening, conducted by our pastor, Bro. Chas. 
leery Three confessed Christ and were buried with h.rn 
fa baptism -Flaura Bouscr, Kitlanning, Pa., R. R. No. 4. 

^crhaHv Grove -By the request and authority of the mis- 
ion brLrd of Southern Pennsylvania I went to one of 
1, r mission point" and held a series of meetings. I here 

' ' ,1 . twelve members there They have a neat, plain. 

mWtttiin in May or June to give them some more 
n c ! gs w n " '■ a number of others who were almost 
ncrsaded I think, will be ready also to give heir hearts 
fo lie Lord. My conviction since holding this meeting 
s that when holding a series of meetings, especially at a 
„ ion pSm ,. should be held in the warm months and 
no. when the thermometer is hanging around zero 1 find 
and realize that there arc many sections in our Stale 
where the Brethren and their doctrine have never been 
heard of-W. A. Anthony. Shady Grove, Pa„ Jan. 7. 

Soring Creek.-Seven souls were added to the church 
ihrfSS? baptism on New Year's day. These are nearly 
all Say-school scholars. Bro. Geo. . Lehmer, of Me- 
c anicsb urg. Pa., closed a scries of meetings at the Spring 
C e k Cse last Sunday evening. Bro Lev, Mo hie, -, of 
Dillsburg Pa., is expected to open meetings at the Cone- 
wago house about Feb. 20.-J. B. Aldinger, Elizabethtown, 

Los Angeles.— Dec. 21 council meeting was held at this 
place As quile a number of the Sunday-school workers 
could not be present, the election of officers or the 
school for the year 1904 was postponed until the following 
Sunday. All officers were reelected Our school evi- 
dently believes in retaining good workers. We have an 
evergreen school. The average attendance fop the year 
,903 was more than thirty per cent over that of th I pre- 
ceding year. Christmas evening, we held appropriate 
services The exercises were mostly by the children. 
At the conclusion the scholars were all remembered with 
a neal little box of candy and an orange.— L. C. Hos- 
feldt 3635 N. Griffin Ave., Los Angeles, Cal„ Jan. 8. 

Manila.— Dec. 27 we had an all-day meeting of pur 
Bible class, and the same evening closed the session 
We believe all were benefited by Bro. Ulery s labors and 
have gained an inspiration for a greater knowledge of 
God's Word. One dear soul (a son of the writer) came 
out on the Lord's side and was baptized Jan. 2. We be- 
lieve others were near the kingdom.— A. W. Hawbaker, 
Copemish, Mich.. Jan. 7- 

South Waterloo church met in council Jan 5, Ed b. 
H Miller, of Sunnyside, Wash,, presiding. Several let- 
ters were granted. One letter was received. Bro. Hol- 
singer will instruct a class in singing, beginning Jan. II.— 
Sa'muel Swcitzer, Waterloo. Iowa, Jan, 9. 

Muncie.— Bro. P. B. Fitzwater came to our church Jan. 
5 to assist us in our scries of meetings. At this writing the 
interest is increasing, and we hope and pray for good re- 
sults At our last council meeting, Dec. 31. all business 
was disposed of pleasantly. Bro. H. C. Brown, our Gos- 
pel Messenger agent, resigned and the church appointed 
Bro. N. J. Paul.— Geo. L. Studebakcr, Muncie. Inch, 
Jan. 9. 

Pleasant Ridge.— Bro. D. S. Clapper, of Everett, came 
among us Dec. 2 and preached fourteen instructive ser- 
mons. The church feels very much encouraged. Some 
are very near the kingdom.— Ella Mcllott, Pleasant Ridge, 
Pa., Jan. 8. 

Morrill.— Bro. J. J. Yoder, of Conway, Kans.. came to 
us Dec 10 to conduct a series of meetings. He remained 
with us until Jan. 2. The attendance and attention were 
marked throughout. The saints were encouraged. Five 
precious souls were buried with Christ mjMptism, and 
two were restored to the fold.— R. E. Eisenbise, Morrill. 
Kans., Jan, 9. 

Prices Creek.— We closed our series of meetings, which 
was well attended considering the weather. Bro. E. B. 
Bagwell, of Bremen, Ohio, preached twenty sermons. 
Bro W H. Wortenbakcr, of California, preached one 
sermon on account of Bro. Bagwell's physical strength 
giving way— C. C. Longaneeker, Prices Creek, Ohio, 
Jan. 7. 

Dayton.— Our series of meetings still continues, with 
large congregations and the very best of attention and 
interest Five have applied for baptism, two by letter, 
and many near the kingdom.— Elmer Wombold, Dayton, 
Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Newberg church met in council Jan. 2. A series of 
meetings will begin at this place Jan. 12, conducted by 

Bro T Secrisl, of Myrtlepoint, Oregon. A love feast 


er" bustsT-wal TaSlrWinnfe° rt E h ^ipT South 

^L^ro^P. RowL'd, of Lanark,!..., is in the 
midst" of a "cries of meetings at Bagley, with increasing 
mterest and attendance.-!. D. Haughtelm, Panora, Iowa, 
Jan. 11. 

(c) "Of the Church to the Support of the Gospel."- 
W. Swadley. ■ 

6 •• To what Extent Should Brethren Take Part in Po],| 
,; CS ?"_D F. Bowman, Henry A. Garst. 

7 '"Is Faith Declining? "-M. Nead, J. B. Pence. 

8 " The Design of the Ministerial Meeting."— SentencJ 
expression by one and all present. 

Sunday, 9 A. M. 

1 The regular Sunday-school session. 

2 950 "The Brethren Sunday School-Its Needs; It| 
H,ndrance.s."-Samuel Nead, Samuel H. Garst. I 

, 1020, " The Design of, or Why every Church Shouljl 
Have a Sunday School."-J. P. Bowman, C. A. Bowman. I 

Preaching Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights, also I 
on Sunday at II A. M. I 

Pleasant Hill church tenders a broad invitation to all to I 
be present and participate in the meeting. 

Committee: Austin Diehl, A. E. Nead, T. C. Garst. 

Ruth the Trueflearted 


But you ask. What route did you travel over to get 
here? Well, 1 came over what is known as the Over- 
land Route, or Union Pacific System." Many pens have 
been employed in trying to describe the scenery in cross- 
ing the last range of mountains before we arrive at Sacra- 
mento. Cal., but all failed, and so will I fail too. It has 
to be seen to know what it is like. 

I had the pleasure of crossing these grand mountain 
heights in company with Bro. Geo. L. McDonaugh, D. L. 
Miller and wife, Grant Mahan, and other good people. 
When we crossed those mountains the sunshine was at 
its best and it was like a great light hung out from above 
saving See the beauties of that one who made you and 

A. Hutchison, 

Jan. I, 1904. . 


The meeting will be held at the Pleasant Hill Brethren 
church, Sullivan county, Tennessee, Jan. 29 and 30. 
Opening, 10 A. M. 
Topics for discussion. 

1 "The Importance, Power and Encouragement ot 
Prayer."— C. H. Diehl, A. M. Laughrun. 

2 " Do the New Testament and Scriptures Teach Uni- 
formity in Wearing Apparel? "-John H. Garst, James R. 
Wine. , 

, "The Brethren Church.- What has She more than 
other Churches ,0 Commend Her to Favorable Considera- 
tion?"— John C. Bashor, Peter Miller, P. D. Reed. 

1 "The Christian Home— Its Literature, Social Ele- 
ments and E«ique,.e."-N. B. Sherfey, S. H. Garber. 

5 "The 'Effectual' Consecration— (a) Of the Minister 
to the Ministry."— Elkanah Gray. . 

(b) "Of the Laymembers to the Christ-lite. — S. J. 

A beautiful sto-l 
ry of a * noblel 
woman, — a story I 
that will delight| 
all who read 
The characterl 

represented will! 
thrill young heart *| 
and inspire them! 
to live more de-| 
voted lives. 

A Most Charming^ 

Price, 35 cents. 

Address: .„t,oy* 
Elgin, Illinois. 




Via the North-Western line. Excursion tickets 
greatly reduced rates are on sale to the territory indicated! 
above. Standard and Tourist Sleeping Cars, free Reclin- 
ing Chair Cars and "the best of everything. For dates! 
of sale and full particulars apply to agents Chlca S° M 
North-Western R'y. 

The Gospel Messenger and "Eternal Verities'] 

A Combination Offer that is Appreciated by All. 

The thirteenth thousand is now being printed. If you want to get so valuable 
book as "Eternal Verities" for so small a sum as 25 cents additional, send m you 
orders now. The Gospel Messenger 1 year and "Eternal Verities," combined, only] 
$1.75. Regular price of book alone, $1.25; Messenger, one year, $1.50. 

To the Old Friends of the Messenger: 

Tell your neighbors about this special offer and help widen the influence of our| 
church paper. 



Elgin, Illinois. ^ 

Per your special offer find enclosed * for which please send the Gospel Messenger to anua,y, ,co. 

in combination with " Eternal Verities." (Fill on, the year and if "Eternal Verities" Is not wanted, cross on,.) 


Post Office. 


The Gospel iMssenger 


Vol. 43. 

Elgin, III., January 23, 1904. 

No. 4. 


Editorial, — 

Fifty Years as a Teacher - 3° 

Women as Helpers So 

Human Interpretation 5° 

Just as They Are 57 

Paul on the Principle 57 

How We See 57 

Paul's First Letter to Timothy 5" 

Mr. Trumbull as a Worker 5° 

The Twentieth Century New Testament 5° 

Essays, — 

" All are Yours." By W. H. Sanger, 50 

From My Diary— New Year's Eve. By A. G. 

Crosswhite 50 

The Husband of one Wife. By Chas. M. Yearout,.so 
The Morning and Evening Sacrifice. By A. C. 

Wieand 5° 

Forty-five Unhappy Marriages. By J. E. Miller,.. 51 

Spiritual Baptism. By John Calvin Bright 5* 

Influence of Ministers' Wives, 5* 

Dreyfus. By S. Z. Sharp 51 

What Is Truth? By J. S. Flory 52 

Only Once Married. By J. D. Haughtehn, .52 

Some Reminiscences of Eld. John Kline. By Benj. 

Funk, 52 

Living versus Existing. By Frank B. Myers 5 2 

The Sunday School,— 

The Teacher before His Cla^s. By Jacob D. Fun- 

derburg 5-1 

Jesus Calls Four Dimples 54 

Home and Family, — 

Kind and Firm. By Wilbur Stover 55 

Boys and Cigarettes, ■ • 55 

The Small Things. By C. A. Miller, 55 

Sisters' Mission Circle at Meyersdale, Pa., 55 

Sisters' Aid Society of Barren Ridge Church, Va.,..55 

A Pattern Worth Copying 55 

A Prayer of the Early Church 55 

General Missionary and Tract Department,— 

' Christianity or Mohammedanism in India, 59 

From Jalalpor. India. By D. L. Forney, ...59 

. , Southeast District of Kansas. By D. P. Neher 59 

Not Properly Developed. By P. L. Fike 59 

Mission Board of Michigan. By Peter B. Messner, 59 

The First Meetinghouse. By John Bowman, 59 

Teaching Children to Give. By Jennie Stephens,. .59 


A peace conference was held at Washington, D. C, 
last week for the purpose of promoting international 
arbitration. Probably war will not be entirely gotten 
rid of for a long time to come, but peace principles 
are gaining ground and nations are not so ready to 
plunge into war as they once were. Yet there are 
some who openly advocate war. Speaking of the 
conference and against the idea of peace, a German 
professor at Berlin said : " Germany especially, with 
an increasing population and unproductive colonies, 
with Austria. Holland and Switzerland peopled with 
Germans, even with old German Burgundy still in 
French hands, must be prepared to take advantage of 
all openings. Our neighbors don't love us, but they 
must be taught to fear us." There is too much of 
that sentiment in nearly all nations, and that is why 
there is so much said in favor of larger armies and 
stronger navies. Each seems to want to make the 
other afraid. 

/~Some time ago we had something to say about the 
dam at Assouan, Egypt, built to store the waters of the 
Nile for irrigating. The cost of the dam was twelve 
and a half million dollars. By the end of the first 
year after its completion there had been an increasc'of ' 
twenty-five million dollars in the value of the land 
which could be watered by it. So it proved to be a 
decidedly paying investment. One who has lived in 
a country where the crop depends on irrigation knows 
how important it is to have a good supply of water. 
No doubt large reservoirs will be constructed in the 
western part of our country, in order that the water 
which now flows down the streams before it is needed 
may be stored for the time of need. This will bring 
into cultivation much land that is now practically des- 
ert. Water will give life to the waste land and make 
it produce wealth. 

It is said that there are ten thousand millionaires 
in the world. The United States is credited with sev- 
en thousand of them, one thousand being in New York 
City. These figures tell how large a part of the wealth 
of the world is in the hands of a comparatively small 
number. And they show how large a proportion of 
the wealthy men of the world live in the United States. 
In a new country of vast resources it is easier for a 
man to acquire great wealth than in an old country. 
But millionaires, though they often do much good, are 
not the most desirable people in the world — it all de- 
pends on how they use their wealth. If there were 
as great effort put forth to acquire godliness with con- 
tentment as there is to acquire wealth which most often 
destroys contentment, the world would be different and 

The Indiana State Board of Public Instruction, in 
a bulletin sent out to teachers, say .' " Too many boys 
from the farms are seeking openings in Chicago, St. 
Louis, and the other large cities of the West. Per- 
sonal investigations have brought to light the fact 
that three-fourths of the boys who have migrated to 
the cities in the last five years have been unsuccessful 
in their undertakings, many having been forced al- 
most into the unemployed class." There is much in 
the last sentence for boys on the farm to think about. 
" It will be a sad day for our national life when all 
our young men farmers come to town, when the 
small, well cultivated homesteads give way to big 
landed estates." Many will not agree with the above, 
hut there surely are enough failures to make young 
men think seriously before making the change. Al- 
most everything depends on the young man. 

The Korean commerce is not large, compared with 
that of some nations, being about ten million dollars 
for imports and five million for exports. But it will 
increase, and this interests commercial nations. Amer- 
ican products, both manufactured and otherwise, are 
popular in Korea, but the very large porportion reach 
that country through China and Japan, and the direct 
trade of the United States with Korea is extremely 
small. It is onlv within a comparatively short time 
that the direct trade of the United States with Korea 
was of sufficient importance to justify a separate 
1 record. In 1897 the exports from the United States 
i to Korea were $509 in value; in 1898, $125,000; in 
'902, 251.000, and for the eleven months ended with 
I November, 1903, $366,919, indicating that for the 
I entire calendar year 1903 the total exports to Korea 
I from the United States will amount to about $400,000. 

northwest territory becoming American instead of re- 
maining British. There are Canadians who think the 
same. But the deputy minister of the interior, who 
ought to be as well informed as most people on this 
subject, is satisfied that there is not the slightest danger 
from the stream of American immigration into the 
northwest, lie thinks thai those who settle there are 
contented with Canadian institutions and have no de- 
sire to see them replaced by any other. The future 
must tell what relation the two countries will sus- 
tain to each other. It will be what both desire, for 
neither would desire a forced union, if one ever does 

It is said that Catholic women in New York City 
have formed a society called " Daughters of the Faith " 
for the purpose of doing away with some of the evils 
of society, of discountenancing usages and customs that 
are the evident causes of the spread of moral evil in 
society. Among other things the members are pledged 
not to accept or extend invitations to a divorced per- 
son who has married during the life of the person 
from whom he or she has been divorced ; not to be pres- 
ent at an\- entertainment at which any form of gam- 
bling for money is carried on ; not to drink in public 
cocktails or any other alcoholic beverages. I^ow- 
necked dresses are also to be proscribed. Some such 
reform movement, including still other evils, would 
he the means of doing good. Society in many places is 
not what it should be; but the change for the better, 
if there is one, must come from within. 

A Welsh professor who visited the United States 
recently and then went through Canada before return- 
ing home seems to think that there is danger of the 

The manufacturers of antitoxin have formed a com- 
bination and increased the price a hundred per cent. 
This makes it so expensive that poor people cannot 
purchase it, and too expensive for the authorities to 
give it away. Many will he deprived of its use and 
more children will die from diphtheria. But of course 
the profits of the trust will be greater, and that seems 
to he wdiat is most desired by them. II would be good 
if cities or Stales would manufacture the substance 
for themselves, and thus not be dependent on those 
who are eager to profit at (he expense of others. So 
important a remedy should be within the reach of all, 

AMERICAN marines at Seoul, Korea, are said In have 
been acting in a eery unbecoming manner. The report 
is that they are spoiling for a light. Conditions in 
Seoul are not what they should be. Native papers are 
violently opposed In the foreigners, and il is quite nal 
ural that the feelings on both sides should he none 
too friendly. Tile citizens of several nations have fi- 
nancial interests in Korea, and since then' is a common 
belief that the Korean government is not capable of 
protecting property, forces have been sent by foreign 
governments. No people likes to see outsiders man- 
aging their affairs. It seems probable that the worst 
.if the trouble is past. But it is ton had if Ameri- 
can forces have brought reproach upon themselves and 
their country. Still, war is not an occupation that de- 
velops the best there is in men. 

In the development of his Empire of Sahara ivl. 
Jacques Lebaudy wishes to draw officers for two bal 
talions of imperial life guards from England and 
America. Another part of tile plan is to encourage 
American negroes to emigrate to the new empire. 
Only approved settlers will be selected, and they will 
he chosen b> reliable agents scattered through the 
United Slates. It is ih.iughl that this will encourage 
emigration of the blacks, for they will not be going to 
a purely negro colony, hut to a new and prosperous 
land with a mixed white and black population. 1 be 
plan sounds well ; but il is much easier to put a plan 
on paper than to make il work. Time will tell. 

The letters exchanged by Secretary Hay and Gen- 
eral Reyes of Colombia were sent to the senate. The 
charge is made that Panama would not have been an 
independent country if Colombia had been allowed to 
send soldiers there to put an end to the revolution. It 
is also said that the revolution was encouraged in the 
United Stales, In reply Secretary Hay said that he 
would " not for a moment accept the imputation of 
unfriendly motives or sentiments on the part of this 
country toward Colombia." Ami he saiil further: 
"The government of the United Stales would gladly 
exercise its good offices with the republic of Panama 
with a view to bring about some arrangement on a 
fair and equitable basis." The feeling of hostility on 
the part of the Colombians is natural, but it will wear 
off as they come to realize that they have been their 
own worst enemies. 



The Master stood in.llis garden. 

Among the lilies fair, . 

Wh id, his own right hand had planted 

And Iramed with tendered eare. 
He looked at their snowy blossoms, 

And marked with observant eye, 
That his flowers were sadly drooping 
T For their leaves were parehed and dry. 
- My lilies need to he watered," 

The heavenly Master said; 
.. Wherein shall I draw it for them, 

And raise eaeh drooping head? 
Close to his feet, on the pathway. 

Empty and frail and small, 
An earthen vessel was lying, 

Which seemed of no use at all. 
Bat the Master saw and raised it 

From the dust in which it lay, 
And smiled as he gently whispered, 

« This shall do my work to-day. 
•• 11 is but an earthen vessel, 

But it lay so close to roe; 
It is small, but it is empty, ^ 
And that is all it needs to be. 
So to the fountain he took it, 

And filled it full to the br.mi 
How glad was the earthen vessel 

To be of some use to himl 
He poured forth the living water 

Over his lilies fair, 
Until the vessel was empty, 

And again he filled it there. 
He watered the drooping lilies 

Until they revived again, 
And the Master saw with pleasure, 

That his labor had not been in vain. 
His own hand had drawn the water 

Which refreshed the thirsty flowers; 
But he used the earthen vessel 

To convey the living showers. 
And to itself it whispered, 

As he laid it aside once more, 
" Still will 1 lie in his pathway, 

Just where I did before. 
- And close would 1 keep to the Master, 

Empty would I remain, 
And perhaps some day he may use me 
To water his flowers again." 


, I, " Another blessed thought. 

E ; e ^L«; every church member, not eve. 
£3 man, not -ery .earned man not eve^hon red 

:^^^s— rdoithis statement 

^"c'nrisf ? God's, He whom we follow 
whom we love, and whose we are, belongs to the 
Father It follows, then, that we, also, are God s. 

Z^ **££*:£?££ 

f , a n the trees that shade our lawns, and 

vTntl wil flow" that cover the waste places in 

wUd pension. We can hear God's ^ the 

Ziderstorm; we can see his countenance in the gor 
thunderstorm, m our 

geous sunset W»* ^^ .^^ 

long way off, and we can but dimly see him in nature 

°Ttfw n ord to you who are Christ's and God's 
through Christ-" 111 are yours." Neither hfe nor 
death can burden the mind, for both are yours ;-l.fe 
o be utd in the service of the Master; deat , to give 
rest to the faithful laborer. Persecutions can be en 
du el temptations no longer appear as they once did, 
for God can bless all of his providences to our good. 

Christ is God's." 
Bridgewater, Va. 



b, reading the third chapter of First Timothy in the 
Twentieth Century New Testament, I observe the fol- 
low ng: '• The Presiding-Officer should be a man o 
b, meless character; he should have been only -once 
married " etc. It seems to me the translators of the 
X: Testament arc not sustained by the .original in 
disqualifying a man who has been ma tried mo e than 
once for official capacity in the church. Men and 
women whose companions are dead are authorized by 
God's Word to marry again. Rom. 7 . 3- 

It is evident that in apostolic times many men had a 
plurality of wives, and to drive this evil from the 
:,rch,\he apostolic church made more than one 
living wife a test of official standing in the church. 
have examined several translations, and none of 
them agree with the Twentieth Century. The Em- 
phatic Diaglott translates the above text thus; It 
Behooves then the overseer to be unblamaUe a hus- 
band of one wife." The Revised Version has thus^ 
•• The bishop therefore must be without reproach the 
,Js and of one wife." It may be all right to modern- 
ize the lan-uage of the New Testament, hut it is not 
ght to so ender one text that it stands ,n opposition to 
another, or is opposed to the tenor of scriptural teach- 
mg I maintain the Twentieth Century's rendering of 
be above text is in opposition to the tenor and Reach- 
ing of God's Word. I have read several commentaries 
o„ the above text, and so far have found none that 
agr s with the Twentieth Century Testament. Lews 
WW. commentary says; "The husband or 
one wire, i. e., he must not have more than one liv- 
ing wife. He may be without a wife, as Paul tanse 

= , Cor Q- •; " Evidently, if it is wrong-and it 
V\t the Twentieth Century's rendering be correct-to 
put men into the offices of minister, elder or deacon^ 
o allow them to hold said offices because their wtves 
d ed and they have married again, then it is wrong 
for person losing, by death, his or her company 
o marry again; for God does not approve of or 
auction a thing one day, and then turn around and 
o demn it the next. I believe remarriage can b 
traced as far back in the remote ages of the past as 
Abraham and there is nothing on record in Gods 
"d will condemning it, provided the first com- 
panion be dead, or have committed fornication. 
Christiansburg, Va. 


Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or 
Ufe^or death, or things present, or things ,0 come; all are 
yours; and ye are Christ's; and Chris, is God s.-l Cor. 
3: 22, 23. 

What a marvelous declaration! Let every Chris- 
tian repeat the words; "All are yours; and ye are 

Christ's; and Christ is God's." This is the secret of 
the Christian's joy. No one can be otherwise than 
happy who realizes in his own life the fullness of these 
comforting words. . 

" All are yours." Does anyone complaintngly say 
that* the Christian religion takes away liberty! 'It 
gives liberty. All the world is given the child of God 
for the exercise of his talents and the play of his 
genius. Christianity broadens the sympathies and en- 
larges the soul, so that it may reach out and grasp 
more of the things that make life worth living. Con- 
version means to turn from a narrow life to a broad 
one It does not deprive the talented of opportuni- 
ties • it gives them opportunities to use their talents to 
the 'best advantage and with the surest results. It 
gives the strength of character and the stability of 
purpose that is demanded in every honorable vocation, 
it does not lessen possibilities for enjoyment; it in- 
creases them. Thank God, " All are yours ! " 

The last page is full and we feel like exclaiming 
with Longfellow,— 

■■ Whatever hath been written shall remain. 
Nor be erased, nor written o'er again; 
The unwritten only still belongs to thee; 
Take heed, and ponder well what that shall be. 
What a change will take place to-night at twelve 
o'clock on the dial plate of calendar clocks! How 
worthless become the old calendars, almanacs, last 
year's resolutions and unfulfilled promises 1 Learn- 
ing to write " 1904 " ^ a small part of the con- 
fronting us at this hour. 

1 have preached during the year seventy-nine ser- 
mons ; of this number thirty-five were preached in the 
home church. 1 have heard 108 sermons preached by 
others I have noted in my diary other services as 
follows: Baptisms, 24; f™erals, 10; marriages, IIJ 
communions, 5; councils, 14; number restored to mem- 
bership 1; number anointed, 2; Sunday-school con- 
ventions. 3; Prayer meeting, ,; harvest meetings, 3; 
children's meetings, 4; lectures, 8; ministerial meet- 
ings 2; Sunday schools, 35 1 aid societies, 7 ; Christ an 
Workers 6; distance traveled by rail 3.501 miles. 
While this much has been done in weakness, my con- 
stant regret is that I have not improved all the time 
at my command and used more of it in my Master s 
service If by this statement of facts any of my dear 
brethren and sisters shall be incited to greater diligence 
in the Lord's vineyard, 1 am willing to suffer re- 
proach for this apparent egotism on my part in report- 
ing what I have been able to accomplish by the help 
of the Lord. 
Flora, Ind. 


The secret of a successful life, in the real senses 
God counts success, is in the closet alone with God. 
"More things are wrought by faith and pra r than 
this world dreams of." The true Christian life is a 
sut cr«a,ural life, whose every breath is prayer, and 
Without the spirit of prayer in the heart there is suf- 
focation and speedy death. 

In its ultimate essence, real prayer is the vital proc 
ess the very act of receiving divine life, the actual and 
only process of being filled with the Spirit and there is 
no other method than real prayer, in the full assurance 

° f And h without genuine faith there u no prayer in 
any real sense; it may be saying prayers but it is not 
praying, only empty (i e., vain), fruitless repetit.on 
o mere words. And there is no virtue in that save 
in Z good intention that means well and feels a bit 
reverent towards God. 

1 wonder what your own prayer life is like. If you 
have been brought up in a devout Christian home 
most likely to have been brought up in the : habit of 
praying at your bedside in the evening. Thank God 
for' that! Still I wonder if you ever neglect it-un- 
der special circumstances. I shall not soon forge 
how shocked I was, as a grown-up boy, when, after 
•mending a love feast, I slept in the same room with 
one of the foremost elders present. To see him retire 
without prayer was something I could not under- 
stand and cannot even now. How often since then 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 


1 b een pained lo see how few men, ministers even, 

uL the courage to kneel at their bedside in the pres- 

ce of their companions and so confess their al 


lu our Lord. 
Another thing that has always seemed very strange 
10 me is to find how few are accustomed to pray the 
firs t thing in the morning, perhaps not one in a thou- 
1( ] And yet how important it is to " see the face 
S f God before you see the face of any man." This was 
Bro Quinter's habit, and that of many less widely 
known" And when one stops to think about it, there 
is more ground for the morning sacrifice than the 
evening. °At night, it is true, we commit the keeping 
of ourselves to God while we become unconscious of 
ourselves, and we ask his forgiveness for the wrong 
and his benediction upon the good we have wrought 
in the day. But how much more important it is to 
seek his guidance in work and his keeping from wrong 
before the work is marred beyond the possibility of 
blessing. We ask God to keep us from harm and 
danger in the night, how much more important in the 
morning to beseech him to keep us from sin and out 
of temptation. What would we think of a soldier 
who took more pains in sentimental contemplation of 
the battle after it is over, than in arming for the fight ! 
Again, at night we are weary of body, tired in 
nerve and dull in mind, and our prayers languish, are 
said perfunctorily, and mayhap we fall asleep over 
them; while in the morning hour the mind is bright, 
the body is refreshed, so let us bring an offering of 
our best and honor the Lord first. There is one other 
psychological reason for both morning and evening 
prayer: it sanctifies in a very real way the whole men- 
tal life; for if the last moment at night the mind is 
thoroughly saturated with the thought of God and in- 
tently concentrated upon, that is consecrated to, divine 
things that will be the keynote of subconscious labor 
and "thought of the mind throughout the night. Right 
here is a point of the vitalest importance in the train- 
ing of children. It doesn't depend upon how long but 
how vitally or intensely you pray. The whole point is 
to get the mind thoroughly saturated with the spirit of 
true worship and actively wrestling with such things 
in full faith. 

The same truth holds for the morning worship. 
Don't leave your closet alone with God upon any morn- 
ing until you see Jesus afresh and rejoice in your 
God and are ready to be a living sacrifice, to glorify 
God in all you do, by doing all in the name of the 
Lord Jesus, whether you eat or drink or whatsoever 
you do. 
Bible Teachers Training School, New York City. 

in the schools of the county. His subject was " The 
Teacher," but he found time to lament the fact that 
the public school teachers did not make it a point to 
teach more morality, more about God, and more with 
reference to good homes, and the sacred relations be- 
tween husband and wife. He thought that because 
of looseness in this particular we have too much of a 
commercial idea of marriage and too easy recourse to 
a dissolution of the marriage tie. 

If judges, lawyers and educators are looking at this 
problem in this light certainly some good may be 
expected to come from it. 

Urbana, 111. 





At the last session of our court there were forty-five 
applications for divorce. This was so large that one 
of the county officers suggested, in a joke, that it 
I might be well to grant with each marriage license 
I also a stub suitable for divorce application. Such con- 
Iditions are appalling. But the outcome was not al- 
I together discouraging. I have noticed three things in 
I connection with this matter that seem hopeful. 
I Many of the applications were refused. Two 
I judges conducted court, and both of them are slow in 
I granting divorce. They seem to think that there is no 
Ineed of being in a hurry about the matter, and that 
|a little time for reflecting on the part of the dissatisfied 
I parties can do no harm. 

In talking with one of the old lawyers with reference 

Ito the young men of the bar he made a remark that set 

•me to thinking. One man is both a lawyer and a min- 

lister. This old lawyer said : " He (the lawyer-min- 

■ster) had only one case and that was for a divorce, 

pid he lost it." He also suggested that a preacher 

fad little business to meddle with divorce cases. Now 

|f a lawyer looks at it that way, may not the time 

fcome when he will go a step farther and think that it 

Vould be better for no one to have much to do with 

divorce cases? 

J I listened to an address before a teachers' associa- 
tion. The speaker was an old and a prominent factor 

This was taught by John the Baptist in these re- 
markable words : " I indeed baptize you with water, 
but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose 
shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you 
with the Holy Ghost, and with fire." Matt. 3:11. The 
Master taught the baptism of the Spirit in connection 
with water baptism in his famous discourse with Nico- 
demus in these words : " Except a man be born of 
water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the king- 
dom of God." John 3 : 5. The risen Savior said to 
his disciples, "Ye shall be baptized with the Holy 
Ghost not many days hence." Acts 1 : 5- And just 
before he ascended he commanded them to wait until 
they received this baptism or power before they should 
carry out the great commission. Luke 24:25-29. 

They received this baptism on the day of Pentecost 
when " they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and 
began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave 
them utterance." Acts 2 : 4. Peter on this same day 
promised that all who would repent and be baptized 
should receive the gift or baptism of the Spirit. Acts 
2 : 38. And ever after the apostles were anxious that 
all who came to the church should receive this baptism 
of the Spirit. When the Samaritans received the truth 
and were baptized, the apostles were sent to pray for 
their baptism of the Spirit. Acts 8:15-17. When 
Paul met certain disciples at Ephesus his first inquiry 
was, " Have you received the Holy Ghost since you be- 
lieved? " And when he found that they had not been 
properly instructed or baptized, they were taught the 
way of the Lord more perfectly, and were baptized ; 
and then. " when Paul had laid his hands upon them 
the Holy Ghost came on them." Acts 19 : 1-12. Paul 
also taught the baptism of the Spirit in connection with 
water baptism in these words: "The washing of 
regeneration and the renewing of the Holy Ghost." 
Titus 3:5. This seems to be the regular order. 
When both are mentioned together, water baptism is 
named first, with the exception of the conversion of 
Cornelius. Acts 10. But this exception seems to 
have been to convince the apostles and those who went 
with him that " God was no respecter of persons," but 
even the Gentile world should be saved. 

The baptism of the Spirit is wholly in the hands of 
the Savior. He has never commissioned man to bap- 
tize anyone therewith. 
Dayton, Ohio, R. R. 4- 

will not atone for that sin. The clever woman must 
be more than that if she is to fill honorably the sacred 
place or calling that she accepted. Let the wife learn 
to find her satisfaction where her duties are." 

To this The Northwestern Christian Advocate (Chic 
Meth. Episc.) adds: 

" The wives of no class of men have so much to do 
with the success or failure of their husband's life- 
work as ministers' wives. What Bishop Huntington 
says of the wives of ministers of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church applies with equal truth to ministers of 
the Presbyterian Church, the Baptist Church, the 
Congregational Church, the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and every other church. Many ministers' 
wives, by their tempers, tongues, bad manners, want of 
tact and want of good sense as well as piety, have de- 
stroyed the usefulness of their husbands, and in not 
a few instances have practically forced them out of the 
ministry. Many other ministers' wives, however — and 
these comprise vastly the larger number— have been 
helpmeets indeed to their husbands in their work- 
making the rough places smooth, inspiring them with 
hope and faith and courage, winning the love of the 
members by their acts of kindness, help (illness, and 
self-sacrifice, ami setting a good example by their 
dress and conduct. 

" Ministers' wives are not appreciated by the mem- 
bership of the church as they deserve. Without their 
aid many churches would fail and few churches there 
are to which they have not been a blessing."— Literary 



In his last monthly message to the Episcopal diocese 
of central New York, Bishop F. D. Huntington takes 
occasion to observe that " more than one pastor has 
been displaced, more than one ministry has been sacri- 
ficed by the dressy, pleasure-seeking or silly partner 
of a diligent pastor or hard-working priest." He con- 
tinues : 

• The subject is delicate and should be delicately 
handled. While the character, temper, manners and 
longue of the minister's wife might be fairly treated 
under several aspects or particulars, we want to men- 
tion now onlv her general tone and bearing in the 
social communitv or the parish where her husband 
presides and teaches. The radical and comprehen- 
sive fault or sin is worldliness of mind. Accomplish- 
ments, energy, tidy housekeeping, general efficiency 

nv S. Z. SHAR1-. 

The vindication and triumph of Captain Dreyfus, 
who was reinstated into his office in the French army 
a few weeks ago, may lie called the triumph of jus- 

Captain Dreyfus, as most readers of the MESSENGER 
know, is a Jew. Like a certain other Jew and noted 
Bible character named Daniel, this Jew was haled by 
his fellow-officers because ot his faith or the " law of 
his God." In 1894 a false charge was brought against 
him, .accusing him of having taken notes or memoran- 
da on certain military subjects and addressed them to a 
German military officer then at Paris. This set ..I 
notes, known as the " bordereau," was in writing and 
claimed to be similar to the handwriting of Dreyfus. 
On this uncertain testimony he was courtmartialed and 
sentenced to imprisonment for life on Devil's Island 
in French 1 iuiana. Before living transported and con- 
signed to a fate worse than death, he was publicly dis- 
graced before about three thousand officers and sol- 
diers at the military college at Paris. His existence 
at Devil's Island was under the most cruel treatment 
and surveillance. No more hopeless case than this 
could well have been imagined and for five years he en- 
dured what would have brought death to most men. 
He however hoped against hope, for he had left behind 
a faithful wife who would do all that human effiorl 
could do, aided by the God of Abraham, whom they 
hotli served. This faithful wife secured, in her be- 
half, the assistance of the noted author, Emilc Zola 
who investigated the case and found that Dreyfus was 
innocent and unjustly imprisoned. He succeeded in 
calling public attention to the case and arousing such a 
sentiment in France as to make the recall of Dreyfus 
necessary. In 1898 another trial by courtmartial was 
given him and he was condemned to imprisonment for 
ten years. However, the unfairness of the trial, the 
partiality of the judges, and the innocence of the pris- 
oner became too apparent, so that il was looked upon 
as a national dishonor. To quiet public sentiment, 
Dreyfus was pardoned of a crime he had never com- 
muted. But it was not mere liberty that he and his 
friends demanded, but justice. The case now as- 
sumed international importance. To save the honor 
of France in the eyes of other nations, the court of cas- 
sation, the highest in the nation, reviewed the whole- 
ease, pronounced Dreyfus innocent, reversed all for- 
. mer decisions, and restored him to his former position 
in the army and theii raised him to a higher one. 

While the enemies of this modern Daniel were no 
own to the .ions, yet they were notified by to court 

L the least disapproval of this order by any officer 

would be rigorously punished. 
To those who are now suffering because of false 

charges and unjust decisions, this vindicate and res- 
oration to honor of an innocent man, is one more o 
h many evidences of the final triumph of the ngh 

and that in God's own good time they will also be 

vindicated and that while » justice may sleep it never 


Fruita, Colo. 

■ ♦ « ■ 

11Y J. S. FLORY. 

My people arc destroyed (or lack of knowledge: because 
,l,o U hast rejected knowledge I will also reject thee.- 
H osea 4 : 6. 

So said God to the children of Israel with whom 
he had a controversy and with the inhabitants of the 
land who were lacking in truth. Some say the ques- 
tion- "What is truth?" is hard to answer. It IS 
defined in two words, Truth is what is, error is 
what is NOT. That is the alpha and omega of the 
whole matter. What is the truth as regards a propo- 
sition is quite another matter, and yet the right answer 
rests on zi'hat is. . 

To illustrate this idea: One man says the earth is 
a flat plain and the sun moves over it and tinder it; 
another says it is spherical and revolves on its axis. 
Now just what is is the truth in regard to the mat- 
ter Get the proof of what is, and any proposition ^ 
can be settled by this rule. But one great trouble 
always has been and is now a barrier to knowing what 
is truth, and that is because men reject knowledge and 
as a result much suffering exists and blind fanaticism 
has thrown a pall of darkness over the world. Blind- 
ness that comes from an unwillingness to investigate 
is the most disastrous of all calamities. 

It is impossible to branch off from the erratic world 
and be anything else but a nonconformist, and the 
closer one is governed by -Mat is, the farther off one 
gets from what is erroneous, and of course becomes a 
more positive nonconformist. This is why the apostles 
taught the doctrine of nonconformity to the world by a 
renewing of the mind. It was error's chains that 
Christ came to break asunder and set the captives free. 
He taught the truth, something that is, and of course 
that that is not had to become a negation. 

Of all absurdities none can equal the effort to 
merge the truth, as it is in Christ, into a system of 
worldly ethics at variance with divine law or divine 
truth— the same thing— and make it work out in har- 
mony. It is utterly impossible. All the reasoning 
that it is possible to produce can never change what 
is and put in its stead what is not and make it work. 
Things " not of God " will never assimilate with the 
things that are of God. God is. His truth is, and 
saints exist— if you would be one, be something that 
is and do not attempt to be something that is not, or 
cannot be. A Christian is a fact— something that is. 
Anti-Christian is, in mind, what is not— nobody. 
Which will you be, a positive something or a negative 
nonentity ? 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-Janu ary 23, 190 ^ 

tury New Testament in verse 2 says, " only once mar- 
ried." but in verse .2 it is " not more than once mar- 

" The original Greek, together with all the translations 
quoted down to the R. V., might, of themselves, ad- 
mit the modern rendering "only once married were 
it not for the fact that Paul in this same letter (5. 14) 
advises remarriage; and, further centuries before our 
Savior was born the prophet said: The Lord hath 
laid on him the iniquities of us all." Isa. 53^9- l"e 
inspired apostle says, "That he by the _ grace of God 
should taste death for every man. Heb. 2.9- 
" Wherefore he is able to save them to the uttermost 
that come to God by him." Heb. 7:* ,?^T? 
was told " that whosoever believeth on him should 
not perish, but have eternal life." John 3: I°- The 
Gospel was for " all nations." In the various nations 
many had more than one living companion. As Jesus 
bad "tasted death for all men," none were excluded 
from salvation, but all men having more than one l.v- 
wife were excluded from holding office m tb 

111GT Will' _,..~.. - - 

church. Paul said: " Let every man have his own 
wife and let every woman have her own husband. 
1 Cor 7-2 "Every man and every woman in- 
cludes' widowers and widows. We condemn the 
heathen that prohibits the widow from marrying. 
Therefore I accept the teaching and the practice of the 
Brethren church along this line, and consider the ren- 
dering, " only once married," .of modern origin, not 
required by the spirit of the Gospel. Too modern. 

Panora, Iowa. _^_ 

By Benjamin Fnnk. Anther of the Life of John Kline. 

In the use of mechanical tools he was ingenious and 
skillful I distinctly remember a little occurrence that 
transpired at his house one Sunday in February, which 
came under mv own observation. He and I had just 
returned from meeting at the Linville's Creek church. 
There was a deep snow on the ground. We had been 
no more than seated in his room when news came that 
the meat-house key was lost and could not be found. 
With a smile he said: " We must have meat, for ,t 
is not intended that we shall live on bread alone, 
especially in such cold weather." So he left the room, 
and in a little while actually made a wooden key that 
unlocked the door. The door had a slide lock winch 
he had made himself. He could turn his hand to al- 
most anything in the line of tools. 

He owned a very good farm on Linv.lle s Creek, in 
Rockingham county, Virginia. Here was his home. 
This was about eleven miles slightly east of a due 
north line from Harrisonburg, in the same county 
He, with his parents and the rest of the family, had 
moved from Pennsylvania to a place on Linville Creek 
very near to the one on which John lived to the time 
of his death. What John's age was when the family 
moved to Virginia, I do not know. My impression ,s 
that it was when he was still quite a young man. 

His opportunities f or ' good mental training were 
very limited. Good schools were rare, and mostly out 
of his reach. Whilst this lack of means of mental cul- 
ture did not weaken the native force of his genius, it 
did lengthen the time required for its development. 

Singerglen, V a. 

■ » ■ 


BY J. 


I am reading the "Twentieth Century New 
Testament" fin modern English). Like our es- 
teemed office editor, I find " the reading is interesting, 
though I cannot say 1 altogether approve of the 
style." My main objection is that in some places it is 
too modern. I mean, it uses modern terms when the 
original is clearer. 

In 1 Tim. 3: 2 and 12 the word-for-word translation 

from the original Greek reads " of one wife a hus- 
band." Wilson's translation in the Emphatic Diaglott 

is. " Husband of one wife." The A.. V. and R. V. 

have it the same. In all these translations there is no 

difference in verses 2 and 12. The Twentieth Cen- 

In compliance with your request, 1 now proceed to 
give a sort of pen-picture of Elder John Kline. Al- 
low me to call what I may give in this way an oral 
photograph. It seems to serve in the place of a per- 
sonal photograph as the next best thing that can be 

My description of him will be limited to the plane 
of his natural life in the body of his flesh and blood 
as it was thirty-nine years ago. This body he left 
behind at its death, for flesh and blood cannot inhent 
the kingdom of heaven. You may notice my form 
of expression " at its death." I put it this way be- 
cause John Kline did not die. His body was all that 

But inasmuch as the body which he left was the only 
medium through which he could hold social inter- 
course with his fellow-man, be recognized as to his in- 
dividuality, and apply the activities of his mind and 
heart to noble ends, it is but natural, and in no sense 
harmful, for you to wish to see a delineation of it, 
and likewise have some account of the way he used it 
in private life. 

His height was very nearly five feet six and one- 
half inches. His normal average weight was, to the 
best of my recollection, about one hundred and seventy 
pounds. He was what may be called a well-propor- 
tioned, symmetrical man as to personal form. 

John Kline had a full, square face, dark eyes, and 
dark hair in his earlier years. His riair was usually 
long enough to cover the back of his neck, was slightly 
curled by nature, and wavy, and beautifully parted 
over the middle of the head from the forehead. .He 
carried a pleasant countenance, and his social habits 
were very agreeable. 

He had a light beard, which, from some cause, was 
never more than a few inches, say three or four, 111 
length; and this was mostly limited to his chin and 
lower jaw, back to the throat. He shaved his upper 
and lower lip. 

His manner was mild everywhere, and his temper 
habitually calm. I could here relate occurrences, and 
refer to individual cases in which he retained complete 
control of his temper under trials that would have 
broken the yoke from the neck of most men. 

At his home he was kind to visitors and hospitable 
in every way. He displayed the same kind nature in 
the treatment of every member of his household. He 
was the father of but one child, and that died young. 


Living and existing are not always identical. All | 
created things exist, but they do not all live. A stone 
and a lump of clay are" in existence, but surrounding 
conditions do not affect them. They are devoid of the 
principle of life, that silent, mysterious, active force 
which comes alone from God. A tree lives, because. , 
it has the power of life within it, which causes it to 
grow and develop, by virtue of its correspondence with | 
the proper external conditions of light, air and mois 

" Animal life manifests itself in a higher form than I 
that of plants, having the power to think and move. I 
Human life has a moral faculty, additional to the 
physical and mental. It is the life that crowns the" 
work of God's material creation. His chief glory is 
manifested in the living, thinking, feeling soul. 

All church members exist in an outward, literal form. 
But not all live in an inward, spiritual sense. They 
all exist as members of the church, the spiritual body. 
How many of them live as vital members of Christ s| 
body, having implanted within their hearts that prin- 
ciple of eternal life which comes " through Jesus Christ I 
our Lord"? How many professing disciples of thc| 
•• lowly Nazarene " seem to be well satisfied if the;' 
have their names written on the church record, andl 
are utterly unconcerned as to whether or not their I 
daily conduct makes them worthy to be recorded on I 
the'" Lamb's book of life"? Can we rest contentedf 
simply to exist as beings occupying so much space, and] 
eating so much food, or are we, each and all, doing our I 
utmost, by the grace of God, to live for Christ amll 
the advancement of his kingdom in the world? Arel 
we simply existing by his goodness, or are we living.! 
for his glory? Do we realize as we should that tr.ic.l 
consecrated' Christian living is vastly more than mertl 
material existence? Does our manner of life, evenl 
day of the year, prove to the world that there is J 
vital distinction between merely existing to grat* 
a desire for earthly riches, or strong drink, or fashion- 
able apparel, or sinful pleasure, and living above thesd 
earthly vanities and sins, the spirit-filled life that Gc*| 
would have us live? If we really are Christians »<f 
will live in the true sense, and not merely exist by tM 
air we breathe and the daily blessings of a kind ami 
all-bountiful Providence. 

If our " life is hid with Christ in God," we will <>«\ 
try to " hide behind the stuff " when duty calls 
to act. We will attend Sunday school, church a»J 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 


other services fifty-two Sundays in the year, if pos- 
■ ble And it will require more" than a light excuse 
to keep us away from the " house of God " when we 
hould be there. In fact, we are not living Christians 
unless we are about our Father's business, of which 
the Sunday school is a vital and essential part. Will- 
ful absence and an idle concern in regard to the at- 
tendance upon all religious services will do all right 
for an existing Christian, but not for the living Chris- 
tian The latter always does his part of the work, 
manfully and faithfully, and is prompt and regular 
in his attendance at the Sunday school and other serv- 

\ merely existing Christian reminds mc a good deal 
f the barren fig troe which the Savior cursed because 
it bore no fruit. No " fruits erf righteousness " abound 
in their hearts and lives, and if such are cursed to 
everlasting punishment in the great day of all days, 
it will be their own fault, and no other's. 

Fellow-vovagers on life's sea, bound for the land 
of eternity, let us think carefully and soberly on these 
things. Then let us act and live according. May our 
hearts feel the great love of God, and the tremendous 
weight of immortal souls in all lands, bearing upon us. 
May the Holy Spirit burn the truths of God's Word 
and the realities of the true life indelibly upon our 
souls. Let us preach Christ, live Christ, and " spend 
and be spent " for him, is the earnest desire and 
prayer of my heart. 

lit. Pleasant, Fa. 

sionary study. A collection was appointed for the fol- 
lowing Sunday. Another brother then suggested month- 
ly collections, and so it was settled that our gifts should 
be regular. Then our Sunday-school superintendent sug- 
gested giving our Sunday-school collections for missions 
and getting our supplies by special collections. So it was 
ordered, and our collections have doubled. Then in Feb- 
ruary, 1903, we decided to support and educate an orphan 
in India a! twenty-five dollars per year. We have from 
these collections paid the $25. given $3.50 to district mis- 
sion work, sent ?io to Baltimore church, and now this 
$11.25 to Brooklyn, and we have funds in our treasury 
and hope in our hearts for the year thai is 10 come. 

Now. this would be less remarkable were it not a fact 
that before we organized our Missionary Reading Circle 
you could count the dollars contributed in one year for 
missions on your fingers. And Jesus truly said, " It is 
more blessed to give than to receive." We arc proving it 
and hoping to receive more grace. 

Through the efforts of the sisters, two barrels of cloth- 
ing were sent, one to the Des Moines flood sufferers and 
one to Chicago. In the past eighteen months eight have 
been added to this little band by baptism, making twenty- 
nine members who live in this arm of the Grundy County 
church. J- Edwin Jones. 

Grundy Center, Iowa, Dec. 29. 


"Wrlto what thou aeeet, and send it uoto the churches. " 


Even before Thanksgiving day, as the keen, frosty air 
suggested the approaching holiday season, there were 
confidential talks and hints and by some open remarks 
that a Christmas tree would be about the only thing that 
would satisfy the Sunday school at Grundy Center. Three 
other churches talking Christmas tree did not tend to 
end matters. 

Now it happened that some in this little Sunday school 

about thirty members) had had experience with the 

Christmas problem and knew of some of its effects that 

■ere not to be desired; and realizing'the legitimate desire 

luf the children for something special on this day of such 

[hallowed and joyful history, and wishing to gratify that 

Pcsirc so that no regrets might follow, we decided to 

some suggestions that had been found in the 

[Sunday School Times, recommending a giving Christmas 

ir the Sunday school. 

Living in a village where distress from poverty is not 
mown, we directed our thoughts to the church and de- 
ided that this Christmas time our gifts and our prayers 
hould go toward the greatly desired Brooklyn meeting- 
[louse. So with this in mind we enlisted the interest of 
>ld and young and planned to make Christmas both pleas- 
[nt and profitable. A suitable program, which included 
iday-school scholars from five years to seventy-six 
rs old, was prepared, consisting of beautiful, songs and 
ecitations that told of the coming of the Christ child, 
uid a reading that made practical giving to his cause the 
host worthy Christmas aspiration. Then, after a short 
ialk on giving and receiving, a collection was taken. Now 
this collection had been in the minds of the children for 
c time. One of the older sisters made a variety of use- 
irticles which were sold, and some little boys sold pop- 
corn balls and candy made by some young sisters. And 
by working and saving and getting into the spirit of 
jiving, notwithstanding a very cold and stormy night 
'hich caused a small attendance at the program, the eol- 
ation from all sources amounted to $11.25. 
The scholars also had been remembered and a basket 
full of books suitable to the various ages of the scholars 
distributed. The ministers were each remembered 
)y a gift, and so passed into the history of this Sunday 
jchool an event which we hope will be only productive of 
E°od. and which some urged might with profit be repeat- 
pi by this and other Sunday schools. 

Now I should like to add a few words concerning this 
'isnday school and Missionary Reading Circle, that it may 
Je known that this spirit of giving came from purpose of 
[ e art and not because of overwrought sentiment. And 
lese words are not to boast but to encourage others, 
l °ugh they be few in number, to do likewise. 
11 is because we feel blessed in our growth in this grace 
'e past year that I have been asked to write these things, 
■ighteen months ago we organized a Missionary Reading 
here. After a few meetings a brother suggested 


Oct. 23, in company with our aged brother, J. W. But- 
tcrbaugh, we traveled, with horse and buggy, to the home 
of Bro. J. Troxel in Grant county, fifty-five miles from 
our home, spent the night in visiting and sweet repose. 
The next morning we performed the marriage ceremony 
for his daughter, and a few minutes later started on our 
journey soufhwest fifty miles to the Monitor congrega- 
tion, where we spent the night with Bro. Monroe. With 
these Brethren and friends we stayed over the next Sun- 
day, preaching each evening to an attentive congregation; 
also enjoyed communion services with them the night of 
Oct. 30. The morning of Nov. 1 in rain and mud we 
started for home, a distance of sixty miles, and reached 
home the next day about noon. 

Nov. 7 we drove fifty miles and attended a love feast 
with the Hoyle church. Here we met my brother and 
wife, C. L. Smith, of Chicago, 111. I had not met him 
for about sixteen years and it was the first lime to meet 
with his companion. Returned home Nov. 9. 

Nov. 21 we drove fifty-five miles, held services that 
night and two meetings next day and drove home the 
following day, Nov. 23. 

Nov. 27 by rail we went sixty miles to meet with Reed- 
ing Brethren and friends, where we spent eight days in 
a series of meetings with good interest and large atten- 
dance. We believe much good might be done at this 
point if a minister could be convinced to locate and work 
with the earnest, faithful ones. Returned home Dec. 7- 

Dec. 23 by rail we traveled to the home of Bro. M. 
Weland, abont fifty miles, where in the evening a number 
of friends and relatives gathered in and we performed the 
marriage ceremony for his daughter. Next day we trav- 
eled some forty miles to the home of Bro. Troxel, where 
on Christmas night fourteen members surrounded the 
Lord's table, and though few in number, our pure minds 
were stirred up in remembrance of what Christ has done 
for ail, and that the faithful shall meet him again to 
dwell with him forever. We remained here over Sunday 
and held services three times, and returned home Dec. 28. 
Besides this outside work we have two places of regular 
meetings in our home congregation, ten miles apart, where 
we meet the first and third Sundays of each month, at one 
in the morning and the other in the evening of the same 
day, and we must fill them or see that they are filled. 
Grandpa Bmtcrbaugh helped me out once or twice in 
our home appointments. Then his health failed so that 
he has been able to do nothing since. Besides this we 
have the Sunday-school district secretary work to look 
after and our farm work at home. We have no good 
meetinghouses to preach in, but schoolhouses which some- 
times are cleaned and fairly well lighted, but generally 
to the contrary. While many of our dear brethren have 
their good homes and comfortable churchhouses for Sun- 
day-school and church services, we feel to ask them not 
to forget us as they may sec us. after reading this broken 
article, in the far West with so many disadvantages, yet 
among honest, starving, precious souls calling for the 
Bread of Life to be broken, and cannot be reached be- 
cause the harvest is great and the laborers few and the 
treasury too nearly empty. 

Perry. Okla., R. F. D. No. 2, Jan. 

In iS;4 he joined the German Baptist or Brethren church 
and became an active, consecrated worker for the Master. 
He was called to the ministry in 1881, in which he .served 
his calling faithfully, and was later ordained bishop, in 
which capacity he served his church well until on account 
of tailing health and by his request he was relieved from 
active service, but still remained an able counselor and 
assistant in church work, 

B'ro. Sliolty was a great worker ill the Brethren church, 
always found faithful in doing his duty to the church, try- 
ing to keep the little band of brethren and sisters who had 
chosen him as leader in peace and union, both by his kind 
words and also by his daily walk in life. He was an able 
expounder of the Gospel, gave forth no uncertain sound of 
the doctrine once delivered to the saints, and lived a life 
worthy of imitation by those with whom he came in con- 
tact. No grander tribute can be paid the memory of our 
departed brother and father in Israel than to say that he 
was an honest Christian brother, loved and respected by 
all who knew him. In the death of Bro. Sholty the com- 
panion has lost a loving and affectionate husband; the 
children a kind and loving father; the church an earnest 
and consecrated worker, and the community a respected 
neighbor and friend. 

While he has passed to his reward, his influence re- 
mains. Of him it may be truly said, " Blessed are the 
dead which die in the Lord from henceforth; yea, saith 
the Spirit, that they may rest from their labor, and their 
works do follow them." Funeral services were held in 
the M. E. church in the town ot Pioneer, conducted by 
the writer, assisted by Bro, E, M, Rittcnhousc and J, 1, 
Guthrie. The body was laid to rest in the cemetery near 
by, to sleep until the great resurrection morn, when it 
will again come forth, we believe, to bask in the sun- 
shine smiles of God's eternal ^lory. J. W. Keiser. 

A. J. Smith. 



Since my last report I have taught classes in several 
places, viz, one at Northwest mission in Baltimore. Here 
I had a goodly band of earnest workers, as they are also 
workers in many ways for the Lord. It seems to me that 
if all our people knew them as I know them with regard 
to the zeal manifested in the Lord's work, it would not 
be many weeks till the debt 011 their neat, plain house of 
worship would be raised. The amount would soon be 
paid off, and a happier band of worshipers could not be 
found anywhere. The class was small and the time too 
short to do all that I desired, but nevertheless the prog- 
ress of the class was very encouraging. 

In December I taught a class in Uniontown, I'a., where 
another wide-awake church may be found. The interest 
was such here that a subscription was stalled to have the 
lessons repeated .it the earliest dale possible that I can 

During the holidays I laugh! a class at Troutvillc, Va., 
ihis being the third session 1 have taught there. The 
people are a music-loving people and their old veteran 
leader, Bro. Jacob G. Layman, who has a really remark- 
able voice for a man of his age, has kept the singing 
spirit in the people for many years. As we met day and 
night wOdid the work in one week that is generally done 
in three weeks. The class learned fast and it was by far 
the best and most interesting of any yet taught at Trout- 

I am now at Waterloo, [owa, in the midst of by far the 
largest class I have ever taught. All seem very much in- 
terested, and the number in attendance seems to increase 
every night. From here I am to go i" Fhlora, 
taught two years ago, Tin 

where I 
to West Virginia. 

Geo. B. Holsinger. 

Bridgcwatcr, Va,, Jan. 14- 



something practical ought to grow out of our mis- prec 

Eld B. F. Sholty was born in York county, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 19. 1824. died in the Silver Creek church. 
Williams county. Ohio, Jan. 13. 1904, aged 79 years, 9 
months and 24 days. He was united in marriage to Juhan 
M. Mathias July 28. 1853- To their union were born Si) 
children, two sons and four daughters, three of 
eded him to the spirit world: 


At 1 his writing I am at home suffering with rheumatism, 
and I realize that in affliction there is no place like 
"home," While I have had a strong constitution and 
have been able to endure much hardship which I have 
done in serving the district continually for a number of 
years with much travel by private conveyance, now. as [ 
am uearing my sixtieth year, I am thinking that soon a 
change must be made in the nature of my work. And yet 
there the work is, as abundant and important as ever, and 
[ feel sure there are many efficient ministers 1.1 our Broth- 
erhood who are in a position that they could move to some 
n,w point and take charge of the work there which is al- 
ready begun. There arc several such places where a num- 
ber of members are living in a healthy and beautiful farm- 
ing country, and thickly settled. There are also other 
places in our district where we are anxious to have minis- 
ter, locate. We have about 175 members living near the 
Arkansas Valley in Colorado, where our winters especially 
are delightful. 

[ will be glad to correspond with such as are anxious 
about the Lord's work and have a desire to enter upon 
such work. Lastly, allow me to suggest to Brethren 
who have charge of minister? in conveying them to places 
,0 supply them with wraps. G. E. Studebaker. 

Rockyford, Colo., Jan. 11. 


Masonry is finely illusion by the following story : 
Two gentlemen met at a time, and one of *«" J»^ 
beautiful trunk which excited the curiosity of the 
o h r He became very anxious to know what was 
m t so, after a time, the owner of the trunk tod h.m 
for so much money he might see; he pa.d ,t over 
and the trunk was opened, but to his m that 
was another still smaller and more curious w th 1. o 
wi „, increased interest, and excitement doubled, the 
duped man wanted to know what was ,n «*»» 
so much more he could see. He paid ,t over, and 
was opened, and behold, in that was another still 
smaller, but exquisitely fine and attractive. Deeply 
chagrined and woefully disappointed, the deceived 
gentleman demanded to know what it contained For 
an increased sum of hard cash, he might see He tad 
paid so much, which he should lose if he did no pro- 
Led, and being quite well assured by hints and alk 
that the valuable object of his search must be in that 
nice little trunk, and it was next to certain, the price 
was paid, and that was opened; and to the great as- 
tonishment of the duped, deceived, defrauded man in 
to, .here was not anything, and he could only turn 
away with disgust and seorn at his own stupidity.- 
Christitm Cynosure. 

\, , virtue lies in strength of character or of moral 
purpose; for the gentle winning qualities arise into 
virtue only when pervaded and sustained by moral 
energy.— W. E. Chaining. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-Ja nuary 23, i°Q4- 

real person. Such a one will appear before his class 
with a bright, cheerful countenance, lookmg up and 
hoping; innocence settling on her brow; eyes spark- 
ing with earnestness; lips from which fall the sweet 
words of promise and sympathy ; hands free and open 
ready to do acts of kindness and deeds of love, feet 
swift to aid the needy; and a heart so pure that even 
scorners cannot ridicule. This is a living mode and 
such a model is as necessary to moulding the future 
destiny of a child as a clay model is to the sculptor 

Let the " perfect model, the man Christ Jesus, be 
seen through the veil of flesh. Then the *PP™ 
before a class or Sunday-school meeting will be none 
other than it should. A hypocrite can do no good 
and lasting teachings, for his voice w, 1 (sooner or 
later) betray him and his associates or class will con- 
demn, not themselves, but with the same teaching will 
they condemn the teacher. 

New Carlisle. Ohio. 

Lesson for Jan. 31, I9°4- 


Our appearance, as teachers, before our classes has 
much to do towards teaching. 

reaching, or what we call teaching, is not true 
genuine teaching when the teacher has not the out- 
ward appearance of the inner manifestations of the 


Teaching the principles of Christ as the true re- 
ligion is different from teaching school, conducting a 
class in science or methematics, or tutoring a class 111 
language. In order to teach school one must "have 
a certificate." In order to teach science, Newton's 
'• First Principles," Galileo's " Laws of Motion." 
" Molecular and Ether Dynamics " have to be well 

In order to teach language to advantage, the teach- 
er must be able to write and speak correctly the 
language to be taught. 

Then when it comes to teaching the spiritual truths, 
the truths of God and his scheme of redemption, a 
knowledge of them and bis plans is absolutely neces- 
sary. To gain a proper knowledge of him and his 
wonderful works, we must be taught of Christ by his 
Spirit. When once we get our instructions from the 
school of the Great Teacher, when, after we have ma- 
triculated by baptism, we are promoted by faithfulness 
and awarded the diploma of redemption, signed by 
the faculty of heaven and sealed by the Holy Ghost, 
and receive the great commission. " Go ye therefore, 
and teach." we can go forth as teachers of God in 
the world, assured our teaching will not be in vain. 
Like parent, like child, is applicable to teacher and 
pupil. Enthusiasm is catching-. The teacher filled 
with the Word and fired with zeal cannot fail to in- 
spire those in his presence with convictions and de- 

A teacher may convict his class, but if his teach- 
ing ends there, it is not complete. If. after the pu- 
pil has been convicted, made conscious of sin, he has 
not been inspired to be good and do right, that teacher 
has made a failure of teaching. Therefore, first, I 
would have a teacher whose life reflects the " life di- 
vine." whose heart has changed from the old. selfish 
heart of stone to a generous, missionary heart of love. 
Then the outward appearance will simply reveal the 

Golden T«t-« ye continue in my word, .hen are ye 
my disciples.— John 8:31. 

After the Christ was driven from Nazareth, the 
city of his nativity, he went over to Capernaum, on the 
shore of Galilee, which place he made his headquar- 
ters from which his power and influence were to go 
out into the surrounding cities and counfl-y. And in 
thus starting out in his active mission there were two 
things that he had especially in view. All the other 
things which he did were incidental to these two 

The first was, to establish his claims as the Son 
of God, the man of prophecy, the Savior of the world. 
This he did by showing to the people his God-wisdom 
and power in the manner of his preaching, in the per- 
forming of miracles, healing the people of their 
diseases, and telling them that the kingdom of heaven 
was at hand. 

The second thing was calling to himself, in a special 
way. learners or disciples who were to learn from him 
the principles and doctrines of the new kingdom and 
perpetuate them by preaching and practicing them to 
the world. 

In our lesson of to-day, we have the calling of the 
first four— three of them named in this Scripture les- 
son, and the name of the fourth one will be found in 
Mark I : 16-21. A study of this call is a very inter- 
esting one when we consider the importance of it and 
the bearing it was destined to have on the future of 
the new kingdom. Great men are called to fill great 
positions, and of all the great ones to be entrusted to 
1 he human kind, this was the greatest. They were to 
be placed at the head of one of the most glorious 
kingdoms that ever had been or ever would be estab- 
lished on the earth— a Kingdom, not of men. but of 
God. To fill a position so high, so great, so respon- 
sible, who would be called? The greatest among the 
great, the wisest of among the wise? Yes, we would 
naturally suppose so. Were there great men in those 
days ? Yes, there were notable dignitaries in the Jew- 
ish church, men who stood for wisdom in the Jewish 
Sanhedrim, well posted in the law of Moses and the 
writings of the prophets. Were these four chosen 
from this body ? It seems not. because the ones named 
were seemingly men of no repute outside of the fish- 
erman's circle. If they had homes of their own it is 
not so named. Perhaps the only possessions they had 
were half interests in small boats, nets and fishing 
tackle ; and all the education they had was gotten in a 
Jewish common school taught in the basement of the 
synagogue— reading and writing with the arithmetic 
omitted. So that, commonly speaking, they were 
classed among the unlearned and ignorant. 

Strange as it may seem, they were men, no doubt, 
well fitted for the high and holy calling into which 
they were called. It must be remembered that Christ 
was not an educator, as the term is now used. It was 
not science and man-made philosophies that the world 
needed, so much as principles for right living, to carry- 
out more fully the law of love one to another as 

social and religious beings. And to get men to teach 
and live this he wanted men who had little to unlearn 
and all to learn. He himself was the great Teacher, 
and to be a graduate under the tutorage of the Son of 
God, the embodiment of all wisdom, was a thousand 
times better preparation than a graduate diploma from 
the best college the country had to give. He chose 
from among the people men who had capacity to re- 
ceive; and it was a small thing for him to fill them 
with all needed wisdom. 

The meeting and calling of these men were very 
simple He met them as fishermen. And before call- 
,ng them he got their assent in a very peculiar man- 
ner-within their own scope of vision. He intensified 
their work by giving success after a most signal fail- 
ure "Master, we have toiled all night, and have 
taken nothing." Practical fishermen, yet a failure. 
They tried hard, had much patience and perseverance, 
as all good fishermen must have. All n.ght-a re- 
markable stick-to-it test-and still a failure. They 
pulled their boats to shore, washed their nets and de- 
cided to wait till the coming evening. The Master 
now came and got use of the boats that he might teach 
the rftople, and then asked these fishermen to make 
another trial: "Launch out into the deep. They, 
perhaps, had been fishing too near the shore. They 
did as he said, perhaps because of his teaching or to 
show him that thev had made every possible effort, 
and that the failure was no fault of theirs But 
imagine their astonishment as they now drew the net 
fulf of fishes.. In fact they at once recognized two 
things • first, that this man indeed was the Son of God; 
and "second, that he had power to turn a Complete 
failure into a glorious success. They were fully con- 
vinced and therefore ready for the call. " Fear not: 
from henceforth thou shall catch men." It was a pic- 
ture lesson of what their future should be. Without 
Jesus thev could do nothing-with him a fullness to 
overflowing. It was enough. They saw, they be- 
lieved, they went. "They forsook all and followed | 

What are the lessons? (1) When the Lord wants I 
men he takes them as he finds them, and he has work ! 
for us all to do; but he wants willing, love service. I 
(2 ) He calls none until he first gives satisfactory evi-1 
dence of authority and the assurance of needed help. 
(■») He wants only those who are willing to forsake all! 
ami gladlv follow him. (4) It teaches us that we yieedl 
have no fears as to success. What are failures without I 
Jesus will prove glorious success with him. (5) 1 "I 
fitness we need to do the work unto which he calls! 
us is strong faith and a loving, willing heart. ( b ) W I 
to find, we must go out into the deep-go where the I 

- , H. B. " 

hsh are. 

"oUfTprayer mee ting 

15: 8, 9- 

For Week Ending Jan. 30. 1904. 

, Holiness of Heart and Life the Foundation of P«y«l 
' No use to lift up our hands if they are not holy (I 
Tim 2-8); nor must we approach the golden altar «| 
incense to offer praise before we have washed awa)l 
the filfhiness of flesh and spirit at the laver of Goo* 
truth by confession. (2 Cor. 7: 1). 
2. Fervency of Spirit the Prevailer in Prayer. It was M 
importunate widow who got her plea granted (Luk ■ 
,8-S)- it was the persistent friend who got his neeo. 
supplied (Luke .1:8); and it was the incessant knoc J 
ing of Peter which caused the inmates to let him 11W 
the house (Acts 12:16). 
3. Faithfulness the Backbone of Prayer. Faithfulness 
may manifest itself in two ways: (1) consistency » 
fidelity to the Word of God in whole-hearted obeOj 
ence; (2) fullness of faith, that is. an unhesitating affj 
unceasing confidence and trust in God. 1 Peter 4: 7 
4 Speaking to the Lord is Prayer. True prayer is noil 
mere show and display of empty words, nor is it 
floating upon the balloon of honeyed phrases by «| 
aid of human eloquence, inflating the mind with se J 
conceit;" but it is simply telling the Lord the hear.l 
need, the longings for a better and higher life than >| 
have ever known, and which we would like to en)0!| 
Philpp. 4:6. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 





O Lord, we need thy help to-day 

To guide us in our work! 
O help us with our daily task 

And never let us shirk; 
For boys to-day are being lost- 
Lost in this world of strife, — 
And if there is no helping hand 
Extended to protect this band 

They'll lose eternal life. 
O Lord, we crave thy gracious power, 

O help the boys to-day! 
And may we do our'part to help 

These lads upon thy way; 
For Satan lurks to lure them on, — 

To lure them into deepest sin, — 
And if they do not know thy love 
That thou hast showered from above 

They'll fail eternal life to win. 
Then, Lord, look down upon the boys 

And help them on their way, 
That all that vigor, vim and noise 

That they so much display 
May turn to work and toil for good 

And help the lost to free. 
For there's a power within the boy. 
So full of hope and life and joy, 

That should be saved for thee. 
Fostoria, Ohio. 

kindness and firmness, a meeting of strength and 

It is so easy to be kind to one's self, so easy to ex- 
cuse one's self for doing what you would not excuse in 
someone else. It is so easy to blame someone else 
for something that may have happened, which if it 
had happened in your hands would have been lightly 
passed over. 

As to one's self, however, it pays best of all to be 
firm there. Here is a case of charity beginning at 
home. It is charity to be strict with one's self, while 
looking with forbearance upon the mistakes of others. 

It is a rare gift to possess kindness and firmness 
alike. Thrice happy is that man who is as kind as he 
is firm. Thrice happy is that woman who is as firm 
as she is kind. But because the combination is rare, 
is all the more reason why it should be desired. No 
wonder the non-Christian languages lack words for 
the expression of it. It is so rare as to be very pre- 
cious, even in Christian homes. 

Bulsar, India. 


So often if we cannot do the great things we will do 
nothing. Is this God's way? Of him that was given 
one talent, two were expected, and of him that was 
given five, ten were expected. If I have but a penny, 
and give it at a sacrifice, God will bless me. If you 
have the ability to give a loving smile to a sorrowing 
soul, or speak a kind word to one who hears nothing 
but curses, and sees nothing but frowns, if you cart 
do nothing but go to God in humble, silent prayer in 
behalf of your earnest minister, your Sunday school or 

prayer meeting, God will bless you. 

O ! that \ffc had more devoted souls that could feel 

that it is their little that makes the work move on. 

What an illustrious army would march against the foe! 

Little grains of sand make our mighty continents, little 

drops of water make the great ocean, little works of 

love make our Savior's jewels. God grant more light 

at the portholes. 
Walnut, Kam. 





In a translation lesson about five years ago, we 
came to the expression cited above. There was no 
word to suit, and to give the equivalent of it we had 
to write out a whole long sentence. Kindness and 
firmness together are as rare as they are praiseworthy. 
All the world over kindness is appreciated. In the 
comfortable American home, as well as in the India 
hut, to be kind is to be virtuous. Being kind-hearted 
covers a multitude of other failures. Everybody ap- 
preciates kindness, even though it be but a cheery 
word. Horses know it, cows know it, birds know it, 
if they have, a kind master. But, above all, the in- 
fluence on children is perhaps the greatest. 

Some years ago the action of an over-kind mother 
came under my notice. Her little one, at the table 
with others of us, cried for something that was clear 
to all it had better not have. Mother said, " I ought 
not to give this to you, for you have had enough," 
and then promptly handed it to the child. Why did 
she do so? So it wouldn't cry. This was really an 
nnkindness to the child. It had already learned that its" 
mother was not to be relied upon in what she said, 
so when she said 110, it just cried that much the 
louder. With children, that's the time to spank, and 
not to yield. And if grace is given to the mother, she 
knows that this statement is true. 

On the other hand, over-done firmness is an unkind- 
ness too. A father once told his little son to get his 
lessons well, as it was costing considerable to continue 
to send him to school. One day his grade was lower 
than usual, and the father got out of patience with the 
lad. " Papa," he said, " I did my very best, and I 
couldn't help it. I just couldn't help it." But the 
father, having the idea that his word must be strictly 
regarded as law. fell to and whipped the child in 
anger. With children, such an experience is most 
discouraging. This is rather the time to help. It is 
the time for prayer. And if grace is given to the 
father, he knows that this statement is true. 

As a usual thing the father is more firm, and the 
mother is more kind. Perhaps this may be given as 
reason why the good Lord so arranged that a happy 
home is completely so with both father and mother 
there. Let father be more firm, and mother be more 
kind; anything but a soft, pliable father, — anything 
but a harsh, scolding mother. With father more firm, 
and mother more kind there is a beautiful union of 

The effect of cigarette hsing by young boys would 
be a startling revelation to many of their mothers if 
they understood the alarming proportions to which 
it has grown in this country. 

A magistrate in Harlem court. New York, made the 
following significant declaration the other day: 

" Yesterday I had before me thirty-five boy prison- 
ers. Thirty-three of them were confirmed cigarette 
smokers. To-day, from a reliable source, I have made 
the grewsome discovery that two of the largest cigar- 
ette manufacturers in this country soak their product 
in a weak solution of opium. 

The fact that out of thirty-five prisoners thirty-three 
smoked cigarettes might seem to indicate some direct 
connection between cigarettes and crime. 

And when it is announced on authority that most 
cigarettes are doped with opium, this connection is not 
hard to understand. 

The cigarette is to young boys very much like what 
whiskey is to grown men. If it does not directly cause 
crime it at least accompanies it in nine cases out of 

It must be universally admitted that the majority of 
young boys addicted to cigarettes are generally regard- 
ed as bad boys. It is an addiction that does not ally 
itself with the high virtues of manly youth. It leads 
to bad associations and bad environment. He must be 
a strange boy indeed who can derive moral and physi- 
cal good from cigarettes. 

Opium is like whiskey — it creates an increasing ap- 
petite that grows with what it feeds upon. Even pure 
tobacco has the same effect. 

The growing boy who lets tobacco and opium get 
a hold upon his senses is never long in coming under 
the domination of whiskey, too. 

Tobacco is the boy's easiest and most direct road to 
whiskey. When opium is added, the young man's 
chance of resisting the combined forces and escaping 
physical, mental and moral harm is slim indeed. 

It is a deadly combination in most cases. There are 
few, if any, cases in which it is not more or less harm- 
ful. Stomach and nerves and will power weakened 
for life is the common result, even though the habit 
finally be mastered. 

From Jan. I, 1903, to Jan, i, 1904, we had twelve 
business meetings with an average attendance of nine. 
We have fifteen active members and five honorary 

Our receipts in cash salt's ami donations amounted to 

Amount paid out for material, $29.49. 

Amounts paid out in cash donations to home work, 
twenty-five dollars ; towards the erection of a Breth- 
ren church, Pittsburg, Pa., $94.25; to the support of 
an orphan in our India Orphanage, sixteen dollars. 

Value of donations to different missions in the form 
of clothing, etc., $41.35, besides many pieces of gar- 
ments to the needy ones at home, 

Ida Fike, Sec. 

Jan. 5. 

m 1 


We meet once a month, unless we have meetings. 
For the year ending Oct. 29, 11)03. we held thirteen 
meetings. We have twenty members on the roll ; 
average attendance, eight. The collections from be- 
nevolent, active members for the year were $22.05. 
We pieced three comforters and two quilts; made and 
sent nineteen garments to Staunton, Va. ; sent one 
box to New York, valued at $6.75; sent $5 to foreign 
missions, helping the needy of our own congregation 
first. We have not as large a report as some, as wc 
arc not a wealthy society, but, thank the Lord, wc can 
all spare a little, and by the grace of God wc are en- 
couraged to go on in the good work of the Lord. F. Browhr, Sec. 

K. D. No. 3, Waynesboro. Va.. Jan. 7. . 



Mr. Moody told of a man who was at sea, and, be- 
ing very seasick, was confined to his room. Hearing 
of a man that had just fallen overboard, he desired to 
help rescue him, but being unable to get out to assist 
he seized a light and held it to the porthole. The 
drowning man was going down the third time when 
the gleam of that light struck him, and the man in the 
lifeboat, seeing his hand, grasped it and hauled him 
in. thus saving his life. 

It was a very small thing, to hold the light to the 
porthole, but it saved the man's life. So it is with us. 

A lady the other day was speaking of Jewish fam- 
ily life. She said, "Our Hebrew neighbors teach 
tlieir young children and their boys and girls to be con- 
siderate of their elders and very deferential to their 
parents and the aged. They pay great attention to 
the infirm and are kind to the poor, and they remember 
the scriptural injunction. 'Thou shall rise up at the 
hoary head,' " 

Might not Christians with profit, imitate the copy 
set them by their Hebrew friends, so far as reverence 
is concerned, for the old and for those in positions of 


» ■ 


" ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, who, in the abun- 
dance of thy goodness, dost exceed the deserts as well 
as the desires of thy suppliants, pour forth upon us 
thy mercy, that thou mayest forgive those things 
whereof our conscience is afraid, and add unto us 
those things which our prayer dareth not to ask, 
through Jesus Christ our Lord," 





Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Comm.ttee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 

I J H. Mooim, - - Offie« Editor. 

D. L. Milieu,,», ) ^ m*h»», A»oci»K Ed.ior. 

H. B. B«o»BAOcn, Ft, > En.lor.. u»» M»>«n. 
H C Eably, Virffinia, 1 ,v ' 

..01 n»»., »" * «""• <"•"" '""" 

Adeiwm Cm**tl*"' 

„, individual connec ltd with II. 

~j^d"„ th. P... Olnc. .1 Elgin, III.. .. frcd-cl... »■»..»_ 

A Bible normal, with Bro. Souder as teacher, was 
commenced at Shel don, Iowa, Jan. 2 0. 

Bro J. K. Sbively, of Newville, N. Dak., should 
hereafter be addres sed at Etna, sam e State. 

THE Bible Institute at Bridgewater, Va„ opened Jan. 
,o. Each evening Bro. I. D. Parker will preach in the 
college chapel. 

The Messenger contains much correspondence this 
week. We had to make room for some of it on one 
of the essay pages. 

The Brethren in West Dayton, Ohio, are in the 
midst of a protracted meeting. So far eight have 
applied for member ship. 

At the late district conference held at Manvel, Tex- 
as Bro. J. A. Miller was chosen to represent Texas 
and Louisiana on t he next Standin g Committee. 

Bro. B. F. Miller, of Dallas Center, Iowa/will be 
permitted to respond to a few calls during February 
and March. Those wishing his services in a meeting 
can write him. 

The Mission Board of Northeastern Kansas has 
secured the services of Bro. James M. Neff for the 
Kansas City mission. He is to take charge of the 
work as soon as he can arrange to do so. 

Bho. II. W. Krieghbaum, of South Bend, Ind., gave 
us a very brief call last week. We regret that he could 
not remain longer, but a funeral in his neighborhood 
the next day made his immediate return home nec- 

Though wc printed an extra amount of the Mes- 
senger for the three weeks thus far in January, the 
supply is now exhausted, and the new subscriptions, re- 
ceived after this date, will have to commence with the 

first issue in February. 

Bro. Wm. Howe has just returned from Louisiana 
and Texas and may now be addressed at 400 W. Mar- 
shall St., Norristown, Pa. Next spring and summer 
he expects to do some revival work in the west. He 
is to be at Roanoke, 111., in May. 

Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger is now at Waterloo, Iowa, 
with by far the largest class in music he ever taught. 
He is having some refreshing seasons and a great 
deal of inspiring and uplifting music. On another 
page he tells about some of his doings. 

Those who read the Swedish language should send 
35 cents to the General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee, Elgin. Ill, and receive for one year The Evan- 
gclii Budbirarc, a sixteen-page monthly, published in 
Malmo, Sweden. The paper is edited by Bro. A. W. 
Vaniman, and is published in the interest of our mis- 
sion work in Denmark and Sweden. 

After carefully examining "The Book of Books." 
which we are sending to our ministers, Bro. H. C. 
Early writes : " ' The Book of Books,' the last and 
best book yet put out by the Gish Committee, was re- 
ceived last week. It is after my idea of the character 
of books needed by our ministers. It was well se- 
lected, and shows the good judgment of the com- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-January 23 . I9°4- 

, E " revival at Lanark, conducted by Bro C. B. 

Smith, is producing excellent results. So far nine 

L com/out on the Lord's side, and the member 

and others who attend the services have been hfted 

- to a higher religious plane. 

Next March the British and Foreign Bible Society 
will complete the first century of its existence With- 
out note or comment this society has prmted the Word 
of God, in whole or in part, in about 37° languages, 
thus enabling millions, in all parts of the earth, to 
read the Scriptures. The work thus accomphshed has 
been wonderful. The hand of God is in it. 

h is said that during the "last century 204,54° J ews 
accepted the Christian faith and were baptized. 
These figures probably do not represent the whole 
number, but they show that there is a remnant of the 
jews prepared to accept Christ. And why should 
there not be? All of the apostles were Jews, and so 
were most of the converts during the early decades of 


Buo. Chas. M. Yearout is booked for a pubhc de- 
bate with a Disciple minister by the name of Chas. W. 
Montgomery. The discussion is to be held in the 
Antioch church, Franklin County, Va., and will come 
off the last week in January or the first week in Febru- 
ary Each disputant affirms that his church possesses 
Bible characteristics entitling her to be called the 

church of Christ. 

This far the Gish Fund has supplied our ministers 
with about 25,000 books, and yet there are over 3°° 
preachers who have never ordered a book. In a case, 
arranged for the purpose, is a card for each of our 
preachers. When a minister orders a book it is en- 
tered on his card, so by glancing at these cards we 
can tell who has ordered books and who has not. As 
time goes by this case is going to contain an inter- 
esting piece of history. Look at the list of Gish 
Books on page fifty-two of the Brethren Almanac. 
Do you have all of them? If you do, your card here 
in the office tells the story. 

In Smyrna, Asia Minor, there is yet a remnant of the 
faithful. We are in receipt of a good letter signed by 
eight who have kept the faith and remain steadfast. 
They are full of love and zeal, and long for the re- 
turn of their minister. Bro. Demetrius Chirighotis, 
who is now attending school at Mt. Morris, to more 
fully prepare himself for the work of the ministry. 
Sometime during the present year our brother will re- 
sume his work in Smyrna, gather up the scattered 
sheep and encourage them in the way of true holiness 
and true obedience. They all look forward to that 
time, knowing that their brother will have much to 
tell them. We cannot help thinking that the Lord 
had a hand in the planting of the seed that took root 
in the hearts of many in that city and brought them to 
Christ, and in the Lord's own good time the work will 
again be revived. Brethren, do not forget to pray for 
the little band of members in Smyrna, and when the 
work does start up again, let hundreds come to the 
support of the mission. 

In our review of the Popular and Critical Bible En- 
cyclopedia, last week, the name of the publishers at 
I7 ,-i7, Fifth Avenue, Chicago, should have been 
Howard-Severence Co., instead of Howard Leverence 

Co - i 1 „ 

A. very good program has been arranged tor the 
Bible and Ministerial Institute of Northern Indiana 
to be held in the Union Center Church, commencing 
Feb 1 and continuing to the 15th. A large attendance 
is desired. For further information write the sec- 
retary, E. L. Heest and, Elkhart, In d. 

Bro D L. Miller's meetings at Inglewood, Cal„ 
have been well attended from the start. The people 
not only attend well but they give close attention to 
the Word preached. On the evening of Jan. 12 he 
preached his fiftieth sermon since reaching California. 
By this it can be s een that he has not been idle, 

Bro D L. Forney and family will leave India 
about Feb. 15, and reach New York the latter part of 
March Their first landing will be at Naples, Italy, 
and from there they sail to New York, and then come 
on to Cerrogordo, 111. Possibly they may visit Cali- 
fornia. On page 59, this issue, will be found a com- 
munication from B ro. Forney. 

/"The authorities in Chicago are closing a number of 
churches in the city, holding that they are not safe 
places for people in case of a fire. Some of the lodge 
halls are being closed for the same reason. Now, as 
the Messenger views it, all of this is right and prop- 
er People should not be ftivited to enter a death trap 
to worship God. or for any other purpose. Rooms in- 
tended for the public should be made safe. But why 
not be as much concerned about the welfare of the 
people who frequent the saloons and gambling dens 
in a great city like Chicago, or any other city for that 
matter' Not a year goes by that more people are not 
put to death in these evil places than were burned to 
death in the Iroquois theater. In the saloons and 
■ rambling dens, taking it the country over, men are put 
to death by the score, and little attention seems to be 
paid to it. In fact the saloons are, either directly or 
indirectly, responsible for more deaths and misery than 
all the wars of America. We say close every public 
building not made safe, and then close every saloon 
and gambling hall for the reason that they lead to 
more disaster than a dozen theater fires. 

A minister calls attention to the quiet work of a 
sister in his congregation, and the results of her ef- 
forts. She has a class of young people, and makes it 
her business to teach that class and keep herself in 
close touch with each of her pupils. She understands 
each pupil and they understand her. When Sunday 
morning comes every member of that class goes pre- 
pared for the recitation, and the teacher ap- 
pears before her class well prepared. She seems 
to have two purposes in view in all her 
work. First, to teach her class the way of the 
Lord as perfectly as she knows how, and secondly, to 
see that each one is led to Christ. As a result there is 
every now and then an applicant for membership from 
her class. It is to that class that the minister looks 
for many of the converts that come to the church from 
time to time. We need more of diat kind of teachers 
all over the Brotherhood, and a special effort should 
be made to find them. We need teachers who can 
teach their pupils the way of the Lord more perfectly 
and thereby be the means of leading them to Christ. 


f On Monday of last week there was a very pleasant 
gathering in the Mount Morris College chapel. The 
purpose of the meeting was to celebrate the fiftieth an- 
niversary of Bro. J. G. Royer's experience as a teach- 
er. Jan. 11, 1854. at the age of sixteen. Bro. Royer 
commenced his first term as a teacher in the country 
schools of Pennsylvania, and has taught every year 
since, going from the country to the city schools, and 
then to the presidency of the Mt. Morris College. It 
will thus be seen that he has been in the harness right 
along, without missing a year for a half century. As 
a teacher and a preacher Bro. Royer does not believe 
in reaching the dead line at the age of fifty, or even 
after an active experience covering fully fifty years. 
The man has been a hard worker all his life, and to- 
day, at the age of sixty-six years, can do as much 
work as half of the men under twenty-five. And, bj 
the way, he has no high college degree. Like Trum- 
bull and some others, he needed none. He simply 
worked— persistently worked— and that gave him the 
eminent proficiency so fully displayed in his career 
as a teacher. We certainly congratulate him. We 
would like to live long enough to. see him round out 
another fifty years as a teacher. 


Those who are writing so earnestly against human 
interpretations of the Bible should bear in mind that 
they are only human themselves, and that everything 
they write or say is purely human. It is only a ques- 
tion as to whether we shall accept the interpretations 
of these human complainers or the interpretations of- 
fered bv some other human being. The man who op- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 


, ses the interpretation presented by another simply 
'7 die ground that it is human, is living in a glass 
f ' us e and does not have understanding enough to 
I w it He would have great reasons for rejoicing 
■f the people could be induced to accept the meaning 
' app ears to extract from the Word of God, but 
jHhey accept that which some one else offers it is all 

""where the Word is plain and the meaning clear, 
take it as it reads, needing no one to explain it. 
« u t there are parts of the Bible not so easily under- 
wood hence the importance of some interpretation. 
\t best such interpretations, whether made by one per- 
son or by a thousand, are human, and we have very 
little respect for the judgment of the writer or speak- 
er w ho endeavors to make it appear that such views 
are wrong merely because they come from man. A 
Scripture needing interpretation has to be explained by 
some one. So far as man figures in it, it is only a 
question of which man : The man who offers the in- 
terpretation or the man who condemns it solely because 
it is human. ^_-_— —^ == 


portance of genuine repentance and thorough con- 

This is a day of general looseness in preaching as 
well as in living. Some of the churches are glad to 
get people just as they are. They ask them neither to 
believe nor to repent. They take all this and much 
more for granted. In the midst of this looseness we 
need much old-time gospel preaching. We need such 
lessons" on repentance as were given by John the Bap- 
tist, Peter and Paul. These earnest proclaimers of the 
truth were not afraid to tell the people what to do. 
They did not tell the unconverted man to conic just 
as lie was. He was told to show his repentance by 
his fruit; to repent and be converted. More of this 
kind of preaching all over the land would drive con- 
viction to the hearts of the sinners, and they would be 
heard calling out, " Men and brethren, what must 
we do? " 


We believe that a mistake is made by urging people 
lo come to the church just as they are. We even 
sing that way. The New Testament justifies no such 
a course. Both the bride and the Spirit say come. 
In fact, the invitation is extended to every creature, 
but no one is told to come just as he is. There is 
something required of each and every person who 
comes to Christ. 

On the day of Pentecost those who desired to come 
to Christ and unite with the church were told to re- 
pent and be baptized. Peter did not urge them to come 
just as they were. There was something for them 
to do, and they were required to do it before they 
could be added to the believers. Even John the Bap- 
list, preaching in the twilight of Christianity, demand- 
ed of the people that they bring forth fruit meet for 
repentance. He earnestly preached the baptism of 
repentance for the remission of sins. 

Cornelius, one of the best unconverted men named 
'in the New Testament, could not come to Christ just 
as he was, though he was a praying man and abound- 
| ed in charitable works. He was instructed" to send 
for Peter who would tell him words whereby he and 
his house should be saved. Saul of Tarsus, though a 
chosen vessel, could not come to Christ just as he 
was. The Lord met him on the way, commended him 
to go to Damascus and there it should be told him what 
to do. After days of godly sorrow and deep repen- 
tance, that earnest preacher, Ananias, told him to arise 
and be baptized and wash away his sins, calling on the 
name of the Lord. He complied with the conditions 
and was then numbered with the saved. 

And so the idea of doing something before coming 
to Christ, or, rather, doing something in order to reach 
Christ and the church, runs all through the Gospel, 
lien are told to believe, to be converted, to repent, to 
confess their sins, to pray, to turn away from their 
sins and to be baptized. In Acts 3 : 19 Peter presents 
the principle forcibly in these words : " Repent ye 
therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be 
blotted out." 
The people need to be told that they are sinners, 
I aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, that they are 
in a lost condition, and if they die in their sins the 
promise of life and happiness beyond the grave can- 
not be theirs. They should be urged to believe on the 
Lord Jesus, to repent of their sins, to confess Christ 
with their mouth, put on Christ in the holy act of bap- 
tism and enter upon a new and better life. Let them 
understand that in order to come to Christ they must 
turn away from their sins and everything that is sin- 
ful and resolve to live a life of obedience. 
Instead of the sinners coming to Christ just as he is, 
I he wants to come as a penitent believer. If this is his 
condition, then he may come as he is, feeling and even 
knowing that Jesus will help him to get rid of his 
great burden of sin, and make of him a better man. 
It is thorough repentance that we need to insist upon. 
People should be taught to bring forth fruits meet for 
repentance. We cannot too strongly urge the im- 

The more one studies the New Testament, the more 
fully does he become convinced that during the apos- 
tolic period a greater amount of attention was given 
to gospel principles than to methods. True, they had 
their methods, but they did not place as much stress 
on them as some people are disposed to place on 
methods in these days. There was probably a reason 
for this. 

The gospel principles came to them direct from the 
Master. They were presented in all their beauty and 
force. As their Teacher presented them, one at a time, 
they were both charmed and surprised. Such a fine 
system of teaching they never before heard. They 
listened, admired, believed and became captivated. 
During the three and a half years that the Master was 
with his chosen few, these unchangeable gospel prin- 
ciples were completely ground into them, and became 
a part of their very mental and soul make-up. 

The coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pen- 
tecost sealed them to God for the work that was to be 
entrusted to them. Thus sealed and with the gospel 
principles fresh in their minds, they went out into 
the world for the purpose of teaching these principles 
to others. They thought comparatively little of meth- 
ods. It was sufficient if they could succeed in per- 
suading the masses to accept and carry out the heaven- 
born principles. They knew, as all others should 
know, that if the people could be made to see the 
importance of these principles, there would be little 
trouble about the methods. 

We have a clear illustration of this in the eleventh 
chapter of Paul's first letter to the members at Cor- 
inth, where the prayer covering is treated. Here Paul 
deals with the principle, telling the saints what the 
will of God is concerning men having their heads un- 
covered, and the women having theirs covered, dur- 
ing religious services. The principle is clearly stated, 
but there is no attempt at method. The apostle's pur- 
pose was to get the believers to accept the principle, 
baing fully convinced that the method would settle it- 
self. In fact, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, 
he did not want to commit to writing his idea of meth- 
od to carry out the principle he was teaching, for he 
knew that methods would necessarily change, especi- 
ally in the matter of attire. 

In those days the women had a way of appropriately 
covering their heads when it was deemed proper to do 
so. They had the method, and all they needed to do 
was to put it to a sacred use when circumstances re- 
quired. When once they accepted the principle, in full 
faith, thev would easily find an appropriate way of 
covering their heads when engaged ifi prayer or any 
other form of worship. 

An instance of this kind occurred in India a few 
years ago. Bro. Stover was holding a service, with a 
number of the native women in the audience. He 
read First Corinthians 11. and when he reached that 
part of the chapter, where Paul recommends the ve.l- 
ing of the head during prayer and prophesying, every 
native woman immediately drew her sari over her 
head and so remained during the rest of the service. 
Without anv instruction whatever they saw the prin- 
ciple and accepted it. And having accepted the prin- 

ciple, the method was at hand. Had Bro. Stover under- 
taken to teach the method first and the principle later, 
he would have met with obstacles difficult to remove. 
Nearly two centuries ago the sisters of the Breth- 
ren church accepted this prayer covering principle, 
taught by Paul, and at once put it into practice by 
making use of the cap, then regarded as a suitable 
covering for special occasions. Having fully em- 
braced the Paul-given gospel principle, there was no 
difficulty about the method. ["hey did not inquire aft- 
er the method called into use by the ancient sisters at 
Corinth. Or, perhaps they knew enough about the 
New Testament to understand that no specially-en- 
joined method had been transmitted in the writings of 
the apostle. For them the accepting of the principle 
was sufficient, while the method was an easy matter. 
From all this, we. in these kilter days, may learn 
a lesson. We notice thai Paul first taught the prin- 
ciple without saying one word about the method. He 
was anxious that the members at Corinth, as well as 
elsewhere, should accept the principle he was pre- 
senting. This once effected, the rest would he an 
easy matter. This is the course pursued by those who 
were, early' in the reformatory movement, represented 
by the Brethren. They taught the principle, and in 
each instance referred to (he chapter and verse for il. 
That is just what we should d" in both our preach- 
ing and writing. If we accept the prayer covering, 
or rather veil, as the apostle has it, as a principle, then 
we need to give this gospel principle due emphasis in 
our teaching. The people must first be convinced that 
it is a divinely-authorized principle, having attached lo 
it the seal of God. With Ibis once settled in the minds 
„( the people, we are going lo have very link' trouble 
about the method. That problem, in our form of wor- 
ship, will solve itself. 

Il is believed that we have some members who do 
not accept this principle. They have never been con- 
vinced that the prayer veil is a gospel principle. In 
such instances it is useless lo talk about method. 
When one fails to accept the principle, the method 
is of no importance whatever. To adopt the method 
without believing in the principle is simply lo have the 
form without the spirit. People "1 ibis class need in- 
struction regarding the principle, hill none whatever 
respecting method. .Members may honestly differ 
from the main body "f the church regarding the best 

method of carrying o'ul this principle. Ian Hie, ighl 

to be no difference about the principle. We ought to ac 
cept the principle in full faith, and then we will be in a 
position to labor prayerfully for harmony in method. 
There are denominations thai have given loo little 
attention to the principle involved in what Paul says 
about the covering question. In fad. most of ihcn 
have set the apostle's teachings on the subject en- 
tirely aside. On the other hand, the Brethren, as a 
body, have recognized the principle, and have also giv- 
en all necessary attention to method. There are, pos- 
sibly, those who place undue stress on method, but 
whatever may be said in behalf of method, it should 
never be placed ..11 an equal fooling Willi the prin- 
ciple. The method mav have changed- il has 
changed time and again, it may change again. That 
is the hislnrv of methods, but the principle remains 
the same for all ages and for all countries. When 
our missionaries enter other lands with, this part of 
the Gospel, they leach the principle. They all teach 
the same thing, just what Paul taught. The method 
is another matter. About this they may differ. Even 
the Conference may debate it, but there is no debat- 
ing about .be principle. That is settled. Paul set- 
tied it. 


Or course, we see through our eyes; and yet, per- 
haps not always, as it would seem that a great many 
things ar. seen that have never been visible to the 
natural eve. We think we see, and therefore are we 
blind But it is not our purpose to discuss the scien- 
tific process of seeing; rather how differently we see. 
Our organs of sight, of themselves, do not see ■ a -all— 
or do not see anything. The mind directs and the eye 
gives the visions, so that there are in the world and 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 



-Directions Concerning Widows, Officers of the 

Church, and Others. 

Do not reprimand a man older than yourself, but 

plead with him as if he were your father. Treat 

others admire the letting sun as it young men as brothers, older women as mothers, and 

younger women as sisters — always with purity. Show 
those who are really wid- 

around and about us millions of things, interestmg in 
themselves, that are not seen, simply because our minds 
are not in condition to direct the seeing. We, some- 
times, are made to wonder why it is that having eyes 
alike, we see so differently. This difference, of course 
does not consist in our eyes, but in our mold of 
thought. Our seeing becomes a habit. We see the 
things we are looking for, and we look for a certain 
class of things because we have become accustomed 
to think along certain lines. Things that are not 
along our way of thinking we do not see, though as 
visible as the things which we see. 

We were impressed with this fact as we sat down 
to do this writing. Since wife has been sick we spend 
considerable of our time upstairs in a corner room 
facing south and west— giving sunshine the greater 
part of the day, giving from the windows two very 
interesting views; one, over the town that lies south, 
a broken ridge and the abrupt ending of a high moun- 
tain, in the distance; the other, over a valley and a 
range of mountains in the west. As our friends come 
in, they generally have some remarks to make about 
the view. And it is very interesting to learn how dif- 
ferently they see. Some become enraptured over the 
mountains in the distance; others see the intervening, 
broken hills ; others see the passing trains, east and 
west with the trail of smoke strung out behind the 
passing engine 

slowly sinks and falls behind the mountain top ; others, 
the Juniata river as it courses its way eastward to- 
wards the great sea. And, the other day, a lady came 
in and as she was seated at the south windows she 
exclaimed: " O, my! the roofs of houses!" And 
that was about all that she saw. Of course, they were 
there and the very ugliest things to be seen from the 
window. And though, over the roofs of these houses 
were the prettier views, yet she saw nothing but 

Now, the thought is, Why do people see so different- 
ly? It would take a long time to give minutely all the 
causes that led to the different seeing. And yet the 
summation of the whole is, because people are differ- 
ently inclined and think differently. They think after 
their inclinations, and see after their thinking. In 
other -words, people see the things they are looking 
for, and our tastes determine largely what is the ugly 
and what the beautiful. And we can determine the 
status of men's and women's morality and religion 
from what they see. 

We were told of a good brother, who, years ago, 
preached in a certain church, and it was said that he 
preached a very excellent sermon. After it was over, 
a sister was asked how she enjoyed the sermon. She 
said : " I didn't like it at all, it took all my time in 
looking at his mustache." He wore a full beard— 
which, in the mind of this sister was a great wrong. 
This was the thing that she looked at. And it was 
about the only thing she saw during the whole ser- 
mon. And so intent was her seeing that it closed her 
heart and ears to every good thing that was said. 

And to-day many people see a great deal more at 
church than they hear. They miss the message of 
. truth and love while they are judging from the 
outward appearance, and thus fail in receiving the spir- 
itual food intended to enliven and sweeten their own 
bitter and starving soul. While sin has made the low 
and base things ugly and undesirable, higher up the 
Lord has stored such wonderful treasures of beauty 
and loveliness that he is always calling on us to look 
up and over the roofs and chimney tops where the 
sunshine is brighter and warmer, the air sweeter and 
the vision broader, lighter and clearer. 

As long as our minds are groveling down among the 
things that are low and sensual our seeing cannot be 
soul-cheering and delightsome. To see alike we must 
learn to think alike. And to do this we must get 
more of the Christ life into our lives. 

There is even here around us a world of light and 
beauty. In the green grass, the many-hued flowers, 
in the valleys, the hills and the mountains, in the light 
of the sky, the sparkling stars, the dark and golden- 
rimmed clouds, on the white, sparkling snow — 
everywhere is to be seen the beauty of God's living 
and active power by eyes Christed with divine love. 

Down below our town is a wet, boggy swamp which, 
during part of the year, is very unpresentable, partly 
covered with green moss and filled with croaking 
frogs. But during the springtime and summer up out 
of this ugliness great, large, green leaves grow, and 
from these comes the beautiful white water lily. As 
we now look at the pond we overlook all the ugli- 
ness and see only the beautiful lilies. So we find in 
everv life some beautiful lilies ; and if our seeing is 
directed by a mind filled with the Christ love we over- 
look the ugly and see only the sweet and the beautiful. 

ness of your stomach and your frequent ailments. 
There are some men whose sins are conspicuous and 
pave the way for their judgment, while there are oth- 
ers whose sins dog their steps. So, again, noble ac- 
tions will become conspicuous, and those which are 
otherwise cannot be concealed. 


[The Twentieth Century New Testament proposes a 
translation from the original into modern English. The 
reading is interesting, though we cannot say that we alto- 
gether approve of the style. But to give our readers 
some idea of the rendering we shall publish Paul's First 
Letter to Timothy, giving one chapter each 
pare it with the Authorized Version. — Ed.] 

,veek. Corn- 

regard for widows — I mean 

ows. But when a widow has children or grandchil- 
dren, let them learn to show proper regard for the 
members of their own family first, and to make some 
return to their parents; for that is pleasing in God's 
sight. As for the woman who is really a widow and 
is left quite alone, her hopes are fixed on God, and 
she devotes herself to prayers and supplications night 
and day. But the life of a widow who is devoted to 
pleasure is a living death. Those are the points on 
which you should dwell, that there may be no call for 
your censure. Any one who fails to provide for his 
own relations, and especially for those under his own 
roof, has disowned the Faith and is worse than an 

A widow, when her name is added to the list, should 
not be less than sixty years old. She should have been 
only once married, and should be well spoken of for 
her kind actions. By this I mean that she should 
have brought up children, or have shown hospitality 
to strangers, or have washed the feet of her fellow- 
Christians, or have relieved those who were in distress, 
or have been always ready for any good action. But 
you should exclude the younger widows from the list ; 
for when they grow restive under the yoke of the 
Christ, they want to marry, and so they bring con- 
demnation upon themselves for having broken their 
previous promise. And not only that, but they go 
about from house to house, and so learn to be idle. 
Nor are they merely idle, but they also become gossips 
and busy-bodies, and talk- of what they ought not. 
Therefore I advise young widows to marry, bear chil- 
dren, attend to their homes, and avoid giving our op- 
ponents an opportunity for scandal. There are, alas, 
some who have already left us. to follow Satan. Any 
Christian woman, who has relations who are widows, 
ought to relieve them and not allow them to become 
a burden to the church, so that the church may relieve 
those widows who are really desolate. 

Those officers of the church who fill their office well 
should be held deserving of especial esteem, particular- 
ly those whose work lies in preaching and teaching. 
The words of the scripture are, " Thou shalt not muz- 
zle a bullock while it is treading out the grain," and 
again. " The worker is worth his wages." Do not re- 
ceive a charge against an officer of the church, unless 
it is supported by two or three witnesses. Rebuke 
offenders publicly, so that others may take warning. 
I charge you solemnly, before God and Christ Jesus 
and the Chosen Angels, to carry out these directions 
uninfluenced by prejudice, and never to act with par- 
tiality. Never ordain any one hastily, and take no 
part in the wrongdoings of others. Keep your life 
untarnished. Do not continue to drink nothing but 
water, but take a little wine on account of the weak- 


/In our notice of the death of Mr. Trumbull on the 
first page, some weeks ago, it was stated that he be- 
came editor of the Sunday School Times in 1857, when 
he was about twenty-seven years old. This was a 
mistake. He entered upon his lifework as an editor 
in 1875, when he was forty-five years old. He had 
then had a wide experience in the world and knew 
much of men, books and business. An insurance com- 
pany had offered him twenty-five thousand dollars a 
year, but he declined the princely salary, saying that 
his heart was not in that kind of work. 

In 1875 John Wanamaker, who then owned the Sun- 
day School Times, was looking for an editor. With 
his usual sagacity he saw in Mr. H. Clay Trumbull 
the man he wanted. The paper at that time had a 
circulation of only about sixteen thousand. After 
pondering the matter seriously Mr. Trumbull decided 
to enter the work, purchased an interest in the paper 
and became sole editor. He soon installed Mr. John 
D. Wattles as business manager, and then commenced 
ransacking the world for the best Sunday-school writ- 
ers to be had. For a time it was an expensive ven- 
ture, but the circulation of the paper went up by leaps 
and bounds until there were more than one hundred 
thousand subscribers on the list. 

Mr. Trumbull stuck to his post until he was nearly 
seventy-five years old, not having time to think about 
the dead line. At the age of seventy he was making 
a tar better paper than most of the younger editors, 
who boasted of their fine education, for be it remem- 
bered that he never went to college a day in his life. 
He was simply a hard worker, who understood his 
business, and whose heart was in his work. In 1893 
he commenced training his son for editorial work, 
taking him through nearly every department of the 
immense business, so when the time came for him to 
lay aside a part of the burden, which he did three years 
ago, he had some one ready for the immense responsi- 
bility. But he kept on with his writing until death 
began knocking at the door. 

Mr. Trumbull's experience in life will prove an in- 
spiration to hundreds of young men as well as to old- 
er ones. Though never a man of robust health, he 
lived to a good age, and when old could do just as 
good work as he did when younger. In fact, he did 
his very best work after he was sixty years old. 



What do you think about the Twentieth Century Tes- 
tament? Do you think that it is the proper version for 
a minister to use in the pulpit? 

The purpose of the translators has been to give the 
reading public the New Testament in the every-day 
language of the people. In a general way the trans- 
lators may have succeeded, but in some ways the ren- 
dering appears to have been carried to the extreme, 
and in an instance or two the translators have woven 
in their own notions of modern theology. We refer 
especially to the rendering of Matt. 28: 19,. where we 
read. " Therefore go and make disciples of all na- 
tions, baptizing them into the faith of the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Spirit." Here the translators 
have tampered with the original and given the com- 
mission a meaning not contemplated by the inspired 
writer. They have woven into the text their notion 
of a single action in baptism, instead of the triune 
form. Then the term faith is not here in the orig- 
inal. The Greek commission has it " name " as plain- 
ly as language can make it. We are not baptized in- 
to the faith, but into the name. In the Messenger 
we are giving a few chapters on account of" the peculiar 
rendering, but we do not look upon the vension as 
the proper thing to use in the pulpit.- The Authorized 
or Revised version is better for that purpose. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

And the 

D, L. MlLLBRi 


Illinois 1 H. C. Early, - Vlrrrlnla 

Indiana I A. B. Barnhart, Maryland 

John Ztjce, Iowa. 
Address all business to 
General Missionary and Tract Committee. Elgin, til. 

The next regular meeting of the General Mis- 
sionary and Tract Committee will be held in Elgin, 
111 April 6, 1904. Business intended for this meet- 
ing should be in the files of the Committee not 
later than March 22. 

4, 4. * * 

► T**********t 





The diagram* on this page shows the religious condi- 
tion of India in a very vivid manner. The black part is 
very large, but is steadily decreasing because of the con- 
stant increase of the other two parts. The question is as 
to which of them will become predominant. The Mo- 
hammedans have a good start, more than one-fifth 'of 
the total population belonging to that faith. And they 
are increasing right along: there is no doubt about this. 
Il is to be remembered, also, that it is difficult to get a 
follower of Mohammed to give up his religion. Besides, 
Mohammedanism has the advantage of priority and Asi- 
atic kinship. The latter gives it great power. And this 
religion does not stand in as direct opposition to the 
caste system as Christianity does. 

Yet there is no reason why Christians should cease 
to try to convert the people of India. They do not 
think as we do; their minds seem to be different from 
ours. One writer has this to say of their peculiar men- 
tal make-up: "A Hindu will state with perfect honesty 
that Christianity is true, that Mohammedanism is true, 
and that his own special variety of Brahmanism is true, 
and that he believes them all three implicitly." When 
one has that kind of material to work on, it is hard to 
get results that are satisfactory. But where there are 

the relative excellency of things religious, 
not teach themselves. 

We see the condition plainly, and we know it will not 
remain as it is. There is the black mass of heathenism- 
it has been there for centuries, simply because the church 
has not been loyal to its mission. But this century will 
likely see greater changes in India than several centu- 
ries of the past have seen. It is said that the gains of 
Mohammedan religion in India counterbalance its losses 
in all the rest of the world. This shows that these peo- 
ple are aggressive in propagating their religion: and they 
are the people with whom Christians have to do. It is 
well for the Brethren church that it has awakened 
to a sense of its duty and is putting forlh an earnest ef- 
fort in India. We must not grow weary of the work, 
though there are many and great hindrances, for in due 
time we shall reap a bounteous harvest if we faint not. 

g. M. 
<8> <S> » 


so many gods as in India, the addition of two more reli- 
gions has little real influence over the mind. The prob- 
lem is to get the religion into the heart, for when it is 
once there it will be impossible to believe implicitly in 
Hinduism, Mohammedanism and Christianity at the same 

It is hardly probable that the question of India's future 
religiously will be decided during this generation, and 
it may not be in this century. It all depends on the 
effort put forth. And now. while the question is unde- 
cided, is the time for Christians to put forth their best 
efforts. The more we do now, the sooner the question 
will be decided and the more likely it is to be decided 
tight. The welfare of India depends on the result. In- 
dia under Mohammedanism cannot become what the 
Lord would have it; but India under Christianity will be 
blessed and be a blessing. And this question is not one 
to be decided by the people in their present condition, 
for they are not capable of judging as to what will be 
for their highest good. They will need teaching— much 
teaching and for a long time — before they can estimate 


am reproduced irom Literary Dlgcil. 

It may be unexpected to readers of the Messenger 
when it is known that we (self and family) are expect- 
ing to return to America early in the year 1904. It is 
only six years since we began our work in the India 
field, and naturally we would not expect to go on a fur- 
lough in so short a time. But in the condition of health, 
of wife especially, we are advised to return home until 
health improves. A certificate received from the doctor 
while in Poona this fall advises in very strong terms 
that we make the change very soon. Our own judg- 
ment dictates that we do so, however much our desire 
is to remain in India. The longer wc are here, the 
stronger has grown our attachment to the work and the 
harder it is to leave. And it is our desire to return to 
the work Just as soon as wife's health will allow us to 
do so. Weak nerves may be in part constitutional, but 
when in addition the heart and other organs are weak- 
ened by fever and other causes, India is not the place to 
recuperate rapidly. 

Rest and change in time may be the means of re- 
storing lost vitality. Of this we are hopeful. So with 
the consent of the committee of workers on the field as 
well as consent of General Mission Board we have ar- 
ranged to sail Feb. 15, hoping to reach New York the 
latter part of March, the Lord willing. Some have 
looked for us to come earlier, but we felt that it would 
be advisable to remain in India during the cool season, 
and we are glad to say that both wife and children are 
gaining in strength. But 1! is the hot season beginning 
about the first of March or earlier that is Irving oil the 

In our absence Bro. Emmert. who has been here for 
several months past, will'have charge of the work. En- 
tering his second year of work in India, and with a good 
command of the language, we feel that the work will be 
well cared for. Of the new missionaries Brother and 
Sister Blough are also stationed here and arc energetical- 
ly engaged in the study of Gujerati. Their presence and 
help are greatly appreciated. Bro. Ycremian has also 
been here and has given medical assistance both in the 
orphanage and outside. He has visited all the other sta- 
tions as well and his weekly visits 10 all the stations 
will be highly appreciated and very helpful. 

In our orphanage here several industries are carried 
on, but thus far carpentry has proven the most profitable 
and most useful. Our carpenters are kept busy to fill 
orders received for furniture of various kinds. And even 
with our increased force we have now orders that will 
keep them busy for several months. Bro. Emmert, be- 
ing a practical mechanic, is able to render valuable as- 
sistance in this line. He is now busy part of each day 
in getting out an office chair. This we are hopeful, when 
once perfected, will afford steady work for a number of 
our orphan boys, and from indications will have a large 
sale. ... 

Only a few days until Christmas and wc hope it will 
bring joy into many hearts and homes. That each one 
may resolve to do more in the coming new year for the 
cause of Christ at home and abroad, is our earnest 

On account of the prolonged monsoon this year, the 
feverish season is also prolonged. Fever continues to 
some extent among our orphan boys as well as in our 
own family. , . ,. _ 

On account of our leaving India, any letters hereafter 
sent to us the latter part of January and up to Feb. IS 
should be addressed to Naples. Italy, incoming St 
Raphael Rubattino. and they will 
at Naples. 

Dec. 17. « » * 


The mission board met New Year's day at the home of 
I B Wolfe. Monmouth. Kans. Members of board and 
district evangelist were all present. We also enjoyed 
,he presence of elders E. M. Wolfe and Salem Beery and 
their families. After reading the twenty-fourth chapter 

of Luke and prayer, we listened to the report of our 
evangelist of last quarter. 

He had worked fifty-nine days, traveled about 939 
miles, visited thirty-five homes, preached sixty-three scr- 
iiums, organised a mission Sunday school al Chanute. 
and left two regular appointments to be filled by Bro. 
Eli Leslie — a minister who has recently located there. 
At West Creek he reports one applicant for baptism. 

This work was all in isolated places. He reports the 
work at most of these places very encouraging and the 
people anxious for preaching. 

The first month's work of 1904 will be at Neutral and 
near Columbus; then to Chanule and lola. Second 
month's work in the bounds of the Silver Creek church, 
Tisdale and Rock. March work at NtOtaze, Longlnn and 
other points if time permits. All these places are given 
an opportunity 10 give of their means to carry on the 
mission work. Pittsburg mission point "ill gel a series 
of meetings by Bro. Bccry. who has charge of that point. 
One of the hindrances thai confront the board is not 
being able to get ministerial help to keep up regular ap- 
pointments at isolated places. We have placed the quota 
al sixty cents per member 10 carry on the work for an- 
other year. Our chairman. Bro. John Shvrfy, on his re- 
turn home went by way of Independence, 111 view of 
trying (by the aid of the members at that place) to lo- 
cale a minister there. Wc hope and pray that much good 

may be done by 
Jan. 4. 

united efforts 

D. P. Neher, Sec. 


' M01 , 
says lliat 

In the Gospel Messenger, No. 51, page 8ll, i 
Work for Sunday Schools." Bro. Gram Mahan 
people are coming to depend loo much on the ones es- 
pecially appointed for a work On reading this I was 
wondering why we are so constituted as 1,1 depend so 
much on others. And I was made to think that it is 
largely due lo the way we ale brotlglll up. "' ll"' Way 
our leaders taught us. 

To make this plain: There an' fathers, who have chil- 
dren, that arc afraid to give them something i" do (or 
[ear il will not 'be done as well as they could, and so 
do it themselves. In this way the children grow up not 
having confidence in themselves. The same way with 
the children of the family of God. 

1 was once al a place where there was al one time a 
prosperous church. The minister preached, led in song 
service, did the praying, and apparently 'lid all. II was 
done well, but it did nol develop Hie talents there. I 
was there al another lime when the ministel wis gone, 
bin annllier minister who hail charge "I the services 
wailed (or some "lie lo 111 snug, and no on" was 

prepared to do ll Mow Hie ehuri li would al i i omo 

under ihe head of Hi" Parker 1 1 picture; 1101 because 

,4 no talent, but because the talents are noi improved, 

.mil have not had llie dinner to improve P, L, PlrlO- 

Eglon, W. Va. 

reach us on our arriv: 
D. L. Forney. 




,1 ,4 ihr Distr Michigan held 

their regular meeting yesterday and were favored by the 
pre in,, ami help of our district evangelist, Hi". A. W. 
Hawbaker. Series .4 meetings have been held al berry, 
, ,, ,..,,,., county, and ai Bendon since district meeting; 
nls,, regular meetings every 1 wo weeks al and 
Bendon. ll was decided to continue Hie work at 
latter place, also to have 'cries ..( meetings held 

Clarion anil al Sears ill the mar future 

There are openings ("i workers al levcral 

While ihe reports have been encouraging from the 
the workers are very few 111 compa" 




,i ,0 be done. The" board invites correspondence 
(rou, isolated members and others desiring preaching in 

new localities. As far as 1 ible all inch cal •. 

i,ll,,i. Address either Ilro. A. W. Hawbaker, Copcmisn, 
Mich., or the wriler. , 

The next meeting oi the board will be held on_ 
day, March 1, at the home "I Hi 
land, Mich. 

Lake Odessa, Mich., Jan. 0. 

W. Smith, Wood- 
Peter B. Mcssner, Sec. 

<s, a, «> 

^car Creek. 
I the Bear Creek 
John Bowman. 

The first meetinghouse west of the Alleghemcs was 

,,„.,,,„ "event? years ago in Montg cry county 

' B, Cr„k. no. far from Dayton, remember 

David Bowman was then the clde 

Warrensburg, Mo 


? from raising chickens. One gin raise.. 
,„-,,r„- and bought a ben for next y^ J' and 

Faised chickens and sold t hem. =° me h m .f e rd . s wr J rk ls 
were not present to repot Thus the LO h 

helped by the dear little ones, Jennie j 

Centralia. Wash. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 

Notes from Our Correspondents^ 

■• A. cold mter to • aoul, so 1. uood new. froo » l.r coe-try." 


Olendora — We just closed a very 
,S redacted by J. Z. Gilbert, of Los 
Bro. Gilbert labored very earnestly among ui 
££ .Ss^r^eShT-r/^J^U received 
B™ Hutchison, Bro. Edmund Forney and Bro Stephen 
Y™dcr were present to assist in the J'f ^atas orfr 
■ the election of Bro.^S .^^^ 

series of 


Our little 

met in council 

During the year 

; year- 

It resulted 
elder for the 

Laton— Jan. we were pleasantly surprised by the ram- 
in* of Bro G W. Hopwood and wife, of Iowa. On Sun- 
day on, Hopwood gave us two interesting discourses. 
Such visits ari very much appreciated— Martha Flke. La, 
ton, Fresno Co., Cal., Jan. II. 

Soecial-To the ministers of the district of California 
JSLl All who have topics of interest, which will of 
be suitable (or our ministerial meeting to be held ,n In 
I e„ ' oa Cal., next March, will please send ,n the same at 
once to i the undersigned— W. M. Piatt, Inglewood, Cal., 
Jan. 13. 


Prowers—Bro. J. J. Yoder, from Conway, 
" preached llir 
iatcd.— Mary Norns 

to us Jan. 10 and preached three sermons, 
very much appreciated—Mary Norns, Prowers 
Jan. 13. 

Kans., came 
which were 

Antioch church convened in session Jan. 7, presided 
ovc by our elder. Noah Fisher. Owing to the extreme 
cold weather the attendance was not large. The annual 
v sit was reported, which showed that all the members 
were in union. It was decided to have a series ol meet- 
mgs in the near future, conducted by our elder, Noah 
Fisher The rest of the business was our annual settle- 
ment, which was adjusted with satisfaction to all.— 1. B. 
Miller, Andrews, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Blue River— Our council was held Jan. 3- On account 
of the disagreeable weather not many were present. Bro. 
John Stafford, our elder, look charge of the meeting. 
We appointed a committee to look after the remodeling 
of our churchhouse. We closed our Sunday school for 
the winter On this we were not unanimous, but the mi- 
nority yielded. Our elder gave us three very good ser- 
mons —Levi Zumbruin, Wolf Lake, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Cedar Creek.-We have just closed a very interesting 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. W. Lear, of Cer- 
rogordo, 111., accompanied by Sister Lear. Bro Lear 
preached thirty-two sermons. One soul put on Christ in 
baptism, while others were near the kingdom The mem- 
oes were very much encouraged. Bro. Lear's stay with 
„s was much appreciated- He leaves to-day for Middle- 
fork, Ind.— B. F. Emly, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Elkhart.— Jan. 2 Bro. Reuben Shroycr, of Ohio, came 
to us and commenced our revival meetings, which are 
well attended and a good interest. Bro Shroycr is a 
very earnest and inspiring speaker. — S. C. Kindy, lilk- 
hart. Ind., Jan. II. 

Elkhart city church met in council meeting Dec. 22 
and in the absence of our elder Bro. E. L. Hccstand con- 
ducted the meeting. There were some letters granted 
and much oilier business transacted, among which was 
the electing of our Sunday-school superintendents, which 
resulted 111 Bro. Joseph Grosh superintendent, and Bro. 
C C Kindy assistant.— S. C. Kindy, Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 

Workers meeting, with the write. -president ami I Bro. M. 
Wray vice-president— Mamie C. Sink, Lenox. Iowa, Jan. 


Altamont— Our council convened Jan._o, 
Beery present. A good spirit prevailed, 
iusl closed seventeen have been received by letter and 
wo baptized. We have a nourishing Sunday school ami 
Young People's meeting, with a growing merest Bro. 
Beery gave us four able sermons while with us. We 
look over he past year, and feel that we have been abun- 
dantly blessed— H. J. Trapp. Altamont, Kans., Jan. 12. 

Maple Grove.-We have just closed a weekjs meetings 
conducted by the home ministers. Bro. J. R. Garber, from 
Beaver City Nebr., assisted with the preaching. Last 
Saturday t/eVe was preaching held at the bourse of an old 
brother who is not able to go to church. Jan. 12 Bro. 1. 
F George stopped with us and gave us two sermons- 
Emma M. Flickiuger, Rockwell, Kans., Jan. II. 

Navarre—Jan. 13 Bro. C. Sargent and the writer ^met 
James M. Neff in Kansas City to look over the city £nd to 
-rrange with Bro. Neff to move to the city and devote all 

his nine to he mission work in the cty. After looking 
ver the work Bro. Neff decided to take charge of the 
work as soon as he can arrange for it. All help for the 
Kansas City mission work should be sent to Bro C. Sar 
gent, Dunlap, Kans.. treasurer of mission board— Ben). 
Forney, Navarre, Kans., Jan. 15. 

Newhope— I am at present engaged in assisting the 
NeXpc church in a scries of meetings. The meetings 
are held in the Methodist churchhouse at Neu ral, Kans. 
We have a crowded house and great interest is mani- 
fested One was baptized and a number of others are 
counting the cosl-W. H. Leaman, Madison, Kans., Jan.. 

'ozawkie— Bro. S. B. Kathcrman, of Lawrence, Kans., 
was with us during the holidays and conducted song 
service which we enjoyed very much. He also did some 
preaching while with us. We had a very pleasant coun- 
cil meeting Jan. 9. Our Sunday school was reorganized 
bv electing Bro. H. L. Brammcll superintendent and Bro 
Waller Brunton assistant. One letter of membership was 
granted. Our Christian Workers .meettng^wa: 
ized Jan. 10. Bro. H 
We use the 


Carrington— By request of the church 

Bro. George 

N. Dak., came to us Nov, 25 and 

of meetings, continuing to Dec. 13, 

sermons. His discourses 

The members of the church 

our elder, J. C. Seibert, of 

e Carrington church. On 

Day morning Bro. J. E. Smith and Bro. Albert 

both of Surrey, N. Dak., also came to us 

Strieker, of Surrey, 
commenced a series 
delivering twenty instructive 
were full of practical religion, 
felt much encouraged. Jan. 
Caudo, N. Dak., came 

11 A. M. and Elder Seibert at 7:30 P- M. de- 
uTered well-directed discourses to an attentive audience. 
—Fred Culp, Carrington, N. Dak., Jan. 12. 

Kenmare—I have just returned from a trip through 
Idaho and Washington. We found a large territory unoc- 
cupied by the Brethren. Especially were we impressed 
with this facl ill the city of Spokane, Wash. Here is a 
cily with a population of about 60,000 and only a 
handful of the brethren and sisters. 
10 find them alive to the cause 
and sisters arc doing some mission 
ing under great disadvantage: 
dent minister located amongst them 

who would like cily life in a good, healthy place and IS 
desirous of doing some mission work would do 
visit this city. We spent several days with Br. 
Arkenherncr. He and his esteemed wife are 
fouled Christians and will do all in their. power _tc -make 
it pleasant for those that come n. their T hey will 
gladly correspond with anyone who would like to come 
Jnd help them— W. D. Byer, Kenn.are, N. Dak., Jan. 10. 
Surrey— Bro. Crites, from York. N. Dak addressed us 
at the Surrey church Dec. 27. Christmas day Bro W. R. 
Brubaker gave us a good talk. Turnout fair; eighteen be- 
fowzera "All four services at the church yesterday were 
interesting. As we expect to be absent a few months 
afterjan iS, Bro. Charley F.mderburg will be church 
correspondent in our absence-Henry Frantz, Surrey. 
N. Dak., Jan. 11. 
White Rock.— To-day we organized a Ch 
rs meeting. Bro. Luther Shatto wai 

Wc were made glad 
of Christ. The brethren 
A-ork, but are labor- 
, because they have no resi- 
A brother minister 

.. G. D. 

tian Work- 
elected foreman. 
We will 

English Prairie.— Bro. Henry Neff, of South Whitley, 
Ind came to us Dec. 28 and preached evenings till Jan. I, 
when he was called home 10 preach a funeral. Jan. 4 he 
came back and preached one week more.- We had good 
attendance. — Y. D. Yoder, Lima, Ind., Jan. 15- 

Four Mile.— Eld. Joseph Holder, of Hagerstown, Ind., 
came lo us Jan. 9, preaching three sermons. Owing to 
the inclemency of the weather and sickness the attendance 
was small, but the interest was good. Our brother's -visit 
was greatly appreciated— J. E. Fiant, Connersville, Ind., 
R, R. No. to, Jan. 12. 

Little St. Joe church met in council Jan. 9, Eld. John 
Stafford presiding. All business was settled in a brother 
ly manner.— 11. E. Smith. Fansler. Ind., Jan. 14. 

Union.— We reorganized our Sunday school for the 
year Jan. 3. Bro. S. F. Henricks was elected superintend- 
ent, Bro. Ira Mock assistant, with a full corps of officers 
and teachers. Last Sunday being our first session for 
the new year, we were pleased and encouraged to see 
the deep interest that was manifested. Last Thursday 
evening we also reorganized a Bible reading, to meet ev- 
ery Wednesday evening. All those who so lately came 
into the fold are ready to do all they can in the Master s 
cause.— Dora A. Henricks, Plymouth, Ind., R. R. No. 6, 
Jan. 12. 

Yellow Creek.— Our protracted meeting commenced 
Dec. 20 and closed yesterday. Bro. Manly Deetcr 
preached three weeks. Three precious souls put on 
Christ in baptism and one was reclaimed: others near the 
kingdom. The meetings were well attended.— Amanda 
Miller. Goshen. Ind.. Jan. II. 

Bagley. — We have been enjoying special blessings from 
on high. Since Jan. 2 Eld. C. P. Rowland has been faith- 
fully breaking unto us the Bread of Life. We have been 
having a large attentive congregation each evening. — L. 
D. Bosserman. Bagley, Iowa, Jan. 15. 

Indian Creek church was encouraged by another letter 
of membership being read in our hearing on last Lord's 
Day. We have a lively Sabbath school each Sunday, also 
preaching. — Rebecca Troup. Maxwell. Iowa. Jan. 15. 

Maple Valley church have enjoyed a very interesting 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Peter Brubaker. 
of Worthington, Minn. He commenced Dec. 27 and 
preached eighteen spiritual sermons. — John Foiits. Aure- 
lia, Iowa, Jan. II. 

Salem church held council Jan. 9. Two letters of mem- 
bership were received. Our Sunday school reorganized 
by electing Bro. D. F. Sink superintendent and Bro. 
Homer Caskey assistant. We also organized a Christian 

! L. Brammell was chosen president. 
... topic cards furnished by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House and find the subjects to be very interesting. 
Our Sunday school continues during the winter with 
good interest— Judith Brammell, Ozawkie, Kans., Jan. II. 


Meadow Branch— The children of the Sunday school 
at this place met Jan. 2 and were favored by short ad- 
dresses appropriate to the season from Bro E. L. Brown 
and the writer, after which a box of confectionery was 
handed each as a token of good cheer to all for 1904. 
The first Sunday service of the new year, considering the 
weather and all, was admirably well attended— W. L. 
Roop. Westminster, Md., Jan. 3. 

Bearlake church met in council Jan. 9. our elder, A. 
W Hawbaker, was with us. We decided to reorganize our 
Sunday school. The writer was reelected superintend- 
ent, with Bro. Leuas Margrum assistant. We decided to 
raise our quota for mission funds by subscription. Sister 
Rosa Tegarden was chosen as solicitor. Bro. Hawbaker 
stayed with us and gave us five well-prepared sermons, 
which we much enjoyed. We thank the mission board 
(or Iheir kindness in granting us preaching— W. fc. 
Young, Clarion, Mich., Jan. II. 

Crystal church held children's exercises on Christmas. 

Its council was held on New Year's day instead of Jan. 2. 

There was a fair representation considering the weather. 

Isaiah Rairigh, our elder, will commence a scries ot 

about Feb. 13— W. H. Roose, Crysta 

We will use the subjects given in the Messenger. We will 
have Sunday school, preaching and Christian Workers 
meeting each Sunday at a central place .during the winter. 
Two were received by letter. 
N. Dak., Jan. 10. 

Hannah Dunning. Denbigh, 

Maple Grove— We held our council Jan. 15, with out 
elder Bro. Tobias Hoover, and L. H.__ Dickey .present 
We were sorry to hav 

l.r. ,'. M I ' ! 


We also elected our Sunday-school officers; superm 
ent, Bro. Gerber; assistant, Bro. Switzer— E. L. Baum, 
Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Z. Smith, of Indiana, 
but being 

Dec. 26 and 


K. Brum- 


Middle District.— Dec. 12 Bro. 
was to begin a series of meetings at this place, 
unable to come at all on account of poor healthy 
Ezra Flory, of West Milton, Ohio, came 
continued until last evening, preaching eighteen excellent 
sermons Four came out on the Lord's side and were 
received by baptism. All were encouraged. Jan. 9 
held our council meeting. Our elder D. C. 
son. was not able to be with us. Eld. Jesse 
bailgh, of West Milton, presided. Two were reclaimed 
and their letters granted—Anna Knife, Troy, Ohio, R. R. 
No. 5, Jan. II. 

Notice— To the brethren and sisters of Northwestern 
Ohio- As the Old Folks' and Orphans' Home building is 
nearly completed, those wishing to supply carpets, bed- 
clothes and other furniture necessary for the home arc 
requested to have them ready by first of April. Carpets 
necessary for larger bedrooms, about twenty-three yards, 
the smaller ones eighteen yards. Inform the secretary- 

meetings about Feb. 13.— w. n. rcoosc, ci,,»., Mich., 


Edgerton— Our meetings commenced Jan. 10. One 
was baptized. Others arc counting the cost. The meet- 
ing will continue till Jan. 24, being conducted by Bro. J. 
I. Filburn, of Worthington, Minn.— Cornelia Inman. 
Edgerton, Minn., Jan. II. 

Hancock church met hi council Jan. 2. Bro. E. W. 
Pratt presided. An election for Sunday-school officers 
was held. Bro. Alonzo Standafcr was elected superin- 
tendent and Bro. Ray Huffman assistant. We expect 
Bro. O. J. Beaver here in the near future to hold Bible 
normal— Alice Heath, Hancock, Minn., Jan. 5. 


A Reply.— To the brethren who have written me with 
a view to having me locate in their congregations or at 
the mission points which they as mission boards repre- 
sent: I desire to say that I have now decided, the Lord 
willing, to cast my lot with the Brethren in Kansas City. 
Please accept this as a reply 10 your kind invitations and 
do not regard it as an intended discourtesy if I do not 
answer you personally. I thank you for your kindness 
and pray that the Lord may bless this decision of mine, as 
well as his work in your various fields of labor, to his 
highest glory and praise.— James M. Neff. Jasper, Mo„ 
Jan. 16. 

Fairview church met 111 council Jan. 9. One was re- 
gained by letter, one reclaimed and three letters were 
granted. The church decided to have an organization at 
Oak Forest, about seven miles east of here, which is now 
a mission point. Sunday wc had a good sermon by breth- 
ren J. B. and B. B. Hylton. Collection taken up amount- 
ed to $3.52.— Lizena Hyiton. Olathe. Mo.. Jan, II. 

Walnut Creek church met in council Jan. 2. Wc had 
a very pleasant meeting. One letter was received and 
one granted. In answer to an appeal for help for the 
benefit of the St. Joseph mission we will aid them 111 the 
way of clothing, church literature and money. — Cora 
L. Wampler. Knobnoster. Mo.. Jan. II. 

Kearney church met in council Jan. 7. Since our last 
report four have been added to the church by letter. Sis- 
ter Alice Boone, of Kearney, held a very interesting Bible 
term during the holidays.— Mrs. Appie Ma Gill. R R. i. 
Kearney, Nebr.. Jan. 5. 

J. B. Light, Old Fort, Ohio, Jan. II. 

Owl Creek. — Bro. Aaron Heistand. 
came to us Jan. 9 and 
three earnest sermon 

Ritman, Ohio, 
mained until Jan. 11. He gave us 
We deeply feel the need of min- 

three earnest sermons, vve ucep.y ice, ^ ..*-..... ....-- 

isterial help since our dear elier Bro. Keller, has been 
removed from our midst. Bro. C. J- Workman, of the 


:hurch, is our eider— Tena Whisler, Frederick- 
... Ohio, Jan. 14. 
Portage— Bro. William Guthrie came to us at Ctovcr- 
dale, a branch of the Portage church. Dec 24 and 
preached twenty-one sermons, including Christmas and 
New Year's sermons. The Lord blessed us with very 
pleasant weather nearly all this time. Two precious 
souls were reclaimed and the church was, much built up. 
-Sylvia Heminger, Bowling Green, Ohio, Star Route. 


Notice.— The district mission board of Oklahoma and 
Indian Territory will meet in regular session at the Gut 1- 
e church Feb. 6. .904, at I P. M. All parties wishing to 
notify the board of any business, to be brought before 
them at that time, will please inform the secretary of 
board not later than Feb. 1— A J. Smith Sec. D.St. Mis- 
sion BoaVd. Perry, Okia., R. F. D. No. 2, Jan. 14. 
Coquille Valley church met in council Jan. 2, with Eld. 
C. H. Barklow presiding. A scries of meetings is to be- 
gin at Norway. Oregon. Jan. 21. Bro. D. M. Click writes 
he will be with us in February and teach a singing 
school We want to have a series of meetings at this 
place about that time. Bro. J. S. Secrist leaves Jan. 15 
for Newberg. Oregon, where he is to do some evangelistic 
work On his return about April 1 he is to begin a Bi- 
ble school at this place. Sunday school still continues 
10 grow Sister Anna Barklow was elected correspond- 
ent for 1904— Minnie McCracken. Myrtlepoint. Oregon. 

Talent church met in council, with Eld. G. W. Hoxie 
presiding. All business was disposed of very pleasantly. 
Our Sunday school is evergreen— Z. P. Webster. Talent, 
Oregon, Jan. 4. pENNsyLVANIA . 

Clover Creek— Bro. William Ritchy began a series of 
meetings in the Clover Creek house Dec. 12, continuing 
till Dec 23. preaching fourteen sermons. Two came out 
on the Lord's side and were baptized— J. G. Mock. Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa., Jan. 12. 

— "I 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 


Conestoga church have enjoyed a very interesting series 
1 meetings, conducted by L. R. Brumbaugh, of Denton, 
\(d He came to us Dec. 27 and preached every night 
\ntil Jan. 10. The attention and attendance were good. 
ronsidering the extreme cold weather. Three precious 
ouls came out on the Lord's side, and one that had 
strayed away from the fold was restored. At a business 
neeting Jan. 1 we elected our Sunday-school officers; Bro. 
Oliver Myer superintendent and S. R. Wenger assistant. — 
Sallie Pfautz. Farmersville, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Norristown church met in council Jan. 13, with Eld. A. 
L Grater in charge. One was received by certificate and 
two certificates were granted. Eld. Chas. D. Bonsack, of 
Westminster, Md., is expected to commence a series of 
meetings about the middle of February.— T. F. Imter, 
Norristown, Pa., Jan. 15. 

Notice- — There has been no call for the Sunday-school 
meeting of the Western District of Pennsylvania. Any 
congregation that desires the meeting will please notify. — 
S. S. Lint, Hooversville, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Shade Creek church met in council Jan. 1. One was 
received by letter, six letters were granted. This con- 
gregation has six Sunday schools, four evergreen. They 
were reorganized for the year 1904. Scalp Level, S. G. 
Whi taker superintendent; James Cassaday assistant; 
Cross Roads, Harvey Berkey superintendent, Mahlon Hor- 
ner assistant; Windber mission point, E. C. Shultz super- 
intendent, E. O. Pyle assistant; Greenland. R. D. Murphy 
superintendent. Elmer Knavel assistant. This last school 
started with the new churchhouse which was dedicated 
Jan 10. The sermon was preached by Bro. Albert Berk- 
ley.— Amanda Weaver. Scalp Level, Pa., Jan. 11. 


Manvel church held their council Dec. 19, Eld. J. A. 

much. The price remains the same as heretofore. Single 
subscription, 35 cents; three copies to one address, 75 
cents per year. We trust we may still receive a number 
of subscriptions during the coming year. Send orders and 
subscriptions to the General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee, Elgin, 111. A. W. Vaniman. 
Malmo, Sweden, Jan. 5. 

.Miller presiding. Sunday school was reorganized for 
1904; details of communion meeting, Dec. 26, were ar- 
ranged; two new members chosen to the committee on 
young people's or Christian Workers meeting. This 
committee consists of five members, and we decided to 
choose two at one time and three the next, so always 
keeping a part of the old committee on. Dec. 21 Bro. 
VV. M. Howe, of Norristown, Pa, commenced a series of 
meetings and Bible readings at Manvel, which were very 
edifying. Dec. 26 was our love feast, at which Bro. Howe 
officiated. Bro. Howe's meetings closed Jam 3. all too 
soon. Three dear sisters put on Christ in baptism, one 
of them our own dear daughter.— J. H. Peck, Manvel, 
Texas, Jan. 11. 

Redoak Grove. — We met in church council Jan. 9. On 
account of bad weather we had a small representation. 
Eld. W. H. Naff presided. We decided to repair our 
churchhouse during the coming summer. Bro. Chas. M. 
Yearout came to our place two weeks before Christmas 
and preached eleven sermons. The members were en- 
couraged to press forward with more zeal. — Asa Bowman, 
Epperly, Va.. Jan. 12. 

Centralia. — Our council met. Bro. Secrist, of Oregon, 
will begin a series of meetings here the latter part of 
February. Bro. Enoch Eby will stop over on his trip to 
California and hold several meetings during February.— 
Jennie Stephens. Sec, Washington Hotel, Centralia, 
Wash., Jan. 9. 

Kipling.— The brethren and sisters, though few in num- 
ber, are trying to build up the cause of the Master. We 
have had regular preaching services twice a month during 
the past year. We have a union Sunday school, which 
was reorganized for the winter. Bro. E. S. Murray is our 
superintendent. We consider the winter season the best 
time of the year for Sunday-school work, as we have no 
rains and consequently no muddy roads at this time. The 
weather is rarely too cold or the people too busy for reg- 
ular attendance.— B. E. Breshears, Kipling, Wash., Jan. 4. 
Spokane.— Bro. W. D. Byer, from Kenmare, N. Dak., 
'■pent a few days in this city. Dec. 27 he preached two 
very interesting sermons. Jan. 3 we met, with Bro. J. 
Hannan Stover as moderator, and reorganized our Sun- 
day school. The writer was reelected superintendent and 
Bro. C. D. Aschenbrenner assistant. The work here is 
meeting with good success. From Aug. 16 to the end of 
the year our collections amounted to $16.25 and expenses 
$14.14. Average attendance in last quarter, twenty-six. 
We are having meeting every first and third Sunday of 
each month, and an evergreen and mission Sunday school 
every Sunday. Jan. 3 was our last meeting, at which time 
Bro. Stover preached morning and evening. We have the 
promise by him of a series of meetings about the light of 
next moon. Those stopping in Spokane or passing 
through this way will do well to stop off and remain over 
Sunday and look up our mission. You will find us each 
Lord's Day at the Brethren's mission house, on G St. and 
Fourth Ave.— G. D. Aschenbrenner, Spokane, Wash., First 
Ave. and G. St., W. Grove, Jan. 10. 
Sunnyside. — On Christmas day we had children's exer- 
I cises. The pieces spoken and songs given by the children 
were all appropriate and well rendered. Dec. 26 we had 
our council. Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
ensuing six months. Bro. J. A. Eby was chosen superin- 
tendent and brethren Stanley Gregory and Wm. Hickles 
assistants. Our Christian Workers also organized; Sis- 
ter Maud Eby president, Stanley Gregory assistant. Will 
use the subjects prepared for the Christian Workers. De- 
cided to have a series of meetings conducted by home tal- 
ent. Bro. D. B. Eby is doing the preaching. We have 
song service one-half hour each evening. The meetings 
began Dec. 27.— Salome Watkins, Sunnyside, Wash., Jan. 


nd Bead It unto the churches. " 



Swedish paper, published at Malmo, Sweden, is 
n OW entering its third year. We have changed it to a 
^"X teen-page monthly instead of four pages as heretofore. 
During the past two years we have received a number of 
subscriptions from America, which we appreciate very 


Wife and I have the best of health and are enjoying 
ourselves taking in the sights. We have Sunday school 
and church every Sunday. We were witli the brethren at 
Santa Ana one Sunday and held two meetings. They 
have a pleasant mission house, with Sister Katie Newsome 
in charge. It is a beautiful city of six thousand in a very 
fertile country, especially east at Tustin. 

Here 1 feasted on the large strawberries. I visited 
Glenwood. I also had a ride on the ocean to Catalina 
islands, then a climb to the top of Mt. Lowe. There is 
no snow in sight, which is very unusual for this time of 
the year. From there I went to Long Beach to see the 
monstrous whale and drink in the cool breezes of the 

We now bid good-bye to southern California and all 

the good people that have treated us so kindly. We go 

to Malaga, in the grape and wine country, two hundred 

and eighty miles north of Los Angeles, where our eldest 

son is located. G. W. Hopwood. 

Dec. 28. 

■ m ■ 


On the twenty-seventh of December we had the pleas- 
ure of offering the children of the Sunday school a Christ- 
mas treat. Twenty-six children and about fifty parent.-, 
and friends were present, and it was not only a few min- 
utes of festival, but of real joy, in the remembrance that 
we were celebrating the birth of our glorious Savior. 

We are few, the work is hard, but such meetings are 
certainly a great comfort to us. During the past year 
we have had from twenty-two to twenty-six Swiss, French 
and Italian children who regularly attend our Thursday 
and Sunday-school gatherings. Surely it will please our 
Brethren in America to learn that their sacrifices in help- 
ing us are not in vain, thank God. 

The children are for the present n L ir hope, as it is so 
difficult to reach the adult. 

Before closing this letter we must say bow thankful 
we are to the Messenger and all our publications for the 
great help and blessing they bring to us every week. Of- 
ten we translate many articles for the benefit of our audi- 

society. North Manchester, Ind., one barrel clothing; Pipe 
Creek, Mil., Sewing Circle, one package clothing; Lizzie 
Balsbaugh, Washington. D, C, 25 cents; A sister, Mt. 
Union, Pa.. $^.oo; D. S. Roller. Kenmare, Va,, $2,00. 

The money received during the year 1903 from dona- 
tions and from work done by our Helping Hand Society 
amounted to $170.07. The expenses for the year 1903 
were $160.60; leaving a balance of $9.47 in the treasury at 
the end of the year. We also received ten packages of 
clothing and three packages of provisions. The provis- 
ions and at least 270 pieces of Clothing were distributed 
among the needy during the year. 

During the mouth of December we had with us Eld, J. 
M. Mohler and wife, of Lewistown, Pa.; Eld. T. J. Kolb 
and wife, of Double Pipe Creek, Md.; Eld. John R. Flohr, 
of Fairfield, Pa.; Eld. Jonas Graybill, of Brughs Mill, Va.; 
Prof, D. Owen Cottrell. of Union Bridge, Md. These 
brethren and sisters were visiting relatives and friends in 
our city for a few days. We enjoyed having them with 
us at our services, and we also had the pleasure of listen- 
ing lo a sermon or a talk from each of the brethren. 

Recently three members were received into the church 
by letter. Lizzie Knepper. 

338 8th St.. S. E„ Jan. 12. 

A. Pellet. 

Geneva. 2 Rue Pont Neuf, Jan. 2. 



Rocklake church met Jan. 2 in quarterly council in the 
house near Ellison, elders John Diehl and D. Shorb being 
present with us. There was a good attendance of mem- 
bers, and the right spirit animated the meeting. All busi- 
ness which could be attended to was quietly disposed of 
that day. Among other items, it was decided to retain 
the present name of the congregation, but to name the 
house near Ellison the *' Ellison house," and allow the 
Brethren in the south end to name their own house. 
Paul Mohler was chosen assistant clerk, to record busi- 
ness transacted in the north end and report to the clerk, 
U. T. Forney. 

An election of deacons resulted in the choice of Bro. 
Clarence O. Wells and Bro. M. M. Beeghly. Brethren J. 
B. Shank and Paul Mohler were advanced to the full 
ministry and the second degree respectively. 

Saturday, Dec. 19, Eld. Shorb, of Surrey, came to work 
with us. Each evening since, except one, he has preached 
to attentive audiences in the Ellison house. The attend- 
ance has increased steadily when the weather has permit- 
ted.- Several day meetings have also been held. Last 
evening the mercury was sixteen degrees below zero, yet 
a large congregation assembled. Two Sunday-school 
scholars have come to Christ, and others, we think, will 

The sermons have been strong, vigorous and enthusi- 
astic. We are thankful to God for the revival of his work 
at this place. 

After the regular services on' Sunday, Dec. 26, Sunday 
school was reorganized, with brethren Wm. Spidle and C. 
O. Wells superintendent and assistant respectively, and 
Davis Shank clerk. Sunday school starts off with a large 
attendance and, we hope, a solid foundation for good 
work _ Paul Mohler. 

Lansing, N. Dak., Jan. 4. 

Our Helping Hand Society wishes to express thanks 
for the following donations received during the month of 

Sisters' Aid society, Mill Creek, Va., one box clothing; 
Missionary Sewing Circle of the Coventry Brethren 
church, Pottstown. Pa., one barrel clothing; Sisters' Aid 


Bro. Chas. Hilary and wife, who have done much mis- 
sion work, have consented to labor in our district. They 
will open the first Brethren's mission in the city of Wi 
nona, Minn., about April 1. Brother and Sister Hilary 
have labored long lor the Master and realize, as does 
the mission hoard, that it will take persistent efforts, 
with the help of Christ, t<> accomplish much in a city that 
is unacquainted with our doctrine. To our knowledge 
there is not one member i>i the Brethren church living 
in this city of eighteen thousand souls. Is there not a 
consecrated brother or sister in our district who would 
be willing to go and labor with Brother and Sister Hilary 
for the salvation of these people? May they have the 
prayers and encouragement ot the district in their work 
of love. 

Bro. O. J. Beaver, our evangelist, is at present opening 
the mission work at Aberdeen, S. Dak., after which he 
will go lo his home [or a much-needed rest. His family 
is now being visited, by the hand of affliction. Remem- 
ber them all at the throne of grace. 

The interest on the district endowments, which is due 
Jan. 1 of each year, is coming in slowly. 

One of the prcsing nccUs now is more ministers whom 
we can locate at some of our outpOStfl. If any of our 
ministers who are looking for a location in a good farm- 
ing community should sec this, please write the foreman 
or secretary of our board. We are in a position to assist 
financially to some extent, and some of our points need a 
minister badly. A. G. Mcsser, Sec. 

Grundy Center, Iowa, Jan. 7. 


We held a business meeting Jan. 2, and the first Sat- 
urday of every month we have these meetings to give a 
report to the Messenger of the work done here. Bro. 
Garher made twenty-six calls and distributed fifteen hun- 
dred Messengers. Sister Jacobs, an aged woman, distrib- 
uted fifteen hundred, made one hundred and seventy live 

,-.,lls and distributed ninety-eight pieces of clothing among 

those who did not have any thing to wear to Sunday 
school. The amount of clothing we have been giving out 
is about forty pieces a day. 

We trust all the members will have the mission work at 
heart, and will still send u.s their offerings of food, cloth- 
ing and bedding for the poor and needy of this city. If 
you could only see the pitiful, hungry little faces on the 
street your hearts would be touched with sympathy. It 
makes one's heart ache to see them these cold winter 
days; and we cannol do this work without your help and 
assistance. It makes us feel thankful that those whom we 
meet and help come 10 Sunday school and preaching. We 
have received three tons of clothing and food in the last 
four or five weeks for the benefit of the poor and needy. 
Many a poor family has been made happy in their humble 
little collage by the kindness of the brethren and sisters. 

Last Sunday was the opening of our Sunday school and 
the beginning of our work. On account of finances we 
could not rent the hall m the east part of the city, and 
Bro Fry opened his house for the present time for Sunday 
school at 10 o'clock; preaching at 11 o'clock*ach Sunday 
innrning. The attendance the opening Sunday was twen- 
ty-seven, and the house was full at preaching. The hall 
on Si Joe avenue is our main point, and the opening Sun- 
day was Jan. 10. The day was so stormy and disagreeable 
we had an attendance of only 137. If the day had been 
fair the attendance would have been a great deal larger. 

Sister Grove, who was anointed, is able to be up again. 
We send words of thanks to all those who have so kindly 
helped us in this great and noble work. Please send all 
offerings of clothing, food and Messengers to C. S. Gar- 
ber, 2424 North 7 th St., St. Joseph, Mo. Minnie Deal. 

Jan. 12. 

»- r 'T»VL-i>V.l 



,.,;.!, it new life, and should bring 
A new year bring i w th it new ^ 

with „ new and fresh love . o How 

fTw sTlo" ', GoTi^, fnd he'that love.h is 
fall God « of 10 Lord Jcs „ s to give „s 

born of God. Shall w« 'J°l succe s S fully this wonder- 

possible by showing it to them? 

Any person can on any oecas.on know whether 
he loves; he never need be in any doubt bout. T* 

Udall. Kans. , . 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-Ja nuary 23. '9° ^ 

^~+rtt "hni riS^E 

abundantly bless the < h ' f^^^"'^ blasting 
work may P-°" ' d '« "'^E. Myers, Sup,. 
monument to our uoa, 
Chicago, III. Jan. 10. 

Jan. , the brethren and sisters of the LincoU, church 

. in council The business was disposed of in a Lhns 

met in council. 1 ^ ^^ not ac . 

U ' n , „T. he charg i became necessary to make another 
:ree 8 which Tesulted in the choosing of the wr.ter to 

hr, will at once take charge of the mission work. The 


be , on Sunday school-, a!so regular church servK 

„d Sunday school a, .lie churehhouse, 22nd and Q I S t Th. 

good work may go on. 
R. F. D. No. 3. Jan- 3- 

A REVIEW OF 1903- 

'"what t h.r.1... G.d h.ih jri-d '" ■"■"■^°°; °"° "" •"""'"•" 
BEACHLEy-ECKER-At the_ home of the brides 

ley, both of the vicinity of Franldm^rove, ^ Bonsack 
BOOSE-JOHE^By the undlrsign^d^at^is^ome in 

i^Kre^.^sfst'er'^ic A. Johe, of Intercourse, 

Pa. . . , 

CLA M AR - S !^C A o' Pa Ty^.D-Se". Barren?; 

r^r/n-d iMcM Dec. «^gj ^ ^ 

DICKEY-ECKER-At the home of he ^*J£_ 
^^"XrX^ Dickey, both 
of the vicinity of Franklin Grove, Uj^ ^ ^^ 

niTrH— SWANGER.— Dec. 24, 1903, at the home of 
IMilK E. Swanger. all of Fredericksburg, toj* 

wnWFRY— FREAD.— At the residence of the bride's 
pa r m*hi Btiffalocotinty Nebraska Dec. 30 , 903, Mr. 
Samuel C. Mowery and Sister Mabel R ^ F || a ^ orney . 

ROSS— MOWERY.-At the bride's residence near Ar- 
ca&r, De. 8, ,903, Bro. D. M. Ross ^nd Sister Flo- 
rilla M. Mowery. 

STRAYER— WARD.— At the home of the brides par- 

ion county, Kans. 


As we come to the close of another year, we feel to 
say w" . a ob of old, We are not-worthy of the least of 
a 1 .blessings which the Lord has bestowed on us. 
We have been richly blessed with bountiful crops during 
Ae pas. season, our Good Shepherd has kindly watched 
over our little church in Grand Valley, the death ang. 
has nol been allowed to visit any of our families n the 
past year, and very little sickness has been amongs Ub. 

A number of our brethren and sisters moved our 
midst during the year, and one minister, which was a 
very desr hie addidon .0 our official body. The majority 
of our members who have moved .0 Grand Valley during 
the year have located near Fruita, where we expect to see 
a strong congregation built up in the near future. 

Bro A. A. Weaver, of Mound C.ty, Mo., bought a farm 
near the church and will move here in a short time We 
heartily welcome their coming. Many of our people are 
learning of the advantages of western Colorado and are 
turning their faces towards this genial clime. We would 
like to sec the Brethren possess this good land. 

Now, as we on a new year, may we all resolve to 
do more and better work for Christ and the church. We 
are glad 10 note here that the Messenger is a regular vis- 
itor in all our homes in Grand Valley church, one or 
two exceptions. Let us all study its pages and obey its 
teachings. God bless the writers and editors 

D. M. Click. 
Grand Junction, Colo., Jan. 2. 


This was a heading used by the Society Editor of the 
Saturday Tribune. In the short article he told the people 
of the city that a company of young people had turned 
out in old clothes and scrubbed the floor of a store room 
in which they expected to start a Sunday school. The 
American and Record-Herald also thought enough of the 
event to pufclish it. Praise the Lord, it is true that nearly 
a score of our young men and women living on Jackson 
boulevard, Ashland avenue and other streets commonly 
called aristocratic met and scrubbed the floor. This is a 
great lesson to Chicago society. It would not be much 
.hough, of in the country, but in the city i. is very differ- 
ent. Scrubbing is done by scrub women and not by busy 
young people. We are proud of our young people. Most 
of them are from country homes and not afraid or 
ashamed to do work of any kind. This afternoon at 
2:45 sixty-eight persons gathered in our clean room, 
which is located at 406 Van Buren St., and organized a 

" Blesied »re the dead which die in the Lord, 
nun, noft.™ °t owi*" »■«« H ™ """ " ot p » b1 "" 1 - 
Co^P^^ed^ir'ye^tnd^d-ays: ISt ^ 

-^ by Eld - E G = Botr 

RAILY Mariah B., of the Antioch church, Ind., born 
i„ Wayne county, Indiana, moved with her parents the 
same fall to Hunlington county, Indiana, died Jan. 8, 
Jo? aged ° 4 years, 5 months and . day. At the age of 
e^enSn sta united 5 with the Brethren .church being 
h-mlized at Dora by Daniel Sh.deler. She lived a de 
voted Christhtn life June .6, 1870. she was united in 
marriage oWm. E. Baily. To this union two sons 
were born, both of whom survive her. Her husband 
died tartM. She leaves two sons, three brothers and 
Three sisters Her life was one of unceasing toil. Fu- 
ller" ." Monument City, Ind., by Eld. Noah Fisher.from 
2 Tim. 4: 6-S. 

BOCK Everct Earl, son of Joseph Bock, died in the 
Howard congregation; Howard county Ind., Dec .26 
,nn> aired 17 years, 4 months and JO days. His nome 
was 'in North Dakota, but he had recently come here 
on a visit but soon died of tuberculosis .of the. brain 
He "eaves a father, two brothers and one sister. Funeral 
services by Eld. Houk. Ida A. Brubaker. 

BONEBRAKE, Vcrna, died at her home near South 
WliHcIv Ind. Dec. .6. .903, aged .8 years, 4 mon hs 
and 5 nays Scarlet fever laid hold on her On the 
day of her death at .0 A. M„ she walked ... her room, 
a '2 P M she was cold in death. She leaves a father, 
mother' and brother. Funeral took place Sunday,. Jan. 
, near her home, in the U. B. church. Services con- 
ducted by the writer, assisted by Mr. Ryerhy of the^U. 
B. church. 

BOWMAN Bro. John, died near Antioch church, 
Franklm , county V... Dec. 29. .903, aged. 82 years 9 
months and 18 days. His death was very unexpected, 
fs he was sick only two days. Bro Bowman was born 
near Bethlehem church, Franklin Co., Va and spent 
most of his life as a faithful brother and deacon Hs 
wife having preceded him. he died at the home of his 
on Bro Isaac Bowman. Services a. Ant.och church 
b Eld Henry Ikenberry and Amos Peters, of North 
&£t fe/wluch he was laid .0 res,,,, th^home 
graveyard, J 

BOWSER, Sister Susan E., died in the Glade Run 
church, Armstrong Co.. Pa.. Dec. 27, .903, of typhoid 
l.ver aeed 20 years, 5 months and 20 days. She died 
at .he home of her brother. She united with the Breth- 
ren church Oct. 4. 1902. Funeral services conducted b> 
Bro C O Beery. Interment in Glade Run cemetery. 
' Viola Bowser. 

COOPER Mr. John A., died in the Baltimore hospi- 
tal, Dec. 30.' 1903. aged 35 years. 11 months and 14 days. 
He was brought to his home at W Va. on 
New Year's day for burial. He was the son of Brother 
Christian and Sister Christena Cooper, deceased. He 
leaves one brother and five sisters. Cora A. Harman. 

her to the spirit world. One broth , ^.. .^ 

FunerTsTrvicef SuctiTby Bro. Silas Gilbert and 
Bro. John Cakerice from Rev. 14: >3- ^^ Messer 
FRFDER1CK Bro. Albert U., son of Eld. Jacob E 

bf Eld S C V Smith, of the Thornapp.e^hurch.^^ 

and Mary A garret 1 . a ft months and days 

| V e"ef?a C nobie ,9 ex 3 a'mpTe«f1if y e for one so young .n years. 
Services by the writer, from . Peter .: .4. 15. A Roo[ 

rl ,, r iiB i, co b died of heart failure, near George- 
, Ohfo Tan V' 1004. aged 60 years, 6 months and .3 


writer. ■ . . 

HTNKLE Mary, wife of Bro. Cornelius Hmkle; near 

E - n KrS.^- 'at'^um^t? Sng- 
hZse'by Bro 4 &L laker. Andrew Bowser. 

HORNER,, Bro. Harvey in the bounds > of the .Johns- 
town congregation Pa., Dec 20 100 ag 9 , 

;,"Si"*.;;..i-5.™. s »Vr.s£ 

church cemetery. 

K-FTTER Sister Hannah, of Parkerford church, Ches- 
^S5 d Htr D h^d^acon d AUr K e^ 

till death. Funeral serv.ces from Psa. ". ^4^1^ 
undersigned. . . 

ed by Eld. D. Hays. 

LECKRON, Marilla, nce/lower^born near^M. .Jlter- 

was caused by heart trouble. She was united in mar- 

Reuben Shroyer. Text, Kev. 14.13- iu 

LONG, Sister Sarah, nee Lookingbill, died in Yale 


from Rev. 2: 17. J ' ' 1 

MACKEY, Sister Mary B„ died Jan. i W '» * | 

,o l mon,hsand» G ^ 

1, .1 Ve writer from the text of her selection 2 Tim 4- 
0-V " survived by a husband and^ne dauglne. 

^t ^'^bo^ e ,n C S^isef d otn,y:^enn d y I 
Flemin'g ' To this' unfon' were born six children of who. 

en"' , so l "h > oTsta.:"c 5 en a .e?; MafsL.Tco Iowa, in 18*- 
n ^ f l™W F E M phch« rV p"tor lV o r f e .he° C d hnsa d an a chS. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 



days He was born in Cumberland county, 
Lnia. March 31, 1846, he was married to Eliz- 
He ca 

immediate vicinity 
the father of two 


^uTS and has lived in 
Hl' n0,s ', '.". ,i™ since then. He 

of the time 

He \ 

a member of the Breth- 

'^Af^^^"^^^ ] ^s w %: "? tha i 

was universally loved and respected The funeral 

v« were conducted by Bro. P. R. Keltner, of Ster- 

assisted by the home brethren. D. B. Senger. 

"ff'rrTER Bro. Ephrami T., died Jan, 2, 1904, in the 

J J Branch congregation, Carroll Co., Md., aged 61 

^ ea 8 months and 11 days. He had lost the entire use 

1 - s limbs for more than a year, caused from exposure 

L war He leaves a wife and five sons. Funeral 

1 • « hv 'Eld J. H. Utz, assisted by Eld. George Bow- 

* C from Psa 17:15. at the Shull meetinghouse, after 

remains were laid to rest in the Silver Run 

Margaret E. Utz. 

died in Goshen, 

■hich th< 


MILLER, Sister Saloma. nee Leslie, 

a Ian S 1904, of old age, aged 86 years, 7 months and 

Lv<. ' She was born in Montgomery county, Ohio. 

qi was married to Bro. David S. Miller Aug. 14. 1834- 

R this union were born seven children. Two of them 

eded her to the spirit world. Her husband died 


Saloma was a 

spirit world. 

"n the Brethren church. Sister 

qa? He was a dw— 

- devoted Christian, having united with the 

Funeral services 

Bend, and Geo. 

J. H. Miller. 

■Brethren church in her youthful days. 
w brethren Geo. D. Zollers, of South 
Jwihart, of Goshen. 

M T] LER Susan, died in Broadway, Va., at the home 
I her daughter, Mrs. Nannie Foley, Dec 20, 1903, aged 
7 years, 6 months and 7 days. Her husband, Bro. St. 
"bir Miller, died some years ago. She has been a mem- 
: er of the Linville Creek, Va., church all her Christian 
We Funeral service at the Creek house. Service by 
Elders J. P- Zither and D. Hays. Michael Zigler. 

PEFFLY Bro. Joseph B., of near New Paris, Ind., 
lied Jan 3 ' 1904, at the home of his son, Jacob, aged 75 
.ears o months and 20 days. He leaves five sons and 
f ur' 'daughters, his wife and two children having pre- 
eded him He was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, 
nd when young came to Elkhart county, and with the 
fcxeeotion of a few years has lived here ever since. Fu- 
leral services conducted by brethren Jos. Hartzoug 1 and 
Henry Neff. J- °- Culler - 

PHILLIPS, Sister Lottie M., of Brooklyn, N. Y.. died 
n 7 JO04, aged 15 years, 5 months and 18 days. She 
■was baptized June 20, 1901, and lived a most devoted and 
•xemplary life. We miss her much in all our services. 
Though young yet she was a most extraordinary sister 
nd earnest Sunday-school teacher. Her last reading 
vas John 14, and this we used as her text Services by 
he writer and Eld. A. C. Wieand. J. Kurtz Miller. 

RUPERT, Bro. Michael, of near Bigmount, York Co., 
1, died Dec. 7, 1903. aged 77 years, 10 months and 14 
ays Services at the Mennonite church at Voltaire by 
lr Jacob Hershey (Mennonite) and Bro. D. H. Baker. 
Andrew Bowser. 

, SCHENCK, Alma Belle,* daughter of Mr. John and 
Bister John Schenck, died Dec. 28, 1903, at Elkhart, Ind., 
Heath resulting from accident near boiler, she being 
Scalded to death by escaping steam, aged 8 years, 8 
inonths and 14 days. Services by the writer. 

Ezra Flory. 

SEARS, Sister Mary, widow of Bro. James Sears, died 
the home of her daughter, in Colony, Kans., Dec. 18, 
103, aged 81 years, 3 months and 13 days. Her home 
fcas in Leon, Iowa. For more than a quarter of a cen- 
she was a faithful member of the Brethren church. 
the remains were brought here. Services at the Frank- 
church; interment in the near by cemetery by the side 
|f husband and two children. L. M. Kob. 

\ SHARP, Sister Anna, died on Back Creek, Sunrise, 
_., Dec. 20, 1903, aged 82 years, 2 months and 3 days. 
|ister Anna was a consistent member, of the Brethren 
lurch for several years. She leaves a son and daugh- 
r. Jennie B. McAllister. 

I SHELLER, Bro. Daniel, born in Franklin county, 
Pennsylvania, departed this life at the home of his son 
Grundy county, Iowa, Jan. 5, "904. aged 86 years 3 
tionths and 11 days. When about twenty-four years old 
moved to Carroll county, Illinois. In August, 1842, 
married Catharine Strickler, who departed this life 
Bjne 3, 1884. They moved to Grundy county, Iowa, in 
" where he resided until his death. He leaves one 
■rother and three children. He joined the Brethren 
Ihisrch soon after his marriage and was elected to the 
Beacon's office in 1867, in which office he served faith- 
Tilly until old age deprived him of his ability to work. 
xal services were held at the Ivestcr church, Bro. 
Gilbert assisted by Bro. C. M. Garner preaching 
|om Job 14: 14. Hannah Messer, 

} SHUEY, Sister Hannah M., nee Reed, died at her 
|ome in Norton county, Kansas, Dec. 24, 1903, aged 79 
^ears and 10 months. She was born in Lancaster coun- 
Pennsylvania; was united in marriage with Silas 
huey in Fountain county, Indiana, in February, 1847; 
1 which union ten children were born, six of whom re- 
■ain. Her husband preceded her six years ago. She 
ped a consistent Christian life. Services by the writer, 
fsisted by Bro. A. J. Wertenberger, from Psa. 116: 15. 
pterment in the Maple Grove cemetery. 

G. M. Throne, 
nee More, wife of Lemuel Skin- 

months. Sister Smith was born in London. She came 
to America at the age of twelve years. In 1S67 she was 
united in marriage to Bro. John Smith. She was a mem- 
ber of the Brethren church thirty-one years. She leaves 
a husband and three daughters. Funeral was preached 
by the undersigned in the Christian church in Thomp- 
son. W. H. Eisenbise, 

SNYDER, Sister Sarah, died Dec. 31. 1903. >" the 
Piney Creek congregation, Carroll Co.. Md., aged about 
65 years. She was never married. She lived with her 
cousin, Mr. James Haines, for many years, where she 
was cared for in her declining days. Funeral services at 
the house, conducted by elders J. H. Utz and Ed. A. 
Snader, from Rev. 20: 12, after which her remains were 
laid to rest in the Presbyterian cemetery. 

Margaret E. Utz. 
STRAYER, Sister Susannah Knable, born in Cambria 
county, Pennsylvania, died at the home of Samuel Wa- 
ters, her son-in-law, at Hudson, Blackhawk Co., Iowa, 
Jan.' 3, 1904, aged Si years. 10^ inonths and 1 day. She 
was united in marriage to Joseph Strayer March 28, 1839. 
To this union were born five sons and seven daughters- 
three sons and two daughters survive her. She united 
with the Brethren church at the age of seventeen years 
and remained faithful. Funeral occasion improved by 
Eld. S. H. Miller, assisted by the writer. L. R. Peifer. 

STUFF, Sister Annie Eliza, nee Newcomer, born in 
Washington county, Md., died at the home of her dam 

She died near Orrville, Ohio. She was a member of the 
Wooster church. She leaves a husband and three chil- 
dren. Funeral services were held at the Paradise church 
by Bro. D. M, Irvin. She was buried in Orrville ceme- 
tery. Maria Runkle. 

YOUNG, Samuel D.. born in Huntingdon county. 
Pennsylvania, died in Nappance, Ind., Aug. 17, 1903, aged 
75 years, n mouths and 15 days. He with his parents 
moved to Ashland county, Ohio, when he was about 
nine years old. He was there married to Mary Thomas, 
Feb. 3, 1853. In the fall of 1S54 he moved to Marion 
county, Indiana; from there to Elkhart county in 1856. 
and has been n resident of said county ever since. To 
this union five sons and two daughters were born, of 
whom one daughter and three sons preceded him to the 
spirit world. There remain his companion and three 
children. Funeral services at the Nappanee church by 
the undersigned, assisted by David Metzler. 

Daniel Wysong. 

Ruth the Trueflearted 


Sister Alice Powell, in the Pine Creek church, Ogle 
Co., 111., Jan. 7, 1904. aged 83 years, 2 months and is 
days. She was united in marriage with Jeremiah Stuff 
March 29, 1838, who preceded her in death forty-two 
years. To this union were born one son and four daugh- 
ters all living. She united with the Brethren church in 
1842, having served her Master faithfully for over sixty- 
one years. Funeral services conducted by M. S. New- 
comer, assisted by D. E. Price, from John 11:26. 

C. C. Price. 
TATE, Bro. Thomas, died at his home in Baltimore, 
Maryland, of typhoid pneumonia Dec. 27, 1903. aged 
64 years and 24 days. Funeral services in the Brethren 
church in Westminster by elders J. O. Bricker and C. D. 
Bonsack. Interment in the Westminster cemetery. 

W. E. Roop. 
TROSTEL, Delia Mae. daughter of Brother and Sis- 
ter Geo. W. Trostel. died in the Perry congregation, 
Perry Co., Pa., Dec. 12, 1903, aged 22 years and 14 days. 
For about nine months she had been slowly failing from 
the disease that had been preying upon her body 
(Greave's disease). During the summer she had been 
at a hospital in Philadelphia. Pa„ for treatment. She 
apparently was much better, but taking a slight cold in 
a couple days she passed away of pulmonary conges- 
lion Delia was a kind, tender-hearted girl, universally 
respected. Her remains were conveyed from the home 
of her parents to the Three Spring cemetery, where serv- 
ices were conducted by the writer, assisted by Bro. David 
Roth, from Jer. 15:9- E - D ' Book ' 

TROSTEL, Elizabeth E.. wife of Bro. Geo. W. Tros- 
tel, of the Perry congregation, Pa., died Dec. 28 1903, 
aged 51 years, 9 months and 2 days. She took a chill at 
the grave on the day of the burial of her daughter, which 
resulted in pneumonia and nervous prostration, from 
which she died. She united with the Brethren church 
early in life and continued faithful in the service of her 
Master unto death. Sister Trostel will be greatly missed 
in our neighborhood and especially in the church. 1 he 
funeral took place Dec. 30, her husband being in bed 
sick She leaves a husband, two sons, two daughters and 
five stepchildren. Her remains were conveyed to the 
Three Spring cemetery and laid beside her daughter, 
who preceded her but a few days. Services conducted by 
the writer, assisted by Bro. David Roth, from 1 Peter I: 

E. D. Book. 

WINKLER, Sister Mary Ann, nee Moyer, died Dec. 
14 1903, aged 69 years, II months and 12 days. She was 
born in Pennsylvania and moved to Ohio in her youth. 

A Beautiful Story of a Noble Woman, 

a Story that Will Delight 

All Who Read It. 

The Character Represented Will Thrill 

Young Hearts and Inspire Them 

to Live More Devoted Lives. 

A Must Charming Story. I'rice, 35 Cents. 


Elgin, Illinois. 


To Christian Workers' Societies. 

The Missionary Visitor will contain comments on the 

topics for (lie entire year. In order In k<'| ahead run- 

month the February number will contain two months 

In order to introduce the Visitor, we will send 



As many Visitors to one address as there are homes rep- 
resented in the meetings. A special price will be made 
to clubs of this kind. Send in your orders now, and do 
not wait until the February number is printed and then 
expect to get back numbers. Address all orders to 
Elgin, Illinois. 

ISKINNER, Margaret, _ 

W- died at her home, five miles north of Nappanee, 
P d - Jan. 5, 1904, aged 54 years and 2 days. She was 
Juried to Lemuel Skinner March 15, 1881. To this 
P.ion four children were born. One preceded her to the 
r lr!T w °rld. Funeral services at the Union Center house 
the undersigned, assisted by Bro. Alexander Miller. 
Daniel Wysong. 
SLUDER, Catharine, died Jan. 5, 1904, at the home of 
F r s on, Bro. T. N. Sluder (a deacon), aged 81 years and 
, ™° n ths. Funeral services conducted by our elder, D. 
Uagner, from Job 7. Remains were laid to rest in 
jf Kaskaskia cemetery. Ida Waddelow. 

»MITH, Sister Mary Ann, died at her home in Thomp- 
- Carroll Co., 111., Dec. 14, 1903, aged 55 years and 3 

The Gospel Messenger and "Eternal Verities" 

A Combination Offer that is Appreciated by All. 

The thirteenth thousand is now being printed. If you want to get so valuable a 
book as " Eternal Verities " for so small a sum as 25 cents additional, send in your 
orders now. The Gospel Messenger 1 year and " Eternal Verities," combined, only 
$1.75. Regular price of book alone, $1.25; Messenger, one year, $1.50. 

To the Old Friends of the Messenger: 

Tell your neighbors about this special offer and help widen the influence of our 
church paper. _ 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Peryonr special oBer find ended* for which please send .he Gospel Messenger to anaary. ,*,. 

in combinaL wl* - Eternal Verities." (Fill out the year and if ■■ Eternal Ver.ties ,. no, wanted, cross out) 


Post Office, 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1904. 


nAM^iofnrV — Rro lohn W. Lear, of Cerrogordo, 111-, 

The "iterance is good. Four have, been added t o our 
number since my last rcport.-John E. Mctzgcr, R. R. 2, 
Rossville, Ind., Jan. 17. 

Fairfax church met in council Jan. 9- Eld. S. A. Sanger 
nrfsTding. Two letter, of membership were received. 
The church decided to continue the present Sunday- 
Soot officers another year. The sisters were -ome 
to meet Jan. 16 to organize a Suiters Aid society, ine 
writer was appointed church correspondent for one year. 
-Kate S. Mill". Vienna, Va., R. D. No. 2, Jan. 14. 

Notice.— The annual ministerial and Bible institute of 
Northern Indiana will be held Feb. . to 15, in the Un on 
Center church. Eld. E, B. Hoff, of North Manchester, 
fad will be he principal instructor. He will also give 
ectures during the institute from Ins trip tc , the Holy 
Land. Some other brethren will assist in teaching. W 
trus every elder and minister of Northern Indiana will 
bend heir efforts toward making Ibis institute a great 
force or good in our churches, and hope all our church 
workers will try t'o arrange to be present. Come with 
^ r Bblcs and y prayci-. ana «*« •«" opportunity of these 
two weeks of special Bible study and consccranon.-E. 
L Heestand. Sec, Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 18. 

North Manchester.-Bro, E. M. Cobb is conducting our 
meeting, at the college. The chape is overflowing with 

tcrcMed people. Four have already come ou for the 
lord After *e meetings Bro. Cobb will give his series 
of illustrated lectures—Mary Ncher, North Manchester, 

"chewelah.-Oui scries of meetings, by Bro. Sherman 
Clanner began Dee. 26 and continued till Jan. 3- All 
Sem S'be DUilt up. Our Sunday school is we attended. 
We reorganized our Sunday school Jan. 3, with Bro L. 
E McFarlen superintendent and Sister Delphene Mctcalf 
assistant, will, a full corps of officers and teachers—Mary 
C Hixson. Chewelah, Wash., Jan. IS. 

Dayton— Our meetings are still in progress, with the 
best of interest and attention. Eight have applied for 
membership. Two were received by letter. Total to 
dale, ten— Elmer Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 18. 

Mifflintown.— Our church, the Farmers Grove, belongs 
10 what is known as the Perry congregation, comprising a 
portion Of each of Juniata and Perry counties Bro. E. U. 
Book, of Blain, Pa„ is the elder in charge. Tile Farmers 
drove church is on the Juniata side of the Tuscaroro 
mountains. We had a pleasant council on New Year s 
day It was presided over by Bro. Isaac Book. Preach- 
ing service- the following Sunday by Bro. J. C. Swigart, 
of Strodcs Mills, Pa. During the following week a series 
of meetings was held by Bro- Swigart, assisted by Bro. W. 
B Zimmerman, at the Walnut The meet- 
ings were the means of greatly strengthening the cause at 
that place— J. W. Replngle, Mifflintown, Pa„ Jan. 14. 

Conemaugh— Wc have just closed a glorious series of 
meetings at the Locust Grove meetinghouse, Johnstown 
congregation, conducted by Bro, Win. F. Spidle, of Slur- 
levsburg Pa He preached nineteen sermons. Fourteen 
precious" souls were added to the church by baptism and 
four reclaimed The meetings were well attended and the 
best of interest was manifested.— Annie Ribblctt, Cone- 
maugh. Pa„ Jan. 1.1. . 

Troutville— Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger came to this place 
Dec 26 to conduct a singing for us, which he did to the 
entile satisfaction of all who attended. Bro. Holsinger 
taught a class for us five years ago, and wc were truly 
glad to have him with us again. We feel that our lime 
and money were well spent. I do not sec how anyone 
could attend one of Bro. Holsingcr's classes and not see 
and realize new beauties in song service.— J. W. bliaver, 
Troutville, Va„ Jan. 13. 

tained by using the same straight-cut methods m every 
locality. This will apply to getting people into the 
church, and to holding them after they are in. We have 
seen some very bad results by using the same methods 
in dealing with members. In a family where there are 
■, number of children different methods are used in their 
training because of their different dispositions. The 
same is true in the schoolroom, and should be true in 
training members of the church. 

Here in Richland county, Wisconsin, the same princi- 
ples are used in farming as are used in. Ogle county, 
Illinois, one hundred and fifty miles distant, but differ- 
ent methods are employed because of different condi- 
tions Our Lord used different methods in his ministry. 
To the blind man he said, " Go wash." To the lepers 
"Go shew yourselves to the priest." To the palsied 
man "Rise up and walk." etc. So in his teaching he 
used different methods, but always the same principle. 
For example, he used one method in the case of the 
Syro-phenician woman, another with the woman at Ja- 
cob's well. Some of the methods used fifty or one hun- 
dred years ago by our Brethren might not bring the 
best results to-day, on account of the change of condi- 
tions Wc see the need of the change of methods very 
clearly in the many minutes of Annual Meeting that have 
become obsolete. The best methods to apply gospel 
principles would in my judgment be a very appropriate 
subject for the ministerial meetings all over our beloved 
Brotherhood. To know a thing is very important, but 
to know how to do that thing to bring about the best 
results is equally important. D. A. Rowland. 

Viola, Wis. 


The Bible institute al Bridgewater College for 1904 is 
expected to begin at 9:40 A. M. Monday, Jan. 18. and 
close Friday afternoon, Jan. 29. The regular work will 
cover five or six forty-minute periods per day. 

Each evening Bro. I. D. Parker, of Indiana, will preach 
in college chapel, beginning Saturday evening, Jan. 16. 

On Tuesday. Jan. 19, will be held special exercises of 
gratitude for our new three-story brick building and for 
our new central steam heating plant. Special addresses 
will be made by brethren H. C. Early, 1. D. Parker, D. H. 
Zigler, D. C. Flory, and others will also participate ill the 

The present session of the college thus far has been one 
of the very best in the history of the institution, and per- 
haps the largest. The. First and Second Districts of West 
Virginia have within the last few months united with the 
First District of Virginia in the ownership of Bridgewater 
College, and have appointed the trustees. 

Wc earnestly invite our dear brethren to assemble with 
us as far as possible at all the programs of our Bible in- 
stitute, and sincerely solicit the prayers of those who can- 
not meet with us for the continued guidance and blessing 
of Providence upon the college. W. B. Yottnt. 

Jan. 4. _^_ 



The Sabbath Transferred, by Rev. Johns D. Parker, 
with an introduction by -Rev. F. N. Peloubet, and pub- 
lished by the author at East Orange, New Jersey is one 
of the most instructive and scholarly books on the Sab- 
bath question that we have ever read. The author en ten 
a new field, and undertakes to prove, by the original 
Greek text, that the Sabbath of the Old Testament was 
actually transferred to the first day of the week in the 
new dispensation. He appears to be quite familiar with 
the Greek, and his citations from the Greek New Testa- 
ment are-numerous on the subject of the transfer. He 
shows most conclusively that the first day of the week is 
called by the same term employed to designate the Sab- 
bath of the law, only the plural instead of the singular 
form is used. It is a book that needs to be read with 
close attention, and those who read the Greek will find 
the work intensely interesting. It will, bear repeated 
readings. Bound in cloth, 230 pages. Price, 

Mormonism Exposed, by G. B. Hancock, Scholten, 
Mo price, S1.00, cloth binding, is one of the most inter- 
esting and pointed works that wc have yet seen against 
the Mormon delusion. The author understands his sub- 
ject and knows how to argue the case No one can read 
this exposition and not realize what a deception Mormon- 
ism is, . 

Glad Tidings, A. S. Barnes and Co., New York pub- 
lishers price 30 cents, is a collection of hymns and mu- 
sic, new and old, for Sunday school and praise services. 
W. E. Mason is the author of the music. 

Every Creature, by M. T. Lamb, American Baptist 
Publication Society. Philadelphia, treats a most impor- 
tant question in a very instructive and inspiring manner. 
How to reach the unsaved classes here in America, as 
well as elsewhere, is.the problem, and the author in con- 
sidering the subject says some things that ought to be 
read and pondered by every minister. It is a fine little 
booklet for an evangelist. Paper cover. Price, 15 cents. 


To All Who Have Been Students or Teachers at 
Bridgewater College. 

In the history of Bridgewater College, that is- now b 
ing prepared by the Alumni Association, is to be inserted 
a complete roster of all regular students that have at 
tended the' school from its beginning, at Spring Creek 
Va., in the fall of 1880. We desire to give in this roste 
not only the name and address of every student as give, 
in the old catalogues, but also the present address of ev 
ery one, and the present name of every lady student tha 
has married since leaving school. We also desire short 
biographical sketches of all teachers and graduates. Of 
all students, therefore, graduates and non-graduates, w ; 
specially request that you send at once, to the address 
below, your name and present address, giving also your 
name and address as they were when you were at col- 
lege. Of all graduates and teachers we request, in addi- 
tion, a biographical sketch of not over 200 words. If you 
know certainly of the death of any old student or teach- 
er please forward information of the fact. 

John Walter Wayland. 

1229 W. Main St., Charlottesville. Va. 

India; A Problem 


The Bench and Bar of Illinois, or Equal Suffrage, is the 
title of a s2-page booklet devoted to the doctrine of equal 
suffrage of both sexes. Here lawyers and judges from 
•ill parts of the State give expressions of opinion regard- 
ing woman suffrage. It is maintained that women have 
just as good a right to vote as the men. Correct, and 
when they do get the ballot the saloons must go or else 
wc shall have to say that the women in this respect are 
no belter than the present "lords of creation. Price, 10 
cents. Catharine Waught McCulloch, Evanston, 111, pub- 

New and Revised Edition Jnst from the Press, 

Thousands ol 

these books havt 
been sold and there 
will be thousands 
more sold. Tht 
book sells strictly 
on its merits. It 
contains a very 
large number of it 
lustrations which il 
lustrate the reading 
matter and bring 
the picture of India 
vividly before yout 

Agents Wanted 

It is a book thatl 

will sell to anyone! 

who is interested tor 

missions. If your township has not been canvassed, writJ 

to us to-day for particulars. Be sure to give name oi| 

township and county. 

Price of book in cloth, $1.25; full morocco, $2.00. 


Elgin, Illinois. 

In editorial notes of Gospel Messenger, last volume, 
page 793, we have a timely article on the subject of meth- 
od. It is not our object to try to improve on this article, 
but to get us as a people to think more along the line of 
method in the application of principle in the Lord's work 
of soul : saving. Our foreign missionaries in the different 
countries where they labor use different methods, because 
the conditions are different in the several countries where 
they labor. Just so in the homeland. Conditions differ 
in different localities, and the best results will not be ob- 

Lesson Commentary 

For 1904. 

— * — - 

A valuable aid in the study of the Sunday-school lesson. 
An enthusiastic and earnest teacher will not go before 
his class without a thorough preparation of the lesson, 
and in order that he may be prepared he will need the 
best of helps. If you have never used our commentary, 
give it a trial. . . 

It contains a complete Harmony of the Gospels, tne 
very latest maps, and a class record. The explanation of 
the lesson is given in such a clear manner that it is easily 
grasped. . . . . , 

To ministers of the Brethren church it is furnished free 
for the postage and packing, 16 cents. Price, 80 cents, 
postage prepaid. 


Elgin. Illinois. 

Self-Pronouncing | 





Lessons for 1904. 


Rev. J. M. Coon, A. M„ LL. »l 


Containing the Sundarl 
school lessons for 1004, w>»| 
proper names divided into syllables, and with acre T 
marks placed and vowel sounds »«.f»3 
Version changes, Golden Texts, Daily B ble Read nri 
Historical Setting, Lesson Titles, Suggestive ReadinPJ 
References, Lesson Analysts, Practical Thoughts a«| 
other helps and conveniences, such as Maps, SanOS 1 
school Class Book pages for personal use of teacher, e-| 
Vest pocket size, 2»4x5K inches and about ii n»* 
thick. Red linen, embossed and stamped in black, • 
cents; red morocco, embossed and stamped in gola,^ 
cents; red morocco, interleaved edition, two blank pas 
between each lesson for notes, 50 cents. 
Postpaid on receipt of price. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Gospel Messenger 


VOI,. 43. 

Elgin, III., January 30, 1904. 

No. 5, 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. Last week there was a battle in San Domingo be- 

. tween the rebels and the government forces. The pe- 

1 Training the Boys and Girls, 72 culiar thing about it was that before it began the corn- 
Death of Sister Brumbaugh 73 manders of the American and British warships there 

The End 6 "^! ^! . F °!!f. . ! '. ! ". *. ! '. i ! '. ! ! ! ! ! '. '. '. '. '. '. '. fs notified both sides what the utmost limits of the fight- 
Democratic Church Government 74 i n cr ZO ne would be, and gave them to understand that 

Paul's First Letter to Timothy 74 . . . ... ,, .... , ,, , 

The Famous Temple 74 "° "ghtmg would be allowed outside of that zone. 

Cleanliness and Godliness, 74 When the battle had continued long enough, eight 

Essays, — marines from the American warship were sent ashore 

" The Door Was Shut." By Jas. M. Neff, 66 - , , Am^rJmn flw tn mv Hmr t-Hp fio-Vitin<r must 

Perpetuity of Baptism. By John Calvin Bright 66 with the American Hag to sa\ that the righting must 

Where Jesus Instituted Feet-Washing. By B. E. stop. There seems to be no good way to put an end 

M^Moody'^ Education,' '. V. '. '. '. \ ! '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. ! ! '. '. f? to the fi ^ htin ^ w!lich the P"^ ° f the isIand "W 

Sunday School, Ministerial and District Meetings of j n S o frequently ; but it may be possible SO to restrict 

Texas and Louisiana. By J. H. Peck 67 . , . , j. mami w :n u* ,!,,„. 

The Man Who Dared to Think for Himself. By ll tnat less damage Wil l be done. 

J. S. Flory, 68 

Rewarding our Ministers. By J. F. Senften, 68 For a good many years China was the protector of 

Brooklyn Notes. By Elizabeth Howe 68 Th . , A[ fe { surveyors 

Straight Lines not Always Shortest, 09 o -■ 

A Pleasant Reminiscence. By J. E. Blough 69 were sent from Russia, and it is said a secret treaty was 

Tte & Mc^»/"t^^^"i^'E.'T^;.:* concluded which made the czar the protector of the 

"The Plug Blowed Out." By A. I. Mow, 70 country. A few months ago the viceroy of India sent 

The Sunday School,— some English troops to visit Lassa, the capital, in 

A Sabbath in Capernaum, 70 jn ler to promote Indian trade. They were not well 

Home and Family, — .. received, and now a larger force has been sent. The 

Hired Help. By D.MMohler . . 71 h n| b watched wit h interest. The time for 

Sisters Missionary Circle of Waynesboro, Pa 71 

Aid Society, Ashland, Ohio, 7 1 sending the expedition could hardly have been better 

The Aid Society of River Ind . 71 chosen _ for R uss ia has not proclaimed her protectorate 

Slate Creek Church Aid Society, Kans 71 r r 

Sisters>')\id Society at New Carlisle, Ohio 71 and is now fully occupied in settling the trouble with 

General Missionary and Tract Department, — Japan. Tibet is not valuable, but both Russia and 

The Cans and the Can't* 75 England would like to be in control there. The Eng- 

India Notes. By Eliza B. Miller 75 ..,--,, . . e , , 

From Sweden. By A. W. Vaniman, 75 bsh would not enjoy having so powerful and aggres- 

A Novel Method. By A. G. Cr oss white .. 75 s ; ve a neighbor to India: it \v»ild make their occupn- 

'""* — — -- — ~^ tion of India less secure. The Russians seem to want 

AROUND THE WORLD. it because their policy is to get possession of as much 
g.ufc.iijb- M * M ~ ^m. — ~-»^~s~~~ — ~. --a-- territory as possible in Asia. Neither power is over- 
scrupulous when there is a chance to extend its bor- 
ders. . 

Some months ago we said something about the sleep- 
ing sickness in Uganda, Africa. The following, con- 
cerning the disease, from the Scientific American, will 
be found interesting : According to a statement issued 
by the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign 
Missions, no less than 68,000 persons have died of the 
curious sleeping sickness which has ravaged Africa, 
10,000 having perished within the last five months. 
Notwithstanding all efforts on the part of the British 
authorities, there has been no abatement in the spread 
of the disease in Uganda. The sleeping sickness made 
its appearance in that section two or three years ago. 
A commission sent from England, headed by Col. 
Bruce, has decided that the disease is scattered by a 
fly called kivu, but no antidote has yet been discov- 
ered. Another commission is said to be in prospect 
to see what can be done to prevent the spread of the 
plague. Segregation seems impossible, and no relief 
is in sight. The first symptom of the presence of the 
disease is headache, with swelling t of the glands of 
the neck, followed by protracted sleeping on the part 
of the patient. The disease runs its course in from 
six weeks to two years. 

D. A. Tompkins, cotton expert, says that what cot- 
ton needs in order to continue a good investment for 
the South is more white immigration to help the South. 
He wants the white man to come down from the North 
and push the negro off the farms. He says that the 
white man can raise better cotton and more of it per 
acre than the negro, and statistics show that this is 
true. There is an idea generally prevalent that only 
negroes can stand the work in the cotton fields, but the 
census shows that this is a mistaken idea. Six million 
five hundred thousand acres of cotton land are worked 
by white tenants, either on shares or for cash, who do 
their own manual labor. Twenty-four million acres of 
land are used for cotton, and there is more land which 
can be had cheap. Mr. Tompkins thinks there is an 
excellent opening for white men from the North. 

The naval expenditures of different nations would 
seem to indicate that war is expected. In the Brit- 
ish estimates for 1903-1904, three battleships, four 
cruisers, four scouts, fifteen torpedo-boat destroyers 
and ten submarines are provided for. Other nations 
are striving to build up strong navies, and each would 
like to have the best. An addition of war vessels by 
one nation leads to additions by others. And the so- 
called Christian nations are the ones which are trying 
to excel each other in this. Some one of them ought 
to be strong enough morally to set a better example, 
to say that the people must not be burdened with taxes 
for such things. But no nation likes to take the lead 
ln such a movement as this. Some day a change for 
the better will come. 

The threatened shortage in our cotton crop is caus- 
ing uneasiness in England. A London paper says: 
" There has already been one year of serious shortage, 
and at the present moment many mills are closed in 
Lancashire and many work-people are unemployed, in 
consequence of the falling-off in the American supply 
during 1902-03. If there is to be another serious 
shortage in 1904, it will mean an industrial crisis in 
Lancashire. . . . The really serious question is 
that the cotton supplies of the world are not expand- 
ing to meet the increasing demand of the world's in- 
habitants. The supply is still virtually confined to the 
Southern States. Egypt produces a little cotton — 
about 1,000,000 bales — of a special and superior kind. 
West Africa is beginning to produce some. " But there 
seems no other spot on the world's surface so pecul- 
iarly adapted to the production of cotton as the South- 
ern States of America, just as there seems no other 
spot so well suited to the manufacture of cotton as 
Lancashire. This is a very serious outlook." 

King Peter of Servia, who was chosen' after the as- 
sassination of King Alexander and Queen Draga, is 
iml finding his position a very desirable one, and it is 
quite probable that he will abdicate. If he should do 
so, the powers may appoint his successor. And in 
that event it is very likely that the men responsible 
for the death of the former king and queen will be 
punished in some way. Affairs in the little kingdom 
have been going from bad to worse, and there must be 
an end to such a condition. The important positions 
held by the regicides since their crime and their in- 
fluence over the government has not been good. 

In Chicago there is an average of eighty deaths a 
day. Four persons die a violent death for each day 
of the year, and there is an average of more than one 
a day for suicide. Of the twelve months for which 
the figures were made up, August of last year, with a 
record of thirty-two suicides, showed the minimum 
number; March with forty-four suicides, shows the 
maximum. Of these people giving way to the im- 
pulse of self destruction, 335 were men and 124 were 
women, with only eight colored victims in the list. Of 
this total of 459 suicides in the year, 239 were mar- 
ried, 132 were single, 10 were divorced, 30 were wid- 
owers, and 14 widows, with 34 not classed. The fig- 
ures show that there are a great many who need to 
be taught that this life is not all of life and that 
death is noi a final escape from, trouble for all who 
meet it. 

Accokihm, to reports from I tamaraland, in ili< th 

em district of German southwest Africa, the Germans 
are having serious trouble with the natives. Wind 
hock, the capital, has been In-sieged for some time by 
more than five thousand natives, who have complete- 
ly isolated the railways and destroyed the telegraph 
lines. German farmers and traders have been mur- 
dered. The rebels are estimated at fifteen thousand, 
but they are poorly armed and are not soldiers. They 
will likely cause their rulers considerable worry before 
peace is restored. It is said that the trouble was 
caused largely by merchants who went through the 
country and sold goods to the people on credit at a 
large profit. Then they would go through and lake 
cattle in payment. It was little better than robbery, 
and it is not strange that the people objected. 

As a result of the inquest in Chicago to learn who 
were responsible for the Iroquois fire, the mayor, the 
fire marshal, the building commissioner, the president 
of the theatre company and four others were held to 
the grand jury as being responsible for the loss of life. 
If these men had done their duty there would have 
been no fire, and no loss of life. Greater care will be 
taken in the future to see that the laws are complied 
with. This cannot restore those who perished, but it 
will save others in the future. Too much care cannot 
be taken to make public buildings of all kinds safe. 
The negligence of the officials and the greed of the 
owners are responsible for the terrible accident. 

Whether there is to be war between Japan and 
Russia still is a question. In Japan an imperial order 
has been published empowering the government to as- 
sume control of all private railways, etc., for military 
purposes. In Russia the reserves have been ordered 
to hold themselves in readiness for service. It is re- 
ported that Russian soldiers in Manchuria are suffer- 
ing severely from scarcity of water and supplies and 
insufficient hospital service. China is said to be seek- 
ing mediation, lx-ing very anxious that war be avoided. 
The general opinion seems to be that war can hardly 
be averted, both parties having taken positions from 
which they cannot recede without loss of prestige. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-January 3°. '»>4- 



- Good- wife, what are youl^ng for? You know we've 
A „,,r. «■.!"/.• w^Hor.c.nOrei.n.or. Chan .can 
While ^e' as no,, with s.orm and rain. we'., lose both 
She looked "pleasant face, and answered ,ow and 

We've'aKvays been provided for, and we shall always be." 
He .urned around with sudden gloom. She sa,d; "Love 
You cut tXU worked soon and ,a.e. you did your 
Th a,rs y yo"wo, k .andyou.venau i! h t a 1 an«odo„Uh 

Andd : i :ot a dl r bt'bu t you. wi ,l reap rich fields of golden 
F „r therSa Hear,, and .here's a Hand, we fee., but can- 
We'veTl'wa'ysbcen provided for, and we shall a.ways be." 
-That's like a woman's reasoning-we must, because we 

She soWy'said: "1 reason not; I only work and trust; 
''he harvest may redeem .he day-keep hear, whateer 

Whe„ b onf door shuts, I've always seen another open 

There """.Heart, .here is a Hand, we feel, but cannot see; 

We've always been provided for, and we shall always be. 

He kissed the calm and trustful face-gone was his res. 

She heard him with a cheerful s.cp go whistling down the 

And went' about her household tasks full of a glad con- 
Singing"'' «me her" busy hands as to and fro she ^ went; 
•There is a Heart, there is a Hand, we feel, but cannot 

We'veTways been provided for, and we shall always be." 
Days come and go-'twas Christmas tide, and the great 

fire burned clear. 
The farmer said; " Dear wife, it's been a good and happy 

The frui. r was gain; the surplus corn has bought the hay, 

you know." , - 

She lifted then a smiling face, and sa.d; I told you so! 
For .here's a Hear,, and .here's a Hand, we feel, but can- 

We'veTl'wayl'been provided for, and we shall always be." 
Goshen, Ohio. . 



Once upon a time a party of maidens set out to 
join a wedding procession and attend a marriage feast. 
They tripped on with light hearts and merry songs 
till they came to the place where they expected to 
meet die bride and groom and the other guests ; but 
for some unknown reason the bridegroom tarried, and 
hence the procession did not appear at the time ex- 
pected. The girls waited and waited until they got 
sleepy (this thing of waiting is so monotonous, not 
only for girls, but for 'most anyone). But suddenly 
they were aroused by the announcement (do you know 
who made the announcement?) that the procession 
was coming. They quickly arose and made ready to 
tall into line with the happy company. It was the 
fashion for each one to carry a lighted torch, and so 
to look after their lamps was the matter of their first 
.concern. But what must have been the dismay of 
some of these maidens when they now at this last mo- 
ment discovered that, though they had brought their 
lamps, they had foolishly and thoughtlessly come with- 
out oil ! They tried to borrow, but they couldn't do 
it, then they ran to the store to buy. I guess they 
roused the merchant out of bed, for it was now very 
late at night. But they got the oil, lighted their torch- 
es (I suppose they did) and hurried on their way ; but 
the rest had all gone ahead, and so they finally brought 

up at the place of feasting all by themselves and away 
after the appointed hour. You know tt is possible to 
come around otherwise all right and m due form and 
still be behind time. You've seen people who seemed 
to be about right in every way except they were a - 
ways late. Now these girls wanted to enjoy the wed- 
ding That's what they went for. They knocked a 
the door, they asked for admittance. They no doubt 
be-ged and cried. They may have argued and even 
scolded It was cold and dark outside. They wanted 
in They didn't get in. The door was shut. 

Many, many years before this there was a great 
preacher who warned the people to forsake their sins, 
and he built a great ship and invited them in. He 
told them a great rain would come, the waters would 
rise high and if they didn't come in they d wish they 
had I They laughed. They said he was a fool. They 
didn't go in. And sure enough the rain did come, the 
waters did rise and many began to see that they were 
about to get wet. The ship was big, the 'lull was 
strong, the roof was tight, and it was pitched within 
and without. It seemed so secure and cosy and dry 
inside! Did the people want in? Yes, they did. 
Were their desires sincere? Yes; they were. Per- 
haps they begged, perhaps they cried, but they dldnt 
get in. ' The door was shut. 

And at another time a great Teacher appeared m 
Galilee. He was a Jew, and to the Jews he came. 
He brought a great blessing, he held out to them a 
gift unspeakably precious; but their necks were stiff, 
their heads were hard, their hearts were callous, they 
received it not. Did they not want to be blessed? 
Yes- they wanted every good thing the Lord had to 
spare- but for this, because of past neglect, they were 
unprepared. Here shone a great Light, but they 
didn't see To them was opened a great Door, but 
they didn't go in. Then he turned away, they were 
left outside and the door was shut. 

Only on last Pentecost God graciously visited his 
people at Bellefontaine, Ohio. His presence was pre- 
cious to many in the great missionary meeting. Some 
were there to whom the blessing came not in fullness. 
Not that they were positively unwilling to be blessed; 
but they were not quite ready when they came, their 
hearts were not tender, the opportunity to give did 
not appeal to them, they were not in full sympathy 
with the cause or the occasion. So it came and went, 
and they were left outside. The door was shut 

Just a few weeks ago there was a glorious season of 
revival in your church. The preacher was a man of 
God the Holy Ghost was with him, and he preached 
the Word with power. It was your opportunity to be 
unspeakably blessed; but one of you had a quarrel 
with his neighbor, another had not been living r.ght in 
his home, another was too much in love with worldly 
follies, another was busy with corn and hogs. The 
occasion came and went and some of you are little bet^ 
ter than you were before. Why? The door was shut I 
And in the future, far or near, there is coming for 
somebody, somehow, somewhere, an awful day. Be- 
hold the unspeakable folly of procrastination and neg- 
lect! Behold the indifference to opportunities which 
arc allowed to pass unimproved! Because of these 
that day will be an awful day, for then the door wdl 
be eternally shut! AND YOUR DESIRE TO GET 
Jasper, Mo. 

en unto me." There can be no greater power-m 
fact all power in the world is derived from him. As 
a fitting close to Divine Revelation we have these words 
to the beloved John from Jesus Christ: " If any man 
shall take away from the words of the book of this 
prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book 
of life and out of the holy city, and from the things 
which are written in this book." Rev. 22: 19. 

Baptism, then, is to be perpetuated on the authority 
of Jesus Christ until the end of the world, and on 
the same authority the most awful woes hang over 
any who would endeavor to take it or any other com- 
mandment out of his Gospel. 

Dayton, Ohio, R. R. 4- 


It is an axiom in law— civil or divine— that no pow- 
er can repeal a law but the power that made it, or a 
higher power. Any other power attempting it would 
be adjudged treasonable, rebellious or seditious. 

Jesus submitted to this ordinance at the hands of his 
precursor whose ministry is said to be "tire begin- 
ning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ." Mark 1 : 1, 9- 
He gave the law of baptism in the great commission as 
recorded by Matt. 28:13 and Mark 16:15, 16, and 
he never repealed it. He said it should continue " un- 
to the end of the world." Matt. 28 : 20. And no oili- 
er power can repeal it. He said, " All power is giv- 


The idea seems to obtain in the mind of some that 
the feet-washing of John 13 took place in Bethany six 
days before the passover. Believing this to be an 
erroneous idea, the following is given as evidence to 
show that this feet-washing took place in Jerusalem 
in the night of the betrayal of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
Incidents Connected with the Bethan-y 

(a) Time— six days before the passover. "Then 
Jesus, six days before the passover, came to Bethany, 
where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he 
raised from the dead. There they made him a supper ; 
and Martha served." John 12: I, 2. 

(b) Place,— Bethany, in the house of Simon the lep- 
er " Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house 
of Simon the leper." Matt. 26:6. "And being in 
Bethany in the house of Simon the lepej- as he sat at 
meat." Mark 14:3; J olm Ia:I> 

(c) Persons,— Jesus, the twelve, Lazarus, Martha 
and Mary. " There came unto him a woman having 
an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured 
it on his head, as he sat at meat. Dot when fan dis- 
ciples saw-it, they had indignation." Matt. 26:7, 8; 

Mark 14:3; John I2:1 "4- „ 

(d) Guests— Jesus, the twelve and Lasarus. Matt. 
26:7, 8; Mark 14:3; John 12:2. 

(e) Position at the table, -sitting. " As he sat at 
meat." Matt. 26:7; Mark 14:3; John 12:2. 

(f) Mary anoints his head and feet. Matt. 26:7; 

Mark 14:3; John I2: 3- ■ 

■(g) Judas' indignation. Matt. 26:8; Mark 14: 4 i 

John 12:4, 5. 

(h) Jesus' reproof. " Why trouble ye the wom- 
an? for she hath wrought a good work on me." Matt. 
26: 10-12; Mark 14:6-9: J ohn I2: 7. 8 - 

(i) Many Jeitis came to see Jesus and Lasarus. 

John 12:9. 

(j) Next day Jesus rides into Jerusalem. John 

12: 12, 13. 
Incidents Connected with the Last Supper 

of Our Lord. 
(a) Tune,— one day before the passover. " Now no 
man at the table knew for what intent he spake this 
unto him. For some of them thought, because Judas 
had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those 
things that we have need of against the feast.' 
"Arise let us go hence." John 13:28, 29; I4:,3 T - 
" Then led they Jesus from Caiphas unto the hall of 
judgment ; and it was early ; and they themselves went 
not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled ; 
but that they might eat the passover." John 18:28^ 
"And it was the preparation of the passover, and 
about the sixth hour. And he saith unto the Jews. 
Behold your king. . . . There laid they Jesus 
therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for 
the sepulcher was nigh at hand." John 19: 14. 42- 

These texts show that Jesus left the place of the 
last supper and went across the brook Cedron (John 
18: 1) into the garden where he was arrested; that he 
was on trial next day "early," was crucified about 
the sixth hour, and was buried on this day, the Jews 
preparation day, which was the day before the pass- 

— m 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1904. 


er and places this, the last supper of our Lord, 
one dav hefore the passover. 

fb) Place, — an upper room in Jerusalem. "And 
he said, Go into the city, to such a man, and say unto 
him The Master saith, My time is at hand ; I will 
keep the passover at thy house with my disciples." 
■• And he sent forth two of his disciples, and saith 
un to them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet 
yol1 a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. 
And he will show you a large upper room 
furnished and prepared: there make ready for us." 
" And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare 
us the passover, that we may eat." Matt. 26:18; 
Mark H-T-^S- Luke 22:8-12. 

These texts show that Peter and John prepared this 
supper in the guest chamber, a large upper room that 
had been previously prepared or furnished (perhaps 
by our Lord's own appointment). This could not 
have been the Jews' passover, for, as seen above, it 
was eaten one day before the passover. 

(c) Persons,— Jesus and the twelve. " Now when 
even was come he sat down with the twelve." " Then 
the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom 
he spake." " It is one of the twelve that dippeth with 
me in the dish." Matt. 26:20; Mark 14:20; Luke 
22: 14; John 13:22. 

(d) They assemble in an upper room. Mark 
14: 15; Luke 22: 12. 

(e) They sat down to a table. Matt. 26 : 20 ; Mark 
14: 17, 18; Luke 22: 14, 21 ; John 13: 12, 28. 

(f) Jesus washeth his disciples' feet. John 


(g) Jesus dipping in a dish. " And he answered 
and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the 
dish, the same shall betray me." Matt. 26: 23 ; Mark 
14: 20; Luke 22: 21 ; John 13:18,26. 

(h) The traitor made known. "Verily I say unto 
you, that one of you shall betray me. Then Judas 
which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it 
1? He said unto him, Thou hast said." Matt. 26: 21, 
25; Mark 14: 18, 20; Luke 22: 21; John 13:21, 26. 
f "v, 1 ') Cvmmnnion instituted after supper. Matt. 
26:26, 27; Mark 14:22, 23; Luke 22: 19, 20; 1 Cor. 

(j) They sang a hymn and went out into the garden 
of Gethsemane. " And when they had sung a hymn 
they went out into the Mount of Olives." " When 
Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his 
disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, 
into the which he entered with his disciples." Matt. 
26:30; Mark 14:26; Luke 22:39; J onn l 4- 3 1 '< l %- l 

(k) Peter's denial foretold. " Verily I say unto 
thee, That this night, before the cock crow twice, thou 
shalt deny me thrice." Matt. 26:34; Mark 14:30; 
Luke 22 : 34 ; John 13 : 38. 

(I) Kiss of betrayal. " And forthwith he came to 
Jesus and said, Hail, Master; and kissed him." Matt. 
26:49; Mark 14:4$; Luke 22:48; John 18:3-5. 

(m) Arrest of Jesus. " Then came they, and laid 
hands on Jesus and led him away." Matt. 26:50; 
Mark 14:46; Luke 22:54; John 18: 12, 13. 

Stubborn Facts by Which We Show that the 
Feet-washing of John 13 Took Place in Je- 
rusalem at the Last Supper of Our Lord. 

(a) Mary, Martha and Lazarus were at the Bethany 
supper, but not at the supper where Jesus washed feet. 

(b) Mary anointed his head and feet at the Beth- 
an y supper, but not at the feet-washing supper. 

(c) The Bethany supper was five days before the 
feet-washing supper. 

(d) The Bethany supper was in Bethany, the feet- 
washing supper in Jerusalem — upper room. 

(ej Only Jesus and the twelve were at the feet- 
washing supper. 

If J Next day after the Bethany supper Jesus rode 
'nto Jerusalem. 

(g) Jesus and Judas dip in a dish at the feet-wash- 
ln g supper, but not at the Bethany supper. 

(n) The traitor was made known at the feet-wash- 
n g supper, but not at the Bethany supper. 

( l ) Communion instituted at the feet-washing sup- 
|P«-, but not at the Bethany supper. 

(j) They sang a hymn and went out into the gar- 
den after the feet-washing supper, but not after the 
Bethany supper. 

(k) Peter's denial foretold at the feet-washing sup- 
per, but not at the Bethany supper. 

(1) Judas betrayed him after the feet-washing sup- 
per, but not after the Bethany supper. 

(m) Jesus was arrested in the night of the feet- 
washing supper, and not of the Bethany supper. 

The last seven facts show the harmony of Matthew, 
Mark and Luke with John in placing feet-washing 
with the supper recorded in John 13. It will be ob- 
served, further, that the night of the feet-washing 
supper Jesus went from the place of the supper across 
the brook Cedron into the garden. This he could not 
have done if the feet-washing had been in Bethany. 

From this it is clear that the feet-washing of John 
13 was in the guest chamber in an upper room in 
the city of Jerusalem in the night of the betrayal of 
our Lord, one day before the passover, and was in 
no way whatsoever connected with the Bethany sup- 
per in point of time, place, persons or circumstances. 

Farrenburg, Mo. 


It does thinking people good to read of the experi- 
ence of others, and that is why we give the following, 
culled from the Christian Herald. The author of the 
article says that all the schooling Mr. Moody received 
when a boy was in a little red schoolhouse by the 
side of a country road, with the exception of one term 
at a village academy. At fifteen he left school and 
faced the busy world for what he afterward acquired. 

It was not, therefore, from schools that he was to 
acquire an education, but from men, and fie fully real- 
ized this. From the time of leaving home, at seven- 
teen years of age, he was ever studying men and learn- 
ing" from them. For such an education, a business ca- 
reer afforded the best possible opportunities of meeting 
all kinds and conditions of men. That he realized this, 
is clearly indicated by his rapid progress in business, 
rising rapidly to a position of trust and importance, 
and commanding, at the age of twenty-four, an un- 
usually large salary for the times. 

The demands of business did not allow much time 
for study, but afforded other opportunities for a man 
who was not afraid of being thought ignorant for ask- 
ing questions. This was no fault of Mr. Moody's, 
for he was too honest to try to appear to know more 
than he did. Fie was the greatest questioner I ever 
knew. In his travels he met men of affairs and learn- 
ing, and it was always his delight to learn all he could 
from them. The general information thus acquired 
upon all sides was wonderfully retained, and mentally 
catalogued for further use. His mind was not a mere 
scrap-basket for everything, but a well-ordered en- 
cyclopedia of useful information. 

Like most men who have had to fight their own way 
in life, he had also acquired the inestimable habit of 
learning from experience. Many men keep on mak- 
ing the same mistake, time after time, under the same 
conditions. This Mr. Moody never did. His mistakes 
were always inventoried as so many assets, and where 
a blunder was made in the past, it saved often from 
much more serious ones later. 

This is equal to saying that Mr. Moody was never 
afraid to acknowledge a mistake. No one who knew 
him intimately ever questioned his perseverance, or his 
indomitable will ; but, once convinced that he was mis- 
taken, no one more readily adjusted himself to new 
conditions when recognized. 

Valuable as Mr. Moody's experiences were as factors 
in his education, and remarkable as his peculiar gifts of 
collecting and using the knowledge he acquired, he 
never relied upon these alone. In 1875, after his first 
mission in Great Britain, he bought a little farm in his 
naLive town of North field, which became his permanent 
home. Here he would spend several months each year 
in nominal rest, but in reality in conscientious, system- 
atic study. He collected a good library, specially 
suited to his needs, and during the months of June, July 
and August, he would devote many hours a day to the 

revision of old sermons and the preparation of new 
material. To these years of persistent study, which 
were followed later by seasons of more activity in the 
establishment of the schools and conferences which 
curtailed the hours of study, are to be traced the con- 
tinued growth of the man as a preacher. 

There were two factors in Mr. Moody's education 
winch we have mentioned last, because most impor- 
tant. First of these was Mrs. Moody. How much 
he owed to her gentle sympathy and wise counsel can 
never be known. As he himself said, she "was the 
light of my earthly pilgrimage." Next to God's grace 
in his heart, Mrs. Moody was the greatest factor in his 

The second and last factor was the Bible. Mr. 
Moody read widely, specially in biography and history, 
but nevertheless he was pre-eminently a man of one 
book. Whatever other reading he did was always in 
relation, directly or indirectly, to the Bible, or to en- 
able him to better illustrate its teachings, lie found 
in the Bible a liberal education in itself, and its influ- 
ence even upon his method of expression is most 
marked. Comparing his letters, written within the 
first decade of his Christian life, with those written lat- 
er, there is to be found a marked change and improve- 
ment in his style of expression. He found it true, as 
many others have since, that " the entrance of thy 
Word givelh light ; it givcth understanding unto the 

Mr. Moody always felt keenly the loss of educational! 
advantages, and the Northfield Schools, which he es- 
tablished, are an expression of that deep souse of per 
sonal deprivation. What he himself had 1 mused in 
life's experience, he coveted for other young men in 
similar circumstances. But the loss of school and 
college had been amply made up by his own earnest 
endeavor, and even in his disadvantages he acquired 
the best that any institution can give — the art of con- 
tinuing to learn, everywhere and from every source. 





The above meetings were held in the Manvel church, 
at Manvel, Texas, December 25, 26 and 28. Sunday- 
school meeting organized by choosing A. A. Sutter 
moderator, Jesse Ilollingcr reading clerk, J. 11. Peck 
writing clerk. 

A number of interesting topics were discussed. The 
speakers present all responded to their call and their 
remarks indicated thought and preparation. Recita- 
tion, " The Judgment," by Rosa Sprague, was well 
rendered and made us think of the importance of be- 
ing ready. Essay, " Truth," by Emma Marchand, 
was edifying and helped us to realize how much we 
need the truth that makes us free. Select reading by 
Georgie Peck, " Christmas in the Hospital," told a sad 
story of a sick child away from home, in the hospital 
on Christmas. Recitation by May Flora, " I cannot 
do without Him," showed what a little sister of aboul 
twelve years can do to help make an interesting meet 

Sunday-school secretary reported only three Sun 
day schools in six organized churches. What shall 
the answer be of those ciders who have no Sunday 
school where they live and preach? 

Committee on program for 1904; Mary B. Pcck v 
Ira Smith, A. J. Wine. 

Ministerial meeting organized by electing J. C. 
Minnix moderator, A. A. .Sutter reading clerk, A. J. 
Wine writing clerk. The topics discussed were in- 
tended to be such as pertain more especially to the min- 
ister's work, but were freely participated in by others, 
and the ministers present got some valuable counsel 
from some of those to whom they preach. The dis- 
trict of Texas and Louisiana is so large and the dis- 
tance to the district meeting for many of the ministers 
so great, and their financial exchequer so depleted, that 
they are deprived of the benefits of these meetings. It 
does look as if a minister who preaches without com- 
pensation from the church must be worth very little 


to his congregation if they cannot afford to send him 
free of charge to the ministerial meeting. 

Essay by Emma Marchand, "The Resurrection, 
brought vividly to our minds that, though Jesus was 
delivered for our offenses, he was raised again for our 
justification, and we too shall rise from our graves, to 
life eternal, or to condemnation. 

Committee on program for .904, J- Hollmger, M. 
H. Peters, J. A. Miller. 

After temporary organization of district meeting, 
program of meeting was read. Enrollment of dele- 
gates showed the following : Nocona, Texas, not rep- 
resented ; Live Oak, Texas, not represented; Manvel, 
Texas M H. Peters, W. E. Whitcher; Saginaw, Tex- 
as, J. Hollinger, A. J. Wine; Roanoke, La. Ira Smith, 
A A Sutter; Oak Grove, La., represented by letter. 

Committee on credentials reported all delegates ac- 

" Permanent officers elected by ballot: M. H. Peters, 
moderator; J. H. Peck reading clerk; A. A. Sutter 
writing clerk. Acts .5 was read; also duties of of- 
ficers and rules governing meeting. Election of dis- 
trict officers was deferred until last work of meeting. 
Missionary and district treasurer reports read and ac- 
cepted after being examined and reported correct by 
auditing committee, consisting of J. Hollinger and 
Geo. Marchand. Several queries were presented and 

disposed of. . . • u 

There was a request to establish a mission in Hous- 
ton. The request was granted, and recommended to 
mission board to look into ways and means. 

It was decided to hold the next district meeting for 
1904 at Roanoke, La. 

Geo Marchand, Manvel, Texas, was elected mem- 
ber of mission board for three years; A. J. Wine, Sag- 
inaw, Texas, re-elected Sunday-school secretary ; J. A. 
Miller delegate on Standing Committee; M. H. Peters 
alternate. These meetings were all opened and closed 
by devotional exercises at each session. Dinner was 
served each day .in the church and a pleasant time was 

Manvel, Texas. 

1 • ' 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 3°. 19Q4- 

Of course, with a man who dares to think, the argu- 
ments of his brethren would not silence his convic- 
tions So, after considerable inquiry, he found out 
where the Brethren Publishing House was, and he 
sent for printed matter, which led to an earnest re- 
quest to have a preacher come to that part of Wes 
Virginia; and soon Bro. Bosely became an ardent 
defender of the truth, and he emphasized it in Ins quie t, 
earnest life. Such men need not the polish of a col- 
lege education to become a power for good in the 
great work of saving the world for Christ Yet a 
man of strong personality and convictions, such as Bro. 
Bosely was, may be all the better equipped for his 
work because of his literary attainments, provided oth- 
er characteristics are similar. 

There are too many men and women to-day in all 
the walks and departments of life who do not think 
for themselves. In politics, in society, in religion, 
it seems the rule is, parrot-like, to imitate somebody or 
something that is making a great stir or in the 
world The man with strong individuality and an 
earnestness for his convictions is the man that will 
come out victorious if he will allow the truth to be 
his master and bow his knee to nothing short of the 
God of the Bible that rules the destinies of mankind. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



ing cared for. True, but are we not instruments in 
God's hand for this purpose? 

If we contribute nothing to lighten our ministers 
burden, by putting the care of the church upon him. 
we actually take away his means of physical support 
We make his life a burden if he struggles faithfully 
on or perhaps we make his burden too heavy and he 
becomes disheartened. Who, outside of the ministry, 
can realize the preacher's responsibility to God and the 
church ? 

That we may study the matter, each do his duty, and 
God be glorified, is my prayer. 

Columbus, Ohio. 



Seeing in the last number of the Messenger that 
Bro. Bosely, of West Virginia, has fallen asleep in the 
Lord, incidents of his life came most forcibly to my 
mind. I knew the man well, frequently preached in his 
neighborhood nearly forty years ago. He was most de- 
cidedly a man of strong individuality and personality. 
He was not satisfied with orthodoxy simply because it 
was a creed old as the hills, and to go on blindly fol- 
lowing the sayings of other men, but he dared to think 
for himself. 

He told me how it was he became a " turncoat " as 
some of his former brethren called him after he had 
united with the Brethren. Being a prominent man of 
the community, as such men usually are, it was cus- 
tomary for the preachers to visit him frequently and 
he, being a Bible reader and thinker along Bible hues, 
one day asked his preacher how it was that the Chris- 
tian churches did not condemn war as Christ cer- 
tainly did teach a nonresistant doctrine. As usual the 
preacher put up the best defense he could and said 
if he thought war wrong he had better go and join 
the "Dunkards." " Who are they? " he asked. "I 
never heard of them." "Oh," said the preacher, 
" they are a sect that don't believe in war ; plenty of 
them over in the Valley of Virginia." 

Another time, with another of their preachers, he 
talked the same way in regard to feet-washing, claim- 
ing it was a positive command of Christ to his fol- 
lowers. The preacher in a spirit of contempt en- 
deavored to put him off by saying, " If that is your 
idea of things, you better become a ' Dunkard.' " " I 
heard a similar expression once before," 9aid the seek- 
er after truth ; " and now will you tell me who the 
' Dunkards,' as you call them, are? " " Well, they are 
a somewhat obscure denomination of peculiar ideas 
and notions." " Well," said Bosely, " it seems to me 
they have a ' peculiar ' regard for the truth." 

Rewarding our ministers is a thing which I fear 
we (the laity) regard too lightly. This subject does 
not concern me more than any other brother or sister 
who has the welfare of the church, the comfort and 
well-being of our ministers at heart. 

We hear much of the duties, privations and sacri- 
fices which are to flow steadily from the hands of the 
minister, but how little of the duties of the laity. 

To one who spends a moment in reflection and 
meditation, it will become evident that we have duties 
to perform in the line of sympathy, of love, and even 
assisting temporally, if we hope to get the most out 
of our ministry. 

True, we must exercise care. The salaried minister 
has weakened many a church, but many of our min- 
isters must face the problem of physical existence the 
same as we ; yet we expect from the pulpit intellectual 
and spiritual feasts. 

We should ever bear in mind that we have placed 
a burden upon our preacher,— a burden which is too 
great for a human being to carry alone. An en- 
couraging word, a sympathetic look, and above all 
withholding public criticism before you have explained 
your grievances to him privately, will remove untold 
weight from your preacher's shoulder. 

How often have we heard members criticising the 
preacher thoughtlessly, forgetting that the prosperity 
of the church requires unity of action, and the preach- 
er's influence unsullied. Better had they gone to him 
in a friendly way and both might have been wiser. 

The preacher whose every move should be actuated 
with love will find this difficult in an atmosphere of 
indifference. Let love, sympathy and earnestness im- 
bue the laity, and see how the preacher's influence and 
the power of the church will increase. 

Sympathy and loye alone will not suffice in every 
case. Have we not often observed that the lot has fall- 
en upon a brother of limited means and education? 
Picture to yourself a human being burdened with re- 
sponsibility to the world, to his church, and to his 
God. How he shudders under this weight as he pon- 
ders his desires to be of use to his Maker and the 
little power which he possesses 1 

If the preacher is to be a power in the church and 
the community in which he resides, he must be free 
from serious financial embarrassment. True, we can 
refer to ministers who, though poor and almost un- 
aided, were pillars in the church, but what might 
they have accomplished under more favorable circum- 
stances? He who can compete with his neighbor in 
gaining a livelihood and fill the mission of the pul- 
pit is indeed an exceptional character. 

You say the faithful worker has the promise of be- 


• My mother wants to know whether you can make 
me a dress, sister ; " said a little girl of the Italian mis- 
sion. " She says she would pay you some money.' 
•' Well, my dear," said I, " we do not make dresses 
generally, but maybe we have one you can wear. Does 
your father work ? " 

■ No, he doesn't work; he keeps saloon." 
" Do you have money to buy clothes ? " 
" Not much ; my father doesn't make good busi- 
ness. My mother broke her back," she said. 
" Broke her back? " said I. 

"Yes, she lies in bed. I have to do the scrub- 
bing and things." 

" May I go with you and see your mother? " 
" Yes," she replied. 

Having dismissed the sewing girls, Mary and I were 
left alone. I cleared away the things, set the room 
in order, then went with her. She took me to her 
home just over the saloon near by. As she opened the 
door she quickly closed it. 

" What is the matter? " said I. 
" O, father's there, and he likes nobody in." „ 

" Can't we go in ? " said I. 

" No, I'm afraid he'll hit me. He likes nobody in 
Seeing her position, I did not insist, but suggested 
her going with me to our mission home. She was 
poorly clothed and it was damp and cold. We took th 
street car and were soon in our comfortable quarters. 
How she did enjoy that short call 1 I gave her a warm 
coat for herself and sister, besides some other clothing, 
also car fare home. The next time I went down there 
she met me with a smile, saying, " Here's the money, 
and she returned the car fare with a few pennies for 
the clothing. How she enjoyed giving this! I after- 
wards learned her mother was suffering a few days 
as the result of a sprain received from a fall. The 
two girls are regular Sunday-school children and show 
an appreciation for better things than they have " 
that ungodly home. 

The other dav a boy stopped me on the street and 
asked me for a pair of shoes for his little sister. 
Knowing the boy and his home too, I asked him to 
call at the mission. I found, however, that we had no 
shoes to fit the child. In such cases we can use con- 
tributions of money for the needy. During the Christ- 
mas season a friend in New York City handed us five 
dollars, saying, " I do not know where the jieedy are, 
you use this for anyone really in need." 

As I went to take the car, a few days ago, a gen- 
tleman met me on the street corner. He reached 0.11 

his hand, saying, " I am Mr. , my children got" 

vour Sunday school." 

" O yes," said I, " I know the children." 
He said, " I have a baby at home. It is not well an* 
we want it christened. We want you to come dO*j 
and have the baby christened." 

■■ I shall come," I replied. " and read the Bible B 


" We do not read in the Bible of christening babit> 

but we do read of baptism." 

" Persons fit for baptism are such as are old enouf 
to repent, believe and be taught." He looked sj 
prised and thanked me. I went down the next * 
and showed them what the Bible teaches ( 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1904. 


20; John 3:16; Atts 2:38; Acts 16:31-33), 
I that, should the baby die, the Lord would care for 

Lottie Phillips, a most earnest young sister of the 
Brooklyn mission; died on Jart. 7. She was buried on 
tne following Sunday, and yet she is not dead, for her 

works do follow " her. How sad it was to give her 
We may, in the near future, give a sketch of her 

fe in the Messenger, believing it will stimulate oth- 

rs as well as those who knew her, to live more de- 
voted and consecrated lives for the Master. Rev. 

WOl Third Ave. 




Fear God. 

Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. 
Honor the kirig. — i Peter 2:17. 

"What God wants or what he asks for, is lumi- 
nous Christians. . . . Says one, ' not how much 
talent have I, but how much will to use the talent 
I have. Not how much do I know, but how much 
do I do with what I know.' ... Let us help God 
—we, his children — to conquer evil by conquering it 
in ourselves, and by re'fusing to give it power over 
111 So shall God show us all goodness, all pity." 

The foregoing extract from a very interesting letter 
from an earnest sister in Pennsylvania contains the 
essence of a whole volume of sermons. It is in fitting 
comparison with Paul's language in Romans 6: 12-14, 

and 7:13-23, anu 5 : 1 '7- 

I believe it to be true that we have many able 
members in our beloved Brotherhood who do not make 
as free use of their talents as God has given them op- 
portunity to do; that they do not do as much with 
what they know as they might. And, on the other 
hand, I doubt not that there are those who would 
gladly make use of their talents and their knowledge, 
only opportunity prevents. But can they make op- 
portunities? Sometimes a change of location, when 
"pos'simc, will give them a chance to help others. But 
how make the change? They may be too poor to make 
the change without excellent advantages being un- 
qualifiedly promised. Brethren, let us consider these 
tilings. They have much to do with the success of 
our home missionaries and their work. 

Let us not intimate that because some use their tal- 
ents they are pushing themselves forward too much. 
" Quench not the spirit." Brethren should not be 
jealous. Neither should they fall into a spirit of 
bickering and backbiting which is the most 
detrimental of all things to church growth and 
unity. They should not brood over imagin- 
ary slights which are 

use all our talents to the best advantage, and do all 
in our power according to what we know, living 
in harmony and brotherly love with each other, not 
permitting the evil disease of jealousy and fault-find- 
ing to gain entrance to our spiritual atid mental bodies. 
Thus we " fear God " and " keep his commandments." 
We cannot " honor the king," but we can honor the 
president when he does right, but not simply because 
he is the president. 

Are we letting our lights shirte as brightly as they 
ought? True, we may. some of us, have trials, and 
annoyances, and vexations that others may not have, 
but " it all comes in a lifetime," and such tilings shall 
not crush me down and cause me to forsake the re- 
ligion of Christ so truly taught by our church. It is 
hard to be persecuted, but Jesus says we must expect 
, it, and if we give way to selfishness and jealous bick- 
erings, how long till " all they that see me (us) laugh 
me (us) to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake 
the head " ? Psa. 22 : 7. 

If a well-to-do Christian gives no more toward the 
support of the church than a poor one, ought not his 
conscience to trouble him? Is he letting his light 
shine? If ministers are poor in this world's goods and 
are obliged to devote nearly all their time to the sup- 
port of their families, how can we expect really good 
results from their efforts, though we do know that our 
ministers are the most unselfish in their work for the 
cause? Are we doing right in not lightening their 
burdens by helping when in need ? " The laborer is 
worthy of his hire," brethren. Because a minister 
asks nothing does not say he is not often in dire need 
of the comforts of life. How often are ministers 
obliged to give up the work in order to support their 
families ? Let us remember all these things as we go 

In conclusion, Rom. 8:35, 38, 39; I Cor. 15:58; 
Gal. 5:25, 26; Philpp. 4:8, 7. and 2 Cor. 13:11, 12, 
Bryan, Ohio. 



Over six years ago, Sept. 26 and 27, 1897, die min- 
isterial meeting of the Second District of Virginia 
was held in the Linville Creek congregation, not far 
from Broadway. 

When the programs were received the name of Bro. 
Isaac Newton Harvey Beahm appeared for a mission- 
ary talk, and my name for the discussion of a topic. 
Both of us then lived in Eastern Virginia, one hun- 
dred miles or more from the place of meeting, and 
doubttdly'the "rTsult since the meeting occurred during a very busy sea- 

of thoughtlessness. If Brethren do not greet you 
as you think they ought, or hold aloof, even in your 
own congregation, it is your business to know the 
reason why. For what should we use Matthew 18? 
If there is anything wrong, and you are to blame, go 
and, as far as it is in your power to do so, make 
it right. 

None ought for a moment allow any little personal 
grievance to prevent their coming into the church, if 
they feel that they should be there. Get right your- 
self, first of all.. I should try to keep the beams out 
of my own eyes before I should stay out of the king- 
lorn of heaven on account of the motes in some other's 
e >'es. Such excuses for not coming into the church are 
truly as flimsy as those stated so positively in Holy Writ 
of the virtuous young man, and other instances where 
excuses were made to Christ by those whom he urged 
'0 come to him. " For what is a man profited, if he 
shall gai n the whole world, and lose his own soul? 
or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?" 
Matt, 16:26. 

»'es, " Honor all men," when they are deserving of 


or. and that is when they are honest, and just, 
and moral, for thev are looking toward heaven. Let 
us help them to get there. And when we do that we Ridge, reaching the home of Mr. Beahm (I. N. H s 

son of the year and I could not spare the money to 
go on the train, I, of course, soon dismissed the hope 
of being able to enjoy the .meeting. But one day in 
a conversation with Bro. Beahm he said he felt that 
he must go — that he made it a point never to miss 
a meeting when he is on the program, and urged me 
to go too. So we soon began planning an overland 

Bro. Samuel H. Flory, another minister, became in- 
terested and offered to go along. Now was proven 
the truthfulness of the adage, " Where there's a will 
there's a way," for it was found that by splicing to- 
gether we were able to rig out a good outfit. Bro. 
Flory furnished the spring wagon and Bro. Beahm 
and I each a horse. So, early on the morning of the 
24th, while it was yet dark, the happy trio found them- 
selves speeding westward toward the historic Shen- 
andoah Valley. A part of Prince William, Fauquier, 
Rappahannock, Page and a part of Rockingham coun- 
ties lav between us and the place of meeting. Our 
road led us ever plain, hill and mountain, through 
forest and towns, across small streams and rivers, 
some bridged and some not. Nightfall found us slow- 
ly winding our way up the eastern slope of the Blue 

We chose Bro. Beahm as guide, as in this neighbor- 
hood lived his sister, an aunt and a number of cousins. 
After a brief Visit to his sister the next morning, we 
were off for Luray, where we ate dinner with Bro. 
Walter Striekler. Resuming our journey, we crossed 
a branch, or fork rather, of the Shenandoah river in 
the Page Valley, crossed the Massauutton mountain, 
entered " The Valley," and after traveling over some 
of the finest farming country we put up for the night 
at the hospitable home of Kid. John F. Driver. 

The next day the meeting opened. The attend- 
ance was very large and the spirit of the meeting ex- 
cellent. Many good speeches were made on live ques- 
tions. I lltade nlv fifteen-minute speech and Bro. 
Reahni gave a half-hour missionary talk, and some- 
how it always seemed to me that that talk was the best 
part of the meeting. It was carefully prepared and 
was practical and was delivered with fiery eloquence. 
Who knows but what this speech helped to pave the 
way for sending Brother and Sister Long to India 
from this district. 

We received much inspiration at the meeting, both 
from the discussions of the topics and by making the 
acquaintance of. and mingling with, so many of the 
strong brethren of the district. Here in the old lime- 
stone-walled church cemetery lies all dial is mortal of 
Elder Johnny Kline. 

After the close of the second day's meeting we start- 
ed homeward, crossed the first mountain and late in 
the night stopped at the line home of Eld. Samuel Spit- 
ler. They had retired for the night, hut we succeeded 
in awakening them and they received us gladly, the 
aged sister preparing us a bounteous supper, The 
next day was spent partly in the home of Bro. Ileahm's 
sister, Mrs. Sours. In the evening we attended 
preaching services in the Morning Star schoolhousc, 
when Bro. Beahm preached a powerful sermon on 
" The Prodigal Son." 

The next day we started for our homes in Prince 
William county, arriving at Bro. Flory's about to 
1'. M., very tired and our horses no doubt, more so. 
Did it pay to spend the six days of beautiful fall 
weather in order to enjoy the meeting? Well, we 
were never sorry that we went. We were laboring in 
a rather new anil isolated field and felt that we need- 
ed all the help and encouragement that such a meet- 
ing would afford, Our desire was to become more 
efficient laborers for our Master. And then we felt 
that we had done our duty. On the long journey 
many questions were discussed, both biblical, eccle- 
siastical and educational. But this was our last trip 
together. Uur fields of labor have been far removed 
from each other. I moved to Western Pennsylvania, 
Bro. Beahm to Southern California, to become presi- 
dent of Ioirdsburg College, where he broke down in 
health and was brought East t" a Sanitarium where 
he lingered between life and death for a long time. 
It is with unbounded joy (hat I read in the Messen- 
ger that he is able to teach and preach again, and I 
pray that the Lord will give him many more years 
to spend in his service. 
Stantons Mill, Pa. 


Christ is the way from man to man, as well as 
from man to God. Hearts of men have gone out to 
each other as they have gone out to Christ. Some 
one has said that from heart to heart the straight line 
is nol the shortest distance; it i,s shorter when the 
line goes from the heart of man up to the heart of 
Christ, and then down to the heart of brother man. 
Putting the heavenly curve into the line of affection 
does not lengthen, but shortens it. He who loves God 
loves his brother. There is a pretty game of toy 
marionettes that are moved by magnetism. They are 
of metal, and when one holds a magnet over them 
they rise, and as the magnet is moved they seem to 
dance with its movements. But, besides this, when 
one thus attracts them upward they themselves be- 
come magnetized and are drawn to each other. That 

'ove the brotherhood." especially when we are doing cous'ln) on the" western slope after to o'clock. Here is the /"£J^"£J!ti "To ZJZ 
11 <"« lies in our power .0 strengthen it and advance we were met with a hearty welcome and our horses structed. The power that dra 
the religion of Christ ; and we can only do so when we and ourselves were soon comfortable for the night 

together.— S. S. Times. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-January 3°. '9Q4- 



We regard the moralist as the best person this 
world can afford, we mean without the blood 
71s A sinner may be of the meanest and the lowest 
down in sin. yet the moralist with all h,s good quali- 
ties has no more assurance of heaven than the s,n- 
ner. The good qualities of Cornelius were not enough 

to ^ave him. . 

The relationship between the moralist and the sin- 
ner has been beautifully portrayed to our mmd by our 
own recent observation. We live near a good sister, 
one who attends to her own affairs well. A short tune 
ago we noticed her front yard, back yard and even he 
.chicken yard all swept very clean. While we admired 
the sight we thought of the moralist, free from filth 
and rubbish-it is earthy everywhere until the pure 
white snow covers it. 

We came home and thought how much our yard 
represents the sinner, unclean everywhere Being 
ashamed, we took broom and rake and made an ef- 
fort to be as clean as our neighbor; but physical 
strength would not allow it. We can get rid of sm 
only through Jesus' blood rightly applied. Our own 
strength is not sufficient. 

We were both expecting company. I wished for 
snow to'cover my yard. If my yard had been clean I 
suppose I would not have wished for snow, but would, 
like the moralist, have been glad for my own works 
to have shown. I got my wish. The morning before 
our visitors came, the beautiful white snow came and 
made my yard pure and white. Looking over to my 
neighbor's' yard I saw her yard equally white I 
thought How vile and earthy her yard would look 
now compared with mine if hers had no snow in it. I 
wonder, too, if that isn't the way the moralist looks, 
vile and earthy without the blood of Jesus, in Gods 
sight beside the redeemed sinner. 

How much the pure, white snow is like Jesus. It 
covers the clean and unclean yards alike. It makes 
no difference how low down in sin we may have been, 
or how moral we may have lived, it is only the blood 
of Jesus applied that can and will make us white and 
fit for heaven. Jesus' blood does not only cover up 
sins, but removes them. 

Dear moralist, from a worldly standpoint, or if we 
had no Savior, you would be the best person in the 
world; but since Jesus came you are' just as much 
in need of being washed in Jesus' blood as any sin- 
ner. You will be just as unfit for heaven as the sin- 

The contrast between the moralist and the redeemed 
will be as great as between a snow-covered yard and 
one without snow. 

Union. Ohio. R. D. No. i. 

That evangelist had a good voice, delightful mien 
and fascinating presentation. He had more calls* an 
he could fill. His converts reached Ingh numbers, 
lust attaining. Wait a moment! What has hap 
Penedr Plug blew out. Temporarily disqualified 
committee head and shoulders in the .firebox, but the 
people are saved. What of the bishop, the church? 
S power is yours, but don't forget the plu£ 
You see, "God hath chosen the weak things rf the 
world to confound the things which are mighty. 1 
Imust needs glory, I will glory of the things which 
concern mine infirmities." That thorn I 2 Cor. 

2 . 7 Wonderful admonition; " When I am weak, 
then am I strong." That plug-weak place-prevent- 
ed many a wreck. 
Pavette, Idaho. 

An employment, the satisfactory pursuit of which 
requires of a man that he shall be endowed with a 
retentive memory, quick at learning, «**"»** 
and graceful, is the friend and brother of truth, jus- 
tice, fortitude, and temperance.— Plato. 



11Y A. 1. MOW. 

The thresher was running majestically, rolling out 
one hundred bushels per hour of the precious gram. 
All hands were vigorously doing their best to supply 
the demands of the power. Suddenly, as one man, a 
dozen men ceased work, and turning toward the en- 
gine, enveloped in clouds of steam, asked, " What's 
the matter? Hie plug Mowed out," came the an- 
swer. "What's the. plug?" And I hastened to the 
engine to learn, and found the engineer head and shoul- 
ders in the fire-box. 

That hollow, steel tap, filled with solder, is not an 
accident. Look for it in every successful organization, 
mechanism and enterprise. It is my specific weakness 
which is below the average. It makes me safe. It 
recommends me to my employer, my constituency, my 
environment. There is infinite possibility for the 
man made safe. That banker was a miracle of fi- 
nanceering. He has everybody's confidence. Exceed- 
ing success is his. The little depositor sends in his 
check, there comes no issue, it is not there. What's 
the matter? The plug blew out. The receiver has 
the key. 

Lesson for Feb. 7. I9°4- 

Oolden Text-He laid his hands on every one of them, 
and healed them.— Luke 4:40. 

Aftes the rejection of Jesus at Nazareth, he, in 
company with the disciples recently called went over 
to the sea of Galilee and made his home, for the time 
being, in Capernaum, on the shore of the sea, in the 
home of Simon and Andrew. And thus we have given 
,0 us an insight of the pastoral side of the Christ life. 
His mission signified much more than a simple pro- 
clamation of the new Gospel. A gospel proclamation 
without an approach would have fallen upon the world 
a, a dead letter. But his approach to the people was 
so intimate and so brotherly that he at once won their 
esteem and affections, and thus prepared them for the 
sweet message which he had to give them. He made 
himself as one of them —a man among men. 

As was his custom on Sabbath morning, he went 
up to the Lord's house for service. And even in the 
midst of worship he was not unmindful of the human 
side as is shown in the first part of the lesson in the 
casting out of the unclean spirit from the young man. 
First he taught and then backed up his teach- 
ing with living demonstration. And the peculiar man- 
ner of his teaching impressed the people with the fact 
that it was different from the teaching of the teachers 
that were among them, and by whom they had been 
taught —the scribes. Their teaching was that of in- 
terpreting the law. In this kind of teaching there 
seemed to he no life, no force, no authority. But here 
was a teacher who, while he gave due respect to the 
law did not hold it before them as any part of the 
message which he had to give, but referred to if only 
as proof that he was the one who was to come that 
he might give to the world something better, and that 
carried with it authority and power, " For he taught 
them as one that had authority." He taught as one 
who was authorized to teach. And the approach and 
manner of teaching showed whence the authority and 
power came. 

They', no doubt, reasoned in this way ; Our teachers 
teach us many things, but they have no power to do 
anything outside of their own physical actions ; but here 
is a teacher who has power over, not only his follow- 
ers, but also over evil spirits. And they knew of no 
such power except that which came from God, whom 
they believed to have all power ; so that they could not 
do otherwise than believe that this man's power and 
authority came from God. The Christ did not go out 
of his way to argue or teach this truth, but he demon- 
strated it' in action and deed, which is the most con- 
vincing form in which argument can be made, because 
it appeals directly to the human senses. We believe 
what our eyes see, our ears hear and dhr hands touch 
and feel. 

A doctrine or truth lived is much more effective 
in convincing others to believe and accept it than a 
theory advanced, no matter how true it may be 

Some years ago, when efforts were made on 
the part of the white people, to' convert an Indian 
tribe in the far West to Christianity, a number 
of the different churches sent missionaries among them, 
but they all failed. Then the Friends determined that 
they would try it. and sent a godly man among them. 
They treated him with great respect, and he readily 
obtained an audience with their chief, to whom he also 
preached Christ, told him the need of the great sal- 
vation, and the change it would produce in the lives 
of those who accepted it. The old chief seemed to be 
much interested. And, after the missionary was 
through with his message and invited him to accept 
the Savior, he mused for a moment and then said; 
•" Mv pale-faced brother, all you say looks very nice, 
but we don't know anything about your new religion. 
We have always worshiped the Great Spirit, and he 
gave us health, happiness and peace. Over the river 
yonder dwell a number of your white brothers. You 
go and convert them! and if it makes the change on 
them that you say it would on us, come back again 
and we too will accept your religion." They wanted a 
living illustration of the effects of the new teaching. 
This is what Christ did. He first taught, and then 
said Look and I will show you effects. The pos- 
sessed man that had been grievously tormented for 
years was relieved of the evil spirit. And Simons 
wife's mother was relieyed of her fever; and before 
the day closed he healed many others that were dis- 
eased and sick of divers diseases. 

What does all this teach? It teaches, first, that we 
must be ourselves converted; that we should offer to 
others that which we have received. Second, after 
teaching we must make it active by living out the doc- 
trine we teach and preach. Others must be made to 
see that we ourselves have that which we offer to oth- 
ers Third, that part of this religion is doing good 
to others.-physical good, spiritual good. Our mis- 
sion is to teach and live the things that will make .the 
homes -better, lives sweeter, and say to all, Behold 
the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the 
world." . ' 


Jesus Calls Four Disciples.— Luke 5:1-11. 


Heaven.— Rev. 7:11-17- 

STEPS OF FAITH.— Genesis 13: 1-9. 

. The Beginning of Faith. "The Lord had said" (ver 
,) Faith has no existence apart from revelat.on. 1* 
Written Word is the unfolding of Christ who is th« 
Living Word. Through the Word, faith is begotten 
in the soul. Rom. 10: 17. 

,.The Call of Faith. "Get thee out." etc. ('««')■ 
Abram was called .0 leave his country and kindred 
Faith is always obedient (Heb. .1:8). We must le£ 
all to follow him; no earthly relation must hinder. be 
Luke 14: 26-33. 

3. The Promise of Faith. Note the four " I wills 
verses 1. 2. and 3. When the Lord says. I will, »' 
gives the power to perform. " According to your fait" | 
be it unto you." Matt. 9:29. 

4. The Blessing of Faith. " Be thou a blessing " (verse i 
R V ). Faith having received the promise of God. - 
now responsible, to he a blessing to others Havin! | 
received « are .0 give (John 6:1.) he* • 
we are to tell (John 4:29; l John 1:3). Having four* 
we arc to help others to find (John 1:45)- I 

5 The Obedience of Faith. "Abram departed, as tW I 
Lord had spoken " (verse a). If the Lord speaks, fa •' 
should act (Heb. 11:8). Enough for Abraham tl. 
God said. "I will show thee" (Gen. .2:.). Surelj. I 
is better to walk with God in the dark than go by » 
selves in the light. Faith says. "Yes." and acts 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1904. 



Two willing hands, for labor meet; 

For love's command, two ready feet; 

Two eyes which Nature's beauties see. 

Two ears to hear each melody. 

A tongue to speak and sing God's praise. 

A mind to understand his ways; 

And more than these, yea, far above, 

A sou] to feel, to hope, to love. 

These are my gifts, whose wealth untold. 

Is dearer far than rank qj gold, 

No pauper, but a princess, 1, 

Child of a King, who reigns on high! 
—Emily Houseman Watson, in Ram's Horn. 


The custom of hiring is an old custom. Almost 
from the beginning man has planned and labored to ac- 
cumulate property. And success in his efforts brings 
more care and labor than he is able to or cares to do. 
And there have always been some who fail to accumu- 
late (Marl; 14:7). and must labor for their support; 
hence the custom of hiring. The poor agree to labor 
for the more wealthy for so much per day or month, as 
they may agree. This relation between employer and 
employed gives the adversary (who is ever on the alert 
to make trouble) quite an opportunity to get up dif- 
ferences and make trouble between the two parties, and 
many and serious have been and still are the troubles 
arising from this relation. 

One would suppose that the Gospel, which was giv- 
en to keep and help us out of trouble, would give us 
instructions on this subject ; and in this we have most 
excellent instructions in Eph. 6: 5-10 and I Tim. 6:1, 
I 2. Where these instructions are carefully observed 
there is no danger whatever of trouble between the 
two parties. 
-^Thsre should be a definite understanding between 
them as to their treatment of each other. The em- 
ployer has a right to require the hired hand to treat 
him with due respect, and. the employed has a right to 
require the same treatment. It is (falsely) supposed 
by some that the possession of property carries with it 
superior authority, and that the rich should be hon- 
ored above the poor. The apostle (James 2) gives a 
positive caution or warning against this practice. 

When I hire a hand the first consideration should 
be, How much good can I do this man while he stays 
with us in the family? I should aim to bring him 
under control ; not by arbitrary orders or instructions, 
but by kind and respectful treatment. In short, I 
should be what the hired hand ought to be. I should 
treat him so as to win his respect and affections. If 
I bring him under control in this way it will be sat- 
isfactory to both parties ; and this will bring the other 
consideration all right. The more respect the hired 
hand has for me, the more careful and diligent he will 
be about his work. It has been noticed that in some 
families where the employed stay a while they are like- 
ly to become members of the church. This is as it 
should be, and to this end family prayer and devotion 
is quite a help. Where God is honored and worshiped 
night and morning and the life during the day is in 
harmony, there will be quite an influence for good. 
" He that winneth souls is wise." Prov. 1 1 : 30. Like- 
ly this is the way in which Abraham commanded his 
children and household after him to keep the way of 
the Lord. Gen. 18 : 19. Happy the home if God is 

Now about house help. In some localities it is al- 
most impossible to get help in this department, and 
there are reasons for it. 

First. Education has paved the way for girls to 
engage in other callings, such as teaching, clerking, 
typewriting, etc. And education costs time and mon- 
ey : consequently in these callings the wages are a good 
deal higher than in the house. In our judgment the 
difference is entirely too great. It costs something to 
get an education to be qualified to teach, and there are 

some things the house girl needs to know to fill her of- 
fice satisfactorily. If the cooking is not properly done 
and the house kept clean, the health of the family is 
endangered. Health before education. The house 
girl works from ten to fourteen hours per day and the 
teacher something over half that time, and gets four 
times the salary. 

*■ Second. In some families the hired girl is treated 
'as though she belonged to a lower caste. She is ex- 
pected to prepare the meal to suit the taste of the 
family, then wait on them carefully while they eat; 
afterward eat such as they leave, and when company 
comes keep out of the way. No wonder the girls are 
getting tired of kitchen work. Give them the salary 
and respect that this calling deserves and they will not 
be so anxious to find another. It was remarked of a 
young sister who served in the kitchen that she was so 
well satisfied with her place. " I don't wonder," said 
another. " If the family made as much of me as they 
do of her I would be satisfied too." 
V If the hired girl is careless and not properly instruct- 
ed, kindly teach and correct her, and likely this con- 
stant shifting from place to place, so common in some 
localities, will not be necessary. But, oh, how some 
people despise the calling of a servant. Did anyone 
ever fill a higher office? Was not the Savior a serv- 
ant? Philpp. 2:7. Did anyone ever have a more 
ungrateful and cruel master? But he faithfully served 
out his time. And what was' the outcome ? "Where- 
fore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a 
name which is above every name." Philpp. 2 : 9. Did 
anyone one ever attain to a better return in any other 
calling? Surely the faithful servant is worthy of re- 
spect and honor, and shall attain to a good reward. 
Warrcnsburg, Mo. 

fore we think our time well spent, and trust that all 
the laborers in the aid societies will be rewarded for 
their labor, and also the sacrifice they make in attend- 
ing the meetings, by the great Giver of good gifts. 
The Sisters' Aid Society of the Ashland church 
was organized Aug. 2. 1895, with twelve charter mem- 
bers, all of whom are living except one, who has fin- 
ished her work and gone to her reward. For eight 
years we have been meeting the first Wednesday of 
each month, with but two or three exceptions, prin- 
cipally on account of had weather. Our membership 
has been increased to nearly forty, though many on 
account of sickness or home duties cannot often be 
present. We have on an average sent forty dollars 
each year to foreign and home missions. 

We have had some discouragements; we have made 
some mistakes, no doubt, yet here is a field of labor 
in which each can take a humble part. We have 
learned to forget our little troubles by noticing the 
sorrows and sufferings of others. We have also 
learned to know the heart longings of our sisters, as 
we never should, hail it not been for those monthly 
meetings. We have been able to let our light shine 
on those that arc without, and who arc seldom seen 
at our church service, anil let them see that we have 
learned of Jesus ami are striving— weakly it may be- 
to walk in his footsteps. Pray for us, that we may 
reap a bountiful harvest. 

Following is a report of the work done the past year : 
Given to foreign and home missions, $43.58; amount 
in treasury at present, $15.78. 

Emma Parker, Pres. ■ 
I.iiiuiE Bailey, Treas. 
Ashland, Ohio, Jan. is. 


The enrollment of our Sisters' Missionary Circle 
for the year 1903 was thirty-seven. The average at- 
tendance was eleven. We met the first Thursday of 
each month to transact business. Most of our sewing 
was done individually at our homes. Our sewing con- 
sisted of aprons, handkerchiefs, comforts and quilts. 
These were sold and the money placed in the general 
fund of the treasury. 

Our treasury consists of three funds: India fund, 
from which we support two India orphans; new 
church fund, from which we gave thirty dollars this 
year for our new church, which is now being erected 
at this place; general fund, from which we help the 
needy and give donations. From this fund we gave 
three dollars for Bibles at the Italian mission in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. Our total receipts for the year were 
$108.44. Total expenditures, $93.13- Collections are 
taken at each meeting. 

At Thanksgiving we sent a barrel of provisions to 
the Brooklyn mission. We also sent three barrels of 
provision to our former president, Sister Lizzie Knep- 
per, who is now engaged in mission work in Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

There are members of our church in about 124 
homes in our town. Our visiting committee made two 
social calls at these homes during the year. 


Waynesboro. Pa. 


The Salimony Sisters' Aid Society met at the home 
of Brother and Sister I. L, Shultz, Jan. 13, and or- 
ganized by electing Sister Lucy Ulrich president and 
Sister Metta DeWalt secretary. The annual report 
for the year 1 903 is as follows : Total attendance, 1 20 ; 
average attendance. 10; amount of collection. $6.57; 
average collection fifty-four cents; money earned, 
$4.54. A number of garments and other things were 
donated. We sewed seventy-eight pounds of carpet 
rags, quilted three quills, knotted six comforters, 
pieced and joined several comforters. 

Metta C. DeWai.t. Sec. 

Ian. 14 

• ■ 


This report is for the year ending Dec. 31, 1903. 
During the year we held forty-eight afternoon meet- 

The average attendance was eleven, with an average 
collection of fifty-three cents. The society quilted 
twelve quilts and pieced seven quilts, sewed some car- 
pet rags, and did quite a lot of other sewing. 

We feel that the Lord has richly blessed us in our 
humble effort, and we hope that during the next year 
we may do more and better work for Christ and the 
dlllrcn ; May Thompson, Sec. 

Conway Springs, Kans. 



In thinking over aid societies and in making the 
sacrifice of going once a month to attend the society, 
we are compelled to ask ourselves the question, " What 
good are we doing? " and then by imagination we look 
over our neighborhood and surrounding community 
and see the many acts of kindness given to those in 


!t has been the custom of all the neighbors to spend 
that day working in the Lord's vineyard, whether they 
are members of the Brethren church or society or not. 

In our society we have given considerable to the 
poor, and also to both home and foreign missions, 
which we hardly think would have received any at- 
tention had it not been for the Aid Society. There- 

Jost recently the society at this place sent a box of 
clothing to Kansas City to be distributed. The box 
contained two comforters, eleven little dresses and six 
skirts. Besides this, the society has done other sew- 
ing The attendance has been very small, but we can 
add our mite to the great work which is being wrought 

in behalf of the needy. 

Grace E. Wine, Sec. 

[oy is well in its way. but a few flashes of joy are 
trifles in comparison with a life of peace. Which IS 
best- the flash of joy lighting up the whole heart, 
and then darkness until the next flash comes, or the 
steady, calm sunlight of day in which men work?— 
F. W. Robertson. 


7 Z 




Brethren Publishing House, 


t«E General and Tract Committed 
22 & 24 Sooth Stat e Street, Elgin, III, 

, . i H Mooaa, - - Office Editor. 

D. L. MIL1.B., Ilta<3». | J; ' M,„»», Aewciate Edit™. 

H. B. BHW1AU0H, Pi, } Editor.. v~> Buiinesa Manaaer. 

H C Ea«ly, Virginia, 1 I '"■• 

„,„«*, c^^». .« -»■■ "■ '■ ■""■ «* ^^___ 

any individual connected with it. 

-^^n ^ro"ffice a, Elgin. 111., - Secotd-cl... 

Bro. Chas. D. Bonsacks is booked for a series of 
meetings at Norristo wn, Pa., comme ncing Feb. 13. 

The Brethren at Eplirata, Patently added eleven 
to their number, eight by baptism and three restored 
to fellowship. 

Send us the names of the ministers in your congre- 
gation, who do not read the Messenger, and we will 
mail them sample copies. 

The Brethren at Beech Grove, Ind., are in the 
midst of a revival, and when last heard from six young 
people had applied for membership . 

The Brethren at James River, North Dakota, have 
just closed a revival with eleven putting on Christ in 
the holy rite of Christian baptism. 

A revival meeting in the French Broad congre- 
gation, Tenn., closed with seven coming out on the 
Lord's side and applying for membership. 

Bro. Christian Holderman, of Carthage, Mo., has 
not changed his place of residence, but his address is 
changed to Reeds, R. R. No. 1, same State. 

Bro. Galen "B. Royer, Secretary of the General 
Mission Board, is now engaged in a revival meeting 
at Mount Morris, to continue over the coming Sunday. 

Sister Tempie Sauble, the earnest worker in the 
Rockford, 111., mission, goes to Chicago about the 
first of March to aid in the mission work in that 


Bro. John P. Bailey, who is now in southwest 
Missouri, and may be addressed at Bolivar, Polk Co., 
expects to remain in the State until after the Annual 


Five accessions to the Middle Creek church, Va„ 
by confession and baptism, are reported. This was the 
result of a series of meetings held by Bro. J. C. 


At the new church on the Giffin Hill, Johnstown, 
Pa., a protracted meeting was recently held and four- 
teen were buried with Christ in baptism. Three were 


At this time there are not far from twenty mem- 
bers in and around Smyrna, Asia Minor, and when 
die mission is once more opened up these will form 
quite an encouraging nucleus. 

Most encouraging results are attending the Bible 
term at the ElizabeUitown College. Pa. So far twelve 
young people have signified their purpose to give their 
life to Christ and unite with the church. 

The Brethren in the Des_ Moines Valley congrega- 
tion, Iowa, are very much encouraged. Thirteen were 
recently added to their number by putting on Christ 
in baptism. Another is to receive the initiatory rite 
later on. 

District mission boards are at liberty to make ap- 
peals, through the Messenger, to the members of their 
own district, but they must first get the permission of 
the. General Mission Board before they can make an 
appeal to the whole Brotherhood. This has been the 
rule for some years, and it works well. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-january 3°. '9°4- 

Sister Miriam M. Claar, of Queen, Pa„ writes 
that they are having some grand meetings at that 
place. Bro. H. A. Stahl is engaged in a protracted 

effort. ■ 

The revival services at North Manchester, Ind., are 
said to be largely attended, and much interest is taken 
in the meetings. There is also a very good attendance 
at the Special Bible Term. 

B„o E S Young has been conducting a Bible 
Institute in the college chapel at Daleville, Va., and 
preaching in the evening. Six persons have so far 
decided to accept t he faith arid unit e with the church. 
The time set for the public discussion, referred to 
last week, between Bro. Chas. M. Yearout, and a Dis- 
ciple minister, is Feb. 2. The debate is to be held in the 
Antioch church, Franklin County, Va., commencing 
at 10 A. M., and may last several days. 

Bro G W Hofwood and wife, who spent several 
weeks' on the Pacific coast, have returned to their 
home at Deep River, Iowa. While they enjoyed their 
trip very much, and saw many things of special in- 
terest, still they love Iowa, and were glad to reach 

their home in safe ty. 

Bro. Isaiah Rairigh, of Woodland, Mich., says 
that if he could have come in possession of that ex- 
cellent book, " The Book of Books," twenty years ago, 
he would now have a store of knowledge that would be 
of some value. Price, $1.00. To ministers of the 

Brethren church, 1 2 cents. 

Bro. E. M. Crouch, President of the Manchester 
College, North Manchester, Ind., has a good word to 
say for the Messenger. Under date of Jan. 23 he 
writes: "The Messenger grows and keeps apace 
with advanced thought. Let the prayers of all our 
people hold up the editors and management of the 


Hereafter the prayer meeting outlines will ap- 
pear under the head of "Our Weekly Program." 
Under the same head will also be found the subject and 
reference for the Sunday-school lesson as well as the 
topics and reference for the Christian Workers meet- 
ings. We are certain that this will be appreciated by 
our readers all over the Brotherhood. 

The editor of the Christian Herald says, in his 
journal, that the Roman Catholics exclude Freema- 
sons and so does Dr. Dowie exclude them from Zion, 
but he knows of no other church that does so. Of 
course he did not, at the time, know the attitude of 
the Brethren on the subject. He has, however, been 
apprised of the fact that the Brethren make member- 
ship in all secret and oath-bound societies a test of 

The Gish Fund Committee is to meet at the home of 
Eld L T. Holsinger, Pyrmont, Ind., Feb. 6. Anyone 
having anything to refer to the committee, regarding 
the selecting of books for our ministers, can address 
the committee in care of Bro. Holsinger. 

On page 74, of this issue, will be found the last 
chapter of Paul's first epistle to Timothy, the Twen- 
tieth Century NeW Testament rendering. This makes 
six chapters' that we have printed, and for the present 
. tllis will suffice. Sometime later, by special request, 
we will give the eleventh chapter of First Corinthians. 
In this instance the meaning of the original is brought 
out so plainly that it is not likely to be misunder- 

In the Home and Family Department, this week, 
several of our sisters have something to say about 
the work of the Sisters' Aid Society. We are cer- 
tain that these reports will prove interesting and help- 
ful to others. Our columns are open to reports from 
our sisters when put together in a readable form. 
Some good suggestions about the work of the sisters 
would be in order, and might be the means of en- 
couraging many. 

Hardly a day goes by that we do not have to re- 
turn from one to three death notices for the writers 
to recast and give the residence of the decease.l. 
Scores even omit the State, and more never mention 
the place of residence. Some send newspaper clip- 
pings, giving neither State nor locality in which the 
party' lived at the time of death. If our correspond- 
ents' will exercise a little care they will save us the 
time and expense of writing hundreds of letters. 

SisrER Marguerite Blxler, of East Akron, Ohio, 
has the manuscript of her book, " Origin of Hymns," 
ready for the printer, but has not yet secured suf- 
ficient advance orders to justify her in incurring the 
expenses necessary to bring out the work. Advance 
orders will be booked at 40 cents per copy, and we 
are confident that the book will be worth the price. 
The work is to contain a carefully-arranged account of 
over one hundred songs and hymns, and those who 
ace interested in the book should write Sister Blxler 
without delay, and tell her how many copies they are 
willing to take 

The Christian Evangelist, published at St. Lotus, 
Mo., in the interest of the Disciples, and ably edited by 
J. H. Garrison, has just rounded out a life of forty 
years. Editor Garrison has been connected with the 
journal all of that time save the first five years. The 
Fortieth Anniversary issue. Jan. 21, is on our desk, 
a paper of unusual interest and full of matter relating 
to the history of the publication, the men connected 
with it and other matters pertaining to the Evangelist 
and the teachings and work of the Disciples as a 
people. We have always found the paper interesting, 
but this special number is more than ordinarily enter- 
taining. The Messenger congratulates the editor and 

publishers. — 

We are in receipt of a good letter from Bro. Enoch 
Eby, who now resides at Sunnyside, Washington. 
Both he and his wife are growing old, and yet they en- 
joy fairly good health and take a special interest in 
the work of the church. Since locating in the North- 
west Bro. Eby has traveled a good deal, and has 
also done considerable preaching. He writes that he 
is verv much pleased with the country, its outlook 
and the mild but invigorating climate. A number of 
members are settling in Washington and other North- 
western States; not a few churches are being estab- 
lished and everything in the religious line is moving 
along pleasantly. 

& — -- 

Last year the mission board of Arkansas made a 
liberal use of the Messenger at their various mission 
points. The paper was sent to a number of families 
where it was thought that the right kind of religious 
reading would make a good impression. Bro. J. H. 
Neher, of Palestine, Ark., now writes us that nine of 
those receiving the paper have come to the church, and 
that wherever read, the paper is highly spoken of and 
is doing an excellent work. It will thus be seen that 
it pays to make a liberal use of the Messenger on 
our mission fields. But wherever the paper is thus 
used, with a view of helping those seeking more light, 
it should be closely followed up by both personal 
and public mission work. 


Let parents be careful what kind of presents they 
give their children. If you want your boy to learn 
the ways of peace and civilization, do not give him 
either a toy pistol or a toy sword. We cannot under- 
stand why a nonresistant people should give a boy a 
toy cannon. If you do not wish your sons to become 
soldiers, why should you purchase for them fife and 
drum? If you mean to make a modest and plain sis- 
ter of your daughter, do not give her that which you 
know she should not wear, especially if she is already 
a member. Since you know that she should not wear 
gold ornaments, do not purchase a gold chain or some- 
thing of that sort for her. In fact, never purchase 
for your children the forbidden thing. Train up a 
child in the way he should not go, and he is almost 
certain to go that way. Parents should learn to throw 
their whole influence on the right and safe side of 
questions. Their children may not always heed their 
wise counsel, but it will be helpful to a child to .look | 
back and see that his parents in bringing him up in- 
variably followed their convictions. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1904. 



KLV on Friday morning of last week Sister Susan 

tough, of Huntingdon, Pa., wife of Bro. H. B. 
"Inbaueh quie«y and Peacefully closed her eyes in 
fh and passed over to her reward. For more than 

r tlic sister suffered with a cancer. In Febra- 
I f '9°3 she stibmitted to an °P eration in Pm,a " 
lihia but it was discovered that the disease had got- 
lucli a hold of her system that she could not ex- 
| ( S 10 regain her health. After six weeks she re- 
I ,(| to her home, and seemed to improve. But it 

d only temporary. From September on her suf- 
•j wa s great, but she bore it serenely and was ready 
fan asleep in Jesus long before the summons came. 
Our sister was born in Woodcock Valley, Hunting- 
I COi p a ., Oct. 1, 1841, and grew to woman- 
Id about two miles from the old James' Creek 
Ireli. She was not reared in the Brethren church, 
M did not become a member until after her marriage 
itli Bro. H. B. Brumbaugh. When she did decide to 
It her lot with the Brethren she became a most faith- 

and earnest sister, and did all in her power for 
I advancement of the truth. She stood by her hus- 
„id in the work of the ministry and encouraged him 
, every way possible. Being of a cheerful and hos- 
jtable disposition, hers became the home of our breth- 
■n as well as the home of others. It was one of the 
L pleasant of homes, where both the young and the 
Id were ever welcomed. She was a great friend to 
ic young people, and for many years she has been 
noun among the Juniata students as "Mother Brum- 
augh." She has cheered many a homesick student, 
[id many of them have enjoyed her hospitality. 
Sister Brumbaugh saw the good in people rather 
han the bad, and was disposed to take the charitable 
lie of the question. In fact, these were leading 
Lracteristics of her life, and because of her kind- 
jess and disposition to cheer and help others she will 
s be fondly remembered. She leaves one son, I. 
Barney Brumbaugh, acting president of the Juniata 
Metre. To both the son and the devoted husband 
aIiUingek offers sympathies in this sad bereave- 
ment. It means the breaking up of one of the most 
aupy and cheerful homes in Huntingdon. The 
liurch can ill afford to lose one whose life was so full 
J good works and helpful acts. 


■ The congregational form of church government 
light serve an excellent purpose did it not afford so 
Jlany opportunities for dropping out gospel principles 
Bid introducing wrong customs and practices. It per- 
jiits unfaithful men to take advantage of the situa- 
lon and sometimes mislead and corrupt the whole 
Ingrcgation. A congregation that must at all times, 
Bid under all circumstances, stand alone, having no 
Beater associate power to fall back on, may. under 
Irilinary conditions, be able to maintain the form of 
loctrine first delivered to the saints, but in times of 
Ireat opposition it might be compelled to yield some 
Btal points and in the end cease to be a strictly loyal 

J When congregations stand alone — and this is the 
leaning of the congregational form of church govern- 
ment— they are necessarily exposed to two dangerous 
prccs, one from without and the other from within, 
■he last is the more serious, showing an internal weak- 
|es-. Designing men may creep into the flock, or they 
[ay grow up from our own number, and begin the 
paehing of false doctrine and thus be the means of 
pding man y astray. In time the corrupting influence 
|iay become too strong for the congregation to throw 
if. and. having no other help, the body is rendered 
■werless, and must tolerate evils that ought not to be 

1 We impress this thought by an illustration or two. 
- a congregation of reasonable size a few men of in- 
faence join the Freemasons. The matter is kept quiet, 
J 1 '}' the sentiment in favor of Masonry spreads, but 
■nallv the matter has to come to an issue, when it 

P found that just enough of the men of influence have 
pined the lodge to prevent the church from taking 

an action in their case. Their numbers and influence 
are sufficient to defeat any movement of the church 
looking to their discipline. What is to be done ? The 
form of church government being purely congrega- 
tional, there is no higher court to which an appeal can 
be made, and the evil and corrupting influence must be 
tolerated. There is no other way out of it. 

This would result in one congregation practically en- 
dorsing Freemasonry, and what would then be in the 
way of the preacher, himself, becoming a Mason? 
Evil spreads. It is like the Canada thistle, there is no 
place too good for it. In time other congregations 
would be tolerating Masonry and the oath-bound so- 
cieties generally, and in a brief period the whole de- 
nomination would have to cease opposing the secret 
orders. Because of the congregational form of church 
government the evil is permitted to take root, grow 
and overcome the entire body. There is no exag- 
geration about this. In the United States there hap- 
pen to be two religious denominations that have had 
just such an experience. The evils of secret societies 
crept in through congregations, and there is now no 
way of getting rid of the condition. And whenever 
the Brethren church becomes purely congregational 
that is going to be her history. 

We further impress this lesson by another illus- 
tration. In a well-to-do congregation the pastor holds 
very liberal views, though you may not be able to 
discover it in his preaching. Some of the sisters add 
a little jewelry to their attire. The thing grows and 
spreads. Some of the members attend plays, and next 
they are found at the theater, and it is only a step from 
some of the plays to the card table. In the eyes of 
the popular world there is nothing wrong about all 
this. The liberal-minded pastor did not have convic- 
tion strong enough to prompt him to act when the 
smaller evils made their appearance. Some of his best 
young people have fallen into the sin of the world, it 
is no great sin he thinks: the conditions might be 
worse, he thanks God that they are not, but his church 
has become quite fashionable ; there is no cross worth 
mentioning for tile members to bear. The few faith- 
ful ones who do not believe in this thing of per- 
mitting a congregation to go in the way of the world, 
can do nothing. The majority of the membership is 
against them. The pastor may be a good man, but he 
is without decision. 

And now what? The church knows only the con- 
gregational form of government. There is no one, or 
,10 organized body, authorized to set her in order. The 
condition must be left go from bad to worse, and the 
end of the once plain and orderly congregation 
is the fate of the congregations that may be 
generally found where the congregational form 
of church government prevails. Of course the evil 
spreads in this case just as it does in case of secret 
societies, and by and by the churches the land over 
will find it impracticable to discipline their members, 
and especially the congregations that may, step by step, 
depart from the faith, or neglect the form of doctrine 
that prevailed in the early churches presided over by 
the apostles. 

One has only to look at the results in the denomi- 
nations adhering strictly to the congregational form of 
government to discover the defects in the system. 
There is a better method. The apostles and those who 
followed in their footsteps had this better method, and 
it will pav us to study the New Testament carefully 
with a view of learning more about it. This system 
must recognize all the individual liberty granted mem- 
bers by the Gospel, as well as the liberty given to con- 
gregations. And at the same time the members, en- 
deavoring to carry out this system, must learn to re- 
spect each other and the church also. Then the con- 
gregations must learn not only to respect the sister 
congregations, but they must be taught how to co- 
operate with each other, and thus become a co-opera- 
tive working body, not interfering with each other's 
gospel rights, and yet at the same time being ever 
readv to help one another. In a sense, they may 
work independently, and yet in another sense they 
should co-operate so they can move forward as a com- 
pact, well-organized and disciplined body. 


One of the most common things that happen to us is 
to get and retain wrong conceptions. It is common 
because it is such an easy thing to do. And we speak 
from our own experience and what we have learned 
from observation. 

When we think of an end, in which we may he con- 
cerned, and do not know when that end will be. it be- 
comes a subject for inquiry. We become interested 
and start out 011 a tour of investigation. We are anx- 
ious to know whether or not the time of the ending can 
he determined. And this is because our being, our in- 
terests, our living and our pleasures are involved. 

There are two endings in which we are all more or 
less .vitally interested. The ending of lime as it re- 
lates to this world in which we now live, and the end- 
ing of our physical lives as we now live. Both oi 
these ends are certain to come. But our heavenly ba- 
ther, in his providence and for a very wise purpose, 
has seen best to keep the time of these endings to him- 
self and from us. 

God doesn't want us to live for an end so much as 
a purpose. The end is made all the better and more 
noble by living for. the purpose. And when we'thus 
live we lose sight of the end in trying to fulfill the pur- 

It is the first end that we have especially 111 mind at 
this time, and therefore we will confine our thoughts 
to this subject— the en. I oi the present dispensation. 
That this end is coming cannot he a debatable subject 
if we believe the New Testament scriptures; so that 
the first question is, When will that end be? And the 
answer must be, We do not know. " But of that day 
and hour knoweth no man, no. not the angels ol heav- 
en, but my Father only." So says the Christ himself. 
And Ibis ought to end all controversy. But the ques- 
tion comes to us, Why should we not know ? Because, 
it we knew, and if it were ill the scope of our lease 
of life, we would spend our remaining veals and days 
ill preparing for this end instead of going steadily on 
doing the work that has been given us. II is nol the 
end we want to reach, but to finish '.ill work, our 
course. And if. day by day, we faithfully perform the 
duties that are incumbent upon us, we shall be pre 
pared for the coming end, be it in Hu- morning, al noon 
or in the evening. 

The second thought is. I low will this end come? 
When it does come, will it be gradually and knowingly 
as the day closes? In the morning as the sun rises in 
the east we have, in our minds, the noontide, lb.' sun- 
setting, and then the day will end. But tins end will 
not come in this way, but suddenly and unexpectedly. 
"The day of the Lurd cometh as a thief in the night. 
And we all have an idea of bow thieves come. They 
do not 'give notice beforehand of lb.- time of their 
coming; neither do they make long and noticeable prep- 
arations. Suddenly and quietly they come, so as not 
to be seen or heard until they are ready to fall upon 
their prey. " As the lightning cometh out of the east 
and flasheth even unto the west, so shall also the com- 
ing of the Son of man he." All this teaching goes to 
show that we are not to prepare so much for death as to 
live • not so much for the coming of the end, as to 
take hold of the gospel plan and go steadily forward. 
The work is for us, the end is with the Lord. 

The third thought is, What condition will the world 
and the church be in when this end comes? About 
this there seems to be some room for a difference of 
opinion. At least, we do get different conceptions 
about it. whether there is room for it or not. 

Let us see what is said about it. " And as it was in 
the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of die 
Son of man." And how was it in those days ? About 
the same as it is now, and always has been. What 
were the people doing at that time? "They d,d eat, 
they drank, they married wives, they wee given in 
marriage, until the day that Noe entered ,n o the :z rk 
and the flood came and destroyed them all. What 
are we doing now ? Exactly the same thmgs Wa tf 
wrong to do those things at that time? We think 
no, What, then, is it that Christ was trying to prove 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30. '9°4- 

to the people by this reference? Was it that as the 
people were wicked then in doing those things, the 
people living at the time of the coming of Christ will 
be doing these same wicked things? A good many 
people get it this way, and, holding to this opinion, 
make it very hard to reconcile it with other scriptures 
which seem to prove that the kingdom of Christ is grow- 
ing and will continue to grow until sin and the devil 
are vanquished and the glorious millennium is ushered 
in as the crowning work of the Christ power in the 
world This evidentlv was not the purpose of Christ. 
But he wanted to teach the people that as the end of 
the world came unexpectedly to these antediluvians, so 
will come the end of the present dispensation. It was 
the purpose of his Father that it should come m this 
way, and wisely too, that the work of saving souls 
might continue to the end. 

Let us look at another comparison given : " Like- 
wise also as it was in the days of Lot: they did eat. 
they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they 
builded." This was all going on the day before Sod- 
om fell. What does all this show? Nothing more 
than that these people did not know the time of their 
end. He does not say anything about the wickedness 
of the city, because that was not the subject under 
consideration. He was telling the people about the 
time of his second coming, and used these different 
quotations, not to show the moral and religious con- 
ditions of the people as they will be at that time, but 
the unexpected and sudden manner of his coming. 
And from the whole of it, it seems to us, we are taught 
that our mission in the world is not to prepare for 
this, or any other ending, but so to live and so to 
work that when the end does come we will be found 
watching, working and ready. «■ »• D - 

Meeting, for the purpose of investigating conditions 
better than it is possible for an assembled body to do, 
and to apply the government of the church, these com- 
mittees are amenable to the bodies that appoint them 
They have only such authority as is given them ; and 
this must be based on government already thoroughly 
settled by the church in her councils, supported by the 
plain teaching of the Word of God, so that the demo- 
cratic principle of government is not endangered by 
committees. If committees act unadvisedly, or tran- 
scend the limit of their authority, this plan of gov- 
ernment provides that they shall be called to an ac- 

It sometimes happens that the church is divided on 
questions. After the most thorough and fair investi- 
gation this condition frequently obtains. How are 
such questions to be settled? Is it according to reason 
and the spirit of fairness that the views of the minority 
should become the rule of action for the body? What 
would that rule work in civil government? Would it 
be less harmful in church government? Is there any 
organized body on earth of any kind that holds that 
the majority shall submit to the minority? The only 
right and fair thing in cases of divided opinion is that 
the majority shall rule, and the minority ought to sub- 
mit cheerfully, and cooperate with the body. The 
bonds of union thus become stronger ; while the oppo- 
site course encourages schism in the body, and di- 
vision finally. 

Now what more can our people ask or expect along 
government lines ? A government more equitable can- 
not be found. If a man stands for any government at 
all this government will be easy and satisfactory to 

many witnesses, you made your great profession of 
Faith. I urge you, as in the sight of God, the source 
of all life, and of Christ Jesus who before Pontius Pilate 
made his great profession of Faith— I urge you to keep 
his command, free from stain or reproach, until the 
Appearance of Jesus Christ, our Lord. This will be 
brought about in his own time by the one ever-blessed 
Potentate, the King of all kings and Lord of all lords, 
who alone is possessed of immortality and dwells m 
unapproachable light, whom no mortal has ever seen or 
ever can see, and to whom be ascribed honour and pow- 
er for ever. Amen. 

Urge those who are wealthy in this life not to pride 
themselves, or fix their hopes, on such an uncertain 
thing as wealth, but on God, who gives us a wealth 
of enjoyment on every side. Urge them to show kind- 
ness, to exhibit a wealth of good actions, to be open- 
handed and generous, and so to store up what m 
the future will prove to be a good foundation, in order j 
that they may gain the only true Life. - 

Pray. Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to 
you. Turn your back on the profane prattle and con- 
tradictions of what some miscall ' theology,' for some 
people, while asserting their proficiency in it, have yet, 
in the matter of the Faith, gone altogether astray. 

God bless you all.' 




A form of government in which the supreme power 
is in the hands of the whole people, exercised ordi- 
narily by a system of representation and delegation of 
powers, is democratic. It is government by the peo- 
ple and for the people. In opposition to this is the 
episcopal form of government in which the power is 
vested in the officials of the church,'usually several dif- 
ferent grades, and is exercised by them. It is based 
on the hypothesis that office has inherent and insepar- 
able power. This form of government always leads to 
monopoly and corruption. The only safe thing in gov- 
ernment, either civil or ecclesiastical, is that the pow- 
er shall rest in the whole people. 

Our form of church government is intensely demo- 
cratic. Everything is done on the principle that the 
power is in the whole church. It is government by 
herself and for herself. The officials are called to of- 
fice by the body, and have their limitations defined by 
the body; they are the servants of the body, and are 
amenable to the body ; not the body the servants of the 
officials and amenable to them. 

In matters of doctrine or government any member 
of the body has the right to raise a question. He car- 
ries it up before the congregation in which he holds his 
membership for consideration. It then becomes the 
property of the congregation. If it is a question that 
concerns the entire Brotherhood, it is passed through 
district meeting to Annual Meeting, the highest coun- 
cil of the church, for an answer; if it is a question 
that concerns only the district of which the congrega- 
tion is a part, it is sent up to the district meeting 
for settlement; if it is a question that applies only 
to the congregation, it is determined there, if it can be 
done in a way that gives satisfaction. If not, it can 
be carried to district meeting, and if satisfaction is not 
rendered there, it can be carried to Annual Meeting, 
so that any individual member of the church can have 
the wisdom of the whole body on any question of doc- 
trine or polity, if he desires it. And in these differ- 
ent stages of investigation each member, male and fe- 
male, has the right to be heard. The discussion, so 
long as the speaker keeps within the limits of good be- 
havior, is absolutely free. 

When it becomes necessary to send committees from 
the congregation, the district meeting or the Annual 

[The Twentieth Century New Testament proposes a 
translation from the original into modern English. The 
reading is interesting, though we cannot say that we alto- 
gether approve of the style. But to give our readers 
some idea of the rendering we shall publish Paul's First 
Letter to Timothy, giving one chapter each week. Com- 
pare it with the Authorized Version.— Ed.] 

All whs are in the position of slaves should regard 
their masters as deserving of the greatest respect, so 
that the Name of God, and our Teaching, may not 
be maligned. Those who have Christian masters 
should not think less of them because they are Broth- 
ers. On the contrary, the service they give should be 
all the better, because those who are to benefit by it 
are dear to them as fellow-Christians. 

/'///. — Further Warning Against False Teachers. 
Those are the things to teach and insist on. Any 
one who teaches otherwise, and refuses his assent to 
such sound instruction— wdiich is really that of our 
Master, Jesus Christ— and to the teachings of religion, 
is puffed up with conceit, though really he is utterly 
ignorant. He has, besides, a morbid craving for dis- 
cussions and arguments. These, however, only give 
rise to envy, quarrelling, recriminations, base suspi- 
cions, and incessant wrangling on the part of these 
corrupt-minded people who have lost all hold on the 
Truth, and who think of religion only as a source of 
gain. And a great source of gain religion is, bring- 
ing, as it does, contentment with it. It is clear that 
we brought nothing into the world, for we cannot even 
carry anything out of it! So, as we have food and 
shelter, we will be content. Those who want to be rich 
fall into the snares of temptation, and become the prey 
of many foolish and harmful ambitions, which plunge 
people into Destruction and Ruin. Love of money is a 
source of all kinds of evil ; and in their eagerness to be 
rich some have wandered away from the Faith, and 
have been pierced to the heart by many a regret. 

IX. — Further Directions and Blessing. 
But you, Servant of God. must avoid all this. You 
must aim at righteousness, piety, faith, love, endurance, 
and gentleness. Run the great race of the Faith, and 
gain the enduring Life. It was for this that you re- 
ceived the Call, and for this that, in the presence of 

Six miles south of Assouan, in Southern Egypt, is 
the island of Philae, in the river Nile. On this island 
stands the famous temple of Isis and Osiris, erected to 
heathen worship about 1700 B. C. Probably millions 
of dollars were devoted to adorning this charming 
island. Great temples and other structures were erect- 
ed, scores of rooms finished in polished marble and 
granite, and every inch covered with inscriptions. All 
of this required years of work by the most skillful of 
men, and shows to what extent art had been carried in 
that remote period of the world's history. This was 
when the Hebrews were in Egypt and Joseph was 
alive. Moses had not yet been born and not one.,'-* 
the Bible had been written. 

For centuries this famous temple, once the admir- 
ation of the world, along with the other structures 
adorning the island, has been in ruins. Great columns 
are piled on the top of each other and finely polished 
stones may be found in great heaps. In the time of 
Joseph the island was a veritable paradise, to-day deso- 
lation reigns supreme. The great wealth, the vast 
population, the advanced culture along with the busy 
scenes have all disappeared. The silent and forsaken 
ruins tell a wonderful story of the great past. They 
tell the story of a mighty people of whose race and 
history the world knows comparatively nothing. We 
know the history of Joseph. We are familiar with the 
history of the Hebrews, but what of the history of the 
people who builded and adorned these magnificent 
temples of the Nile island? The mute stones, the si- 
lent and prostrated columns tell all there is to be told. 
wonderful, wonderful, wonderful. 


1 the 

Is the saying. " Cleanliness is next to godline 

It is not in the Bible. It first made its appearance | 
in the Jewish Mishna. or oral law. The expression 1 
verv old, and is also credited to an ancient Hindd I 
book. For one who needs a text outside of the Bible I 
it might serve an excellent purpose. Men and women I 
who want to live godly lives must learn the art of 
cleanliness. They must both believe in and practice I 
what Henry Ward Beecher denominated as " the soapl 
and water gospel." 

If possible never permit people to count the cost oil 
following Christ. Get them figuring on the cost of 
not following him. A man can well afford to accept] 
Tesus and obey him. But ean he afford to reject himT 
Here -is where the risk comes in. There is no risk tol 
run in being a Christian. The risk is in being a si" 

THB GOSPEL MESSENGER. — January 30, 1904. 


E^al Missiona ry and Tract Department 

IUlnoli 1 H. C. Karl?, - Vtodnla 

Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, Maryland 

lOHN ZUCK, low}. 

Address all business to 
General Missionary nnd Tract Committee, Elgin, 

***** + + 
General Mis- * 

The next regular meeting of the 
I -onarv a" d Tract Committee will be held in Elgin, 
'April 6, 1904. Business intended^ for this meet- 
' should' be in L. 
later than March 22. 

..A********** ******* ***** 

Ve profess much, and this gives the world a right to 
, much of us. ^ # ^ 

lo convert the heathen we must get and hold the chil- 
They are eager to learn, and they must be taught. 
<js «> «> 

L he General Missionary Committee of the M. E. church 
i appropriated almost a million and a half dollars for 
£ work of 1004. ^ ^ 

here may be idols keeping us from doing our best 
Lk for the Lord. " The dearest idol I have known " 
, be dearer than he to whom my debt is so great. 

The Rev. John M. Perkins, of the Wissika mission, 
pe Palmast, Liberia, says that an encouraging feature 
the work at that station is that many of the natives 
,r by seem to be tiring of heathen practices. Two men 
il their families have lately built homes near the mis- 
,n buildings, and have been attending services regularly. 
f these persons one man and his wife have asked to be 
,pti2ed into the Christian faith. 

The work among the native kraals or villages in Rho- 
, Africa, has been so encouraging that an aggressive 
licy has been adopted for the coming year that will 
mbtless mean much for the gathering of present heathen 
to the fold of the church. As a result of the temporary 
sidence of several of our missionaries at the kraal of 
,sa, the paramount chief of the Mashona nation, an in- 
:frtio» has been extended to the missionaries to establish 
station at this most important center. Influences go out 
Ml this national center to 7S.000 or 100.000 people. 
■* S- <S> 

there are now. And— thank God — as there were then 
those who believed they were well able to go in and 
possess the land, so there are now those who bejieve 
that the command to go and the promise of Christ's pres- 
ence and assistance are all that the church needs to go 
and teach all nations. But perhaps at no time since the 
apostolic age has the latter class been in a majority in 
the church; and that is why the world has not yet been 
taught the glad tidings which were intended for all peo- 

The can'ts are a dead weight. They doubt everything 
which is not in harmony with their ideas of Christian life 
and duty; and their prejudice is so great that they will 
not seek to find mistakes in their theories. They live 
near the earth, not rising themselves and hindering oth- 
ers from rising to the spiritual heights which are so glo- 
rious. What are we going to do about it? How can 
they be changed, made helpers instead of hinderers? By 
precept, by example. If your neighbor says a good work 
cannot be done, the best way to make him change his 
mind is to do it; and then show him how much more 
could have been done if he had helped. This will in- 
crease his faith, and it may be that in time he will be- 
come an earnest and enthusiastic worker. 

And then it is important for us to find out just where 
we stand. We may be on one side when we think we 
are on the other. It is unfortunate to be in that condi- 
tion, especially if one is on the wrong side while thinking 
he is on the right. In Christ's picture of the judgment 
there were some who found themselves mistaken; they 
had not stood where they supposed they had, and it was 
a sad day for them. Are we pushing ahead or are we 
sitting on the brake? Do we have faith enough to take 
God at his word and go ahead, trusting him for results, 
or do we say we can't, and then sit down and lament be- 
cause he has said we should? Let each one look into 
his own heart and tear out all the doubt he finds there. 
And when this is done the forward and upward progress 
of the church will be surprising. We can do all that we 
are told to do. We can go to the uttermost parts of the 
earth and teach the people. Will we? Do we belong to 

the cans or the can'ts? G - M - 

<8> «■ «> 


sites for Christian villages, one very hostile official seized 
from him one of the prettiest sites to start a village for 
himself, this to oppose the advance of the Christians as 
much as possible. He moved into his village about fifty 
families, far enough away, he thought, front the Christian 
influence. The last time Bro. McCann went into the 
state he found among other applicants for baptism eight- 
een from the village where the official thought there would 
be no danger of Christians coming. How true it is that 
the power of man has little influence on the progress of 
Christianity when once it is set aflame. And how true, 
too, that the more Christianity is persecuted, the more it 
will grow. " Not by might nor by power, but by my Spir- 
it, saith the Lord." We watch the outcome of this move- 
ment in that village. Elir.a 11. Miller. 
# *> «• 


Christmas with its joys and sorrows 
gone. The new year is upon us. Tin 
their sorrows as well as joys. This is 
many think it proper to partake of that 
and from which much misery and distre: 

At a convention held some time ago in Philadelphia 
le speaker, referring to what the members of his church 
lould do. said: "We should send seventy-five new mis- 
pnaries to southern Asia, seventy-five more to eastern 
fifty to Spanish America, and fifty to Africa. We 
|ould send these two hundred and fifty new men to the 
Id within the next twelve months. I say nothing of 
e women, in addition to the heroic wives who would go 
it with these men. Our woman's society should send a 
|rce of at least half as many more; that is, one hundred 
id twenty-five unmarried lady missionaries. Of course 
statement of this kind will occasion more surprise than 
iproval. It will seem to many entirely wild and im- 
aeticable." ' 

The speaker believed that the church- could send that 
mber. A great number no doubt thought differently. 
most from the beginning -there have been the two 
isses; the one thought they could do what the Lord 
i, and the other thought they could not. The question 
w is of going forth to conquer heathen lands for the 
»rd. ' Long ago God's people were told to go in and 
nailer a land. . Most of them said they could not do it, 
n the land were strong cities protected by walls, and 
nhabitants were giants in size. The hearts of this 
losen people failed them, and they wept all-night De- 
nse they were afraid their leader would tell them to go. 
id they did not go, though they knew it was the Lord's 
ill that they should. But many of them died there be- 
te of their disobedience, and the whole multitude was 
ned back into the wilderness to spend weary years in 
ndering. Only two of the adults were allowed to cross 
the promised land, and they were the two who be- 
ed God and wanted to go forward as he directed. The 

s left their bones in the wilderness, 
he command given to the church nearly nineteen 
turies ago was just as positive as the one given to 
Hebrews. And as punishment followed failure to 

It ran like 

During the famine, when the children were gathered up, 
we asked the children first of all whether they were par- 
entless or not. We aimed to gather in only those whose 
parents had died. In some cases the untruth was told, 
and so now we find we have a number of children whose 
parents are yet alive. Some of them make no end of 
pleading for their children to come away, even though 
they are too poor to give them support. Among our car- 
penter boys is one— Natha— who was brought, thinking 
that he was parentless; but since we find out that his old 
mother is still alive. He sometimes goes to see her. 
She lives in the Raj Pipla state and has herself become a 
Christian since the days of famine. Some weeks ago 
this boy Natha received word from his home that his 
brother had died and that he should come home at once. 
Natha wanted to go, and cried to go, but we tried in 
every way to tell him that his going was useless, espe- 
cially since he had visited the old home only a few weeks 
before. Finally he decided to write a letter to his mother 
and brothers and tell them he would not come. He 
the letter, then handed it to us for approval 

" My dear Mother:— Please read and accept the well- 
wishing salaams of your affectionate son Natha I have 
received the sad and painful news of the death of my 
brother, from which for a time I felt very much distress. 
But what is the use for us to weep and lament lilts 
thing is not in our hand. We have been taught tha 
whatever is the will of the Lord is good. This IS the will 
of the Lord, consequently we should be happy. We be- 
long to the Lord, mother, and now it would be wrong 
for us to beat our breasts and wail as do others. Fur- 
thermore 't would be wrong for us to have a feast as do 
others at this time of bereavement. What have we to cry 
about' Our hope is in God. What has happened has 
happened, and- the best thing for us to do is lo bow in 
humble submission to our bereavement as Christians 
should, and then the world will know that we have made 
a change and are not as we once were. We have no 
choice in this matter, therefore let us not weep and be 
sorrowful for something which we cannot remedy. Jesus 
Christ is our consolation, and if we will look to him he 
will heal all our sorrows, for he knows what grief is. He 
is always with us and will remain with us until the end 

" Now you say I have not been an obedient son in that 
I have not come home according to your call; but you 
must remember that I am here with the Sahib, who is 
now my guardian. I like to do what he says, for I think 
he knows what is best for me as well as for you. You 
say I should come, but you should not expect me to come 
more than once a year since we are poor people. You 
should remember, too. that we are now Christians and 
that we are not supposed to do as we formerly did For 
us to do as the world does is not worthy of us. So do 
Tell my brothers not to lament, for 

has conic and 
holidays have 
the time when 
which tnockclh 
result. At this 
lime the police have extra work to take care of those who 
become so overloaded with the so-considered good things 
from Satan's workshop. While Christinas brings so 
much sorrow to some, it brings perhaps many times more 
joy to many because of presents or other benefits re- 
ceived at that time. To the Christian it is a lime of joy 
because of the occasion which il commemorates. 

A short time ago I was in a neighboring congregation 
to a council meeting, where a brother who had gone 
from the church two years ago, came hack to work with 
the church. He had been a minister. We treated him 
kindly during this time and let hi. case rest, hoping that 
he would come back, and so he did. lo the great joy of 
the church. A week later another minister who had 
seemed lo be lost to the church requested I" I"' relumed. 
Both of these brethren had thought 10 try pastures new, 
but, as is so often the case, did 1101 find just what they 

It is one thing to he taken up with Ml idea and think 
it is just what one wants, hut when il comes to meeting 
the cold facts of practical life it docs not stand the lest 
as expected. When members sec trouble and difficult 
problems arising in Ihe church, they arc soinclinlcs tempt- 
ed to think other denominations arc surely freer from 
such troubles. Ah I my dear brother or sister, don't be 
deceived. Very few, families, business affairs or church 
es. show their perplexities to the world. Il is only when 
one gets into the inner workings that one sees the dark 
side. One only needs to read the cpisioUry writings lo 
see how the weaknesses of human ilalure cropped OUl in 
the apostles' days, and so long as we have to deal with 
the Adatnic nature we need not expecl lo be free from 
perplexities and even troubles. 

Every Gospel Messenger we receive makes our hearts 
rejoice with Ihe good news of so many giving their hearts 
Lord. May Hie K""'l work go on as we now enter 
A. W. Vanimatl. 

. the 

lbe new year. 
Malmo, Sweden 


«. <3> * 

Recently, while canvassing for our Publishing House „, 
our lown. I discovered a system of inistiion work thai Is 
worthy of general notice. Here it is: An "Id brother and 
sister who do washing for different families ,11 the town, 
since their children are all married and gone, have made 
it a rulcnow for some time to place a Messenger or two 
in the basket when the clothes are returned; and Ihe very 

novelty of il has altraclcd lo il attention that probably 
could not have been secured 1,1 any Other way. How 
times have we found ourselves poring over the 
,n old out-of-datC paper thai was wrapped 
supplying words when soiled or 
[he column. Just a spirit of curi- 
but somehow we do il. Rariing a few 
cially inspired disciple has 
,'e'n thTiibeVt'y'of 'ventilaling some new theory, 
splendid cxpon.-nt of our faith; and, 


columns of 
around something, 
blurred or torn across 
osity. we presume, 
articles in which sc 
been gi 
the Messenger 

ill take the same interest in its 
and sister, we will more than 
silent missionary during the 
A. G. Crosswhite. 

V *« one. ,, is reasonable to-suppose that punishment *ot lament mother. Tellmy^ "«»- , »«£ 

! <o.low failure to obey the other. „ there were then "^^ ^^ _ ^^ ago . w „ t ,„ select 

: to obey the oth 
P se who had too little faith to trust and go ahead, so 

if all of our subscribers v 
circulation as this brothe 
double its influence as 
coming year. 

Flora. Ind.. Dec. 21. 

[Some one who does not have to take in washing for 
a iving should go into partnership with these good old 
people and have enough copies of the Messenger sen 
fresh copy may be placed in each washing 
Fivc or ten dollars will do the work, 
knows the people, and if the money is 
sec that we get it along with the ad- 
dress of the people, and then each week we can ma, 
them five or ten copies, as may be ordered. The one 
wishing to go in partnership with these old people should 
arrange the matter with Bro. Crosswhite before sending 
the money, so the thing will not be overdonc.-Ed.l 

them so 
when sent home, 
Bro. Cross white 
sent him he wi 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30. i9°4* 

Notes from Our Correspondents^ 

- As cold water to a thirsty soul, so l a good news from a far country." 

Fruitdalc— At the council meeting held at this place 
we ^pointed a committee to select a location for a house 
of worship. We still need more money before we can go 
ahead with the building. We »»« a smaH church h, re of 
about thirty members, and I o.ten think of the large con 
legations in the North, side by side, to encourage each 
nfher We are a small body, but none of us feel like g.v- 
ing up. When the church was first organized we started 
a Sunday school and a prayer meeting. These are still 
prospering, for which we thank the Lord. We nonce n 
the Messenger that some of the ministers are going to 
warmer climates to stay and preach during the winter, and 
we wonder whether some could not come this way. We 
reorganized our Sunday school, with Bro. George Bil- 
heimer superintendent and the writer assistant.— J. £.. 
Jordan, Fruitdale, Ala., Jan. 20. 

St. Francis.— Jan. 13 we were called to the bedside of 
Sister Jane Sloniker for the purpose of anointing her. 
We bowed around her bed in prayer with Aunt Nannie 
Neher; afterwards the anointing of oil was administered 
by Eld. J. H. Neher, the writer assisting him.— U. L.. 
Burns, St. Francis, Ark., Jan. 16. 

met for worship at the house of 

Harlacher, our_ son-in-law,, and we 
o. Sherman Stook- 


Rockyford.— We held our council Jan. 2. Several let- 
ters of membership were accepted. The Sunday follow- 
ing we reorganized our Sunday school for one year. 
Sister Blanche Talhelm superintendent, Sister Rosa Wey- 
bright assistant. We have a very successful young peo- 
ple's meeting each Sunday evening before preaching. 
There are about thirty-five young members here We 
decided at the council to send a minister to Holbrook, 
about twelve miles north of here, once every two weeks 
10 preach. The Rockyford church has decided to give 
one hundred dollars towards the Pueblo mission if the 
district will start it this year.— Clara E. Neher, Rocky- 
ford, Colo., Jan. 16. 

St Vrain.— Bro. L. E. Keltner gave us a good mission- 
ary sermon to-day, after which a collection of $23.60 was 
taken for home mission work. Our dear Bro. Weidman, 
who had the misfortune to have his limb badly broken 
in a runaway in November, is slowly improving and ex- 
pects to be about again in the near future. Our Sunday 
school was reorganized the first of the year, with Bro. 
Moore superintendent and Bro. Long assistant.— Blanche 
A. Long, Longmont, Colo., Jan. 17. 

Clearwater churcl: 
Bro. Ed. and Molli 
enjoyed a very interesting meetin„. 
e'y doing the preaching. By request of one of the Meth- 
odist brethren we made up two sled loads of brethren 
and sisters and went to Cavendish in the evening and en- 
joyed a meeting in their new house, also conducted by 
Sherman Stookcy.— T. Y. Henry, Teakean. Idaho, Jan, 17. 
Chicago Mission.— There is in Chicago a poor sister 
who has been deserted by her husband and was left with 
nine children to support. We have been able to place 
two of them in a good home in Mt. Morris, but now we 
come with our first appeal of this sort to our Messenger 
readers, to seek homes for two others— little boys four 
and five years of age. She is willing to have them placed 
in separate homes if not possible to have them together. 
Is there not some mother heart who is touched by this 
appeal and is willing for the sake of the Master she loves 
to open her heart and home to these dear little boys? 
Any one desiring more information concerning them can 
secure it by corresponding with Sister Cora Cripe, 660 S. 
Ashland Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Beech Grove.— Jan. 16 Bro, Henry L. Fadely, of Honey 
Creek, Ind., came to our place, and it seemed that the 
Spirit of the Lord was with us from the beginning. He 
has preached six inspiring sermons and there are six ap- 
plicants, mostly all Sunday-school scholars, some young 
in years, ranging in age from eleven to twenty. We ex- 
pect to continue our meetings so long as good will re- 
sult.— Luther Kedel, Ingalls, Ind., R. R. 38. Ja n - 90. 

Springfield congregation has great reasons to rejoice 
over the results of the first Bible institute ever held with- 
in her borders. The institute was under the direction of 
J. Edson. Ulery, of Brethren, Mich. It began Jan. 5. 
Two sessions were held each day and for nearly a fort- 
night the surrounding community enjoyed the rich feasts 
of hearing the Living Book wonderfully explained. Each 
evening session was followed by an inspiring revival ser- 
mon. While we labored under great disadvantages, yet 
we feel that the meeting was a success. — J. A. Miller. 
Wawaka, Ind., Jan. 20. 

Wabash. — Last Sunday at 10:30 A. M. services were 
conducted by Bro. J. F. Frantz and Eld. N. W. Crum- 
rine. Bro. Frank Henderson delivered another one of 
his excellent temperance lectures at this place on the 
night of Jan. 10. Eld. E. S. Brubaker will in the near 
future move to his new location, about one mile south of 
the church, which will be more convenient to him. his 
present location being about ten miles distant. Our Sun- 
day school, which was successfully conducted for the 
past nine months by brethren George Frank and Henry 
Austin, will close for the present but open again in early 
spring. — Kittie A. Hursh, Wabash, Ind., Route 2, Jan. 19. 
Des Moines Valley congregation have just enjoyed a 
very interesting series of meetings and Bible teaching by 
Bro. E. B. Hoff. of North Manchester, Ind. He com- 
menced Jan. 5 and labored for us earnestly till Jan. 17, 
giving us Bible interpretation in the forenoons and also 
in the evenings, with a sermon each night. The meet- 
ings were then continued by our elder until Jan. 21. 
Fourteen came out on the Lord's side. These were all 
baptized to-day, with the exception of one who will be 
baptized in the future. We feel much encouraged. — Jas. 
Q. Goughnour, Ankeny. Iowa, Jan. 22. 


Cedar Creek.— Bro. C. H. Brown, of Navarre, Kans., be- 
gan a series of meetings for us Jan. 2 and continue d u irttil 
Jan. 14. During the day he met with the brethren at 
their houses and made a special study of the Bible. We 
believe the brethren appreciated Bro. Browns labors A 
husband and wife decided to unite with the Brethren. 
We regret that Bro. Brown could not stay with us long- 
er.— W. H. H. Price, Mt. Ida, Kans., Jan. 23. 

Osage.— Bro. Salem Beery fed the sheep at the Osage 
church Jan. ,7. assisted by E. M. Wolf This church has 
a model Sunday school, conducted by brethren D. P. Ne- 
her and Chas. Horner. Brethren Martin Neher and Rob- 
ert Edgecomb, deceased, were the pioneers of this church. 
-Henry Shideler, McCune, Kans., R. R. No. 6, Jan. 22. 

Wade Branch.— Bro. James Hardy, of Olathe, Kans., 
came to our place Dec. 26 and remained until Jan 4. 
preaching nineteen interesting sermons. The attendance 
was not very large, but we had good attention.— Tva My- 
ers, Paola, Kans., R. R. No. 1, Jan. 15. 

Sharpsburg.— Bro. James A. Sell, of McKees Gap, Pa., 
came to our rescue Jan. 9 and awakened us by his mes- 
sages from God's Word. Much good seed has been sown. 
He is yet with us to further the cause.— M. A. Mamma, 
Sharpsburg, Md., Jan. si. 

Union Bridge.— Bro. Dove, from Botetourt county, Vir 
ginia, is expected to begin 
The next day a Bible term of two weeks wi 
in the Maryland Collegiate 
be held in the chapel.— 
Jan. 16. 

eries of meetings Jan. 24. 
Institute. All services will 
W. Stoner, Union Bridge, Md,, 

Osceola church met : 
mons presiding. The 

a place 1 

1 council Jan. 16, Eld. T. J. Sim- 
ost of the business was to select 
here we could hold a series of meetings. It will 
be held at a schoolhouse in the south part of the congre- 
gation, to be conducted by a minister to be sent by the 
mission board of Middle Missouri. A collection was tak- 
en for district mission, which amounted to $2; also one 
for foreign mission; amount, 50 cents. Jan. 17 Bro. John 
J Smith called for the elders and received the anointing. 
—Elizabeth A. Replogle, R. R. No. 1, Osceola, Mo., Jan. 

Bethel church stands midway between Croton and 
ijuakcrtowu, N. J. On the west there is a new church 
built— a Progressive— at Croton a Baptist, and at Quak- 
ertown a Methodist church. As these three churches 
are only a mile or two distant it makes our congregation 
■somewhat small. Bro. Forney preaches for us every 
two weeks. We have a small Sunday school, with John 
Q Adams superintendent; prayer meeting every Wednes- 
day evening, with good results.— L. B. Honn. Pittstown, 
N. T-, Jan. 18. 

Cando church is having two singing classes, one in the 
city church taught by Sister Ida May Miller, recently 
from the Chicago mission; the other in the Zion congre- 
gation, taught by Bro. N-. T. Dewitt, who moved here 
lately from the Surrey district.— M. P. Lichty, Zion, N. 
Dak., Jan. 12. 

Lansing.— Dec. 19 Eld. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey, began 
a series of sermons in the Ellison house of the Rocklake 
church. The meetings continued each evening until Jan. 
10. Thirty services, including one council meeting, were 
held. There were only two nights too stormy for serv- 
ices. The attendance was good. Many came from 
neighboring congregations. Special day services were 
held for the older members. Four young people received 
eternal life. Brethren who are called to preach in the 
north need not fear to come on account of the winter. 
The people will attend the services and see that the 
preacher is comfortable.— Paul Mohler, Lansing, N. Dak., 
Jan. 16. 

James River.— Bro. E. J. Smith, of Surrey, N. Dak., ac- 
companied by Bro. Albert Crites, came to us Jan. 4, con- 
tinuing till Jan. 12, giving us seven sermons. Eleven pre- 
cious souls united with the church by baptism and the 
members are much strengthened. Jan. 9 we met in coun- 
cil. Eld. F. Ctilp, of Carrington, was with us, also Bro. 
J. E. Smith and Bro. Crites. One letter was received.— 
Daisy Kreps, Bordulac, N. Dak., Jan. 12. 

Red River Valley church met in council Jan. 2. Offi- 
cers were elected for the year, all being reelected except- 
ing corresponding secretary, the writer being elected to 
take that place. We enjoyed a series of meetings from 
Dec. 27 to Jan. 10. Eighteen sermons were preached. 
The meetings were in charge of Bro. George Strycker, of 
Surrey, N. Dak., and the home ministers. Good interest 
was shown in the meetings and we felt greatly strength- 
ened by them.— Susie A. Bobb, Mayville, N. Dak., Jan. 20. 
Newton.— Our new churchhouse at Pleasant Hill was 
dedicated Jan. 17. Services were conducted by Bro, Gor- 
man Heeter, of Indiana. About one thousand people 
were in attendance, and they showed their interest in 
the church and its welfare and mission by contributing 
over twelve hundred dollars, which very nearly com- 
pleted the covering of the cost, somewhat more than 
seven thousand dollars. Bro. Heeter continues our se- 
ries of meetings. — Mary I. Senscman, Covington, Ohio, 
R. R. 3, Jan. 18. 

Upper Stillwater.— Jan. 2 Bro. David Hollinger, of 
Greenville, commenced a series of meetings, which lasted 
till Jan. 17. He preached twenty sermons. Owing to 
the excessively cold weather at the beginning of the meet- 
ing the attendance was very small but the interest in- 
creased so that the house was filled at the close. Sister 
Hollinger accompanied Bro. David in his work, assisting 
in the song service and giving the Sunday-school children 
an interesting talk.— Jerry Hollinger, Versailles, Ohio, 
Jan. 18. 

Washita.— A special council was held Jan. 16 to elect a 
minister. The lot fell on Bro. Walter B. Gernet. Bro. 
N. S. Gripe, from Thomas, was with us and preached 
two instructive sermons on Sunday. — Emma Wiltfong. 
Cordell. Okla., Jan. 19. 


Elizabethtown.— We are in the midst of an inspiring 
season of Bible study at the Brethren s _colIege at this 
place The preaching services held each evening are I 
largely attended and are proving a glorious blessing to I 
both saint and sinner. During this week twelve young I 
people have manifested their desire to follow the LanH, I 
of God. The meetings have been conducted by vano Us | 
brethren. To-night Bro. W, M. Howe begins evangelist- [ 
ic services, to continue a week. Bro. S. i>. Beaver ex .j 
nects to begin a series of meetings m the church on Feb.l 
7 ._Martha Martin, Elizabethtown, Pa., Jan. 22. 

Ephxata.— We opened a series of meetings Jan, 2 and| 
continued till Jan. 19. Bro. P. S Miller o Roanoke! 
Va did the preaching. We were all much built up. The ■ 
Lord blessed our work by bringing back, into the fold | 
two very precious souls who had wandered away, bevei 
more dear souls were buried in baptism, a young hus. I 
band, a man and his wife, a young man, and three sisters I 
from the Sunday school, which, with one previously bap. f 
tized and one reclaimed, gave us eleven as a direct rt- 
suit of Bro. Miller's work.— Geo. Weaver, Ephrata, Pa, | 
Jan. 20. 

Georges Creek {Uniontown house).— Jan. 12 we had I 
the pleasure of listening to our dear Bro. Samuel Spran-I 
kel of Massillon, Ohio, who on the next day, in com- [ 
pany with Bro. A. B. Barnhart, of Hagerstown, Md., all 
tended the quarterly council of this congregation at the I 
Fairview church. Bro. Barnhart spoke for us again ml 
the evening of Jan. 14.— Gertrude F. Finnell, 128 W. Main! 
St., Uniontown, Pa., Jan. 18. 

Johnstown.— Dec. 27 Bro. W. T. Sbidle commenced a | 
series of meetings in our new meetinghouse on Giffml 
Hill," and closed Jan. 12, with fourteen being admitted] 
into' the church by baptism and three reclaimed.— L. 
Brallier, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 18. 

Roaring Spring.— Our series of meetings, which began| 
Jan 2 conducted by Eld. D. T. Detwiler, closed Jan. 
He preached twenty-one sermons. We had good congre-l 
gations, considering the very cold weather. One soul! 
was made willing to join in with the church and awaits! 
baptism.— D. S. Replogle, Roaring Spring. Pa„ Jan. 22. 

Upper Canowago church met in council in East Berlin,! 
Pa., Jan. 16, with Eld. Win. A. Anthony presiding. Owl 
local mission board reported having received in the past! 
year $53.12. It was decided at this meeting to give hall! 
for home and half for foreign missions. Also decided! 
to hold two series of meetings next fall, one at the MnmT 
inert house and one at the Baker house. There was also| 
an election held at this meeting for a Sunday-school 
perintendenl and assistant for the year 1904 in East Berlin.! 
Bro, C. L. Baker was elected superintendent and the! 
writer assistant. Our next quarterly council will be atl 
the Hampton house April 16. Jan. 16 we reorganized our! 
Sunday school in East Berlin with a good attendance and | 
marked interest manifested. Bro. Anthony favored us 
with three practical sermons. Saturday evening and Sun 
day evening in East Berlin and Sunday morning at Ba- 
kers.— Andrew Bowse;-, East Berlin, Pa., Jan. 20, 


Boones Creek.— Our home ministers began a series e(| 
meetings Dec. 27 and continued until Jan, 17. Bro. T 
Garst did most of the preaching. The weather was 
unfavorable, but the interest was fairly good. Two wcrtl 
made willing to accept Christ and were baptized Jan. ml 
We feel that many others were almost persuaded.— Mary| 
White, Jonesboro, Tenn., Jan. 20. 

French Broad.— Dec. 27 Eld. Peter Reed began preachl 
ing for us and continued until Jan. 3. We had good aj 
tendance and the church was encouraged. Jan. 5 Eldl 
Jesse Clark came to our help. He labored thirteen days! 
Five were baptized; two await baptism. More seem very! 
near the kingdom. Bro. Clark and Bro. Wine go from! 
here to the Meadow Branch church. — Kate McCraryJ 
White Pine, Tenn., R. R. I, Jan. 18. 
Botetourt.— We are in the midst of a spiritual revivaLl 
Bro E. S. Young, of Canton. Ohio, is conducting a Bible! 
institute in the college chapel at Daleville. He has given! 
us new inspiration in studying the blessed Book. Each! 
evening he preaches, and the Spirit of the Lord is n .^ v '| 
ing upon the hearts of many. Six have already decided! 
for Christ, all students.— C. D. Hylton. Trinity, Va., Jan-f 

Daleville.— We have just closed a very promising M"l 
ries of meetings with the Brethren of Middle Creek, VaH 
with six additions to the church; two baptized, four re I 
claimed, one of them a once very promising young mic| 
ister. The prospect for the Brethren here now seems w| 
be good. We left four applicants for baptism.— John t| 
Woodie, Daleville, Va., Jan. 18. 

Greenmount church met in council Jan. 2, our elder, 
C. Myers, presiding. Business of the past year pleasant!)'] 
disposed of and preparations made for the new. Corre-f 
spondent continued. Committee to secure ministers 
hold our series of meetings continued. Committee of af-1 
rangements for district meeting appointed, viz, brethren! 
Sidney Bowman and J. W. Wampler. The Brethren! 
Hymnal has been adopted by our congregation, and oveil 
twenty-five dollars donated for the books.— L. K 
Ritchie, Greenmount, Va., Jan. 18. 

Mt Joy— Eld. J. C. Woodie, of North Carolina, begajjl 
a series of meetings at Middle Creek church Jan. 4 a ",| 
closed Jan. 14. Five joined the church. Very hopet«|l 
prospects that many more will follow. For nearly ttt I 
years past the Middle Creek church seemed to be almo-f 
broken up, but Bro. Woodie's meetings and earnest ^'1 
forts have greatly revived the work.— A. F. Pursley, M»j 
pie. Va., Jan. 21. 

Mt. Union church met in council Jan. 16, our elde'l 
Jasper Barnthouse, presiding. Three letters of rnemb et J 
;>hip were read. Jan. 17 we reorganized our Suno*. I 
school. Bro. Francis Hamilton was reelected supennj 
tendent and the writer assistant. Bro. Barntho^ : I 
preached for us on the evening prior to our council. B f(l | 
Alpheus DeBoIt, who was present at our council, 
mained with us over Sunday and preached two sermo^'l 
which were much appreciated by all. Our freewill W 1 
fering was $23.50.— L. A. Pugh. Easton. W. Va., Jan. I* | 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1904. 


.... CO RRESPON PENCE «»••- 

"T^nta « hat tbon ** e,t ' RDd Bend U Mnto tb * cb<uch * 9, ' 

• new home in the mission station at Jalalpor. 

• ' ell and every one happy. God be praised for his 

11 '' !ed guidance and his manifest answer to prayer. 

A of a most pleasant journey is here and the 

"l H for day has actually come. Our introduction to 

"a and her ways has begun and we are beginning to 

h e world on her other side, which is just as real now 

American side has been. 

voyage on the Red and Arabian seas was quite 
ble we did not suffer from the heat. There was 
° yi , breeze about all the time. Our ship anchored 
Rombay on the evening of Dec. 5- Till we pulled up 
,|Tnier finally it was... P. M. Our meeting with 
Eliza B Miller and brethren Emmert and Lichty, 
Chad come to Bombay to meet us, was surely a happy 
-mutually I venture to say. Then also to read mes- 
| g es from home which were awaiting us added to our 

Sly the next morning saw us all through the custom 

with our cabin baggage without any unpacking. 

e could not help that. We enjoyed 

n Bombay that day and a special 

.,■ service among ourselves. Never before 

so much to be thankful for. We feel that our ob- 

tions to God increase with his every care and bless- 

na 10 US. , 

Monday we spent in English Bombay among the stores, 
fivine necessaries for India life. Tuesday was the great 
— > a v Left Bombay at 7=45 A. M. on a fast India tram, 
he trip was full of interest as we hastened up the coun- 
treams, through marshes, along some 

3 Sunday, but 
ivo English services 



At this season ev- 

,»^ted fields and growing crops. 

vthing looks productive and promising and wc were 
ell pleased with the outlook. At Dahanu Bro. Ebey s 
rceted us with coffee and biscuits. At Bulsar Bro. Sto- 
s met us and robbed us of some of our traveling com- 
anions For almost two months we had been so closely 
ssociated that to separate thus was not so pleasant. 
The next station of interest was Novsan, .which we 
eached at about i : 30 P. M. Here Bro. Forney's wel- 
.orned us very heartily and left the train to speed on 
ith onlv Brother and Sister Long, escorted by Bro. 
'ichty, to the most northern station at Anklesvar. Not 
',n\y ywie Bro. Forney's at the station to welcome us, 
ut also some native Christians and some seventy orphan 
These showed their love by presenting us with 
ouquets and wreaths of beautiful, fragrant flowers just 
' soon as we stepped off the train. Right inside the 
lation gate they sang their Gujerati hymns of welcome, 
jiile two of them held the English word "Welcome" 
fore us. While we drove to the mission home all of 
htm walked before us, now turning toward us the word 
Welcome" in Gujerati and this, too, at their own in- 
tigation, signifying by this that now we must learn Gu- 
frati. We appreciated their cleverness. We were told 
hat at the station while waiting for the train they sang 
heir Christian hymns, eliciting favorable comment from 
heathen listeners. 
The drive home was pleasant and interesting. What 
flood of thoughts came to us on our way to the " light- 
ouse." The road is nice and shady, but, of course, 
ty. Our first glimpses of home— yes, home, we are 
deed at home— brought very favorable impressions, on- 
more so as we really got into it. After ar- 
while sitting on the porch, the boys sang for us 
and then together we knelt and offered to the God 
Qf all the earth and of all races our prayers of praise and 
ianksgiving. How thankful we -are for what we see 
:re in the mission and how glad that we have been led 
re safely. Our room is the entire second story and 
ikes a very pleasant home indeed. 

Bro. Forney's have better health since back from 
oona. A few of the orphan boys are not well. Bro. 
orney went to Baroda yesterday. This morning we 
|ad our first lesson in Gujerati. We like our teacher 
nd expect to enjoy our study. May God's children be 
prvent in prayer. J- M - Blough. 

December 11. 

done for Christ? If we look to Romans 4:4 we find 
these words: "Now to him that worketh is the reward 
not reckoned of grace, but of debt." We are here, by 
this, made to see a change in the manner the Lord will 
reward his workers. " For Abraham believed God, wid 
it was counted unto him for righteousness." Rom. 4:3- 
But now our belief is not reckoned of righteousness, but 
of debt. We often fear to become creditors to our fel- 
low-men. Then, judging from appearances, we must cer- 
tainly be much more afraid to become a creditor to our 
heavenly Father. Are we afraid we shall never be repaid 
for our labor? Do we think God will never pay his 
debts? Should we then shun his labor when he so kind- 
ly gives us strength to perform our physical labor and 
not perform duties which seem small and easy, yet would 
be written to our account? And if we will be rewarded 
for debt, will wc have an account book to take with us 
when we come to die? I should emphatically say yes. 
Since memory never dies, our memory will be our ac- 
count book. How important, then, that we have it stored 
with accounts of labor done for the Master. Will we 
not be ashamed of our small reward when we present our 
account to the Lord? But we shall be rewarded for the 
labor done. 

How, then, shall we labor more for the Master? Do 
whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, and do it with thy 
might. Then, if we find work in the church, do it; in 
the sabbath school, do it; in the mission field, do it, or 
anywhere else, keeping one thought before our minds, 
that we will be rewarded for debt, but not for our good- 
ness. And in payment for our labor and to cancel our 
credit against the Lord he will give us for a reward the 
crown which is awaiting us all. 

May God help us to work more and labor harder, and 
thus increase our reward, which will not be of grace, but 
of debt. Irvin Pletcher. 

Jones Mills, Pa. 



to grow 


out yielding obedience to the conditions of pardon and 
salvation; but its true sense is that of a soul deeply hu- 
miliated before God. on account of its sins; a soul "with- 
out one plea" for its own merit or righteousness; a soul 
longing for the cleansing blood of Christ; a soul deeply 
convicted of sin, with not one prop to lean upon save the 
blood of Christ. In such a state of mind and heart the 
author of said hymn could appropriately say — 

"Just as I am, without one plea." 

Or. ;is another author pertinently says — 

"Here, Lord, I give mvself away. 
'Tis all that I can do." 

The sense applies to the condition of the penitent sin- 
ner, when he realizes tint he 1-. lust and that he has no 
source for salvation but Christ, and surrenders, unreserv- 
edly, just as he is.— like the Pontecostiaus— to the condi- 
tions of repentance and baptism, in order to reconcilia- 

The sense of the hymn under consideration docs not 
intimate the setting aside of any of the conditions of sal- 
vation, but it does set forth the benefits of appropriating 
a personal Savior to all our needs and extremities in life. 
That a sense of being lost, of unworthiness, of moral 
deadness. should exist in the heart of the believer before 
he can truly repent must be evident to every regenerated 
person. Those coming to John's baptism lacked this ex- 
perience. They came leaning on Abraham instead of 
Christ. No one can truly repent who is not first truly 
penitent, morally dead. Too many are buried in baptism 
who are not half dead and arise 10 walk just as they did 
before. J- S. Mohler. 

It will be observed that the editorial referred to was 
not intended as a criticism of the hymn "Just as I am," 
but was directed against some of the misleading preach- 
ing that is done in various parts of the country. — Ed. 

Our quarterly council was held at the Fairview house, 
near Masontown, Pa., Jan. 14, with Eld. Jasper Barnt- 
house presiding. Elders A. B. Barnhart and Samuel 
Sprankle were also present. We were sorry to learn that 
Eld. S. F. Sanger could not meet with the visiting breth- 
ren on account of sickness. We have been made to ap- 
preciate the labor of love of those brethren among us. 

All the business that came before the' meeting was dis- 
posed of in a Christian spirit. Council decided to elect 
two deacons in the near future, one for Uniontown and 
one for Fairview. There were five letters received and 
one was granted. One of the brethren returned the same 
letter that was given him. One was restored. One was 
received back who had become indifferent. New officers 
were elected for the different Sunday schools; brethren 
Francis Durr and J. G. Cover for Fairview, brethren Hen- 
ry Glover and S. C. Johnson for Uniontown, and breth- 
ren William H. JVIurphy and George Cease for Hopwood. 
On the next day after the council we baptized a brother 
who is crippled with rheumatism so that he cannot walk. 
We placed the tank on his porch, filled it with water, 
warmed it, and after very solemn services in the house 
the brethren carried Bro. Brooks out and Bro. Barnt- 
house baptized him sitting on a chair. His wife, who 
had been a Mennonite, expressed a desire to go with her 
husband and was also baptized. This was a very solemn 
scene and was witnessed by a number of the brethren 
and sisters. 

During the past year we received six by baptism, grant- 
ed six letters; death claimed two, so we find that we are 
about where we started at the beginning of the year. On 
New Year's day our collection was eight dollars and thir- 
ty-five cents, which is to be paid into the hands of Bro. 
P. J. Blough, treasurer of mission board of Western 
The collection at our council was thirty 

J Should we ask ourselves why we are continually la- 
J°nng and worrying ourselves as most of us do, our re- 
>' to ourselves would be. Because we are expecting a 
ward. Yes. we are working and laboring for a natural 
ward. But how many of us are laboring as diligently 
r a spiritual reward? How often do we become impa- 
ct if ue are not promptly rewarded for our natural la- 
""■ Do any of us ever become impatient of our heav- 
ily reward? 

1 W e are made to wonder if we ever stop to think that 
is a daily and strict account kept of our labor for 
I" 1 " 1 * 1 * And then we are again made to think, Is there 
V one who is now keeping an account of his labor 


dollars. Bills handed in amounted to over on. 

dollars. Part of these bills were for furnishing the 

Uniontown new churchhouse. 

At the close of the meeting Bro. Barnhart and Bro. 
Sprankle gave us good talks, especially congratulating 
Eld. Jasper Barnthouse for the efficient work that he has 
done for the church at Fairview and Uniontown. May 
the Lord guide, guard and bless the brethren with his 
Spirit, so that the name of God may be glorified and 
souls saved. Our brethren preached at Uniontown on 
their way to Jacobs Creek. Bro. Barnthouse and the 
writer went to Mt. Union, W. Va., where Bro. Barnt- 
house had appointed a council. Thus ended a good, fra- 
ternal meeting. A1 P hcus DeBolt ' 

Jan. 22. ^ _ 




At the close of 1903 the last page of my diary is full, 
and I feel like exclaiming, Praise the Lord for his bless- 
ings to me during the year. What changes have taken 
placet Many have gone to their long home, while wc 
are left to help carry on the Lord's work, possibly with 
new resolutions to do more and better work for the Mas- 
ter in the future. During the past year I spent 3^5 days 
in the field, delivered 335 sermons, baptized 63, held 8 
council meetings, attended 15 communion meetings, held 
to children's meetings, preached 2 funeral sermons, 
anointed 1, restored 5 to church fellowship, closing the 
year's work Dec. 27 at Ashridge, Wis. 

While this much has been done in weakness, may much 
more be done the coming year. If by this statement 
of facts any of my dear brethren and sisters shall be in- 
cited to greater diligence in the Master's vineyard, 
still willing to sacrifice for the Master's cause 

I am 

that much 

may be done 

Lanark, II 

the con 

ng year to advance th< 

C. P 

kingdom of 


In reply to inquiries, permit me to say lliat the laws 
here in Canada are as much in the Brethren's favor as 
they are in the States. Wc are allowed the affirmation 
instead of the oath. Sunday labor k strictly forbidden, 
and much more enforced than in parts of the Stales. 
How our hearts have been grieved by the threshing, 
hunting, harvesting and many other worldly doings we 
have so often witnessed on the blessed Sabbath day, 
which are done away with in this country. 

While wc arc well pleased with the temporal things, 
we are very anxious to have the gospel truth planted 
here also. We have thirty members intending to make 
homes in these parts. Eld. George Shamberger has just 
finished his house and his family will be here about Jan. 
20. Bro. Wm. F. Ilallenberg, of Grand Harbor, N. Dak., 
is also locating with 11s. A meetinghouse in 1004 is now 
the talk. Wm. IL Figner. 

Nantnn, Cana, Ja 


the above title there appeared in the Messenger 
a criticism on that beautiful hymn beginning 

"Just as I am without one plea." 

The writer has evidently misapprehended the true 

sense of said hymn- The sense of the hymn is not that 

of self-sufficiency, or self-fitness to come to Christ with- 


frequently sec reports in the Gospel Messenger 
over the signature of Bro. J. S. Gciser concerning the 
above mission. It was my happy privilege to worship 
with the saints on the evening of Dec. 27 in their new 
house, not, as on former occasions in a cramped hall, 
but in a neat, plain, commodious and substantial meet- 
inghouse. . , 

1 am glad to say that the mission here has a band o. 
good, earnest, zealous workers for the 
It is always a pleasure for me to meet 
,607 Edmondson Ave., also with Bro. Bricker, their mm 
ister, and family, and many other dear members 
we have learned to know and love, 
raise a little over $900 yet to cover 
others will come to his aid. 

Bills, Pa., Jan. 18. 

cause of Christ. 

tvith the trio at 



Bro. Geiscr has to 
the debt. We trust 
Silas Hoover. 


The mission boards of Northern and Middle Indiana 
me. in joint session Jan. .5. W. « North .Manner, 
Ind., with all members presen 
chosen temporary moderator. 
Wayne mission was taken up. 

the Ft Wayne mission in good condition. He w 
tained for the work. It was decided to place 
Ft. Wayne as soon as wi 
be a series of meetings as soon 
made. We are praying for 
Wayne church. 

Goshen. Ind., Jan. 18. 

Bro. David Dillon was 

The work of the Ft. 

Eld. L. H. Eby reported 

.dition. He 

a sister in 

could secure one. There will 

ngements can be 

bright future for the Ft. 

R. W. Davenport. 

the Messenger staff, and the 
even unto the con- 


While contemplating this letter to you I realize that my 
task is not a light one. In my sympathies for the cause 
of the great truth resting on 
many accomplices ill the great task 

tributors of the same, nothing seems to me so dear as the 
being competent to reject as well as accept. Years of ex- 
perience are worth much. However brilliant the mental 
forces wisdom is more than knowledge. Seeing the beau- 
ty of the well-filled pages of the acknowledged organ of 
our Brotherhood reaching many thousands of souls, I can 
but rejoice at the caution and care centering around the 
sacred pages. . 

Kindness and forbearance toward all leads one into a 
channel of most earnest thought, reaching the hearts of 
those who are sometimes over-anxious to press their own 
cause forward to the front, until even love is almost for- 
gotten Oftentimes we are so constrained to reason with 
ourselves while we arc studying the thoughts of others in 
the Gospel Messenger pages that wc neglect the all-im- 
portant factor of equality toward our fellow-men. As we 
look around and see our different callings we sometimes 
wonder why all mankind is so much diversified. Many of 
us who can call to mind again some past events of our 
lives can but rejoice that we have been overruled by some 
great and good unseen power that we arc ready to name 
the greatest Ruler of all power that moves the unfathom- 
able universe. Your unworthy servant, the writer, is one 
who looks forward with a longing eye when the good and 
blessed Lord shall come to reward his servants. 

The Gospel Messenger is one of the best and most won- 
derfully entertaining magazines to lead the honest reader 
to seek divine truth that has as yet ever come to my no- 
tice. While reading the many able articles, jammed so 
closely together and gently hovering around the truth of 
Jesus, man cannot resist its gentle power. Oh! precious 
power divine. Oh! sacred love combined. 

Reading its pages I find in it exercises for the mental 
faculties equally sufficient for a full diet for the six days 
in each week. It is full of thought for the mind, thought 
sufficient lor all who would offer to themselves an oppor- 
tunity of reading good and profitable thoughts of other 
men and women who have fathomed many subjects of di- 
vine truth. Every page and every article of the Gospel 
Messenger is designed to offer suggestions to the reader 
who seeks to develop his longing mind. Patience and 
endurance on the part of the editors and contributors 
have done much to lead souls to a higher life. 

Much more might be said, but I think enough has been 
said to induce all to secure, each one, another rea